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Encyclopedia > Monteiro Lobato

José Bento Monteiro Lobato (April 18, 1882 - July 4, 1948) was one of Brazil's most influential writers. April 18 is the 108th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (109th in leap years). ... 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar. ... For the United States holiday, the Fourth of July, see Independence Day (United States). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Contents

Works

Representation of Lobato with Emília ("Emily"), his creation
Representation of Lobato with Emília ("Emily"), his creation
Enlarge
Emília ("Emily"), the talking rag doll
Visconde de Sabugosa ("Viscount Corncob")
Visconde de Sabugosa ("Viscount Corncob")

Lobato was born in Taubaté, São Paulo. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1134x1616, 197 KB) Summary Desenho representando o escritor Monteiro Lobato e sua criação, a boneca Emília. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1134x1616, 197 KB) Summary Desenho representando o escritor Monteiro Lobato e sua criação, a boneca Emília. ... Image File history File links Emília1. ... Image File history File links Emília1. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (313x1247, 41 KB) Summary Visconde de Sabugosa - Personagem criado por Monteiro Lobato, escritor brasileiro. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (313x1247, 41 KB) Summary Visconde de Sabugosa - Personagem criado por Monteiro Lobato, escritor brasileiro. ... Flag Mayor Roberto de Alvarenga Peixoto Area 625,9sqkm; (IBGE — 2003) Population 244. ... Flag of São Paulo See other Brazilian States Capital São Paulo Largest City São Paulo Area 248,176. ...


He is best known for a set of educational but entertaining children's books, which comprise about half of his production. The other half, consisting of a number of novels and short tales for adult readers, was less popular but marked a watershed in Brazilian literature. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Recreation. ... Basic Characteristics There is some debate as to what constitutes childrens literature. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... See List of Brazilian writers Categories: Literature stubs | Literature by country | Brazilian literature ...


Most of his children books were set in the Sítio do Picapau Amarelo ("Yellow Woodpecker Ranch"), a small farm in the countryside, and featured the elderly ranch owner Dona Benta ("Mrs. Benta"), her two grandsons — a girl, Lúcia ("Lucy") who is always referred to only by her nickname, Narizinho ("Little Nose", because she had a turned-up nose) and a boy, Pedrinho ("Pete") — and a black servant and cook, Tia Nastácia ("Aunt Anastacia"). These real characters were complemented by entities created or animated by the children's imagination: the irreverent rag doll Emília ("Emily") and the aristocratic and learned puppet made of corncob Visconde de Sabugosa (roughly "Viscount Corncob"), the cow Mocha, the donkey Conselheiro ("Counsellor"), the pig Rabicó ("Short-Tail") and the rhinoceros Quindim ("Candy"), Saci Pererê (a black, pipe-smoking, one-legged character of Brazilian folklore) and Cuca (an evil monster invoked by Brazilian mothers at night to convince their kids to go to bed). However the adventures mostly develop elsewhere: either in fantasy worlds invented by the children, or in stories told by Dona Benta in evening sessions. These three universes are deftly intertwined so that the stories or myths told by the grandmother naturally become the setting for make-believe play, punctuated by routine farm events. The Yellow Woodpecker Ranch The Yellow Woodpecker Ranch (Sítio do Picapau Amarelo) [1] is the setting for the childrens books [2] [3] written by Brazilian writer Monteiro Lobato. ... Bales of hay on a farm near Ames, Iowa A farm is the basic unit in agriculture. ... Rural areas are sparsely settled places away from the influence of large cities and towns. ... A cook is a person that prepares food for consumption. ... A rag doll is a cloth doll, typically home-made from (and stuffed with) spare scraps of material. ... Aristocracy is a form of government in which rulership is in the hands of an upper class known as aristocrats. ... Learned redirects here. ... Wayang shadow-puppet created in Bali, in the early 20th century. ... Species Zea diploperennis Zea luxurians Zea mays ssp. ... A viscount is a member of the European nobility whose comital title ranks usually, as in the British peerage, above a baron, below an earl (in Britain) or a count (his continental equivalent). ... COW is an acronym for a number of things: Can of worms The COW programming language, an esoteric programming language. ... Binomial name Equus asinus Linnaeus, 1758 The donkey or jackass, Equus asinus, is a domesticated animal of the horse family, Equidae. ... ¡FLOATING PIGZ! ... Genera Ceratotherium Dicerorhinus Diceros Rhinoceros Coelodonta (extinct) Elasmotherium (extinct) Height Comparison of Extant Rhinoceros Species. ... The Saci is undoubtedly the most popular and bizarre character of Brazilian folklore. ... Youth with pipe, by Hendrick Jansz Terbrugghen A smoking pipe is a device used for smoking combustible substances such as tobacco and cannabis. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Stub ... Cuca (from Portuguese) is a female monster from Brazilian folklore. ... Fantasy is a genre of art that uses magic and other supernatural forms as a primary element of plot, theme, or setting. ... For the computer game, see Myth (computer game). ...


Many of these books are educational in a gentle and entertaining way, teaching things through the mouth of Mrs. Benta and by smart questions and remarks, some impertinent, some savvy, by her small and attentive audience. They addressed subjects which children normally do not like at school, such as mathematics, grammar, world history, geography, astronomy, Greek mythology, and so on. In other books, the author, who was a skeptic, a rationalist, an internationalist and had anti-war positions (but at the same time being strongly patriotic and conservative), passes his views on the world, humanity and politics to his children readers. In other books, he tells in a charming and easy to understand way the classics of literature, such as Aesop's fables, Don Quixote and Peter Pan. He created a rich crossover using elements from many sources, literature, movies, mythology and cartoons. Thus, it is quite possible that hundreds of thousands of marveled children who read his stories were influenced towards earnest study, the love of reading, serious careers and world views that reflected Lobato's. He was widely imaginative, such as in his books A Chave do Tamanho ("The Sizing Switch") and A Reforma da Natureza ("Reforming Nature"), where he speculated on the consequences of all humans suddenly decreasing in size (thus predating the motion picture Honey, I Shrunk the Kids), and on what would happen if Emily and Viscount would get hold of a scientific method to change the genes of animals and plants for rational or irrational purposes, with catastrophic results (thus, eerily predicting the current controversy on genetic engineering — this was written in 1939!). A chained book in the Bodleian Library at Oxford University A book is a collection of paper, parchment or other material with a piece of text written on them, bound together along one edge, usually within covers. ... Students in Rome, Italy. ... Euclid, Greek mathematician, 3rd century BC, known today as the father of geometry; shown here in a detail of The School of Athens by Raphael. ... Grammar is the study of rules governing the use of language. ... HIStory: Past, Present and Future – Book I is a two-disc album by Michael Jackson released in 1995 by the Epic Records division of Sony BMG. The first disc (HIStory Begins) is a fifteen-track greatest hits (later released as Greatest Hits - HIStory Volume I), while the second disc (HIStory... A giant Hubble mosaic of the Crab Nebula, a supernova remnant. ... The Oricoli bust of Zeus, King of the Gods, in the collection of the Vatican Museum. ... Skepticism (Commonwealth spelling: Scepticism) can mean: Philosophical skepticism - a philosophical position in which people choose to critically examine whether the knowledge and perceptions that they have are actually true, and whether or not one can ever be said to have absolutely true knowledge; or Scientific skepticism - a scientific, or practical... This article is not about continental rationalism. ... Internationalism is a political movement which advocates a greater economic and political cooperation between nations for the benefit of all. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Conservatism is a political philosophy that generally favors free markets, traditional values and strong foreign defense. ... Humanity refers to the human race or mankind as a whole, to that which is characteristically human, or to that which distinguishes human beings from other animals or from other animal species primal nature. ... Politics is the process by which groups make decisions. ... Old book bindings at the Merton College library. ... Aesop, as depicted in the Nuremberg Chronicle by Hartmann Schedel. ... (now usually spelled by Spanish-speakers; is an archaic spelling) (IPA: ) or (The Ingenious Hidalgo Don Quixote of La Mancha) is a novel by the Spanish author Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra. ... For other uses, see Peter Pan (disambiguation). ... A fictional crossover occurs when two or more otherwise separated fictional characters, stories, settings, universes, or media meet and interact with each other. ... hahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahahaha ... This stylistic schematic diagram shows a gene in relation to the double helix structure of DNA and to a chromosome (right). ... u fuck in ua ... Rational may be: the adjective for the state of rationality acting according to the philosophical principles of rationalism a mathematical term for certain numbers; the rational numbers the software company Rational Software; now owned by IBM, and formerly Rational Software Corporation This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid... An iconic image of genetic engineering; this autoluminograph from 1986 of a glowing transgenic tobacco plant bearing the luciferase, illustrating the possibilities of genetic engineering. ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


The children's tales were turned into widely popular TV programs, including five series of Sítio do Picapau Amarelo adventures, one in the 1950s, another two in the 1960s, another in the 1970s, and the last in the 2000s (the last one is still running on Rede Globo). Several generations of Brazilian children were hooked and educated by his marvelous stories, which seems never to lose currency. See TV (disambiguation) for other uses and Television (band) for the rock band European networks National In much of Europe television broadcasting has historically been state dominated, rather than commercially organised, although commercial stations have grown in number recently. ... The 1950s was the decade spanning from the 1st of January, 1950 to the 31st December, 1959. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... This article or section may contain original research or unverified claims. ... Rede Globo (Portuguese: Globe Network) is Brazils biggest television network and the number one producer and provider of Portuguese language television programming in the world. ...


Lobato was also an influential journalist and publisher and wrote regularly for several newspapers and magazines, and was a noted and respected art critic. In fact, he provoked a public controversy when he harshly criticized the writers, poets, painters and musicians, who, in 1922 promoted a Modern Art Week (Semana da Arte Moderna), which was also a watershed event in Brazilian culture in the 20th century. In 1919, he acquired the Revista do Brasil, one of the first Brazilian cultural magazines, and founded, in 1920, his own publishing house. Later, he helped to found and was a partner in two of the most important independent Brazilian publishing houses, the Companhia Nacional and the Editora Brasiliense. This does not cite its references or sources. ... A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ... This article is about the magazine as a published medium. ... An art critic is normally a person who have a speciality in giving reviews mainly of the types of fine art you will find on display. Typically the art critic will go to an art exhibition where works of art are displayed in the traditional way in localities especially made... The term writer can apply to anyone who creates a written work, but the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... A poet is someone who writes poetry. ... Painting by Rembrandt self-portrait Detail from Las Meninas by Diego Velazquez, in which the painter portrayed himself at work For the computer graphics program, see Corel Painter. ... A musician is a person who plays or composes music. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Cover of an exhibition catalog from the Semana de Arte Moderna, 1922. ... Brazilian culture is a Latin American culture of a very diverse nature. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... 1919 (MCMXIX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ...


Politically, Lobato was strongly in favor of a state monopoly for iron and oil exploration in Brazil and battled publicly for it between 1931 and 1939. For his libertarian views, he was arrested by the then dictatorial government of Getúlio Dornelles Vargas in 1941. This movement, called O Petróleo é Nosso (Oil Belongs to Us) was highly successful, and the same Getúlio Vargas, now a democratically elected president, created Petrobras in 1952. In economics, a monopoly (from the Latin word monopolium - Greek language monos, one + polein, to sell) is defined as a persistent market situation where there is only one provider of a product or service. ... General Name, Symbol, Number iron, Fe, 26 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 8, 4, d Appearance lustrous metallic with a grayish tinge Atomic mass 55. ... Oil Exploration is the search by petroleum geologists for hydrocarbon deposits beneath the Earths surface. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... World dictatorships. ... Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (April 19, 1882 - August 24, 1954) was the president of Brazil from 1930 to 1945 and from 1950 to his suicide in 1954. ... This article is about the year. ... Petrobras, short for Petróleo Brasileiro S.A., is a government-owned Brazilian oil company headquartered in Rio de Janeiro. ... 1952 (MCMLII) was a Leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ...


He died in São Paulo in 1948. Landmark buildings Edifício Italia (at left) and Copan (curved façade at center), in São Paulo Downtown. ...


Children books

  • A Menina do Narizinho Arrebitado (The Girl With the Turned Up Nose) (1920)
  • Reinações de Narizinho (Adventures of Little Nose) (1931)
  • Viagem ao Céu and O Saci (Voyage to the Sky and The Saci) (1932)
  • Caçadas de Pedrinho and Hans Staden (Pete's Hunting and Hans Staden) (1933)
  • História do Mundo para as Crianças (History of the World for Children) (1933)
  • Memórias da Emília and Peter Pan (Emily's Autobiography and Peter Pan) (1936)
  • Emília no País da Gramática and Aritmética da Emília (Emily in the Grammar Country and Emily's Math Book) (1934)
  • Geografia de Dona Benta (Mrs. Benta's Geography) (1935)
  • Serões de Dona Benta and História das invenções (Night Chatting Whit Mrs. Benta and Histories of Inventions) (1937)
  • D. Quixote das Crianças (D. Quixote of Children) (1936)
  • O Poço do Visconde (The Viscount's Well) (1937)
  • Histórias de tia Nastácia (Aunt Anastacia's Tales) (1937)
  • O Picapau Amarelo and A Reforma da Natureza (The Yellow Woodpecker Ranch and Reforming Nature) (1939)
  • O Minotauro (The Minotaur) (1937)
  • A Chave do Tamanho (The Size Switch) (1942)
  • Fábulas (Fables) (1942)
  • Os Doze Trabalhos de Hércules (The Twelve Trials of Hercules) (2 vols) (1944)

1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link is to a full 1931 calendar). ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... 1942 (MCMXLII) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1942 calendar). ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ...

Adult books

  • Urupês
  • Cidades Mortas
  • Negrinha
  • Idéias de Jeca Tatu
  • A Onda Verde and O Presidente Negro
  • Na Antevéspera
  • O Escândalo do Petróleo and Ferro
  • Mr. Slang e o Brasil and Problema Vital
  • América
  • Mundo da Lua and Miscelânea
  • A Barca de Gleyre (2 vols)

Collected prefaces, interviews, articles and correspondence

  • Prefácios e entrevistas
  • Literatura do Minarete (*)
  • Conferências, artigos e crônicas (*)
  • Cartas escolhidas (2 vols) (*)
  • Críticas e outras Notas (*)
  • Cartas de Amor (*)

(*) Published posthumously.


See also

The Saci is undoubtedly the most popular and bizarre character of Brazilian folklore. ...

External links

  • Monteiro Lobato's site by the Globo TV network (in Portuguese)
  • Monteiro Lobato Projeto Memória (in Portuguese)
  • The characters created by Monteiro Lobato (in Portuguese)
  • Monteiro Lobato (in Portuguese)
  • Monteiro Lobato Writer of Children's Books (English version)
  • Picture of Monteiro Lobato
  • Caricature of Monteiro Lobato and his characters
  • The characters and Lobato
  • The rag doll Emily and his creator

  Results from FactBites:
 
Monteiro Lobato - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (838 words)
Lobato is best known for a set of educational but entertaining children's books, which comprise about half of his production.
Lobato was also an influential journalist and publisher and wrote regularly for several newspapers and magazines, and was a noted and respected art critic.
Politically, Lobato was strongly in favor of a state monopoly for iron and oil exploration in Brazil and battled publicly for it between 1931 and 1939.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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