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Encyclopedia > Monty Python
Monty Python
The Python teamBack row: Graham Chapman, Eric Idle, Terry Gilliam. Front row: Terry Jones, John Cleese, Michael Palin
The Python team
Back row: Graham Chapman, Eric Idle, Terry Gilliam.
Front row: Terry Jones, John Cleese, Michael Palin
Medium Television, Film, Theatre,
Audio Recordings Books
Nationality British (5 members)
British, formerly American (1 member)[1]
Years active 1969-1983
Genres Sketch comedy, Surreal humour
Influences The Goons, Spike Milligan
Influenced Virtually all of later British comedy; Douglas Adams and Eddie Izzard are widely seen as their most direct heirs.
Notable works and roles Monty Python's Flying Circus (1969-1974)
And Now for Something Completely Different (1971)
Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975)
Monty Python's Life of Brian (1979)
Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl (1982)
Monty Python's The Meaning of Life (1983)
Members Graham Chapman
John Cleese
Terry Gilliam
Eric Idle
Terry Jones
Michael Palin
Website PythOnline

Monty Python, or The Pythons,[2][3] is the collective name of the creators of Monty Python's Flying Circus, a British television comedy sketch show that first aired on the BBC on 5 October 1969. A total of 45 episodes were made over four series. The Python phenomenon developed from the original television series into something much larger in scope and impact, spawning touring stage shows, five theatrically-released films, numerous albums, several books and a spin-off stage musical, and launching the members on to individual stardom. Image File history File links Flyingcircus_2. ... Dr. Graham Arthur Chapman (January 8, 1941 – October 4, 1989) was an English comedian, actor, writer, physician and one of the six members of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... Eric Idle (born March 29, 1943) is an English comedian, actor, author and composer of comedic songs. ... Terrence Vance Gilliam (born November 22, 1940) is an American-born British filmmaker, animator, and member of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... Terence Graham Parry Jones (born in Colwyn Bay, Wales, on February 1, 1942) is a British comedian, screenwriter and actor, film director, childrens author, popular historian, political commentator and TV documentary host. ... Cleese redirects here. ... Michael Edward Palin, CBE (born 5 May 1943) is an English comedian, actor, writer and television presenter best known for being one of the members of the comedy group Monty Python and for his travel documentaries. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... Serge Sudeikins poster for the Bat Theatre (1922). ... “Sound recorder” redirects here. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... Comedy may be divided into multiple genres based on the source of humour, the method of delivery, and the context in which it is delivered. ... Sketch Show redirects here. ... This photograph, a cow with antlers standing on a pole, is an example of surreal humour. ... The Goons are a small internet community. ... Terence Alan Milligan KBE (16 April 1918–27 February 2002), known as Spike Milligan, was an Irish comedian, writer, musician, poet and playwright. ... British Comedy, in film, radio and television, is known for its consistently quirky characters, plots and settings, and has produced some of the most famous and memorable comic actors and characters in the last fifty years. ... Douglas Noël Adams (11 March 1952 – 11 May 2001) was an English author, comic radio dramatist, and musician. ... Edward John Eddie Izzard (born February 7, 1962) is an English[1] stand-up comedian and actor, known for his cross-dressing. ... This article is about the television series. ... And Now For Something Completely Different is a film spinoff from the television comedy series Monty Pythons Flying Circus featuring favourite sketches from the first two seasons. ... Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 film written and performed by the comedy group Monty Python (Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin), and directed by Gilliam and Jones. ... Monty Pythons Life of Brian is a 1979 comedy written and performed by the Monty Python comedy team. ... Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl is a 1982 film in which the Monty Python team perform many of their greatest sketches and skits in the Hollywood Bowl, including a couple of pre-Python ones. ... The Meaning of Life was a Monty Python comedy film made in 1983. ... Dr. Graham Arthur Chapman (January 8, 1941 – October 4, 1989) was an English comedian, actor, writer, physician and one of the six members of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... Cleese redirects here. ... Terrence Vance Gilliam (born November 22, 1940) is an American-born British filmmaker, animator, and member of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... Eric Idle (born March 29, 1943) is an English comedian, actor, author and composer of comedic songs. ... Terence Graham Parry Jones (born in Colwyn Bay, Wales, on February 1, 1942) is a British comedian, screenwriter and actor, film director, childrens author, popular historian, political commentator and TV documentary host. ... Michael Edward Palin, CBE (born 5 May 1943) is an English comedian, actor, writer and television presenter best known for being one of the members of the comedy group Monty Python and for his travel documentaries. ... This article is about the television series. ... A comedy is a dramatic performance of a light and amusing character, usually with a happy conclusion to its plot. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Also: 1969 (number) 1969 (movie) 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... A television program (US), television programme (UK) or simply television show is a segment of programming in television broadcasting. ... This article is about motion pictures. ... An album or record album is a collection of related audio or music tracks distributed to the public. ... For other uses, see Book (disambiguation). ...


The television series, broadcast by the BBC from 1969 to 1974, was conceived, written and performed by Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin. Loosely structured as a sketch show but with an innovative stream-of-consciousness approach (aided by Terry Gilliam's animations), it pushed the boundaries of what was then considered acceptable, both in terms of style and content. For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Dr. Graham Arthur Chapman (January 8, 1941 – October 4, 1989) was an English comedian, actor, writer, physician and one of the six members of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... Cleese redirects here. ... Terrence Vance Gilliam (born November 22, 1940) is an American-born British filmmaker, animator, and member of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... Eric Idle (born March 29, 1943) is an English comedian, actor, author and composer of comedic songs. ... Terence Graham Parry Jones (born in Colwyn Bay, Wales, on February 1, 1942) is a British comedian, screenwriter and actor, film director, childrens author, popular historian, political commentator and TV documentary host. ... Michael Edward Palin, CBE (born 5 May 1943) is an English comedian, actor, writer and television presenter best known for being one of the members of the comedy group Monty Python and for his travel documentaries. ... Sketch Show redirects here. ... In literary criticism, stream of consciousness is a literary technique that seeks to portray an individuals point of view by giving the written equivalent of the characters thought processes, either in a loose interior monologue, or in connection to his or her sensory reactions to external occurrences. ... The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ...


The group's influence on comedy has often been compared to The Beatles' influence on music.[4][5] A self-contained comedy team responsible for both writing and performing their work, they changed the way performers entertained audiences. The Pythons' creative control allowed them to experiment with form and content, discarding the established rules of television comedy. Their influence on British comedy of all kinds has been apparent for many years, while in America it has coloured the work of many cult performers from the early editions of Saturday Night Live through to more recent absurdist trends in television comedy. 'Pythonesque' has entered the English lexicon as a result. The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... For other uses, see Music (disambiguation). ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... This article is about the American television series. ... This photograph, a cow with antlers standing on a pole, is an example of surreal humour. ...


There are differing accounts of the origins of the Python name although the members agree that its only 'significance' was that they thought it sounded funny. In the 1998 documentary Live At Aspen the group implied that 'Monty' was selected as a gently-mocking tribute to Field Marshal Lord Montgomery, a legendary British general of World War II; requiring a "slippery-sounding" surname, they settled on 'Python'. On other occasions Idle has claimed that the name 'Monty' was that of a popular and rotund fellow who drank in his local pub; people would often walk in and ask the barman, "Has Monty been in yet?", forcing the name to become stuck in his mind. These explanations aside, some believe[attribution needed] that 'Monty Bodkin', the name of a character in several books by humourist P. G. Wodehouse, served on some level as an inspiration. Note: This article is about the military usage of the word marshal. For other usages, see the end of this article. ... Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, KG, GCB, DSO, PC (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), often referred to as Monty, was a British Army officer. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Montague Monty Bodkin, also referred to as Montrose, is a character from the dossiers of P.G. Wodehouse. ... Sir Pelham Grenville Wodehouse, KBE (15 October 1881 – 14 February 1975) (IPA: ) was a comic writer who has enjoyed enormous popular success for more than seventy years. ...


In a 2005 poll to find The Comedian's Comedian, three of the six members were voted among the top 50 greatest comedians ever, by fellow comedians and comedy insiders. Palin was at number 30, Idle was voted 21st and Cleese was at two, just beaten to the top by Peter Cook. For other persons named Peter Cook, see Peter Cook (disambiguation). ...

Contents

Before Monty Python

Cleese and Chapman in At Last the 1948 Show.
Cleese and Chapman in
At Last the 1948 Show.
Jones, Palin, Idle (back row) with Denise Coffey and David Jason
in Do Not Adjust Your Set.

Palin and Jones first met at Oxford University, while Cleese and Chapman met at Cambridge. Idle was also at Cambridge, but started a year after Cleese and Chapman. Cleese met Gilliam in New York while on tour with the Cambridge University Footlights revue Cambridge Circus (originally entitled A Clump of Plinths). John Cleese and Graham Chapman from At Last the 1948 Show. ... John Cleese and Graham Chapman from At Last the 1948 Show. ... At Last the 1948 Show was a satirical TV show made by David Frosts Paradine Productions (although they werent credited on the actual programmes) in association with Rediffusion London for Britains ITV network during 1967, bringing Cambridge Footlights type-humour to a broader audience. ... Terry Jones, Michael Palin, and Eric Idle (all back row) in Do Not Adjust Your Set. ... Terry Jones, Michael Palin, and Eric Idle (all back row) in Do Not Adjust Your Set. ... Denise Coffey playing the part of Juliet in Do Not Adjust Your Set Denise Coffey (born 12 December 1936 in Aldershot) is a British actress. ... Sir David John White, OBE known by his stage name David Jason (born 2 February 1940) is a highly regarded English actor, admired equally for his dramatic work as for his comedy roles. ... From left to right: David Jason, Michael Palin, Terry Jones, and Eric Idle. ... The University of Oxford (informally Oxford University), located in the city of Oxford, England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world and has a reputation as one of the worlds most prestigious universities. ... This article is about the state. ... The ADC Theatre is the home of the Footlights. ... A revue is a type of theatrical entertainment that combines music, dance and sketches that satirize contemporary figures, news, or literature. ... Cambridge Circus is a comedy revue that played in London in the 1960s. ...


Chapman, Cleese and Idle were all members of the Footlights, which at that time also included the future GoodiesTim Brooke-Taylor, Bill Oddie and Graeme Garden—as well as Jonathan Lynn (co-writer of Yes Minister and Yes, Prime Minister). During the time of Idle's presidency of the Club, feminist writer Germaine Greer and broadcaster Clive James were also members. Recordings of Footlights revues (called "Smokers") at Pembroke College include sketches and performances by Idle and Cleese. They are currently kept in the archives of the Pembroke Players, along with tapes of Idle's performances in some of the college drama society's theatrical productions. This article discusses the Goodies trio and the origins of their comedy TV series For information about the television series, see The Goodies (TV series) The Goodies are a trio of British comedians (Tim Brooke-Taylor, Graeme Garden and Bill Oddie), who created, wrote, and starred in a surreal British... Tim Brooke-Taylor (April 2000) Timothy Julian Brooke-Taylor, (born 17 July 1940 in Buxton, Derbyshire, England) is a British comic actor most well known in Britain as a member of The Goodies comedy trio and in the comedy radio shows Im Sorry I Havent a Clue, and... William Edgar (Bill) Oddie, OBE (born 7 July 1941 in Rochdale, Lancashire), is a British comedy writer and performer, author, composer and musician. ... Graeme Garden, as a Beefeater in The Goodies (TV series) episode The Tower of London David Graeme Garden (born February 18, 1943) is a British comedy writer and performer. ... Jonathan Lynn (born April 3, 1943), is a British actor and comedy writer. ... Yes Minister is a satirical British sitcom written by Antony Jay and Jonathan Lynn that was first transmitted by BBC television and radio between 1980 and 1984, split over three seven-episode series. ... Yes Minister is a satirical British sitcom written by Antony Jay and Jonathan Lynn that was first transmitted by BBC television and radio between 1980 and 1984, split over three seven-episode series. ... Feminists redirects here. ... Germaine Greer (born January 29, 1939) is an Australian-born writer, broadcaster and retired academic, widely regarded as one of the most significant feminist voices of the 20th century. ... Clive James AM (born October 7, 1939 in Kogarah, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia) is an expatriate Australian writer, poet, essayist, critic, and commentator on popular culture. ... Full name Pembroke College Motto - Named after Countess of Pembroke, Mary de St Pol Previous names Marie Valence Hall (1347), Pembroke Hall (?), Pembroke College (1856) Established 1347 Sister College(s) Queens College Master Sir Richard Dearlove Location Trumpington Street Undergraduates ~420 Postgraduates ~240 Homepage Boatclub Pembroke College is a... Pembroke Players (formerly Pembroke College Players) is an amateur theatrical society in Cambridge, England, founded in 1955 and run by the students of Pembroke College, Cambridge University. ...


Variously, the Python members appeared in or wrote, or both, for the following shows before being united for Monty Python's Flying Circus. In particular, The Frost Report is credited as first uniting the British Pythons and providing an environment in which they could develop their particular styles: The Frost Report was a satirical television show hosted by Sir David Frost. ...

Several of these also featured other important British comedy writers or performers, or both, including Ronnie Corbett, Ronnie Barker, Tim Brooke-Taylor, Graeme Garden, Bill Oddie, Marty Feldman, Jonathan Lynn, David Jason and David Frost. Im Sorry, Ill Read That Again was a long-running BBC radio comedy programme that originally grew out of the Cambridge University Footlights revue Cambridge Circus. ... The Frost Report was a satirical television show hosted by Sir David Frost. ... At Last the 1948 Show was a satirical TV show made by David Frosts Paradine Productions (although they werent credited on the actual programmes) in association with Rediffusion London for Britains ITV network during 1967, bringing Cambridge Footlights type-humour to a broader audience. ... Twice a Fortnight, which was made in 1967, was a British sketch comedy television comedy series with Terry Jones. ... From left to right: David Jason, Michael Palin, Terry Jones, and Eric Idle. ... The Bonzo Dog Band (also known as The Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band, The Bonzo Dog Dada Band and, colloquially, as The Bonzos) was a band created by a group of British art-school denizens of the 1960s. ... Cover of the DVD version. ... A forerunner to Monty Pythons Flying Circus, The Complete And Utter History Of Britain was a 1969 television comedy sketch show which provided an idiosyncratic view of British history. ... Doctor in the House was a British television comedy series produced by London Weekend Television from 1969 to 1970. ... Ronnie Corbett in Extras Ronald Balfour Corbett, OBE (born 4 December 1930 in Edinburgh, commonly credited as Ronnie Corbett) is a British comedian and actor, best known as one of The Two Ronnies. ... Ronald William George Barker, OBE (25 September 1929 – 3 October 2005), popularly known as Ronnie Barker was an English comic actor and writer. ... Martin Alan Marty Feldman (8 July 1934[1] – 2 December 1982) was an English writer, comedian and BAFTA award winning actor, notable for his bulging eyes, which were the result of a thyroid condition known as Graves Disease. ... Jonathan Lynn (born April 3, 1943), is a British actor and comedy writer. ... Sir David John White, OBE known by his stage name David Jason (born 2 February 1940) is a highly regarded English actor, admired equally for his dramatic work as for his comedy roles. ... Sir David Paradine Frost, OBE (born April 7, 1939) is an English television presenter. ...


Following the success of Do Not Adjust Your Set (originally intended to be a children's programme) with the adult demographic, ITV offered Palin, Jones, Idle and Gilliam their own series together. At the same time Cleese and Chapman were offered a show by the BBC, having been impressed by their work on The Frost Report and At Last The 1948 Show. Cleese was reluctant to do a two-man show for various reasons, including Chapman's supposedly difficult personality. Cleese had fond memories of working with Palin and invited him to join the team. With the ITV series still in pre-production Palin agreed and suggested the involvement of his writing partner Jones and colleague Idle—who in turn suggested that Gilliam could provide animations for the projected series. Much has been made of the fact that the Monty Python troupe is the result of Cleese's desire to work with Palin and the chance circumstances that brought the other four members into the fold.[6] A demographic or demographic profile is a term used in marketing and broadcasting, to describe a demographic grouping or a market segment. ... For other uses, see ITV (disambiguation). ... This article is about the comedy duo. ...


Monty Python's Flying Circus

Development of the series

Terry Gilliam's Beware of the Elephants animation

The Pythons had a very definite idea about what they wanted to do with the series. They were all great admirers of the work of Peter Cook, Alan Bennett, Jonathan Miller and Dudley Moore on Beyond the Fringe, and had worked on Frost, which was similar in style. They also enjoyed Cook and Moore's sketch show Not Only... But Also. However, one problem the Pythons perceived with these programmes was that though the body of the sketch would be strong, the writers would often struggle to then find a punchline funny enough to end on, and this would detract from the overall quality of the sketch. They decided that they would simply not bother to 'cap' their sketches in the traditional manner, and early episodes of the Flying Circus series make great play of this abandonment of the punchline (one scene has Cleese turn to Idle, as the sketch descends into chaos, and remark that "This is the silliest sketch I've ever been in" - they all resolve not to carry on and simply walk off the set). However, as they began assembling material for the show, the Pythons watched one of their collective heroes, Spike Milligan, recording his new series Q5 (1969). Not only was the programme more irreverent and anarchic than any previous television comedy, Milligan would often "give up" on sketches halfway through and wander off set (often muttering "did I write this?"). It was clear that their new series would now seem somewhat less original, and Jones in particular became determined the Pythons should innovate further. Terry Gilliams Elephants animation This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... Terry Gilliams Elephants animation This is a screenshot of a copyrighted website, video game graphic, computer program graphic, television broadcast, or film. ... For other persons named Peter Cook, see Peter Cook (disambiguation). ... Published by Faber/Profile Books in 2005 Alan Bennett (born May 9, 1934) is an English author and actor noted for his work, his boyish appearance and his sonorous Yorkshire accent. ... Sir Jonathan Wolfe Miller, CBE (born 21 July 1934) is a British neurologist, theatre and opera director, television presenter, humourist and sculptor. ... Dudley Stuart John Moore, CBE (April 19, 1935 – March 27, 2002), was an Academy-Award nominated British comedian, actor and musician. ... Album of Beyond the Fringe Published by EMI in 1996 Beyond the Fringe was a British comedy stage revue written and performed by Peter Cook, Dudley Moore, Alan Bennett and Jonathan Miller. ... Not Only. ... A punch line is the final part of a joke, usually the word, sentence or exchange of sentences which is intended to be funny and to provoke laughter from listeners. ... Terence Alan Milligan KBE (16 April 1918–27 February 2002), known as Spike Milligan, was an Irish comedian, writer, musician, poet and playwright. ... Milligan in costume for his Q series. ...


After much debate, Jones remembered an animation Gilliam had created for Do Not Adjust Your Set called "Beware of the Elephants", which had intrigued him with its stream-of-consciousness style. Jones felt it would be a good concept to apply to the series: allowing sketches to blend into one another. Palin had been equally fascinated by another of Gilliam's efforts, entitled "Christmas Cards", and agreed that it represented "a way of doing things differently." Since Cleese, Chapman and Idle were less concerned with the overall flow of the programme, it was Jones, Palin and Gilliam who became largely responsible for the presentation style of the Flying Circus series, in which disparate sketches are linked to give each episode the appearance of a single stream-of-consciousness (often using a Gilliam animation to move from the closing image of one sketch to the opening scene of another). The bouncing ball animation (below) consists of these 6 frames. ...


Each day of writing started at 9am and finished at 5pm. Typically, Cleese and Chapman worked as one pair of writers isolated from the others, as did Jones and Palin, while Idle wrote alone. After a few days of working in this configuration, they would all join together with Gilliam, critique their scripts and exchange ideas. Their approach to writing was democratic. If the majority found the idea to be humorous, it would be included in the show. The casting of roles for the sketches was a similarly unselfish process, since each member viewed himself primarily as a writer, rather than an actor desperate for screen time. When the themes for sketches were finally chosen, Gilliam had carte blanche to decide how to bridge them with animations, armed with his camera, scissors, and airbrush. For other uses, see Democracy (disambiguation). ... A function is part of an answer to a question about why some object or process occurred in a system that evolved or was designed with some goal. ... A blank check (carte blanche) is a check that has no numerical value written in, but is still signed; check owners are normally advised to specify the amount before signing. ...


While the show was a collaborative process, different factions within Python were clearly responsible for different elements of the team's humour. In general, the work of the Oxford-educated members was more visual, and more fanciful conceptually (e.g. the arrival of the Spanish Inquisition in a suburban front room), while the Cambridge graduates' sketches tended to be more verbal and more aggressive (for example, Cleese and Chapman's many "confrontation" sketches, where one character ends up intimidating or hurling abuse at another, or Idle's characters with bizarre verbal quirks, such as The Man Who Speaks In Anagrams). Asked about this, Cleese has confirmed that "most of the sketches with heavy abuse were Graham's and mine, anything that started with a slow pan across countryside and impressive music was Mike and Terry's, and anything that got utterly involved with words and disappeared up any personal orifice was Eric's."[7] Gilliam's animations, meanwhile, ranged from the whimsical to the savage (the cartoon format allowing him to create some astonishingly violent scenes without fear of censorship). For the game, see Anagrams. ...


Several names for the show were bandied about before the title Monty Python's Flying Circus was settled upon. Some of the more memorable were "Owl Stretching Time", "The Toad Elevating Moment", "Vaseline Review" and "Bun, Wackett, Buzzard, Stubble and Boot". "Flying Circus" stuck when the BBC explained to the group that it had already printed that name in its schedules and was not prepared to amend it, leaving the Pythons no choice in the matter. Many variations then came and went. Gwen Dibley's Flying Circus was named after a woman Palin had read about in the newspaper, thinking it would be amusing if she were to discover she had her own TV show. Barry Took's Flying Circus (also Baron Von Took's Flying Circus) was an affectionate tribute to the man who had brought them together. Arthur Megapode's Flying Circus was suggested, then discarded. Cleese then added "Python", liking the image of a slippery, sly individual that it conjured up. The specific origin of "Monty" is somewhat confused (see above). Barry Took (June 19, 1928 – March 31, 2002) was an English comedian, writer and television presenter. ...


Style of the show

Flying Circus pioneered some innovative formal techniques, such as the cold open, in which an episode began without the traditional opening titles or announcements.[8] An example of this is the "It's" man: Palin in Robinson Crusoe garb, making a tortuous journey across various terrains, before finally approaching the camera to state, "It's...", only to be then cut off by the title sequence and the theme song. On several occasions the cold open would last until mid show, after which the regular opening titles would run. Occasionally the Pythons would attempt to trick viewers by rolling the closing credits halfway through the show, usually continuing the joke by fading to the familiar globe logo used for BBC continuity, over which Cleese would parody the clipped tones of a BBC announcer. On one occasion the credits ran directly after the opening titles. They also experimented with ending segments by cutting abruptly to another scene or animation, walking offstage, addressing the camera (breaking the fourth wall), or introducing a totally unrelated event or character. A classic example of this approach was the use of Chapman's "Colonel" character, who walked into several sketches and ordered them to be stopped because things were becoming "far too silly." Another favourite way of ending sketches was to drop a cartoonish "16-ton weight" prop on one of the characters when the sketch seemed to be losing momentum, or a knight in full armour (played by Terry Gilliam) would wander on-set and hit characters over the head with a raw chicken[9], before cutting to the next scene. Another innovative way of changing scenes was when John Cleese would come in as a radio commentator and say "And now for something completely different" A cold open (also referred to as a teaser) in a television program or movie is the technique of jumping directly into a story at the beginning or opening of the show, before the title sequence or opening credits are shown. ... For other uses, see Robinson Crusoe (disambiguation). ... This example of a title sequence, from long-running serial drama Another World, was seen from 1966 to 1981, making it one of the longest-running continuous title sequences on television. ... The Liberty Bell is an American military march composed by famous bandmaster John Philip Sousa in 1893, and is considered one of his finest works. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The history of BBC television idents starts in the early 1950s, when idents were first used by the BBC to differentiate each of their channels and create separate identites for them. ... The fourth wall is the imaginary invisible wall at the front of the stage in a proscenium theater, through which the audience sees the action in the world of the play. ... Terrence Vance Gilliam (born November 22, 1940) is an American-born British filmmaker, animator, and member of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... Cleese redirects here. ...


The Monty Python theme music is "Liberty Bell" march composed by John Philip Sousa. It was not the Pythons' first choice, but the available recording from the BBC archives was in the public domain and therefore free.[8] The Liberty Bell is an American military march composed by famous bandmaster John Philip Sousa in 1893, and is considered one of his finest works. ... John Philip Sousa (November 6, 1854 – March 6, 1932) was an American composer and conductor of the late Romantic era known particularly for American military marches. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

Monty Python - Flying Circus theme Image File history File links Monty_Python_-_Flying_Circus_theme. ...

The theme music from Monty Python's Flying Circus featuring the "It's..."

Problems listening to the file? See media help.

The use of Gilliam's surreal, collage stop motion animations was another innovative intertextual element of the Python style. Many of the images Gilliam used were lifted from famous works of art, and from Victorian illustrations and engravings. The giant foot which crushes the show's title at the end of the opening credits is in fact the foot of Cupid, cut from a reproduction of the Renaissance masterpiece Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time by Bronzino. This foot, and Gilliam's style in general, have come to be considered the visual trademarks of the series. Max Ernst. ... For other uses, see Collage (disambiguation). ... Stop motion is an animation technique which makes things that are static appear to be moving. ... The Victorian era of the United Kingdom marked the height of the British Industrial Revolution and the apex of the British Empire. ... Engraving is the practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into it. ... It has been suggested that Cupid (holiday character) be merged into this article or section. ... The Italian Renaissance began the opening phase of the Renaissance, a period of great cultural change and achievement in Europe that spanned the period from the end of the 14th century to about 1600, marking the transition between Medieval and Early Modern Europe. ... Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time is an allegorical painting by the Florentine artist Agnolo Bronzino. ... Andrea Doria as Neptune Agnolo di Cosimo ( 1503, Firenze – 1572, Firenze) (also known as Agnolo Bronzino and Agnolo Tori). ... “(TM)” redirects here. ...


The Pythons built on and extended the great British tradition of cross-dressing comedy. Rather than dressing a man as a woman purely for comic effect, the (entirely male) Python team would write humorous parts for women, then don frocks and makeup and play the roles themselves. Thus a scene requiring a housewife would feature one of the male Pythons wearing a housecoat and apron, speaking in falsetto. These women were referred to as pepperpots. While this accentuated the humour, it was not, in itself, the joke (had a woman played the role, the lines would have had the same comic effect). Generally speaking, female roles were only played by a real woman (usually Carol Cleveland) when the scene specifically required that the character be sexually attractive (although sometimes they used Eric Idle for this). In some episodes and the later Monty Python's Life of Brian they took the idea one step further by playing women who impersonated men. This articles is about cross-dressing in general, that is the act of wearing the clothing of another gender for any reason. ... Carols first Python appearance. ... Eric Idle (born March 29, 1943) is an English comedian, actor, author and composer of comedic songs. ... Monty Pythons Life of Brian is a 1979 comedy written and performed by the Monty Python comedy team. ...


Many of the sketches have become extremely well-known outside the hardcore of Python fans, and are still widely quoted to this day. "The Dead Parrot", "The Lumberjack Song", "Spam", "Nudge Nudge", "The Spanish Inquisition", "Upper Class Twit of the Year", "Four Yorkshiremen sketch", "Cheese Shop" and "The Ministry of Silly Walks" are just a few examples. Palin, Cleese and the dead parrot, from And Now For Something Completely Different. ... Michael Palin performs The Lumberjack Song, with Connie Booth as his best girl. ... This article is about the television comedy skit. ... Nudge nudge is a sketch from the third Monty Pythons Flying Circus episode, How to Recognise Different Types of Trees From Quite a Long Way Away featuring Eric Idle (author of the sketch) and Terry Jones as two strangers who meet in a pub. ... Nobody expects the Spanish Inquisition! This article is about the Monty Python comedy sketch. ... The Upper Class Twit of the Year is a classic sketch that was seen on the T.V. show Monty Pythons Flying Circus, and also in a modified format in the movie And Now For Something Completely Different. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... John Cleese (right) and Michael Palin (left) of Monty Python performing the Cheese Shop sketch. ... John Cleese as the Minister of Silly Walks in the halls of the Ministry The Ministry of Silly Walks is a sketch from Monty Pythons Flying Circus, episode 14 entitled Face the Press, first aired in 1970. ...


The end of Flying Circus

Having considered the possibility at the end of the second series, Cleese finally left the Flying Circus at the end of Series Three. He claimed he felt he was merely repeating himself, that he had nothing fresh to offer the show and that many of his sketches in the third series were merely rewrites of his earlier work. He was also finding Chapman, who was at that point in the full throes of alcoholism, increasingly difficult to work with. According to an interview with Eric Idle "it was on an Air Canada flight on the way to Vancouver, when John (Cleese) turned to all of us and said `I want out.' Why? I don't know. He gets bored more easily than the rest of us. He's a difficult man, not easy to be friendly with. He's so funny because he never wanted to be liked. That gives him a certain fascinating, arrogant freedom."[10] Cleese said in an interview years later that he had wanted to leave after the second series but was talked into staying by the other Pythons. He said that he thought they did only two original sketches in the Third Series ("Dennis Moore" and the "Cheese Shop"), and that the other sketches were bits and pieces from previous work cobbled together in slightly different contexts.[citation needed]


The rest of the group carried on for one more series (dropping the "Flying Circus" from the show's title, which became just "Monty Python") before calling a halt to the programme in 1974. The name "Monty Python's Flying Circus" appears in the opening animation for Series Four, but in the end credits the show is listed as simply "Monty Python". Despite Cleese's officially leaving the group, he made a cameo appearance in the fourth series. Several episodes credit him as a co-writer since some sketches were recycled from scenes cut from the "Holy Grail" script. While the first three series contained 13 episodes each, the fourth was cut short at only six.


In 1975 the series was first broadcast in America and soon gained a cult following. Ron Deveiller, an executive from PBS television station KERA in Dallas, Texas found Monty Python episodes on a shelf when searching for programming for his station. He watched one episode, then another, and before he was done he had acquired the entire series to put on the air. The series was eventually aired on PBS stations across the country, and by this chance event Python invaded America. A couple of sketches ("Bicycle Repairman" and "The Dull Life of a Stockbroker") aired in 1974 on the NBC series ComedyWorld, a summer replacement series for The Dean Martin Show. This article does not discuss cultist groups, personality cults, or cult in its original sense of religious practice. See cult (disambiguation) for more meanings of the term cult. A cult following is a group of fans devoted to a specific area of pop culture. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... KERA may stand for: radio station KERA FM 90. ... Dallas redirects here. ... The Dean Martin Show was a TV variety-comedy series that ran from 1965 to 1974, for 245 episodes. ...


Life after the Flying Circus

Filmography

And Now For Something Completely Different (1971)

This was the Pythons' first feature film, composed of some of the best sketches from the first two series of the Flying Circus, re-shot on an extremely low budget (and often slightly edited) for cinema release. Some famous sketches included are: the "Dead Parrot" sketch, "The Lumberjack Song", "Upperclass Twits", "Hell's Grannies", and the "Nudge Nudge" sketch. Financed by Playboy's UK executive Victor Lowndes, it was intended as a way of breaking Monty Python in America, and although it was ultimately unsuccessful in this, the film did good business in the UK. The group did not consider the film a success, but it enjoys a cult following today. And Now For Something Completely Different is a film spinoff from the television comedy series Monty Pythons Flying Circus featuring favourite sketches from the first two seasons. ... For other uses, see Playboy (disambiguation). ...


Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975)

The group (including Cleese) reformed in 1974 to write and star in their first feature film of new material. The film, Monty Python and the Holy Grail, was based around Arthurian Legend and directed by Jones and Gilliam, the latter also drawing the film's linking animations and opening credits. Along with the rest of the Pythons, Jones and Gilliam performed several roles in the film, but it was Chapman who took the lead as King Arthur. Holy Grail was filmed on a budget of nearly £150,000; this money was raised in part with investments from rock groups such as Pink Floyd and Led Zeppelin - and UK music industry entrepreneur Tony Stratton-Smith (founder/owner of the Charisma Records label for which the Pythons recorded). Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 film written and performed by the comedy group Monty Python (Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin), and directed by Gilliam and Jones. ... Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 film written and performed by the comedy group Monty Python (Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin), and directed by Gilliam and Jones. ... For other uses, see King Arthur (disambiguation). ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their progressive rock music. ... For the bands 1969 eponymous debut album, see Led Zeppelin (album). ... Charisma Records was a record label started by former journalist Tony Stratton-Smith in 1969. ...


Monty Python's Life of Brian (1979)

Main article: Monty Python’s Life of Brian

Following the success of Holy Grail, a reporter asked Idle for the title of the next Python film, despite the fact that the team had not even begun to consider a second movie. Idle flippantly replied "Jesus Christ - Lust for Glory", which became the group's stock answer once they realised that it shut reporters up. However, they soon began to seriously consider a film lampooning the life of Christ in the same way Holy Grail had lampooned King Arthur. Despite being non-believers, they agreed that Jesus was “definitely a good guy” and found nothing to mock in his actual teachings; on the other hand, they shared a distrust of organised religion, and decided to write a satire on credulity and hypocrisy among the followers of a spurious “Messiah”. Monty Pythons Life of Brian is a 1979 comedy written and performed by the Monty Python comedy team. ... This page is about the title, office or what is known in Christian theology as the Divine Person. ...


The focus therefore shifted to a separate individual born at the same time, in the neighbouring stable, who is subsequently mistaken for the messiah. When Jesus does appear in the film (as he does on two occasions, first in the stable, and then later speaking the Beatitudes - Matt 5:1-48), he is played straight (by British actor Kenneth Colley) - the comedy begins when members of the crowd mishear his statement “Blessed are the Peacemakers” (“I think he said, 'blessed are the cheesemakers'”). Kenneth Colley is a British actor. ...


The film's combination of comedy and religious themes attracted some controversy upon its release, but it is consistently ranked as one of the greatest comedy films of all time.


Monty Python's The Meaning of Life (1983)

Poster for Monty Python's The Meaning of Life
Poster for Monty Python's The Meaning of Life

Python's final film returned to something closer to the style of Flying Circus. A series of sketches loosely followed the ages of man from conception to death. Directed again by Jones, The Meaning of Life is embellished with some of Python's most bizarre and disturbing moments, as well as various elaborate musical numbers. The film is by far their darkest work, containing a great deal of spectacular violence and black humour: at the time of its release, the Pythons confessed their aim was to offend "absolutely everyone". A short film by Gilliam - The Crimson Permanent Assurance - originally planned as a sketch within the film, eventually grew so ambitious that it was cut from the movie and used as a supporting feature in its own right (on video and DVD, and also in television screenings, this section is tagged onto the start of the film as a prologue). The Meaning of Life was a Monty Python comedy film made in 1983. ... DVD cover to the Monty Pythons The Meaning of Life. ... DVD cover to the Monty Pythons The Meaning of Life. ... The term conception can refer to more than one meaning: Concept Fertilisation This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... For other uses, see Death (disambiguation), Dead (disambiguation), or Death (band). ... This article is about a tone of comedy. ... The Crimson Permanent Assurance is a short film that appears before the 1983 Monty Python movie The Meaning of Life. ...


Crucially, this was the last project that all six Pythons would collaborate on, except for the 1989 compilation Parrot Sketch Not Included where we see the Python cast sitting in a closet for 4 seconds - which would also be the last time Chapman was filmed on screen with the rest of the Pythons. Parrot Sketch Not Included - 20 Years of Python was a tribute special to the Monty Python comedy group in 1989. ...


The Secret Policeman's Ball benefit shows

Various members of Monty Python have contributed their services to multiple charitable endeavors and causes over the years - sometimes as an ensemble - at other times as individual members. The cause that has been the most frequent and consistent beneficiary of Monty Python's generosity has been the human rights work of Amnesty International. Between 1976 and 1981, the troupe and/or its members appeared in four major fund-raisers for Amnesty - known collectively as the Secret Policeman's Ball shows - which were turned into multiple films, TV shows, videos, record albums and books. These benefit shows and their many spin-offs raised considerable sums of money for Amnesty, raised public and media awareness of the human rights cause and influenced many other members of the entertainment community (especially rock musicians) to become involved in political and social issues. Among the many musicians who have publicly attributed their activism - and the organization of their own benefit events to the inspiration of the work in this field of Monty Python are U2, Bob Geldof, Pete Townshend and Sting. The shows are also credited by Amnesty with helping the organization develop public awareness in the USA where one of the spin-off films was a major success. Human rights are rights which some hold to be inalienable and belonging to all humans. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Amnesty international Amnesty International (commonly known as Amnesty or AI) is an international non-governmental organization which defines its mission as to undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience... A benefit concert is a concert featuring musicians, comedians, or other performers that is held for a charitable purpose, often directed at a specific and immediate humanitarian crisis. ... The Secret Policemans Ball — The Complete Edition (2004 DVD box set - cover) The Secret Policemans Balls is the collective name informally used to describe a long-running series of benefit shows staged in England to raise funds for the human rights organisation Amnesty International. ... A benefit concert is a concert featuring musicians, comedians, or other performers that is held for a charitable purpose, often directed at a specific and immediate humanitarian crisis. ... This article is about the Irish rock band. ... Robert Frederick Xenon Geldof[1], KBE[2], known as Bob Geldof (born 5 October 1951) [3], is an Irish singer, songwriter, actor and political activist. ... Peter Dennis Blandford Townshend (born May 19, 1945 in Chiswick, London), is an award-winning English rock guitarist, singer, songwriter, and composer. ... This article is about the musician. ...


Two of the six Pythons - Cleese and Jones - had an involvement (as performer, writer and/or director) in all four Amnesty benefit shows. Palin was involved in three, Chapman in two and Gilliam in one. Eric Idle did not participate in any of the Amnesty shows. Notwithstanding Idle's lack of participation - the other five members (together with two "Associate Pythons" - Carol Cleveland and Neil Innes - all appeared together in the first Secret Policeman's Ball benefit - the 1976 A Poke In The Eye (With A Sharp Stick) performing several Python sketches and in this first show, they were collectively billed as Monty Python. (Peter Cook deputized for the errant Eric Idle in one major sketch The Courtroom). In the next three shows, the participating Python members performed many Python sketches - but were billed under their individual names rather than under the collective Python banner. After a six-year break, Amnesty resumed producing Secret Policeman's Ball benefit shows in 1987 (sometimes with, and sometimes without variants of the iconic title) and by 2006 had presented a total of twelve such shows. The shows since 1987 have featured newer generations of British comedic performers - including many who have attributed their participation in the show to their desire to emulate the Python's pioneering work for Amnesty. (Cleese and Palin made a brief cameo appearance in the 1989 Amnesty show - but apart from that, the Python members have not appeared in any of the shows after the legendary first four shows.) Carols first Python appearance. ... Neil James Innes (born 9 December 1944, in Danbury, Essex) is an English writer and performer of comic songs, best known for his collaborative work with Monty Python, and for playing in the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band and later The Rutles. ... The cover of the 1992 CD reissue of the live album made from the A Poke In The Eye A Poke In The Eye (With A Sharp Stick) is the title of the first show in what became the iconic Secret Policemans Ball series of benefit shows for human... For other persons named Peter Cook, see Peter Cook (disambiguation). ...


Going solo

Each member pursued other film and television projects after the break-up of the group, but often continued to work with one another. Many of these collaborations were very successful, such as Fawlty Towers (written by and starring Cleese and his then wife Connie Booth), and A Fish Called Wanda (1988) (also written by Cleese, and in which he starred along with Palin). The latter pair also appeared in Time Bandits (1981), a film written by Gilliam and Palin, and directed by Gilliam. Gilliam also directed and co-wrote Brazil (1985) and The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (1988), which featured Palin and Idle respectively. Gilliam has now become a cult director; he often struggles to find the money for his work because his films tend to go over-budget and fail at the box-office. Palin and Jones wrote the comedic film series Ripping Yarns, starring Palin with an assortment of British actors. Palin's BBC travel series have also proved extremely popular as have Jones' historical documentaries. In terms of numbers of productions, John Cleese has had the most prolific solo career, having appeared in 59 theatrical films, 22 TV shows or series (including Cheers, 3rd Rock from the Sun, and Will & Grace), 23 direct-to-video productions, six video games, and a number of commercials.[11] Fawlty Towers is a British sitcom made by the BBC and first broadcast on BBC2 in 1975. ... Constance Booth (Born: December 2, 1944) is an American writer and actress best known for her appearances on British television, and particularly for her work with her former husband John Cleese. ... A Fish Called Wanda is a movie released in 1988 by MGM. It was written by John Cleese and directed by Charles Crichton. ... This article is about the 1981 motion picture. ... The Adventures of Baron Munchausen is a 1988 film directed by Terry Gilliam, starring John Neville (as the Baron), Sarah Polley, Eric Idle, Jonathan Pryce, Oliver Reed, Uma Thurman, and Robin Williams. ... Ripping Yarns (BBC video cover) Ripping Yarns was a British television comedy series, written by former Pythons Michael Palin and Terry Jones. ... This article is about the TV series. ... This article is about a television show. ... Will & Grace is a popular Emmy Award winning and Golden Globe nominated American television sitcom that was originally broadcast from 1998 to 2006. ...


Idle enjoyed critical success with Rutland Weekend Television in the mid-70s and as an actor in Nuns on the Run (1990) with Robbie Coltrane. He also had a UK #3 single with "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life." However, it is the theatrical phenomenon of Spamalot that has made Idle the most financially successful of the troupe post-Python. Spamalot, "lovingly ripped off" from the 1975 film Monty Python and the Holy Grail and written by Idle, was an enormous hit on Broadway, in London's West End and also Las Vegas.[citation needed] RWT logo. ... Nuns on the Run is a popular British comedy film of 1990, starring Robbie Coltrane and Eric Idle. ... For the jazz saxophonist, see Ravi Coltrane. ... The 1991 reissue of Always Look on the Bright Side of Life Always Look On The Bright Side Of Life is a popular song written by Eric Idle which originally featured in the 1979 film Monty Pythons Life of Brian and has gone on to become a common singalong... Monty Pythons Spamalot is a comedic musical lovingly ripped off from the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975). ...


Post-Python reunions

The Pythons' last full work together as an ensemble was the film The Meaning of Life in 1983. Since then, they have often been the subject of reunion rumours. The final reunion of all six members occurred during the Parrot Sketch Not Included - 20 Years of Monty Python special. The death of Chapman in 1989 (on the eve of their 20th anniversary) seemed to put an end to the speculation of any further reunions. However there have been several occasions since 1989 when the surviving five members have gathered together for appearances - albeit not formal reunions. Parrot Sketch Not Included - 20 Years of Python was a tribute special to the Monty Python comedy group in 1989. ...


In 1991, the surviving members performed Always Look On The Bright Side Of Life on the BBC's weekly music programme, Top of the Pops. The song had been revived by Simon Mayo on BBC Radio 1, and was consequently release as a single that year. Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... The 1991 reissue of Always Look on the Bright Side of Life Always Look On The Bright Side Of Life is a popular song written by Eric Idle which originally featured in the 1979 film Monty Pythons Life of Brian and has gone on to become a common singalong... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... Top of the Pops, also known as TOTP, was a long-running British music chart television programme, made and broadcast by the BBC. It was originally shown each week, mostly on BBC One, from 1 January 1964 to 30 July 2006. ... Simon Mayo (born 21st September 1958 in Southgate, London) is one of the most recognised and respected voices of radio in the UK, currently presenting a daily afternoon programme on BBC Radio Five Live. ... BBC Radio 1 (commonly referred to as just Radio 1) is a British national radio station operated by the BBC, specialising in popular music and speech and is aimed primarily at the 14-29[1] age group. ...


In 1998 the five remaining members, along with what was purported to be Chapman's ashes, were reunited on stage for the first time in 18 years. The occasion was in the form of an interview (hosted by Robert Klein, with an appearance by Eddie Izzard) in which the team looked back at some of their work and performed a few new sketches. One of the show's more memorable moments occurred when what were supposed to be Chapman's ashes were "accidentally" spilled - the person responsible for upsetting the urn was Gilliam – then hurriedly cleaned up with a mini-vacuum cleaner and a broom and dustpan. A significant amount of the ashes were also brushed under the rug. Robert Klein (born February 8, 1942) is an American stand-up comedian and actor. ... Edward John Eddie Izzard (born February 7, 1962) is an English[1] stand-up comedian and actor, known for his cross-dressing. ...


On 9 October 1999, to commemorate 30 years since the first Flying Circus television broadcast, BBC2 devoted an evening to Python programmes, including a documentary charting the history of the team, interspersed with new sketches by the Monty Python team filmed especially for the event; the program appears, though omitting a few things, on the DVD The Life of Python. Though Eric Idle's involvement in the special is limited, the final sketch marks the only time since 1989 that all surviving members of the troupe appear in one sketch, albeit not actually in the same room. is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... For the BBC radio station, see BBC Radio 2. ...


In 2002 four members of the Python team, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, Michael Palin and Terry Gilliam performed The Lumberjack Song and Sit on my face for George Harrison's Memorial concert. The reunion also included regular contributors Neil Innes and Carol Cleveland, with a special appearance from Tom Hanks.


In an interview to publicise the DVD release of The Meaning of Life, Cleese said a further reunion was unlikely. "It is absolutely impossible to get even a majority of us together in a room, and I'm not joking," Cleese said. He said that the problem was one of business rather than one of bad feelings.[12] DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ...

The Pythons on the Meaning of Life DVD, using special effects to have a reunion... but not very seriously.
The Pythons on the Meaning of Life DVD, using special effects to have a reunion... but not very seriously.

A sketch appears on the same DVD spoofing the impossibility of a full reunion, bringing the members “together” in a deliberately unconvincing fashion with modern bluescreen/greenscreen techniques. Image File history File links Reunion. ... Image File history File links Reunion. ...


Idle has responded to queries about a Python reunion by adapting a line used by George Harrison in response to queries about a possible Beatles reunion. When asked in November 1989 about such a possibility, Harrison responded: "As far as I'm concerned, there won't be a Beatles reunion as long as John Lennon remains dead." Idle's version of this was that he expected to see a proper Python reunion, "just as soon as Graham Chapman comes back from the dead", but added, "we're talking to his agent about terms." The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 as part of their first tour of the United States, promoting their first hit single there, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ... John Winston Ono Lennon, MBE (October 9, 1940 – December 8, 1980), (born John Winston Lennon, known as John Ono Lennon) was an iconic English 20th century rock and roll songwriter and singer, best known as the founding member of The Beatles. ...


2003's The Pythons Autobiography By The Pythons, compiled from interviews with the surviving members, reveals that a series of disputes in 1990 over a Monty Python and the Holy Grail sequel conceived by Idle may have resulted in the group's permanent fission. Cleese's feeling was that The Meaning of Life had been personally difficult and ultimately mediocre, and for this and other reasons did not wish to be involved. Apparently Idle was angry with Cleese for refusing to do the film, which most of the remaining Pythons thought reasonably promising. A still-smarting Idle refused to appear in what he saw as the Cleese-dominated reunion show a few years later (his place was taken by Eddie Izzard). Edward John Eddie Izzard (born February 7, 1962) is an English[1] stand-up comedian and actor, known for his cross-dressing. ...


The members have continued to appear in each other's films. Terry Gilliam has directed Michael Palin, John Cleese, Terry Jones and Eric Idle in various non-Python pictures, Graham Chapman worked with John Cleese and Eric Idle in Yellowbeard and Michael Palin and John Cleese worked together in the acclaimed A Fish Called Wanda and Fierce Creatures. Terry Jones' 1996 adaptation of The Wind in the Willows featured all the surviving Python members, except for Terry Gilliam, who was going to play The River but could not find space in his schedule. More recently, Shrek the Third features both John Cleese and Eric Idle in voice-over roles, although they don't share any scenes (Cleese had a major role, while Idle had a guest star role). Yellowbeard poster Yellowbeard is a 1983 comedy film, that was co-written and acted by Monty Python member Graham Chapman and David Sherlock, and directed by Mel Damski. ... A Fish Called Wanda is a movie released in 1988 by MGM. It was written by John Cleese and directed by Charles Crichton. ... Fierce Creatures is a 1997 comedy movie, John Cleese and companys follow-up to the widely popular A Fish Called Wanda. ... The Wind in the Willows, released on video in the U.S. as Mr. ... This article is about the film. ...


March 2005 saw a full, if non-performing, reunion of the surviving cast members at the premiere of Eric Idle's musical Spamalot, based on Monty Python and the Holy Grail. It opened in Chicago and has since played in New York on Broadway, and is currently entertaining audiences in Toronto, Ontario. In 2004, it was nominated for 14 Tony Awards and won three: Best Musical, Best Direction of a Musical for Mike Nichols and Best Performance by a Featured Actress in a Musical for Sara Ramirez, who played the Lady of the Lake, a character specially added for the musical. Monty Pythons Spamalot is a comedic musical lovingly ripped off from the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975). ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... This article is about the state. ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award® but is formally the Antoinette Perry Award is an annual American award celebrating achievements in theater, including musical theater. ... Mike Nichols (born Michael Igor Peschkowsky) is an Academy Award winning movie director of films such as The Graduate and Whos Afraid of Virginia Woolf?. He was born on November 6, 1931 in Berlin, to a Jewish Russian family. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Owing in part to the success of Spamalot, PBS announced on July 13, 2005, that the network would begin to re-air the entire run of Monty Python's Flying Circus, as well as new one-hour specials focusing on each member of the group, called Monty Python's Personal Best.[13] Each episode was written and produced by the individual being honoured, with the five remaining Pythons collaborating on Chapman's programme. Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Monty Pythons Personal Best is a miniseries of six hour-long specials, each showcasing the contributions of a particular Monty Python member. ...


The Pythons

Graham Chapman was born in Melton Mowbray, Leicestershire, England on 8 January 1941, Chapman was originally a medical student, but changed to theatre when he joined Footlights at Cambridge (he did in fact complete his medical training and was legally entitled to practise as a doctor). Chapman is best remembered for taking the lead roles in The Holy Grail, as King Arthur, and Life of Brian, as Brian Cohen. Besides starring in Monty Python features, Chapman appeared in films such as The Odd Job (which he also produced) and Yellowbeard (which he directed), also making several appearances on Saturday Night Live. He died of spinal and throat cancer on 4 October 1989. He is now lovingly referred to by the surviving Pythons as "the dead one." At Chapman's memorial service, Cleese delivered the irreverent speech he felt his co-writer would have wanted: having been the first person to say “shit” on British television, Cleese announced, Chapman would never have forgiven him had he missed the opportunity to become “the first person ever at a British memorial service to say 'fuck'.” Furthermore, Cleese recited all the synonyms for being deceased, from the infamous Dead Parrot Sketch. Cleese also remarked in an interview with Michael Parkinson that, in a heartfelt reference to Chapman's tendency towards lateness, Palin remarked at the funeral "Graham Chapman is with us today...or at least he will be in twenty-five minutes". Chapman was survived by partner of 24 years, David Sherlock and adopted son, John Tomiczek, who later married an American girl and died in 1992 of heart trouble. Dr. Graham Arthur Chapman (January 8, 1941 – October 4, 1989) was an English comedian, actor, writer, physician and one of the six members of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... , Melton Mowbray (known locally as Melton) is a town within the Melton borough of Leicestershire, England. ... Leicestershire ( IPA: (RP), IPA: (locally)), abbreviation Leics. ... is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... The story of a man (Arthur Harris) who is recently abandoned by his wife. ... Yellowbeard poster Yellowbeard is a 1983 comedy film, that was co-written and acted by Monty Python member Graham Chapman and David Sherlock, and directed by Mel Damski. ... Cancer is a class of diseases or disorders characterized by uncontrolled division of cells and the ability of these to spread, either by direct growth into adjacent tissue through invasion, or by implantation into distant sites by metastasis (where cancer cells are transported through the bloodstream or lymphatic system). ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Michael Parkinson CBE (born 28 March 1935) is an English broadcaster and journalist. ...


John Cleese was born on 27 October 1939 in Weston-super-Mare, North Somerset, England, Cleese’s family surname had originally been Cheese. His father, however, had it changed to Cleese when he joined the army during World War I. Cleese attended Clifton College, Bristol where he developed a taste for performing by appearing in house plays, then moved on to Cambridge, where he met his future Python writing partner, Graham Chapman. Cleese recently played Q's assistant ("R") and finally the new Q himself in the James Bond films. He also has done work for Shrek 2, and appeared in the first two Harry Potter films (as Nearly Headless Nick), Rat Race, and several Saturday Night Live episodes. He also voiced the King in Shrek the Third alongside fellow python Eric Idle. Cleese redirects here. ... is the 300th day of the year (301st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Weston-super-Mare is an English seaside resort town in North Somerset, population 65,000 (1991 estimate). ... North Somerset is a unitary authority in England, historically part of the county of Somerset but now administered independently. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... An 1898 etching of the College Close Clifton College (grid reference ST569737) is a coeducational public school in Clifton, Bristol, England. ... This article is about the English city. ... Q is a fictional character in the James Bond novels and films. ... 007 redirects here. ... Shrek 2, which was released in the United States on May 19, 2004, is the 2004 sequel to the 2001 computer-animated DreamWorks Pictures film Shrek. ... This article is about the Harry Potter series of novels. ... Rat Race is a 2001 comedy film (not to be confused with The Rat Race of 1960) directed by Jerry Zucker. ... This article is about the film. ...


Terry Gilliam was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, on 22 November 1940, is the only non-British member of the troupe (although now a British citizen). He started off as an animator and strip cartoonist for Harvey Kurtzman's Help! magazine, one issue of which featured Cleese. Moving from the USA to England, he animated features for Do Not Adjust Your Set and then joined Monty Python's Flying Circus when it was created. He co-directed Monty Python and The Holy Grail and directed short segments of other Python films (for instance "The Crimson Permanent Assurance", the short film that appears before The Meaning of Life). Gilliam has gone on to become a celebrated and imaginative film director of such notable titles as Brazil, Twelve Monkeys and Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas. Terrence Vance Gilliam (born November 22, 1940) is an American-born British filmmaker, animator, and member of the Monty Python comedy troupe. ... Minneapolis redirects here. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full 1940 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Harvey Kurtzman (October 3, 1924 - February 21, 1993) was a U.S. cartoonist and magazine editor. ... The Crimson Permanent Assurance is a short film that appears before the 1983 Monty Python movie The Meaning of Life. ... Twelve Monkeys is a 1995 science fiction film written by David and Janet Peoples and directed by Terry Gilliam. ... Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas is a 1998 film adaptation of Hunter S. Thompsons 1971 novel Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream. ...

Idle (left) and Terry Jones in the sketch "Nudge Nudge" from Monty Python's Flying Circus

Eric Idle was born on 29 March 1943 in South Shields, Tyne and Wear, England. When Monty Python was first formed, two writing partnerships were already in place: Cleese and Chapman, Jones and Palin. That left Gilliam in his own corner, operating solo due to the nature of his work - and Idle. Idle's solo career faltered in the 1990s with the failures of his 1993 film Splitting Heirs (written, produced by and starring Idle) and 1998's Burn Hollywood Burn (in which he starred) - which was awarded five Golden Raspberry "Razzie" Awards including 'Worst Picture of the Year'. He revived his career by returning to the source of his success from the 1970s - and adapting Monty Python material for other media. He is the writer of the Tony award-winning Broadway musical Spamalot, based on the Holy Grail movie. He also collaborated with John Du Prez on the music for the show. He has written another Monty Python-derived stage musical, Not the Messiah that will premiere in Montreal in summer 2007. He is a voice talent in Shrek the Third along with fellow Python member, John Cleese. Image File history File links Nudge_nudge. ... Image File history File links Nudge_nudge. ... Terence Graham Parry Jones (born in Colwyn Bay, Wales, on February 1, 1942) is a British comedian, screenwriter and actor, film director, childrens author, popular historian, political commentator and TV documentary host. ... Nudge nudge is a sketch from the third Monty Pythons Flying Circus episode, How to Recognise Different Types of Trees From Quite a Long Way Away featuring Eric Idle (author of the sketch) and Terry Jones as two strangers who meet in a pub. ... Eric Idle (born March 29, 1943) is an English comedian, actor, author and composer of comedic songs. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... , South Shields is a coastal town in Tyne and Wear, England, on the south bank of the mouth of the River Tyne, with a population of about 90,000. ... Tyne and Wear is a metropolitan county in the North East of England around the mouths of the Rivers Tyne and Wear. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Splitting Heirs is a 1993 British film starring Eric Idle, Rick Moranis, Barbara Hershey, Catherine Zeta-Jones, John Cleese and Sadie Frost. ... An Alan Smithee Film Burn Hollywood Burn (though the onscreen title is simply Burn Hollywood Burn) was made in 1997 and released in 1998. ... Monty Pythons Spamalot is a comedic musical lovingly ripped off from the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975). ... John Du Prez (born December 14, 1946 in Sheffield) is a musician who has often worked with Eric Idle for the music for Monty Python. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is about the film. ...


Terry Jones was born on 1 February 1942 in Colwyn Bay, Conwy, Wales. The mildest member of Python, he has rarely received the same attention as his colleagues, but has been described by other members of the team as the “heart” of the operation. Python biographer George Perry has commented that should you "speak to him on subjects as diverse as fossil fuels, or Rupert Bear, or mercenaries in the Middle Ages or Modern China... in a moment you will find yourself hopelessly out of your depth, floored by his knowledge." Many others agree that Jones is characterised by his irrepressible, good-natured enthusiasm, which is perhaps the reason for his unflagging loyalty to the preservation of the group. However, Jones' passion often led to prolonged arguments with other group members — in particular Cleese — with Jones often unwilling to back down. Since his major contributions were largely behind the scenes (direction, writing), and he often deferred to the other members of the group as an actor, Jones' importance to Python was often underrated. Recent Python literature has highlighted his lead role in maintaining the group's unity and creative independence. He was diagnosed with bowel cancer in October 2006. Terence Graham Parry Jones (born in Colwyn Bay, Wales, on February 1, 1942) is a British comedian, screenwriter and actor, film director, childrens author, popular historian, political commentator and TV documentary host. ... is the 32nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Colwyn Bay at sunset Colwyn Bay (Welsh: Bae Colwyn) is a town and seaside resort on the coast of the Irish Sea in North Wales. ... This article is about the town. ... This article is about the country. ... Fossil fuels or mineral fuels are fossil source fuels, this is, hydrocarbons found within the top layer of the earth’s crust. ... Rupert Bear Mary Tourtel, the author, lived in Ivy Lane, Canterbury towards the end of her life Rupert Bear is a cartoon character created by the English artist Mary Tourtel and who first appeared in the Daily Express on November 8, 1920. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ...

Palin with Connie Booth performing The Lumberjack Song
Palin with Connie Booth performing The Lumberjack Song

Michael Palin was born on 5 May 1943 in Sheffield, South Yorkshire, England. The youngest Python by a matter of weeks, Palin is often lovingly referred to as "the nice one." He attended Oxford, where he met his Python writing partner Jones. The two also wrote the series Ripping Yarns together. Palin and Jones originally wrote face-to-face, but soon found it was more productive to write apart and then come together to review what the other had written. Therefore, Jones and Palin's sketches tended to be more focused than that of the other four, taking one bizarre, hilarious situation, sticking to it, and building on it. Image File history File links Lumberjack_Song. ... Image File history File links Lumberjack_Song. ... Constance Booth (Born: December 2, 1944) is an American writer and actress best known for her appearances on British television, and particularly for her work with her former husband John Cleese. ... Michael Palin performs The Lumberjack Song, with Connie Booth as his best girl. ... Michael Edward Palin, CBE (born 5 May 1943) is an English comedian, actor, writer and television presenter best known for being one of the members of the comedy group Monty Python and for his travel documentaries. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link will display full 1943 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Sheffield (disambiguation). ... South Yorkshire is a metropolitan and ceremonial county in the Yorkshire and the Humber Government Office Region of England, in the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...


Associate Pythons

Several people have been accorded unofficial "Associate Python" status over the years. Occasionally such people have been referred to as the 7th Python - in a style reminiscent of associates of the Beatles being dubbed "The 5th Beatle." The two collaborators with the most meaningful and plentiful contributions have been Neil Innes and Carol Cleveland. Both were present and presented as Associate Pythons at the official Monty Python 25th anniversary celebrations held in Los Angeles in July 1994. The Beatles appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show in 1964 as part of their first tour of the United States, promoting their first hit single there, I Want To Hold Your Hand. ... The Fifth Beatle can refer to one (or more) of several people who were at one point a member of The Beatles, or had a strong association with the fab four, other than John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison, or Ringo Starr. ... Neil James Innes (born 9 December 1944, in Danbury, Essex) is an English writer and performer of comic songs, best known for his collaborative work with Monty Python, and for playing in the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band and later The Rutles. ... Carols first Python appearance. ...


Neil Innes was born on December 9, 1944, in Danbury, Essex, England, is the only non-Python besides Douglas Adams to be credited with writing material for the Flying Circus. He appeared in sketches and the Python films, as well as performing some of his songs in Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl. He was also a regular stand-in for absent Pythons on the rare occasions when they appear to re-create sketches. For example, he took the place of Cleese when he was unable to appear at the memorial concert for George Harrison. Gilliam once noted that if anyone qualified for the title of the "Seventh Python," it would certainly be Innes. He was one of the creative talents in the off-beat Bonzo Dog Band, appreciated for such nutty compositions as "The Intro and the Outro" and "I'm The Urban Spaceman." He would later portray Ron Nasty of the Rutles and write all of the Rutles' compositions for All You Need is Cash. By 2005, an unfortunate falling out had occurred between Eric Idle and Innes over additional Rutles projects, the results being Innes' critically acclaimed Rutles "reunion" album The Rutles: Archaeology and Idle's undistinguished, straight-to-DVD Rutles sequel The Rutles 2: Can't Buy Me Lunch, each undertaken without participation from the other. According to an interview with Idle carried by the Chicago Tribune in May 2005, his attitude as a result of the dispute is that he and Innes go back "too far. And no further." Innes has maintained a diplomatic silence on the dispute. Neil James Innes (born 9 December 1944, in Danbury, Essex) is an English writer and performer of comic songs, best known for his collaborative work with Monty Python, and for playing in the Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band and later The Rutles. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Danbury is a village in Essex, England. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Douglas Noël Adams (11 March 1952 – 11 May 2001) was an English author, comic radio dramatist, and musician. ... Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl is a 1982 film in which the Monty Python team perform many of their greatest sketches and skits in the Hollywood Bowl, including a couple of pre-Python ones. ... DVD Cover For the released album, see Concert for George (album). ... The Bonzo Dog Band (also known as The Bonzo Dog Doo-Dah Band, The Bonzo Dog Dada Band and, colloquially, as The Bonzos) was a band created by a group of British art-school denizens of the 1960s. ... All You Need Is Cash (also known as The Rutles) is a 1978 television film that traces (in mockumentary style) the career of a British rock group called The Rutles. ...

Carol Cleveland as the stereotypical "blonde bombshell" in the Marriage Guidance Counsellor sketch.
Carol Cleveland as the stereotypical "blonde bombshell" in the Marriage Guidance Counsellor sketch.

Carol Cleveland was born January 13, 1942 in London, England and commonly referred to as the "Seventh Python," or the "Python Girl," Carol Cleveland was the most important female performer in the Monty Python ensemble. Originally hired by producer/director John Howard Davies for just the first five episodes of Monty Python's Flying Circus, she went on to appear in approximately two-thirds of the episodes as well as in all of the Python films, and in most of their stage shows as well. Her common portrayal as the stereotypical "blonde bimbo" eventually earned her the sobriquet "Carol Cleavage" by the other Pythons, but she felt that the variety of her roles should not be described in such a pejorative way. Carol Cleveland. ... Carol Cleveland. ... The Marriage Guidance Counsellor sketch is from the second Monty Pythons Flying Circus episode, Sex and Violence. It was also featured in the 1971 spinoff film And Now For Something Completely Different. ... Carols first Python appearance. ... is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link will display the full 1942 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... Carols first Python appearance. ... John Howard Davies (born London 9 March 1939) is a British film actor, television director and producer. ...


Other contributors

Connie Booth

John Cleese's ex-wife Connie Booth, who went on to write and star with him in Fawlty Towers, was probably the only other significant female performer. She appeared in, amongst others "The Lumberjack Song" and as the "witch" in Monty Python and the Holy Grail. Constance Booth (Born: December 2, 1944) is an American writer and actress best known for her appearances on British television, and particularly for her work with her former husband John Cleese. ... Fawlty Towers is a British sitcom made by the BBC and first broadcast on BBC2 in 1975. ...


Douglas Adams

Douglas Adams was "discovered" by Graham Chapman when a version of the Footlights Revue (a 1974 BBC2 television show featuring some of Adams' early work) was performed live in London's West End. The two formed a brief writing partnership, and Adams earned a writing credit in one episode (episode 45: "Party Political Broadcast on Behalf of the Liberal Party") of Monty Python's Flying Circus for a sketch called "Patient Abuse". In the sketch, a man who had been stabbed by a nurse arrives at his doctor's office bleeding profusely from the stomach, when the doctor makes him fill out numerous senseless forms before he can administer treatment (a joke Adams later incorporated into the Vogons' obsession with paperwork in The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy). Adams also contributed to a sketch on the album for Monty Python and the Holy Grail. He had two "blink and you miss them" appearances in the fourth series of Monty Python's Flying Circus. At the beginning of Episode 42, "The Light Entertainment War," Adams is in a surgeon's mask (as Dr. Emile Koning, according to the on-screen captions), pulling on gloves, while Michael Palin narrates a sketch that introduces one person after another, and never actually gets started. At the beginning of Episode 44, "Mr. Neutron," Adams is dressed in a "pepperpot" outfit and loads a missile onto a cart, driven by Terry Jones, who is calling out for scrap metal ("Any old iron..."). The two episodes were first broadcast in November 1974. Adams and Chapman also attempted a few non-Python projects, including Out of the Trees. Douglas Noël Adams (11 March 1952 – 11 May 2001) was an English author, comic radio dramatist, and musician. ... For the BBC radio station, see BBC Radio 2. ... The interior of Covent Garden Market in the West End The West End of London is an area of Central London, England, containing many of the citys major tourist attractions, businesses, and administrative headquarters. ... This article is about the television series. ... For medical references to Patient/Senior Abuse , see Elder Abuse. ... This is a list of races, fauna and flora featured in various incarnations of The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy. ... The cover of the first novel in the Hitchhikers series, from a late 1990s printing. ... Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 film written and performed by the comedy group Monty Python (Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin), and directed by Gilliam and Jones. ... Pepperpot is a term created by Monty Python member Graham Chapman to describe a class of character frequently utilized in the groups comedy sketches. ... Out of the Trees was a television sketch show pilot written by Graham Chapman, Douglas Adams and Bernard McKenna and broadcast on BBC 2. ...


Eddie Izzard

Stand-up comedian Eddie Izzard, a devoted fan of the group, has occasionally stood in for absent members. When the BBC held a "Python Night" in 1999 to celebrate 30 years of the first broadcast of Flying Circus, the Pythons recorded some new material with Izzard standing in for Idle, who had declined to partake in person (Idle taped a solo contribution from the US). Izzard hosted a history of the group entitled The Life of Python (1999) that was part of the Python Night and appeared with them at a festival/tribute in Aspen, Colorado, in 1998 (released on DVD as Live at Aspen). Edward John Eddie Izzard (born February 7, 1962) is an English[1] stand-up comedian and actor, known for his cross-dressing. ... The City of Aspen is a Home Rule Municipality that is the most populous city and the county seat of Pitkin County, Colorado, United States. ...


'Pythonesque'

Monty Python casts a considerable shadow over modern comedy. As such, the term 'pythonesque' has become a byword in surreal humour.[14] However, this is perhaps somewhat misleading, since the humour of Monty Python, whilst certainly nonsensical and surreal, is still strongly characterised by a preoccupation with sociological concepts such as the British social class system. These themes cannot be said to be essential to surrealist comedy as a whole. Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ...


The term has also been applied to animations similar to those constructed by Terry Gilliam (e.g. the music video to Franz Ferdinand's "Take Me Out"); some say that "Gilliamesque" would be more accurate. Franz Ferdinand are an award winning rock band, from Glasgow, Scotland. ... Take Me Out is the breakthrough hit and second single from Scottish band Franz Ferdinand. ...


Python media

The Monty Python comedy troupe branched off into a variety of different media after the success of their sketch comedy television series, Monty Pythons Flying Circus. ...

Television

The show that started the Python phenomenon. See also List of Monty Python's Flying Circus Episodes.
Two 45-minute specials made by WDR for West German television. The first was recorded in German, while the second was in English with German dubbing.
Six one-hour specials, each episode presenting the best of one member's work.

This article is about the television series. ... List of all 45 episodes from the television series Monty Pythons Flying Circus: // (episode 1; aired October 5, 1969; recorded September 7, 1969) Its Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Italian Lesson Whizzo Butter Its the Arts Arthur Two Sheds Jackson Picasso/Cycling Race The Funniest Joke in the World... Cover of the VHS release of Monty Pythons Fliegender Zirkus. ... The Westdeutsche Rundfunk (WDR) is a public broadcaster in the German Bundesland North Rhine-Westphalia with its main office is in Köln. ... In filmmaking, dubbing or looping is the process of recording or replacing voices for a motion picture. ... Monty Pythons Personal Best is a miniseries of six hour-long specials, each showcasing the contributions of a particular Monty Python member. ...

Films

Cast on the set of Monty Python and the Holy Grail. From Left to Right: Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, Terry Gilliam and Michael Palin.

There were five Monty Python productions released as theatrical films: Monty Python. ... Monty Python. ... Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 film written and performed by the comedy group Monty Python (Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin), and directed by Gilliam and Jones. ...

A collection of sketches from the first and second TV series of Monty Python's Flying Circus purposely re-enacted and shot for film.
King Arthur and his knights embark on a low-budget search for the Holy Grail, encountering humorous obstacles along the way. Some of these turned into standalone sketches.
  • Monty Python’s Life of Brian (1979)
Brian is born on the first Christmas, in the stable next to Jesus'. He spends his life being mistaken for a messiah.
A videotape recording directed by Ian MacNaughton of a live performance of sketches. Originally intended for a TV/video special. Transferred to 35mm and given a limited theatrical release in the US.
An examination of the meaning of life in a series of sketches from conception to death and beyond, from the uniquely Python perspective.

And Now For Something Completely Different is a film spinoff from the television comedy series Monty Pythons Flying Circus featuring favourite sketches from the first two seasons. ... This article is about the television series. ... Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 film written and performed by the comedy group Monty Python (Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin), and directed by Gilliam and Jones. ... Monty Pythons Life of Brian is a 1979 comedy written and performed by the Monty Python comedy team. ... Monty Python Live at the Hollywood Bowl is a 1982 film in which the Monty Python team perform many of their greatest sketches and skits in the Hollywood Bowl, including a couple of pre-Python ones. ... Ian MacNaughton (December 30, 1925 – December 10, 1999) was a television producer/director, best known for his work with the Monty Python team. ... Limited release is a term in the American motion picture industry for a motion picture that is playing in a select few theaters across the country (typically in cities such as New York and Los Angeles). ... The Meaning of Life was a Monty Python comedy film made in 1983. ...

Albums

Album cover. ... Another Monty Python Record was the second album produced by the Monty Python comedy group, released in 1971. ... Monty Pythons Previous Record was the third album by Monty Python, released in 1972. ... The Monty Python Matching Tie and Handkerchief was the fourth album by the Monty Python comedy group, released in 1973. ... Monty Python Live at Drury Lane is a record released by Monty Python in 1974. ... The Album of the Soundtrack of the Trailer of the the Film of Monty Python and the Holy Grail is an album released by Monty Python in 1975. ... Monty Python Live at City Center is an album released by Monty Python. ... Categories: Album stubs | Monty Python albums ... Monty Pythons Life of Brian is an album released by Monty Python in conjunction with the 1979 movie Monty Pythons Life of Brian. ... Monty Pythons Contractual Obligation Album (or simply Contractual Obligation Album) is an album released by Monty Python in 1980. ... Monty Pythons Meaning of Life is an album released by Monty Python in 1983. ... Album cover. ... Monty Python Sings was a comedy album of songs written by the Monty Python team. ... Categories: Album stubs | Monty Python albums ... The Instant Monty Python CD Collection is a box set released in 1994 of six CDs containing eight albums by the Monty Python troupe. ... Monty Pythons Spamalot is a musical based on the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975). ... Monty Python and the Holy Grail is a 1975 film written and performed by the comedy group Monty Python (Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, and Michael Palin), and directed by Gilliam and Jones. ... Timothy James Curry (born April 19, 1946) is an English actor, singer and composer, perhaps best known for his role as mad scientist Dr. Frank-N-Furter in The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1975). ... The Hastily Cobbled Together for a Fast Buck Album is an album that has never been released by the Monty Python troupe. ...

Theatre

  • Monty Python's Flying Circus — between 1974 and 1980 (Live at the Hollywood Bowl was released in 1982 but was performed in 1980) the Pythons made three sketch based stage shows, comprising mainly of material from the original television series.
    The first and only authorised stage version of the sketch show to be performed by non-Pythons is currently touring Great Britain, and is highly successful, with Gilliam calling it, 'better than we could manage at the time'. This is despite its twist — the fact that it is being performed in French. It was originally performed in Paris where it was successful before being a surprise hit at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival. With the strapline, 'Et maintenant pour quelque chose complètement différent!'. It is titled for English audiences with similar facilities to those used for deaf or hearing-impaired.[15]
  • Monty Python's Spamalot (The musical 'lovingly' ripped off from the motion picture Monty Python and the Holy Grail)
    Written by Idle directed by Nichols, with music and lyrics by John Du Prez and Idle, and starring Hank Azaria, Tim Curry, and David Hyde Pierce, Spamalot is a musical adaptation of the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail. It ran in Chicago from December 21, 2004 to January 23, 2005, and began showing on Broadway on March 17, 2005. It won three Tonys.
  • Not the Messiah
    The Toronto Symphony Orchestra have commissioned Eric Idle and John Du Prez to write the music and lyrics of an oratorio based on Monty Python's Life of Brian. Entitled Not the Messiah, it will have its world premiere as part of Luminato, a "festival of arts and creativity" taking place June 1-10, 2007 in Toronto. Not the Messiah will be conducted by Peter Oundjian, Music Director of the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, who is also Eric Idle’s full cousin. It will be performed by a narrator, the Toronto Symphony Orchestra, with guest soloists and choir. According to Idle, "It will be funnier than Handel, though not as good".

Recently, a stage version of Monty Pythons Flying Circus has been translated into French and adapted by a troup of actors, headed by Rémy Renoux. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Categories: Festival stubs | Edinburgh ... The word deaf can have very different meanings depending on the background of the person speaking or the context in which the word is used. ... Monty Pythons Spamalot is a comedic musical lovingly ripped off from the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975). ... John Du Prez (born December 14, 1946 in Sheffield) is a musician who has often worked with Eric Idle for the music for Monty Python. ... Hank Albert Azaria (born April 25, 1964 in Forest Hills, Queens, New York, United States) is an American actor, director, comedian and voice artist. ... Timothy James Curry (born April 19, 1946) is an English actor, singer and composer, perhaps best known for his role as mad scientist Dr. Frank-N-Furter in The Rocky Horror Picture Show (1975). ... David Hyde Pierce (born April 3, 1959) is a Screen Actors Guild, Tony and Emmy Award-winning American actor, best known for his co-starring role as psychiatrist Dr. Niles Crane on the NBC sitcom Frasier alongside Kelsey Grammer. ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City 234. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 76th day of the year (77th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Toronto Symphony Orchestra is a leading Canadian orchestra. ... An oratorio is a large musical composition for orchestra, vocal soloists and chorus. ... Peter Oundjian (born 1955, Toronto, Ontario, Canada) is a violinist and conductor, the youngest of five children from an Armenian father and English mother. ... HANDEL was the code-name for the UKs National Attack Warning System in the Cold War. ...

Books

  • Monty Python's Big Red Book
  • Monty Python's Life of Brianscrapbook

Things named after Monty Python

Python is a high-level programming language first released by Guido van Rossum in 1991. ... Guido van Rossum Guido van Rossum is a Dutch computer programmer who is best known as the author of the Python programming language. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Larry Wall Larry Wall (born September 27, 1954) is a programmer, linguist, and author, most widely known for his creation of the Perl programming language in 1987. ... Wikibooks has a book on the topic of Perl Programming Perl is a dynamic programming language created by Larry Wall and first released in 1987. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wikisource. ... Bytecode is a binary representation of an executable program designed to be executed by a virtual machine rather than by dedicated hardware. ... The Miocene Epoch is a period of time that extends from about 23. ... Riversleigh, in North West Queensland, is a 100 km² area containing fossil remains of ancient mammals of the Oligocene and Miocene. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... A paleontologist carefully chips rock from a column of dinosaur vertebrae. ... For the science of classifying living things, see alpha taxonomy. ... This article is about electronic spam. ... Ben & Jerrys is a brand of ice cream, frozen yogurt, sorbet, and ice cream novelty products, manufactured by Ben & Jerrys Homemade Holdings, Inc. ... For other uses, see Asteroid (disambiguation). ... 9617 Grahamchapman is an asteroid in the main belt between Mars and Jupiter. ... 9618 Johncleese is an asteroid in the main belt between Mars and Jupiter. ... 9619 Terrygilliam is an asteroid in the main belt between Mars and Jupiter. ... 9620 Ericidle is an asteroid in the main belt between Mars and Jupiter. ... 9621 Michaelpalin is an asteroid in the main belt between Mars and Jupiter. ... 9622 Terryjones is an asteroid in the main belt between Mars and Jupiter. ... Members of Toad the Wet Sprocket on the cover of Acoustic Dance Party. ... ← The Bad Beginning | The Wide Window → The Reptile Room is a childrens novel and the second of A Series of Unfortunate Events by Lemony Snicket. ... Black Sheep ale Black Sheep brewery is a brewery in Masham, Yorkshire. ... For other uses, see Ale (disambiguation). ... Red Hot Chili Peppers are an American alternative rock band formed in Los Angeles, California in 1983. ... Anthony Kiedis (born November 1, 1962) is an American singer and songwriter. ... Californication is the seventh studio album by American rock band Red Hot Chili Peppers, released on June 8, 1999 on Warner Bros. ... John Anthony Frusciante (IPA pronunciation: ) (born March 5, 1970) is an American guitarist, singer, songwriter and record producer. ... Monty (formerly Robotman) is the title of an ongoing American comic strip created, written and illustrated by cartoonist Jim Meddick. ... Jim Meddick is an American cartoonist. ...

See also

George Harrison in All You Need Is Cash. ... List of all 45 episodes from the television series Monty Pythons Flying Circus: // (episode 1; aired October 5, 1969; recorded September 7, 1969) Its Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Italian Lesson Whizzo Butter Its the Arts Arthur Two Sheds Jackson Picasso/Cycling Race The Funniest Joke in the World... This article is about the television series. ... Very few characters of the BBC television series Monty Python appeared in more than one episode, and when they did, it was usually to link sketches together. ... The Goon Show was a popular and influential British radio comedy programme, originally produced and broadcast by the BBC from 1951 to 1960 on the BBC Home Service. ... The Goodies was a surreal British television comedy series of the 1970s and early 1980s combining sketches and situation comedy and starring Graeme Garden, Tim Brooke-Taylor and Bill Oddie. ... Album of Beyond the Fringe Published by EMI in 1996 Beyond the Fringe was a British comedy stage revue written and performed by Peter Cook, Dudley Moore, Alan Bennett and Jonathan Miller. ... Monty Pythons Spamalot is a comedic musical lovingly ripped off from the film Monty Python and the Holy Grail (1975). ... Monty Pythons Complete Waste of Time is a collection of minigames, screen savers, desktop wallpaper and icons for Mac OS, DOS and Windows. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Gilliam was born American and additionally obtained British citizenship in 1968. In protest to George W. Bush, he renounced his American citizenship in January 2006 and is now only a British citizen. oew/dpa/ddp (10 February 2006). Kopflos am Potsdamer Platz. tagesspiegel (German, retrieved 15 September 2007)
  2. ^ Wilmut (1980), p.250.
  3. ^ The Pythons by 'The Pythons' IBSN 0752852930
  4. ^ Todd Leopold. "How Monty Python changed the world", CNN, 2003-12-11. Retrieved on 2007-03-30. “Python has been called "the Beatles of comedy,"” 
  5. ^ Mark Lewisohn. Monty Python's Flying Circus. The bbc.uk.co Guide to Comedy. BBC. Retrieved on 2007-03-31. “In essence, the Monty Python team are the comedy equivalent of the Beatles.”
  6. ^ The Pythons Autobiography By The Pythons—Graham Chapman, John Cleese, Terry Gilliam, Eric Idle, Terry Jones, Michael Palin, John Chapman, David Sherlock, Bob McCabe—Thomas Dunne Books; Orion, 2003
  7. ^ Wilmut (1980), p.211
  8. ^ a b Museum of Broadcast Communications. Monty Python's Flying Circus.
  9. ^ Monty Python's Flying Circus Just The Words Volume 1, p33. Methuen, 1990
  10. ^ Richard Ouzounian, "Python still has legs", Toronto Star, July 16, 2006
  11. ^ IMDB; as of January 2005; includes pre-release items.
  12. ^ Monty Python reunion 'unlikely', BBC News, 9 September 2003
  13. ^ EXCLUSIVE NEW "MONTY PYTHON" SPECIALS SLATED TO PREMIERE IN 2006 ONLY ON PBS, PBS, July 13, 2005
  14. ^ "Monty Pythonesque." Webster's New Millennium™ Dictionary of English, Preview Edition (v 0.9.7). Lexico Publishing Group, LLC. 23 Nov. 2007. <Dictionary.com http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Monty Pythonesque>
  15. ^ Riverside Studios.
  16. ^ Monty Python - a Brief History, BBC, January 29, 2002

George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 89th day of the year (90th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 90th day of the year (91st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Richard Ouzounian (born March 8, 1950 in New York, NY) is the chief theatre critic for the Toronto Star, Canada’s largest daily newspaper. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... BBC News is the department within the BBC responsible for the corporations news-gathering and production of news programmes on BBC television, radio and online. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... is the 194th day of the year (195th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see BBC (disambiguation). ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ...

References

  • Chapman, Graham (1997). Graham Crackers: Fuzzy Memories, Silly Bits, and Outright Lies, Career Pr Inc. ISBN 1-56414-334-1
  • Morgan, David (June 1999). Monty Python Speaks, a Spike imprint, Avon Books Inc., New York, New York. ISBN 0-380-80479-4
  • Wilmut, Roger (1980). From Fringe to Flying Circus, Eyre Methuen Ltd, London. ISBN 0-413-50770-X

Further reading

  • Landy, Marcia (2005). Monty Python's Flying Circus. Wayne State University Press. ISBN 0-8143-3103-3. 

External links

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