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Encyclopedia > Monteriggioni
Monteriggioni

Municipal coat of arms
Country Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Province of Siena (SI)
Mayor Bruno Valentini
  Liste Civiche (centre-left)
  elected:2004-06-13
Elevation 200 m
Area 99 km²
Population
 - Total (as of 2004-12-31) 8,168
 - Density 80/km²
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 43°24′N, 11°13′E
Gentilic monteriggionesi
Dialing code 0577
Postal code 53035
Frazioni Abbadia a Isola, Badesse, Basciano, Belverde, Castellina Scalo, Ceppo, Colonna di Monteriggioni, Fontebecci, Quercegrossa, Riciano, Santa Colomba, Scorgiano, Stomennano, Strove, Uopini
Patron Maria S.ma Assunta
 - Day 15 August

Location of Monteriggioni in Italy
Website: www.comune.monteriggioni.si.it/

Monteriggioni is a commune in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany. It borders on the communes of Casole d'Elsa, Castellina in Chianti, Castelnuovo Berardenga, Colle di Val d'Elsa, Poggibonsi, Siena and Sovicille. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Tuscany (Italian: ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... Siena (Italian: Provincia di Siena) is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... The Assumption has been a subject of Christian art for centuries. ... is the 227th day of the year (228th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links Italy_Regions_220px_(including_Pelagie_Islands). ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 159 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 159 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Siena (Italian: Provincia di Siena) is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy. ... Tuscany (Italian: ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Valentina Feti (since June 2004) Elevation 417 m Area 148. ... The entrance of the Via delle Volte. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 351 m Area 177. ... Panorama of Colle di Val dElsa. ... Poggibonsi is a town in Tuscany. ... Piazza del Campo Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 265 m Area 143. ...


Sitting on a small natural hillock, this completely walled medieval town in the Siena Province of Tuscany was built in the 13th century by the overlords of Siena to command the Cassia Road running through the Val d'Elsa and Val Staggia just to the west of Monteriggioni. Today, the town of Monteriggioni is the principal center in the modern Comune of Monteriggioni which encompasses 19.49 square kilometers in the area around the town. Distances from other major towns and cities are: Siena 15 km; Volterra - 39 km; Florence 50 km; Pisa 157 km; Lucca - 123 km; Arezzo - 121 km; Rome - 250 km Piazza del Campo Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... Piazza del Campo Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... A view of Volterra. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... Leaning Tower of Pisa. ... Chrono Trigger character, see Lucca (Chrono Trigger). ... Arezzo (Latin Arretium) is an old city in central Italy, capital of the province of the same name, located in Tuscany. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5...


Except for some work done in the 16th century, very little work has been done to Monteriggioni's walls or buildings since they were first erected. So, Monteriggioni's walls and the buildings that make up the town within are the best preserved example of their kind in all of Italy, so it is not surprising that it attracts busses full of tourists, but also architects, and medieval historians and archaeologists.


The town served as a defensive fortification that played a vital role in the on-going conflicts between Siena and Florence during the Middle Ages when Florence was driving hard to increase its territory. Over the years, Monteriggioni successfully withstood many attacks from the Fiorentini and a few from forces under the command of the Bishop of Volterra which also asserted dominion over the area).


What Florence could not do by force, it ultimately achieved by guile. The Sienese had placed control of the town's garrison in the hands of Giovannino Zeti, who had been exiled from Florence. Reconciling with the Medicis in 1554, in what is known in Monteriggioni as the "great betrayal", he simply handed the keys of the town over to the Medicean forces. The Medici family was a powerful and influential Florentine family during the Renaissance, whose wealth and influence initially derived from the textile trade guided by the guild of the Becoming first bankers, and later politicians, clergy and nobles, the Medici attained their greatest prominence during the 15th through 17th centuries...


The more or less circular walls with a total length of about 570 meters were built between 1213 and 1219, following the natural contours of the hill. There are fourteen towers on square bases set at equidistance, and two portals or gates. One gate, the Porta Fiorentina opens toward Florence to the north, and the other, the Porta Romana, faces Rome to the south. The main street within the walls connects the two gates in a more or less straight line.


The main piazza, the Piazza Roma, is dominated by a Romanesque church with a simple, plain facade. Other houses, some in the Renaissance style, once owned by local nobles, gentry and wealthy merchants facing into the piazza. Off the main piazza smaller streets give way to public gardens fronted by the other houses and small businesses of the town. Back in more hostile times, these gardens provided vital sustenance when enemies gathered without. South transept of Tournai Cathedral, Belgium, 12th century. ...


The Tuscan poet Dante used the turrets of Monterrigioni to evoke the sight of the ring of giants encircling the Infernal abyss. DANTE is also a digital audio network. ... // Inferno means a large fire in general or hell in particular; it derives from Latin infernus, meaning hell, underworld ( beneath). ...

però che, come su la cerchia tonda
Montereggion di torri si corona,
così la proda che 'l pozzo circonda

torreggiavan di mezza la persona
li orribili giganti, cui minaccia
Giove del cielo ancora quando tuona.

Dante Alighieri, Inferno canto XXXI, lines 40-45 Dante in a fresco series of famous men by Andrea del Castagno, ca. ... // Inferno means a large fire in general or hell in particular; it derives from Latin infernus, meaning hell, underworld ( beneath). ...

     As with circling round
Of turrets, Montereggion crowns his walls;
E’en thus the shore, encompassing the abyss,
Was turreted with giants, half their length
Uprearing, horrible, whom Jove from heaven
Yet threatens, when his muttering thunder rolls.

—as translated by Henry Francis Cary during the years 1805–1844 Henry Francis Cary (December 6, 1772 - August 14, 1844) was an English author and translator. ...

Modern day artists are just as impressed: Monteriggioni, so evocative of the Medieval period, has been featured in a number of films and television commercials. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ...


Modern visitors arriving at night will be amazed my the way the town seems to float above the valley because its hillside walls and towers are lit from below with a lovely golden light.


External links


Coordinates: 43°23′N, 11°14′E Tuscany (Italian: ) is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Siena (Italian: Provincia di Siena) is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Provincia_di_Siena-Stemma. ... Abbadia San Salvatore is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 110 km southeast of Florence and about 60 km southeast of Siena. ... Asciano is a town of Tuscany, in the province of Siena, 30km SE of the town of Siena by rail. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 147 m Area 64. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Valentina Feti (since June 2004) Elevation 417 m Area 148. ... The entrance of the Via delle Volte. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 351 m Area 177. ... Castiglione dOrcia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 90 km southeast of Florence and about 40 km southeast of Siena. ... Cetona is a town and comune in the province of Siena, Tuscany. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 475 m Area 36. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 564 m Area 142. ... Chiusi (Latin: Clusium; Etruscan: Clevsin; Umbrian: Camars) is a town and comune in Siena province, Tuscany. ... Panorama of Colle di Val dElsa. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 360 m Area 129. ... Montalcino is a hilltown and comune in Tuscany, Italy. ... Montepulciano is a town and commune in the province of Siena, in Central Tuscany (Italy) on a high limestone ridge. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 161 m Area 105. ... Monticiano is a town in Tuscany, Italy, administratively part of the Province of Siena. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 294 m Area 115. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 772 m Area 69. ... Pienza, a town and commune in the province of Siena, in the Val dOrcia in Tuscany (central Italy), between the towns of Montepulciano and Montalcino, is the touchstone of Renaissance urbanism. ... Poggibonsi is a town in Tuscany. ... Radda in Chianti is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 35 km southeast of Florence and about 15 km north of Siena. ... Radicofani is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located in the natural park of Valdorcia about 110 km southeast of Florence and about 60 km southeast of Siena. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 509 m Area 132. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 334 m Area 83. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 582 m Area 91. ... San Gimignano is a small walled medieval hilltop town in Tuscany, Italy, about a 35-minute drive northwest of Siena or southwest of Florence. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 310 m Area 66. ... The Collegiata in San Quirico dOrcia San Quirico dOrcia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 80 km southeast of Florence and about 35 km southeast of Siena inside the Valdorcia landscape. ... Sarteano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 100 km southeast of Florence and about 60 km southeast of Siena. ... Piazza del Campo Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... Sinalunga is a town and commune in the province of Siena, in the Tuscany region of Italy. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 265 m Area 143. ... Torrita di Siena is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 80 km southeast of Florence and about 40 km southeast of Siena. ... Trequanda is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 70 km southeast of Florence and about 30 km southeast of Siena. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


 
 

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