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Encyclopedia > Monterey, California
Monterey, California
Old Fisherman's Wharf, Monterey, California nickname = The Cradle of History, Language Capital of the World,California's "First" City
Old Fisherman's Wharf, Monterey, California

nickname = The Cradle of History,
Language Capital of the World,
California's "First" City
Monterrey is a city in Nuevo León, Mexico. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 1. ...


Flag
Location of Monterey, California
Location of Monterey, California
Coordinates: 36°36′0″N 121°53′26″W / 36.6, -121.89056
Country United States
State California
County Monterey
Government
 - Mayor Chuck Della Sala
Area
 - City  11.7 sq mi (30.4 km²)
 - Land  8.4 sq mi (21.9 km²)
 - Water  3.3 sq mi (8.5 km²)
Elevation  26 ft (8 m)
Population (2005)
 - City 30,641
 - Density 3,631.2/sq mi (1,402/km²)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 - Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
Area code(s) 831
Median Home Value US$775,000[1] (Sept. 2007)
GNIS feature ID 1659762
Website: http://www.monterey.org/

The City of Monterey is located on Monterey Bay along the Pacific coast in central California. As of 2005, the city population was 30,641. The city is noted for its rich history of resident artists beginning in the late 1800s and its historically famed fishery. Monterey is home to the Naval Postgraduate School, the Defense Language Institute, the Monterey Institute of International Studies, the former Fort Ord, part of which is now the site of California State University Monterey Bay; Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center, the Monterey Bay Aquarium, the Monterey American Viticultural Area; Cannery Row, Fisherman's Wharf and a Marine Mammal Center field station located in the area. It is from Monterey that the semi-hard cheese known as Monterey Jack originated. Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The U.S. state of California is divided into 58 counties. ... Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... To help compare different orders of magnitude and geographical regions, we list here areas between 100 km² and 1000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Look up city, City in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... PST is UTC-8 The Pacific Standard Time Zone (PST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) resulting in UTC-8. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... PDT is UTC-7 The Pacific Time Zone observes standard time by subtracting eight hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-8). ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Telephone area code 831 consists of Salinas, Hollister, Monterey, Santa Cruz and northern Central Coast, California. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... A view of Monterey Bay Monterey Bay is a bay of the Pacific Ocean, on the coast of California, south of San Francisco. ... “Pacific” redirects here. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... A fishery (plural: fisheries) is an organized effort by humans to catch fish or other aquatic species, an activity known as fishing. ... The Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, United States is a graduate school operated by the United States Navy. ... Crest of the Defense Language Institute The Defense Language Institute (DLI) is a United States Department of Defense (DoD) educational and research institution, which provides linguistic and cultural instruction to the Department of Defense, other Federal Agencies and numerous and varied other customers. ... The Monterey Institute of International Studies (its acronym is MIIS) is a graduate school in Monterey, California, United States, that specializes in programs in international relations, international business, and translation and interpretation. ... Fort Ord Fort Ord Fort Ord was a U.S. Army post on Monterey Bay in California. ... California State University, Monterey Bay, in the California State University system, is located in the city of Seaside, California, on the Monterey Peninsula. ... The Fleet Numerical Meteorology and Oceanography Center (or FNMOC), known prior to 1995 as the Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center (FNOC), is a meteorological and oceanographic center located in Monterey, California. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... An American Viticultural Area (AVA) is a delimited grape-growing region distinguishable by geographic features, with boundaries defined by the United States governments Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). ... Cannery Row is the waterfront street in the New Monterey section of Monterey, California (36. ... Sea Lions at the marina Fishermans Wharf is an historic wharf in Monterey, California. ... Release of rehabilitated pinnipeds into the Pacific Ocean The Marine Mammal Center is a private non-profit organization centered on rescue, rehabilitation, environmental research and education pertaining to certain species within the pinnipedia, carnivora and cetacea biological orders. ... Cheese is a solid food made from the milk of cows, goats, sheep, and other mammals. ... Wikibooks Cookbook has an article on Monterey Jack Cheese Monterey Jack is a type of semi-hard cheese using cows milk. ...

Contents

History

The Customs House

In prehistoric times the Rumsen Ohlone tribe, one of seven linguistically distinct Ohlone groups in California, inhabited the area now known as Monterey. They lived a subsistent life of hunting, fishing and gathering in what has been deduced as a biologically rich Monterey Peninsula. The most prominent archeological resources extant here are shell middens, the garbage dumps of these early peoples. We can infer from midden contents that the Rumsen Ohlone consumed mussel and abalone as the chief marine staples. The principal archaeological sites that have been mapped are located between the Monterey Bay Aquarium and the Naval Postgraduate School, within about 2000 feet (610 m) of the coastline. Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1308 KB)Customs House at Monterey, California. ... Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1308 KB)Customs House at Monterey, California. ... The Rumsen (also known as the Rumsien, San Carlos or Carmel) are one of eight divisions of the Ohlone (Coastanoan) Native American people of Northern California. ... For the college of the same name, see Ohlone College. ... Linguistics is the scientific study of language, which can be theoretical or applied. ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... Fishing is the activity of hunting for fish by hooking, trapping, or gathering. ... Biology (from Greek βίος λόγος, see below) is the branch of science dealing with the study of life. ... The Monterey Peninsula in central California is comprised of the cities of Monterey, Carmel, Pacific Grove, and the private community of Pebble Beach. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... A midden, also known as kitchen middens, is a dump for domestic waste. ... Subclasses Pteriomorpha (marine mussels) Palaeoheterodonta (freshwater mussels) Heterodonta (zebra mussels) The term mussel is used for several families of bivalve molluscs inhabiting lakes, rivers, and creeks, as well as intertidal areas along coastlines worldwide. ... Species Many, see species section. ...


First established in 1770 by Father Junípero Serra and Gaspar de Portolà, Monterey served as the capital of California from 1777 to 1849, under the flags of Spain and Mexico. Portola erected the Presidio of Monterey to defend the port against expected Russian invasion. It was also the site of the July 7, 1846, Battle of Monterey during the Mexican-American War. It was on this date that John D. Sloat, Commodore in the United States Navy, raised the U.S. flag over the Monterey Customs House and claimed California for the United States. Blessed Junípero Serra (November 24, 1713 – August 28, 1784) was a Majorcan (Spain) Franciscan friar who founded the mission chain in Alta California. ... Gaspar de Portolà i Rovira (1716 – 1784), a soldier, governor of Baja and Alta California (1767–1770), explorer and founder of San Diego and Monterey. ... Year 1777 (MDCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Year 1849 (MDCCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... The military has played a role in the history of the Monterey Peninsula since 1770 when a small expedition led by captain Gaspar de Portola, officially took possession for Spain of what is now central California. ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Battle of Monterey, at Monterey, California (sometimes confused with the Battle of Monterrey, in Nuevo León), was waged on July 7, 1846, during the Mexican-American War. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000... Commodore John D. Sloat John Drake Sloat (July 6, 1781 – November 28, 1867) was a commodore in the United States Navy and, in 1846, claimed California for the United States. ... USN redirects here. ... Union Jack. ...

Night life along the old Cannery Row
Night life along the old Cannery Row

In addition, many California "firsts" occurred in Monterey. These include California's first theater, brick house, publicly funded school, public building, public library, and printing press. California's first constitution was also drafted here in October 1849. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 4. ...


Monterey had long been famous for the abundant fishery in Monterey Bay. That changed in the 1950s, when the local fishery business collapsed due to overfishing. A few of the old fishermen's cabins from the early twentieth century have been preserved as they stood along Cannery Row (photo below). The famous Cannery Row has now been turned into a tourist attraction, with restaurants and shops in the historical site. It is also the location of the Monterey Bay Aquarium. In June 1967 the city was the venue of the Monterey Pop Festival. Some have dubbed Monterey "the cradle of history." the first thing that was invented was the automatic DILDO. Education grew explosively because of a very strong demand for high school and college education. ... Cannery Row is the waterfront street in the New Monterey section of Monterey, California (36. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Poster promoting the festival The Monterey International Pop Music Festival took place from June 16 to June 18, 1967. ...


Monterey has a noteworthy history as a center for California painters in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Such painters as Arthur Frank Mathews, Armin Hansen, Xavier Martinez, Rowena Meeks Abdy and Percy Gray lived or visited to pursue painting in the style of either En plein air or Tonalism. Arthur Frank Mathews (1860-1945) was an American Tonalist painter who was one of the founders of the Arts and Crafts movement. ... Armin Hansen (1886-1957), native of San Francisco, is prominent American Painter of the En plein air school, best known for his marine canvases. ... Xavier Martinez Xavier Martinez is a California Artist who flourished in the late 19th and early 20th century. ... Rowena Meeks Abdy (April 24, 1887 - August 18, 1945) was an American painter who flourished in Northern California in the early 20th century. ... Henry Percy Gray (1869-1952) was born into a San Francisco family endowed with a broad literary and artistic background. ... Claude Monet Painting by the Edge of a Wood. ... Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket James McNeill Whistler ca. ...


In addition to painters many noted authors through the years have also lived in and around the Monterey area such as John Steinbeck, Robinson Jeffers, Robert A. Heinlein, Henry Miller, Ed Ricketts, and Robert Louis Stevenson. John Ernst Steinbeck (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was one of the best-known and most widely read American writers of the 20th century. ... John Robinson Jeffers (January 10, 1887–January 20, 1962) was an American poet, known for his work about the central California coast. ... Robert Anson Heinlein (July 7, 1907 – May 8, 1988) was one of the most popular, influential, and controversial authors of hard science fiction. ... Henry Miller photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1940 Henry Valentine Miller (December 26, 1891 – June 7, 1980) was an American writer and, to a lesser extent, painter. ... Edward Flanders Robb Ricketts (May 14, 1897 - May 11, 1948) commonly known as Ed Ricketts, was an American marine biologist, ecologist, and philosopher. ... Robert Louis (Balfour) Stevenson (November 13, 1850 – December 3, 1894), was a Scottish novelist, poet, and travel writer, and a leading representative of Neo-romanticism in English literature. ...


Attractions

Colton Hall

The city is famed for its abundant sea habitat, including kelp seaweed forests, sea otters and sea lions. The large diversity of sealife draws thousands of scuba divers each year to Monterey, which is considered one of the best regions for the sport in California. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 171 KB) Summary Taken December of 2005 by Jaybeatle 01:38, 6 December 2005 (UTC). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 171 KB) Summary Taken December of 2005 by Jaybeatle 01:38, 6 December 2005 (UTC). ... Families Alariaceae Chordaceae Laminariaceae Lessoniaceae Phyllariaceae Pseudochordaceae Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... Binomial name Enhydra lutris (Linnaeus, 1758) The Sea Otter (Enhydra lutris) is a large otter native to the North Pacific, from northern Japan and Kamchatka west across the Aleutian Islands south to California. ... For other uses, see Sea Lion (disambiguation). ... Marine biology is the study of animal and plant life within saltwater ecosystems. ... Early ideas of autonomous under-water systems appear in Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea Scuba Diving is the use of independent breathing equipment to stay underwater for long periods for recreational diving and professional diving. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...


Monterey is also the location of one of the largest aquariums in North America, Monterey Bay Aquarium, and hosts several important marine science laboratories. Monterey's geographic location gives scientists access to the deep sea within hours. Just miles off the shores of Monterey is Monterey Canyon, an underwater canyon two miles (3.2 km) deep. “Aquaria” redirects here. ... Marine Science is a multidisciplinary field of study and research of ocean life and physics. ... A canyon in Monterey Bay, which is commonly explored by the scientists at the Monterey Bay Aquarium. ...


The Larkin House, a part of the Monterey State Historic Park and a National Historic Landmark, was built in the Mexican period by Thomas Oliver Larkin and is an early example of Monterey Colonial architecture. The old Custom House, the town historic district and the Royal Presidio Chapel are also National Historic Landmarks. The Cooper-Molera Adobe is a National Trust Historic Site. Monterey State Historic Park is a historic state park located in southern California. ... This article or section needs additional references or sources to improve its verifiability. ... Thomas Oliver Larkin, was the son of Thomas O. Larkin and Hannah (Cordis), and a grandson of the Deacon John Larkin who provided the horse for Paul Reveres famous ride. ... This article is about building architecture. ... The Cathedral of San Carlos Borromeo is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in Monterey, California, United States. ... The National Trust for Historic Preservation is an American member-supported organization which was founded in 1949 to support preservation of historic buildings and neighborhoods through a range of programs and activities. ...


Colton Hall, built in 1849 by Walter Colton, was originally a public school and government meeting place. It also hosted California's first constitutional convention. Today it houses a museum, while adjacent buildings serve as the seat of local government. Rev. ...


Among the many scenic sites in Monterey is a man who works at the local summer camp Camp Quien Sabe. He is known to do a remixed rendition of the song Boom-Chika-Boom, replacing the lyrics with humorous pirate antics and an obscenely large metal hook. It's simply fantastic.

Beach walkway along Monterey Bay coastline.
Beach walkway along Monterey Bay coastline.

Other well known attractions close to the city of Monterey are: Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (3264 × 2448 pixel, file size: 2. ...

Monterey is the location of the Naval Postgraduate School, Presidio of Monterey, Monterey Institute of International Studies and Monterey Peninsula College. Monterey is served by Monterey Peninsula Airport and local bus Service is provided by Monterey-Salinas Transit. “Carmel, California” redirects here. ... The Lone Cypress The 17-Mile Drive is a scenic road through Pacific Grove and Pebble Beach, California much of which hugs the Pacific coastline and passes famous golf courses and mansions of the rich and famous. ... Pebble Beach is a small town located on the Pacific coast in northern California. ... This articles section called Formula One does not cite its references or sources. ... The Monterey Institute of International Studies (its acronym is MIIS) is a graduate school in Monterey, California, United States, that specializes in programs in international relations, international business, and translation and interpretation. ... Monterey Peninsula Airport (IATA: MRY, ICAO: KMRY, FAA LID: MRY) is a regional airport located three miles (5 km) southeast of the central business district (CBD) of Monterey, a city in Monterey County, California, USA. The airport is owned by the citizens of the several municipalities that make up the... A MST Bus Monterey-Salinas Transit provides bus service within Monterey County in California. ...


Environmental features and geography

birds along a rock sea wall near the Coast Guard Station
birds along a rock sea wall near the Coast Guard Station

The city is situated on the Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary, a Federally protected ocean area extending 276 miles (444 km) along the coast. Sometimes this sanctuary is confused with the local bay which is also termed Monterey Bay. In the local Monterey Bay marine environment can be found the California sea otter, a protected species. A field station of the Marine Mammal Center is located in Monterey to support sea rescue operations in this section of the California coast. Endangered bird species in Monterey are: California clapper rail, found in salt marshes; California brown pelican and Yuma clapper rail, both found at dunes and rocky headlands. One rare mammal, the San Joaquin kit fox, is found here in oak forest and chaparral habitats. The chaparral habitat is general located on the drier slopes at the eastern part of the city and hosts such plants as manzanita, chemise and ceanothus. Additional species of interest (that is, possible candidates for endangered species) are the Salinas kangaroo rat and the silver-sided legless lizard. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2448 × 3264 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2448 × 3264 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary (MBNMS) is a Federally protected marine area offshore of Californias central coast. ... Marine is an umbrella term for things relating to the ocean, as with marine biology, marine geology, and as a term for a navy, etc. ... EPA redirects here. ... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... Trinomial name Rallus longirostris obsoletus Ridgway, 1874 The California Clapper Rail (Rallus longirostris obsoletus) is an endangered subspecies of the Clapper Rail (. It is found principally in Californias San Francisco Bay, and also in Monterey Bay and Morro Bay. ... Binomial name Pelecanus occidentalis Linnaeus, 1766 The Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) is the smallest of the eight species of pelican, although it is a large bird in nearly every other regard. ... The bay at San Sebastián, Spain A headland is an area of land adjacent to water on three sides. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Species See List of Quercus species The term oak can be used as part of the common name of any of several hundred species of trees and shrubs in the genus Quercus (from Latin oak tree), and some related genera, notably Cyclobalanopsis and Lithocarpus. ... This article is about a community of trees. ... Chaparral is a shrubland plant community found primarily in California, USA, that is shaped by a Mediterranean climate (mild, wet winters and hot dry summers) and wildfire. ... Habitat (which is Latin for it inhabits) is the place where a particular species live and grow. ... Species See text See Manzanita (album) for the Mia Doi Todd album. ... Fashionable young men in early 16th century Germany showed a lot of fine linen in a studied negligence. ... Species See text Ceanothus L., is a genus of about 50-60 species of shrubs or small trees in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae. ... Species 22, see text Kangaroo rats, genus Dipodomys, are small rodents native to North America. ... For other uses, see Lizard (disambiguation). ...


A variety of natural habitats are manifested within the city: littoral zone and sand dunes; closed cone pine forest; and Monterey Cypress habitat. During the early 1900s, Willis L. Jepson characterized the forests on the Monterey Peninsula as the "most important silva ever", and encouraged Samuel F. B. Morse of the Del Monte Properties Company to explore the possibilities of preserving the unique forest communities[1]. The dune area is also important, as it hosts the endangered species such as the vascular plants Seaside birds beak, Hickman's potentilla and Eastwoods Ericameria. The closed cone pine forest habitat is dominated by Monterey pine, Knobcone pine and Bishop pine, contains the rare Monterey manzanita; rare plants inhabiting chaparral habitat in Monterey are: Hickman's onion, Yadon's piperia (Piperia yadonii) and Sandmat manzanita. Other rare plants within Monterey are: Hutchinson's delphinium, Tidestrom lupine; Gardner's yampah and Monterey Knotweed, the latter of which may be extinct. A littoral is the region near the shoreline of a body of fresh or salt water. ... This article is about the sand formations, for other meanings see Dune (disambiguation) Mesquite Flat Dunes in Death Valley National Park In physical geography, a dune is a hill of sand built by eolian (wind-related) processes. ... For other uses, see Pine (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Cupressus macrocarpa Hartw. ... Samuel Finley Breese Morse (April 27, 1791 – April 2, 1872) was an American painter of portraits and historic scenes, the creator of a single wire telegraph system, and co-inventor, with Alfred Vail, of the Morse Code. ... Del Monte Foods (NYSE: DLM) is an American food production and distribution company based in San Francisco, California. ... The Siberian Tiger is a subspecies of tiger that are critically endangered. ... Cross section of celery stalk, showing vascular bundles, which include both phloem and xylem. ... Binomial name Potentilla hickmanii Eastw. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Pinus radiata D.Don Pinus radiata (family Pinaceae) is known in English as Monterey Pine in some parts of the world (mainly in the USA, Canada and the British Isles), and Radiata Pine in others (primarily Australia, New Zealand and Chile). ... Binomial name Pinus attenuata The Knobcone Pine (Pinus attenuata) is a tree that grows in mild climates on poor soils. ... Binomial name Pinus muricata The Bishop Pine (Pinus muricata) is a pine with a very restricted range: mostly California, USA, including some offshore islands, and a few locations in Baja California, Mexico, and always on or near the coast, from Trinidad Head in Humboldt County, California south to San Vicente... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... Piperia yadonii, also known as Yadon’s Piperia, is an endangered perennial herb, endemic to a narrow range of coastal habitat in northern Monterey County, California. ... Species See text Delphinium is a genus of about 250 species of annual, biennial or perennial flowering plants in the buttercup family Ranunculaceae, native throughout the Northern Hemisphere and also on the high mountains of tropical Africa. ... Lupine may be one of several things: Something that is like, or relating to, a wolf (Canis lupus). ... In biology and ecology, extinction is the ceasing of existence of a species or group of species. ...

Looking south from Cannery Row toward Fisherman's Wharf

The city of Monterey sits over Quaternary Alluvium soil and is in a moderate to high seismic risk zone, the principal threat being the active San Andreas Fault, which is approximately 26 miles (42 km) east. The active Monterey Bay fault which traces three miles (4.8 km) to the north and the active Palo Colorado fault resides seven miles (11.3 km) to the south. More minor potentially active faults nearby are the Berwick Canyon, Seaside, Tularcitos and Chupines faults. There is a considerable undeveloped area subject to high landslide and erosion potential in the northwestern part of the city. A maximum credible tsunami for a 100 year interval has been calculated for Monterey Bay as a nine foot (2.7 m) high wave. Sand deposits in the northern coastal area comprise the sole known mineral resources. Annual rainfall in Monterey is only 15 inches (38 cm). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 742 KB) Summary i, m hogan, took this pic in jan 06 and release all rights Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2272x1704, 742 KB) Summary i, m hogan, took this pic in jan 06 and release all rights Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Quaternary Period is the geologic time period from the end of the Pliocene Epoch roughly 1. ... Alluvium (from the Latin, alluvius, from alluere, to wash against) is soil or sediments deposited by a river or other running water. ... Seismology (from the Greek seismos = earthquake and logos = word) is the scientific study of earthquakes and the movement of waves through the Earth. ... View of the San Andreas Fault on the Carrizo Plain in central California, 35°07N, 119°39W The San Andreas Fault is a geological fault that runs a length of roughly 800 miles (1300 kilometres) through western and southern California in the United States. ... For other uses, see Tsunami (disambiguation). ...


Environmental Noise has been mapped in the city of Monterey to define principal sources and extent of population exposed to significant levels. The principal sources of noise are the Monterey Peninsula Airport, State Route 1 and major arterial streets such as Munras Avenue, Freemont Boulevard, Del Monte Boulevard, and Camino Aguajito. While most of Monterey is a quiet residential city, there are a moderate number of people exposed to aircraft noise at sound levels in excess of 60 CNEL in the northern part of the city. The most intense source is California State Highway 1 , such that the total number of residents exposed to sound levels greater than 65 CNEL live near California State Highway 1 or one of the principal arterial streets; that exposed population above 65 CNEL is approximately 1600 people. Noise pollution (or environmental noise in technical venues) is displeasing human or machine created sound that disrupts the environment. ... Monterey Peninsula Airport (IATA: MRY, ICAO: KMRY, FAA LID: MRY) is a regional airport located three miles (5 km) southeast of the central business district (CBD) of Monterey, a city in Monterey County, California, USA. The airport is owned by the citizens of the several municipalities that make up the... JUNCTION POSTMILE I-5 ORA 0. ... Aircraft noise is defined as sound produced by any aircraft on run-up, taxiing, take off, over flying or landing. ... California State Route 1, more generally known as Highway 1, or in Southern California as the Pacific Coast Highway or P.C.H., runs along the Pacific coast for most of the length of the US state of California. ...


Monterey is located at 36°36′0″N, 121°53′26″W (36.600010, -121.890605)GR1. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 30.4 km² (11.7 mi²). 21.9 km² (8.4 mi²) of it is land and 8.5 km² (3.3 mi²) of it (28.05%) is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Climate

The climate of Monterey is regulated by its proximity to the Pacific Ocean, particularly the California Current that brings cool ocean water down the coast from the north. As a result, Monterey's average high temperature ranges from around 10° Celsius (50° Fahrenheit) in winter to 24° Celsius (75° Fahrenheit) during the summer months. Average annual precipitation is around 15 inches (380 mm), with most rainfall occurring during California's wet season between November and April, while little or no precipitation falls during the summer months. During winter, snow occasionally falls in the higher elevations of the Santa Lucia Mountains and Gabilan Mountains that overlook Monterey, but snow in Monterey itself is extremely rare. A few unusual events in February 1976, March 1998, and February 2007, brought a light coating of snow to Monterey. The California Current is a Pacific Ocean current that moves south along the western coast of North America, beginning off southern British Columbia, and ending off southern Baja California. ... The Santa Lucia Mountains or Santa Lucia Range is a mountain range in coastal California, running from Monterey southeast for 170 km to San Luis Obispo. ... The Gabilan Range or Gabilan Mountains are located on the Pacific Coast Range of Californias Central Coast trending in a northwest-southeast direction along the Monterey County and San Benito County line. ...


Demographics

Monterey Harbor
Monterey Harbor

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 29,674 people, 12,600 households, and 6,476 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,357.5/km² (3,516.9/mi²). There were 13,382 housing units at an average density of 612.2/km² (1,586.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.83% White, 2.52% African American, 0.57% Native American, 7.43% Asian, 0.29% Pacific Islander, 3.91% from other races, and 4.45% from two or more races. 10.86% of the population were Hispanic. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1898 KB) Monterey, California: the harbor Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Monterey, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1898 KB) Monterey, California: the harbor Copyright © 2005 David Monniaux File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Monterey, California Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 12,600 households out of which 21.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.5% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.6% were non-families. 37.0% of all households consist of individuals and 11.0% have a lone dweller who is over 64. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.82. The age distribution is as follows: 16.6% under the age of 18, 13.1% from 18 to 24, 33.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


The median income for a household in the city was $49,109, and the median income for a family was $58,757. Males had a median income of $40,410 versus $31,258 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,133. About 4.4% of families and 7.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.5% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Arts

Monterey has a strong arts community. Museums abound in the city as do local and internationally known artists. Most notable is John Steinbeck, who lived in Monterey, nearby Pacific Grove and the city of Salinas, California. He immortalized Monterey with his novels "Cannery Row", "Tortilla Flat" and "East of Eden". Among Steinbeck's friends are some of the city's more colorful characters, including Ed Ricketts, a marine biologist and Bruce Ariss artist and theatre enthusiast. John Ernst Steinbeck (February 27, 1902 – December 20, 1968) was one of the best-known and most widely read American writers of the 20th century. ... Pacific Grove is a town in Monterey County, California, with a total population of 15,522 as of the 2000 census. ... Nickname: Location of Salinas, California Country State County Monterey Government  - Mayor Dennis Donohue Area  - City 19 sq mi (49. ... Cannery Row is the waterfront street in the New Monterey section of Monterey, California (36. ... For other uses, see Tortilla Flat (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see East of Eden (disambiguation). ... Edward Flanders Robb Ricketts (May 14, 1897 - May 11, 1948) commonly known as Ed Ricketts, was an American marine biologist, ecologist, and philosopher. ... Bruce Ariss, portrait given to long time friend Angelo Di Girolamo, by Ariss wife Jean. ...


Among the great patrons of the arts is Virginia Stanton who is immortalized for her contributions with her name on the Museum of Maritime History near Old Fisherman's Wharf. Monterey is also the home of the Thomas Kinkade National Archive. Many of Kinkade's original works can be viewed there. Sea Lions at the marina Fishermans Wharf is an historic wharf in Monterey, California. ... Kinkade with copy of his painting Heading Home presented to USO in October 2005. ...


Media

The Monterey/Salinas metro area is served by a variety of local television stations, and is the 124th largest designated market area (DMA) in the U.S. with 222,900 homes:

  • Channel 2: KOTR - (MNT) - Monterey/Salinas/Santa Cruz (Comcast Cable 11)
  • Channel 7 (cable-only): ABC 7 - (ABC) - Del Rey Oaks
  • Channel 8: KSBW - (NBC) - Salinas
  • Channel 15: KMUV - (Telemundo) - Monterey/Salinas/Santa Cruz (Simulcast of KSTS 48)
  • Channel 25: KCAH - (PBS) - Watsonville (Simulcast of San Jose's KTEH)
  • Channel 33: KDJT - (Telefutura) - Monterey
  • Channel 35: KCBA - (Fox Broadcasting Company) - Salinas
  • Channel 43: KMCE - (Azteca América) - Monterey/Salinas
  • Channel 46: KION - (CBS) - Salinas
  • Channel 67: KSMS - (Univision) - Monterey

The Monterey/Salinas area lost its American Broadcasting Company broadcast affiliate in 2000, when KNTV was purchased, and then became the NBC station for the San Francisco Oakland San Jose metropolitan area. KNTV, now known as NBC11, later moved its tower from Loma Prieta Peak to San Bruno Mountain, ceasing its coverage in Monterey. At that time, ABC reached an agreement with Comcast Cable to provide a slightly-customized feed of San Francisco ABC O&O KGO-TV for the Monterey area, branded simply as ABC 7 and occasionally referred to by the mock call letters AABC. KOTOR can refer to: King of the Ring Knights of the Old Republic Category: ... KGO-TV (ABC7) is an owned-and-operated television station of The Walt Disney Company-owned ABC, based in San Francisco, California. ... 2002 identity of the ABC Circle logo, designed by Paul Rand in 1962. ... KSBW is a television station in the United States and is the NBC affiliate for the Monterey-Salinas-Santa Cruz, CA market, with studios in Salinas. ... This article is about the television network. ... KSMS-TV is a Spanish-language television station in Monterey, California, broadcasting locally on channel 67 as an affiliate of Univisión. ... Telemundo is an American television network based in Hialeah, Florida. ... For the airport with the same ICAO airport code, see Charles M. Schulz - Sonoma County Airport. ... KTEH is a public television station in San Jose, California, serving the San Francisco Bay Area as a PBS member station on channel 54. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... KTEH is a public television station in San Jose, California, serving the San Francisco Bay Area as a PBS member station on channel 54. ... TeleFutura is a U.S. Spanish-language broadcast television network owned by Univision with headquarters in Miami, Florida. ... KCBA is a FOX affiliate for the Salinas/Monterey/Santa Cruz, CA Market. ... The Fox Broadcasting Company, usually referred to as just Fox (the company itself prefers the capitalized version FOX), is a television network in the United States. ... KMCE-LP is an Azteca América affiliate serving the vicinity of Monterey, Salinas, and Santa Cruz, California. ... Azteca América is an American Spanish language broadcasting network which is jointly-owned by the Mexican television network TV Azteca and Pappas Telecasting. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... KSMS-TV is a Spanish-language television station in Monterey, California, broadcasting locally on channel 67 as an affiliate of Univisión. ... Univision is a Spanish-language television network in the United States. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) operates television and radio networks in the United States and is also shown on basic cable in Canada. ... KNTV, channel 11, is the NBC Universal owned-and-operated television station in the San Francisco Bay Area market. ... KNTV, (NBC11) is the NBC owned-and-operated television station in the San Francisco Bay Area market. ... Loma Prieta is a Northern California mountain with elevation 3791 feet and located at approximately 37. ... San Bruno Mountain lies south of San Francisco, CA in San Mateo County. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... KGO-TV (ABC7) is an owned-and-operated television station of The Walt Disney Company-owned ABC, based in San Francisco, California. ...


Education

Primary and Secondary

The Monterey Peninsula Unified School District includes schools such as:

  • Colton K-8 School
  • Fitch Middle School
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. School
  • Monterey High School
  • Seaside High School
Private Primary and Secondary
College and Postgraduate

Monterey High School (also referred to as MHS) MHS is a high school located in the heart of historic Monterey, California on the beautiful Monterey Peninsula of Californias central coast. ... Formerly known as The York School, York School, founded in 1966, is an independent, coeducational college preparatory Episcopal day school enrolling 226 students in grades 8 through 12. ... The Monterey Institute of International Studies (its acronym is MIIS) is a graduate school in Monterey, California, United States, that specializes in programs in international relations, international business, and translation and interpretation. ... Administered by The Chancellor’s Office located in Sacramento, the California Community Colleges system consists of 109 community colleges and 72 community college districts in California. ... The Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, United States is a graduate school operated by the United States Navy. ...

Notable Residents

  • Mike Aldrete, a former American baseball player and current hitting coach for the Arizona Diamondbacks
  • Pete Incaviglia, a former American baseball player who holds the single-season NCAA home run record at 48 and RBI record at 143
  • Leon Panetta, a former American politician
  • Kirsten Carlson, illustrator of "The Giraffe that was Afraid of Heights"
  • Jackie Greene, singer-songwriter and blues musician

Michael Peter (Mike) Aldrete (born January 29, 1961 in Carmel, California) is a former utility first baseman/outfielder in Major League Baseball. ... Major league affiliations National League (1998–present) West Division (1998–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 42 Name Arizona Diamondbacks (1998–present) Other nicknames The D-backs, The Snakes Ballpark Chase Field (1998–present) a. ... Pete Incaviglia was born on April 2, 1964 in Pebble Beach, CA. He was drafted in the 1st round (8th overrall pick) by the Montreal Expos in the 1985 amateur draft out of Oklahoma State University. ... Leon Edward Panetta (born June 28, 1938) is a former White House Chief of Staff to Bill Clinton, a former member of the United States House of Representatives, and the founder and director of the Panetta Institute. ... Jackie Greene Mid-solo in Sacramento, 2005 Jackie Greene (born on November 27, 1980 in Monterey, California) is a singer-songwriter and blues musician. ...

References

  1. ^ U.S. Federal Register: August 2, 1995 (Volume 60, Number 148), Pages 39326-39337
  2. ^ Montery Peninsula College website.
  • Augusta Fink, Monterey: The Presence of the Past, Chronicle Books, San Francisco, California (1972) ISBN 0877010723
  • City of Monterey Parks and Recreation Master Plan, City of Monterey Parks and Recreation Department (1986)
  • Environmental Hazards Element, city of Monterey, A part of the General Plan, February, 1977
  • Flora and Fauna Resources: City of Monterey General Plan Technical Study, prepared for City of Monterey by Bainbridge Behrens Moore Inc., Nov. 2, 1977
  • General Plan, City of Monterey, (1980)
  • Helen Spangenberg, Yesterday's Artists of the Monterey Peninsula, Monterey museum of Art (1976)
  • Prehistoric Sources Technical Study, prepared for the city of Monterey by Bainbridge Behrens Moore Inc., May 23, 1977

The Federal Register contains most routine publications and public notices of United States government agencies. ... Simplified schematic of an islands flora - all its plant species, highlighted in boxes. ... Fauna is a collective term for animal life of any particular region or time. ... The Monterey Peninsula in central California is comprised of the cities of Monterey, Carmel, Pacific Grove, and the private community of Pebble Beach. ... Prehistory (Greek words προ = before and ιστορία = history) is the period of human history prior to the advent of writing (which marks the beginning of recorded history). ...

Gallery

http://farm2.static.flickr.com/1420/1272480544_9ba152f98a_m.jpg


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Coordinates: 36.60001° N 121.890605° W Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Monterey | Carmel | Big Sur | California | Hotels | Restaurants | Real Estate (555 words)
The charming California coastal towns surrounding the Monterey Bay — Carmel, Pacific Grove, Monterey and to the south, Big Sur — comprise a sublime stretch of beach littered with bed and breakfast nooks and high-end hotels.
Built into the Monterey Bay, the aquarium employs fresh seawater in its exhibits, painstakingly recreating the chaotic conditions found throughout the bay from the rocky shore to deep tidal pools in the abysmal, submerged Monterey Canyon.
Monterey is also home to the once-dusky cannery immortalized by John Steinbeck in "Cannery Row" nearly 75 years ago.
Monterey, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1985 words)
Monterey is home to the Naval Postgraduate School and Fleet Numerical Oceanography Center, the Defense Language Institute, the Monterey Bay Aquarium, Cannery Row, Fisherman's Wharf and a field station of the Marine Mammal Center.
Monterey is the location of the Naval Postgraduate School, Presidio of Monterey, Monterey Institute of International Studies and California State University, Monterey Bay, which is located on the former Fort Ord.
Endangered bird species in Monterey are: California clapper rail, found in salt marshes; California brown pelican and Yuma clapper rail, both found at dunes and rocky headlands.
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