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Encyclopedia > Mood stabilizer

A mood stabilizer is a psychiatric medication used to treat mood disorders characterized by rapid and unstable mood shifts. These disorders include bipolar disorder, where mood stablizers suppress swings between mania and depression, and borderline personality disorder. Most mood stabilizers are anticonvulsants, with the important exception of lithium. Psychopharmacology is the study of the effects of any psychoactive drug that acts upon the mind by affecting brain chemistry. ... A mood disorder is a condition whereby the prevailing emotional mood is distorted or inappropriate to the circumstances. ... This article is in need of attention. ... This article is about the medical condition. ... Clinical depression is a state of sadness or melancholia that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individuals social functioning and/or activities of daily living. ... Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is defined within psychiatry, and some other fields, as a disorder characterized primarily by emotional dysregulation, extreme black and white thinking in some areas, and disrupted relationships. ... The anticonvulsants, sometimes also called antiepileptics, belong to a diverse group of pharmaceuticals used in prevention of the occurrence of epileptic seizures. ...


Mood stabilizers include:

Sometimes mood stabilizers are used in combination, such as lithium with one of the anticonvulsants. Lithium salts are chemical salts of lithium used as mood stabilizing drugs, primarily in the treatment of bipolar disorder, depression, and mania; but also in treating schizophrenia. ... The United States Food and Drug Administration is the government agency responsible for regulating food, dietary supplements, drugs, cosmetics, medical devices, biologics and blood products in the United States. ... Therapeutic drug monitoring is a branch of clinical chemistry that specialises in the measurement of medication levels in blood. ... Ataxia (from Greek ataxiā, meaning failure to put in order) is unsteady and clumsy motion of the limbs or trunk due to a failure of the gross coordination of muscle movements. ... Valproic acid or 2-Propylpentanoic acid is CH3CH2CH2CH(CH2CH2CH3)COOH . ... Abbott Laboratories NYSE: ABT is a pharmaceuticals and health care company. ... Valproate semisodium (INN) or divalproex sodium (USAN) consists of a compound of sodium valproate and valproic acid in a 1:1 molar relationship in an enteric coated form. ... Abbott Laboratories NYSE: ABT is a pharmaceuticals and health care company. ... Sodium valproate (INN) or valproate sodium (USAN) is the sodium salt of valproic acid and is an anticonvulsant used in the treatment of epilepsy. ... Abbott Laboratories NYSE: ABT is a pharmaceuticals and health care company. ... Liver function tests (LFTs or LFs), which include liver enzymes, are groups of clinical biochemistry laboratory blood assays designed to give a doctor or other health professional information about the state of a patients liver. ... A full blood count (FBC) or complete blood count (CBC) is a test requested by a doctor or other medical professional that gives information about the cells in a patients blood. ... Therapeutic drug monitoring is a branch of clinical chemistry that specialises in the measurement of medication levels in blood. ... Lamotrigine (marketed as Lamictal by GlaxoSmithKline) is an anticonvulsant drug used in the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder. ... GlaxoSmithKline plc (LSE: GSK NYSE: GSK) is a British based pharmaceutical, biologicals, and healthcare company. ... Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a severe and potentially life-threatening (15% of cases) disease, it is a hypersensitivity complex affecting the skin and the mucous membranes, a severe expression of erythema multiforme (EM) (and so SJS is also called erythema multiforme major). ... Carbamazepine (sold under the brand-names Biston, Calepsin, Carbatrol, Epitol, Equetro, Finlepsin, Sirtal, Stazepine, Tegretol, Telesmin, Timonil) is an anticonvulsant and mood stabilizing drug, used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder. ... Novartis International AG is a multinational pharmaceutical company based in Basel, Switzerland. ... A full blood count (FBC) or complete blood count (CBC) is a test requested by a doctor or other medical professional that gives information about the cells in a patients blood. ... White Blood Cells redirects here. ... Therapeutic drug monitoring is a branch of clinical chemistry that specialises in the measurement of medication levels in blood. ... Gabapentin (brand name: Neurontin®) is an anticonvulsant medication indicated in the treatment of epilepsy and neuropathic pain. ... Pfizer, Incorporated (NYSE: PFE), is a global pharmaceutical company, with headquarters in New York City. ... Oxcarbazepine (Marketed as Trileptal® by Novartis) is an anticonvulsant and mood stabilizing drug, used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder. ... Novartis International AG is a multinational pharmaceutical company based in Basel, Switzerland. ... Topiramate (brand name: Topamax®) is an anticonvulsant drug produced by Ortho-McNeil, a division of Johnson & Johnson. ... Johnson & Johnson (NYSE: JNJ) is an international Pharmaceutical and Medical Devices manufacturer founded in 1885. ...


Many antipsychotics also have mood stabilizing effects and are thus commonly prescribed even when psychotic symptoms are absent. It is also conjectured that Omega-3 fatty acids may have a mood stabilizing effect. However, more research is needed to verify this (a multi-year study of this is now being carried out as of 2001). The term antipsychotic is applied to a group of drugs used to treat psychosis. ... This article is about the mental state. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Most mood stabilizers are effective at treating mania and mood cycling and shifting, but are not very effective at treating depression (with lamotrigine an exception). Often, an antidepressant is prescribed in addition to the mood stabilizer during depressive phases. However this brings some risks, as antidepressants can induce mania, psychosis, and other disturbing problems in bipolar patients, particularly when taken alone, but sometimes even when used with a mood stabilizer. This article is about the medical condition. ... Clinical depression is a state of sadness or melancholia that has advanced to the point of being disruptive to an individuals social functioning and/or activities of daily living. ... Lamotrigine (marketed as Lamictal by GlaxoSmithKline) is an anticonvulsant drug used in the treatment of epilepsy and bipolar disorder. ... An antidepressant is a medication designed to treat or alleviate the symptoms of clinical depression. ... This article is about the medical condition. ... This article is about the mental state. ... This article is in need of attention. ...


References

  • Manic-Depressive Illness by Frederick K. Goodwin and Kay Redfield Jamison.

External links

  • Bipolar Medications - The Mood Stabilizers

 
 

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