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Encyclopedia > Mordovia

The Republic of Mordovia (Russian: Респу́блика Мордо́вия; Moksha: Мордовскяй Республикась; Erzya: Мордовской Республикась) or Mordvinia is a federal subject of Russia (a republic). The direct transliteration of the republic's name is Respublika Mordoviya in Russian, Mordovskäj Respubikasj in Moksha and Mordovskoj Respublikasj in Erzya. The Mokshan language (Moksha), мокшень кяль (Mokshanj kälj) is spoken in West part of the Republic of Mordovia and adjacent Penza, Ryazan, Tambov, Saratov, Samara, Orenburg oblasts, Tatarstan, Bashkortostan republics, Siberia, Far East of Russia and also in Armenia and USA. The number of speakers is around 500,000. ... Erzyan (Эрзянь Кель (Erzjanj Kelj)) is spoken in the northern and eastern parts of the republic of Mordovia and adjacent Nizhniy Novgorod, Chuvashia, Penza, Samara, Saratov, Orenburg, Ulyanovsk, Tatarstan and Bashkortostan in Russia. ... Russia is a federation which consists of 88 subjects (Russian: ; English transliteration: subyekty, sing. ... In a broad definition a republic is a state or country that is led by people who do not base their political power on any principle beyond the control of the people of that state or country. ... There exist many possible systems for transliterating the Cyrillic alphabet of the Russian language to English or the Latin alphabet. ...

Republic of Mordovia
Республика Мордовия
Мордовскяй Республикась
   
Flag of Mordovia Coat of arms of Mordovia
Flag of Mordovia Coat of arms of Mordovia
Image:RussiaMordovia2005.png
Capital Saransk
Area

- total
- % water Image File history File links Flag_of_Mordovia. ... Image File history File links Mordovia coat of arms (from Estonian wiki) fail on loaga aadressilt www. ... Image File history File links RussiaMordovia2005. ... Saransk from space Saransk (Russian: ; Mordvin: Саран ош) is a city in central European Russia, capital of the republic of Mordovia. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ...

Ranked 71st

- 26,200 km²
- negligible Here is a list of the 88 federal subjects of Russia in order of size. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ...

Population

- Total
- Density World map of the population density in 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ...

Ranked 62nd

- est. 888,766 (2002)
- est. 33.9/km² Here is a list of the 89 federal subjects of Russia in order of population according to the 2002 census. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ...

Political status Republic
Federal district Privolzhsky (Volga) Federal District
Economic Region Volga-Vyatka
Cadaster # 13
Official languages Russian, Moksha, Erzya
Head of the Republic Nikolay Ivanovich Merkushkin
Prime Minister
Legislature {{{LegiNm}}}
Anthem

Contents

The Russian Federation is divided into 88 federal subjects (constituent units), 21 of which are republics. ... All of the federal subjects of Russia are grouped into seven federal districts (Russian: , sing. ... Privolzhsky (Volga) Federal District (Russian: Приво́лжский федера́льный о́круг; tr. ... Russia is divided into eleven economic regions (Russian: экономические районы, sing. ... The Mokshan language (Moksha), мокшень кяль (Mokshanj kälj) is spoken in West part of the Republic of Mordovia and adjacent Penza, Ryazan, Tambov, Saratov, Samara, Orenburg oblasts, Tatarstan, Bashkortostan republics, Siberia, Far East of Russia and also in Armenia and USA. The number of speakers is around 500,000. ... Erzyan (Эрзянь Кель (Erzjanj Kelj)) is spoken in the northern and eastern parts of the republic of Mordovia and adjacent Nizhniy Novgorod, Chuvashia, Penza, Samara, Saratov, Orenburg, Ulyanovsk, Tatarstan and Bashkortostan in Russia. ... Nikolay Ivanovich Merkushkin (Николай Иванович Меркушкин) (born February 5, 1951 in Novye Verkhissy, Mordovia) is the head of the Republic of Mordovia in Russia. ...


Geography

The Republic is located in the eastern part of the East European Plain of the Russian Federation. The western part of the republic is situated in the Oka Don Plain; its eastern and central parts in the Volga Elevation. The East European Plain (also Eastern-European Lowland, Eastern European Lowlands, Eastern European Plain, and Russian Plain) is a plain and series of broad river basins in Eastern Europe. ...

Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Capital Cheboksary Area - total - % water 81st - 18,300 km² - N/A Population - Total - Density 41st - est. ... Ulyanovsk Oblast (Улья́новская о́бласть) is an administrative division of the Russian Federation. ... Penza Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ... Ryazan Oblast (Russian: ) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). ...

Time zone

Mordovia is located in the Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD). Image File history File links RTZ2. ... Time zones of Europe: Moscow Time (MSK) is the time zone 3 hours ahead of UTC (UTC+3). ... It has been suggested that leap second be merged into this article or section. ...

Rivers

There are 114 rivers in Mordovia. Major rivers include:

Moksha (Мо́кша) is a river in Russia, a right tributary of the Oka River. ... Sura (Сура́) is a river in Russia, right tributary of Volga. ...

Lakes

There are approximately 500 lakes in Mordovia.


Natural Resources

Natural resources include peat, mineral waters, and others. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In many places, mineral water is often colloquially used to mean carbonated water (which is usually carbonated mineral water, as opposed to tap water). ...


Climate

Climate is moderately continental. A continental climate is the climate typical of the middle-latitude interiors of the large continents of the Northern Hemisphere in the zone of westerly winds; similar climates exist along the east coasts (but not the west coasts) of the same continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other...

  • Average January temperature: −11°C
  • Average July temperature: +19°C
  • Average annual precipitation: ~500 mm

Administrative divisions

Main article: Administrative divisions of Mordovia

Cities and towns under republics jurisdiction Saransk (Саранск) (capital) City districts: Leninsky (Ленинский) Oktyabrsky (Октябрьский) Urban settlements under the city districts jurisdiction: Lukhovka (Луховка) Nikolayevka (Николаевка) Yalga (Ялга) with 4 selsovets under the city districts jurisdiction. ...

Demographics

The Mordvin people are a Finnic group speaking two related languages, Moksha and Erzya, both considered to be dialects of the Mordvinian language. The Mordvins (Mordva) are a people who speak languages of the Finno-Permic branch of the Finno-Ugric language family. ... Finnic peoples (Fennic, sometimes Baltic-Finnic) refers to a group of related ethnic groups and nations speaking Finnic languages (also known as Balto-Finnic languages). ... The Mokshan language (Moksha), мокшень кяль (Mokshanj kälj) is spoken in West part of the Republic of Mordovia and adjacent Penza, Ryazan, Tambov, Saratov, Samara, Orenburg oblasts, Tatarstan, Bashkortostan republics, Siberia, Far East of Russia and also in Armenia and USA. The number of speakers is around 500,000. ... Erzyan (Эрзянь Кель (Erzjanj Kelj)) is spoken in the northern and eastern parts of the republic of Mordovia and adjacent Nizhniy Novgorod, Chuvashia, Penza, Samara, Saratov, Orenburg, Ulyanovsk, Tatarstan and Bashkortostan in Russia. ...

  • Population: 888,766 (2002)
    • Urban: 531,478 (59.8%)
    • Rural: 357,288 (40.2%)
    • Male: 408,556 (46.0%)
    • Female: 480,210 (54.0%)
  • Females per 1000 males: 1,175
  • Average age: 38.7 years
    • Urban: 36.8 years
    • Rural: 41.3 years
    • Male: 35.9 years
    • Female: 41.2 years
  • Number of households: 332,995 (with 866,749 people)
    • Urban: 197,923 (with 525,808 people)
    • Rural: 135,072 (with 340,941 people)

History

Early history

Earliest archaeological signs of human beings in the area of Mordovia are from the neolithical era. Finnic-Ugric mordvins are mentioned in written sources in 6th century. The Mordvins (Mordva) are a people who speak languages of the Finno-Permic branch of the Finno-Ugric language family. ...


Mongol rule

The Mongols conquered vast areas of Eastern Europe in 13th century. They established the khanate of the Golden Horde in 1241, subjugating the area of Mordovia. Mordvins sometimes fought alongside Russians against Mongols. The Golden Horde disintegrated in 1330's, which resulted in Mordvins becoming subjects of Khanate of Kazan, the successor monarchy. Honorary guard of Mongolia. ... This article refers to the medieval Turkic state. ... Kazan (Russian: ; Tatar: Qazan, Казан) is the capital city of the Republic of Tatarstan, Russia, and one of Russias largest cities. ...


Russian rule

When Ivan IV of Russia annexed the khanate of Kazan in 1552, the Mordovin lands were subjugated to the Russian tsars. The Mordvin elite rapidly assumed Russian language and customs. In rural areas, Mordvin culture however was preserved. Russians started to convert Mordvins to Orthodox Christianity in mid-1700's. Mordvins gave up their own shamanist religion only slowly, however, and many of shamanist features were preserved as parts of local culture though the population became nominally christian. Translations of literature to Mordvin languages were mostly religious books. In 1700's, the Latin alphabet was used in writing Mordvin, but from the mid-1800's, cyrillic was used. Tsar Ivan the Terrible, by Viktor Vasnetsov. ... Orthodox Christianity is a generalized reference to the Eastern traditions of Christianity, as opposed to the Western traditions (which descend through, or alongside of, the Roman Catholic Church) or the Eastern Rite Catholic churches. ...


Part of the Soviet Union

During the Russian revolution and civil war, Mordovia was held mostly by opponents of Bolsheviks. When the Bolsheviks prevailed in the war, Mordovia became a part of the Soviet Union. In 1925, the Soviet government founded autonomous districts and village councils in the area of Mordvins. During the Soviet era, two written languages were developed: based on the Erzya dialect in 1922 and on the Moksha dialect in 1923, both using Cyrillic script. The autonomous district of Mordvins was founded on 16 July 1928 and it was elevated to autonomous area on 10 January 1930. The autonomous area was formed as the Autonomous Socialist Soviet Republic of Mordovia on 20 December 1934. The Mordvinian National Okrug was established on July 16, 1928. On January 10 it was transformed into Mordvinian Autonomous Oblast, then, on December 20, 1934, into Mordvinian ASSR. The Russian Revolution of 1917 was a series of political events in Russia, which, after the elimination of the Russian autocracy system, and the Provisional Government (Duma), resulted in the establishment of the Soviet power under the control of the Bolshevik party. ... The Russian Civil War was fought from 1918 to 1922. ... Leaders of the Bolshevik Party and the Communist International, a painting by Malcolm McAllister on the Pathfinder Mural in New York City and on the cover of the book Lenin’s Final Fight published by Pathfinder. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... Okrug is a term to denote administrative subdivision in some Slavic states. ... July 16 is the 197th day (198th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 168 days remaining. ... 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... January 10 is the 10th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Oblast (Czech: oblast, Slovak: oblasť, Russian and Ukrainian: , Belarusian: , Bulgarian: о́бласт) refers to a subnational entity in some countries. ... December 20 is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... In its final decades of its existence, the Soviet Union consisted of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics (SSR), often called simply Soviet republics. ...


Part of the Russian Federation

When the Soviet Union disintegrated, ASSR of Mordvins proclaimed itself the Republic of Mordovia in 1991, and remained a part of Federation of Russia. The Republic of Mordovia in its present form has existed since January 25, 1994. Motto: none Anthem: Hymn of the Russian Federation Capital Moscow Largest city Moscow Official language(s) Russian, many others in component republics Government Semi-presidential federation  - President Vladimir Putin  - Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov Independence From the Soviet Union   - Declared June 12, 1990   - Finalized December 26, 1991  Area    - Total 17,075... January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal. // Events January Bill Clinton January 1 : North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) goes into effect. ...


Politics

The head of government in the Republic of Mordovia is the Head of the Republic. As of 2004, the head of the republic is Nikolay Ivanovich Merkushkin, who was elected in February of 1998. 2004 is a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nikolay Ivanovich Merkushkin (Николай Иванович Меркушкин) (born February 5, 1951 in Novye Verkhissy, Mordovia) is the head of the Republic of Mordovia in Russia. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ...


Economy

The most developed industries are machine building, chemical, woodworking, and food industries. Most of the industrial enterprises are located in the capital Saransk, as well as in the towns of Kovylkino and Ruzayevka, and in the urban settlements of Chamzinka (Erzya: Chaunza) and the adjacent Komsomolsky.


Culture

There are many museums in Mordovia. The largest ones include the Mordovian Republican United Museum of Regional Studies and the Museum of Mordvinian Culture in Saransk.


The National Library of the Republic of Mordovia is the largest library in the republic.


The State Puppet Theater of the Republic of Mordovia, located in Saransk, is well-known in Russia. Most of the plays played in this theater are Russian fairy-tales.


Education

The most important facilities of higher education include Mordovian State University and Mordovian State Pedagogical Institute in Saransk. N. P. Ogarevs Mordovian State University (MSUO) is located in the city of Saransk, the capital of the Republic of Mordovia, Russia. ...


Religion

The prevailing confession is the Russian Orthodox Church. The Russian Orthodox Church (also known as the Orthodox Catholic Church of Russia) (Русская Православная церковь) is that body of Christians who are united under the Patriarch of Moscow, who in turn is in communion with the other patriarchs and primates of the Eastern Orthodox Church. ...


See also

Mordovia is a region of Russia. ...

External links

  • (Russian) Official website of the Republic of Mordovia.
  • (Russian) Official website of Mordovian State University.
  • (English) (Russian) (French) International Relations Office of Mordovian State University
  • (Russian) Official website of the National Library of the Republic of Mordovia
  • (Russian) Official website of the State Puppet Theater of the Republic of Mordovia.


Administrative subdivisions of Russia Flag of Russia
Federal subjects
Republics Adygeya | Altai | Bashkortostan | Buryatia | Chechnya | Chuvashia | Dagestan | Ingushetia | Kabardino-Balkaria | Karelia | Khakassia | Komi | Kalmykia | Karachay-Cherkessia | Mari El | Mordovia | North Ossetia-Alania | Sakha | Tatarstan | Tuva | Udmurtia
Krais Altai | Khabarovsk | Krasnodar | Krasnoyarsk1 | Perm | Primorsky | Stavropol
Oblasts Amur | Arkhangelsk | Astrakhan | Belgorod | Bryansk | Chelyabinsk | Chita | Irkutsk2 | Ivanovo | Kaliningrad | Kaluga | Kamchatka3 | Kemerovo | Kirov | Kostroma | Kurgan | Kursk | Leningrad | Lipetsk | Magadan | Moscow | Murmansk | Nizhny Novgorod | Novgorod | Novosibirsk | Omsk | Orenburg | Oryol | Penza | Pskov | Rostov | Ryazan | Sakhalin | Samara | Saratov | Smolensk | Sverdlovsk | Tambov | Tomsk | Tula | Tver | Tyumen | Ulyanovsk | Vladimir | Volgograd | Vologda | Voronezh | Yaroslavl
Federal cities Moscow | St. Petersburg
Autonomous oblast Jewish
Autonomous districts Aga Buryatia | Chukotka | Evenkia1 | Khantia-Mansia | Koryakia3 | Nenetsia | Taymyria1 | Ust-Orda Buryatia2 | Yamalia
  1. On 1 January 2007, Evenkia and Taymyria will be merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai.
  2. On 1 January 2008, Ust-Orda Buryatia will be merged into Irkutsk Oblast.
  3. On 1 July 2007, Kamchatka Oblast and Koryakia will merge to form Kamchatka Krai.
Federal districts
Central | Far Eastern | Northwestern | Siberian | Southern | Urals | Volga

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mordovia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (796 words)
The Republic of Mordovia (Russian: Респу́блика Мордо́вия; Moksha: Мордовскяй Республикась; Erzya: Мордовской Республикась) or Mordvinia is a federal subject of Russia (a republic).
During the Russian revolution and civil war, Mordovia was held mostly by opponents of Bolsheviks.
The head of government in the Republic of Mordovia is the Head of the Republic.
Republic of Mordovia (1015 words)
The Republic of Mordovia is located in the centre of the European part of Russia in the basin of the river Volga, at the crossroads of the most important routes from the Сentre to the Urals, Siberia, the Volga region, Kazakhstan and the Middle Asia.
Mordovia is surrounded by large cities and industrial centres – Nizhny Novgorod (330 km far), Kazan (400 km far), Samara (460 km far), Tolgliatti (460 km far), Penza (140 km far), Ryazan (460 km far).
The republic of Mordovia is a competent constituent entity of the Russian Federation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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