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Encyclopedia > Moreton Bay
The foreshore at Manly.

Moreton Bay is a large bay on the eastern coast of Australia 19 km from Brisbane, Queensland. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1224 pixel, file size: 871 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photograph taken by Nick Carson in 2004. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1632 × 1224 pixel, file size: 871 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photograph taken by Nick Carson in 2004. ... Manly is a suburb of the Brisbane City Council located in Brisbane, Australia. ... Brisbane (pronounced ) is the capital and most populous city of the Australian state of Queensland, as well as the third largest city in Australia. ... Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Peter Beattie (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd)  - Product per capita  $40,170/person (6th) Population (End of November 2006)  - Population  4,164,590 (3rd)  - Density  2. ...


The Port of Brisbane coordinates large traffic along the shipping channel which crosses the northern waters of the bay. The bay serves as a safe approach to the airport and reduces noise pollution over the city to the west of the runway. Port of Brisbane is the shipping port of Brisbane, Australia. ... In physical geography, a channel is the physical confine of a river, slough or ocean strait consisting of a bed and banks. ... Noise pollution (or environmental noise in technical venues) is displeasing human or machine created sound that disrupts the environment. ...

Contents

History

Moreton Bay was formed roughly 6000 years ago as the sea level rose and inundated what was then the floodplains of the Brisbane River. Sea level measurements from 23 long tide gauge records in geologically stable environments show a rise of around 20 centimeters per century (2 mm/year). ...


Moreton Bay (Aboriginal name - Quandamooka) and its islands were inhabited by Aboriginal tribes. The name Morton's Bay was given by Captain Cook when he passed the area on 15 May 1770, honouring Lord Morton, president of the Royal Society. The spelling Moreton was an error in the first published account of Cook's voyage[1] (Hawkesworth's Voyages[2]). Cook gave the name only to the bight formed by the northern end of North Stradbroke Island and the eastern side of Moreton Island. He may have been unaware of the South Passage (as it's now called) between the two islands, and in any case didn't sail into what is the present Moreton Bay. Australian Aborigines are the main indigenous people of Australia. ... British explorer James Cook is most noted for having discovered Australia and Hawaii. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Battle of Chesma, by Ivan Aivazovsky. ... James Douglas, 14th Earl of Morton (1702 -October 12, 1768), became president of the Royal Society (1764), and was a distinguished patron of science, and particularly of astronomy. ... The premises of The Royal Society in London (first four properties only). ... In geography, bight has two meanings. ...


Matthew Flinders was the first recorded European to enter the Bay in 1799 touching down at the Pumicestone Passage, Redcliffe and Coochiemudlo Island. He was followed by John Oxley who explored the Brisbane River in 1823. On a subsequent visit in the following year, Oxley established the first European settlement in the Bay at the present site of Redcliffe. Captain Matthew Flinders RN (16 March 1774 – 19 July 1814) was one of the most accomplished navigators and cartographers of his age. ... 1799 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... This article is about the person. ... 1823 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


After Oxley in 1823, came convicts and soldiers. As the South Passage between Moreton and Stradbroke Islands was the shortest shipping route, a depot and pilot station were established at Amity Point in 1825.


White settlement began in earnest. After the abandonment of the Redcliffe settlement, work began on the new convict settlement several miles up the Brisbane River in 1825. Within a couple years this new settlement was growing rapidly and the number of ships entering the bay was increasing. As a result, the facilities required to service the pilot station at Amity grew, and in 1827 convicts were sent to the island to build a new causeway at Dunwich, remnants of which can still be found on the same site. Within a year the first permanent white settlement at Dunwich had been built.


At first the Quandamooka tribes had a choice of avoiding contact or engaging with the Europeans at the various small government institutions that were established on the mainland and on Minjerribah (Stradbroke Island). Aboriginal labour and resources were however, voluntarily supplied to assist these newcomers (eg: at the pilot station). Problems came about when the newcomers displayed a lack of respect for Aboriginal country and marriage rules. This produced a period of conflict through the 1830's, sometimes followed up by reprisals with guns, during which a number of Aboriginal people were massacred.


Like the mainland tribes, the Nooghie, Noonuccal and Goenpul people struggled when Moreton Bay was opened up to free settlers. The mainland Aboriginal people in particular were progressively deprived of the traditional hunting grounds and food. When they turned to killing domestic stock in order to survive, they were rounded up and shot. As their tribal groups and way of life disintegrated, many drifted towards towns and cities. Because of their isolation, the people of the islands however, managed to keep a lot of their traditional ways alive.


In 1843, Catholic Missionaries chose Dunwich as the site for the first Catholic Mission to Australian Aborigines. The sand islands of Quandamooka did not support pasturage suitable for sheep and cattle, and thus there did not occur conversion of large tracts of land into farms and pastoral properties and the subsequent widespread annihilation and displacement of Aboriginal people. The very existence of the Quarantine station on Stradbroke Island from 1850 to the 1870's led to the official discouragement of pastoralism or wider settlement for fear of spreading disease. Another reason for discouraging settlement was to reduce the likelihood of incoming vessels to the bay evading customs duty.


Thus the European usage and occupation of Quandamooka in the 19th century was largely restricted to government institutions on small portions on the islands, and with free enterprise business men like the Campbell brothers who ran a saltworks and sugar plantations on Russell and Macleay islands, and the early fishing and oystering businesses in the bay who employed the Aboriginal people of Quandamooka.


Aboriginal peoples were a source of labour for various institutions and enterprises from the time of the first pilot station. Conflict with Europeans intensified during the middle part of the 19th century, leading to significant numbers of Aboriginal people being killed (including at the hands of the native police). Despite these conflicts other Aboriginal people were able to evade intense contact due to the lack of European activity on the bay islands. From the 1830's to 1865 there remained virtual exclusive Aboriginal possesssion of most of Quandamooka. However trade and social interaction with the mainland groups gradually diminished due to the outward march of pastoral settlement on the mainland. This resulted in unrepairable damage to indigenous social networks and patterns of group intermarriage, as well as joint ceremonial activities.


Geography

The foreshores of Deception Bay

The bay extends some 160 km from Caloundra in the north almost to Surfers Paradise in the south. The bay's southern navigation entrance is the Gold Coast Seaway. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 526 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 673 pixel, file size: 106 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo taken in Deception Bay. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 526 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 673 pixel, file size: 106 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Photo taken in Deception Bay. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Caloundra () is the southern-most community on the Sunshine Coast in South East Queensland, Australia. ... Surfers Paradise by day during Schoolies week, in Cavill Mall. ... The Gold Coast Seaway is the main navigation entrance from the Pacific Ocean into the Gold Coast Broadwater and southern Moreton Bay. ...


It is separated from the Pacific Ocean by a chain of three sand islands - Moreton Island in the north, North Stradbroke Island, and South Stradbroke Island in the south. Several places are named Sand Island. ... Moreton Island is the island in the top-right of this satellite image Moreton Island from above the waters of Moreton Bay Moreton Island is a large sand island on the eastern side of Moreton Bay, on the coast of south-east Queensland, Australia. ... NASA satellite view of southern part of Moreton Bay, Queensland. ... South Stradbroke Island is an Australian island in the state of Queensland, south of Brisbane and forms the northern end of Gold Coast. ...


The bay itself contains around 360 islands in total. This includes the populated Russell Macleay, Lamb and Karragarra Islands collectively known as the RKLM, the Bay Islands or Southern Moreton Bay Islands (SMBI in Redland Shire Council planning documents). Residential development has also occurred on Coochiemudlo Island and Bribie Island. Russell Island in Redland Shire is the biggest of the southern Moreton Bay islands sandwiched between the mainland and North Stradbroke Island in the state of Queensland, Australia. ... Click on the picture to see the large satellite view looking from the southwest of the south Moreton Bay, Queensland. ... View of the Glass House Mountains from Bribie Island, Queensland Looking NW toward Bribie Island, Queensland, Australia Bribie Island is a sand island in the northern part of Moreton Bay, Queensland. ...


Moreton Island is protected as Moreton Island National Park. The bay itself contains the Moreton Bay Marine Park with areas designated under the Marine Park Zoning Plan. According to the Ramsar Wetland Convention 1971, parts of Moreton Bay are listed as a wetland of international importance. Moreton Island is a national park in Queensland, Australia, 58 km northeast of Brisbane. ... The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands, i. ... A subtropical wetland in Florida, USA, with an endangered American Crocodile. ...


Moreton Bay is generally shallow and sandy, though a substantive channel is maintained to allow access to the Port of Brisbane at Fisherman Islands at the mouth of the Brisbane River, for international shipping. As well as the Brisbane River, the Nerang River, Coomera River, Pimpama River, Logan River, Pine River and the Caboolture River all empty into Moreton Bay. Port of Brisbane is the shipping port of Brisbane, Australia. ... The Brisbane River is situated in south east Queensland and flows through the state capital Brisbane. ... The Nerang River is a river within Gold Coast City in south-eastern Queensland. ... The Coomera River is a river situated in South East Queensland. ... The Logan River is a river in south-eastern Queensland. ... Pine River continues after the convergence of North Pine and South Pine rivers at Lawnton in Queensland, Australia, continuing into Bramble Bay. ...


The bay contains a number of island villages such as the settlement on the bayside of Moreton Island, Tangalooma and on North Stradbroke, Dunwich and Amity Point. Prominent coastal communities and mainland suburbs situated on the bay include Deception Bay, Scarborough, Redcliffe, Margate, Woody Point, Brighton, Sandgate, Cleveland, Raby Bay and Victoria Point and Redland Bay. Other attractions in the bay include Pumicestone Passage, St Helena Island National Park and numerous boat ramps, marinas and jetties. Originally a whaling base, Tangalooma is a resort based on the west side of Moreton Island in Queensland, Australia. ... Dunwich is a small town on the western side of North Stradbroke Island in the Australian state of Queensland. ... Map showing Amity Point (x). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Scarborough is the name given to the suburb situated at the tip of Queenslands Redcliffe Peninsula. ... Redcliffe is both the name of a peninsula on the north-west of Moreton Bay in South East Queensland, Australia and the city located on the peninsula. ... Margate is an eastern suburb of Redcliffe City, Queensland. ... Woody Point, Queensland, Australia is on the southern most point of Brisbanes Redcliffe Peninsula. ... Brighton is a suburb in the northern suburbs of Brisbane, Australia. ... Sandgate is a coastal suburb in Brisbane, Australia located 16km north of the Brisbane CBD. // Sandgate is situated on the coastline, along Moreton Bay. ... Cleveland is one of the 21 bayside suburbs of the Redland Shire, approximately 25 kilometres East-South-East of Brisbane. ... Victoria Point is one of the 21 bayside suburbs of the Redland Shire, approximately 20 kilometres South-East of Brisbane, and is primarily a residential area, but also contains shopping centres and a ferry service to Coochiemudlo island. ... Sub-tropical Redland Bay forms part of larger Moreton Bay, 40 kilometers East of Brisbane, capital city of the Australian State of Queensland. ... St Helena Island is an Island in Queensland (Australia), 21 km east of Brisbane in Moreton Bay. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A small marina at Brixham, Devon, England. ... Coastal lagoons fronted by barrier spits typically have entrances that migrate through time. ...


Sandbanks

Sandbanks in Moreton Bay
Sandbanks in Moreton Bay

Moreton Bay is filled with sandbanks. Between Tangalooma and Skirmish Point on Bribie Island are the Middle Banks, Central Banks and Western Banks. From north of Moreton Island towards Caloundra are the Yulle Road, Spitfire Bank, and the Salamander Bank, amongst others. Image File history File linksMetadata SandsOfTime2fla400. ... Image File history File linksMetadata SandsOfTime2fla400. ... A sandbank is a patch of sand in water, which creates a shallow area which may pose a hazard to boats. ...


Amity Banks are found just west of Amity Point, while the Moreton Banks lie to the west of the southern tip of Moreton Island. These banks can be hazard for marine navigation because they are constantly changing due to tidal currents.


The Middle Banks area close to Moreton Island has been used in the past as a source of sand for large projects such as the nearby Brisbane Airport and port facilities. Past dredging has removed 18 Mn3 and the removal of another 40 Mn3 is planned[3]. Future sand extraction is expected to aid a major shipping channel straightening project. Patterns in the sand Sand is a granular material made up of fine rock particles. ... It has been suggested that Brisbane Airport Corporation Limited be merged into this article or section. ...


To ensure the shipping channel remains open, several areas of the bay have been allocated for dredged material dumping sites. These sites have been selected to provide beach nourishment, aiding the natural long shore transport of sand along ocean beaches.


Flora and fauna

The bay is home to abundant wildlife, including dolphins, dugong, sharks and turtles. Dugongs and turtles are threatened due to being prone to boat strike impacts[4]. The bay is extremely popular with recreational anglers. The Moreton Bay Fig (Ficus macrophylla) is endemic to the east coast of Australia within a range centred on Moreton Bay. Genera See article below. ... Binomial name (Müller, 1776) Natural range of . ... Orders Carcharhiniformes Heterodontiformes Hexanchiformes Lamniformes Orectolobiformes Pristiophoriformes Squaliformes Squatiniformes † Symmoriida Sharks (superorder Selachimorpha) are fish with a full cartilaginous skeleton [1] and a streamlined body. ... Turtles and terapins may mean: plural of turtle Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles The Turtles band Turtles band Turtles Music stores See also: Turtle (disambiguation) This is a disambiguation page: a list of articles associated with the same title. ... Angling is a method of fishing, specifically the practice of catching fish by means of an angle (hook). ... Binomial name Ficus macrophylla Desf. ...


The Moreton Bay bug (Thenus orientalis) is a species of slipper lobster found throughout the waters of Australia's north coast. The Bug is a relatively expensive delicacy served in many restaurants in Queensland. Binomial name Thenus orientalis (Lund, 1793) Moreton Bay bug (Thenus orientalis), also known as Bay lobster, is a species of slipper lobster found throughout the waters of Australias north coast. ... Genera Acantharctus Antarctus Antipodarctus Bathyarctus Biarctus Chelarctus Crenarctus Eduarctus Galearctus Gibbularctus Ibacus Parribacus Petrarctus Remiarctus Scammarctus Scyllarus Scyllarides Thenus Slipper lobsters, sometimes called bulldozers, are a family of achelate (clawless) decapod crustaceans found in all warm oceans and seas. ...


External links

  • Moreton Bay Database - a detailed chronicle of events
  • BayJournal An online news source publishing one story a day about the Bay.

Coordinates: 27°15′S, 153°15′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

  • [1] Folk song about the penal colony at Moreton Bay

  Results from FactBites:
 
Moreton Bay - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (620 words)
Moreton Bay is a large bay on the eastern coast of Australia 19 km from Brisbane, Queensland.
The bay serves as a safe approach to the airport and reduces noise pollution over the city to the west of the runway.
Moreton Bay is generally shallow and sandy, though a substantive channel is maintained to allow access to the Port of Brisbane for international shipping.
Moreton Bay, Queensland (149 words)
Moreton Bay lies on the eastern coast of Australia near Brisbane the Queensland state capital.
The bay is generally shallow and sandy, though a substantive channel is maintained to allow access to the Port of Brisbane[?] for international shipping.
The Moreton Bay Bug[?], (Thenus orientalis[?]), is a species of lobster found throughout the waters of Australia's north coast.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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