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Encyclopedia > Moravia
Flag of Moravia
Flag of Moravia

Moravia (Czech and Slovak: Morava; German: ) is a historical region in the east of the Czech Republic. It takes its name from the Morava River which rises in the northwest of the region. Image File history File links Unbalanced_scales. ... Moravia can refer to: Moravia, the southeastern part of the Czech Republic Great Moravia, a European state in the 9th century. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Moravia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Moravia. ... Image File history File links Mähren. ... The Morava (as it is called in Czech and Slovak languages) or the March (as it is known in German) is a river located in Central Europe. ...

Contents

Geography

Moravia in relation to the current regions of the Czech Republic.
Moravia-Silesia within Czechoslovakia in 1928.
Moravia-Silesia within Czechoslovakia in 1928.

Moravia occupies most of the eastern third of the Czech Republic including the South Moravian Region and the Zlín Region, as well as parts of the Moravian-Silesian, Olomouc, Pardubice, Vysočina and South Bohemian regions. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Czech Republic consists of 13 kraje (singular - kraj; usually translated as Regions with capital R) and one capital city (hlavní mÄ›sto), marked by a *: South Moravian Region (Jihomoravský kraj) Central Bohemian Region (StÅ™edočeský kraj) Hradec Králové Region (Královéhradecký kraj) Vysočina Region (Kraj... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1100x497, 89 KB)Map of Czechoslovakia (self made) Note: The provinces shown on the map were introduced by Act No. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1100x497, 89 KB)Map of Czechoslovakia (self made) Note: The provinces shown on the map were introduced by Act No. ... South Moravian Region (Czech: Jihomoravský kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the south-western part of its historical region of Moravia. ... Zlín Region (Czech: Zlínský kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the central-eastern part of its historical region of Moravia. ... , Official name: Moravskoslezský kraj Country Communes 21  - Bílovec  - Bohumín  - Bruntál  - ÄŒeský Těšín  - FrenÅ¡tát pod RadhoÅ¡tÄ›m  - Frýdek-Místek  - Frýdlant nad Ostravicí  - Hlučín  - Jablunkov  - Karviná  - KopÅ™ivnice  - KravaÅ™e  - Krnov  - Nový Jičín  - Odry  - Opava  - Orlová  - Ostrava  - RýmaÅ™ov... Olomouc Region (Czech: Olomoucký kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the north-western and central part of its historical region of Moravia (Morava) and in a small part of the historical region of Silesia (Slezsko). ... Pardubice Region (Czech: Pardubický kraj) is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located mainly in the eastern part of its historical region of Bohemia, with a small part in northwestern Moravia. ... Vysočina Region (Czech: kraj Vysočina), also known as Jihlava Region, is an administrative unit (Czech: kraj) of the Czech Republic, located in the south-eastern part of the historical region of Bohemia and partly in the south-west of the historical region of Moravia. ... South Bohemian Region (in Czech Jihočeský kraj) is an administrative unit (kraj) of the Czech Republic, located mostly in the southern part of its historical region of Bohemia, with a small part in southwestern Moravia. ...


In the north, Moravia borders Poland and Czech Silesia; in the east, Slovakia; in the south, Lower Austria; and in the west, Bohemia. Its northern boundary is formed by the Sudetes mountains which become the Carpathians in the east. The meandering Dyje flows through the border country with Austria and there is a protected area on both sides of the border in the area around Hardegg. ... Map of Lower Austria showing districts and the four quarters (Waldviertel in green, Weinviertel in red, Mostviertel in yellow and Industrieviertel in blue) Lower Austria (de: Niederösterreich) is one of the nine states or Bundesländer in Austria. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... A view from Zygmuntówka refuge, Góry Sowie Sněžka-Śnieżka Destroyed forest on the top of Wielka Sowa The Sudetes (IPA: ), also called Sudeten (in German; pronounced: ) or Sudety (pronounced in Czech, in Polish), are a mountain range in Central Europe. ... Satellite image of the Carpathians. ... The Thaya (Czech Dyje) is a river in Central Europe, tributary to the Morava. ... Hardegg is a town in the district of Hollabrunn in Lower Austria. ...


At the heart of the country lie the sedimentary basins of the Morava and the Dyje at a height of 180 to 250 m. In the west, the Bohemian-Moravian Heights rise to over 800 m although the highest mountain is in the north-west, the Praděd in the Sudetes at 1490 m. Further south lie the Jeseníky highlands (400 to 600 m) which fall to 310 m at the upper reaches of the River Oder (the Moravian Gate) near Hranice and then rise again as the Beskids to the 1322 m high Lysá hora. These three mountain ranges plus the "gate" between the latter two form part of the European Watershed. Moravia's eastern boundary is formed by the White Carpathians and Javorniky. The term sedimentary basin is used to refer to any geographical feature exhibiting subsidence and consequent infilling by sedimentation. ... PradÄ›d (German: ) (1491 meters) is the highest mountain of Hrubý Jeseník mountains and Moravia and its fifth highest mountain of Czech republic. ... The Oder (or Odra) River (German: Oder, Polish/Czech: Odra, Ancient Latin: Viadua, Viadrus, Medieval Latin: Odera, Oddera) is a river in Central Europe (mostly in Poland). ... Moravian Gate (Czech: , Polish: , German: ) is a geomorphological feature in Moravia, Czech Republic. ... Church in Hranice Hranice (IPA: , German: Weißkirchen, Mährisch Weißkirchen), sometimes also referred to as Hranice na MoravÄ› (), is a town in Moravia, the Czech Republic. ... Beskidy Mountains (Beskid Mountains, Beskidy, Beskydy, Beskids) is a series of Czech Republic, northwestern Slovakia, and southern Poland, along the border between Poland and the Czech Republic and Slovakia. ... Location of Lysá hora in the Czech Republic Lysá hora is a mountain in Beskydy Mountains range. ... The European Watershed is the line which divides the drainage basins of the major rivers of Germany; the Rhine river, which originates in the European Alps and empties into the North Sea via Holland, and the Danube River, which originates in the Black Forest and flows eastward emptying into the... The White Carpathian (Mountain)s (Czech: Bílé Karpaty; Slovak: Biele Karpaty) are mountains in the western part of the Carpathian Mountains. ...


Between 17821850, Moravia (also thus known as Moravia-Silesia) has also included a small portion of the former province of Silesia - the so-called Austrian Silesia (when Frederick the Great annexed most of ancient Silesia (the land of upper and middle Oder river) to Prussia, Silesia's southernmost part remained with the Habsburgs). 1782 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Silesia (English pronunciation [], Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Ślůnsk) is a historical region in central Europe, located along the upper and middle Oder River, upper Vistula River, and along the Sudetes, Carpathian (Silesian Beskids) mountain range. ... Silesia (Polish Śląsk, German Schlesien, Czech Slezsko) is a historical region in central Europe. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ...


Economy

In the south around Hodonín and Břeclav the land is part of the Viennese Basin and petroleum and lignite are drilled for in its deeper sediments. In the area around Ostrava there was intensive coal mining until around 1995. Iron, chemicals, leather and building materials are the main industrial goods. The main economic centres are Brno, Olomouc, Zlín and Ostrava. As well as other agriculture, Moravia is noted for its viticulture; it contains 94% of the Czech Republic's vineyards and is at the centre of the country's wine industry. Hodonín Hodonín is a town in southeast of Moravia, Czech Republic, Jihomoravský kraj region, on the Morava river. ... BÅ™eclav (German Lundenburg) is a town in the Czech Republic, southeast of Brno. ... The Viennese Basin (German: Wiener Becken, Czech: Vídenská kotlina, Slovak: Viedenská kotlina) is a tectonic basin between the Alps and the Carpathian Mountains. ... Petro redirects here. ... Strip mining lignite at Garzweiler, Germany Lignite, often referred to as brown coal, is the lowest rank of coal and used almost exclusively as fuel for steam-electric power generation. ... Surface coal mining in Wyoming in the United States of America. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region South Moravia Founded 1146 Area  - city 230. ... town hall with astronomical clock Olomouc (German Olmütz, Polish OÅ‚omuniec, Latin Eburum or Olomucium) is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic. ... Czech Republic Zlín (Zlínský) Zlín 118. ... , Country Region Little District Parts 16  - Moravská Ostrava a Přívoz  - Hošťálkovice  - Hrabová  - Ostrava-Jih  - Krásné Pole  - Lhotka  - Mariánské Hory a Hulváky  - Martinov  - Michálkovice  - Nová BÄ›lá  - Nová Ves  - PetÅ™kovice  - Plesná  - Polanka nad Odrou  - Poruba  - Proskovice Center Masarykovo námÄ›stí  - elevation 260 m... wine grapes Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) is the science, production and study of grapes which deals with the series of events that occur in the vineyard. ... Many regions of the Czech Republic have large wine producing areas. ...


History

Coat of Arms of Moravia
Coat of Arms of Moravia
See also: March of Moravia

Around 60 BC the Celtic Boii people withdrew from the region and were succeeded in turn by the Germanic Quadi and in the sixth century the Slavic tribes. At the end of the eighth century the Moravian Principality came into being in present-day south-eastern Moravia, Záhorie in south-western Slovakia and parts of Lower Austria. In 833 this became the state of Great Moravia with the conquest of the Principality of Nitra (present-day Slovakia; from 10. century into 1918 part of the Kingdom of Hungary). Their first king was Mojmir I (ruled 830-846). Second ruler of the Great Moravia was St. Rastislav (846-870) who tried to emancipate his land from the Carolingian influence, so he sent his envoys to the Rome for the missionaries and when refused he turned to the Constantinople to the Byzantine emperor Michal. The result was the mission of St. Konstantin and Methodius who translated liturgical books into the Slavonic language which was lately elevated by the pope on the level with the Latin and Greek. Methodius became the first Moravian archbishop. But after his death the German influence again prevailed and the disciples of Methodius were forced to escape. So the German destroyed the unique situation which anticipated the II. Vatican Council by several centuries. Great Moravia reached its greatest territorial extent in the 890s under Svatopluk I. At this time, the empire encompassed the territory of the present-day Czech Republic and Slovakia, the western part of present Hungary (Pannonia), as well as Lusatia in present-day Germany and Silesia and the upper Vistula basin in southern Poland. After Svatopluk's death in 895, the Bohemian princes defected to become vassals of the East Frankish ruler Arnulf of Carinthia, and the Moravian state ceased to exist after being overrun by invading Magyars in 906-7. Image File history File links Moravia. ... Image File history File links Moravia. ... Coat of Arms of Moravia The March or Margraviate of Moravia, sometimes called the Bohemian march within the Holy Roman Empire, was a marcher state, sometimes de facto independent and varyingly within the power of the Empire or the Duchy and later Kingdom of Bohemia. ... Gaius Julius Caesar suppressed an uprising and conquered all of Lusitania for Rome Creation of the First Triumvirate, an informal political alliance between Julius Caesar, Pompey the Great and Marcus Licinius Crassus (or 59 BC) the Seleucid Kingdom comes to an end with the last two Emopors being murdered on... This article is about the European people. ... Boii (Latin plural, singular Boius; Greek Βοιοι) is the Roman name of an ancient Celtic tribe, attested at various times in Transalpine Gaul (modern France) and Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy), as well as in Pannonia (today Western Hungary), Bohemia, Moravia and western Slovakia. ... The term Germanic tribes (or Teutonic tribes) applies to the ancient Germanic peoples of Europe. ... The Quadi were a smaller Germanic tribe, about which little definitive information is known. ... The 6th century is the period from 501 - 600 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Distribution of Slavic people by language The Slavic peoples are a linguistic and ethnic branch of Indo-European peoples, living mainly in Europe, where they constitute roughly a third of the population. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... Záhorie is a (non-administrative) region in Slovakia situated between the Little Carpathians and the borders between Slovakia, Czechia, and Austria. ... Events End of the reign of caliph Al-Mamun Nimmyo succeeds Junna as emperor of Japan Creation of Great Moravia Births Deaths October 10 - al-Mamun, Abbasid caliph of Baghdad Categories: 833 ... Great Moravia was an empire existing in Central Europe between 833 and the early 10th century. ... The Principality of Nitra or Nitrian Principality (Slovak: Nitrianske kniežatstvo, Nitriansko, Nitrava) was a principality in what is today Slovakia and some adjacent territories in present-day Hungary in the Middle Ages. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mojmír I or Moymir I (* c. ... Svatopluk (-modern Czech name; modern Slovak name: Svätopluk; Old Slavic Свѧтопълкъ; reconstructed name: Sventopluk; some names in Latin texts: Suentopolcus, Zventopluk, Suatopluk, Zwentibald) (around 830 - 894) from the Mojmírs dynasty was the prince of the Nitrian principality (850s - 871) and then the king of Great Moravia (871 - 894). ... For other uses, see Pannonia (disambiguation). ... Lusatia (German: , Upper Sorbian: , Lower Sorbian: , Polish: , Czech: ) is a historical region between the Bóbr and Kwisa rivers and the Elbe river in the eastern German states of Saxony and Brandenburg, south-western Poland (Lower Silesian Voivodeship) and the northern Czech Republic. ... Silesia (English pronunciation [], Czech: ; German: ; Latin: ; Polish: ; Silesian: Åšlůnsk) is a historical region in central Europe, located along the upper and middle Oder River, upper Vistula River, and along the Sudetes, Carpathian (Silesian Beskids) mountain range. ... For other uses, see Vistula (disambiguation). ... Later romantic portrait of Arnulf. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Following the defeat of the Magyars by Emperor Otto I at the Battle of Lechfeld in 955, Otto's ally Boleslaus I, the Přemyslid ruler of Bohemia, received Moravia. Boleslaus I of Poland annexed Moravia in 999, and ruled it until 1019, when the Přemyslid prince Bretislaus recaptured it. Upon his father's death in 1035, Bretislaus also became the ruler of Bohemia. In 1054, Bretislaus decreed that the Bohemian and Moravians lands would be inherited together by primogeniture, although he also provided that his younger sons should govern parts of Moravia as vassals to his oldest son. For others with the same name, see Otto I (disambiguation). ... Belligerents East Francia Magyars Commanders Otto the Great harka Bulcsú; chieftains Lél and Súr Strength 10,000 heavy cavalry 50,000 light cavalry Casualties and losses about 3,500 about 30,000 fell in the battle about 5,000 killed by local farmers maybe 5,000 fleeing Magyars... Boleslav (or Boleslaus) I the Cruel (? - 972), was the Duke of Bohemia from 929 or 935 to July 15, 972. ... PÅ™emyslid coat of arms. ... Flag of Bohemia Bohemia (Czech: ; German: ) is a historical region in central Europe, occupying the western and middle thirds of the Czech Republic. ... Reign From 992 until 1025 Coronation On April 18, 1025 in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland Royal House Piast Coat of Arms OrzeÅ‚ Piastowski Parents Mieszko I Dubrawka Consorts Rikdaga Judith Enmilda Oda Children with Judith Bezprym with Enmilda Regelina Mieszko II Lambert Otton with Oda Matylda Date of Birth 966/967... BÅ™etislav the Bohemian Achilles (b. ... Primogeniture is the common law right of the first born son to inherit the entire estate, to the exclusion of younger siblings. ...


Throughout the Přemyslid era, junior princes often ruled all or part of Moravia from Olomouc, Brno, or Znojmo, with varying degrees of autonomy from the ruler of Bohemia. Moravia reached its height of autonomy in 1182, when Emperor Frederick I elevated Moravia to the status of a margraviate (or mark), immediately subject to the emperor, independent of Bohemia. This status was short-lived: in 1197, Vladislaus III of Bohemia resolved the succession dispute between him and his brother Ottokar by abdicating from the Bohemian throne and accepting the margraviate of Moravia as a vassal of Bohemia. town hall with astronomical clock Olomouc (German Olmütz, Polish OÅ‚omuniec, Latin Eburum or Olomucium) is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic. ... Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region South Moravia Founded 1146 Area  - city 230. ... Location of Znojmo in the Czech Republic Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region South Moravia District Znojmo Founded 1055 Mayor Pavel Balík (KDU-ÄŒSL) Area    - City 65,93 km² Elevation 290 m Population    - City (2005) 35 177 Postal code 669 02 Website: http://www. ... Frederick Barbarossa in a 13th century chronicle. ... Margrave (Latin: marchio) is the English and French form (recorded since 1551) of the German title Markgraf (from Mark march and Graf count) and certain equivalent nobiliary (princely) titles in other languages. ... Mark or march (or various plural forms of these words) are derived from the Frankish word marka (boundary) and refer to a border region, e. ... Vladislaus III Henry (Czech: Vladislav JindÅ™ich) (died August 12, 1222) was the youngest son of Vladislaus II and younger brother of Ottkar I. On June 22, 1197, he was elected Duke of Bohemia. ... Image:Plat p20 lic 20l. ...


Since then, Moravia has shared its history with Bohemia. The Přemyslid dynasty became extinct in 1306, and in 1310, John of Luxembourg became king of Bohemia. Moravia and Bohemia remained within the Luxembourg dynasty of Holy Roman kings and emperors, until inherited by Albert II of Habsburg in 1437. PÅ™emyslid coat of arms. ... John the Blind of Luxemburg (August 10, 1296 - August 26, 1346) was King of Bohemia and Count of Luxemburg. ... The House of Luxembourg was a medieval Holy Roman Empire noble family. ... Albert II Habsburg (August 10, 1397 - October 27, 1439), German ruler, king of Bohemia and Hungary, and (as Albert V) duke of Austria, was born on August 10, 1397, the son of Albert IV of Habsburg, duke of Austria. ...


In the course of the Hussite wars, the Habsburgs lost control of Bohemia and Moravia, and the Czech lands were temporarily divided. The Hussite George of Podebrady was elected king of Bohemia in 1458. In 1466, Pope Paul II excommunicated George and forbade all Catholics from continuing to serve him, and in 1469, Matthias Corvinus, king of Hungary, conquered Moravia. Moravia was reunited with Bohemia in 1490 when Vladislaus Jagellion, who had succeeded George as king of Bohemia in 1471, then also succeeded Matthias as king of Hungary. In 1526, Vladislaus' son Louis died in battle, and the Habsburg Ferdiand I was elected king of Bohemia. Moravia remained with Bohemia as a Habsburg possession until the end of World War I. Crusades First – Peoples – German – 1101 – Second – Third – Fourth – Albigensian – Childrens – Fifth – Sixth – Seventh – Shepherds – Eighth – Ninth – Aragonese – Alexandrian – Nicopolis – Northern – Hussite – Varna – Otranto Hussite Wars Nekmer - SudomÄ•Å™ – Vítkov – VyÅ¡ehrad – Nebovidy - NÄ›mecký Brod – HoÅ™ice – Ústí nad Labem – Tachov – Lipany – Grotniki The Hussite Wars, also called... George of Podebrady - statue in KunÅ¡tát (Czech Republic). ... Paul II, cardinal-nephew of Eugene IV, who was cardinal-nephew of Gregory XII. Paul II (February 23, 1417 – July 26, 1471), born Pietro Barbo, was Pope from 1464 until his death in 1471. ... Matthias Corvinus (Mátyás in Hungarian), (February 23, 1443 (?) - April 6, 1490) was one of the greatest Kings of Hungary, ruling between 1458 and 1490. ... Ladislaus II (Czech: Vladislav) (c. ... Louis Jagellion was born in 1506 as the son of (V)Ladislaus Jagiello, who died in 1516. ... Ferdinand in 1531, the year of his election as King of the Romans Ferdinand I (10 March 1503 – 25 July 1564) was an Austrian monarch from the House of Habsburg. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


Until 1641 Moravia's capital was the centrally-located Olomouc, but after its capture by the Swedes it moved to the larger city of Brno which resisted the invaders successfully. The Margraviate of Moravia had its own diet – zemský sněm (Landtag in German), whose deputies were elected (from 1905 onward) in ethnically separate German and Czech constituencies. Events The Long Parliament passes a series of legislation designed to contain Charles Is absolutist tendencies. ... town hall with astronomical clock Olomouc (German Olmütz, Polish OÅ‚omuniec, Latin Eburum or Olomucium) is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic. ... Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region South Moravia Founded 1146 Area  - city 230. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ...


Following the break-up of the Austro-Hungarian Empire in 1918, Moravia became part of Czechoslovakia (and was part of the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia during the German occupation of Czechoslovakia in World War II). In 1945 the ethnic German minority of Moravia were expelled. (See Expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia after World War II). With the break up of Czechoslovakia, Moravia became a part of the Czech Republic in 1993. Official languages Latin, German, Hungarian Established church Roman Catholic Capital & Largest City Vienna pop. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Capital Prague Language(s) Czech, German Political structure Protectorate Reichsprotektor  - 1939-1941 Konstantin von Neurath  - 1941-1942 Reinhard Heydrich (acting)  - 1942-1943 Kurt Daluege (acting)  - 1943-1945 Wilhelm Frick Staatspräsident  - 1939-1945 Emil Hácha Historical era World War II  - Occupation March 15, 1939  - Fall of Prague May 13... == On the same day, Hitler met with Chamberlain at Berchtesgaden and demanded the swift return of the Sudetenland to the Third Reich under threat of war. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The expulsion of Germans from Czechoslovakia after World War II was part of a series of expulsions of Germans from Central and Eastern Europe after World War II. Before the 1938 German annexation of the Sudetenland, roughly 20% of the population in Czechoslovakia had been ethnic Germans. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...


Cities

Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region South Moravia Founded 1146 Area  - city 230. ... town hall with astronomical clock Olomouc (German Olmütz, Polish OÅ‚omuniec, Latin Eburum or Olomucium) is a city in Moravia, in the east of the Czech Republic. ... Czech Republic Zlín (Zlínský) Zlín 118. ... Location of PÅ™erov in the Czech Republic PÅ™erov (IPA: ) is a city in Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. ... ProstÄ›jov (-Czech, German: Prossnitz) is a city in the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic. ... TÅ™ebíč is a city in the Vysočina Region of the Czech Republic with a populate of approximately 40,000. ... Jihlava â–¶(?) (German Iglau) is a city in the Czech Republic. ... Kroměříž (-Czech; German: Kremsier) is a city in the Zlín Region of the Czech Republic. ... Location of Znojmo in the Czech Republic Coordinates: Country Czech Republic Region South Moravia District Znojmo Founded 1055 Mayor Pavel Balík (KDU-ÄŒSL) Area    - City 65,93 km² Elevation 290 m Population    - City (2005) 35 177 Postal code 669 02 Website: http://www. ... , Country Region Little District Parts 16  - Moravská Ostrava a Přívoz  - Hošťálkovice  - Hrabová  - Ostrava-Jih  - Krásné Pole  - Lhotka  - Mariánské Hory a Hulváky  - Martinov  - Michálkovice  - Nová BÄ›lá  - Nová Ves  - PetÅ™kovice  - Plesná  - Polanka nad Odrou  - Poruba  - Proskovice Center Masarykovo námÄ›stí  - elevation 260 m... Location of Frýdek-Místek in the Czech Republic Frýdek-Místek is a city in Moravian-Silesian Region of the Czech Republic. ...

People

Male and female Moravian Slovak costumes worn during the Jízda králů Festival held annually in the village of Vlčnov in southeastern Moravia.
Male and female Moravian Slovak costumes worn during the Jízda králů Festival held annually in the village of Vlčnov in southeastern Moravia.

The Moravians are a Slavic ethnic group who speak various dialects of Czech. Some Moravians regard themselves as an ethnically distinct group; others consider themselves to be ethnically Czech. In the census of 1991, 1,362,000 (13.2%) of the Czech population described themselves as being of Moravian nationality. In the census of 2001, this number had decreased to 380,000 (3.7% of the population). This article deals with the modern national/ethnic group. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ...


Moravia historically had a minority of ethnic Germans, although they were largely expelled after World War II. Ethnic Germans (German: ), also collectively referred to as the German diaspora, are those who are considered, by themselves or others, to be of German origin ethnically, do not live within the present-day Federal Republic of Germany, nor necessarily hold its citizenship. ...


Notable people from Moravia include:

Portrait of Comenius by Rembrandt John Amos Comenius (Czech: ; German: ; Polish: ; latinized: Iohannes Amos Comenius) (March 28, 1592 – November 15, 1670) was a Czech teacher, scientist, educator, and writer. ... František Palacký (June 14, 1798 Hodslavice, Moravia, today Czech Republic – May 26, 1876), Czech historian and politician. ... Czechs (Czech: ) are a western Slavic people of Central Europe, living predominantly in the Czech Republic. ... Heinrich Wilhelm Ernst (born January 1814 in Brünn (Moravia); died October 8, 1865 in Nice) was a Moravian-Jewish violinist and composer. ... “Mendel” redirects here. ... This article is about the general scientific term. ... Ernst Mach Ernst Mach (February 18, 1838 – February 19, 1916) was an Austrian-Czech physicist and philosopher and is the namesake for the Mach number and the optical illusion known as Mach bands. ... Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, portrait by Josef Jindřich Šechtl, 1918 Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (IPA: ), sometimes called Thomas Masaryk in English, (March 7, 1850 - September 14, 1937) was an advocate of Czechoslovak independence during WW I and became the first President of Czechoslovakia. ... Leoš Janáček in 1928 Leoš Janáček ( ; July 3, 1854 in Hukvaldy, Moravia, then Austrian empire – August 12, 1928 in Ostrava, then Czechoslovakia) was a Czech composer. ... Sigmund Freud (IPA: ), born Sigismund Schlomo Freud (May 6, 1856 – September 23, 1939), was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. ... Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (April 8, 1859 – April 26, 1938) was a German philosopher, known as the father of phenomenology. ... Mucha redirects here. ... The Hell Gate Bridge circa 1917. ... Karl Renner Monument to Karl Renner next to the Austrian Parliament, Ringstraße, Vienna, Austria Karl Renner (December 14, 1870 - December 31, 1950) was an Austrian politician. ... Tradition The Friends of Nature organisation was founded in Vienna in 1895. ... Tomáš Baťa (born April 3, 1876 in Zlín, Moravia - July 12, 1932) was the founder of Bata Shoe Organization, one of the worlds biggest multinational retailer, manufacturer and distributor of footwear and accessories. ... Joseph Schumpeter Joseph Alois Schumpeter (February 8, 1883 – January 8, 1950) was an economist from Austria and an influential political scientist. ... George Placzek (September 26, 1905 - October 9, 1955) was a Czech physicist. ... This article is about the World War II nuclear project. ... Kurt Gödel (IPA: ) (April 28, 1906 Brünn, Austria-Hungary (now Brno, Czech Republic) – January 14, 1978 Princeton, New Jersey) was an Austrian American mathematician and philosopher. ... Milan Kundera (IPA: ) (born April 1, 1929 in Brno, Czechoslovakia) is a Czech-born writer who writes in both Czech and French. ... Sir Tom Stoppard, OM, CBE (born as Tomáš Straussler on July 3, 1937)[1] is an Academy Award winning British playwright of more than 24 plays. ...

Other

  • Moravia is also known for producing the world's thinnest biscuit, Moravian Spice Cookies.[citation needed]
  • There is a little competitiveness between Moravians and Bohemians, but very mild and more in the way of being a source of humour than animosity.
  • The most noticeable difference between Moravia and Bohemia is the spoken language. While in Bohemia most of the people speak middle-bohemian dialect, there are plenty of different dialects in Moravia.

Moravian Spice Cookie From the old country of Moravia comes this original recipe whose origins have been traced back to the 1700s. ...

Sources

  • Moravia - Czech Republic
  • Róna-Tas, András (1999) Hungarians & Europe in the Early Middle Ages: An Introduction to Early Hungarian History translated by Nicholas Bodoczky, Central European University Press, Budapest, ISBN 963-9116-48-3 ;
  • Kirschbaum, Stanislav J. (1996) A History of Slovakia: The Struggle for Survival St. Martin's Press, New York, ISBN 0-312-16125-5 ;
Much of the content of this article comes from the equivalent German-language Wikipedia article as of August 29, 2005.
  • Constantine Porphyrogenitus De Administrando Imperio edited by Gy. Moravcsik, translated by R.J.H. Jenkins, Dumbarton Oaks Edition, Washington D.C. (1993) p. 181

is the 241st day of the year (242nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

German South Moravia (German: ; Czech: ) is a historical region in Czechia. ... Moravian Vlach from Brumov, 1787 Moravian Wallachia (Czech: Valašsko) is a mountainous region located in the easternmost part of Moravia, Czech Republic, near the Slovakian border. ... Moravian Slovakia or Hungarian Moravia is a cultural region in easternmost parts of today Czech Republic, known for its characteristic folklore, music, wine, costumes and traditions. ...

External links

  • Welcome to Olomouc, city of good cheer... English, Deutsch, Français, Español, Italiano, polski (Polish), po russki (Russian), Nihongo (Japanese), Hanyu (Chinese)
  • Moravia


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