FACTOID # 11: Oklahoma has the highest rate of women in State or Federal correctional facilities.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Montreal" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Montreal
Ville de Montréal
City of Montreal
Flag of Ville de Montréal
Flag

Coat of arms
Nickname: 5-1-4, MTL, Mount Real
Motto: Concordia Salus ("well-being through harmony")

Coordinates: 45°30′N 73°40′W / 45.5, -73.667
Country Canada
Province Quebec
Region Montréal
Founded 1642
Established 1832
Government
 - Mayor Gérald Tremblay
Area [1][2][3]
 - City 365.13 km² (140.98 sq mi)
 - Urban 1,677 km² (647 sq mi)
 - Metro 4,259 km² (1,644 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1][2][3]
 - City 1,620,693 (Ranked 2nd)
 - Density 4,439/km² (11,496/sq mi)
 - Urban 3,316,615
 - Metro 3,635,571
 - Demonym Montrealer (English), Montréalais / Montréalaise (French)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal code span H
Area code(s) (514) and (450)
Website: Ville de Montréal

Montreal, or Montréal in French,[4] (pronounced /ˌmʌntɹiˈɑːl/ in Canadian English,/mɒ̃ʀeal/ in Quebec French, and /mɔ̃ʀeal/ in European French) is the second-largest city in Canada and the largest city in the province of Quebec. Originally called Ville-Marie ('City of Mary'), some historians think the city takes its present name from the Mont Réal (as it was pronounced in Middle French [5], or Mont Royal/Mount Royal in present French), the three-head hill at the heart of the city, whose name was also initially given to the island on which the city stands. Image File history File linksMetadata Mont. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montreal. ... The Flag of Montreal was first displayed in May 1939. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The first coat of arms of Montréal was created by Jacques Viger, the first mayor of Montréal. ... EXAMPLE:Laughbox,Blondie,BamBam,Pinkie,etc. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... This page lists direct English translations of common Latin phrases, such as veni vidi vici and et cetera. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Montreal Categories: GFDL images ... Map self-dezigned File links The following pages link to this file: Montreal Categories: GFDL images ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Quebec, Canada, is officially divided into 17 administrative regions. ... Montréal (06) is one of the administrative regions of Quebec, Canada. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Gérald Tremblay. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... The table below lists the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2006 census for census subdivisions. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Montreal - 122 FSAs Note: No postal codes yet exist that start with H6. ... Area code 514 is an area code that covers all of the Island of Montreal, Ile-Perrot, and Ile Bizard in Quebec. ... Montréal or Montreal may refer to: Places in: Bahamas: Montreal, Bahamas Brazil: Montreal, Amazonas Canada: Island of Montreal, an island in the province of Quebec Montreal, a city in the province of Quebec Montréal (region), an administrative region in the province of Quebec Montréal-Est, Quebec, a... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... Image File history File links Montreal-english-pronunciation. ... Canadian English (CanE) is the variety of North American English used in Canada. ... Image File history File links Montreal1. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Image File history File links Montreal2. ... For the North American comedy troupe, see The Second City. ... The table below lists the 100 largest municipalities in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2006 census for census subdivisions. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countriesAtlas  Politics Portal      Canada is a federation which consists of ten provinces that, with three territories, make up the worlds second largest country in total area. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Middle French (French: ) is a historical division of the French language which covers the period from (roughly) 1340 to 1611 [1]. It is a period of transition during which: the French language becomes clearly distinguished from the other competing Oïl languages which are sometimes subsumed within the concept of... For other uses, see Mount Royal (disambiguation). ...


Formerly the largest city in Canada, it is now known as one of the largest French-speaking cities in the world along with Paris and Kinshasa.[citation needed] As of the 2006 Canadian Census, 1,620,693 people resided in the city of Montreal proper.[1] The population of the Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (also known as Greater Montreal Area) was 3,635,571 at the same 2006 census. In 2007, Montreal was ranked as the 10th cleanest city in the world.[6] This article is about the capital of France. ... Kinshasa (formerly Léopoldville or, before 1960, also Leopoldstad) is the capital and largest city of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. ... The census geographic units of Canada are the country subdivisions defined and used by Canadas federal government statistics bureau Statistics Canada[1] to conduct the countrys five-yearly census. ... The Greater Montreal Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the Canadian province of Quebec. ...

Contents

History

Main article: History of Montreal

Archeological evidence suggests that various nomadic native peoples had occupied the island of Montreal for at least 2,000 years before the arrival of Europeans.[7] With the development of the maize horticulture, the St. Lawrence Iroquoians established the village of Hochelaga at the foot of the Mount Royal.[8] The French explorer Jacques Cartier visited Hochelaga on October 2, 1535, claiming the St. Lawrence Valley for France.[9] He estimated the population to be "over a thousand". The human history of Montréal spans some 8,000 years and started with the Algonquin, Huron, and Iroquois tribes of North America. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about the village. ... This article is about the maize plant. ... Horticulture (Latin: hortus (garden plant) + cultura (culture)) are classically defined as the culture or growing of garden plants. ... Territory occupied by the St. ... This article is about the village. ... For other uses, see Jacques Cartier (disambiguation). ... is the 275th day of the year (276th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... pie is nice Year 1535 was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ... a broat veiew of the St LAwrence River, with a Quebec City on a background The Saint Lawrence River (In French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large south west-to-north east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ...


Seventy years later, French explorer Samuel de Champlain reported that the St. Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St. Lawrence valley, likely due to inter-tribe wars, European diseases, and out-migration.[8] Champlain established in 1611 a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal, on a site initially named La Place Royale, at the confluence of Saint-Pierre river and St-Lawrence river, where present-day Pointe-à-Callière stands.[10]. Statue symbolizing Samuel de Champlain in Ottawa. ... For other uses, see Fur (disambiguation). ... A trading post is a place where trading of goods takes place. ... The Island of Montreal (in French, île de Montréal), in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, is located at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. ... Pointe-à-Callière Museum is an archaeological museum in the Old Montreal section of Montreal, Canada. ...

Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, founder of Ville-Marie
Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, founder of Ville-Marie

In 1639, Jérôme Le Royer de La Dauversière obtained the Seigneurial title to the Island of Montreal in the name of the Société de Notre-Dame de Montréal to establish a Roman Catholic mission for evangelizing natives. Ville-Marie, the first permanent French settlement on the Island, was founded in 1642 at Pointe-à-Callière. Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve would act as governor of the colony, and Jeanne Mance built the Hôtel-Dieu, Montreal's first hospital. In the public domain by age This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... In the public domain by age This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve Paul Chomedey, sieur de Maisonneuve (1612 & ndash; 1676) was a French military officer and the founder of Montreal. ... The seigneurial system of New France was the semi-feudal system of land distribution used in the colonies of New France. ... Catholic Church redirects here. ... Pointe-à-Callière Museum, an archaeological museum in Old Montreal ... Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve Paul Chomedey, sieur de Maisonneuve (1612 & ndash; 1676) was a French military officer and the founder of Montreal. ... Jeanne Mance (November 12, 1606 – June 18, 1673) was a French settler in Montreal. ... Montreals Hôtel-Dieu Hospital is the oldest hospital in Montreal, Quebec, and was the first hospital in North America. ...


By 1651, Ville-Marie had been reduced to less than 50 inhabitants by relentless attacks by Iroquois. Maisonneuve returned to France that year with the intention of recruiting 100 men to bolster the failing colony. He had already decided that should he fail to recruit these settlers, he would abandon Ville-Marie and move everyone back downriver to Quebec City. (Even 10 years after its founding, the people of Quebec City still thought of Montréal as "une folle enterprise" - a crazy undertaking.)[11] These recruits arrived on 16th November 1653 and essentially guaranteed the evolution of Ville Marie and of all New France.[12]. Marguerite Bourgeoys would found the Congrégation de Notre-Dame, Montreal's first school, in 1653. In 1663, the Sulpician seminary became the new Seigneur of the island. For other uses, see Iroquois (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use; the Don de Dieu was Champlains ship) Coordinates: , Country Province Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government... Saint Marguerite Bourgeoys (17 April 1620 – 12 January 1700, feast day: January 12) was born the last of twelve children of devout parents. ... The Society of Saint-Sulpice (Latin: ) is a Catholic Society of Apostolic Life. ...


Complementing its missionary origins, Ville-Marie became a centre for the fur trade and a base for further French exploration in North America. The bloody French and Iroquois Wars would threaten the survival of Ville-Marie until a peace treaty (see the Great Peace of Montreal[13]) was signed at Montreal in 1701. With the Great Peace, Montreal and the surrounding seigneuries nearby (Terrebonne, Lachenaie, Boucherville, Lachine, Longueuil, ...) could develop without the fear of Iroquois raids.[14] Ville-Marie remained a French colony until 1760, when Pierre François de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal surrendered it to the British army under Jeffrey Amherst during the French and Indian War. An Alberta fur trader in the 1890s. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The French and Iroquois Wars (also called the Iroquois Wars or the Beaver Wars) commonly refer to a brutal series of conflicts fought in the mid-17th century in eastern North America. ... The Great Peace of Montreal was a peace treaty between New France and 39 First Nations of North America. ... Artwork of Terrebonne Terrebonne is a city in western Quebec. ... Lachenaie is a town in southwestern Quebec, Canada on the Rivière des Prairies. ... Boucherville is a town in the Canadian province of Quebec. ... Lachine was a city on the Island of Montreal in southwestern Quebec, Canada. ... Motto: Labor et Concordia (work and harmony) Area: 283. ... Pierre François de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal (22 November 1698 – 4 August 1778) was a Canadian-born French colonial governor in the Americas. ... Jeffrey Amherst, painted by Joshua Reynolds in 1765 Jeffery Amherst, 1st Baron Amherst (sometimes spelled Geoffrey, or Jeffrey, he himself spelled his name as Jeffery) (January 29, 1717 – August 3, 1797) served as an officer in the British Army. ... Combatants France First Nations allies: Algonquin Lenape Wyandot Ojibwa Ottawa Shawnee Great Britain American Colonies Iroquois Confederacy Strength 3,900 regulars 7,900 militia 2,200 natives (1759) 50,000 regulars and militia (1759) Casualties 3,000 killed, wounded or captured 10,040 killed, wounded or captured The French and...


The Treaty of Paris in 1763 ended the Seven Years' War and ceded eastern New France to the Kingdom of Great Britain. American Revolutionists under General Richard Montgomery briefly captured the city during the 1775 invasion of Canada.[15] The Treaty of Paris, often called the Peace of Paris, or the Treaty of 1763, was signed on February 10, 1763, by the kingdoms of Great Britain, France and Spain, with Portugal in agreement. ... Combatants Kingdom of Prussia Kingdom of Great Britain and its American Colonies Electorate of Hanover Iroquois Confederacy Kingdom of Portugal Electorate of Brunswick Electorate of Hesse-Kassel Philippines Archduchy of Austria Kingdom of France Empire of Russia Kingdom of Sweden Kingdom of Spain Electorate of Saxony Kingdom of Naples and... Capital Quebec Language(s) French Religion Roman Catholicism Government Monarchy King See List of French monarchs Governor See list of Governors Legislature Sovereign Council of New France Historical era Ancien Régime in France  - Royal Control 1655  - Articles of Capitulation of Quebec 1759  - Articles of Capitulation of Montreal 1760  - Treaty... For an explanation of terms such as Scotland, Wales, England, (Great) Britain and United Kingdom, see British Isles (terminology). ... John Trumbulls Declaration of Independence, showing the five-man committee in charge of drafting the Declaration in 1776 as it presents its work to the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia The American Revolution refers to the period during the last half of the 18th century in which the Thirteen... An engraving depicting the death of General Montgomery at the Battle of Quebec. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Industrialized city 1889
Industrialized city 1889

Montreal was incorporated as a city in 1832. The opening of the Lachine Canal permitted ships to bypass the unnavigable Lachine Rapids, while the construction of the Victoria Bridge established Montreal as a major railway hub. These linked the established Port of Montréal with continental markets and spawned rapid industrialization during the mid 1800s. The economic boom attracted French Canadian labourers from the surrounding countryside to factories in satellite cities such as Saint-Henri and Maisonneuve. Irish immigrants settled in tough working class neighbourhoods such as Point Saint Charles and Griffintown, making English and French linguistic groups roughly equal in size. By 1852, Montreal had 60,000 inhabitants; by 1860, it was the largest city in British North America and the undisputed economic and cultural centre of Canada. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Lachine Canal in 1920 The Lachine Canal (Canal de Lachine in French) is a canal passing through the southwestern part of the Island of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, through the boroughs of Lachine and Le Sud-Ouest on land originally granted by the King of France to the Sulpician Order. ... The Lachine Rapids are a series of rapids on the Saint Lawrence River, between the Island of Montreal and the south shore. ... Victoria Bridge, Montreal The Victoria Bridge at Montreal, Quebec is the name for the first bridge spanning the St. ... The Port of Montreal, located in Canadas second largest metropolis, is one of the busiest on the North American continent, and the largest inland port on Earth. ... French Canadian is a term that has several different connotations. ... Saint-Henri is a neighbourhood in southwestern Montreal, Quebec, Canada, in the borough of Le Sud-Ouest. ... Hochelaga-Maisonneuve is a district of Montreal, Quebec, situated on the eastern half of the island, generally to the south and south-west of the citys Olympic Stadium. ... Panorama of downtown Montreal, night. ... The Griffintown (sometimes also called Griffontown) is a common name given to the former southwestern downtown part of Montreal, Canada, derived from an old industrial community of the same name, existant throughout the 19th and up to the second half of the 20th centuries and mainly populated by Irish immigrants... British North America consisted of the loyalist colonies and territories (i. ...


Montreal was the capital of the Province of Canada from 1844 to 1849, but lost its status when a Tory mob burnt down the Parliament building to protest passage of the Rebellion Losses Bill. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The term Tory derives from the Tory Party, the ancestor of the modern UK Conservative Party. ... Rebellion Losses Bill - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

Montreal 1959 as viewed from the mountain.

After World War I, the Prohibition movement in the United States turned Montreal into a haven for Americans looking for alcohol. Montreal became known as Sin City, due to the abundance of alcohol and burlesque shows, unrivaled in North America at this time.[16] Unemployment remained high in the city, and was exacerbated by the Stock Market Crash of 1929 and the Great Depression. Canada began to recover from the Great Depression in the mid-1930s, when skyscrapers such as the Sun Life Building began to appear. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... Alcoholic beverages An alcoholic beverage is a drink containing ethanol, commonly known as alcohol, although in chemistry the definition of alcohol includes many other compounds. ... CIA figures for world unemployment rates, 2006 Unemployment is the state in which a worker wants, but is unable, to work. ... The 1929 stock market crash devastated economies worldwide The Wall Street Crash refers to the stock market crash that occurred on October 29, 1929, when share prices on the New York Stock Exchange collapsed, leading eventually to the Great Depression. ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... The Sun Life Building is a historical office building in downtown Montreal, Canada. ...


During World War II, Mayor Camillien Houde protested against conscription and urged Montrealers to disobey the federal government's registry of all men and women. Ottawa was furious over Houde's insubordination and held him in a prison camp until 1944, when the government was forced to institute conscription (see Conscription Crisis of 1944). Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Camillien Houde on the cover of Time Magazine, August 5, 1946. ... The Government of Canada is the federal government of Canada. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... The Conscription Crisis of 1944 was a political and military crisis in Canada during World War II. It was similar to the Conscription Crisis of 1917, but was not as politically damaging. ...


After Montreal's population surpassed one million in the early 1950s, Mayor Jean Drapeau laid down plans for the future development of the city. These plans included a new public-transit system and an underground city, the expansion of Montreal's harbour, and the opening of the Saint Lawrence Seaway. Tall, new buildings replaced old ones in this time period, including Montreal's two tallest skyscrapers up to then: the 43-storey Place Ville-Marie and the 47-story Tour de la Bourse. Two new museums were also built, and in 1966, the Montreal Metro system opened, along with several new expressways. Jean Drapeau, mayor of Montreal Jean Drapeau CC , GOQ (February 18, 1916 – August 12, 1999) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as mayor of Montreal from 1954 to 1957 and 1960 to 1986. ... Montreals Underground City (French: ) is the set of interconnected complexes (both above and below ground) in and around downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... For other uses, see Harbor (disambiguation). ... The Eisenhower Locks in Massena, NY. The St. ... Place Ville-Marie Place Ville-Marie or 1, Place Ville-Marie is a cruciform office tower built in the International style in 1962 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Tour de la Bourse by day. ... The Palais du Louvre in Paris, which houses the Musée du Louvre, one of the worlds most famous museums, and most certainly the largest. ... The Montreal Metro is the main form of public transportation within the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... A typical expressway in Santa Clara County, California. ...

April 1967 aerial view of Île Sainte-Hélène on the left and Île Notre-Dame on the right, with most of the Expo 67 site in view, except Habitat 67 and the rest of the pavilions on la Cité du Havre. Source: the National Archives of Canada.

The city's international status was cemented by Expo 67 and the 1976 Summer Olympics. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 640 × 483 pixelsFull resolution (640 × 483 pixel, file size: 88 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 640 × 483 pixelsFull resolution (640 × 483 pixel, file size: 88 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Man, a sculpture by Alexander Calder, on Saint Helens Island Saint Helens Island (French Île Sainte-Hélène) is an island in the Saint Lawrence River, in the territory of the city of Montreal. ... Île Notre-Dame is an artificial island built from earth excavated for the Montreal metro in 1965. ... The 1967 International and Universal Exposition, or simply Expo 67 was the General Exhibition Category 1 Worlds Fair held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from April 27 to October 29, 1967. ... Habitat 67 is a striking housing complex located on the Quai Marc-Drouin on the Saint Lawrence River at Montreal. ... “World city” redirects here. ... The 1967 International and Universal Exposition, or simply Expo 67 was the General Exhibition Category 1 Worlds Fair held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from April 27 to October 29, 1967. ... The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, were held in 1976 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...


The mid-1970s ushered in a period of wide-ranging social and political changes, stemming in large part from the concerns of the French-Canadian majority about the conservation of their culture and language, given the traditional predominance of the English-Canadian minority in the business arena. The October Crisis and the election of the separatist political party, the Parti Québécois, resulted in major political, ethnic and linguistic shifts. The extent of the transition was greater than the norm for major urban centres, with social and economic impacts, as a significant number of (mostly anglophone) Montrealers, as well as businesses, migrated to other provinces, away from an uncertain political climate. Bill 101 was passed in 1977 and gave primacy to French as Quebec's (and Montreal's) only official language for government, the main language of business and culture, and enforced the exclusive use of French for public signage and business communication. This article is about the terrorist kidnappings in Quebec. ... The Parti Québécois [PQ] (translation: Quebecker Party) is a separatist political party that advocates national sovereignty for the Canadian province of Quebec and secession from Canada, as well as social democratic policies and has traditionally had support from the labour movement. ... The Charter of the French Language (also known as Bill 101 and Loi 101) is a law in the province of Quebec, Canada defining French as the only official language of Quebec. ...


During the 1980s and early 1990s, Montreal experienced a slower rate of economic growth than many other major Canadian cities. By the late 1990s, however, Montreal's economic climate had improved, as new firms and institutions began to fill the traditional business and financial niches. As the city celebrated its 350th anniversary in 1992, construction began on two new skyscrapers : 1000 de La Gauchetière and 1250 René-Lévesque. Montreal's improving economic conditions allowed further enhancements of the city infrastructure, with the expansion of the metro system, construction of new skyscrapers and the development of new highways including the start of a ring road around the island. The city also attracted several international organisations to move their secretariats into Montreal's Quartier International: International Air Transport Association (IATA), International Council of Societies of Industrial Design (Icsid), International Council of Graphic Design Associations (Icograda), International Bureau for Children's Rights (IBCR), International Centre for the Prevention of Crime (ICPC) and the UNESCO Institute for Statistics (UIS). With developments such as Centre de Commerce Mondial (World Trade Centre), Quartier International, Square Cartier, and proposed revitalization of the harborfront, the city is regaining its international position as a world class city. World GDP/capita changed very little for most of human history before the industrial revolution. ... Le 1000 de La Gauchetière 1000 de la Gauchetière is Montreals tallest skyscraper, simply named for its address at 1000, La Gauchetiere Street, West, in the citys downtown. ... The 1250 René-Lévesque seen from the east. ... For the American political term, see Inside the Beltway and Beltway bandits. ... “IATA” redirects here. ... The International Council of Societies of Industrial Design (Icsid) emerged in 1957 from a group of international organisations committed to industrial design. ... International Council of Graphic Design Associations (Icograda) was founded in London in 1963. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...


Montreal was merged with the 27 surrounding municipalities on the Island of Montreal on 1 January 2002. The merger created a unified city of Montreal which covered the entire island of Montreal. This move proved unpopular, and several former municipalities, totalling 13% of the population of the island, voted to leave the newly unified city in separate referendums in June 2004. The demerger took place on 1 January 2006, leaving 15 municipalities on the island, including Montreal. Merger and demerger Island of Montreal before the 2002 merger: City of Montreal (186 km²/72 sq. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Island of Montreal (in French, île de Montréal), in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, is located at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. ... Elections Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A referendum (plural referendums or referenda), ballot question, or plebiscite (from Latin plebiscita, originally a decree of the Concilium Plebis) is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 2006, the city was recognized by the international design community as a UNESCO City of Design, one of the three world design capitals.[17]


Geography

A street in Montreal after a major snowstorm.
A street in Montreal after a major snowstorm.

Montreal is located in the southwest of the province of Quebec, approximately 275 kilometres (168 miles) southwest of Quebec City, the provincial capital, and 190 kilometres (118 mi) east of Ottawa, the federal capital. It also lies 550 kilometres (335 mi) northeast of Toronto, and 625 kilometres (380 mi) north of New York City. ImageMetadata File history File links Montreal_-_Plateau,_day_of_snow_-_200312. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Montreal_-_Plateau,_day_of_snow_-_200312. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Nickname: Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use; the Don de Dieu was Champlains ship) Coordinates: , Country Province Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... The Government of Canada is the federal government of Canada. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ...


The city rests on the Island of Montreal at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. The port of Montreal lies at one end of the Saint Lawrence Seaway, which is the river gateway that stretches from the Great Lakes into the Atlantic Ocean. Montreal is bordered by the St. Lawrence river on its south side, and by the Rivière des Prairies on the north. The city is named after the most prominent geographical feature on the island, a three-head hill called Mount Royal. The Island of Montreal (in French, île de Montréal), in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, is located at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. ... a broat veiew of the St LAwrence River, with a Quebec City on a background The Saint Lawrence River (In French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large south west-to-north east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... This is about the river in Canada. ... The Eisenhower Locks in Massena, NY. The St. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... Dusk over ÃŽle de la Visitation and the Pont Papineau-Leblanc, Rivière des Prairies The Rivière des Prairies (sometimes called the Back River in English) is a channel of the Ottawa River in southwestern Quebec, Canada. ... For other uses, see Mount Royal (disambiguation). ...

Skyline of Montreal seen from Mont Royal park.
Skyline of Montreal seen from Mont Royal park.

Montreal lies at the confluence of several climatic regions. Usually, the climate is classified as humid continental [18] or hemiboreal (Köppen climate classification Dfb). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The humid continental climate is a climate found over large areas of land masses in the temperate regions of the mid-latitudes where there is a zone of conflict between polar and tropical air masses. ... Hemiboreal means halfway between the temperate and subarctic (or boreal) zones. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ...


Precipitation is abundant with an average snowfall of 2.25 metres (84 in) per year in the winter. Regular rainfall throughout the year averages 900 mm (35.3 in). Summer is the wettest season statistically, but it is also the sunniest. For other uses, see Snow (disambiguation). ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about precipitation. ...


The coldest month of the year is January which has a daily average temperature of −10.4 °C (13 °F) — averaging a daily low of −14.9 °C (5.2 °F), colder than either Moscow (-10 °C) or Saint Petersburg (-6 °C). Due to wind chill, the perceived temperature can be much lower than the actual temperature and wind chill factor is often included in Montreal weather forecasts. The warmest month is July which has an average daily high of 26.3 °C (79.3 °F); lower nighttime temperatures make an average of 20.9 °C (69.6 °F) thus air exchangers often achieve the same result as air conditioners. The lowest temperature ever recorded was −37.8 °C (−36.0 °F) on 15 January 1957 and the highest temperature ever was 37.6 °C (99.7 °F) on 1 August 1975.[19] High humidity is common in the summer which makes the perceived temperature higher than the actual temperature. In spring and autumn, rainfall averages between 55 and 94 millimetres (2.2 and 3.7 in) a month. Some snow in spring and autumn is normal. Similarly, late heat waves as well as "Indian summers" are a regular feature of the climate.[20] For other uses, see Fahrenheit (disambiguation). ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and... Wind chill is the apparent temperature felt on the exposed human (or animal) body due to the combination of air temperature and wind speed. ... Heat recovery ventilation (also known as a heat exchanger, air exchanger or air-to-air exchanger) is a ventilation system that employs a counter-flow heat exchanger between the inbound and outbound air flow. ... Note: in the broadest sense, air conditioning can refer to any form of heating, ventilation, and air-conditioning. ... is the 15th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1957 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Humidity is the amount of water vapor in air. ... An Indian summer day Indian summer is a name given to a period of sunny, warm weather in autumn, not long before winter. ...

Weather averages for Montreal, Quebec
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C -5.7 -3.9 2.2 10.7 19.0 23.6 26.2 24.8 19.7 12.7 5.3 -2.2 11.1
Average low °C -14.7 -12.9 -6.7 0.6 7.7 12.7 15.6 14.3 9.4 3.4 -2.1 -10.4 1.4
Precipitation mm 78.3 61.5 73.6 78.0 76.3 83.1 91.3 92.7 92.6 77.8 92.6 81.3 978.9
Average high °F 21.7 25.0 36.0 51.3 66.2 74.5 79.2 76.6 67.5 54.9 41.5 28.0 52.0
Average low °F 5.5 8.8 19.9 33.1 45.9 54.9 60.1 57.7 48.9 38.1 28.2 13.3 34.5
Precipitation inch 3.1 2.4 2.9 3.1 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.6 3.6 3.1 3.6 3.2 38.5
Source: Environment Canada[19] 18 Dec 2006

Demographics

Island of Montreal
Population by year

1931 - 1,003,868
1941 - 1,116,800
1951 - 1,329,232
1961 - 1,747,696
1971 - 1,959,140
1976 - 1,869,585
1981 - 1,760,122
1986 - 1,819,670
1991 - 1,815,202
1996 - 1,775,846[21]
2001 - 1,812,723[22]
2006 - 1,854,442[22]

According to Statistics Canada, at the 2006 Canadian census the city of Montreal proper had 1,620,693 inhabitants.[1] However, 3,635,571 lived in the Montreal Census Metropolitan Area (CMA) at the same 2006 census, up from 3,451,027 at the 2001 census (within 2006 CMA boundaries), which means a population growth of +1.05% per year between 2001 and 2006.[3] In the 2001 census, children under 14 years of age (618,855) constituted 18.06 percent, while inhabitants over 65 years of age (442,720) numbered 12.92 percent of the total population. Some 13.55 percent of the population are member of a visible minority (non-white) group. Black people contribute to the largest visible minority group in greater Montreal, numbering some 160,000 (4.5% of Montreal inhabitants), which is the second-largest community of Blacks in Canada, after Toronto. Other groups, such as Arabs, Latin American, South Asian, and Chinese are also large in number. (Chart on ethnicity on the left includes multiple responses[23] In 2001, 22. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ... Though most indigenous Africans possess relatively dark skin, they exhibit much variation in physical appearance. ... For other uses, see Arab (disambiguation). ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Map of South Asia (see note on Kashmir). ...

Language most spoken at home
in the Montreal metropolitan area (CMA)
  1996 [24]   2001 [25]
French 71.2% 72.1%
English 19.4% 18.5%
Other language 13.4% 13.1%
Note that percentages add up to more than 100% because some people speak two or more languages at home.

In terms of first language learned (in infancy), the 2001 census reported that on the island of Montreal itself, 53% spoke French as a first language, followed by English at 18%. The remaining 29% percentage is made up of many languages including Italian (3.6%), Arabic (2.1%), Spanish (1.9%), Chinese (1.24%), Greek (1.21%), Creole (predominantly of Haitian origin) (1.02%), Portuguese (0.86%), Romanian (0.70%), Vietnamese (0.60%), and Polish (0.40%). In terms of additional languages spoken, a unique feature of Montreal throughout Canada, noted by Statistics Canada, is the working knowledge of both French and English by most of its residents. For this reason, it is often considered a bilingual city rather than a French speaking city.[26] The Island of Montreal (in French, île de Montréal), in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, is located at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ... A creole language, or simply a creole, is a stable language that originates seemingly as a new language, sometimes with features that are not inherited from any apparent source, without however qualifying in any appreciable way as a mixed language. ...

Ethnic origin Population
Canadian 1,885,085
French 900,485
Italian 224,460
Irish 161,235
English 134,115
Arab 125,000[27]
Scottish 94,705
Jewish 80,390
Haitian 69,945
Greek 55,865
German 53,850
Portuguese 41,050
Romanian 32,540
Armenian 25,439
Polish 23,890

The city of Montreal is overwhelmingly Roman Catholic, however, church attendance in Quebec is among the lowest in Canada.[28]. Historically Montreal has been a centre of Catholicism in North America with its numerous seminaries and churches, including the Notre-Dame Basilica, the Cathédrale Marie-Reine-du-Monde, and Saint Joseph's Oratory. Some 84.56 percent of the total population is Christian,[29] largely Roman Catholic (74.51%), which is largely due to French, Irish, and Italian origins. Protestants which include Anglican, United Church, Lutheran and other number 7.02%, while the remaining 3.03% consists mostly of Orthodox Christians, fuelled by a large Greek population. Due to the large number of non-European cultures, there is a diversity of non-Christian religions. Islam is the largest non-Christian group, with some 100,000 members, the second-largest concentration of Muslims in Canada, constituting 2.96%. The Jewish community in Montreal has a population of 93,000.[29] In cities such as Cote St. Luc and Hampstead, Jewish people constitute the majority,[30] or a substantial part of the population. As recently as the 1960s the Jewish community was as high as 130,000. Political and economic uncertainties led many to leave Montreal and the province of Quebec. This article is about the English as an ethnic group and nation. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about the Scottish as an ethnic group. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Notre-Dame de Montréal Basilica The Basilique Notre-Dame de Montréal (commonly called Notre-Dame Basilica) is a basilica in the historic district of Montreal, in Quebec, Canada. ... The Cathedral-Basilica of Mary, Queen of the World (French: Cathédrale Marie-Reine-du-Monde) in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, is the seat of the Roman Catholic archdiocese of Montreal. ... Saint Josephs Oratory of Mount Royal, (French: Oratoire Saint-Joseph du Mont-Royal), is a Roman Catholic basilica on the northern slope of Mount Royal in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... The United Church can refer to a number of churches. ... The Lutheran movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity by the original definition. ... Eastern Orthodoxy (also called Greek Orthodoxy and Russian Orthodoxy) is a Christian tradition which represents the majority of Eastern Christianity. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... Côte Saint-Luc within the Island of Montreal. ... Hampstead is a former town in southwestern Quebec, Canada, on the Island of Montreal; pop. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... The Quebec diaspora refers to the hundreds of thousands of people who left the province of Quebec for the United States, Ontario and the Canadian prairies between 1840 and the Great Depression of the 1930s as well as those who began to leave during the 1960s following the Front de...


Administration

Island of Montreal in winter, as seen from space
Island of Montreal in winter, as seen from space

The head of the city government in Montreal is the mayor, who is first among equals in the City Council. The mayor is Gérald Tremblay, who is a member of the Union des citoyens et des citoyennes de l'Île de Montréal (English: Montreal Island Citizens Union). The city council is a democratically elected institution and is the final decision-making authority in the city, although much power is centralized in the executive committee. It consists of 73 members from all boroughs of the city. The Council has jurisdiction over many matters, including public security, agreements with other governments, subsidy programs, the environment, urban planning, and a three-year capital expenditure program. The City Council is also required to supervise, standardize or approve certain decisions made by the borough councils. File links The following pages link to this file: Montreal Categories: GFDL images ... File links The following pages link to this file: Montreal Categories: GFDL images ... The Greater Montreal Area is a term used to describe either the Montreal, Quebec, Canada Census Metropolitan Area or the Montreal Metropolitan Community (French: Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal) The CMA is defined by Statistics Canada while the Montreal Metropolitan Community is a level of government in Quebec, and... Download high resolution version (639x639, 191 KB)Montreal, Canada - February 1994 image description here File links The following pages link to this file: Montreal Categories: NASA images ... Download high resolution version (639x639, 191 KB)Montreal, Canada - February 1994 image description here File links The following pages link to this file: Montreal Categories: NASA images ... The Island of Montreal (in French, île de Montréal), in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, is located at the confluence of the Saint Lawrence and Ottawa Rivers. ... This is a list of mayors of the City of Montreal in the Province of Quebec, Canada. ... First among Equals could refer to Primus inter pares, a political concept or First Among Equals, a novel by Jeffrey Archer ... The Montreal City Council is the governing body of Montreal, Quebec. ... Gérald Tremblay. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The city of Montreal is divided into 19 boroughs (in French, arrondissements), each with a mayor and council. ... For other uses, see Safety (disambiguation). ... Urban planning is concerned with the ordering and design of settlements, from the smallest towns to the worlds largest cities. ... The city of Montreal is divided into 19 boroughs (in French, arrondissements), each with a mayor and council. ...


Reporting directly to the City Council, the executive committee exercises decision-making powers similar to that of cabinet in a parliamentary system and is responsible for preparing various documents including budgets and by-laws, submitted by the City Council for approval. The decision-making powers of the executive committee cover, in particular, the awarding of contracts or grants, the management of human and financial resources, supplies and buildings. It may also be assigned further powers by the City Council. States currently utilizing parliamentary systems are denoted in red and orange—the former being constitutional monarchies where authority is vested in a parliament, and the latter being parliamentary republics whose parliaments are effectively supreme over a separate head of state. ... For the rental car company, see Budget Rent a Car. ... A Bylaw (sometimes also seen as By-Law or ByLaw) is a rule governing the internal management of an organization, such as a business corporation. ... A contract is a legally binding exchange of promises or agreement between parties that the law will enforce. ... Grants are funds given to tax-exempt nonprofit organizations or local governments by foundations, corporations, governments, small business and individuals. ... This article is about human resources as it applies to business, labor, and economies. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Standing committees are the council's prime instruments for public consultation. They are responsible for the public study of pending matters and for making the appropriate recommendations to the council and its five constituent parts. They also review the annual budget forecasts for departments under their jurisdiction. A public notice of meeting is published in both French and English daily newspapers at least seven days before each meeting. All meetings include a public question period. The standing committees, of which there are seven, have terms lasting two years. In addition, the City Council may decide to create special committees at any time. Each standing committee is made up of seven to nine members, including a chairman and a vice-chairman. The members are all elected municipal officers, with the exception of a representative of the government of Quebec on the public security committee. This article is about the Canadian province. ...


The city of Montreal is only one component of the larger Communauté Métropolitaine de Montréal (English: Montreal Metropolitan Community or MMC), which is in charge of planning, coordinating, and financing economic development, public transportation, garbage collection and waste management, etc., across the metropolitan area of Montreal. The president of the CMM is the mayor of Montreal. The CMM covers 3,839 square kilometres (1,482 sq mi), with 3,635,700 inhabitants in 2005. The Greater Montreal Area is a term used to describe either the Montreal, Quebec, Canada Census Metropolitan Area or the Montreal Metropolitan Community (French: Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal) The CMA is defined by Statistics Canada while the Montreal Metropolitan Community is a level of government in Quebec, and... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Waste For the company, see Waste Management, Inc. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Montreal now constitutes its own region of Quebec. Quebec, Canada, is officially divided into 17 administrative regions. ...

See also: Districts of Montreal and Montreal borough

This is the list of the districts of Montreal, a subdivision of the boroughs. ... The city of Montreal is divided into 19 boroughs (in French, arrondissements), each with a mayor and council. ...

Culture

Main article: Culture of Montreal
See also: Festivals and parades in Montreal
View of Montreal from McGill University
View of Montreal from McGill University
Rene-Levesque boulevard
Rene-Levesque boulevard
The entrance of the Complexe Desjardins
The entrance of the Complexe Desjardins

A cultural heart of classical art and the venue for many summer festivals, the Place des Arts is a complex of different concert and theatre halls surrounding a large open-spaced square in the downtown. The Place des Arts harbours the headquarters of the Montreal Symphony Orchestra (OSM: Orchestre Symphonique de Montréal), which performs in its halls regularly. The OSM is one of the world's foremost orchestras, most remembered for the quality of its performance of the repertoire of Maurice Ravel under conductor Charles Dutoit. Since 2006, the OSM has a new conductor, the American Kent Nagano. L'orchestre métropolitain and the chamber orchestra I Musici de Montréal are two other well-regarded Montreal orchestras. Also performing home at Place des Arts is the Opéra de Montréal and the city’s chief ballet company Les Grands Ballets Canadiens. In contemporary dance, Montreal has been active, particularly since the 80s. Internationally recognized avant-garde dance troupes such as La La La Human Steps, O Vertigo, and the Fondation Jean-Pierre Perreault have toured the world and worked with international popular artists on videos and concerts. The intelligent integration of multi-discipline arts in choreography of these troops has paved the way to the success of the Montreal-based Cirque du Soleil. As a North American city, Montreal shares many of the cultural features characteristic of the other metropolis on the continent, including representations in all traditional manifestation of high culture, a long-lasting tradition of jazz and rock music, and tentative experimentation in visual arts, theater, music, and dance. ... Festivals and parades in Montreal is a link page for any established festival or carnival, or parade in Montreal. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (920x690, 143 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (920x690, 143 KB) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... McGill University. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixels, file size: 242 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixels, file size: 242 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixels, file size: 245 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixels, file size: 245 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... View of the Place des Arts esplanade. ... The Montreal Symphony Orchestra (MSO) (in French: Orchestre symphonique de Montréal (OSM)) is a major orchestra based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, with its home venue at Montreals Place des Arts. ... Maurice Ravel. ... Charles Édouard Dutoit (born October 7, 1936) is a Swiss conductor. ... Kent Nagano is the current music director of the Orchestre Symphonique de Montréal. ... I Musici de Montréal is a Canadian chamber orchestra. ... Opéra de Montréal is an opera company in Montreal. ... Les Grands Ballets Canadiens is a Canadian ballet company based in Montreal, Quebec. ... La La La Human Steps is a leading Québécois contemporary dance group known for its energetic, acrobatic style that often involves fast-paced and athletic physical contact. ... Cirque du Soleil (French for Circus of the Sun) is an entertainment empire based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada and founded in Baie-Saint-Paul in 1984 by two former street performers, Guy Laliberté and Daniel Gauthier. ...


Montreal is the cultural centre of Quebec, and of French-speaking North America as a whole. The city is Canada's centre for French language television productions, radio, theatre, film, multimedia and print publishing. The Quartier Latin is a neighbourhood crowded with cafés animated by this literary and musical activity. The local English-speaking artistic community nevertheless contributes dynamically to the culture of Montreal, and intense collaborations exist between all Montreal communities. The result is a dynamic musical scene, ignited by the presence of numerous musical festivals, that melds different musical styles and traditions. English theatre struggled but survived with the Centaur Theatre. Ethnic theatre, by the 70s, began to be a force with the Black Theatre Workshop, the Yiddish Theatre established at the Saidye Bronfman Centre and the Teesri Duniya Theatre. In the late 90s, Montreal started becoming a veritable hotspot for low-budget independent English theatre with companies such as MainLine Theatre, Gravy Bath Theatre, Sa Booge, Persephone, Pumpkin Productions, and Tableau D'Hôte Theatre warming up the once lackluster scene. This article is about the Canadian province. ... The Centaur Theatre Company is a theatre company based in Montreal, Quebec and founded in 1969 by Maurice Podbrey. ...


Festivals

Scotiabank (formerly Paramount) movie theatre on Sainte-Catherine Street
Scotiabank (formerly Paramount) movie theatre on Sainte-Catherine Street

The plaza on Place des Arts is the home of the most important events during several musical festivals, including the Montreal International Jazz Festival and Montreal Francofolies, a festival of French-speaking song artists. During the seven-to-ten days that last each of the two festivals, shows are held in a wide variety of venues, from relatively small clubs to the large halls of Place des Arts. Some of the outdoor shows are held on cordoned-off streets while others are on terraced parks. The most popular festival, in terms of attendance, is the Just For Laughs Festival. A comedy festival held in both languages, it features comedians, humourists, and stand-ups from all over the world. The Montreal Fireworks Festival also attracts a lot of attention. On the evenings of competition, tens of thousands of people watch the fireworks for free on their roofs or from locations nearby the competition. Other festivals in Montreal include Pop Montreal, The Fringe festival and Nujaz. Annual family-oriented events promoting health and cycling are also organized in the streets of Montreal. Parades are also popular in downtown Montreal. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1184 × 888 pixel, file size: 258 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1184 × 888 pixel, file size: 258 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Scotiabank (Banque Scotia)(TSX: BNS NYSE: BNS), formally known as The Bank of Nova Scotia is one of Canadas Big Five banks. ... Saint Catherine Street, (officially rue Sainte-Catherine), is the primary commercial artery of downtown Montreal. ... A stage at the jazz festival Opposite angle of stage view above, July 4, 2005 Behind Vibe Bars Vibraphonist Matthias Lupri The Montreal International Jazz Festival (MIJF, also called the Jazz Fest, in French Festival International de Jazz de Montréal (FIJM)) is the largest jazz festival in the world. ... A panoramic view overlooking Les Francofolies Festival in downtown Montreal. ... Just for Laughs (in French Juste pour rire) is a comedy festival held each year in Montreal, Quebec. ... L’International des Feux Loto-Québec, also known as the Montreal Fireworks Festival, is the most important international fireworks competition. ...


The city is increasingly becoming known for its mainstream party festivals such as the Black and Blue Festival, the worlds largest gay-benefit dance festival, attracting thousands of tourists to the city every Canadian Thanksgiving weekend, which raises hundreds of thousands for HIV/AIDS and the gay community, as well as the Bal en Blanc held every Easter Sunday, also attracting thousands every year. Bal en Blanc is a huge rave party that is hosted annually in Montreal, Canada. ...


Night life

During the period of Prohibition in the United States, Montreal became well-known as one of North America's "sin cities" with unparalleled nightlife, a reputation it still holds today. In part, its bustling nightlife is attributed to its relatively late "last call" (3 a.m.), and its many restaurants and after hours clubs that stay open well on into the morning. The large university population, the drinking age of 18, and the excellent public transportation system (a network of night buses, some with service every 15 minutes, replaces the metro between 1:00 and 5:00 a.m.) combine with other aspects of the Montreal culture to make the city's night life unique. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (942x582, 123 KB) Summary Photographer: M3taphysical A photo I took while crossing St-Catherine street (Fall 2005). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (942x582, 123 KB) Summary Photographer: M3taphysical A photo I took while crossing St-Catherine street (Fall 2005). ... The Bay on Saint Catherine Street next to the Christ Church Cathedral Place des Arts Saint Catherine Street (officially rue Sainte-Catherine) is the primary commercial artery of downtown Montreal. ... The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... Nightlife is the collective term for any entertainment that is available and more popular from the late evening into the early hours of the morning. ...


Crescent

A general view of downtown Crescent Street with Mont Royal in the background.
A general view of downtown Crescent Street with Mont Royal in the background.

Crescent Street is "party central" for Montreal's tourist population, lying at the edge of the Concordia University campus. Throughout the summer, it features street fairs and festivals. The Formula 1 Canadian Grand Prix unofficially starts off Montreal's non-stop festival season in the summer. Crescent Street also features many clubs and bars. The clientele of Crescent nightclubs and bars are mostly students, tourists and in general a younger crowd looking for exhilaration and excitement. Most venues will play Top 40 music. The nearest subway stops are Peel and Guy-Concordia. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (2048 × 1536 pixel, file size: 1. ... Crescent Street (officially rue Crescent) is one of Montreals party places, filled with clubs and bars. ... Alternate uses: Mount Royal (disambiguation) Mount Royal (French: mont Royal) is a mountain on the Island of Montreal, immediately north of downtown Montréal, Québec, Canada, the city to which it gave its name. ... Crescent Street (officially rue Crescent) is one of Montreals party places, filled with clubs and bars. ... This article is about Concordia University in Montreal, Quebec. ... Formula One, abbreviated to F1 and also known as Grand Prix racing, is the highest class of single-seat open-wheel auto racing. ... The Canadian Grand Prix (known in its native French as the Grand Prix du Canada) is a Formula One auto race held in Canada since 1967. ...


"The Main"

Boulevard Saint-Laurent (Saint Laurent Boulevard, known locally as "The Main" or "Saint Lawrence Boulevard") is one of the best places to find nightlife, with many bars and nightclubs and a wide range of restaurants. Saint-Laurent street night spots are often less mainstream than those on Crescent street, with a great variety: from Top 40 and urban music to electronica and techno, from underground and alternative rock to live bands. South of Prince Arthur Street, toward Sherbrooke Street, one is likely to encounter a "posher" clientele. From Prince Arthur Street north (to Avenue Mont-Royal and beyond), one should expect to rub shoulders with an "edgier" crowd. The nearest subway stops are Saint-Laurent and Sherbrooke. Saint Lawrence Boulevard or Saint Laurent Boulevard (officially boul. ... Saint-Laurent Saint-Laurent is a station on the Montreal Metro Green Line. ... Sherbrooke is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line. ...


Sainte-Catherine Street West

Another highly notable nightlife area is Sainte-Catherine Street West between Mackay St. and Peel St. where many nightclubs, bars, restaurants, movie theatres, shopping, and strip clubs are located.


The Village

Montreal is also one of the biggest gay destinations in North America with a flourishing gay village, and with one of the largest of its kind on the North American continent[citation needed] , which houses three of the city's most popular clubs, Unity, Parking and Sky, along with dozens of restaurants and shops. A gay village (also gay ghetto or gayborhood) is an urban geographic location with generally recognized boundaries where a large number of gay, lesbian, transgender, and bisexual people live. ...


Shopping

Still standing since 1866, Ogilvy's is a high fashion department store.
Still standing since 1866, Ogilvy's is a high fashion department store.

Saint Catherine Street and the downtown area once boasted Montreal's four prominent department stores: Eaton's, Morgan's, Ogilvy's, and Simpson's. Today, only Ogilvy's remains. However, the area remains a shopping destination, with many major retailers having large stores along the streets of downtown, including Holt Renfrew, Hudson's Bay Company, Les Ailes de la Mode, Levi's, Benetton, Zara, Crabtree & Evelyn, Chapters, Gap, American Eagle Outfitters, Banana Republic, Old Navy, Louis Vuitton, Tommy Hilfiger, Max Azria, Club Monaco, La Maison Simons, Hugo Boss, Archambault, Burberry, fcuk, Harry Rosen Inc., La Senza, Future Shop, HMV, lululemon athletica, Parasuco and Roots. H&M is still trying to find a proper location for it flagship store downtown. Additionally, many of Montreal's most prominent shopping complexes, including the Faubourg Sainte-Catherine, the Centre Eaton, les Cours Mont-Royal (a high fashion shopping mall), the Complexe Desjardins, the Complexe Les Ailes, Place Dupuis, Place Alexis-Nihon, Westmount Square, and Place Montreal Trust all make their home along this street. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Ogilvy (La Maison Ogilvy in French), also known as Ogilvys, is a prominent department store in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, where its store on Saint Catherine Street is a retail landmark. ... The Bay on Saint Catherine Street next to the Christ Church Cathedral Place des Arts Saint Catherine Street (officially rue Sainte-Catherine) is the primary commercial artery of downtown Montreal. ... Eatons was once Canadas largest department store retailer. ... Morgans, a Montreal-based department store, which at its peak had stores in Quebec and Ontario was opened in 1845. ... Ogilvy (La Maison Ogilvy in French), also known as Ogilvys, is a prominent department store in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, where its store on Saint Catherine Street is a retail landmark. ... The Robert Simpson Company, or Simpsons, was a Canadian department store chain, founded by Robert Simpson in 1872. ... Holt Renfrew is a chain of high-end Canadian department stores. ... Hudsons Bay Company (HBC; Compagnie de la Baie dHudson in French) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... Levis is a brand of riveted denim jeans manufactured by Levi Strauss & Co. ... Benetton Group S.p. ... A Zara store in ifc, Central, Hong Kong. ... Crabtree & Evelyn is an American retailer of naturally inspired body, face and home products with stores globally. ... Chapters old and new logos, respectively Chapters is a Big Box bookstore chain throughout Canada. ... For other uses, see Gap. ... American Eagle Outfitters is an American clothing and accessories retailer based in the South Side neighborhood of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... For other uses, see Banana republic (disambiguation). ... Old Navy is a brand of clothing and chain of stores owned by Gap Inc. ... Louis vuitton was a great man he was born on fh 12 3845. ... Thomas Jacob Hilfiger (born March 24, 1951 in Elmira, New York) is a world-famous American fashion designer and creator of the eponymous Tommy Hilfiger and Tommy brands. ... Max Azria is a Jewish American fashion designer who founded the popular midscale women clothing line BCBG in 1989. ... Club Monaco is an upscale clothing retailer with more than 65 stores in North America. ... La Maison Simons is a fashion retailer in Quebec, Canada. ... Hugo Boss AG is a fashion house based in Germany, which specializes in menswear. ... Archambault is a chain of music and bookstores in Quebec. ... A ladies Burberry handbag in the companys trademarked check pattern Burberry is a British luxury fashion house, manufacturing clothing and other apparel. ... The French Connection. ... Harry Rosen Inc. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Future Shop is a Canadian electronics retailer operating a total of 122 stores across all of Canadas provinces as of May 2007. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... lululemon athletica (TSX: LLL, NYSE: LULU) (IPA: , with the last two syllables pronounced like lemon) — self-described as a yoga-inspired athletic apparel company — produces a clothing line and runs international clothing-stores from its company base in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... Parasuco is a Canadian apparel company with focus on the young and fashion oriented consumer. ... The Roots logo Roots Canada Ltd. ... For the former railroad, see Hudson and Manhattan Railroad. ... The Centre Eaton is a popular mall located in the heart of downtown Montreal. ... Complexe Les Ailes is a major retail and office complex on Saint Catherine Street in downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Place Alexis Nihon is a 2. ... Westmount Square is one of Montreals most prestigious addresses. ... Indoor Water Fountain in the center of Place Montreal Trust Place Montreal Trust is a large shopping mall in downtown Montreal just next door to the Centre Eaton (Montreal). ...


There are many other areas in the city for shopping.

See also: List of malls in Montreal

The following is a list of malls in the region of Montreal. ...

Montreal cuisine

Main article: Cuisine of Quebec

Perhaps no single contribution from the allophone communities is more perceived than in Montreal's culinary fabric. Italian, Greek, Portuguese and Jewish communities have contributed to the making up of Montreal's delicatessens and other restaurants. Jewish culinary contributions extended to two of the world-renowned smoked meat sandwiches and Montreal style bagels. Lebanese falafels and Japanese sushi have become appreciated cuisines. This wide variety of cuisines certainly participates to the fact that Montreal is one of the cities with the most restaurants in the world. Due to all of the above, Montreal and its culinary landscape was the focus of Gourmet magazine's March 2006 issue. Since its existence, the magazine has focused its attention on one city in an issue only five other times. Those issues focused on Paris, Rome, San Francisco, New York and London. Traditional Cuisine Most famous for its tourtières, pea soup, baked beans, cretons, ham dishes, boulettes, stew of pig legs, maple desserts and St. ... Food from plant sources Food is any substance normally eaten or drunk by living organisms. ... Smoked Meat sandwich, served with coleslaw, potato chips and half a pickle Smoked meat is a method of preparing cured meats which originated among the Jews of Central Europe; and is often associated with Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Montreal bagel is world famous, with people coming far and wide to Montreals two most revered bagel joints, Fairmount Bagels and St. ... Gourmet magazine, a monthly publication of Condé Nast Publications (which also produces its sister publication Bon Appétit) first started publication in 1941. ...


Architecture

The former downtown headquarters of the Montreal Savings and Loan Bank, now the Laurentian Bank. This Beaux-Arts styled building is richly decorated in Montreal symbols, and today holds the Montreal Banana Republic store.
The former downtown headquarters of the Montreal Savings and Loan Bank, now the Laurentian Bank. This Beaux-Arts styled building is richly decorated in Montreal symbols, and today holds the Montreal Banana Republic store.

For over a century and a half, Montreal was the industrial and financial centre of Canada. The variety of buildings included factories, elevators, warehouses, mills, and refineries which today provide a legacy of historic and architectural interest, especially in the downtown area and the Old Port area. As viewed from this riverside venue the striking buildings of Habitat 67 which was by architect Moshe Safdie, as he based his master's thesis from McGill University's on this monument in time and was built as part of Expo 67 exposition for technology in the future. Today there are also many historical buildings in Old Montreal still in their original form: Notre-Dame Basilica, Hotel de Ville, Marche Bonsecours, Rue St. Jacques with 19th century impressive headquarters of all major Canadian banks and are some of the architectural landmarks of old Montreal. Another gem is the Stade Olympic 1976, Maison Alcan, the 1000 de La Gauchetière Tower, Biodome nature museum, Jacques Cartier Bridge, Montreal World Trade Centre, Place Jean Riopelle and Square Cartier are among fine examples of 20th and 21st centuries architecture. The Montreal Metro is filled with a profusion of public artwork by some of the biggest names in Quebec culture. The design and ornamentation of each metro station in Montreal is unique. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1184 × 888 pixel, file size: 247 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this photo when shopping downtown Summer 2006 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1184 × 888 pixel, file size: 247 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this photo when shopping downtown Summer 2006 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... For other uses, see Banana republic (disambiguation). ... A century (From the Latin cent, one hundred) is one hundred consecutive years. ... Buildings are combinatorial structures on which groups act; the theory of buildings was introduced by Jacques Tits and expounded in Kenneth S. Browns excellent monograph Buildings. ... A factory (previously manufactory) is a large industrial building where goods or products are manufactured. ... This article is about the transportation device. ... Inside Green Logistics Co. ... You can choose: Robert L. Mills, US physicist who researched quantum field theory. ... A refinery is a building and/or the equipment used for refining or processing specific products. ... Habitat 67 is a striking housing complex located on the Quai Marc-Drouin on the Saint Lawrence River at Montreal. ... Moshe Safdie, C.C., B.Arch. ... McGill University. ... The 1967 International and Universal Exposition, or simply Expo 67 was the General Exhibition Category 1 Worlds Fair held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from April 27 to October 29, 1967. ... The Montreal Metro is the main form of public transportation within the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...


Montreal has recently been listed as a UN sanctioned 'world capital of design'. The city is an absolute visual marvel, with the downtown divided into component pieces, each with a specific theme, style (or juxtaposition of styles) overall colour and material schemes etc.


Crime

The crime rate in Montreal has always been relatively low for a city its size, but there has always been above average robbery and drug-related offenses. Montreal's usual murder rate falls between 40-50 per year with the city mostly having problems with gangs and hate crimes. Montreal's most powerful criminal organization is, arguably, the Mafia. Active in Montreal since the early 1900s, the group has been able to develop a nearly impregnable hierarchy and establish international drug networks. The Mafia, along with the predominantly Irish West End Gang and the Hells Angels, make up Montreal's "Consortium". The group determines the price of drugs, the amounts that are imported, and who it is sold to. Vito Rizzuto is reputedly in control and leads an extremely powerful, secretive, and disciplined group. This article is about the criminal society. ... The West End Gang is one of Canadas most influential criminal groups. ... This article is about the Hells Angels Motorcycle Club. ... Vito Rizzuto, known as Montreals Teflon Don, is alleged to be the leading mafia boss in Canada. ...


Montreal has also been the scene of several school shootings including the Dawson College shooting, the École Polytechnique massacre and the Concordia University massacre; also, lately Montreal has been known to have many cases of police corruption having to do a lot with drugs. The Dawson College shooting occurred on September 13, 2006 at Dawson College, a CEGEP in Westmount near downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Plaque on the exterior wall of École Polytechnique commemorating the victims of the massacre. ... The Concordia University massacre was a school shooting on August 24, 1992 that resulted in the deaths of four people at Concordia University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...


Economy

Montreal is an important centre of commerce, industry, culture, finance, and world affairs.

Tour de la Bourse (Stock Exchange Tower)
Tour de la Bourse (Stock Exchange Tower)
Looking up University Street
Looking up University Street

Montreal industries include aerospace, electronic goods, pharmaceuticals, printed goods, software engineering, telecommunications, textile and apparel manufacturing, tobacco and transportation. The service sector is also strong and includes civil, mechanical and process engineering, finance, higher education, and research and development. In 2002, Montreal ranked as 4th largest centre in North America in terms of aerospace jobs.[31] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (821x1760, 121 KB) Tour de la Bourse, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (821x1760, 121 KB) Tour de la Bourse, Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Tour de la Bourse by day. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Look up aerospace in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the engineering discipline. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon is drug, and logos is science) is the study of how chemical substances interfere with living systems. ... Software engineering (SE) is the application of a systematic, disciplined, quantifiable approach to the development, operation, and maintenance of software. ... Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... Finance studies and addresses the ways in which individuals, businesses, and organizations raise, allocate, and use monetary resources over time, taking into account the risks entailed in their projects. ... The University of Cambridge is an institute of higher learning. ...


Montreal is a major port city along the Saint Lawrence Seaway, a deep-draft inland waterway links it to the industrial centres of the Great Lakes. It is still the largest inland port in the world. As one of the most important ports in Canada, it remains a trans-shipment point for grain, sugar, petroleum products, machinery, and consumer goods. For this reason, it is the railway hub of Canada and has always been an extremely important rail city; it is the eastern terminus of the Canadian Pacific Railway and home to the headquarters of the Canadian National Railway. The Eisenhower Locks in Massena, NY. The St. ... The Great Lakes from space The Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes on or near the United States-Canadian border. ... Grain redirects here. ... This article is about sugar as food and as an important and widely traded commodity. ... Petro redirects here. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ...


The headquarters of the Canadian Space Agency are located in Longueuil, southeast of Montreal. Montreal also hosts the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO, a United Nations body); the World Anti-Doping Agency (an Olympic body); the International Air Transport Association (IATA); the International Council of Graphic Design Associations (Icograda); the International Design Alliance (IDA); Gay and Lesbian International Chamber of Commerce, as well as some 60 other international organizations in various fields. It is also the leading Canadian city for its research output, fuelled in part by Montreal's four universities and numerous scientific research centres. The Canadian Space Agency (CSA or, in French, lAgence spatiale canadienne, ASC) is the Canadian government space agency responsible for Canadas space program. ... The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), an agency of the United Nations, codifies the principles and techniques of international air navigation and fosters the planning and development of international air transport to ensure safe and orderly growth. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ... The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is an independent foundation created through a collective initiative led by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). ... Stamp The International Olympic Committee (French: Comité International Olympique) is an organization based in Lausanne, Switzerland, created by Pierre de Coubertin and Demetrios Vikelas on June 23, 1894. ... “IATA” redirects here. ...

Montreal is also a centre of film and television production. The headquarters and five studios of the Academy Award-winning documentary producer National Film Board of Canada can be found here, as well as the head offices of Telefilm Canada, the national feature-length film and television funding agency. Given its eclectic architecture and broad availability of film services and crew members, Montreal is a popular filming location for feature-length films, and sometimes stands in for European locations. The city is also home to many recognized cultural, film and music festivals (Just For Laughs, Montreal Jazz Festival, e.g), which contribute significantly to its economy. It is also home to one of the world's largest cultural enterprises, the Cirque du Soleil. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (888 × 1184 pixel, file size: 230 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) i took this photo when walking downtown File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (888 × 1184 pixel, file size: 230 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) i took this photo when walking downtown File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old... Place Ville-Marie Place Ville-Marie or 1, Place Ville-Marie is a cruciform office tower built in the International style in 1962 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The National Film Board of Canada (usually National Film Board or NFB) is a Canadian public filmmaking organization established to produce and distribute films that inform Canadians and promote Canada around the world. ... Telefilm Canada is a federal cultural agency dedicated primarily to the development and promotion of the Canadian film, television, and new media industries. ... Cirque du Soleil (French for Circus of the Sun) is an entertainment empire based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada and founded in Baie-Saint-Paul in 1984 by two former street performers, Guy Laliberté and Daniel Gauthier. ...


The video game industry is also booming in Montreal since 1997, coinciding with the opening of Ubisoft's studio in the area. As of today (2007), the city has attracted world leading game developers and publishers studios such as Ubisoft, EA, Eidos Interactive, Artificial Mind and Movement, Strategy First and many more, mainly because video games jobs have been heavily subsidized by the provincial government. Every year, this industry is generating billions of dollars and thousands of jobs in the Montreal area. Ubisoft Entertainment (formerly Ubi Soft) is a computer and video game publisher and developer headquarters in Montreuil, France. ... Ubisoft Entertainment (formerly Ubi Soft) is a computer and video game publisher and developer with headquarters in Montreuil-sous-Bois, France. ... EA, Ea, or ea can signify several things. ... Eidos Interactive is a publisher of video and computer games with its parent company based in England. ... A2M Home Page. ... Strategy First is a software company based in Montreal, Canada. ...


Alcan, Bombardier, CN, CGI Group, Air Canada, CAE, Saputo, Cirque du Soleil, Quebecor, Power Corporation, Bell Canada, SNC-Lavalin, Hydro-Quebec, Abitibi-Consolidated, National Bank of Canada and many other corporations are headquartered in the Greater Montreal Area. Alcan (ALaska CANada) is also one of the common names for the Alaska Highway that connects Dawson Creek, British Columbia, with Fairbanks, Alaska. ... For other uses, see Bombardier (disambiguation). ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... CGI Group Inc. ... Air Canada is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... CAE can stand for: Critical Art Ensemble CAE, a Canadian manufacturer of flight simulators Computer-aided engineering Common Application Environment Certificate in Advanced English, the fourth level of the Cambridge University exams in English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) ([1]) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid... Saputo Inc. ... Cirque du Soleil (French for Circus of the Sun) is an entertainment empire based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada and founded in Baie-Saint-Paul in 1984 by two former street performers, Guy Laliberté and Daniel Gauthier. ... Quebecor (written without an accent on the first e, even in French) is a Quebec-based company with two main spheres of activity: Quebecor World is the largest commercial printing company in the world, with 39 000 employees around the world. ... Power Corporation is a major Canadian company with interests in a number of industries, such as media, pulp and paper, and finance. ... Bell Canada Enterprises (TSX: BCE, NYSE: BCE), legally BCE Inc. ... SNC-Lavalin is a Canadian, engineering firm with interests in transportation, construction hydroelectricity,mining and metallurgy, oil and gas, Chemical engineering, petroleum engineering,aerospace engineering defence, environment, agriculture, pharmaceuticals and telecommunications. ... Categories: Companies of Canada | Public Utilities | Stub ... Abitibi-Consolidated NYSE: ABY TSX: A is an Canadian pulp and paper company based in Montreal, Quebec. ... National Bank of Canada (Banque Nationale du Canada) TSX: NA is the sixth largest bank in Canada, and so is one of the Big Six banks. ... The Greater Montreal Area is a term used to describe either the Montreal, Quebec, Canada Census Metropolitan Area or the Montreal Metropolitan Community (French: Communauté métropolitaine de Montréal) The CMA is defined by Statistics Canada while the Montreal Metropolitan Community is a level of government in Quebec, and...


In 2006 Montreal was named UNESCO City of Design. One of the three design capitals of the world (with Berlin and Buenos Aires). This distinguish title recognizes Montreal's design community. Since 2005 the city is also a home for the International Design Alliance and the International Council of Graphic Design Associations (Icograda).[32] UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ...


Sports in Montreal

The Montreal Canadiens win a game at the Bell Centre.
The Montreal Canadiens win a game at the Bell Centre.
Main article: Sport in Montreal
See also: List of Montreal parks
Sports teams of Montreal
Club League Sport Venue Established Championships
Montreal Canadiens NHL Hockey Bell Centre 1909 24
Montreal Alouettes CFL Football Percival Molson Memorial Stadium

Olympic Stadium Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 829 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) During the Penguins game on Feb 4th 2007 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 829 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) During the Penguins game on Feb 4th 2007 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this... The Montreal Canadiens (French: ) are a professional mens ice hockey team based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Centre Bell, Montreal Centre Bell, Montreal The Bell Centre (French: Centre Bell), formerly known as the Molson Centre, has been the home of the Montreal Canadiens since March 16, 1996, when the team departed from the historic Montreal Forum after their last game on March 11 of the same year. ... // Montreal is famous for its hockey-hungry fans. ... The following is partial list of the noteworthy parks in and around the city of Montreal, Canada. ... The Montreal Canadiens (French: ) are a professional mens ice hockey team based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... NHL redirects here. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Centre Bell, Montreal Centre Bell, Montreal The Bell Centre (French: Centre Bell), formerly known as the Molson Centre, has been the home of the Montreal Canadiens since March 16, 1996, when the team departed from the historic Montreal Forum after their last game on March 11 of the same year. ... The Montreal Alouettes (French: Alouettes de Montréal) are a Canadian Football League team based in Montreal, Quebec. ... CFL redirects here. ... Diagram of a Canadian football field. ... Molson Stadium (Officially known as Percival Molson Memorial Stadium) is a football stadium at McGill University in Montreal, Quebec. ... Le Stade Olympique (The Olympic Stadium) is a stadium in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...

1946-87 1996-today
7
Montreal Impact USL Soccer Stade Saputo 1993 2
Montreal Expos MLB Baseball Olympic Stadium 1969-2005 (Now Washington Nationals) 0
Montreal Royal ABA Basketball Centre Pierre Charbonneau 2005 0
Quebec Cariboo RCSL Rugby Dollard-des-Ormeaux 1998 0
Montreal Mission NRL Ringette Various 2004 0

The Montreal Impact (French: Impact de Montréal) are a Canadian soccer team in the North American USL First Division. ... The United Soccer Leagues First Division (often referred to as simply, USL-1) is a professional mens soccer league in North America. ... Soccer redirects here. ... Saputo Stadium (French: Stade Saputo) is a soccer-specific stadium in Montreal, Quebec, Canada which is under construction. ... The Montreal Expos (French: Les Expos de Montréal) were a Major League Baseball team located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from 1969 until 2004. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... This article is about the sport. ... Le Stade Olympique (The Olympic Stadium) is a stadium in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Washington Nationals (2005–present) Montreal Expos (1969-2004) Other nicknames The Nats Ballpark Nationals Ballpark (2008–present) RFK Stadium 2005-2007 Hiram Bithorn Stadium[3] (San Juan) (2003-2004) Olympic Stadium (Montreal) (1977... The Montreal Royal are an American Basketball Association team based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The American Basketball Association (ABA) is a mens basketball league founded in 1999. ... This article is about the sport. ... Centre Pierre Charbonneau is a sports arena located in Montreal, Quebec. ... The Rugby Canada Super League (RCSL or Super League) is a national, semi-professional rugby union competition in Canada. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Adam Dollard des Ormeaux, (1635-1660), usually known simply as Dollard des Ormeaux, was a colonist of New France who led his companions from the newly founded town of Ville Marie in 1660 to ambush a larger force of Iroquois. ... Ringette is a team sport played on an ice surface. ...

Hockey

The biggest sport following in Montreal clearly belongs to hockey – and the city is famous for its hockey-hungry fans. The Montreal Canadiens are one of the Original Six NHL teams, and boast the greatest number of Stanley Cup championships at 24 (11 more than second place Toronto). The only other team in the four major North American sports leagues to have this many titles are baseball's New York Yankees, and their 26 titles. Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The Montreal Canadiens (French: ) are a professional mens ice hockey team based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Original Six are the six teams that made up the National Hockey League (NHL) for the 25 seasons between the 1942-43 NHL season season and the 1967 NHL Expansion. ... NHL can also be an abbreviation for National Historic Landmark or Non-Hodgkins lymphoma. ... The Stanley Cup The Stanley Cup (French: ) is the championship trophy of the National Hockey League (NHL), the major professional ice hockey league in Canada and the United States. ... Major professional sports league, or simply major league, is the term used in North America to refer to the highest professional division in any team sport. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 8, 9, 10, 15, 16, 23, 32, 37, 44, 49 Name New York Yankees (1913–present) New York Highlanders (1903-1912) Baltimore Orioles (1901-1902) (Also referred to as...


Baseball

Montreal has a storied baseball history. The city was the home of the Montreal Royals before Major League Baseball came to town in the form of the Montreal Expos in 1969. They played their games at Jarry Park until moving into Olympic Stadium in 1977. After 37 years in Montreal, the team relocated to Washington, DC in 2005 and re-branded themselves as the Washington Nationals.[33] Montreal has also been slated to have a Can-Am League team beginning in 2008 to fill the void created by the departure of the Expos. The Montreal Royals were a professional baseball team located in Montreal, Quebec, that existed from 1897-1917 and from 1928-60 as a member of the International League and its progenitor, the original Eastern League. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... The Montreal Expos (French: Les Expos de Montréal) were a Major League Baseball team located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from 1969 until 2004. ... Jarry Park Stadium (Stade Jarry) was a Montréal baseball stadium and home to the Montréal Expos; Major League Baseballs first Canadian franchise from 1969-1976. ... Le Stade Olympique (The Olympic Stadium) is a stadium in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Aerial photo (looking NW) of the Washington Monument and the White House in Washington, DC. Washington, D.C., officially the District of Columbia (also known as D.C.; Washington; the Nations Capital; the District; and, historically, the Federal City) is the capital city and administrative district of the United... Major league affiliations National League (1969–present) East Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Washington Nationals (2005–present) Montreal Expos (1969-2004) Other nicknames The Nats Ballpark Nationals Ballpark (2008–present) RFK Stadium 2005-2007 Hiram Bithorn Stadium[3] (San Juan) (2003-2004) Olympic Stadium (Montreal) (1977... The Canadian-American Association of Professional Baseball, based in Durham, North Carolina, is a professional, independent baseball league located in the Northeastern United States and the Canadian province of Quebec. ...


Football

The Montreal Alouettes of the CFL draw packed crowds at the small but picturesque Molson Stadium. University football receives increasing support, with the McGill Redmen, Concordia Stingers, and Université de Montréal's Carabins playing in Montreal. The Montreal Alouettes (French: Alouettes de Montréal) are a Canadian Football League team based in Montreal, Quebec. ... CFL redirects here. ... The Percival Molson Memorial Stadium is a stadium owned by McGill University and is the home of the Montreal Alouettes and the McGill Redmen. ... The McGill Redmen are the mens athletic teams that represent McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Concordia Stingers are the athletic teams that represent Concordia University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Université de Montréal (UdeM) (translated into English commonly as (the) University of Montreal) is one of six universities in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Carabins are the athletic teams that represent the Université de Montréal in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...


Soccer

The city's USL First Division soccer team is called the Montreal Impact. The United Soccer Leagues First Division (often referred to as simply, USL-1) is a professional mens soccer league in North America. ... Soccer redirects here. ... The Montreal Impact (French: Impact de Montréal) are a Canadian soccer team in the North American USL First Division. ...


Auto Racing

Fans fill up the area every year for the Canadian Grand Prix
Fans fill up the area every year for the Canadian Grand Prix

Montreal is the site of two high-profile racing events each year: the Canadian Grand Prix, and the Champcars Series. NASCAR also made its debut on August 4, 2007 with a stop in the Busch Series. The Formula 1 and NASCAR races take place on the famous Circuit Gilles Villeneuve on Île Notre-Dame, where the Champcar series also raced from 2002 until 2006. Starting in 2007, the Grand Prix of Mont-Tremblant took place at nearby Circuit Mont-Tremblant. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 835 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this photo at the race in 2006 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1704 pixel, file size: 835 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this photo at the race in 2006 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to... The Canadian Grand Prix (known in its native French as the Grand Prix du Canada) is a Formula One auto race held in Canada since 1967. ... The Canadian Grand Prix (known in its native French as the Grand Prix du Canada) is a Formula One auto race held in Canada since 1967. ... Nigel Mansell racing in a Champcar in 1993 Terminology Champcar, a shortened form of Championship Car, has been the name for a class of cars used in American Championship Car Racing for many decades. ... Jeff Burton (99), Elliott Sadler (38), Ricky Rudd (21), Dale Jarrett (88), Sterling Marlin (40), Jimmie Johnson (48), and Casey Mears (41) practice for the 2004 Daytona 500 The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... Most recent champion(s) Kevin Harvick The NASCAR Busch Series is a stock car racing series owned and operated by NASCAR. It is NASCARs minor league circuit (often compared to Triple-A baseball), and is a proving ground for drivers who wish to step up to the organizations... The Circuit Gilles Villeneuve is the venue for the Formula One Canadian Grand Prix, NASCAR Canadian Tire Series, and, as of 2007, a NASCAR Busch Series race. ... ÃŽle Notre-Dame is an artificial island built from earth excavated for the Montreal metro in 1965. ... The 2007 Champ Car Mont-Tremblant is the sixth round of the 2007 Champ Car World Series Season. ... Mont-Tremblant Circuit Circuit Mont-Tremblant is a 4. ...


Tennis

Stade Uniprix (Uniprix Stadium) was built in 1993 and is used for the annual Rogers Cup Tennis Masters tournament. The ATP men's tennis tour and the Sony Ericsson WTA women's tennis tour switch between Montreal and Toronto every year. (In 2007, the women's was played in Toronto, and the men's was played in Montreal)


Montreal Olympic Games

Olympic Stadium, in the city's eastern section.
Olympic Stadium, in the city's eastern section.

Montreal was the host of the 1976 Summer Olympics. The Montreal Games were the most expensive in Olympic history, costing over $5 billion (equivalent to $20 billion in 2006); bad planning led to the Games' cost far exceeding the budget, and the city just finished paying the debt off in December 2006. For a time, it seemed that the Olympic Games might no longer be a viable financial proposition. There was also a boycott by African nations to protest against a recent tour of apartheid-run South Africa by a New Zealand rugby side. The Romanian gymnast Nadia Comaneci won the women's individual all around gold medal with two of four possible perfect scores, thus giving birth to a gymnastics dynasty in Romania. Another female gymnast to earn the perfect score and three gold medals there was Nellie Kim of the USSR. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 620 KB) Olypiastadion Montreal Selbst fotografiert durch de:Benutzer:Xantener, September 2004 Lizenz: GFDL ) File links The following pages link to this file: Montreal ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 620 KB) Olypiastadion Montreal Selbst fotografiert durch de:Benutzer:Xantener, September 2004 Lizenz: GFDL ) File links The following pages link to this file: Montreal ... Le Stade Olympique (The Olympic Stadium) is a stadium in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The 1976 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXI Olympiad, were held in 1976 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... Nadia Elena Comaneci (originally Comăneci ) (born November 12, 1961) is a Romanian gymnast, winner of five Olympic gold medals, and the first to be awarded a perfect score of 10 in an Olympic gymnastic event. ... Nellie Vladimirovna Kim (Russian: ; b. ...


Montreal hosted the first ever World Outgames in the summer of 2006, attracting over 16,000 participants engaged in 35 sporting activities. They were the biggest sporting event in the city since the Summer Olympics of 1976. The World Outgames are a sporting and cultural event hosted by the gay community. ...


The Montreal games of the FIFA 2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup were held at Olympic Stadium.[34] This article is about an international football organization. ... 2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup final rankings. ... Le Stade Olympique (The Olympic Stadium) is a stadium in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...


Five beaches around the island, in addition to a network of parks that include one on the Mont Royal, offer a set of recreational activities enjoyed by the local population.


Transportation

See also: Montreal roads

Montreal is a transportation hub for eastern Canada, with well-developed air, road, rail, and maritime links to the rest of Canada, as well as the United States and Europe. The Jacques Cartier Bridge spans the St. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


Air

Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport
Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport

Montreal has two international airports, one for passenger flights only, and the other for cargo. Montreal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (formerly Dorval Airport, the name still used by locals) in the City of Dorval and in the Montreal borough of Saint-Laurent serves all commercial passenger traffic and is the headquarters for Air Canada and Air Transat. To the north of the city is Montreal-Mirabel International Airport in Mirabel, which was envisioned as Montreal's primary airport but which now serves only cargo flights. In 2006, Montreal-Trudeau was the third busiest airport in Canada. It handled 11,434,070 passengers[35] and almost 275 000 aircraft movements [36] in 2007, which ranks it 3rd only to Toronto-Pearson and Vancouver International Airport. Trudeau airport serves over 100 destinations worldwide making it one of the most connected airports in North America. Airlines servicing Trudeau offer flights to Africa, Central America, the Caribbean, Europe, the United States, Mexico and other destinations within Canada. It is the only Canadian airport that offers non-stop service to Africa and it also contains the second largest duty free shop in North America.[citation needed] Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 93 KB) Tomada de la Wiki en francés: http://fr. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 93 KB) Tomada de la Wiki en francés: http://fr. ... Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (IATA: YUL, ICAO: CYUL) (French: Aéroport international Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau de Montréal) or Montréal-Trudeau, formerly known as Montréal-Dorval International Airport, is located in the city of Dorval, on the Island of Montreal and is 20 kilometres (12... Montreal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (Aéroport international Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau de Montréal) or Montreal-Trudeau for short, is an international airport serving Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Dorval is a former city in southwestern Quebec, Canada in the western part of the Island of Montreal; pop. ... The city of Montreal is divided into 19 boroughs (in French, arrondissements), each with a mayor and council. ... Saint-Laurent, formerly the City of Saint-Laurent, is one of the largest boroughs (arrondissements) of the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Air Canada is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... Air Transat is an airline based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, operating scheduled and charter flights and serving 90 destinations in 25 countries. ... Montreal-Mirabel International Airport (Aéroport international Montréal-Mirabel) is an airport in Mirabel, Quebec, near Montreal. ... Mirabel is a city and Regional County Municipality in western Quebec northwest of Montreal. ... Toronto/Lester B. Pearson International Airport, or Pearson Airport (IATA: YYZ, ICAO: CYYZ), located in Mississauga, northwest of neighbouring Toronto, Ontario, is Canadas busiest airport and part of the National Airports System. ... Vancouver International Airport (IATA: YVR, ICAO: CYVR) is located on Sea Island in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, about 15 kilometres from downtown Vancouver. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... West Indies redirects here. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... North America North America is a continent [1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ...


Other airports in the Montreal area serve military and regional use.... The following active airports serve the area around Montreal, Quebec, Canada, lying underneath Montreals terminal control area: Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (CYUL) Montréal/St-Hubert Airport (CYHU) Montréal-Mirabel International Airport (CYMX) Montréal/Aéroparc Île Perrot Airport (CSP6) Montréal/Les C...


Rail

VIA Rail, which is headquartered in Montreal, provides several rail services to other cities in Canada, particularly to Quebec City and Toronto with several trains daily. Amtrak, the U.S. national passenger rail system also provides service to Montreal, operating its Adirondack daily between Montreal and New York City. Most trains operate out of Gare Centrale. VIA Rails trains travelling by Highway 401 near Brockville, Ontario. ... Nickname: Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use; the Don de Dieu was Champlains ship) Coordinates: , Country Province Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... The Adirondack is a 381-mile (613 km) passenger train operated daily by Amtrak between New York City and Montreal, Quebec via Albany, New York. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... Gare Centrale is the primary railway station in Montréal. ...

Montreal's McGill Metro Station.

Public local transport is served by a network of buses, subways, and commuter trains that extend across and off the island. The subway and bus system is operated by the Société de transport de Montréal. The commuter rail system is managed and operated by the Agence métropolitaine de transport, and extends across several municipalities. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1454x716, 202 KB) Montréal - McGill metro station - 2005-03-10 Denis Jacquerye File links The following pages link to this file: Montreal McGill (Montreal Metro) ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1454x716, 202 KB) Montréal - McGill metro station - 2005-03-10 Denis Jacquerye File links The following pages link to this file: Montreal McGill (Montreal Metro) ... McGill McGill is a station on the Green Line of the Montreal Metro, located in downtown Montreal in the borough of Ville-Marie. ... The Société de transport de Montréal or Montreal Transit Corporation is the agency that operates buses and the Métro in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... A Connex commuter train stands by the platform in Melbourne, Australia Regional rail systems, or commuter rail systems, usually provide a rail service through a central business district area into suburbs or other locations that draw large numbers of people on a daily basis. ... The Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) or (English: Metropolitan Transportation Agency) (AAR reporting marks AMT) is the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services across Canadas Greater Montreal Region, including the Island of Montreal, Laval (ÃŽle Jésus), and communities along both the North Shore...


Canadian Pacific Railway, which is now headquartered in Calgary, Alberta, was founded here in 1881. Its corporate headquarters occupied Windsor Station at 910 Peel St. until 1995. With the Port of Montreal kept open year round by icebreakers, lines to Eastern Canada became surplus, and now Montreal (St-Luc) is the railway's eastern and intermodal freight terminus. CPR connects at Montreal with the Port of Montreal, the Delaware & Hudson Railway to New York, the Quebec-Gatineau Railway to Quebec City and Buckingham, the Montreal, Maine & Atlantic to Halifax, and the CNR. The CPR's flagship train, The Canadian, once ran daily from Windsor Station to Vancouver, all passenger services have since been transferred to VIA Rail Canada, although CPR operates certain AMT trains under contract to the Quebec government. An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... Calgary is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ...


Canadian National Railways, was formed during the 1920's by the Government of Canada following a series of country-wide rail bankrupties, is headquartered in Montreal. Formed from the lines of the Grand Trunk, Midland and Canadian Northern Railways, CNR has risen to become CPR's chief rival in freight carriage in Canada. Like the CPR, CNR has divested itself of passenger services in favour of VIA Rail Canada. CNR operates the electric Mont Royal AMT line under contract to the Government of Quebec. CN redirects here, as its the most common usage of the abbreviation in Canada; for more uses, see CN (disambiguation). ...


Bus and Metro

The STM bus network consists of 169 daytime and 20 night-time service routes, and provides adapted transport and limited wheelchair-accessible buses. The Société de transport de Montréal or Montreal Transit Corporation is the agency that operates buses and the Métro in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...

Metropolitain entrance to Square-Victoria station by Hector Guimard.
Metropolitain entrance to Square-Victoria station by Hector Guimard.

Each station of the Montreal Metro was designed by different architects with individual themes and features original artwork, and the trains themselves run on rubber tires, making the system quieter than most. It has 68 stations spread out along four lines. It was inaugurated in 1966 and completed in time for Expo 67. The project was initiated by Montreal Mayor Jean Drapeau, who also brought the Olympics to Montreal in 1976. The metro system has long had a station on the South Shore in Longueuil, and has recently been extended to the city of Laval, north of Montreal. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 790 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2048x1536, 790 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Square-Victoria is a station on the Montreal Metro Orange Line. ... Designed in 1899, the Porte Dauphine station exhibits Guimards only surviving enclosed edicule of the Paris Métro. ... The Montreal Metro is the main form of public transportation within the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The 1967 International and Universal Exposition, or simply Expo 67 was the General Exhibition Category 1 Worlds Fair held in Montreal, Quebec, Canada from April 27 to October 29, 1967. ... Jean Drapeau, mayor of Montreal Jean Drapeau CC , GOQ (February 18, 1916 – August 12, 1999) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as mayor of Montreal from 1954 to 1957 and 1960 to 1986. ... Motto: Labor et Concordia (work and harmony) Area: 283. ... Motto: Unité, progrès, grandeur(French) Unity, Progress, Greatness City of Laval Coordinates: , Country Province Founded Established 1965 Government  - City Mayor Gilles Vaillancourt (since 1989) Area  - Total 247. ...


Road

Like many major cities, Montreal has a problem with vehicular traffic congestion, especially from off-island suburbs such as Laval on Île Jésus, and Longueuil on the southeastern shore. The width of the Saint Lawrence River has made the construction of fixed links to the southeastern shore expensive and difficult. Accordingly, there are only four road bridges (plus one road tunnel, two railway bridges, and a metro line), whereas the far narrower Rivière des Prairies is spanned by eight road bridges (six to Laval and two to the north shore). Vehicles are non-living means of transport. ... Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ... Motto: Unité, progrès, grandeur(French) Unity, Progress, Greatness City of Laval Coordinates: , Country Province Founded Established 1965 Government  - City Mayor Gilles Vaillancourt (since 1989) Area  - Total 247. ... Motto: Unité, progrès, grandeur (Unity, Progress, Greatness) Area: 247. ... Motto: Labor et Concordia (work and harmony) Area: 283. ... a broat veiew of the St LAwrence River, with a Quebec City on a background The Saint Lawrence River (In French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large south west-to-north east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... This article is about the edifice (including an index to articles on specific bridge types). ... A disused railway tunnel now converted to pedestrian and bicycle use, near Houyet, Belgium A tunnel is an underground passage. ... A rapid transit, underground, subway, tube, elevated, or metro(politan) system is a railway — usually in an urban area — with a high capacity and frequency of service, and grade separation from other traffic. ... Dusk over ÃŽle de la Visitation and the Pont Papineau-Leblanc, Rivière des Prairies The Rivière des Prairies (sometimes called the Back River in English) is a channel of the Ottawa River in southwestern Quebec, Canada. ... Laval is the name of: A city in Quebec near Montreal: see Laval, Quebec An arciphelago within the limits of the above city: see ÃŽles-Laval A city in Mayenne, France: see Laval, Mayenne A city in Isère, France: see Laval, Isère A university in Quebec City: see...

The island of Montreal is a hub for the Québec Autoroute system, and is served by Québec Autoroutes A-10 (aka the Bonaventure Expressway on the island of Montreal), A-15 (aka the Decarie Expressway south of the A-40 and the Laurentian Autoroute to the north of it), A-13 (aka Autoroute Chomedey), A-20, A-25, A-40 (part of the Trans-Canada Highway system, and known as "The Metropolitan" or simply "The Met" in its elevated mid-town section), A-520, and A-720 (aka the Ville-Marie Autoroute). Many of these Autoroutes are frequently congested at rush hour. However, in recent years, the government has acknowledged this problem and is working on long-term solutions to alleviate the congestion, such as re-routing traffic and expanding lanes. (Osirus Azer, "Montreal's Traffic Problems", 2006) Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Jacques Cartier Bridge (French: pont Jacques-Cartier) is a steel truss cantilever bridge crossing the Saint Lawrence River from Montreal Island, Montreal, Quebec to the south shore at Longueuil, Quebec,Canada. ... The Autoroute system in the province of Quebec, Canada, is a network of expressways which operate under the same principle of controlled access as the Interstate Highway System in the United States or the 400-Series Highways in neighbouring Ontario. ... A-10 was originally signed as the Autoroute des Cantons-de-lEst. ... Autoroute 15 (also called Autoroute Décarie in Montreal and Autoroute des Laurentides north of Montreal) is an Autoroute in western Quebec. ... Autoroute 13 (also known as Chomedey highway and Airports Expressway), crosses the city of Laval, QC and most of the island of Montreal from A-640 to A-20. ... Autoroute 20 (also called Autoroute Jean-Lesage) is a very long and important Autoroute in Quebec. ... Autoroute 25 (also called Autoroute Louis-H-Lafontaine in Montreal) is an Autoroute in the Lanaudière region of Quebec. ... Highway 40 (officially called Autoroute Félix-Leclerc [outside Montreal] and Metropolitan Expressway/Autoroute Métropolitaine [within Montreal]) is a major highway on the north shore of the St. ... For the Boards of Canada record, see Trans Canada Highway (EP). ... Quebec Autoroute 520 Name: Autoroute Côte de Liesse Description: This route connects the Quebec Autoroute 20 and Montréal/Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport to the Quebec Autoroute 40 (Boulevard Metropolitane), Length: 7. ... Autoroute 720 (known as Autoroute Ville Marie) is a highway/tunnel that runs through downtown Montreal. ... For other uses, see Rush hour (disambiguation). ...


Since Montreal is on an island, the directions used in the city plan do not precisely correspond with compass directions, as they are oriented to the geography of the island. North and south are defined on an axis roughly perpendicular to the St. Lawrence River and the Rivière des Prairies: North is towards the Rivière des Prairies, and south is towards the St. Lawrence. East and west directions are defined as roughly parallel to the St. Lawrence River (which flows southwest to northeast) and the Rivière des Prairies. East is downstream, and west is upstream. This article is about the navigational instrument. ... Fig. ... Parallel may refer to: Parallel (geometry) Parallel (latitude), an imaginary east-west line circling a globe Parallelism (grammar), a balance of two or more similar words, phrases, or clauses Parallel (manga), a shōnen manga by Toshihiko Kobayashi Parallel (video), a video album by R.E.M. The Parallel, an... The term downstream has several possible meanings: In geography, downstream means literally away from the source of a stream or river, along the normal direction of water flow. ... The term upstream has several possible meanings: In geography, upstream means literally towards the source of a stream or river, against the normal direction of water flow. ...


Saint Lawrence Boulevard, also known as "The Main," divides Montreal into east and west sectors. Streets that cut across Saint Laurent Boulevard undergo a name change, in that Est (East) or Ouest (West) are appended to their names. Streets that do not cross the Main do not generally contain a cardinal direction at the end of their names. Address numbering begins in either direction at one (1) at Saint Laurent Boulevard, increasing in both directions away from the boulevard. On north-south streets, house numbers begin at the Saint Lawrence River and the Lachine Canal and increase to the north. Odd numbers are on the east or north sides of the street, with even numbers on the west or south sides. Numbered streets generally run north and south, and the street numbers increase to the east. There is also a Boulevard Saint-Laurent in Gatineau, see Boulevard Saint-Laurent (Gatineau) Saint Lawrence Boulevard or boulevard Saint-Laurent (its official name, in French) is a major street in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... a broat veiew of the St LAwrence River, with a Quebec City on a background The Saint Lawrence River (In French: fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large south west-to-north east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... The Lachine Canal in 1920 The Lachine Canal (Canal de Lachine in French) is a canal passing through the southwestern part of the Island of Montreal, Quebec, Canada, through the boroughs of Lachine and Le Sud-Ouest on land originally granted by the King of France to the Sulpician Order. ...


Montreal's roads are notorious for their poor state. Avoiding potholes has become a way of life for Montreal drivers.

Further information: List of bridges in Montreal

This is a list of bridges and other fixed links serving Montreal, on the Island of Montreal, proceeding counter-clockwise around the island from the southwest, with the year they were opened. ...

Cycling

Montreal has a well developed network of bicycle paths.[37] Bike rentals are available at the Old Port of Montreal, as well as quadricycles, inline skates, children trailers, and segways. Old Port of Montreal Old Port of Montreal Stretching for over two kilometres along the St-Lawrence River, the Old Port Of Montreal has been the social, economic and cultural soul of Montreal ever since early French fur traders used it as a trading post in 1611. ... A modern touring quadricycle - a 2007 model Rhoades Car 4W2PCP Coupe two seater Rhombus layout quadricycle (1886) Coventry Rotary quadricycle (1885) A Quadricycle is a four-wheeled human-powered vehicle. ... Bont ZX2 inline speed skates Inline skates are a type of roller skate, used for inline skating. ... Two-wheel truss-frame trailer Image:BOB trailer. ... Inventor Dean Kamen demonstrates the Segway HT at the U.S. Department of Commerce on February 14, 2002. ...


Education

Main article: Education in Montreal
Université de Montréal, Roger-Gaudry pavilion
Université de Montréal, Roger-Gaudry pavilion
McGill University, Arts Building
McGill Student Housing on University street.
McGill Student Housing on University street.

With access to six universities and twelve junior colleges in an 8 kilometre (5 mi) radius, Montreal has the highest concentration of post-secondary students of all major cities in North America (4.8 students per 100 residents, followed by Boston at 4.7 students per 100 residents).[citation needed] With access to six universities and twelve junior colleges in an 8 kilometer (5 mi) radius, Montreal, Québec (Canada) has the second highest concentration of post-secondary students of all major cities in North America. ... Roger-Gauvin pavilion of the University of Montreal. ... Roger-Gauvin pavilion of the University of Montreal. ... The Université de Montréal (UdeM) (translated into English commonly as (the) University of Montreal) is one of six universities in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Arts Building of McGill University in Montreal. ... The Arts Building of McGill University in Montreal. ... McGill University. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2592 × 1944 pixel, file size: 2. ... McGill University. ...


There are currently 248,000 students enrolled in post-secondary education in Montreal, one of the highest numbers in the world. There are roughly 240,000 pre-CEGEP/University level students in Montreal which means ~500,000 Montrealers currently attend school.


English-language elementary and secondary public schools in the Greater Metropolitan Montréal Area are operated by the English Montreal School Board[38] and the Lester B. Pearson School Board.[39] French-language elementary and secondary public schools in Montreal are operated by the Commission scolaire de Montréal (CSDM),[40] Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys (CSMB)[41] and the Commission scolaire Pointe-de-l'Île (CSPI).[42] The EMSB Logo English Montreal School Board (EMSB or in French, CSEM, Commission scolaire English-Montréal) is the largest English-language school board in the province of Quebec. ... The Lester B. Pearson School Board (LBPSB) is an English-language school board in the province of Quebec, the largest[4] of the nine English school boards in the province. ... CSMB(comission scolaire marguerite bourgeois)is a group of school in Montreal. ... Commission Scolaire de la Pointe-de-lÃŽle is a french language school board based primarily in the east of Momtreal, notably Pointe-aux-trembles, Rivière-des-prairies and Montréal-Nord areas. ...


The education system in the province of Quebec is slightly different from other systems in North America. Between the High School and University levels, there is an additional college level called "CEGEP". It is at the same time a preparatory school (preparing students for admission at the University) and a technical school (offering courses which lead to technical diplomas and specializations). In Montréal, 17 CEGEPs offer courses in French and 5 in English. A CEGEP (IPA: or ; French: Cégep) is a post-secondary education institution exclusive to the province of Quebec in Canada. ...

See also: List of CEGEPs

Francophone universities This is a list of CEGEPs CEGEP dAlma, Alma CEGEP de Baie-Comeau, Baie-Comeau Champlain Regional College Saint Lambert Campus, Saint-Lambert, Longueuil Saint Lawrence Campus, Sainte-Foy, Quebec City Lennoxville Campus, 3e arrondissement, Sherbrooke CEGEP de Drummondville, Drummondville CEGEP de la Gaspésie et des Îles, Gasp...

English-language universities The Université de Montréal (UdeM) (translated into English commonly as (the) University of Montreal) is one of six universities in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... LÉcole Polytechnique de Montréal is an engineering school in Montreal, Quebec. ... École des Hautes Études Commerciales Montreals École des Hautes Études Commerciales, Canadas first management school, was founded in 1907 by the Chambre de commerce de Montréal. ... The Université du Québec is a system of ten provincially-run public universities in Quebec, Canada. ... The Université du Québec à Montréal (UQAM) is one of four universities in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Created in 1974, École de technologie supérieure (Higher School of Technology) is an engineering university member of Université du Québec network. ... The École nationale dadministration publique (ENAP), or the National School of Public Administration, located in Quebec City, Quebec, was established in 1969 by the Quebec government, as a way of obtaining a professional public administration during a period when a number of social and structural changes were taking place... The Institut national de la recherche scientifique (French, National Institute of Scientific Research) is the research-oriented branch of the Université du Québec. ... The Université de Sherbrooke is a large university with three distinct campuses, two of which are located in Sherbrooke, Quebec, Canada, and another, which is located in Longueuil, approximately 170 km west of Sherbrooke. ... Sherbrooke is the name of: a city in Quebec: see Sherbrooke, Quebec a town in Nova Scotia: see Sherbrooke, Nova Scotia a 19th century governor of British North America: see John Coape Sherbrooke This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... Longueuil is a city in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River across from Montreal, of which it is a suburb. ... Université Laval (Laval University) is the oldest centre of education in Canada, and was the first institution in North America to offer higher education in French. ... During the 1960s, a terrorist group known as the Front de libération du Québec (FLQ) launched a decade of bombings, robberies and attacks on government offices. ... Longueuil is a city in extreme southwestern Quebec, Canada, on the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River across from Montreal, of which it is a suburb. ...

McGill University. ... The Desautels Faculty of Management is one of the constituent faculties of McGill University. ... The Schulich School of Music is one of the constituent colleges of the McGill University in Montréal, Canada. ... This article is about Concordia University in Montreal, Quebec. ... The John Molson School of Business, formerly the Faculty of Commerce and Administration at Concordia University, boasts 5,500 undergraduate students, 300 graduate students and 35,000 alumni. ...

Places in Montreal

Main article: Places in Montreal
Evening skyline
Evening skyline
Place d'Armes and Notre Dame Basilica in winter
Place d'Armes and Notre Dame Basilica in winter

Panorama of downtown Montreal, night. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (911x529, 611 KB) A Montreal skyline at night taken in Montreal on the 8/6/2004 by myself. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (911x529, 611 KB) A Montreal skyline at night taken in Montreal on the 8/6/2004 by myself. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Downtown Montreal

Downtown Montreal lies at the foot of Mount Royal, much of which is a major urban park, and extends toward the St Lawrence River. The Downtown area contains dozens of notable skyscrapers — which, bylaws restrict to the height of Mount Royal — including the aforementioned 1000 de La Gauchetière and 1250 René-Lévesque. The Tour de la Bourse (Stock Exchange Tower) is also another significant building in Montreal, and is home to the Montreal Exchange, which trades in derivatives such as futures contracts and options. The Montreal Exchange was the first stock exchange in Canada. In 1999 all stock trades were transferred to Toronto in exchange for exclusivity in derivatives trading. For other uses, see Mount Royal (disambiguation). ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... The Saint Lawrence River (French fleuve Saint-Laurent) is a large west-to-east flowing river in the middle latitudes of North America, connecting the Great Lakes with the Atlantic Ocean. ... For other uses, see Skyscraper (disambiguation). ... Le 1000 de La Gauchetière 1000 de la Gauchetière is Montreals tallest skyscraper, simply named for its address at 1000, La Gauchetiere Street, West, in the citys downtown. ... The 1250 René-Lévesque seen from the east. ... Montreal Exchange - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Place Ville-Marie, an I. M. Pei-designed cruciform office tower built in 1962, sits atop an underground shopping mall that forms the nexus of Montreal's underground city, the world's largest, with indoor access to over 1,600 shops, restaurants, offices, businesses, museums and universities, as well as metro stations, train stations, bus terminals, and tunnels extending all over downtown. The central axis for downtown is Saint Catherine Street, Canada's busiest commercial artery. Other major streets include Sherbrooke, René-Lévesque, Peel, de la Montagne, de Maisonneuve and Crescent. The Montreal Skyline panorama includes two islands, Île Ste. Hélène and Ile Notre-Dame. The Notre Dame island hosts the Canadian Grand Prix and Formula One car races, as well as the Champ Car tournament. La Ronde is the biggest amusement park in Montreal and is located on Île Ste. Hélène. The Montreal Fireworks Festival is held there every summer.park Place Ville-Marie Place Ville-Marie or 1, Place Ville-Marie is a cruciform office tower built in the International style in 1962 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Ieoh Ming Pei (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; b. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... Montreals Underground City (French: ) is the set of interconnected complexes (both above and below ground) in and around downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... This is a list of the metro stations on the four lines of the Montreal Metro, in Quebec, Canada. ... The Bay on Saint Catherine Street next to the Christ Church Cathedral Place des Arts Saint Catherine Street (officially rue Sainte-Catherine) is the primary commercial artery of downtown Montreal. ... Six Flags La Ronde is the largest amusement park in Quebec. ... L’International des Feux Loto-Québec, also known as the Montreal Fireworks Festival, is the most important international fireworks competition. ...



The Ville-Marie borough is arguably the heart and soul of the city. Its vitality is extraordinary and it is constantly bubbling over with arts, culture, recreational and business activities. Ville Marie sector is composed of downtown financial hub, vieux port, square cartier residential district, quartier international, le village and quartier Latin.


The basic Skyline view may be seen from one of two lookouts on Mount Royal. The lookout at the Belevedere takes in downtown, the river, and the Montérégien Hills, and on clear days the Adirondack Mountains of Upstate New York or the Green Mountains of Vermont are visible. The view of eastern lookout on Remembrance Rd. sweeps out toward the Olympic Stadium, and beyond. Many tourists visit these lookouts. Stream on the hike to the top of Ampersand Mountain The Adirondack mountain range is located in the northeastern part of New York that runs through Clinton, Essex, Franklin, Fulton, Hamilton, Herkimer, Lewis, St. ... The areas highlighted in YELLOW and GREEN are those which are considered to be a bona fide part of Upstate New York from the perspective of New York City. ... The Green Mountains may refer to: The Green Mountains in Vermont in the United States extending into southern Quebec in Canada. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Le Stade Olympique (The Olympic Stadium) is a stadium in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...


Underground City

Halles de la gare, going from Gare centrale to Place Ville-Marie
Halles de la gare, going from Gare centrale to Place Ville-Marie

Extending all over downtown is Montreal's Underground City (French: La ville souterraine), a set of pedestrian levels built to cross under streets, thereby connecting buildings to each other. It is also known as the indoor city (ville intérieure), as not all of it is underground. The connections are considered tunnels architecturally and technically, but have conditioned air and good lighting as any building's liveable space does. Many tunnels are large enough to have shops on both sides of the passage. With over 32 kilometres (20 mi) of tunnels spread over more than twelve square kilometres (5 sq mi), connected areas include shopping malls, hotels, banks, offices, museums, universities, seven metro stations, two commuter train stations, a regional bus terminal and the Bell Centre amphitheatre and arena. There are more than 120 exterior access points to the underground city. Each access point is an entry point to one of 60 residential or commercial complexes comprising 3.6 square kilometres (1.4 sq mi) of floor space, including 80% of all office space and 35% of all commercial space in downtown Montreal. In winter, some 500,000 people use the underground city every day. Because of its Underground City, Montreal is often referred to as "Two Cities in One." Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2248x1673, 1476 KB) Summary Halles de la gare, Central train station, Montreal Photo by uploader Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Underground city, Montreal Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2248x1673, 1476 KB) Summary Halles de la gare, Central train station, Montreal Photo by uploader Licensing File links The following pages link to this file: Underground city, Montreal Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or... Gare Centrale is the primary railway station in Montréal. ... Place Ville-Marie Place Ville-Marie or 1, Place Ville-Marie is a cruciform office tower built in the International style in 1962 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Montreals Underground City (French: ) is the set of interconnected complexes (both above and below ground) in and around downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Montreals Underground City (French: ) is the set of interconnected complexes (both above and below ground) in and around downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see mall. ... A hotel is an establishment that provides lodging, usually on a short-term basis. ... For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ... A museum is a non-profit making, permanent institution in the service of society and of its development, open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits, for purposes of study, education and enjoyment, the tangible and intangible evidence of people and their environment. ... A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees. ... The Montreal Metro is the main form of public transportation within the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Terminal Station was also the name of a railway station in Chattanooga, Tennessee; see Chattanooga Choo Choo. ... Centre Bell, Montreal Centre Bell, Montreal The Bell Centre (French: Centre Bell), formerly known as the Molson Centre, has been the home of the Montreal Canadiens since March 16, 1996, when the team departed from the historic Montreal Forum after their last game on March 11 of the same year. ...


Mount Royal

A panorama taken from the Chalet du Mont Royal at the top of Mount Royal.
A panorama taken from the Chalet du Mont Royal at the top of Mount Royal.

The mountain is the site of Mount Royal Park (officially Parc du Mont-Royal), one of Montreal's largest greenspaces. The park, most of which is wooded, was designed by Frederick Law Olmsted, who also designed New York's Central Park, and inaugurated in 1876. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (9118x2774, 8122 KB) Summary A panorama of taken from the Chalet du Mont Royal at the top of Mount Royal in Montreal on the 4th of January, 2006 by myself. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (9118x2774, 8122 KB) Summary A panorama of taken from the Chalet du Mont Royal at the top of Mount Royal in Montreal on the 4th of January, 2006 by myself. ... For other uses, see Mount Royal (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Mount Royal (disambiguation). ... Greenspace is a term used to describe the areas in a city or dense suburb where plants are growing. ... {{Infobox Person | name = | image = FLOlmstead. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ... Central Park is a large public, urban park (843 acres, 3. ... An inauguration is a ceremony of formal investiture whereby an individual assumes an office or position of authority. ...

Another panoramic photograph from the top of Mount Royal, in the daytime.
Another panoramic photograph from the top of Mount Royal, in the daytime.

The park contains two belvederes, the more prominent of which is the Kondiaronk Belvedere, a semicircular plaza with a chalet, overlooking downtown Montreal. Other features of the park are Beaver Lake, a small man-made lake; a short ski slope; a sculpture garden; Smith House, an interpretive centre; and a well-known monument to Sir George-Étienne Cartier. The park hosts athletic, tourist, and cultural activities. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 175 pixelsFull resolution (9124 × 2000 pixel, file size: 6. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 175 pixelsFull resolution (9124 × 2000 pixel, file size: 6. ... For other uses, see Mount Royal (disambiguation). ... Belvedere (occasionally Belvidere) is an architectural term adopted from the Italian (literally fair view), which refers to any architectural structure sited to take advantage of such a view. ... This article is about a type of building. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Central business district. ... For other uses, see Lake (disambiguation). ... Cross-country skiing (skating style) in Einsiedeln, Switzerland. ... Warmwell artificial ski slope in Dorset, U.K. (Snowflex) Artificial ski slopes or dry ski slopes are ski slopes that mimic the attributes of snow using materials that are stable at room temperature, to enable people to ski on them. ... The Esplanade Ernest-Cormier, a sculpture garden in Montreal, with Melvin Charneys work Colonnes allégoriques. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hon. ...


The mountain is also home to two major cemeteries, Notre-Dame-des-Neiges (founded in 1854) and Mount Royal (1852). Mount Royal Cemetery is a 165 acre (668,000 m²) terraced cemetery on the north slope of Mount Royal in the borough of Outremont. Cimetière Notre-Dame-des-Neiges is much larger, predominantly French-Canadian and officially Catholic[43]. More than 900,000 people are buried there. Opened in 1852, Mount Royal Cemetery is a 165-acre (668 000 m²) terraced cemetery on the north slope of Mount Royal in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Castle Ashby Graveyard Northamptonshire A cemetery is a place in which dead bodies and cremated remains are buried. ... For other uses, see Mount Royal (disambiguation). ...


Mount Royal Cemetery contains more than 162,000 graves and is the final resting place for a number of notable Canadians. It includes a veterans section with several soldiers who were awarded the British Empire's highest military honour, the Victoria Cross. In 1901 the Mount Royal Cemetery Company established the first crematorium in Canada.


The name of the city of Montreal derives from mont Réal, an orthographic variant introduced either in French, or by an Italian map maker ("Mount Royal" is monte Reale in Italian). The name had been unofficially applied to the city, formerly Ville-Marie, by the 18th century. The orthography of a language specifies the correct way of using a specific writing system to write the language. ...

Cross on top of Mount Royal, at night

The first cross on the mountain was placed there in 1643 by Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve, the founder of the city, in fulfilment of a vow he made to the Virgin Mary when praying to her to stop a disastrous flood. Today, the mountain is crowned by a 31.4 m (103 ft) high illuminated cross, installed in 1924 by the Société Saint-Jean-Baptiste and now owned by the city. It was converted to fibre-optic light in 1992. The new system can turn the lights red, blue, or purple, the last of which is used as a sign of mourning between the death of the Pope and the election of the next. (This operation was previously accomplished by changing all the light bulbs.) Cross on top of Mount Royal, at night. ... Cross on top of Mount Royal, at night. ... For other uses, see Mount Royal (disambiguation). ... A reliquary in the form of an ornate Christian Cross Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope... Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve Paul Chomedey, sieur de Maisonneuve (1612 & ndash; 1676) was a French military officer and the founder of Montreal. ... Gabriel delivering the Annunciation to Mary. ... Look up pray in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Flooding in Amphoe Sena, Ayutthaya Province, Thailand. ... The logo of the Saint-Jean-Baptiste Society. ... Optical fibers An optical fiber (or fibre) is a glass or plastic fiber designed to guide light along its length. ...


Old Montreal

A street in Old Montreal.

Just southeast of downtown is Old Montreal (French: Vieux-Montréal), a historic area with such attractions as the Old Port, Place Jacques-Cartier, City Hall, the Marché Bonsecours, Place d'Armes, Pointe-à-Callière Museum, the Notre-Dame de Montréal Basilica, and the Montreal Science Centre. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Old Montreal (or Vieux-Montréal in French) is the oldest area in the Canadian city of Montreal, dating back to colonial times. ... Place Jacques-Cartier is, perhaps, the central street of Montreals Vieux Port (Old Port). ... Pointe-à-Callière Museum, an archaeological museum in Old Montreal ... Basilique Notre-Dame de Montréal (English: Notre-Dame Basilica) is a basilica in the historic district of Montreal, in Quebec, Canada. ...


Montreal is known for contrast between old and new architecture. Architecture and cobbled streets in Old Montreal have been maintained or restored to keep the look of the city in its earliest days as a settlement, and horse-drawn calèches help maintain that image. Old Montreal is accessible from the downtown core via the underground city and is served by several STM bus routes and metro stations, ferries to the South Shore and a network of bicycle paths. A barouche, developed from the calash or calèche of the eighteenth-century[1], was a fashionable type of horse-drawn carriage in the 19th century. ... Montreals Underground City (French: ) is the set of interconnected complexes (both above and below ground) in and around downtown Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Société de transport de Montréal or Montreal Transit Corporation is the agency that operates buses and the Métro in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ...


Old Montreal was once a worldwide port, but shipping has been moved further east to a new, bigger location site, leaving the Old Port as a historical area. It is now the biggest container port in North America. The riverside area of Old Port (French: Vieux-Port), adjacent to Old Montreal, is now a recreational and historical area maintained by Parks Canada. Old Port of Montreal Old Port of Montreal Stretching for over two kilometres along the St-Lawrence River, the Old Port Of Montreal has been the social, economic and cultural soul of Montreal ever since early French fur traders used it as a trading post in 1611. ... Parks Canada is a Canadian government agency whose purpose is to protect and present nationally significant examples of Canadas natural and cultural heritage and foster public understanding, appreciation and enjoyment in ways that ensure their ecological and commemorative integrity for present and future generations. ...


Religious sanctuaries

Saint Joseph's Oratory is the largest church in Canada.
Saint Joseph's Oratory is the largest church in Canada.

Nicknamed "la ville aux cent clochers" (the city of a hundred belltowers), Montreal is renowned for its churches. As described by Mark Twain, "This is the first time I was ever in a city where you couldn't throw a brick without breaking a church window." The city has four Roman Catholic basilicas: Mary, Queen of the World Cathedral, the aforementioned Notre-Dame Basilica, St. Patrick's Basilica, and Saint Joseph's Oratory. The Oratory is the largest church in Canada, with the largest dome of its kind in the world after that of Saint Peter's Basilica in Rome. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 633 KB)St. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 633 KB)St. ... Saint Josephs Oratory of Mount Royal, (French: Oratoire Saint-Joseph du Mont-Royal), is a Roman Catholic basilica on the northern slope of Mount Royal in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Samuel Langhorne Clemens (November 30, 1835 – April 21, 1910),[1] better known by the pen name Mark Twain, was an American humanist,[2] humorist, satirist, lecturer and writer. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... St. ... The Cathedral-Basilica of Mary, Queen of the World (French: Cathédrale Marie-Reine-du-Monde) in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, is the seat of the Roman Catholic archdiocese of Montreal. ... Basilique Notre-Dame de Montréal (English: Notre-Dame Basilica) is a basilica in the historic district of Montreal, in Quebec, Canada. ... Saint Patricks Basilica is a Roman Catholic minor basilica in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Saint Josephs Oratory of Mount Royal, (French: Oratoire Saint-Joseph du Mont-Royal), is a Roman Catholic basilica on the northern slope of Mount Royal in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... Interior view, with the nave of the Cattedra in the back St. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ...


Other well-known churches include the pilgrimage church of Notre-Dame-du-Bon-Secours, which is sometimes called the Sailors' Church, and the Anglican Christ Church Cathedral, which was completely excavated and suspended above an excavated pit during the construction of part of the Underground City. All of the above are major tourist destinations, particularly Notre-Dame and the Oratory. The term Anglican describes those people and churches following the religious traditions of the Church of England, especially following the Reformation. ... Christ Church Cathedral, with the Place de la Cathédrale office tower behind it Christ Church Cathedral is an Anglican cathedral in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, the seat of the Anglican Diocese of Montreal. ...


An impressive number of other churches, synagogues and mosques can be found, and church steeples are a familiar view all over the city and island.


Neighbouring municipalities

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For the former electoral district, please see Montreal East (electoral district). ... Motto: Unité, progrès, grandeur(French) Unity, Progress, Greatness City of Laval Coordinates: , Country Province Founded Established 1965 Government  - City Mayor Gilles Vaillancourt (since 1989) Area  - Total 247. ... Repentigny Ville (City) in Québec, located north of Montréal, on the St. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Vaudreuil-Dorion is a city in southwestern Quebec in the County of Vaudreuil-Soulanges. ... LÃŽle-Perrot is a town on ÃŽle Perrot in southwestern Quebec, Canada in the Regional County Municipality of Vaudreuil-Soulanges. ... Image File history File links North. ... Motto: Labor et Concordia (work and harmony) Area: 283. ... City motto: Maximus in Minimis (Latin: To seek greatness even in the smallest details ) Province Quebec Mayor Sean Finn Area  - % water 8. ... Image File history File links West. ... Image File history File links East. ... Image File history File links South. ... The Kahnawake Mohawk Territory (formerly called Caughnawaga) is an Indian reserve on the south shore of the St. ... Motto: Si Je Puis Oultre (Old French for If I Can Do More) Coordinates: Country  Canada Province Québec Administrative region Montérégie (16) RCM Independent City (previously the now defunct Champlain) Electoral district Federal: Brossard—La Prairie      MP: Marcel Lussier Provincial: La Pinière      MNA: Fatima Houda-P... Sainte-Catherine is a town in southwestern Quebec, Canada on the St. ... Saint-Constant is a town in southwestern Quebec, Canada, south of Montreal. ...

Gallery

Partner cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Algeria. ... This article is about the capital of Algeria. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jordan. ... For other meanings, see Amman (disambiguation) and Ammann. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Netherlands. ... For other uses, see Amsterdam (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece. ... This article is about the capital of Greece. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Hebrew   (Standard) Bəʼer ŠévaÊ» Arabic بِئْرْ اَلْسَبْعْ ( ) Name Meaning Well of the Oath(see also) Government City Also Spelled Beer Sheva (officially) District South Population 185,500 (Metro 531,000) (2005) Jurisdiction 54,000 dunams (54 km²) Mayor Yaacov Turner Beersheba (Hebrew romanization Beer Sheva), the largest city in the... Image File history File links Flag_of_Lebanon. ... This article is about the Lebanese city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... For other places with the same name, see Brussels (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Romania. ... Nickname: Motto: Patria si Dreptul Meu (My Country and My Right) Location of Bucharest within Romania (in red) Coordinates: , Country County Founded 1459 (first official record) Government  - Mayor Adriean Videanu Area  - City 228 km² (88 sq mi)  - Metro 238 km² (91. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Busan Metropolitan City, also known as Pusan[1] is the largest port city in the Republic of Korea. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... For other uses, see Casablanca (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ireland. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... , Hanover(i) (German: , IPA: ), on the river Leine, is the capital of the federal state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), Germany. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital city of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cuba. ... This article is about the capital of Cuba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... For other uses, see Hiroshima (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Honolulu as seen from the International Space Station Honolulu is the largest city and the capital of the U.S. state of Hawai‘i. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... For other uses, see Lima (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... For other uses, see Lisbon (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the French city. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Type Anti-tank Nationality Joint France/Germany Era Cold War, modern Launch platform Individual, Vehicle Target Vehicle, Fortification History Builder MBDA, Bharat Dynamics (under license) Date of design 70s Production period since 1972 Service duration since 1972 Operators 41 countries Variants MILAN 1, MILAN 2, MILAN 2T, MILAN 3, MILAN... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... New Orleans is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... For other uses, see Rome (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... For other uses, see Shanghai (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Albania. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country Albania Founded 1614 Elevation 295 ft (90 m) Population (2005 est)[1]  - City 585,756  - Metro 700,000 Tirana (Albanian: Tiranë or Tirana) is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Albania. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Armenia. ... Location of Yerevan in Armenia Coordinates: , Country Established 782 BC Government  - Mayor Yervand Zakharyan Area  - City 227 km²  (87. ...

See also

Find more information on Montreal by searching Wikipedia's sister projects
Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
Textbooks from Wikibooks
Quotations from Wikiquote
Source texts from Wikisource
Images and media from Commons
News stories from Wikinews
Learning resources from Wikiversity
Montreal Portal

Montreal. ... Image File history File links Sound-icon. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Sound-icon. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ... Image File history File links Portal. ... The human history of Montréal spans some 8,000 years and started with the Algonquin, Huron, and Iroquois tribes of North America. ... This is a list of notable people from Montreal. ... Communities of the Province of Quebec, Canada See also: list of cantons in Quebec list of municipalities in Quebec list of parishes in Quebec list of villages in Quebec list of indian reserves in Quebec list of unorganized areas in Quebec Abercorn, Quebec Acton, Quebec Acton Vale, Quebec Aguanish, Quebec... Quebec, Canada, is officially divided into 17 administrative regions. ... The city of Montreal is divided into 19 boroughs (in French, arrondissements), each with a mayor and council. ... Montreal has a large and well developed communications system, including several English and French language television stations, newspapers, radio stations, and magazines. ... The Montreal Music Scene has recently garnered much attention in popular media (The New York Times, Rolling Stone, Spin Magazine, BBC, NPR...). The growing success of the current scene owes much to a couple of bold local record labels (Alien8 Recordings & Constellation Records), as well as the Pop Montreal Music... This is a list of the metro stations on the four lines of the Montreal Metro, in Quebec, Canada. ... This is a list of bridges and other fixed links serving Montreal, on the Island of Montreal, proceeding counter-clockwise around the island from the southwest, with the year they were opened. ... This is a list of mayors of the City of Montreal in the Province of Quebec, Canada. ... The following is a list of malls in the region of Montreal. ... This is a list of the tallest skyscrapers in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada as of April 2005: (Source: Emporis) Although not a skyscraper, the Tour de Montréal on the Olympic Stadium reaches 175m/575ft, placing it between #5 and #6. ... The table below lists the 100 largest metropolitan areas in Canada by population, using data from the Canada 2001 Census[1] and the Canada 2006 Census. ... Panorama of downtown Montreal, night. ... // Montreal is famous for its hockey-hungry fans. ... As a North American metropole, Montreal shares many of the cultural features characteristic of the other metropoles on the continent, including representations in all traditional manifestation of high culture, a long-lasting tradition of jazz and rock music, and tentative experimentation in visual arts, theater, music, and dance. ... The Toronto-Montreal rivalry is a rivalry that exists between the Canadian cities of Toronto and Montreal. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data. Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population (2007-03-13). Retrieved on 2007-03-13.
  2. ^ a b Population and dwelling counts, for urban areas, 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data. Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population (2007-03-13). Retrieved on 2007-03-13.
  3. ^ a b c Population and dwelling counts, for census metropolitan areas and census agglomerations, 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data. Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population (2007-03-13). Retrieved on 2007-03-13.
  4. ^ It is most common to omit the acute accent in English-language usage (Montreal), unless one is using a proper name where the context requires the use of the accent (e.g. Le Journal de Montréal, as compared to Montreal Gazette), and to keep the accent in French-language usage (Montréal). This is also the approach favoured by The Canadian Press Style Book (ISBN 0-920009-32-8, at p. 234) and the Globe and Mail Style Book (ISBN 0-7710-5685-0, at p. 249). According to The Canadian Style (ISBN 1-55002-276-8, at pp. 263–4), the official style guide of the Canadian government, the name of the city is to be written with an accent in all government materials.
  5. ^ real. Merriam-Webster's Dictionary of Law (2007-10-10).
  6. ^ Malone, Robert (2007-04-16). Which Are The World's Cleanest Cities?. Forbes.com.
  7. ^ Place Royale and the Amerindian presence. Société de développement de Montréal (September 2001). Retrieved on 2007-03-09.
  8. ^ a b Tremblay, Roland (2006). The Saint Lawrence Iroquoians. Corn People.. Montréal, Qc: Les Éditions de l'Homme. 
  9. ^ Jacques Cartier: New Land for the French King. Pathfinders & Passageways. Retrieved on 2007-02-26.
  10. ^ Marsan, Jean-Claude (1990). Montreal in evolution. An historical analysis of the development of Montreal's architecture.. Montréal, Qc: Les Éditions de l'Homme. 
  11. ^ Auger, Roland J. (1955). La Grande Recrue de 1653. 
  12. ^ Auger, Roland J. (1955). La Grande Recrue de 1653. 
  13. ^ The Exhaustion Of The Iroquois. The Compagnies Franches de la Marine of Canada. Government of Canada (2004-06-20). Retrieved on 2007-08-02.
  14. ^ The Shock Of The Attack On Lachine. The Compagnies Franches de la Marine of Canada. Department of National Defence, Canada (2004-06-20). Retrieved on 2007-01-23.
  15. ^ The Invasion of Canada and the Fall of Boston. americanrevolution.com. Retrieved on 2007-08-02.
  16. ^ Lonely Planet Montreal Guide - Modern History. Lonely Planet. Retrieved on 2007-08-02.
  17. ^ Cities appointed to the Creative Cities Network. UNESCO. Retrieved on 2007-11-22.
  18. ^ http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/c/c2/ClimateMapWorld.png climate map
  19. ^ a b Canadian Climate Normals 1971-2000 (English). Retrieved on 2006-12-18.
  20. ^ Average Weather for Montreal, QC - Temperature and Precipitation. Weather.com.
  21. ^ Population and Dwelling Counts, for Canada, Provinces and Territories, and Census Divisions, 2001 and 1996 Censuses - 100% Data. Statistics Canada, 2001 Census of Population. Retrieved on 2007-03-13.
  22. ^ a b Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census divisions, 2006 and 2001 censuses - 100% data. Statistics Canada, 2006 Census of Population (2007-03-13). Retrieved on 2007-03-13.
  23. ^ Ethno-Cultural Portrait of Canada, Table 1. Statistics Canada. Retrieved on 2007-08-02.
  24. ^ (French) Institut de la statistique du Québec. Tableau 2 - Langue maternelle et langues parlées à la maison, connaissance des langues officielles, 1996, 1991 et 1986 - Régions métropolitaines de recensement (PDF). Retrieved on 2007-03-16.
  25. ^ Language Spoken Most Often at Home (8), Language Spoken at Home on a Regular Basis (9), Sex (3) and Age Groups (15) for Population, for Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas 1 and Census Agglomerations, 2001 Census - 20% Sample Data. Statistics Canada, 2001 Census of Population. Retrieved on 2007-03-16.
  26. ^ Population by knowledge of official language, by census metropolitan areas (1996 Census). Statistics Canada (2005-01-27). Retrieved on 2007-08-02.
  27. ^ Arab Community in Canada. Statistics Canada (2001).
  28. ^ CBC Article - Church attendance declining in Canada
  29. ^ a b Community Highlights for Montréal. Statistics Canada. Retrieved on 2007-08-02.
  30. ^ Community Highlights for Hampstead. Statistics Canada. Retrieved on 2007-08-02.
  31. ^ . "AEROSPACE: Metro Montreal 2003, Strategic Profile" (PDF). thomas finney. Retrieved on 2007-01-03.
  32. ^ Montreal, Canada appointed a UNESCO City of Design. UNESCO (2006-06-07).
  33. ^ "Ballpark financing issue may kill deal", ESPN (AP, 2004-12-15. 
  34. ^ Olympic Stadium – Montreal’s FIFA U-20 World Cup Venue. Canada Soccer (2006-07-17).
  35. ^ Press release - Aéroports de Montréal March 7
  36. ^ [La Presse Affaires(Business) March 3, 2007]
  37. ^ Le réseau cyclable montréalais (French). Vélo Québec. Retrieved on 2007-08-02.
  38. ^ English Montreal School Board
  39. ^ Lester B. Pearson School Board
  40. ^ Commission scolaire de Montréal
  41. ^ Commission scolaire Marguerite-Bourgeoys
  42. ^ Commission scolaire Pointe-de-l'Île
  43. ^ http://www.cimetierenddn.org/en/le_cimetiere/mission.asp
  • Statistics Canada (2004). 2001 Census of Canada. Retrieved Aug. 29, 2005.
  • Natural Resources Canada (2005). Canadian Geographical Names: Island of Montreal. Retrieved Aug. 29, 2005.
  • Michael Sletcher, 'Montréal', in James Ciment, ed., Colonial America: An Encyclopedia of Social, Political, Cultural, and Economic History, (5 vols., N.Y., 2005).

Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The acute accent (   ) is a diacritic mark used in many modern written languages with alphabets based on the Latin and Greek scripts. ... Le Journal de Montréal is a tabloid daily newspaper in Montreal, Quebec, and is the largest-circulation French-language newspaper in North America. ... Offices of The Gazette on Saint Catherine Street in Montreal The Gazette, often called the Montreal Gazette to avoid ambiguity, is the only English-language daily newspaper published in Montreal, Quebec. ... The Government of Canada is the federal government of Canada. ... 1888 advertisement for Websters Dictionary Websters Dictionary is the common title given to English language dictionaries in the United States, derived from American lexicographer Noah Webster. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 106th day of the year (107th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Forbes magazine is an American business and financial magazine founded in 1917 by B.C. Forbes. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Lonely Planet logo Lonely Planet Publications (usually known as Lonely Planet or LP for short) claims to be the largest independently owned travel guidebook publisher in the world. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 326th day of the year (327th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Statistics Canada (French: Statistique Canada) is the Canadian federal government department commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... ESPN, formerly an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network, is an American cable television network dedicated to broadcasting and producing sports-related programming 24 hours a day. ... The Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Preceded by
Antwerp
World Book Capital
2005
Succeeded by
Turin

Coordinates: 45°30′32″N 73°33′15″W / 45.50889, -73.55417 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



  Results from FactBites:
 
Metroblogging Montreal (2503 words)
Montreal is such an open-minded city and its festivals so inviting.
Anyhow, thankfully Montreal has éco-Centre where you can dump electronics, and gobs of other stuff you don't want and Renaissance where you can rid of clothes and sporting goods you no longer want..
Probably not, as the borough has listed the reduction of street noise as one of the main priorities of its 2007 Budget participatif, which began public consultations in June and is scheduled for final approval in the fall.
Montreal Drug rehab centers referrals for Drugs and Alcohol rehabilitation Treatment Addiction (4242 words)
Montreal is situated in the southwest of the province, approximately 200 km southwest of the provincial capital Quebec city.
Rock, who was in Montreal to announce increased funding for medical research, wouldn't comment on the arrests but said he has been trying to expand the use of Marijuana for medicinal purposes.
Montreal police said in a statement they are aware of the therapeutic uses of Marijuana.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m