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Encyclopedia > Monticello, New York

Monticello is a village located in the Town of Thompson in Sullivan County, New York. The population was 6,512 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Sullivan CountyGR6. The village was named after the residence of Thomas Jefferson, but is pronounced as "mon-tah-sell-oh". Masouleh village, Gilan Province, Iran. ... Thompson is a town located in Sullivan County, New York. ... Sullivan County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Sullivan County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Thomas Jefferson (13 April 1743 N.S.–4 July 1826) was the third President of the United States (1801–09), the principal author of the Declaration of Independence (1776), and one of the most influential Founding Fathers for his promotion of the ideals of Republicanism in the United States. ...


The Village of Monticello is in the central part of the town, adjacent to New York Route 17. Monticello is the largest village in the county. New York State Route 17, also known as the Southern Tier Expressway (between the Pennsylvania-New York border and Binghamton) and the Quickway (between Binghamton and the New York State Thruway), is a New York state highway that runs from Suffern, New York (where it connects to NJ 17) to...

Contents

Pre-Civil War history

On March 20, 1801, an act was passed authorizing the building of a new turnpike road from the Hudson River to the Delaware through what was then Ulster and Orange Counties. There were two important reasons for this undertaking. One was to facilitate travel between Newburgh and the rich coalfields of Pennsylvania and the other was to provide a suitable passage for large droves of cattle and wood products taken from the virgin forests of Sullivan County. The proposed Newburgh and Cochecton Turnpike ultimately brought about the found­ing of the village of Monticello. The Hudson River, called Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk in Mahican, is a river that runs through the eastern portion of New York State and, along its southern terminus, demarcates the border between the states of New York and New Jersey. ... For the Delaware River in Kansas, see Delaware River (Kansas) The Delaware River is a river on the Atlantic coast of the United States. ... Newburgh is a city located in Orange County, New York. ... Official language(s) English, Pennsylvania Dutch Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ... Sullivan County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... Cochecton is a town located in west-central Sullivan County, New York. ...


Two brothers, Samuel F. Jones and John Patterson Jones, built Monticello. The turnpike company entrusted Samuel F. Jones to ex­plore the vast forests west of the Mamakating valley to find the best route for the new turnpike. While so en­gaged, Mr. Jones foresaw that Ulster County would un­dergo many changes and growth when the new turnpike was completed, He also realized that because of this growth a new county would ultimately be formed out of the southwestern part of the county. He predicted the county seat for this new county would be located along the new turnpike. Re­turning home, Samuel related his predictions and vision to his younger brother, John. Mamakating is a town located in Sullivan County, New York. ... Ulster County is a county located in the state of New York, USA. It sits in the states beautiful Mid-Hudson Region of the Hudson Valley. ...


John joined his brother and in the early part of 1803, they bought two tracts of wilderness totaling 1861 acres for which they paid $4,613. Since Samuel was occupied surveying the route for the new turnpike, it was left to John to start making immediate im­provements to their land. John arrived later that year with eleven men, and after putting up a temporary shelter east of Monticello, they commenced working on a sawmill. The work halted when the brothers returned to their New Lebanon, Connecticut, home for the winter but resumed the following spring. John returned to his work on their lands in early April 1804, while Samuel continued work­ing for the turnpike company. After John put the sawmill in operation, he started clearing and seeding the land west of Monticello. He also built a gristmill that was used mostly for grinding their grain.


The final route for the Newburgh-Cochecton Turnpike was determined that spring, and it was precisely where Samuel Jones wanted it. The brothers then deter­mined where to build their intended city. It was at this time that the name Monticello was given to the planned village. The brothers were ardent admirers of Thomas Jefferson, who invented the word from two Latin words meaning "heavenly mountain", which Mr. Jefferson gave to his home place.


Before the log house was built in Monticello or the first tree cut, the farseeing brothers first surveyed their planned village, laying out broad streets and a central park. Trees were marked to indicate the lines. Conse­quently, Monticello became a grand town with wide streets, magnificent shade trees, and a beautiful "public square." In addition, as Samuel Jones planned, the Newburgh and Cochecton Turnpike ran straight through the village.


Soon after the survey was completed, John Jones selected a lot for his residence, and on September 4, 1804, with his own hands he felled the first tree that marked the site of his future home. The house was located on the turnpike (Broadway) across from the park and was com­pleted by December. John lived there until he died. Sam­uel was still involved with the turnpike, so John later built the first part of his brother's house. In 1807, Samuel built a large addition to his dwelling. September 4 is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years). ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


As an inducement to inhabit their village, the brothers offered one-acre lots to anyone who would build and settle there. Advertisements were inserted into many newspapers of southern counties that enticed many to take advantage of their offer. One of these pioneers was Platt Pelton of Putnam County, a tanner by trade, who came to Monticello in 1804. He built a sawmill and a temporary shanty. The following year erected the second house in Monticello. In 1805, John P. Jones built a black­smith shop and Miles Curtis put up a house. Sometime that summer Curtis Lindsley commenced building a hotel, where later the county court would be held until a court­house was built. Putnam County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York . ...


On March 27, 1809, by an act of the Legislature, Sullivan County was created from part of Ulster. In June the new county government was organized and John P. Jones became the first County Clerk. He was later elected state senator and held several other public offices. Samuel F. Jones became one of the county's first judges and in 1811, when a postal route went into operation from Newburgh to Ithaca, Samuel became Monticello's first post­master. Sullivan County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. ... The City of Ithaca (named for the Greek island of Ithaca) sits on the southern shore of Cayuga Lake, in Central New York State. ...


David Hammond, who became an active business­man in the village, came to Monticello in 1805 or 1806. In 1811, he built the Mansion House. Eli Fairchild came to Monticello in 1815. He built the first iron foundry on Main St. and a gristmill and sawmill on the Cold Spring Road. All his businesses were conducted successfully for many years. Ephraim Lyon Burnham came to Monticello about this time and established a large tannery, which was later owned by Strong, Starr and Company.


By 1813, there were twenty houses in Monticello as well as various places of business. The village was incorporated on April 20, 1830.


On the 13th of January, 1844, a great fire swept the county seat destroying, with other structures, the county's buildings.


On August 14, 1862, Mr. John C. Holley received authority to recruit a regiment in Sullivan County, which was organized at Monticello, with David P. DeWitt as Colonel, and there mustered in the service of the United States for three years October 8, 1862. The companies were recruited principally in: A at Monticello, Fremont, Bethel, Rockland, Forestburg, Liberty and Beaver Kill; B at Bethel, Thompson, Fallsburg, Forestburg and Stormville; C at Fallsburg, Rockland, Grahamville and Neversink; D at Ithaca and Lansing; E at Wurtsborough, Bridgeville, Monticello and Phillipsport; F at Fremont, Callicoon, Jeffersonville, Rockland and Monticello; G at Fremont, Bloomingburg, Neversink, Monticello, Thompson, Cochecton and Tusten; H at Liberty, Monticello and Rockland; I at Dryden and Cochecton; K at Cochecton, Monticello, Tusten, Callicoon, Highland and Thompson. August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... October 8 is the 281st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (282nd in leap years). ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Fallsburg is a town located in Sullivan County, New York. ...


The regiment left the state October 14, 1862; it served in the defenses of Washington in the 3rd Brigade, Abercrombie's Division, from October 16, 1862; in 3d, Hughston's, Brigade, Gurney's Division, Department of Virginia, at Suffolk, Virginia, from April, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, Gordon's Division, of 7th Corps, from May, 1863; of 4th Corps, from June, 1863; in the 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 11th Corps, from July 14, 1863; in the 3d Brigade, 1st Division, 20th Corps, from April, 1864; in the 2d Brigade, Bartlett's Division, 22d Corps, from June 30, 1865; and, under Col. Horace Boughton, it was honorably discharged and mustered out July 20, 1865, at and near Washington, D.C. October 14 is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Justitia Omnibus (Justice for All) Location of Washington, D.C., in relation to the states Maryland and Virginia Coordinates: Country United States Federal District District of Columbia Government  - Mayor Adrian M. Fenty (D)  - City Council Chairperson: Vincent C. Gray (D) Ward 1: Jim Graham (D) Ward 2: Jack... Location in the Commonwealth of Virginia Coordinates: Country United States State Virginia County Independent City Founded 1742 Mayor Linda T. Johnson Area    - City 1,111. ...


During its service the regiment lost by death, killed in action, 3 officers, 13 enlisted men; of wounds received in action, 2 officers, 25 enlisted men; of disease and other causes, 1 officer, 177 enlisted men; total, 6 officers, 215 enlisted men; aggregate, 221; of whom 3 enlisted men died in the hands of the enemy; the large loss by accident (9), was principally caused by a railroad accident on March 20, 1863


Post-Civil War history

Even though the village grew a great deal from the turnpike, the village was not as fortu­nate with the railroad. Although one survey for the Erie Railroad went to Monticello, when the final route was determined it did not go near the village. Later when the Midland Railroad (later the O&W) was built through Sullivan County, it too missed Monticello by going through Fallsburg five miles away. A railroad line between Monticello and Post Jervis was launched in 1869 with the formal opening taking place on January 23, 1871. The name of the little rail­road was changed several times before it was taken over by the New York O & W in 1903. The O & W ran the line until it was suspended in 1935. Fallsburg is a town located in Sullivan County, New York. ...


On August 10, 1909, Monticello suffered its worse calamity in history when a fire wiped out most of the business section of the village. It was thought that the fire started from a large burned out smokestack belonging to the Hurray power plant. The fire broke out on a Tuesday evening about 8:30 when the evening mail was arriving. The streets, stores and hotel porches were thronged with summer visitors when the alarm sounded. By the time the firemen responded and the hoses were laid the power house was roaring in flames. The fire quickly spread to the huge Palatine Casino, which was consumed in fire in a matter of seconds. A strong wind spread the fire from building to build­ing and in less than an hour, both sides of the street were a fury of fire. When it was over forty buildings had been consumed along with a million dollars worth of property. Fortunately, no lives were lost as hundreds of horrified people watched, powerless to save one hundred years of growth and industry. Monticello was quick to rebuild; replacing many of the wooden buildings with more fire resistant ones made of brick. Unfortunately replacing the beautiful trees that once lined Broadway would take a great deal longer.


Some pioneer hotels in the county were located in Monticello; the Mansion House and the Rockwell were im­portant places during the Sullivan County resort era. There was a lot of summer activity and entertainment in Monticello. During the early 1900s, there was a Driving Park Association that held races in the village. In 1910 the "Lyceum," the largest theater in the county opened in Monticello. It was successful until 1922 when the moviegoers visited the Rialto Theater, the new showplace in town. The Monticello Amusement Park was popular until it burned in 1932. Monticello played host to the Sullivan County Fair for over fifty years until it closed in 1931. Although few of Monticello hotels successfully made the transition into the later resort age, the village continued to draw the tourists who stayed at nearby hotels and bungalow colonies.


Geography

Monticello is located at 41°39′13″N, 74°41′26″W (41.653529, -74.690454)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 10.5 km² (4.1 mi²), all land. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 6,512 people, 2,554 households, and 1,460 families residing in the village. The population density was 617.8/km² (1,601.5/mi²). There were 3,758 housing units at an average density of 356.5/km² (924.2/mi²). The racial makeup of the village was 55.57% White, 29.32% African American, 0.31% Native American, 2.13% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 8.14% from other races, and 4.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 23.16% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 2,554 households out of which 31.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.9% were married couples living together, 21.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.8% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.39 and the average family size was 3.14. This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the village the population was spread out with 28.3% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.5 males.


The median income for a household in the village was $22,671, and the median income for a family was $29,554. Males had a median income of $32,623 versus $22,827 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,433. About 30.8% of families and 35.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 49.7% of those under age 18 and 23.7% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


There are 13 registered sex offenders living in Monticello, New York in early 2007. The ratio of number of residents in Monticello to the number of sex offenders is 511 to 1.


famous people born in Monticello

  • Monticello was the birthplace of Chief Judge of the New York State Court of Appeals Judith Kaye
  • Monticello was the birthplace and home of former Chief Judge of the New York Court of Appeals, Lawrence C. Cooke.

Ð Stanley W. Finch, first Director of the FBI Stanley W. Finch (July 20, 1872–1951) was the first director of the Bureau of Investigation, which would eventually become the FBI. Finch was born in Monticello, New York, in 1872. ... The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... Car 54, Where Are You? was a TV comedy show that ran from 1961 to 1963 on the American television network NBC. It followed the madcap adventures of police officers in the fictional 53rd precinct in the borough of The Bronx in New York City. ... Judith Kaye, Chief Judge of the State of New York, was born in Monticello, New York, in 1938. ...

Interesting facts

  • The town hosts the three leading Sullivan County radio stations. WSUL 98.3 FM, WVOS 1240 AM and Country 95.9 WVOS-FM.
  • The local bus station is served by Coach USA ShortLine, and the station acts as a hub for the entire area.
  • The village of Monticello is the county seat and thus it has the county's court house, jail, and Wal-Mart.
  • Monticello is famous for its Monticello Raceway which attracted people from all over the northeast in its heydey. Now the Raceway has turned into a Racino, hosting electronic slot machines as well as horse racing. Just seven miles away from the Raceway is Bethel Woods Center for the Arts, site of the 1969 Woodstock festival.

According to the US Postal Service, Monticello, its neighborhoods, and/or surrounding areas are also referred to as: Forestburg or Forestburgh A radio station that broadcasts out of Monticello, New York. ... Wal-Mart Stores, Inc. ... Thompson is a town located in Sullivan County, New York. ... A racino is a combined race track and casino. ... The Bethel Woods Center for the Arts is a state-of-the-art performing arts center located at the site of the 1969 Woodstock Festival in Bethel, New York. ... Woodstock may refer to: Woodstock Music and Art Festival, a 1969 U.S. rock festival which inspired a 1970 Warner Bros. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Monticello, New York - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (580 words)
Monticello is a village located in the Town of Thompson in Sullivan County, New York.
The Village of Monticello is in the central part of the town, adjacent to New York Route 17.
Monticello is the largest village in the county.
New Georgia Encyclopedia: Trisha Yearwood (b. 1964) (709 words)
Patricia Lynn Yearwood was born in Monticello on September 19, 1964, to Gwen and Jack Yearwood.
She grew up on a thirty-acre farm, absorbed the influence of Elvis Presley and other pop stars as a child, and sought out a broad range of popular music—from the traditional country artists in her parents' record collection to southern-based rock and roll.
Her first single, "She's in Love with the Boy," spent two weeks at the top of the country charts; it was the first of four hits from the album.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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