FACTOID # 26: Delaware is the latchkey kid capital of America, with 71.8% of households having both parents in the labor force.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Montreal Metro
Montreal Metro
Locale Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Transit type(s) Rapid transit
Began operation October 14, 1966
System length 66.0 km or 41.0 miles
No. of lines 4
No. of stations 68
Daily ridership 785,000+ (FY 2006)
Operator Société de transport de Montréal

The Montreal Metro is the main form of public transportation within the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 374 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1494 × 2395 pixel, file size: 558 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Here is code you can copy and paste (click edit to see it). ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... , Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Official languages French Government - Lieutenant-Governor Pierre Duchesne - Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 75 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area  Ranked 2nd - Total 1,542,056 km² (595... Bangkok Skytrain. ... “Mass Transit” redirects here. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Société de transport de Montréal or Montreal Transit Corporation is the agency that operates buses and the Métro in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Bangkok Skytrain. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... , Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Official languages French Government - Lieutenant-Governor Pierre Duchesne - Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 75 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area  Ranked 2nd - Total 1,542,056 km² (595...


The Metro, operated by the Société de transport de Montréal (STM), was inaugurated on October 14, 1966, during the tenure of Mayor Jean Drapeau. Originally consisting of 26 stations on three separate lines, the Metro now incorporates 68 stations on four lines measuring 66.0 kilometres (41.0 miles) in length, serving the north, east, and centre of the Island of Montreal with a connection to Longueuil, via the Yellow Line, and Laval, via the Orange line. The metro system is currently Canada's second longest and second in total annual passenger usage (in both respects to Toronto's subway system), serving 286.7 million riders a year; according to the STM website, the metro system has transported over 6 billion passengers as of 2006, which is equivalent to the world's population. The Montreal Metro was inspired by the Paris Metro and in turn is also the inspiration for the Lyon (France) Metro, constructed a few years later, which shares the same rubber-wheel car design and Montreal Metro station architecture. The Société de transport de Montréal or Montreal Transit Corporation is the agency that operates buses and the Métro in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the 1966 Gregorian calendar. ... Jean Drapeau, mayor of Montreal Jean Drapeau CC , GOQ (February 18, 1916 – August 12, 1999) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as mayor of Montreal from 1954 to 1957 and 1960 to 1986. ... Exterior open entrance to a metro station (Tribunal station in Madrid) A metro station is a railway station for a rapid transit system, often known by names such as metro and subway. It is often underground or elevated. ... The Island of Montreal (in French, île de Montréal), in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, is located at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. ... Longueuil is a city in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River across from Montreal, of which it is a suburb. ... The Yellow (Line 4) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Motto: Unité, progrès, grandeur(French) Unity, Progress, Greatness City of Laval Coordinates: , Country Province Founded Established 1965 Government  - City Mayor Gilles Vaillancourt (since 1989) Area  - City 247. ... The Orange (Line 2) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... The Toronto subway and RT is the main rapid transit (RT) railway system in Toronto, Ontario, Canada operated by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC). ... “Métro” redirects here. ... A rack-railway train of line C at the station Croix-Paquet. ...

Contents

History

1966 Montreal Metro onboard network map
1976 Montreal Metro map, with planned extensions to Lines 2 Orange and 5 Blue
Current map of the metro
Current map of the metro

Construction began in May 1962 and was engaged before Montreal was chosen as host of the 1967 World's Fair (Expo 67), held in the summer of 1967. Regardless of the fair, the city badly needed a mass transportation system, projects dating back to 1910.[1] The main lines (Green (Line 1), Atwater to Frontenac; and Orange (Line 2), Bonaventure to Henri-Bourassa) were opened gradually starting in October 1966, with the Yellow line (Line 4) (Berri-de-Montigny to Longueuil, on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River) not opened until April 1967. Image File history File links Plan-1966. ... Image File history File links Plan-1966. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1755x1275, 697 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Montreal Metro ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1755x1275, 697 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Montreal Metro ... Image File history File links Mtl-metro-map. ... Image File history File links Mtl-metro-map. ... The 1967 International and Universal Exposition, or simply Expo 67 was the General Exhibition Category 1 Worlds Fair held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from April 27 to October 29, 1967. ... The Green (Line 1) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Atwater is a station on the Montreal Metro Green Line. ... Frontenac Frontenac is a station on the Montreal Metro Green Line. ... The Orange (Line 2) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Bonaventure is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line, located in the borough of Ville-Marie in downtown Montreal. ... Henri-Bourassa is a station on the Montreal Metro, the eastern terminus of the Orange Line, located in the Ahuntsic district in the borough of Ahuntsic-Cartierville. ... The Yellow (Line 4) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Berri-UQAM is the central station of the Montreal Metro, located in the Quartier Latin in the borough of Ville-Marie. ... Longueuil–Université-de-Sherbrooke is a station on the Montreal Metro, the southern terminus of the Yellow Line. ... TheSaint Lawrence River (In French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ...


A Line 3 was originally intended as a surface metro running in part through the existing railway tracks running under Mount Royal to Cartierville. But then, as negotiations with the Canadian National Railway (CN Rail) for the use of their tracks and tunnel were stalled, Montreal was chosen as host of the Expo 67. Plans and budgets were therefore redirected for the design and construction of a replacement line, Line 4, constructed especially for Expo 67, in place of the never built Line 3, whose tracks are now used for the Deux-Montagnes commuter train. The Montreal Metro nonetheless continues to be numbered as if this proposed line had been constructed as Line 3 of the Metro. In the Montreal Metro, Line 3 was a line that never made it past its planning stage. ... For other uses, see Mount Royal (disambiguation). ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... The Deux-Montagnes line is a commuter rail line operated in the Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada area, by the Agence métropolitaine de transport, or AMT, (in English, the Metropolitan transportation agency), the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services across this region. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ...


With the awarding of the 1976 Summer Olympics to Montreal, construction began in October 1971 for the extension of Line 1 from Frontenac to Honoré-Beaugrand to service the main Olympic site; the new stations were opened in June 1976. The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, were held in 1976 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Green (Line 1) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Frontenac Frontenac is a station on the Montreal Metro Green Line. ... Honoré-Beaugrand Honoré-Beaugrand is a station, the eastern terminus of the Green Line of the Montreal Metro. ...


Later, Line 1 was extended from Atwater to Angrignon (September 1978), while Line 2 was extended from Bonaventure to Place-Saint-Henri (April 1980), Snowdon (September 1981), Côte-Sainte-Catherine and Plamondon (January and June 1982), and Du Collège (January 1984). Atwater is a station on the Montreal Metro Green Line. ... Angrignon Angrignon is a metro station in Montreal, Québec. ... Bonaventure is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line, located in the borough of Ville-Marie in downtown Montreal. ... Place-Saint-Henri is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line, located in the Saint-Henri area of the borough of Le Sud-Ouest. ... Snowdon is a transfer station on the Montreal Metro, with access to Orange and Blue lines. ... Côte-Sainte-Catherine is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line, located in the Côte-des-Neiges area of the borough of Côte-des-Neiges/Notre-Dame-de-Grâce. ... Plamondon is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line. ... Du Collège is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line, located in the borough of Saint-Laurent. ...


Two years later, a new line (Blue (Line 5)) was built from De Castelnau to Saint-Michel (June 1986), with transfers to Line 2 at Jean-Talon, and Line 2 was extended further to Côte-Vertu (November 1986). Line 5 was then extended to Parc (June 1987), Acadie (March 1988), and the existing Snowdon station on Line 2 (January 1988). To this date, the Montreal Metro is Canada's second largest subway system. The Blue (Line 5) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... De Castelnau is a station on the Montreal Metro Blue Line. ... Saint-Michel is a station on the Montreal Metro Blue Line. ... Jean-Talon is a transfer station on the Montreal Metro, with access to Orange and Blue lines. ... Côte-Vertu is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line, located in the borough of Saint-Laurent. ... Parc is a station on the Montreal Metro Blue Line. ... Acadie is a station on the Montreal Metro Blue Line. ... Snowdon is a transfer station on the Montreal Metro, with access to Orange and Blue lines. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


The lines however, were not planned to end where they eventually did in 1990; Line 2 was originally meant to have two or three more stations beyond Côte-Vertu, however, priority funding was given to Line 5; The plans for Deguire/Poirier, Bois-Franc, and Salaberry stations were scrubbed. Line 5 itself was shortened due to funding issues. It was originally been projected to have stops west of Snowdon (Côte Saint-Luc, Cavendish, Montréal-Ouest, Lafleur) and east of Saint-Michel (Pie-IX, Viau, Lacordaire, Langelier, Galeries d’Anjou). Year 1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 1990 Gregorian calendar). ... Côte-Vertu is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line, located in the borough of Saint-Laurent. ... Snowdon is a transfer station on the Montreal Metro, with access to Orange and Blue lines. ... Saint-Michel is a station on the Montreal Metro Blue Line. ...


An entire metro line in initial planning was also scrubbed, the so-called Line 7/Pie IX - Saint-Leonard/White Line, also due to the same funding issues. Proposed for the first time by the Bureau des Transports de Montréal (BTM) in September 1983, the original project for a new north-south line (Line 7, the number 6 being reserved for another surface metro line proposed by the Ministère des Transports du Québec (MTQ)) would have had 10 stations (from Pie-IX to Léger), which then got formally proposed by the Communauté urbaine de Montréal (CUM) at the start of 1984, this time having 12 stations (from Pie-IX to Maurice-Duplessis/Langelier). Montréal Métro Line 7, often referenced as the White Line, is a planned underground subway line for Montreal subway system. ... Pie-IX Pie-IX is a station on the Montreal Metro Green Line. ... The Greater Montreal Area is a term used to describe either the Montreal, Quebec, Canada Census Metropolitan Area or the Montreal Metropolitan Community (French: Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal) The CMA is defined by Statistics Canada while the Montreal Metropolitan Community is a level of government in Quebec, and... Pie-IX Pie-IX is a station on the Montreal Metro Green Line. ...


While a number of proposals for further expansion had been studied over the years, it all went to a stop around 1990, when the Quebec provincial government placed a moratorium on further metro construction. Then, in 2002, construction began on an 3 stations extension of Line 2 from Henri-Bourassa under the Rivière des Prairies to Montmorency on the island of Laval (northwest of the island of Montreal). This extension was completed and the three new stations were opened on April 28, 2007. , Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Official languages French Government - Lieutenant-Governor Pierre Duchesne - Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 75 - Senate seats 24 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area  Ranked 2nd - Total 1,542,056 km² (595... Henri-Bourassa is a station on the Montreal Metro, the eastern terminus of the Orange Line, located in the Ahuntsic district in the borough of Ahuntsic-Cartierville. ... Dusk over ÃŽle de la Visitation and the Pont Papineau-Leblanc, Rivière des Prairies The Rivière des Prairies (sometimes called the Back River in English) is a channel of the Ottawa River in southwestern Quebec, Canada. ... Montmorency is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro in Laval, Quebec, Canada. ... Motto: Unité, progrès, grandeur (Unity, Progress, Greatness) Area: 247. ... The Island of Montreal (in French, île de Montréal), in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, is located at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. ... is the 118th day of the year (119th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...


Network

See also: Table of Montreal metro stations

The four Montreal Metro lines are identified by colour, by number, or by terminus station. The terminus station in the direction of travel is used to differentiate between directions of travel. The busiest line is the Orange Line, while the quietest is the Blue Line. The Yellow Line is the shortest line, with three stations, built for Expo 67. On April 28, 2007, three new stations were opened in Laval along the Orange Line. Metro lines that leave the Island of Montreal are the Orange Line, which continues to Laval, and the Yellow Line, which continues to Longueuil. This is a list of the metro stations on the four lines of the Montreal Metro, in Quebec, Canada. ... The Orange (Line 2) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... The Blue (Line 5) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... The Yellow (Line 4) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... The 1967 International and Universal Exposition, or simply Expo 67 was the General Exhibition Category 1 Worlds Fair held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from April 27 to October 29, 1967. ... Motto: Unité, progrès, grandeur(French) Unity, Progress, Greatness City of Laval Coordinates: , Country Province Founded Established 1965 Government  - City Mayor Gilles Vaillancourt (since 1989) Area  - City 247. ... The Orange (Line 2) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... The Island of Montreal (in French, île de Montréal), in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, is located at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. ... Motto: Unité, progrès, grandeur(French) Unity, Progress, Greatness City of Laval Coordinates: , Country Province Founded Established 1965 Government  - City Mayor Gilles Vaillancourt (since 1989) Area  - City 247. ... Motto: Labor et Concordia (work and harmony) Area: 283. ...

Line # Colour Termini Date First Built Date Last Changed Length Stations
1 Green Angrignon ↔ Honoré-Beaugrand 1966 1978 22.1 km 27
2 Orange Côte-Vertu ↔ Montmorency 1966 2007 30.0 km 31
4 Yellow Berri-UQAM ↔ Longueuil–Université-de-Sherbrooke 1967 1967 4.25 km 3
5 Blue Snowdon ↔ Saint-Michel 1986 1988 9.7 km 12

The Green (Line 1) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Angrignon Angrignon is a metro station in Montreal, Québec. ... Honoré-Beaugrand Honoré-Beaugrand is a station, the eastern terminus of the Green Line of the Montreal Metro. ... The Orange (Line 2) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Côte-Vertu is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line, located in the borough of Saint-Laurent. ... Montmorency is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro in Laval, Quebec, Canada. ... The Yellow (Line 4) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Berri-UQAM is the central station of the Montreal Metro, located in the Quartier Latin in the borough of Ville-Marie. ... Longueuil–Université-de-Sherbrooke is a station on the Montreal Metro, the southern terminus of the Yellow Line. ... The Blue (Line 5) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Snowdon is a transfer station on the Montreal Metro, with access to Orange and Blue lines. ... Saint-Michel is a station on the Montreal Metro Blue Line. ...

Rolling-stock

The Montreal Metro's 759-car fleet runs entirely underground and uses exclusively rubber tires instead of steel wheels. As noted in the STM official document, The Montreal Métro, a source of pride, the Metro runs entirely underground because, at the time of its initial planning in the early 1960s, rubber-tired metro technology was unable to operate in heavy winter conditions. Bogie from an MP 89 Paris Métro rolling stock An MP 73 Paris Métro rolling stock Rubber tracks between Pont de Neuilly and Esplanade de la Défense Rubber-tyred metro is a form of rail transport, but using some road technology: the vehicles have wheels with rubber...


Conception of the first generation of rolling-stock in Montreal went beyond just adopting the MP 59 metro car from Paris. MP 59 operating on Paris Metro Line 4. ... “Métro” redirects here. ...


North American cities building modern subway systems (Washington D.C., San Francisco, Atlanta, Montreal) in the 1960s and 1970s were in search of modern rolling-stock that not only best fit their needs, but also encompassing a change in industrial design that focused on the aesthetics and performance of public transit vehicles. The Washington Metro, or simply Metro, is the rapid transit system of Washington, D.C., and neighboring suburban communities in Maryland and Virginia, both inside and outside the Capital Beltway. ... Muni Metro is a mass transit system operated in the City and County of San Francisco by the San Francisco Municipal Railway, managed by the San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency. ... MARTA rail car at North Avenue station The Metropolitan Atlanta Rapid Transit Authority, more commonly called MARTA, is the principal rapid-transit system in the Atlanta metropolitan area, and the ninth largest in the United States. ...


Train floor levels are near flush with the station platforms, but unlike the Washington D.C. Metro, Montreal's Metro system is not wheelchair-accessible. All but three stations are without elevators. This has become a sore point for accessibility advocates in Montreal. The three stations in Laval are provided with elevators, and a retrofitting program is planned to begin adding elevators to stations on the Island of Montreal starting in 2008 and continuing over at least 25 years. Accordingly, the remodeling of the seating arrangement in the MR-73 cars has added a space for wheelchairs. Finally, lack of subway accessibility is somewhat mitigated by the STM's adapted transit system and the use of accessible low-floor buses on major lines. Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ...


Unlike most other major cities' subway systems, Montreal's subway cars lack air conditioning, which can make trips uncomfortable for passengers. Passengers cannot move between cars once on board with the current train stock, which can be an inconvenience if the car becomes overcrowded or when looking for a seat. Also contrasting with other cities are the very narrow width design of cars, which combined with the "T"-shaped placement of seats at the back, middle and front sections of cars, makes for a tight squeeze, especially during peak usage hours. In response to overcrowding on the orange line, a redesign of the MR-73 cars removed some seats to make for more standing room.


Design

Rubber tires of the Montreal Metro
Rubber tires of the Montreal Metro

Montreal's metro trains are made of LAHT (low-alloy high-tensile) steel, painted blue with a thick white stripe running its length. Trains are assembled in 3, 6 or 9-car lengths. Each three-car segment element consists of two motor cab cars encompassing a trailer car. Each car is 2.5 meters wide and has four wide bi-parting leaf doors on each side for rapid passenger entry and egress. The small cross section of the cars allows easier tunnel construction under existing underground utilities. The total capacity of each car is 160 passengers, 39 to 40 of which are seated. Design specifications called for station dwell times of typically 8 to 15 seconds. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x800, 64 KB) Summary Photo by Nora Vass 2006 march, Montreal Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (600x800, 64 KB) Summary Photo by Nora Vass 2006 march, Montreal Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ...


Each car has two sets of bogies (trucks), each with four sets of support tires, guide tires and backup conventional steel wheels. The motor cars each have four direct-current traction motors coupled to reduction gears and differentials. Montreal's metro trains use electromagnetic brakes, which create retarding forces against the side rails of the track. The electromagnetic brakes are generated by the train's kinetic energy until it has slowed down to about 10km/h. The train then uses composite brake pads made of yellow birch injected with peanut oil to bring it to a complete stop. Two sets are applied against the treads of the steel wheels for friction braking. Hard braking produces a characteristic burnt popcorn scent. Wooden brake shoes perform well, but if subjected to numerous high-speed applications they develop a carbon film that diminishes brake performance. A bogie is a wheeled wagon or trolley. ... Binomial name Betula alleghaniensis Britt. ...

View of a track from a sandpile bumper-post showing the cross-section of guide ways, concrete rollways and conventional track
View of a track from a sandpile bumper-post showing the cross-section of guide ways, concrete rollways and conventional track

Rubber tires make the Metro exceptionally quiet, transmit minimal vibration, and help the cars climb uphill more easily and negotiate turns at high speeds. However, the advantages of rubber tires are offset by noise levels generated by traction motors, which are noisier than the typical North American subway car. Trains can climb slopes of up to 6.5% and economize the most energy when following a humped-station profile (track profiles that descend to accelerate after leaving a station and climb before entering the station). Steel-wheel train technology has undergone significant advances and can better round tight curves, and climb and descend similar grades and slopes. Despite these advances, steel-wheel trains still cannot operate at high speeds (45 mph) on the same steep or tightly curved track profiles as a train equipped with rubber tires. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x625, 109 KB) Montréal Métro Beaugrand garage test track sandpile bumper post showing rubber-tyred metro track section with people indicating scale. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x625, 109 KB) Montréal Métro Beaugrand garage test track sandpile bumper post showing rubber-tyred metro track section with people indicating scale. ...


Train operation

Switches use conventional points on the standard gauge track to guide trains. Rubber tires keep supporting the full weight of the trains as they go through switches. Guideways are provided in order to ensure there are no gaps in the electrical power supply.
Switches use conventional points on the standard gauge track to guide trains. Rubber tires keep supporting the full weight of the trains as they go through switches. Guideways are provided in order to ensure there are no gaps in the electrical power supply.

All lines but the Yellow Line are equipped with automatic train control. Generally, the train operator supervises the opening and closing of doors, while the train drives itself. The train operator can also drive the train manually at his or her discretion. Signalling is effected through coded pulses sent through the rails. Coded speed orders and station stop positions transmitted through track beacons are captured by beacon readers mounted under the driver cabs. The information sent to the train's electronic modules conveys speed information, and it is up to the train automatic control system computer to conform to the imposed speed. Additionally, the train computer can receive energy-saving instructions from track beacons, providing the train with 4 different economical coasting modes, plus one mode for maximum performance. In case of manual control, track speed is displayed on the cab speedometer indicating the maximum permissible speed. The wayside signals consist of point (switch/turnout) position indicators in proximity to switches and inter-station signalling placed at each station stop. Trains often reach their maximum speed of 44-45 mph (70-72 km/h) in 16 to 26 seconds depending on grade and load. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x625, 134 KB) Montréal Métro rubber-tyred subway switch showing guideways and rollways. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x625, 134 KB) Montréal Métro rubber-tyred subway switch showing guideways and rollways. ... A railroad switch is a mechanical installation enabling trains to be guided from one set of rail tracks (or tramway tracks) to another. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ...


Trains are programmed to stop at certain station positions with a precise odometer (accurate to plus or minus 5 centimetres). They receive their braking program and station stop positions orders (one-third, two-thirds, or end of station) from track beacons prior to entering the station, with additional beacons in the station for ensuring stop precision. The last beacon is positioned at precisely 12 turns of wheels from the end of the platform, which help improve the overall precision of the system. A modern non-digital odometer A Smiths speedometer from the 1920s showing odometer and trip meter An odometer is a device used for indicating distance traveled by an automobile or other vehicle. ...


Trains draw current from two sets of 750-volt direct current guide bar/third rails on either side of each motor car. Nine-car trains draw large currents of up to 6,000 amperes, requiring that both models of rolling-stock have calibrated traction motor control systems to prevent power surges, arcing and breaker tripping. Both models have electrical braking (using motors) to assist primary friction braking, reducing the need to replace the brake pads. Direct current (DC or continuous current) is the continuous flow of electricity through a conductor such as a wire from high to low potential. ... Third rail at the West Falls Church Metro stop in Washington, D.C., electrified to 750 volts. ...


Two models of train are used on the Metro:

The Canadian Vickers-built MR-63 is used on the Green line and the Bombardier-built MR-73 is used on the other three lines. Motor cars weigh about 27 metric tonnes, trailer cars weigh 20 metric tonnes. A three-car set (one element) weighs a total of 74 metric tonnes. The Vickers corporation, founded as the Vickers company in 1828, was a British manufacturer, primarily of military equipment. ... For other uses, see Bombardier (disambiguation). ...


The MR-63 is identified with grey interiors, four ventilation hoods protruding over the roof of each car, two 154 hp 360-V series traction motors that make a whining noise and have round cab headlights. Montreal's rolling stock is among the oldest still in use on any metro system in the world. A $1.2 billion contract is under negotiation with Bombardier to replace the MR-63 fleet. Traction motor typically refers to those motors that are used to power the driving wheels of a railroad locomotive, electrical multi-unit train (such as a subway or light rail vehicle train), or a tram. ...


Maintenance of Montreal's subway cars is rigorous, as reliability levels (Mean Distance Between Failures/MDBF ratings) are more than double that of typical North American subway cars.


The MR-63 is the first generation of high-performance subway cars, a mixture of technology dating back to the mid-1960s and modern train technology. The MR-63 model has undergone numerous technological and reliability upgrades. Major upgrades include on-board computer modules for automatic train control in 1976 with subsequent revisions of hardware and software, solid-state door interlocks in 2003, modern ergonomic driver cabs with new digital dashboards and automatic station annunciators in 2005. Most notably, all the MR-63 carshells emerged factory-fresh with new interiors and a new paint scheme after being fully refurbished at the GEC Alstom Pointe St. Charles workshops in 1993. As a result, the MR-63 fleet appears relatively new, gleaming and modern despite being 40 years old (as of 2006). Categories: Corporation stubs | Companies of France ...


The MR-63 fleet remains exceptionally reliable (MDBF of 125,000 miles/200,000 km in 2004) by North American standards. However, they suffer elevated levels of vandalism, they retain many obsolete components, parts availability is diminishing, and ride quality has deteriorated over the years as their suspension systems and rubber spring packs harden with old age. Poor ride quality has not been attributed to the tires or tracks.


The MR-63 model uses a series-to-parallel servo camshaft rheostat to control and regulate power to its traction motors; this control system can be heard tapping under the floor of a motor car as the train undergoes rapid acceleration at an initial rate of 3.0 mph per second (1.33 m/s²). This control system also features a dynamic rheostatic braking mode that uses the motors to slow the train, turning the motors into generators and dissipating the resulting energy as heat in the rheostat grid.


The 2006 STM action and investment plans indicate that the MR-63 fleet will remain in service up until 2014, with their projected replacement by 2012.

The MR-73 is the second generation of high-performance metro cars, identified by rectangular cab headlights, orange interiors (which are gradually being replaced with blue and dark orange interiors, as part of the mid-life refurbishment), traction motors (rated at 176 hp max., 168 hp continuous) that growl while accelerating out of a station, have side vents and a unique three-note sound signature when the train pulls out of a station. The initial rate of acceleration of the MR-73 model is 3.2 mph per second (1.43 m/s²), which is exceptionally high for any subway equipment. The three-note sound is produced by traction motor control equipment called a "current chopper", which is used to control and power the motors on the train in stages without incurring a power surge. It does this by modulating the current in 5 consecutive stages (90, 120, 180, 240 and 360 Hz), the latter 3 being normally audible. A prototype for the current chopper has been built by the Canron company using a Jeumont original design in the early Seventies on a MR-63 train. One element of this "Jeumont Train" is currently operated on the Line 1 Green among rheostatic-started MR-63s. It is the only one to exhibit the whole five-note audible signature in normal operation, even though it is possible to hear them during longer than usual starts on regular MR-73s. Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Bombardier group. ... The Green (Line 1) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ...


These notes are the same as the first three notes of Aaron Copland's "Fanfare for the Common Man", one of the musical themes for Expo '67, though this is apparently just a coincidence. Some MR-73s originally sported murals of Montreal at the end of the cars, although these were damaged by vandalism and removed long ago. Aaron Copland Aaron Copland (November 14, 1900 – December 2, 1990) was an American composer of concert and film music, as well as an accomplished pianist. ... Fanfare for the Common Man is one of the most recognizable pieces of 20th Century American classical music. ...


The MR-73 has a different electrical braking system than the MR-63 to assist friction braking. The MR-73's current chopper recuperates energy when in braking mode, turning traction motors into generators and sending a regulated current back into the traction power supply for other trains to use. Electrical braking is most effective when one train draws power while starting while another train at a different location sends power while braking.


The Mean Distance Between Failures (MDBF) for the MR-73 exceeds 200,000 miles (320,000 km) in 2004. As of December 2005, the MR-73 fleet is undergoing $40 million in renovations to reconfigure interior seating to increase total car capacity, and install new poles and new panels with a new ergonomic colour scheme that discourages vandalism, decreases motion-sickness and promotes aesthetic harmony. The renovations also include an ergonomic full-spectrum lighting system that provides therapeutic anti-depression effects for its passengers. Like the older MR-63 metro fleet, the MR-73 driver cabs will be modernized and equipped with ergonomic features and digital dashboards.


Maintenance

Rolling stock maintenance is effected in three facilities, in two locations.


Plateau d’Youville

The Plateau d’Youville, located in the north end of the city is located at the intersection of Boulevards Crémazie and Saint-Laurent.


It provides heavy maintenance of buses, subway cars, light maintenance of MR-73 subway cars and is the main base for the track maintenance workshops (where track sections are pre-assembled prior to installation).


Garage Beaugrand

An older generation MR-63 train is in the Beaugrand Garage. Note the turntable to change trucks in the foreground.
An older generation MR-63 train is in the Beaugrand Garage. Note the turntable to change trucks in the foreground.

The Garage Beaugrand is located east of line 1 terminus Honoré-Beaugrand. It is entirely underground. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x625, 130 KB) A MR-61 Montréal Métro train in the Beaugrand maintenance facility. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x625, 130 KB) A MR-61 Montréal Métro train in the Beaugrand maintenance facility. ...


It provides light maintenance on MR-63 subway cars.


Centre d'attachement Duvernay

Duvernay is a garage and base for maintenance of way equipment. It accesses the network through the line 1/line 2 interchange southeast of Lionel-Groulx. The access building is located at the corner of Duvernay and Vinet streets in Sainte-Cunégonde.


Centre d’attachement Viau

Viau is a garage and base for maintenance of way equipment. It accesses the network immediately west of the Viau station (line 1). The access building is within the Viau station building; in fact, facilities are visible from trains going west of the station.


Snowdon

Heavy work trains are hauled with sizeable tractors such as this old (1966) “Duplex”. Traction is effected through the rubber-tired wheels, and guidance through the retractable flanged wheel. This tractor can also operate on the road.
Heavy work trains are hauled with sizeable tractors such as this old (1966) “Duplex”. Traction is effected through the rubber-tired wheels, and guidance through the retractable flanged wheel. This tractor can also operate on the road.

The interchange track between lines 2 and 5 south/west of Snowdon station is used for the storage of maintenance of way equipment. There are no surface facilities. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x625, 108 KB) Old «Duplex» tractor used for the traction of heavy work trains in the Montréal Métro system. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1000x625, 108 KB) Old «Duplex» tractor used for the traction of heavy work trains in the Montréal Métro system. ...


A recent CTV News investigation has revealed a completed metro tunnel and tracks currently exists and extends from Snowdon station into Hampstead, Quebec (the Snowdon-NDG area). While this could be used to serve Notre-Dame-de-Grâce and potentially, the west half of the island, no above ground station access or extension is planned due to political reasons. Nonetheless, the potential for expansion of the metro westward from Snowdon is present. [citation needed] CTV National News is a newscast on CTV, which airs at 11pm local time on the main network across Canada. ... Hampstead is a former town in southwestern Quebec, Canada, on the Island of Montreal; pop. ... Notre-Dame-de-Grâce is a residential district of Montreal located to the west of downtown; population: 30102 (according to the 2001 census data) [1]). This district, which is known as NDG to locals, is one of five districts of the borough of Côte-des-Neiges—Notre-Dame...


Garages

Idle trains are stored in four garages: Angrignon (west of Angrignon line 1 terminus), Beaugrand (east of Honoré-Beaugrand line 1 terminus, Saint-Charles (north of Henri-Bourassa terminus) and Montmorency. The latter has been built perpendicular to its station to allow an easier hypothetic expansion of the Line 2 deeper in Laval territory. Laval is the name of: A city in Quebec near Montreal: see Laval, Quebec An arciphelago within the limits of the above city: see ÃŽles-Laval A city in Mayenne, France: see Laval, Mayenne A city in Isère, France: see Laval, Isère A university in Quebec City: see...


Next generation of trains

In May 2006, the Quebec Government announced the negotiation of a $1.2 billion contract to replace the MR-63 metro fleet of the Montreal Metro. Alstom has voiced its dismay over directly awarding the contract without a bidding process. Negotiations between the STM and Bombardier will be ongoing until 2007. The negotiations will focus on the project's cost controls, terms of contract, train specifications and warranty. If negotiations fail, the Quebec government and the STM will revert to a bidding process. Alstom (formerly GEC-Alsthom) (Euronext: ALO) is a large French company whose businesses are power generation, railway signalling; and manufacturing trains (e. ... Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Bombardier group. ...


Production at Bombardier's La Pocatière plant will be winding down as the building of M-7 electric multiple-unit commuter railcars for New York's Long Island Railroad (LIRR) and Metro-North (MNR) of the Metropolitan Transit Authority nears completion. Production may ramp up again to produce Montreal's Metro cars starting in 2009. The STM indicates that the first train sets will start rolling between 2010 and 2012. LIRR redirects here. ... The Metro-North Commuter Railroad Company, or MTA Metro-North Railroad, or, more commonly, Metro-North, is a suburban commuter rail service that is run and managed by an authority of New York State, the Metropolitan Transportation Authority, or, more simply, the MTA. Metro-North runs service between New York... The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) is a public benefit corporation responsible for public transportation in the State of New York. ...


The media in Montreal (particularly La Presse newspaper) suggest that the new cars will feature full-width walkways between the cars which can be occupied by passengers, resulting in higher train capacities. They also suggest that the new rubber-tire trains will have to meet very demanding performance requirements: higher speeds (up to 80 km/h), powerful accelerations, high-speed gradeability, high-performance brakes, good ride comfort, low-noise, low-maintenance costs, low-energy costs and high levels of reliability. Improving on the performance levels of the current metro fleet and developing new rolling-stock capable of using sheer speed as a means of increasing line capacity will represent a major challenge to Bombardier. La Presse, founded in 1884, is a large-circulation French-language daily newspaper published in Montreal, Quebec. ...


Design

See also Montreal metro artists.
Stained glass by Mario Merola (with graffiti) in the entrance to Charlevoix metro station in Montréal.
Stained glass by Mario Merola (with graffiti) in the entrance to Charlevoix metro station in Montréal.
One of the entrances to the Square-Victoria metro station looks like a Paris Métro station. The architecture was a gift from the city of Paris.[citation needed]
One of the entrances to the Square-Victoria metro station looks like a Paris Métro station. The architecture was a gift from the city of Paris.[citation needed]

The design of the Metro was heavily influenced by Montreal's winter conditions. Unlike other cities' metros, nearly all station entrances in Montreal are completely enclosed: usually in small, separate buildings with swivelling doors meant to mitigate the wind caused by train movements that can make doors difficult to open. Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 312 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1536x1024, 312 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Mario Merola (born 04/06/1934 - die 11/12/2006, Naples, Italy) was a Neapolitan singer and actor, most prominently known for having rejunevated the traditional popular Neapolitan melodrama known as the sceneggiata. ... For other uses, see Graffiti (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 450 pixel Image in higher resolution (1728 × 972 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 450 pixel Image in higher resolution (1728 × 972 pixel, file size: 2. ... Square-Victoria is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line. ... “Métro” redirects here. ... This article is about the capital of France. ...


All separate entrances are set back from the sidewalk; as well several stations in downtown Montreal are directly connected to buildings, and thus have several entrances inside pre-existing buildings as well as street-level entrances, making the Metro an integral part of Montreal's famous underground city despite its lack of elevators. Several metro entrances are also located within building façades. Only three stations have open entrances such as are prevalent in other cities. Montreals underground city (French: La ville souterraine) is the well-known underground city complex in downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...


Montreal's metro is renowned for its architecture and public art. Under the direction of Drapeau, a competition among Canadian architects was held to decide the design of each station, ensuring that every station was built in a different style by a different architect. Several stations, such as Berri-UQAM are important examples of modernist architecture, and various system-wide design choices were informed by the International Style. Berri-UQAM is the central station of the Montreal Metro, located in the Quartier Latin in the borough of Ville-Marie. ... For Christian theological modernism, see Liberal Christianity and Modernism (Roman Catholicism). ... The Weissenhof Estate in Stuttgart, Germany (1927) The Weissenhof Estate in Stuttgart, Germany (1930) The International style was a major architectural trend of the 1920s and 1930s. ...


Along with the Stockholm Metro, Montreal pioneered the installation of public art in the metro among capitalist countries, a practise that beforehand was mostly found in Socialist and Communist nations (the Moscow Metro being a case in point). More than fifty stations are decorated with over one hundred works of public art, such as sculpture, stained glass, and murals by noted Quebec artists, including members of the famous art movement, the Automatistes. Stockholm Metro, Hötorget Station on the green line Rådhuset Station on the blue line Kungsträdgården Station on the blue line T-Centralen, blue line August Strindberg at the Rådmansgatan station on the green line The Stockholm Metro, or Stockholms tunnelbana, is the metro system in... For other uses, see Capitalism (disambiguation). ... Socialism refers to a broad array of doctrines or political movements that envisage a socio-economic system in which property and the distribution of wealth are subjfuck grapesect to control by the community[1] for the purposes of increasing social and economic equality and cooperation. ... Communism is an ideology that seeks to establish a classless, stateless social organization based on common ownership of the means of production. ... A current official map of the Moscow Metro. ... “Sculptor” redirects here. ... Strictly speaking, stained glass is glass that has been painted with silver stain and then fired. ... Salle des illustres, ceiling painting, by Jean André Rixens. ... Les Automatistes were a group of Quebecois artistic dissidents from Montreal, Quebec. ...


Some of the most important works in the Metro include the stained-glass window at Champ-de-Mars station, the masterpiece of major Quebec artist Marcelle Ferron; and the Guimard entrance at Square Victoria station, like the famous metro entrances designed for the Paris Métro, on permanent loan[2] since 1966 by the RATP to commemorate its cooperation in constructing the metro. Installed in 1967 (the 100th anniversary of Guimard's birth) this is the only authentic Guimard entrance in use outside Paris, although reproductions using original molds were given to Mexico City (see Bellas Artes station), Chicago (Van Buren Station on the Metra network), Lisbon (Picoas station on the yellow line) and Moscow (Kievskaya station). Champ-de-Mars is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line. ... Stained-glass window by Marcelle Ferron, at Champ-de-Mars metro station in Montreal Marcelle Ferron (January 29, 1924 – November 19, 2001), a Québécoise painter and stained glass artist, was a major figure in the Quebec contemporary art scene. ... Designed in 1899, the Porte Dauphine station exhibits Guimards only surviving enclosed edicule of the Paris Métro. ... “Métro” redirects here. ... Métro trains entering Église dAuteuil station The Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (RATP) is the major transit authority responsible for public transportation in Paris and its environs. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Commuter lines terminating at Van Buren Street, shown in Panama Orange and Dark South Shore Burgundy on this schematic, serve Chicagos southern and eastern suburbs in Illinois and Indiana The Van Buren Street Station is a commuter rail station in downtown Chicago that serves the Metra Electric Line to... A Metra Train Metra (Officially known as the Northeast Illinois Regional Commuter Railroad Corporation) is a regional rail that serves the city of Chicago, Illinois, and surrounding cities, many of them Chicago suburbs. ...


Operation

A train at Berri-UQAM during rush hour
A train at Berri-UQAM during rush hour

Metro service starts at 05:30 and stops at 01:00 on weekdays and Sunday, and 01:30 on Saturday in order to accommodate people coming home later. However, the Blue Line stops service earlier, at 00:15 due to low traffic volume. During rush hour, there are three to five minutes between trains on the Orange and Green Lines. That interval however goes up to 12 minutes at night. Download high resolution version (1280x960, 1765 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 1765 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Blue (Line 5) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... The Orange (Line 2) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... The Green (Line 1) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ...


The Société de transport de Montréal operates both the Metro and the bus services in Montreal, thus there is free transfer possible between bus and Metro. Fare payment is via a barrier system, including magnetic tickets and passes, punched-card bus transfers, and non-magnetized reduced fare tickets. The Société de transport de Montréal or Montreal Transit Corporation is the agency that operates buses and the Métro in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...


Fares are partially integrated with the Agence métropolitaine de transport's commuter rail system, which links the Metro to the outer suburbs via five interchange stations. The Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) or (English: Metropolitan Transportation Agency) (AAR reporting marks AMT) is the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services across Canadas Greater Montreal Region, including the Island of Montreal, Laval (ÃŽle Jésus), and communities along both the North Shore... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ...


Future projects

As of 2007, other formal and informal extension proposals are currently being considered, although none of which are currently in the works.


Montreal city:

  • Propositions made by the city of Montreal all directly relates to its territory. Therefore, Line 5 could be extended 6.2 km eastward beyond Saint-Michel up to Anjou, committing to the line's original design.
  • Line 2 could also be extended northwest from Côte-Vertu station, up to Bois-Franc commuter rail station in Saint-Laurent. The extension would include two stations: Poirier and Bois-Franc (an intermodal station with the Deux-Montagnes commuter line).

Agence Métropolitaine de Transport (AMT): The Blue (Line 5) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Saint-Michel is a station on the Montreal Metro Blue Line. ... Anjou is a community on the Island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. ... The Orange (Line 2) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Côte-Vertu is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line, located in the borough of Saint-Laurent. ... Bois-Franc is a commuter rail station on the AMT Deux-Montagnes Line in the Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada area. ... Bois-Franc is a commuter rail station on the AMT Deux-Montagnes Line in the Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada area. ... The Deux-Montagnes line is a commuter rail line operated in the Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada area, by the Agence métropolitaine de transport, or AMT, (in English, the Metropolitan transportation agency), the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services across this region. ...

  • The AMT has considered an extension of Line 4 with four new stations beyond Longueuil–Université-de-Sherbrooke, under the city of Longueuil to College Édouard-Montpetit.
  • Another extension of this line, but from the other terminal, Berri-UQAM, which would head towards downtown Montreal, was briefly studied but then shelved.
  • In 2006, the AMT has studied the possibility and cost of an extension from Lionel-Groulx to Brossard city on the south shore of Montreal as an alternative to the proposed light rail project in the Champlain bridge corridor.

Laval city: The Yellow (Line 4) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Longueuil–Université-de-Sherbrooke is a station on the Montreal Metro, the southern terminus of the Yellow Line. ...

  • On July 22, 2007, the mayor of Laval, Gilles Vaillancourt, with the ridership success of the current Laval extension, announced his wish to loop the Orange line from Montmorency to Cote-Vertu stations with the addition of six new stations (three in Laval and another three in Montreal). He proposed that Transports Quebec, the provincial transport department, set aside $100 million annually to fund the project, which is expected to cost upwards of $1.5 billion.[3]

West Island cities papers: is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Laval is the name of: A city in Quebec near Montreal: see Laval, Quebec An arciphelago within the limits of the above city: see Îles-Laval A city in Mayenne, France: see Laval, Mayenne A city in Isère, France: see Laval, Isère A university in Quebec City: see... Born on January 9th 1941, Gilles Vaillancourt became mayor of the city of Laval, QC Canada in 1989 and president of the Union des municipalités du Québec in 1995. ... The Orange (Line 2) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Montmorency is a station on the Orange Line of the Montreal Metro in Laval, Quebec, Canada. ... Côte-Vertu is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line, located in the borough of Saint-Laurent. ... Transports Québec (or the Ministry of Transportation of Quebec, in French: le Ministère des Transports du Québec) is a Quebec government ministry responsible for transport infrastructure and law in Quebec, Canada. ...

Lasalle district papers: For other uses, see West Island (disambiguation). ... The Blue (Line 5) line is one of the four lines of the Montreal metro. ... Snowdon is a transfer station on the Montreal Metro, with access to Orange and Blue lines. ... Notre-Dame-de-Grâce is a residential district of Montreal located to the west of downtown; population: 30102 (according to the 2001 census data) [1]). This district, which is known as NDG to locals, is one of five districts of the borough of Côte-des-Neiges—Notre-Dame... Compared to other major cities having both subway systems and international airports, Montreal city has not yet used the former to reach the latter. ... Montreal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (Aéroport international Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau de Montréal) or Montreal-Trudeau for short, is an international airport serving Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...

  • Lasalle district papers have discussed in 2007 extending line 1 west of Angrignon station.

Angrignon Angrignon is a metro station in Montreal, Québec. ...

Pioneer in Tunnel Advertising

In the early years of the Montreal Metro's life, a unique mode of advertising was used. In some downtown tunnels, cartoons depicting an advertiser's product were inscribed on the walls of the tunnel at the level of the cars' windows. A retail film processing outfit called Direct Film advertised on the North wall in the Atwater-to-Guy (now Guy-Concordia) tunnel (Green Line) during 1967-1969. Strobe lights, aimed at the frames of the cartoon and triggered by the passing train, sequentially illuminated the images so that they appeared to the viewer (passenger) on the train as a movie. [1] Today known as "tunnel movies" or "tunnel advertising," they have been installed in many cities' subways around the world in recent years, for example in the Southgate tube station in London and the MBTA Red Line in Boston.[4] An animation illustrating the effect of strobe light A strobe light or stroboscopic lamp, commonly called a strobe, is a device used to produce regular flashes of light. ... For other uses see film (disambiguation) Film refers to the celluliod media on which movies are printed Film — also called movies, the cinema, the silver screen, moving pictures, photoplays, picture shows, flicks, or motion pictures, — is a field that encompasses motion pictures as an art form or as... Southgate tube station is a London Underground Piccadilly Line tube station in Southgate, London, England. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Red Line train of #1 Red Line stock crossing the Charles River on the Longfellow Bridge, towards Boston View of Boston from the Red Line The Red Line is a rapid transit line operated by the MBTA running roughly north-south through Boston, Massachusetts into neighboring communities. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ...


See also

This is an alphabetical list of cities worldwide that have a rapid transit system, or a light-rail system with some elements of rapid transit. ... The Société de transport de Montréal or Montreal Transit Corporation is the agency that operates buses and the Métro in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) or (English: Metropolitan Transportation Agency) (AAR reporting marks AMT) is the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services across Canadas Greater Montreal Region, including the Island of Montreal, Laval (ÃŽle Jésus), and communities along both the North Shore... The Montréal Expo Express (in French, lexpress Expo) consisted of four stations and a 5. ... Montreals underground city (French: La ville souterraine) is the well-known underground city complex in downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Bogie from an MP 89 Paris Métro rolling stock An MP 73 Paris Métro rolling stock Rubber tracks between Pont de Neuilly and Esplanade de la Défense Rubber-tyred metro is a form of rail transport, but using some road technology: the vehicles have wheels with rubber... This is a list of bridges and other fixed links serving Montreal, on the Island of Montreal, proceeding counter-clockwise around the island from the southwest, with the year they were opened. ... This is a list of bridges and other fixed links serving Montreal, on the Island of Montreal, proceeding counter-clockwise around the island from the southwest, with the year they were opened. ... This is a list of bridges and other crossings of the Rivière des Prairies from the Saint Lawrence River upstream to the Ottawa River. ... This is a list of the metro stations on the four lines of the Montreal Metro, in Quebec, Canada. ...

References

Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software by Adobe Systems. ... Adobe Acrobat is a family of application software by Adobe Systems. ...

Notes

  1. ^ An underground railway project since 1910. STM. Retrieved on 2007-06-11.
  2. ^ Interview Pierre Bourgeau by SRC oct 2006
  3. ^ Courrier Laval — Actualités — Montréal a bien d’autres priorités
  4. ^ http://www.pingmag.jp/2006/10/13/top-10-ad-tricks-in-tokyos-train-stations/

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Montreal metro

  Results from FactBites:
 
Montreal Hotels, Discount Montreal Hotels, Hotels In Montreal (226 words)
The Crowne Plaza Montreal Centre, located 20 miles from the Dorval Airport, is a 24-story hotel with 319 fully appointed guest rooms (among the...
Located just a few minutes away from Dorval Airport, the Hilton Garden Inn Montreal/ Dorval Airport is located close to the business district, the...
The Holiday Inn Select Montreal Centerville is a deluxe hotel located in the heart of downtown Montreal, 25 kilometers from Dorval Airport.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m