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Encyclopedia > Montpellier
Commune of Montpellier

Place de la Comédie in Montpellier
Location
Coordinates 43°36′43″N, 3°52′38″E
Administration
Country Flag of France France
Region Languedoc-Roussillon
(chief town)
Department Hérault (préfecture)
Arrondissement Montpellier
Canton Chief town of 10 cantons
Intercommunality Communauté d'agglomération Montpellier Agglomération
Mayor Hélène Mandroux-Colas
(2004-2008)
Statistics
Altitude 7 m–57 m
(avg. 27 m)
Land area¹ 56.88 km²
Population²
(1999)
244,300
 - Density (1999) 3,963/km²
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 34172/ 34000, 34070, 34080, 34090
¹ French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
² Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France

Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. It is the capital of the Languedoc-Roussillon région, as well as the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Hérault département. The population of the city (commune) of Montpellier at the 1999 census was 225,300 inhabitants, whereas the whole metropolitan area (in French: aire urbaine) had a population of 459,916 inhabitants in 1999. As of February 2004 estimates, the population of the city of Montpellier reached 244,700 inhabitants, meaning a 1.7% population growth per year between 1999 and 2004. The estimated population of the metropolitan area is 531,000 inhabitants in 2007. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 671 KB) From DE-Wikipedia City of Montpellier, France. ... Download high resolution version (1804x1689, 163 KB) File links The following pages link to this file: Montpellier Categories: GFDL images ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... This is an alphabetical list of countries of the world, including independent states (both those that are internationally recognised and generally unrecognised), inhabited dependent territories and areas of special sovereignty. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Montpellier Regional President Georges Frêche (PS) (since 2004) Departments Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Statistics Land area1 27,376 km² Population (Ranked 10th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... This article is about the French department. ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. ... The arrondissement of Montpellier is an arrondissement of France, located in the Hérault département, of the Languedoc-Roussillon région. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividing arrondissements and départements. ... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... The Agglomeration community of the Montpellier agglomeration (French: Communauté dagglomération Montpellier Agglomération), is the intercommunal structure gathering the commune of Montpellier in France and some of its suburbs. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Hélène Mandroux-Colas is a political woman and a French general doctor born the first of December 1940 at Montpellier. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Rio de la Plata estuary Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Estuaries An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as and . ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Occitan (IPA AmE: ), known also as Lenga dòc or Langue doc (native name: occitan [1], lenga dòc [2]; native nickname: la lenga nòstra [3] i. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Montpellier Regional President Georges Frêche (PS) (since 2004) Departments Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Statistics Land area1 27,376 km² Population (Ranked 10th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... This article is about the French department. ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... Year 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1999 Gregorian calendar). ... In France an aire urbaine (literally: urban area) is roughly the equivalent of a US Metropolitan Statistical Area. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Contents

Geography

The city is situated on hilly ground 10 km (6 miles) inland from the Mediterranean coast at the coordinates 43°37N 3°52E, on the River Lez. The name of the city, originally Monspessulanus, is said to have stood for mont pelé (the naked hill, because the vegetation was poor), or le mont de la colline (the mount of the hill) [1]; an alternative theory is that it was named for the hill of Monte Pestelario. The Mediterranean Sea is an intercontinental sea positioned between Europe to the north, Africa to the south and Asia to the east, covering an approximate area of 2. ...


History

For the Ecclesiastical history of Montpellier see Bishopric of Montpellier
The préfecture.
The préfecture.

Montpellier is one of the few cities in France without a (Gallo-)Roman background. In the Early Middle Ages the nearby episcopal town of Maguelone was the major settlement in the area, but raids by pirates encouraged settlement a little further inland. Montpellier, first mentioned in a document of 985, was founded under a local feudal dynasty, the Guillem counts of Toulouse, who joined together two hamlets, built a castle and walls around the settlement. The ecclesiastical history of Montpellier, according to the Catholic Encyclopedia, is as follows. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 546 KB) Description: City of Montpellier, France. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 546 KB) Description: City of Montpellier, France. ... Justinians wife Theodora and her retinue, in a 6th century mosaic from the Basilica of San Vitale in Ravenna. ... Villeneuve-lès-Maguelone is a village and commune of the Hérault département, in southern France. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Maritime piracy. ... Events Barcelona sacked by Al-Mansur Greenland colonized by Icelandic Viking Erik the Red (the date is according to legend but has been established as at least approximately correct – see History of Greenland) Lady Wulfruna founded the town that later became the city of Wolverhampton Births Al-Hakim bi... Roland pledges his fealty to Charlemagne; from a manuscript of a chanson de geste. ... After the Visigothic Kings of Aquitaine (409-508), the Merovingian kings were kings and dukes in Aquitaine and dukes of Toulouse. ...


The two surviving towers of the city walling, the Tour des Pins and the Tour de la Babotte are later in date, however. Montpellier came to prominence in the 10th century as a trading centre, with trading links across the Mediterranean world and a rich Jewish cultural life and traditions of tolerance of its Muslims, Jews and Cathars— and later of its Protestants. As a means of recording the passage of time, the 10th century was that century which lasted from 901 to 1000. ... A Muslim is a believer in or follower of Islam. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Catharism. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ...


William VII of Montpellier established a faculty of medicine in 1180, recognised by Pope Nicholas IV; the city's university was established in 1220 and was one of the chief centers for the teaching of medicine. This marked the high point of Montpellier's prominence. William VII of Montpellier was the eldest son of William VI and of his wife Sibylle. ... Events April 13 - Frederick Barbarossa issues the Gelnhausen Charter November 18 - France Emperor Antoku succeds Emperor Takakura as emperor of Japan Afonso I of Portugal is taken prisoner by Ferdinand II of Leon Artois is annexed by France Prince Mochihito amasses a large army and instigates the Genpei War between... Nicholas IV, né Girolamo Masci (Lisciano, a small village near Ascoli Piceno, September 30, 1227 – April 4, 1292), was Pope from February 22, 1288 to April 4, 1292. ... // The world in 1220 Middle Ages in Europe Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Events Mongols first invade Abbasid caliphate - Bukhara and Samarkand taken End of the Kara-Khitan Khanate, destroyed by Genghis Khans Mongolian cavalry Dominican Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope... medicines, see Medication. ...


The city became a possession of the kings of Aragon in 1213 by the marriage of Peter II of Aragon with Marie of Montpellier, who brought the city as her dowry. Montpellier gained a charter in 1204 when Peter and Marie confirmed the city's traditional freedoms and granted the city the right to choose twelve governing consuls annually. Montpellier remained a possession of the crown of Aragon until it passed to James III of Majorca, who sold the city to the French king Philip VI in 1349, to raise funds for his ongoing struggle with Peter IV of Aragon. In the 14th century, Montpellier gained a church (not yet a cathedral) dedicated to Saint Peter, noteworthy for its very unusual porch supported by two high, somewhat rocket-like towers. With its importance steadily increasing, the city finally gained a bishop, who moved from Maguelone in 1536 and sat in the neighbouring community of Montpelliéret (eventually absorbed into Montpellier proper). Here is a list of the rulers of Aragon, now a region of north-eastern Spain. ... May 30 - Battle of Damme; English fleet under William Longsword destroyes a French fleet off the Belgian port in the first major victory for the fledgling Royal Navy. ... Peter II of Aragon (1174 – September 12, 1213), surnamed the Catholic, was the king of Aragon (as Pedro II) and count of Barcelona (as Pere I) from 1196 to 1213. ... {{}} ... A dowry (also known as trousseau) is a gift of money or valuables given to the family of the bridegroom by the family of the bride at the time of their marriage. ... // Events February - Byzantine emperor Alexius IV is overthrown in a revolution, and Alexius V is proclaimed emperor. ... James III (1315-1349), king of Majorca, grandson of James II, was driven out of his little state and finally murdered by his cousin Pedro IV of Aragon, who definitely reannexed the Balearic Islands to the crown. ... Philip VI of France Philip VI of Valois (French: Philippe VI de Valois; 1293 – August 22, 1350) was the King of France from 1328 to his death, and Count of Anjou, Maine, and Valois 1325–1328. ... // Events January 9 - The Jewish population of Basel, Switzerland is rounded up and incinerated, believed by the residents to be the cause of the ongoing bubonic plague. ... Peter IV of Aragon (1319-1387), king of Aragon (1336-1387), the Ceremonious or el del punyalet (the one of the little dagger). ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... The Apostle Peter, also known as Saint Peter, Shimon Keipha Ben-Yonah/Bar-Yonah, Simon Peter, Cephas and Keipha—original name Shimon or Simeon (Acts 15:14)—was one of the Twelve Apostles whom Jesus chose as his original disciples. ... Villeneuve-lès-Maguelone is a village and commune of the Hérault département, in southern France. ... Year 1536 was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar. ...


In 1432, Jacques Coeur established himself in the city and it became an important economic centre, until 1481 when Marseille took over this role. Events June 1 - Battle of San Romano - Florence defeats Siena foundation of Université de Caen In the end of the Hook and Cod wars, Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut and Holland is forced by Philip the Good, Duke of Burgundy, to abdicate all her estates in his favour; end of Hainaut... Jacques Cœur Jacques Cœur (c. ... Year 1481 was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar). ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M...


At the time of the Reformation in the 16th century, many of its inhabitants became Protestants (or Huguenots as they were known in France) and it became a stronghold of Protestant resistance to the (mainly Catholic) French crown. In 1622, King Louis XIII besieged the city and took it after eight months, building the citadel to secure it. Louis XIV made Montpellier capital of Bas Languedoc, and the town started to embellish itself, by building the Promenade du Peyrou, the Esplanade and a large number of houses in the historic centre. The Protestant Reformation was a movement which began in the 16th century as a series of attempts to reform the Roman Catholic Church, but ended in division and the establishment of new institutions, most importantly Lutheranism, Reformed churches, and Anabaptists. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Protestantism is a general grouping of denominations within Christianity. ... In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France. ... Events January 1 - In the Gregorian calendar, January 1 is declared as the first day of the year, instead of March 25. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... “Sun King” redirects here. ... The Esplanade is a shopping complex in Bangkok located on Ratchdapisek Road. ...


After the French Revolution, the city became the capital of the much smaller Hérault. The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... This article is about the French department. ...


During the 19th century the city developed into an industrial centre. In the 1960s, its population grew dramatically after French settlers in Algeria were resettled in the city following Algeria's independence from France. In the 1980s and 1990s, the city drew attention with a number of major redevelopment projects, such as the Corum and especially the Antigone District. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Combatants FLN (1954-62) MNA (1954-62) France (1954-62) FAF (1960-61) OAS (1961-62) Commanders Mostefa Benboulaïd Ferhat Abbas Hocine Aït Ahmed Ahmed Ben Bella Krim Belkacem Larbi Ben MHidi Rabah Bitat Mohamed Boudiaf Messali Hadj General Jacques Massu General Maurice Challe Bachaga Said Boualam... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... Montpelliers Corum is a building that houses both a conference centre and a opera house, and is located in the centre of the city in southern France, at . It was designed by Claude Vasconi and opened to the public in 1988. ... The Antigone District is a neighbourhood part of Montpellier, southern France, at . It is best known for its architectural design by Ricardo Bofill. ...


Lords of Montpellier

Main article: Lords of Montpellier Lords of Montpellier William I of Montpellier (d. ...

The Place De La Comedie, Montpellier
The Place De La Comedie, Montpellier

Image File history File linksMetadata PlaceDeLaComedie. ... Image File history File linksMetadata PlaceDeLaComedie. ... William I or Guilhem I was the founder of the dynasty which bears his name: the Guilhems, Lords of Montpellier. ... William V or Guilhem V (1075 – 1121) was the Lord of Montpellier from an early age until his death. ... William VI of Montpellier was the elder son of William V and his wife Ermessende (daughter of Peter of Melgueil). ... William VII of Montpellier was the eldest son of William VI and of his wife Sibylle. ... William VIII of Montpellier was the son of William VII. He married Eudoxie or Eudokia Komnene, niece of the Byzantine emperor Manuel I Komnenos. ... {{}} ... Peter II of Aragon (1174 – September 12, 1213), surnamed the Catholic, was the king of Aragon (as Pedro II) and count of Barcelona (as Pere I) from 1196 to 1213. ... James I of Aragon. ... Coat of Arms of the Kings of Majorca used only abroad James II (Catalan: Jaume II) was king of Majorca and Lord of Montpellier from 1243 until 1311. ...

University

Montpellier's arc de triomphe.
Montpellier's arc de triomphe.

The University of Montpellier is one of the oldest in France, having been granted a charter in 1220 by Cardinal Conrad von Urach and confirmed by Pope Nicholas IV in a papal bull of 1289. It was suppressed during the French Revolution but was re-established in 1896. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1632x1224, 635 KB) Summary A gate to the city of Montpellier Larc de triomphe du Peyrou, commandé par Louis XIV, marque lentrée du centre-ville de Montpellier. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1632x1224, 635 KB) Summary A gate to the city of Montpellier Larc de triomphe du Peyrou, commandé par Louis XIV, marque lentrée du centre-ville de Montpellier. ... The University of Montpellier, (Université de Montpellier), is a French university in Montpellier. ... // The world in 1220 Middle Ages in Europe Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Events Mongols first invade Abbasid caliphate - Bukhara and Samarkand taken End of the Kara-Khitan Khanate, destroyed by Genghis Khans Mongolian cavalry Dominican Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope... Born c1180, died 1227 c1195 Canon of the Catherdal Church of St Lambert, Liège 1199 entered Cistercian Order at Villers, under his uncle Charles de Seyne, the Abbot. ... Nicholas IV, né Girolamo Masci (Lisciano, a small village near Ascoli Piceno, September 30, 1227 – April 4, 1292), was Pope from February 22, 1288 to April 4, 1292. ... Papal bull of Pope Urban VIII, 1637, sealed with a leaden bulla. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ... The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ...


It is not known exactly at what date the schools of literature were founded which developed into the Montpellier faculty of arts; it may be that they were a direct continuation of the Gallo-Roman schools. The school of law was founded by Placentinus, a doctor from Bologna university, who came to Montpellier in 1160, taught there during two different periods, and died there in 1192. The school of medicine was founded perhaps by a graduate of the Spanish medical schools; it is certain that, as early as 1137, there were excellent physicians at Montpellier. The statutes given in 1220 by Cardinal Conrad, legate of Honorius III, which were completed in 1240 by Pierre de Conques, placed this school under the direction of the Bishop of Maguelonne. Pope Nicholas IV issued a Bull in 1289, combining all the schools into a university, which was placed under the direction of the bishop, but which in fact enjoyed a large measure of autonomy. Plancentinus (d. ... The University of Bologna (Italian Alma Mater Studiorum Università di Bologna, UNIBO) is the university of Bologna, the second biggest university in Italy. ... Events Eric IX of Sweden is succeeded by Karl Sverkersson. ... // Events The Third Crusade ends in disaster. ... // Groups BL1137 is the (now defunct) Unix group at Bell Labs in Murray Hill, NJ where Unix and C were invented. ... // The world in 1220 Middle Ages in Europe Fifth Crusade (1217-1221) Events Mongols first invade Abbasid caliphate - Bukhara and Samarkand taken End of the Kara-Khitan Khanate, destroyed by Genghis Khans Mongolian cavalry Dominican Order approved by Pope Honorius III Frederick II crowned Holy Roman Emperor by Pope... Honorius III, né Cencio Savelli (b. ... Events Batu Khan and the Golden Horde sack the Ruthenian city of Kyiv Births Pope Benedict XI Deaths April 11 - Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, also known as Llywelyn The Great Prince of Gwynedd Monarchs/Presidents Aragon - James I King of Aragon and count of Barcelona (reigned from 1213 to 1276) Castile... ... Nicholas IV, né Girolamo Masci (Lisciano, a small village near Ascoli Piceno, September 30, 1227 – April 4, 1292), was Pope from February 22, 1288 to April 4, 1292. ... For broader historical context, see 1280s and 13th century. ...

Rue Foch, Montpellier, looking towards the Porte du Peyrou
Rue Foch, Montpellier, looking towards the Porte du Peyrou

Theology was at first taught in the convents, in which St. Anthony of Padua, Raymond Lullus, and the Dominican Bernard de la Treille lectured. Two letters of King John prove that a faculty of theology existed at Montpellier independently of the convents, in January, 1350. By a Bull of 17 December, 1421, Martin V granted canonical institution to this faculty and united it closely with the faculty of law. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 559 KB) Description: City of Montpellier, France Source: From DE-Wikipedia, Photo by Jonaslange (Löschen) (Aktuell) 12:38, 24. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 559 KB) Description: City of Montpellier, France Source: From DE-Wikipedia, Photo by Jonaslange (Löschen) (Aktuell) 12:38, 24. ... The Arc de Triomphe or Porte du Peyrou is a triumphal arch in Montpellier, in southern France. ... Saint Anthony of Padua Saint Anthony of Padua, also venerated as Anthony of Lisbon, particularly in Portugal (August 15, 1195 – June 13, 1231) is a Catholic saint who was born in Lisbon as Fernando de Bulhões, to a wealthy family. ... Ramon Llull. ... Martin V, né Otto di Colonna (1368 - February 20, 1431), pope from 1417 to 1431, was elected on St Martins day at the Council of Constance by a conclave consisting of twenty-three cardinals and thirty delegates of the council, which after deposing John XXIII, had long experienced much...


In the sixteenth century the faculty of theology disappeared for a time, when Calvinism, in the reign of Henry II of France, held complete possession of the city. It resumed its functions after Louis XIII had reestablished the royal power at Montpellier in 1622; but the rivalries of Dominicans and Jesuits interfered seriously with the prosperity of the faculty, which disappeared at the Revolution. The faculty numbered among its illustrious pupils of law Petrarch, who spent four years at Montpellier, and among its lecturers Guillaume de Nogaret, chancellor to Philip the Fair, Guillaume de Grimoard, afterwards pope under the name of Urban V, and Pedro de Luna, antipope as Benedict XIII. But after the fifteenth century this faculty fell into decay, as did also the faculty of arts, although for a time, under Henry IV of France, the latter faculty had among its lecturers Casaubon. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Wycliffe Tyndale · Luther · Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Pope · Archbishop of Canterbury Patriarch of Constantinople Christianity Portal This box:      Calvinism is a theological... Henry II (French: Henri II) (March 31, 1519 – July 10, 1559), a member of the Valois Dynasty, was King of France from March 31, 1547, until his death. ... Louis XIII (September 27, 1601 - May 14, 1643), called the Just (French: le Juste), was King of France from 1610 to 1643. ... The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... From the c. ... Guillaume de Nogaret (1260-70 - 1313) was councillor and keeper of the seal to Philip IV of France. ... Philippe IV, recumbent statue on his tomb, Royal Necropolis, Saint Denis Basilica Philip IV (French: Philippe IV; 1268–November 29, 1314) was King of France from 1285 until his death. ... Urban V, né Guillaume de Grimoald (1310 - December 19, 1370), pope from 1362 to 1370, was a native of Grisae in Languedoc. ... Antipope Benedict XIII, born Pedro Martínez de Luna, (b. ... Henry IV of France, also Henry III of Navarre (13 December 1553 – 14 May 1610), ruled as King of France from 1589 to 1610 and King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610. ...


The Montpellier school of medicine owed its success to the ruling of the Guilhems, lords of the town, by which any licensed physician might lecture there; there was no fixed limit to the number of teachers, lectures were multiplied, and there was a great wealth of teaching. Rabelais took his medical degrees at Montpellier. It was in this school that the biological theory of vitalism, elaborated by Barthez (1734-1806), had its origin. The French Revolution did not interrupt the existence of the faculty of medicine. The faculties of science and of letters were re-established in 1810; that of law in 1880. It was on the occasion of the sixteenth centenary of the university, celebrated in 1889, that the Government of France announced its intention -- which has since been realized -- of reorganizing the provincial universities in France. François Rabelais (ca. ... Vitalism is the doctrine that vital forces are active in living organisms, so that life cannot be explained solely by mechanism. ... Barthez is the name of several people: Paul Joseph Barthez (1734-1806), was French physician, physiologist, and encyclopaedist Fabien Barthez (born 1971), is the current goalkeeper for the French Ligue 1 football club Olympique de Marseille This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ...


Notable sights

The St-Clément Aqueduct
The St-Clément Aqueduct
"Trois Graces" statue in front of the Opera

Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1392x638, 178 KB) Summary The aquaduct in Montpellier, France. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1392x638, 178 KB) Summary The aquaduct in Montpellier, France. ... The Place de la Comédie is the main focus point of the city of Montpellier, in the Hérault département in France. ... The Musée Fabre is a museum in the French city of Montpellier, capital of the Hérault département. ... The city of Montpellier, in southern France, has a large number of noteworthy historical Hôtels in its old centre. ... Inside the United States Botanic Garden Inside the Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden (Brazil), 1890 Botanical gardens (in Latin, hortus botanicus) grow a wide variety of plants primarily categorized and documented for scientific purposes, but also for the enjoyment and education of visitors, a consideration that has become essential to... Events May 18 - Playwright Thomas Kyds accusations of heresy lead to an arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... For other uses, see Cathedral (disambiguation). ... The Arc de Triomphe or Porte du Peyrou is a triumphal arch in Montpellier, in southern France. ... A triumphal arch is a structure in the shape of a monumental archway, usually built to celebrate a victory in war. ... The Antigone District is a neighbourhood part of Montpellier, southern France, at . It is best known for its architectural design by Ricardo Bofill. ... An architect at his drawing board, 1893 An architect is a person who is involved in the planning, designing and oversight of a buildings construction. ... Ricardo Bofill (born December 5, 1939) is a Catalan architect. ... Anthem: Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Catalan,Spanish and Aranese. ... Surrounding the French city of Montpellier are a number of chateaux, old country mansions or follies, built by wealthy merchants, from the 18th century onwards. ... Broadway Tower, Worcestershire, England The folly at Wimpole Hall, Cambridgeshire, England, built in the 1700s to resemble Gothic-era ruins In architecture, a folly is an extravagant, useless, or fanciful building, or a building that appears to be something other than what it is. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Transport

Montpellier is served by railway, including TGV trains. For the group of heart conditions referred to as TGV, see transposition of the great vessels. ...


The Montpellier-Méditerranée Airport is located in the area of Fréjorgues, in the town of Mauguio, southeast of Montpellier. Montpellier-Méditerranée Airport (Fréjorgues Airport) is an airport located in southern France. ... Mauguio is a commune of the Hérault département, in southern France. ...


The TaM (Transports de l'agglomération de Montpellier) manages the city's public transportation, including its tramway network and several parking facilities. This article is about light rail systems in general. ...


Line 2 of the Montpellier tram systems was officially opened on Saturday, December 16, 2006 with bands, singers, jugglers, fireworks and a weekend of free tram travel. The new line of 19.8km route serves five communes and expects to carry 52,000 passengers a day. Starting in Jacou on the northeast side of the city, in a copse of conifers, the line goes SW though the city centre and passes the train station to St Jean de Védas on the southwest of the town. There are plenty of parking sites along the line which crosses Line 1 at St Roch station, Place de l'Europe and again in front of the Corum. is the 350th day of the year (351st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays full 2006 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Work on Line 3, which is planned to be in service by 2010, will start in the spring of 2007. This 22.4 km line will link Juvenac and Perols with a branch to Lattes and will serve 32 stations.


Sport

The city is home to a variety of professional sports teams:

Montpellier was the finish of Stage 11 and the departure of Stage 12 in the 2007 Tour de France. Montpellier Hérault Sport Club is a French football club, based in Montpellier. ... Ligue 2 is the second division of French football. ... “Soccer” redirects here. ... Stade de la Mosson is a multi-use stadium in Montpellier, France. ... Montpellier Hérault Rugby Club is a French rugby union club currently competing in the top level of the French league system. ... The Top 14 is a rugby union club competition which is played throughout France. ... A rugby union scrum. ... Stade Sabathé is a multi-use stadium in Montpellier, France. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Stages in 2007 The 2007 Tour de France is the 94th Tour de France, taking place from July 7 to July 29, 2007. ...


Culture

  • Centre Chorégraphique National de Montpellier Languedoc-Roussillon

The Festival de Radio France et Montpellier is a summer festival of opera and music held in Montpellier. The music festival concentrates on classical music and jazz with about 100 events, including opera, concerts, films, and talks. Most of these events are free and are held in the historic courtyards of the city or the modern concert halls of Le Corum. The Festival de Radio France et Montpellier is a summer festival of opera and music held in Montpelier, France. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy. ...


Le Corum cultural and conference centre contains 3 auditoriums; the Berlioz Opera, which has 2,010 seats, the Pasteur, which has 745 seats, and the Einstein, which has 318 seats. There are also reception and exhibition areas and meeting rooms. Montpelliers Corum is a building that houses both a conference centre and a opera house, and is located in the centre of the city in southern France, at . It was designed by Claude Vasconi and opened to the public in 1988. ...


Twin cities

Montpellier is twinned with:

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Lakewood is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. ... Official language(s) None Capital Columbus Largest city Columbus Largest metro area Cleveland Area  Ranked 34th  - Total 44,825 sq mi (116,096 km²)  - Width 220 miles (355 km)  - Length 220 miles (355 km)  - % water 8. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... “Louisville” redirects here. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Heidelberg is a city in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... Location Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2) Administration Country NUTS Region DE1 Capital Stuttgart Prime Minister Günther Oettinger (CDU) Governing parties CDU / FDP Votes in Bundesrat 6 (from 69) Basic statistics Area  35,752 km² (13,804 sq mi) Population 10,741,000 (11/2006)[1]  - Density 300... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Anthem: Capital Barcelona Official language(s) Catalan,Spanish and Aranese. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...   (Chinese: ; Pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Cheng-tu), located in southwest China, is the capital of Sichuan province and a sub-provincial city. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: SzÅ­4-chuan1; Postal map spelling: Szechwan and Szechuan) is a province in the central-western China with its capital at Chengdu. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Israel. ... Hebrew טבריה (Standard) Teverya Arabic طبرية Government City District North Population 39 900 (a) Jurisdiction 10 000 dunams (10 km²) Tiberias (British English: ; American English: ; Hebrew: , Tverya; Arabic: , abariyyah) is a town on the western shore of the Sea of Galilee, Lower Galilee, Israel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Morocco. ... Bab Bou Jeloud, gate to the Old Medina of Fes Leather dyeing vats in Fes For specific travel tips, see the entry on Fez at http://wikitravel. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... “Glaswegian” redirects here. ... This article is about the country. ...

Famous inhabitants of Montpellier

Montpellier was the birthplace of:

Students at the University of Montpellier have included François Rabelais (1493-1553) and Nostradamus (1503-1566). Abraham ben Isaac of Narbonne (ca. ... Rabbi, in Judaism, means a religious ‘teacher’, or more literally, ‘great one’. The word Rabbi is derived from the Hebrew root word , rav, which in biblical Hebrew means ‘great’ or ‘distinguished (in knowledge)’. Sephardic and Yemenite Jews pronounce this word ribbÄ«; the modern Israeli pronunciation rabbÄ« is derived from a... Halakha (Hebrew: הלכה; also transliterated as Halakhah, Halacha, Halakhot and Halachah with pronunciation emphasis on the third syllable, kha), is the collective corpus of Jewish religious law, including biblical law (the 613 mitzvot) and later talmudic and rabbinic law as well as customs and traditions. ... Pierre Magnol (1638 - 1715) was a doctor and botanist who was one of the innovators of the current botanical scheme of classification. ... Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès Jean-Jacques-Régis de Cambacérès, Duke of Parma, (18 October 1753 - 8 March 1824), French lawyer and statesman, is best remembered as the author of the Code Napoléon, which still forms the basis of French law. ... First page of the 1804 original edition The Napoleonic Code, or Code Napoléon (originally called the Code civil des Français) was the French civil code, established at the behest of Napoléon I. It was drafted rapidly by a commission of four eminent jurists and entered into force... Guillaume Mathieu, comte Dumas (23 November 1753 - 16 October 1837), French general, born at Montpellier, of a noble family, joined the French army in 1773 and entered upon active service in 1780, as aide-de-camp to Rochambeau in the American Revolutionary War. ... Auguste Comte (full name: Isidore Marie Auguste François Xavier Comte; January 17, 1798 - September 5, 1857) was a French thinker who coined the term sociology. ... This article or section includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... Antoine Jerome Balard (September 30, 1802 - April 30, 1876), was a French chemist, and the discoverer of bromine. ... A chemist pours from a round-bottom flask. ... Émile Edmond Saisset (September 16, 1814 - December 17, 1863) was a French philosopher. ... Charles Bernard Renouvier (January 1, 1815 _ September 1, 1903) was a French philosopher. ... Édouard Albert Roche (1820-1883) was a French scientist. ... Portrait of Alfred Bruyas, Gustave Courbet, 1854 Alfred Bruyas (15 August 1821-1 January 1876) was an art collector and a personal friend of many important artists of his time, among them Gustave Courbet. ... Alexandre Cabanel, Self Portrait (1847). ... 1865–1866. ... Léo Malet (March 7, 1909—March 3, 1996) was a French crime novelist. ... Jeanne Marie-Madeleine Demessieux (February 13, 1921–November 11, 1968), was a French organist, pianist, composer, and pedagogue. ... An organist is a musician who plays the organ, whether pipe or electronic. ... A pianist is a person who plays the piano. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... In education, teachers are those who teach students or pupils, often a course of study or a practical skill. ... The University of Montpellier, (Université de Montpellier), is a French university in Montpellier. ... François Rabelais François Rabelais (c. ... Nostradamus: original portrait by his son Cesar Michel de Nostredame (December 14, 1503 – July 2, 1566), usually Latinized to Nostradamus, was a French apothecary and reputed seer who published collections of prophecies that have since become famous world-wide. ...


Sources and references

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Montpellier
  • Official web site
  • A visitor in Montpellier - from The Official Francis Hannaway Website (In English and French)
  • Photos of Montpellier
  • Other photos of Montpellier
  • Allégories, public art in Montpellier
  • Some more photos of Montpellier (In French)
  • Snows at Montpellier
  • 152 photos from Montpellier and Surroundings
  • Additional photos of Montpellier

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In France, a préfecture is the administrative town of a département. ... City flag City coat of arms Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Alsace Department Bas-Rhin (67) Intercommunality Urban Community of Strasbourg Mayor Fabienne Keller  (UMP) City Statistics Land area¹ 78. ... (New region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 903 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² (??? mi) km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Dordogne Gironde Landes Lot-et-Garonne Pyrénées-Atlantiques Arrondissements 18 Cantons 235 Communes 2,296 Statistics Land area1 41,308 km² Population (Ranked 6th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Clermont-Ferrand is a city of France, in the Auvergne region, with a population of approximately 140,000. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Clermont-Ferrand Regional President René Souchon (PS) (since 2006) Departments Allier Cantal Haute-Loire Puy-de-Dôme Arrondissements 14 Cantons 158 Communes 1,310 Statistics Land area1 26,013 km² Population (Ranked 19th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Dijon ( , IPA: ) is a city in eastern France, the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Côte-dOr département and of the Bourgogne région. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Dijon Regional President François Patriat (PS) (since 2004) Departments Yonne Côte-dOr Nièvre Saône-et-Loire Arrondissements 15 Cantons 174 Communes 2,045 Statistics Land area1 31,582 km² Population (Ranked 16th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Some medieval houses, such as these at Champ-Jacquet, can still be found in the center of Rennes. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Rennes Regional President Jean-Yves Le Drian (PS) (since 2004) Departments Côtes-dArmor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Finistère Arrondissements 15 Cantons 201 Communes 1,268 Statistics Land area1 27,208 km² Population (Ranked 7th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Orléans (Latin, meaning golden) is a city and commune in north-central France, about 130 km (80 miles) southwest of Paris. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Orléans Regional President Michel Sapin (PS) (1998 to 2000, and since 2004) Departments Cher Eure-et-Loir Indre Indre-et-Loire Loir-et-Cher Loiret Arrondissements 20 Cantons 198 Communes 1,842 Statistics Land area1 39,151 km² Population (Ranked 9th)  - January... Châlons-en-Champagne is a city and commune in France. ... Capital Châlons-en-Champagne Land area¹ 25,606 km² Regional President Jean-Paul Bachy (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Ajaccio (IPA: , Latin: ; French: ; Corsican: ), is a town of France. ... “Corsican” redirects here. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Utinam (Latin: If God wills) Citadel Vauban of Besançon Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Franche-Comté Department Doubs (25) Intercommunality Grand Besançon Mayor Jean-Louis Fousseret  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Besançon Regional President Raymond Forni (PS) (since 2004) Departments Doubs Haute-Saône Jura Territoire de Belfort Arrondissements 8 Cantons 116 Communes 1,786 Statistics Land area1 16,202 km² Population (Ranked 20th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Essonne Hauts-de-Seine Paris Seine-Saint-Denis Seine-et-Marne Val-de-Marne Val-dOise Yvelines Arrondissements 25 Cantons 317 Communes 1,281 Statistics Land area1 12,012 km² Population (Ranked 1st)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Montpellier Regional President Georges Frêche (PS) (since 2004) Departments Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Statistics Land area1 27,376 km² Population (Ranked 10th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... This article is about the French commune. ... This article is about the modern French region of Limousin. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Si paix dedans, paix dehors (French: If peace inside, peace outside) Cathedral St. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Meurthe-et-Moselle Meuse Moselle Vosges Arrondissements 19 Cantons 157 Communes 2,337 Statistics Land area1 23,547 km² Population (Ranked 11th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... (Region flag) (Occitan cross) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Ariège Aveyron Gers Haute-Garonne Hautes-Pyrénées Lot Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Arrondissements 22 Cantons 293 Communes 3,020 Statistics Land area1 45,348 km² Population (Ranked 8th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... New city flag Traditional coat of arms Motto: – Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Nord-Pas de Calais Department Nord (59) Intercommunality Urban Community of Lille Métropole Mayor Martine Aubry  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 39. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Nord Pas-de-Calais Arrondissements 13 Cantons 156 Communes 1,546 Statistics Land area1 12,414 km² Population (Ranked 4th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Caen (pronounced /kɑ̃/) is a commune of northwestern France. ... Capital Caen Land area¹ 17,589 km² Regional President Philippe Duron (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northwestern France on the River Seine, and currently the capital of the Haute-Normandie (Upper Normandy) région. ... Capital Rouen Land area¹ 12,318 km² Regional President Alain Le Vern (PS) (since 1998) Population  - Jan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Capital Nantes Land area¹ 32,082 km² Regional President Jacques Auxiette (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Amiens is a city and commune in the north of France, 120 km north of Paris. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Amiens Regional President Claude Gewerc (PS) (since 2004) Departments Aisne Oise Somme Arrondissements 13 Cantons 129 Communes 2,292 Statistics Land area1 19,399 km² Population (Ranked 12th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Location within France Poitiers (population 85,000) is a small city located in west central France. ... Categories: Stub | Regions of France ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban Community of Marseille Provence M... Location Administration Capital Marseille Regional President Michel Vauzelle (PS) (since 1998) Départements Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes Var Vaucluse Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Statistics Land area1 31,400 km² Population (Ranked 3rd)  - January 1, 2005 est. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: (Franco-Provençal: Forward, forward, Lyon the best) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Rhône-Alpes Department Rhône (69) Subdivisions 9 arrondissements Intercommunality Urban Community of Lyon Mayor Gérard Collomb  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Lyon Regional President Jean-Jack Queyranne (PS) (since 2004) Departments Ain Ardèche Drôme Isère Loire Rhône Savoie Haute-Savoie Arrondissements 25 Cantons 335 Communes 2,879 Statistics Land area1 43,698 km² Population (Ranked 2nd)  - January 1, 2006... Overseas region (French: Région doutre-mer), is a recent designation given to the overseas departments which have similar powers to those of the regions of metropolitan France. ... Cayenne is the capital of the French overseas région of French Guiana. ... Basse-Terre Island (top) from space, September 1994 Basse-Terre is the name of the western of the two largest islands of Guadeloupe. ... Fort-de-France is the capital of Frances Caribbean département doutre-mer of Martinique. ... Saint-Denis de la Réunion, (or just Saint-Denis or St-Denis for short) is the préfecture (administrative capital) of the French overseas département Réunion. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Montpellier - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1620 words)
William VII of Montpellier established a faculty of medicine in 1180; the city's university was established in 1220 and was one of the chief centers for the teaching of medicine.
Montpellier remained a possession of the crown of Aragon until it passed to James III of Majorca, who sold the city to the French king Philip VI in 1349, to raise funds for his ongoing struggle with Peter IV of Aragon.
The University of Montpellier is one of the oldest in France, having been granted a charter in 1220 by Cardinal Conrad von Urach and confirmed by Pope Nicholas IV in a papal bull of 1289.
Montpellier - definition of Montpellier in Encyclopedia (549 words)
Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France.
It became a possession of the kings of Aragon by the marriage of Peter II of Aragon with Mary of Montpellier.
The University of Montpellier is one of the oldest in France, having been founded in 1220 by Cardinal Conrad and confirmed by Pope Nicholas IV in a papal bull of 1289.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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