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Encyclopedia > Montevideo
Montevideo
Montevideo from the Telecommunications Tower
Coat of arms of Montevideo
Coat of arms
Motto: Montevideo, tu casa
Montevideo, your home
Coordinates: 34°53′S 56°10′W / -34.883, -56.167
Country Uruguay
Department Montevideo Department
Founded 1726
Founder Bruno Mauricio de Zabala
Government
 - Municipal Intendent Ricardo Ehrlich
Elevation 43 m (141 ft)
Population (2004)
 - Total 1,325,968
 - Rank 1st
 - Demonym Montevideano
postal code 10000
Area code(s) +02
Website: www.montevideo.gub.uy

Montevideo (IPA: [monteβi'deo]) is the largest city, capital and chief port of Uruguay. Montevideo is the primate city in Uruguay, the only city in the country with a population over 1,000,000. Montevideo has a privileged harbour, one of the most important in the Americas. Also, it has beautiful beaches, like Pocitos, Buceo, Malvin, Playa de los Ingleses, Playa Verde, Punta Gorda and Carrasco. Many monuments and museums cover the city, as well as historic buildings and squares. The city's mayor is Ricardo Ehrlich. According to the Mercer Human Resource Consulting, Montevideo is the Latin American city with the highest quality of life (followed by Buenos Aires and Santiago de Chile). See also La Nación -Chilean newspaper article that mentions the three Latin American cities with highest quality of life according to the MHRC 2007 investigation (Spanish)[1][2]. Montevideo, the Capital city of Uruguay Montevideo, a location in Peru Montevideo, a city in Minnesota Category: ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2761x569, 216 KB) Summary Panorama of Montevideo, Uruguay. ... Torre de las Telecomunicaciones (Telecommunication Tower) or Torre Antel (Antel Tower) is a 158 metre tall building with 35 floors in Montevideo, Uruguay. ... Image File history File links Montevideo_Department_Coa. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1155x838, 58 KB) Summary Map of Montevideo, Uruguay. ... Uruguay consists of 19 departments (departamentos, singular - departamento) (capitals in parentheses): Artigas (Artigas). ... The Municipal Intendent of Montevideo is the highest ranking official in the government of Montevideo. ... Ricardo Ehrlich (1948-) is a Uruguayan political figure. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Map of Uruguay This is a list of cities and towns in Uruguay: Artigas Canelones Colonia del Sacramento Durazno Florida Fray Bentos Las Piedras Maldonado Melo Mercedes Minas Montevideo Nueva Palmira Paysandú Punta del Este Rivera Rocha Salto San José Treinta y Tres Trinidad External link Map List of cities... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... A primate city is a major city that works as the financial, political, and population center of a country and is not rivaled in any of these aspects by any other city in that country. ... World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere or New World, consisting of the continents of North America[1] and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Ricardo Ehrlich (1948-) is a Uruguayan political figure. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Satellite image of Santiago Santiago (full form Santiago de Chile) is the capital of Chile. ...

Contents

Population

The current population estimates for Montevideo are 1,349,000 habitants in the city proper and 1,814,400 habitants in the greater metropolitan region.


Montivideans have very strong European origins, with Italian and Spanish descent being the most common. There are also important African descent and Jewish communities.


Montevideo's population makes up roughly 44% of the entire country of Uruguay. The surrounding department of Canelones, essentially Montevideo's suburbs and direct rural area, makes up another 12%. A department is geographically defined area of a centralized state which functions as an administrative unit, usually at provincial level, with or without a representative assembly. ... Canelones is the capital of the department of Canelones in Uruguay. ...


Geography

Montevideo is situated in the south of the country, The geographic coordinates are 34.5° S, 56°W.


18 de Julio is the city's main avenue and extends from the Plaza Independencia, which is the junction between the Ciudad Vieja (the historical quarter) and the rest of the city, to the neighbourhood of Cordón. [[Image:Plaza-Independencia. ... The Gateway of Ciudadela Ciudad Vieja (Old City) is the name of the oldest part of the city of Montevideo, capital city of Uruguay. ...

Montevideo
Montevideo
The Plaza Independencia, Independence Square.
The Plaza Independencia, Independence Square.
Downtown and port, Montevideo
Downtown and port, Montevideo
1888 German map of Montevideo
1888 German map of Montevideo

ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1036x688, 797 KB) Image courtesy of Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1036x688, 797 KB) Image courtesy of Earth Sciences and Image Analysis Laboratory, NASA Johnson Space Center. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 808 KB) Summary Vista del centro de Montevideo desde el complejo de la planta baja de la Torre de las Telecomunicaciones. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2304x1728, 808 KB) Summary Vista del centro de Montevideo desde el complejo de la planta baja de la Torre de las Telecomunicaciones. ... Historical map of Montevideo, copied from German wikipedia: http://de. ... Historical map of Montevideo, copied from German wikipedia: http://de. ...

History

Origin of Name

There are at least two explanations for the name Montevideo: The first states that it comes from the Portuguese "Monte vide eu" which means "I see a hill". The second is that the Spaniards recorded the location of a mountain in a map as "Monte VI De Este a Oeste" meaning "The sixth hill from east to west". The city's full original name is San Felipe y Santiago de Montevideo.


Early History

Montevideo was first found by Juan Diaz De Solis. He arrived in 1516. He encountered the natives living there, and was killed by them, along with the rest of his group of travelers. The Portuguese founded Colonia del Sacramento in the 17th century despite Spanish claims to the area due to the Treaty of Tordesillas. The Spanish chased the Portuguese out of a fort in the area in 1724. Then, Bruno Mauricio de Zabalagovernor of Buenos Aires – founded the city on December 24, 1726 to prevent further incursions. Colonia del Sacramento is a city in southwestern Uruguay, by the Río de la Plata, facing Buenos Aires, Argentina. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Cantino planisphere of 1502 depicting the meridian designated by the treaty. ... Events January 14 - King Philip V of Spain abdicates the throne February 20 - The premiere of Giulio Cesare, an Italian opera by George Frideric Handel, takes place in London June 23 - Treaty of Constantinople signed. ... Zabalas birthplace Bruno Mauricio de Zabala (1682-1736) was a Spanish soldier and colonial administrator. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events George Friderich Handel becomes a British subject. ...


In 1828, the town became the capital of Uruguay. Year 1828 (MDCCCXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The city fell under heavy British influence from the early 19th century until the early 20th century as a way to circumvent Argentine and Brazilian commercial control. It was repeatedly besieged by Argentinean dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas between 1838 and 1851. Between 1878 and 1911, British owned Railway companies built an extensive railway network linking the city and its port to the countryside. Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... General de Rosas Juan Manuel de Rosas (born Juan Manuel José Domingo Ortiz de Rozas y López de Osornio, 1793-1877) was a conservative Argentine politician who ruled Argentina from 1829 to 1852. ... | Jöns Jakob Berzelius, discoverer of protein 1838 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1851 (MDCCCLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


20th Century

Independence Plaza, c. 1900
Independence Plaza, c. 1900

During World War II, a famous incident involving the German pocket battleship Admiral Graf Spee took place in Punta del Este, 200 km from Montevideo. After the Battle of the River Plate with the British navy on December 13, 1939, the Graf Spee retreated to Montevideo's port, which was considered neutral then. To avoid risking the crew in what he thought would be a losing battle, Captain Hans Langsdorff scuttled the ship on December 17. Langsdorff committed suicide two days later. On 10 February 2006, the eagle figurehead of the Admiral Graf Spee was recovered [3]. To protect the feelings of those still sensitive to Nazi Germany, the swastika on the figurehead was covered as it was pulled from the water. Montevideo, Independence Plaza, c. ... Montevideo, Independence Plaza, c. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Pocket battleship is an English language term for a class of warships built by German Reichsmarine in accordance with restrictions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. ... Admiral Graf Spee was a Deutschland class heavy cruiser which served with the Kriegsmarine of Germany during World War II. Originally classified as an armored ship (Panzerschiff), she was later reclassified as a heavy cruiser, and was referred to as a pocket battleship by the British. ... Combatants Germany United Kingdom New Zealand Commanders Hans Langsdorff Henry Harwood Strength 1 heavy cruiser 1 heavy cruiser 2 light cruisers Casualties 1 heavy cruiser damaged 36 dead 60 wounded 1 heavy cruiser heavily damaged 2 light cruisers damaged 72 dead 28 wounded For other uses, see The Battle of... This article is about the navy of the United Kingdom. ... is the 347th day of the year (348th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kapitän zur See Hans Wilhelm Langsdorff (March 20, 1894 – December 19, 1939) was a German naval officer, most famous for his command of the Panzerschiff (pocket battleship) Admiral Graf Spee during the Battle of the River Plate. ... December 17 is the 351st day of the year (352nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 41st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Since 2005 the Mayor of Montevideo (styled Intendente Municipal in Spanish) has been Ricardo Ehrlich, of the Frente Amplio (Broad Front), gaining 61% of the vote in the Mayoral elections, beating Pedro Bordaberry of the Partido Colorado, who scored 27%. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Ricardo Ehrlich (1948-) is a Uruguayan political figure. ... The Broad Front (Frente Amplio in Spanish, also known as Encuentro Progresista) is a Uruguayan political party. ... Pedro Bordaberry is a Uruguayan political figure. ... Flag of the Party The Colorado Party (Spanish: Partido Colorado) is a political party in Uruguay. ...


Growth/economy

Montevideo began as a minor settlement. In 1860, Montevideo had a population of 37,787. By 1884, the population had grown to 104,472, including many immigrants. 1860 is the leap year starting on Sunday. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


During the mid-20th century, military dictatorship and economic stagnation caused a decline whose residual effects are still seen today. Many rural poor flooded the city, with a large concentration in Ciudad Vieja. A military dictatorship is a form of government wherein the political power resides with the military; it is similar but not identical to a stratocracy, a state ruled directly by the military. ... Economic stagnation, often called simply stagnation is a prolonged period of slow economic growth (traditionally measured in terms of the GDP growth). ...


Recently, economic recovery and stronger trade ties with Uruguay's neighbours have led to renewed agricultural development and hopes for greater future prosperity.


As of 2004, the city has a population of 1.35 million out of a total of 3.43 million in the country as a whole.[1] The greater metropolitan area has 1.8 million people. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Montevideo is served by Carrasco International Airport. Carrasco International Airport (IATA: MVD, ICAO: SUMU) is the largest airport in Uruguay. ...

Panorama of Montevideo. Taken from the Torre Antel Torre de las Telecomunicaciones. The Salvo Palace is visible on the far right.

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2761x569, 216 KB) Summary Panorama of Montevideo, Uruguay. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2761x569, 216 KB) Summary Panorama of Montevideo, Uruguay. ...

World City Formation

The city shows "some evidence" of world city formation. London New York City Paris Tokyo A global city (also known as a world city or world-class city) is a city with a somewhat subjective set of traits, some of which are listed below. ...


Neighbourhoods

Main article: Neighbourhoods of Montevideo

Map of Montevideo Montevideo has 59 neighbourhoods, Ciudad Vieja being the oldest of them. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1155x838, 58 KB) Summary Map of Montevideo, Uruguay. ...

  1. Ciudad Vieja
  2. Centro
  3. Barrio Sur
  4. Aguada
  5. Villa Muñoz
  6. Cordón
  7. Palermo
  8. Parque Rodó
  9. Tres Cruces
  10. La Comercial
  11. Larrañaga
  12. La Blanqueada
  13. Parque Batlle, Villa Dolores
  14. Pocitos
  15. Punta Carretas
  16. Unión
  17. Buceo
  18. Malvín
  19. Malvín Norte
  20. Parque Guaraní, Las Canteras
  1. Punta Gorda
  2. Carrasco
  3. Carrasco Norte
  4. Bañados de Carrasco
  5. Flor de Maroñas
  6. Maroñas
  7. Villa Española
  8. Ituzaingó
  9. Pérez Castellanos
  10. Mercado Modelo, Bolivar
  11. Brazo Oriental
  12. Jacinto Vera, La Figurita
  13. Reducto
  14. Capurro, Bella Vista
  15. Prado
  16. Atahualpa
  17. Peñarol
  18. Belvedere
  19. La Teja
  20. Tres Ombúes, Pueblo Victoria
  1. Cerro, La Paloma
  2. Casabó, Pajas Blancas
  3. Paso de la Arena
  4. Nuevo París
  5. Conciliación
  6. Sayago
  7. Piedras Blancas
  8. Colón Centro y Noroeste
  9. Lezica, Melilla
  10. Colón Sudeste, Abayubá
  11. Manga, Toledo Chico
  12. Casavalle
  13. Cerrito
  14. Las Acacias
  15. Jardines del Hipódromo
  16. Lavalleja, 40 Semanas
  17. Manga
  18. Punta de Rieles, Bella Italia
  19. Villa García, Manga Rural

The Gateway of Ciudadela Ciudad Vieja (Old City) is the name of the oldest part of the city of Montevideo, capital city of Uruguay. ... Centro is the downtown neighbourhood of Montevideo, Uruguay. ... Aguada is a town and municipality of the Santander Department in northeastern Colombia. ... A vibrant and upscale beach neighborhood in Uruguays capital city of Montevideo. ... Carrasco is a neighborhood in the capital city of Uruguay, Montevideo. ... Lowlands in the delta of arroyo Carrasco, were dried to create a large park. ... Maroñas is one of the neighbourhoods of Montevideo. ... Brazo Oriental is a neigbourhood of Montevideo, the capital of Uruguay. ... Prado is a neighborhood in the northern parts of Montevideo. ... El Departamento de Lavalleja es un departmento de Uruguay. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (4525x865, 3104 KB) Summary Montevideo Pocitos Beach (Ing. ...

Image File history File linksMetadata Playa_Pocitos. ...

Education

Categories: | | ... The quality of this article or section may be compromised by peacock terms. You can help Wikipedia by removing peacock terms. ... The University of the Republic (Spanish: Universidad de la República) is Uruguays public university. ... ORT Uruguay (Spanish: ) is Uruguays largest private university. ... Lycée Français (French lyceum) is the name given to a private school belonging to a network of over 400 schools worldwide. ...

Sports

Montevideo hosted all the matches of the 1st FIFA World Cup in 1930. Uruguay won the tournament by defeating Argentina 4-2, and later in 1950 defeated heavy favored hosts Brazil 2-1, achieving its second World Cup Championship. Uruguay also won several olympic medals in soccer including 2 gold medals, and has won the most "Copa America" tournaments, the world's second most prestigious tournament after the World Cup (tied with Argentina at 14 wins). Its Estadio Centenario is considered a temple of world football. The city is home to two of the most important South American football clubs: Nacional and Peñarol. Consistently since its early successes, Uruguayan footballers have been among the worlds best, recently producing such soccer greats as Diego Forlan, Paolo Montero and Alvaro Recoba, and currently exports many world class players to the European leagues, a surprising feat when considering the population of just over 3 million is a small fraction of most other South American countries. The 1930 FIFA World Cup was the first football World Cup tournament ever staged. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1950 Football World Cup is the only one which never had a single final match. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... Estadio Centenario Estadio Centenario is a stadium in Montevideo, Uruguay (34. ... Club Nacional de Football is a traditional Uruguayan sports club, best known for its football team, based in Montevideo and founded in May 14, 1899. ... Club Atlético Peñarol is a famous football team in Montevideo, Uruguay. ... Diego Forlan (born May 19, 1979) is a Uruguayan footballer. ... Paolo Montero (born September 3, 1971 in Montevideo) is a central defender with Penarol of Uruguay and the Uruguayan national team. ... Alvaro Alexander Recoba Rivero (born March 17, 1976 in Montevideo) is a Uruguayan soccer player. ...


There is strong world-wide sentiment that the centennial anniversary FIFA World Cup tournament to be held in 2030, be played at least in part in Uruguay, namely in the Centenario Stadium which was built specifically as the inaugurational stadium for the tournament of 1930, and fittingly translates to "The Centennial Stadium".


Sites of interest

Estadio Centenario For the Colombian stadium of the same name, see Estadio Centenario (Armenia, Colombia). ... Palacio Salvo, Montevideo, Uruguay. ... Torre de las Telecomunicaciones (Telecommunication Tower) or Torre Antel (Antel Tower) is a 158 metre tall building with 35 floors in Montevideo, Uruguay. ... Solis Theatre is the name of Uruguays oldest theatre. ... The Legislative Palace (Spanish: Palacio Legislativo) is the name of the working place of the General Assembly of Uruguay. ... Catedral Metropolitana, or Metropolitan Cathedral, can refer to several cathedrals including: Guadalajara Cathedral Mexico City Metropolitan Cathedral Rio de Janeiro Cathedral Catedral Metropolitana de San Salvador See also: Metropolitan Cathedral Metropolitan bishop Category: ... The Montevideo Cabildo (Spanish language: Cabildo de Montevideo) is the public building in Montevideo that was used as the government house during the colonial times of the Viceroyalty of the River Plate. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... For other uses, see Buenos Aires (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Rosario is the largest city in the province of Santa Fe, Argentina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... La Plata is the capital city of the province of Buenos Aires, Argentina, as well as of the partido of La Plata. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Nickname: Motto: A cidade sorriso (The smiley city) Location of Curitiba Country Region State Paraná Founded 29 March 1693 Incorporated 1842 Government  - Mayor Carlos Alberto Richa (PSDB) Area  - City 430. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... For other uses, see Bogotá (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... Location Location of Cádiz Coordinates : Time Zone : General information Native name Cádiz (Spanish) Spanish name Cádiz Postal code – Website http://www. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ... This article is about the Spanish capital. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For other uses, see Montevideo (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Miami redirects here. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... {{Canadian City/Disable Field={{{Disable Motto Link}}}}} Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use) Ville de Québec, Québec, Canada Location. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Tsingtao redirects here. ... PRC is a common abbreviation for: Peoples Republic of China Palestinian Red Crescent Popular Resistance Committees This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Russia. ... Saint Petersburg (Russian: Санкт-Петербу́рг, English transliteration: Sankt-Peterburg), colloquially known as Питер (transliterated Piter), formerly known as Leningrad (Ленингра́д, 1924–1991) and...

References

  1. ^ Article from the Uruguayan newspaper La Repíblica (Spanish)
  2. ^ Article from the Café (Spanish)
  3. ^ Admiral Graff Von Spee is recovered at BBC.co.uk

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Montevideo travel guide - Wikitravel (1345 words)
Montevideo is the pleasant capital city of Uruguay, a country in South America.
The Buquebus station, with convenient boat shuttles between Buenos Aires, Colonia, and Montevideo, is on the west side of the city.
It reads "Honouring diversity is honouring life; Montevideo is for the respect of all identities and sexual orientations".
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Montevideo (499 words)
Montevideo may be mentioned the cathedral, begun in 1803, completed and restored in 1905; and the Jesuit, Redemptorist, and Franciscan
Santiago; in 1807 it was captured by the British; in 1828 it became the capital of the republic; from 1842 to 1851 it withstood the nine years' siege by Oribe and his Argentine allies.
Montevideo has within recent years grown to be one of the seven greatest seaports in the world (see URUGUAY).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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