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Encyclopedia > Montana
State of Montana
Flag of Montana State seal of Montana
Flag of Montana Seal
Nickname(s): Treasure State, Big Sky Country, The Last Best Place
Motto(s): Oro y plata (Gold and silver)
Official language(s) English
Demonym Montanan
Capital Helena
Largest city Billings
Largest metro area Billings Metropolitan Area
Area  Ranked 4th in the US
 - Total 147,165 sq mi
(381,156 km²)
 - Width 255 miles (410 km)
 - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)
 - % water 1
 - Latitude 44° 21′ N to 49° N
 - Longitude 104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W
Population  Ranked 44th in the US
 - Total 997,195
 - Density 6.19/sq mi 
2.39/km² (48th in the US)
Elevation  
 - Highest point Granite Peak[1]
12,799 ft  (3,901 m)
 - Mean 3,396 ft  (1,035 m)
 - Lowest point Kootenai River[1]
1,800 ft  (549 m)
Admission to Union  November 8, 1889 (41st)
Governor Brian Schweitzer (D)
Lieutenant Governor John Bohlinger (R)
U.S. Senators Max Baucus (D)
Jon Tester (D)
Congressional Delegation Denny Rehberg (R) (list)
Time zone Mountain: UTC-7/DST-6
Abbreviations MT US-MT
Website www.mt.gov

Montana (IPA: /mɒnˈtænə/) is a state in the Pacific Northwest and Great Plains regions of the United States of America. Montana, along with North Dakota, is the most remote state outside of Alaska: fewer than 3% of America's population is within a day's drive, as opposed to 50% in Ohio[citation needed]. The central and western thirds of the state have numerous mountain ranges (approximately 77 named) of the northern Rocky Mountains; thus the state's name, derived from the Spanish word montaña 'mountain.' The state nickname is the "Treasure State." Other nicknames include "Land of Shining Mountains", "Big Sky Country", and the slogan "the last best place". The state ranks fourth in area, but 44th in population, and therefore has the third lowest population density in the United States. The economy is primarily based on agriculture and significant lumber and mineral extraction.[citation needed] Tourism is also important to the economy, with millions of visitors a year to Glacier National Park, the Battle of Little Bighorn site, and three of the five entrances to Yellowstone National Park. Montana is most commonly associated with Montana, one of the US states. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Montana. ... Montana state seal Source http://usa. ... State flag of Montana The flag of Montana consists of the image of the Montana state seal centered on a blue field. ... The Montana State Seal was adopted in 1865, when Montana was a United State Territory. ... This is a list of U.S. state nicknames -- both official and traditional (official state nicknames are in bold). ... Here is a list of state mottos for the states of the United States. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_MT.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Montana ... The United States does not have an official language, but English is spoken by about 82% of the population as a native language. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Nickname: Location in Lewis and Clark County, Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Lewis and Clark Founded October 30, 1864 Government  - Mayor James E. Smith Area  - Total 14. ... Motto: Star of the Big Sky Country Location in Montana Location of the state of Montana in the United States Coordinates: , Country State County Yellowstone Founded 1877 Incorporated 1882 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Ronald Tussing  - city Admin. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... The Billings Metropolitan Area is an area in South Central Montana that includes the cities of Laurel, Lockwook, Shepherd & Huntley Metro population: 144,472 Categories: | | ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... This is a complete list of the states of the United States ordered by total area, land area, and water area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... “km” redirects here. ... “49th parallel” redirects here. ... Map of states populations (2007) This is a list of states of the United States by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of July 1, 2007, according to the 2007 estimates of the United States Census Bureau. ... Map of states showing population density This is a list of the 50 U.S. states, ordered by population density. ... This is a list of United States states by elevation. ... Granite Peak is the highest point in the state of Montana, USA. It lies within the Absaroka-Beartooth Wilderness, in Park County very near the borders of Stillwater County and Carbon County. ... The Kootenay River (spelled Kootenai River for its American portions) is the uppermost major tributary of the Columbia River, flowing through British Columbia, Montana and Idaho. ... The order which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order that the others were admitted to the union This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Brian David Schweitzer (born September 4, 1955) is an American politician from the U.S. state of Montana. ... This is a complete and current List of United States Lieutenant Governors. ... John Bohlinger is the current Lieutenant Governor of Montana. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Max Sieben Baucus (b. ... Jonathan Jon Tester (born August 21, 1956) is the Democratic Senator-elect from Montana. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... Dennis R. Denny Rehberg (born October 5, 1955) is an American politician who has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 2001, representing Montana at-large (map). ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Montana to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... Map of U.S. time zones with new CST and EST areas displayed This is a list of United States of America States by time zone. ... MST is UTC-7 The Mountain Standard Time Zone (MST) is a geographic region that keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), resulting in UTC-7. ... ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The following is a list of abbreviations used by the United States Postal Service. ... U.S. states This is a list of traditional abbreviations for U.S. states and territorries, which were in wide use prior to the U.S. postal abbreviations. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... The Pacific Northwest from space The Pacific Northwest, abbreviated PNW, or PacNW is a region in the northwest of North America. ... For other uses, see Great Plains (disambiguation). ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Official language(s) English Demonym North Dakotan Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th in the US  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill roni Lumber or timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use — from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use — as structural material for... For other uses, see Mineral (disambiguation). ... Tourist redirects here. ... For the non-adjoining national park by the same name in British Columbia, see Glacier National Park (Canada). ... The Battle of the Little Bighorn, also called Custers Last Stand, was an engagement between a Lakota-Cheyenne combined force and the 7th Cavalry of the United States Army that took place on June 25, 1876 near the Little Bighorn River in the eastern Montana Territory. ... Yellowstone redirects here. ...

Contents

Geography

With a land area of 145,552 square miles (376,978 km²) the state of Montana is the fourth largest in the United States (after Alaska, Texas, and California). To the north, Montana and Canada share a 545 mile (877 km) border. The state borders the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, and Saskatchewan, more provinces than any other state. To the east, the state borders North Dakota and South Dakota. To the south is Wyoming and to the west and southwest is Idaho. For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Canada and the United States of America share the longest common border among any two countries that is not militarized or actively patrolled. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Saskatchewan (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Demonym North Dakotan Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th in the US  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Official language(s) English Demonym South Dakotan Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th in the US  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... For other uses, see Idaho (disambiguation). ...


The topography of the state is diverse, but roughly defined by the Continental Divide, which runs on an approximate diagonal through the state from northwest to south-central, splitting it into two distinct eastern and western regions. Montana is well known for its mountainous western region, part of the northern Rocky Mountains. However, about 60% of the state is actually prairie, part of the northern Great Plains. Nonetheless, even east of the Continental Divide and the Rocky Mountain Front, there are a number of isolated "Island Ranges" that dot the prairie landscape. A continental divide is a line of elevated terrain which forms a border between two watersheds such that water falling on one side of the line eventually travels to one ocean or body of water, and water on the other side travels to another, generally on the opposite side of... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Great Plains (disambiguation). ... A continental divide is a line of elevated terrain which forms a border between two watersheds such that water falling on one side of the line eventually travels to one ocean or body of water, and water on the other side travels to another, generally on the opposite side of... Chief Mountain in Glacier National Park is a prominent peak along the Rocky Mountain Front The Rocky Mountain Front is an area extending over 100 miles (160 km) from the central regions of the U.S. state of Montana to southern Alberta, Canada. ...

Map of Montana
Map of Montana

The Bitterroot Mountains divide the state from Idaho to the west with the southern third of the range blending into the Continental Divide. Mountain ranges between the Bitterroots and the top of the Continental Divide include the Cabinet Mountains, the Missions, the Garnet, Sapphire, Flint Creek, and Pintlar ranges. The Bitterroot Range is a range of mountains along the Montana and United States. ...


The northern section of the Divide, where the mountains give way rapidly to prairie, is known collectively as the Rocky Mountain Front and is most pronounced in the Lewis Range located primarily in Glacier National Park. Due to the configuration of mountain ranges in Glacier National Park, the Northern Divide (which begins in Alaska's Seward Peninsula) crosses this region and turns east in Montana at Triple Divide Peak. Thus, the Waterton, Belly, and Saint Mary rivers flow north into Alberta, Canada, joining the Saskatchewan River and ultimately emptying into Hudson Bay. Chief Mountain in Glacier National Park is a prominent peak along the Rocky Mountain Front The Rocky Mountain Front is an area extending over 100 miles (160 km) from the central regions of the U.S. state of Montana to southern Alberta, Canada. ... Mount Cleveland is the highest peak in the Lewis Range The Lewis Range is a mountain range located in the Rocky Mountains of northern Montana, U.S. and extreme southern Alberta, Canada. ... For the non-adjoining national park by the same name in British Columbia, see Glacier National Park (Canada). ... Continental divides in North America. ... The Seward Peninsula is a large peninsula in western Alaska. ... Triple Divide Peak (8020 ft/2444 m) is located in Glacier National Park, Montana, United States. ... The Saskatchewan River (Cree: kisiskāciwani-sÄ«piy, swift flowing river)is a major river in Canada, approximately 550 km (340 mi) long, flowing roughly eastward across Saskatchewan and Manitoba to drain into Lake Winnipeg. ... New York Harbor, the outflow for Hudson River, is sometimes called Hudsons Bay. Hudson Bay, Canada. ...


East of the Divide, several parallel ranges march across the southern half of the state, including the Gravelly Range, the Tobacco Roots, the Madison Range, Gallatin Range, Big Belt Mountains, Bridger Mountains, Absaroka Mountains, and the Beartooth Mountains. The Beartooth Plateau is the largest continuous land mass over 10,000 feet (3,000 m) in the lower 48 states and contains the highest point in the state, Granite Peak, 12,799 feet (3,901 m) high. The Gallatin Range is located in the U.S. states of Montana and Wyoming and includes more than 10 mountains over 10,000 feet (3,048 m). ... The Bridger Mountains may refer to: The Bridger Mountains in central Wyoming in the United States. ... The Absaroka Range is shown highlighted on a map of North America The Absaroka Range is a mountain range, a sub-range on the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains stretching for about 150 mi (240 km) across the Montana-Wyoming border, and forming the eastern boundary of Yellowstone National... The Bears Tooth in the Beartooth Mountains The Beartooth Mountains are located in south central Montana, U.S. and are part of the 900,000 acre (3,600 km²) Absaroka-Beartooth Wilderness, within Custer and Gallatin National Forests. ... Granite Peak is the highest point in the state of Montana, USA. It lies within the Absaroka-Beartooth Wilderness, in Park County very near the borders of Stillwater County and Carbon County. ...

St. Mary Lake in Glacier National Park
St. Mary Lake in Glacier National Park

Between the mountain ranges are many scenic valleys, rich in agricultural resources and rivers, and possessing multiple opportunities for tourism and recreation. Among the best-known areas are the Flathead Valley, Bitterroot Valley, Big Hole Valley, and Gallatin Valley. Wild Goose Island Overlook at Glacier National Park File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Wild Goose Island Overlook at Glacier National Park File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... State nickname: Treasure State Other U.S. States Capital Helena Largest city Billings Governor Brian Schweitzer Official languages English Area 381,156 km² (4th)  - Land 377,295 km²  - Water 3,862 km² (1%) Population (2000)  - Population 902,194 (44th)  - Density 2. ... The Gallatin River The Gallatin River is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately 120 mi (193 km long), in the U.S. states of Wyoming and Montana. ...


East and north of this transition zone are expansive sparsely populated Northern Plains, with rolling tableland prairies, "island" mountain ranges, and scenic badlands extending into the Dakotas, Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Wyoming. The isolated island ranges east of the Divide include the Castle Mountains, Crazy Mountains, Little Belt Mountains, Snowy Mountains, Sweet Grass Hills, Bull Mountains. The Pryor Mountains South of Billings and, in the southeastern corner of the state near Ekalaka, the Long Pines and Short Pines. For other uses, see Great Plains (disambiguation). ... The Chinle Badlands at Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. ... The Crazies The Crazy Mountains, often called the Crazies, are a mountain range in the northern Rocky Mountains. ...


The area east of the divide in the north-central portion of the state is known for the dramatic Missouri Breaks and other significant rock formations. Three stately buttes south of Great Falls are familiar landmarks. These buttes, Square Butte, Shaw Butte, and Crown Butte, are made of igneous rock, which is dense and has withstood weathering for many years. The underlying surface consists of shale. Many areas around these buttes are covered with clay surface soils. These soils have been derived from the weathering of the Colorado Formation. Farther east, areas such as Makoshika State Park near Glendive, and Medicine Rocks State Park near Ekalaka also highlight some of the most scenic badlands regions in the state. The Missouri Breaks is located in central Montana, U.S. and is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management under the full title of Upper Missouri River National Monument. ... Butte near Sedona, Arizona A butte is an isolated hill with steep sides and a small flat top. ... Nickname: Location of Great Falls, Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Cascade Government  - Mayor Dona Stebbins Area  - Total 19. ... Igneous rocks (etymology from Latin ignis, fire) are rocks formed by solidification of cooled magma (molten rock), with or without crystallization, either below the surface as intrusive (plutonic) rocks or on the surface as extrusive (volcanic) rocks. ... Shale Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds. ... Makoshika State Park is the largest of Montanas state parks at more than 11,000 acres. ...


Montana also contains a number of rivers, many of which are known for "blue-ribbon" trout fishing, but which also provide most of the water needed by residents of the state, as well as being a source of hydropower. Montana is the only state in the union whose rivers form parts of three major North American watersheds: The Pacific Ocean, the Gulf of Mexico, and Hudson Bay which are divided atop Triple Divide Peak in Glacier National Park. Undershot water wheels on the Orontes River in Hama, Syria Saint Anthony Falls Hydropower or hydraulic power is the force or energy of moving water. ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... New York Harbor, the outflow for Hudson River, is sometimes called Hudsons Bay. Hudson Bay, Canada. ... Triple Divide Peak (8020 ft/2444 m) is located in Glacier National Park, Montana, United States. ...

Missouri Breaks region in central Montana
Missouri Breaks region in central Montana

West of the divide, the Clark Fork of the Columbia (not to be confused with the Clarks Fork of the Yellowstone River) rises in the Rocky Mountains near Butte and flows northwest to Missoula. There it is joined by the Blackfoot River and Bitterroot River and further downstream by the Flathead River before entering Idaho near Lake Pend Oreille, becoming part of the Columbia River, which flows to the Pacific Ocean. The Clark Fork discharges the greatest volume of water of any river exiting the state. The Flathead River and Kootenai River also drain major portions of the western half of the state. Image File history File linksMetadata Missouri_River_breaks. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Missouri_River_breaks. ... The Missouri Breaks is located in central Montana, U.S. and is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management under the full title of Upper Missouri River National Monument. ... The Clark Fork is a river in the U.S. states of Montana and Idaho, approximately 360 mi (579 km) long. ... The Clarks Fork of the Yellowstone River The Clarks Fork of the Yellowstone River (sometimes called the Clarks Fork River) is a tributary of the Yellowstone River, approximately 150 mi (241 km) long in the U.S. states of Montana and Wyoming. ... Location of Missoula in Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Missoula Founded 1866 Government  - Mayor John Engen Area  - City 23. ... The Blackfoot River is formed by the joining of Slug and Lanes creeks, in the Caribou-Targhee National Forest in Caribou County near Soda Springs, Idaho. ... The Bitterroot River is a tributary of the Clark Fork River in southwestern Montana, USA. It runs for about 75 miles south-to-north through the Bitterroot Valley, from the confluence of its West and East forks near Conner to the Clark Fork near Missoula. ... The Flathead River is a tributary of Clark Fork in the U.S. state of Montana and the Canadian province of British Columbia. ... For other uses, see Idaho (disambiguation). ... Introduction to the Lake Garfield Bay on Lake Pend Oreille A lake in northern Idaho, with a area of 148 square miles. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... The Flathead River is a tributary of Clark Fork in the U.S. state of Montana and the Canadian province of British Columbia. ...


East of the divide, the Missouri River, formed by the confluence of the Jefferson, Madison, and Gallatin rivers, crosses the central part of the state, flows through the Missouri breaks and enters North Dakota. The Yellowstone River rises in Yellowstone Park in Wyoming, flows north to Livingston, Montana, where it then turns east and flows across the state until it joins the Missouri River a few miles east of the North Dakota boundary. The Yellowstone River is the longest undammed, free-flowing river in North America. Other major Montana tributaries of the Missouri include the Milk, Marias, Tongue, and Musselshell Rivers. Montana also claims the disputed title of possessing the "world's shortest river," the Roe River, just outside Great Falls, Montana. These rivers ultimately join the Mississippi River and flow into the Gulf of Mexico. The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... The Jefferson River is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately 207 mi (333 km) long, in the U.S. state of Montana. ... The Madison River The Madison River is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately 183 mi (295 km) long, in the U.S. states of Wyoming and Montana. ... The Gallatin River The Gallatin River is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately 120 mi (193 km long), in the U.S. states of Wyoming and Montana. ... The Missouri Breaks is located in central Montana, U.S. and is managed by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management under the full title of Upper Missouri River National Monument. ... Official language(s) English Demonym North Dakotan Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th in the US  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... Yellowstone River, Fishing Bridge, July 1959. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... The Milk River shown highlighted The Milk River is a tributary of the Missouri River, 729 mi (1,173 km) long in the U.S. state of Montana and the Canadian province of Alberta. ... The Marias River The Marias River is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately 210 mi (338 km) long, in the U.S. state of Montana. ... The Roe River runs between Giant Springs and the Missouri River near Great Falls, Montana. ... Nickname: Location of Great Falls, Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Cascade Government  - Mayor Dona Stebbins Area  - Total 19. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ...


Water is of critical importance to the state for both agriculture and hydropower. In addition to its rivers, the state is home to Flathead Lake, the largest natural fresh-water lake in the United States west of the Great Lakes. Man-made reservoirs dot Montana's rivers, the largest of which is Fort Peck Reservoir, on the Missouri river, contained by the largest earth-filled dam in the world. Bathymetric Map of Flathead Lake Flathead Lake is the largest natural lake in Montana and the largest freshwater lake in the western United States. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... ... Fort Peck is a town located in Valley County, Montana. ...

Vegetation of the state includes ponderosa pine, lodgepole pine, larch, fir, spruce, aspen, birch, red cedar, ash, alder, rocky mountain maple and cottonwood trees. Forests cover approximately 25% of the state. Flowers native to Montana include asters, bitterroots, daisies, lupins, poppies, primroses, columbine, lilies, orchids and dryads. Several species of sagebrush and cactus and many species of grasses are common. Many species of mushrooms and lichens are also found in the state. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Pompeys Pillar National Monument Pompeys Pillar National Monument is located in south central Montana, United States. ... Binomial name Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C. Lawson Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) is a widespread and very variable pine native to western North America. ... Binomial name Pinus contorta Douglas Lodgepole Pine (Pinus contorta) is a common tree in western North America. ... For other uses, see Larch (disambiguation). ... FIR may stand for: finite impulse response (a property of some digital filters) far infrared, i. ... Species About 35; see text. ... For other uses, see Aspen (disambiguation). ... Species Many species; see text and classification Birch is the name of any tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. ... Red Cedar may refer to: Australian Red Cedar, Toona australis Eastern Red Cedar, Juniperus virginiana Red Cedar, Acrocarpus fraxinifolius Western Red Cedar, Thuja plicata Michigan)]] Red Cedar River (Wisconsin) Cedar (disambiguation) Category: ... Species See text European Ash in flower Narrow-leafed Ash (Fraxinus angustifolia) shoot with leaves Closeup of European Ash seeds 19th century illustration of Manna Ash (Fraxinus ornus) An ash can be any of four different tree genera from four very distinct families (see end of page for disambiguation), but... Species About 20-30 species, see text. ... For other uses, see Maple (disambiguation). ... Species Populus deltoides L. Populus fremontii [[]] Populus nigra L. This article is about the poplar species. ... Species Many, see text. ... Binomial name Lewisia rediviva Pursh The bitterroot (Lewisia rediviva Pursch) is a small, low, pink flower with yellow center that is the state flower of Montana in the United States. ... Look up daisy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Species 150-200 species, including: Lupinus albus Lupinus angustifolius Lupinus luteus Lupinus albifrons Lupinus arboreus Lupinus arizonicus Lupinus bicolor Lupinus chamissonis Lupinus diffusus Lupinus excubitus Lupinus formosus Lupinus longifolius Lupinus microcarpus Lupinus mutabilis Lupinus nanus Lupinus nootkatensis Lupinus perennis Lupinus polyphyllus Lupinus sparsiflorus Lupinus sulphureus Lupinus texensis Lupinus tidestromii Lupinus... This article is about the plant. ... For the character from the Shuffle! series, see Primula (Shuffle!). Species many; see text A modern garden primula cultivar Primula farinosa flowers Primula hortensis Primula prolifera Primula sieboldii Primula veris Primula is a genus of 400-500 species of low-growing herbs in the family Primulaceae. ... For other things of this name, see Columbine (disambiguation). ... lily is the best name in the whole wide world. ... Orchid re-directs here; for alternate uses see Orchid (disambiguation) Genera Over 800 See List of Orchidaceae genera. ... Dryas Categories: Plant stubs | Plants ... Binomial name Artemisia tridentata Nutt. ... This article is about the desert plant. ... For other uses, see Grass (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Mushroom (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Lichen (disambiguation). ...


Montana contains Glacier National Park and portions of Yellowstone National Park, including three of the Park's five entrances. Other federally recognized sites include the Little Bighorn National Monument, Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area, Big Hole National Battlefield, Lewis and Clark Caverns, and the National Bison Range. Montana has eight National Forests and over 20 National Wildlife Refuges. The Federal government administers 36,000,000 acres (146,000 km²). 275,000 acres (1,100 km²) are administered as state parks and forests. For the non-adjoining national park by the same name in British Columbia, see Glacier National Park (Canada). ... Yellowstone redirects here. ... Combatants Lakota, Northern Cheyenne, Arapaho United States Commanders Sitting Bull, Crazy Horse George A. Custer â€ , Marcus Reno, Frederick Benteen, James Calhoun â€  Strength 949 lodges (probably 950-1,200 warriors) 31 officers, 566 troopers, 15 armed civilians, ~35-40 scouts Casualties At least 54 killed, ~168 wounded (according to Sitting Bull... Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area was established by an act of Congress on October 15, 1966, following the construction of the Yellowtail Dam by the Bureau of Reclamation. ... Big Hole National Battlefield is a memorial to the people who fought and died here on August 9 and 10, 1877; combatants in a five month conflict that came to be called the Nez Perce War of 1877. ... The Lewis and Clark Cavern National Monument is the name of a former U.S. National Monument that was discovered in 1895 by D. A. Morrison. ... Established in 1908 as one of the earliest National Wildlife Refuges in the United States, the National Bison Range is located in western Montana. ... This article is on national forests in the United States. ... National Wildlife Refuge is a designation for certain protected areas of the United States managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. ... State park is a term used in the United States and in Mexico for an area of land preserved on account of its natural beauty, historic interest, recreation, or other reason, and under the administration of the government of a U.S. state or one of the states of Mexico. ...

Quake Lake was created by a landslide during the 1959 Yellowstone Earthquake
Quake Lake was created by a landslide during the 1959 Yellowstone Earthquake

. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 834 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Quake Lake, Montana by David Jolley 2005. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1728 pixel, file size: 834 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Quake Lake, Montana by David Jolley 2005. ... Quake Lake (also known as Earthquake Lake) was created after a massive earthquake struck southwestern Montana, United States on August 17, 1959. ...


Areas managed by the National Park Service include: The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ...

Several Indian reservations are located in Montana: Fort Peck Indian Reservation, Fort Belknap Indian Reservation, Northern Cheyenne Indian Reservation, Crow Indian Reservation, Rocky Boy's Indian Reservation, Blackfeet Indian Reservation, and the Flathead Indian Reservation. Big Hole National Battlefield is a memorial to the people who fought and died here on August 9 and 10, 1877; combatants in a five month conflict that came to be called the Nez Perce War of 1877. ... Wisdom is a census-designated place located in Beaverhead County, Montana. ... Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area was established by an act of Congress on October 15, 1966, following the construction of the Yellowtail Dam by the Bureau of Reclamation. ... Fort Smith is a census-designated place located in Big Horn County, Montana. ... For the non-adjoining national park by the same name in British Columbia, see Glacier National Park (Canada). ... Established by Canadian fur trader John Grant, and expanded by cattle baron Conrad Kohrs, Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site commemorates the Western cattle industry from its 1850s inception through recent times. ... Deer Lodge is a city in Powell County, Montana, United States. ... In 1804, Meriwether Lewis & William Clark began a voyage of discovery with 45 men, a keelboat, two pirogues, and a dog. ... Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument preserves the site of the June 26, 1876 Battle of the Little Bighorn, near Crow Agency, Montana. ... Crow Agency is a census-designated place located in Big Horn County, Montana. ... The Nez Perce National Historical Park is a United States National Historical Park comprisingf 38 sites located throughout the states of Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington which are the traditional aboriginal lands of the Nez Perce. ... Yellowstone redirects here. ... The Fort Peck Indian Reservation lies in northeastern Montana, USA. It is the homeland of the Assiniboine tribe of Native Americans. ... The Fort Belknap Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation in north-central Montana, USA. It is shared, ironically, by two groups of Native Americans who have been historically enemies of each other, the boneinass and the Gros Ventre tribes. ... northern cheyenne indian reservation ... The Crow, also called the Absaroka or Apsáalooke, are a tribe of Native Americans who historically lived in the Yellowstone river valley and now live on a reservation south of Billings, Montana. ... Rocky Boy The Rocky Boy Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation of the Chippewa-Cree tribe located in the U.S. state of Montana. ... The Blackfeet Indian Reservation or Blackfeet Nation is an Indian reservation of the Blackfeet tribe in Montana in the United States. ... The Flathead Indian Reservation is located in western Montana, it is home to the Bitterroot Salish, Kootenai and Pend dOreilles Tribes - also known as the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation (1). ...

See also: List of Montana counties, List of Montana rivers, and List of cities and towns in Montana

List of Montana counties: Beaverhead County Big Horn County Blaine County Broadwater County Carbon County Carter County Cascade County Chouteau County Custer County Daniels County Dawson County Deer Lodge County Fallon County Fergus County Flathead County Gallatin County Garfield County Glacier County Golden Valley County Granite County Hill County Jefferson... The following is a partial list of rivers in the state of Montana in the United States. ... List of cities and towns in Montana, arranged in alphabetical order. ...

Climate

Temperature and precipitation for Montana's capital city, Helena

Montana is a large state with considerable variation in geography, and so the climate is equally varied. The western half is mountainous, interrupted by numerous large valleys. Eastern Montana is plains, badlands, broken by hills and isolated mountain ranges, and has a continental climate The Continental Divide runs north-south through the western mountainous half, and has a large effect on the climate. It restricts the flow of warmer air from the Pacific from moving east, and cooler, drier continental moving west. West of the divide the climate is described as modified northern Pacific coast climate, with milder winters, cooler summers, less wind, and a longer growing season.[2] In the winter Valley fog and low clouds often form in the valleys west of the divide, but this is rarely seen in the east.[3] Nickname: Location in Lewis and Clark County, Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Lewis and Clark Founded October 30, 1864 Government  - Mayor James E. Smith Area  - Total 14. ... Regions containing a continental climate exist in portions of Northern Hemisphere continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other parts of the world. ... A continental divide is a line of elevated terrain which forms a border between two watersheds such that water falling on one side of the line eventually travels to one ocean or body of water, and water on the other side travels to another, generally on the opposite side of...


Average daytime temperatures vary from 28 degrees in January to 84.5 degrees in July.[4] The variation in geography leads to great variation in temperature. Hot weather occurs in the eastern plains on occasion; the highest observed being 117° at Glendive on July 20, 1893, and Medicine Lake on July 5, 1937. Throughout the state summer nights are generally cool and pleasant. Temperatures decrease with altitude, and hot weather is unknown above 4,000 ft (1,200 m) Snowfall is not unknown any month of the year in the central part of Montana, but is quite rare in July and August.[2] Glendive is a city located in Dawson County, Montana. ...


The coldest temperature on record for Montana is the coldest temperature for the entire continental U.S. On January 20, 1954 -70 °F was recorded at a gold mining camp near Rogers Pass. Temperatures vary greatly on such cold nights, and Helena, 40 miles (64 km) to the southeast had a low of only -36 °F.[2] Winter cold spells last a week or so. They are the result of cold continental air coming south from Canada. The front is often well defined, causing a large temperature drop in a 24 hour period. Conversely, air flow from the southwest results in "Chinooks". These steady 25-50mph (or more) winds can suddenly warm parts of Montana, especially areas just to east of the mountains, where temperatures sometimes rise into the 50's and 60's.[2] Nickname: Location in Lewis and Clark County, Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Lewis and Clark Founded October 30, 1864 Government  - Mayor James E. Smith Area  - Total 14. ... For the Star Trek: Enterprise episode, see Cold Front (Enterprise). ... For other uses, see Chinook. ...

The Grinnell Glacier gets 105 inches (2,700 mm) of precipitation per year.
The Grinnell Glacier gets 105 inches (2,700 mm) of precipitation per year.

Average annual precipitation is 15 inches (380 mm), but great variations are seen. The mountain ranges block the moist Pacific air, holding moisture in the western valleys, and creating rain shadows to the east. Heron in the west receives the most precipitation, 34.70 inches. On the east side of a mountain range the valleys are much drier; Lonepine averages 11.45, and Deer Lodge 11.00 inches of precipitation. The mountains themselves can get over 100 inches (2,500 mm), for example the Grinnell Glacier in Glacier National Park gets 105 inches.[3] Perhaps the driest is an area southwest of Belfry that averaged only 6.59 inches (167 mm) over a 16 year period. Most of the larger cities get 30 to 50 inches (1,300 mm) of snow each year. Mountain ranges themselves can accumulate 300 inches (7,600 mm) of snow during a winter. Heavy snowstorms can occur as early as September or as Late as May, but most snow falls from November to March.[2] Grinnell Glacier with glacier retreat since 1850 of 1. ... Deer Lodge is a city in Powell County, Montana, United States. ... Grinnell Glacier with glacier retreat since 1850 of 1. ... There are two places in the Rocky Mountains of North America named Glacier National Park: Glacier National Park (U.S.) in Montana Glacier National Park (Canada) in British Columbia. ...


The climate has become warmer in Montana and continues to do so.[5] The glaciers in Glacier National Park have receded and are predicted to melt away completely in a few decades.[6] Many Montana cities set heat records during July 2007, the hottest month ever recorded in Montana.[5][7] Winters are warmer, too, and have fewer cold spells. Previously these cold spells had killed off bark beetles which are now attacking the forests of Western Montana.[8][9] The combination of warmer weather, attack by beetles, and mismanagement during past years has led to a substantial increase in the severity of forest fires in Montana.[5][9] There are two places in the Rocky Mountains of North America named Glacier National Park: Glacier National Park (U.S.) in Montana Glacier National Park (Canada) in British Columbia. ... Genera See text. ... Fire in San Bernardino, California Mountains (image taken from the International Space Station) A wildfire, also known as a forest fire, vegetation fire, grass fire, or bushfire (in Australasia), is an uncontrolled fire in wildland often caused by lightning; other common causes are human carelessness and arson. ...


History

Main article: History of Montana
Assiniboine family, Montana, 1890-91
Assiniboine family, Montana, 1890-91

Native Americans were the first inhabitants of the state of Montana. Groups included the Crow in the south-central area, the Cheyenne in the southeast, the Blackfeet, Assiniboine and Gros Ventres in the central and north-central area and the Kootenai and Salish in the west. The smaller Pend d'Oreille and Kalispel tribes lived near Flathead Lake and the western mountains, respectively. Native Americans were the first inhabitants of modern-day Montana. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Assinniboine2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Assinniboine2. ... Assiniboine Family, Montana, 1890-1891. ... The Crow, also called the Absaroka or Apsáalooke, are a tribe of Native Americans who historically lived in the Yellowstone river valley and now live on a reservation south of Billings, Montana. ... For other uses, see Cheyenne (disambiguation). ... Sahpo Muxika, also known as Crowfoot, former Head Chief of the Blackfeet Nation. ... Assiniboine Family, Montana, 1890-1891. ... A Gros Ventre named Assiniboin Boy. ... Kootenai is a city located in Bonner County, Idaho. ... The Coast Salish are a Salishan-speaking First Nations/Native American culture that inhabited an area centered in southwestern British Columbia in Canada and western Washington in the United States for several millennia up to the time of arrival of the Europeans in the 19th century. ... Tribal flag Tule Hut Kalispel Mission Group The Pend dOreilles, also known as the Kalispel, are a tribe of Native Americans who lived centered around Lake Pend Oreille, as well as the Pend Oreille River, although some of them live spread through Montana and eastern Washington. ... The Pend dOreilles, or Kalispel, tribe is one of three tribes of the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes of the Flathead Nation in Montana. ... Bathymetric Map of Flathead Lake Flathead Lake is the largest natural lake in Montana and the largest freshwater lake in the western United States. ...


Montana east of the continental divide was part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Subsequent to the Lewis and Clark Expedition and after the finding of gold and copper (see the Copper Kings) in the state in the late 1850s, Montana became a United States territory (Montana Territory) on May 26, 1864, and the 41st state on November 8, 1889. A continental divide is a line of elevated terrain which forms a border between two watersheds such that water falling on one side of the line eventually travels to one ocean or body of water, and water on the other side travels to another, generally on the opposite side of... The Louisiana Purchase (French: Vente de la Louisiane) was the acquisition by the United States of America of 828,000 square miles (2,140,000 km²) of French territory (Louisiana) in 1803. ... Lewis and Clark redirects here. ... The three Copper Kings of Butte, Montana made millions of dollars through Buttes rich mineral deposits. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... The Montana Territory was an organized territory of the United States that existed between 1864 and 1889. ... is the 146th day of the year (147th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Fort Shaw (Montana Territory) was established in Spring 1867. It is located west of Great Falls in the Sun River Valley and was one of three posts authorized to be built by Congress in 1865. The other two posts in the Montana Territory were Camp Cooke on the Judith River and Fort C.F. Smith on the Bozeman Trail in south central Montana Territory. Fort Shaw, named after Colonel Robert Gould Shaw, who commanded the 54th Massachusetts, one of the first all African-American regiments, during the American Civil War, was built of adobe and lumber by the 13th Infantry. The fort had a parade ground that was 400 ft² (120 m²), and consisted of barracks for officers, a hospital, and a trading post, and could house up to 450 soldiers. Completed in 1868, it was used by military personnel until 1891. Fort Shaw is a census-designated place located in Cascade County, Montana. ... The Montana Territory was an organized territory of the United States that existed between 1864 and 1889. ... Nickname: Location of Great Falls, Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Cascade Government  - Mayor Dona Stebbins Area  - Total 19. ... The Montana Territory was an organized territory of the United States that existed between 1864 and 1889. ... The Judith River The Judith River is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately 124 mi (200 km) long, in central Montana and the United States. ... The Chicken Trail was an overland route connecting the Oregon Trail to the gold rush territory of Montana. ... Robert Gould Shaw (October 10, 1837 – July 18, 1863) was the colonel in command of the all-black 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, which entered the American Civil War in 1863. ... The Storming of Fort Wagner, the most famous battle fought by the 54th Massachusetts The 54th Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry, an infantry regiment that fought in the American Civil War, was one of the first official black units in the United States armed forces. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... For the town in the Republic of Ireland, see Hospital, County Limerick. ...


After the close of the military post, the government established Fort Shaw as a school to provide industrial training to young Native Americans. The Fort Shaw Indian Industrial School was opened on April 30, 1892. The school had at one time 17 faculty members, 11 Indian assistants and 300 students. The school made use of over 20 of the buildings built by the Army. is the 120th day of the year (121st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1892 (MDCCCXCII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


The revised Homestead Act of the early 1900s greatly affected the settlement of Montana. This act expanded the land that was provided by the Homestead Act of 1862 from 160 acres (0.6 km²) to 320 acres (1.3 km²). When the latter act was signed by President William Howard Taft, it also reduced the time necessary to prove up from five years to three years and permitted five months' absence from the claim each year. The Homestead Act was a United States Federal law that gave freehold title to 160 acres (one quarter section or about 65 hectares) of undeveloped land in the American West. ... The Homestead Act of 1862 is a piece of U.S. legislation which gave one quarter of a section of a township (160 acres, or about 65 hectares) of undeveloped land in the American West to any family head or person that was at least 21 years of age, provided... For other persons named William Howard Taft, see William Howard Taft (disambiguation). ...


In 1908, the Sun River Irrigation Project, west of Great Falls was opened up for homesteading. Under this Reclamation Act, a person could obtain 40 acres (16 ha). Most of the people who came to file on these homesteads were young couples who were eager to live near mountains where hunting and fishing were good. Many of these homesteaders came from the Midwest and Minnesota. Nickname: Location of Great Falls, Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Cascade Government  - Mayor Dona Stebbins Area  - Total 19. ... The Newlands Reclamation Act (or National Reclamation Act) of 1902, named for its author, Representative Francis G. Newlands of Nevada, funded irrigation projects for the arid lands of the American West. ... Broadly defined, homesteading is a lifestyle of simple, agrarian self-sufficiency. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ...


Montana was the scene of the Native Americans' last effort to keep their land, and the last stand of U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer was fought near the present day town of Hardin. Montana was also the location of the final battles of the Nez Perce Wars. ‹ The template below (Dabneeded) is being considered for deletion. ... The Army is the branch of the United States armed forces which has primary responsibility for land-based military operations. ... Custer redirects here. ... The Nez Perce Wars were a series of wars between the Nez Perce and the United States government. ...


Cattle ranching has long been central to Montana's history and economy. The Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site in Deer Lodge Valley is maintained as a link to the ranching style of the late 19th century. It is operated by the National Park Service but is also a 1,900 acre (7.7 km²) working ranch. Established by Canadian fur trader John Grant, and expanded by cattle baron Conrad Kohrs, Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site commemorates the Western cattle industry from its 1850s inception through recent times. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ...


Demographics

Montana Population Density Map
Montana Population Density Map
Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1870 20,595
1880 39,159 90.1%
1890 142,924 265.0%
1900 243,329 70.3%
1910 376,053 54.5%
1920 548,889 46.0%
1930 537,606 -2.1%
1940 559,456 4.1%
1950 591,024 5.6%
1960 674,767 14.2%
1970 694,409 2.9%
1980 786,690 13.3%
1990 799,065 1.6%
2000 902,195 12.9%
Est. 2006 944,632 4.7%

As of 2006, Montana has an estimated population of 997,670, which is an increase of 8,750, or 0.9%, from the prior year and an increase of 33,475, or 3.7%, since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase since the last census of 13,674 people (that is 58,001 births minus 44,327 deaths) and an increase due to net migration of 21,074 people into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 2,141 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 18,933 people. 16,500 of state residents are foreign-born, accounting for 1.8% of the total population. Image File history File links Montana_population_map. ... Image File history File links Montana_population_map. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Net migration rates for 2006: positive (blue), negative (orange) and stable (green). ...


According to the 2000 U.S. Census, 1.52% of the population aged 5 and over speak Spanish at home, while 1.11% speak German.[10] The 22nd United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


The center of population of Montana is located in Meagher County, in the city of White Sulphur Springs.[11] Center of population is a subject of study in the field of demographics. ... Meagher County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... White Sulphur Springs is a city located in Meagher County, Montana. ...


While German ancestry is the largest reported European-American ancestry in most of Montana, residents of Scandinavian ancestry are prevalent in some of the farming-dominated northern and eastern prairie regions. There are also several predominantly Native American counties, mostly around each of the seven Indian reservations. The historically mining-oriented communities of western Montana such as Butte have a wider range of ethnic groups, particularly people of Eastern European and Irish ancestry, as well as people who originally emigrated from British mining regions such as Cornwall. Montana is second only to South Dakota in U.S. Hutterite population with several colonies spread across the state. Many of Montana's historic logging communities originally attracted people of Scandinavian and Scots-Irish descent. Montana's Hispanic population is particularly concentrated around the Billings area in south-central Montana, and the highest density of African-Americans is located in Great Falls. A European American (Euro-American) is a person who resides in the United States and is either the descendant of European immigrants or from Europe him/herself. ... See: Danish American Norwegian American Swedish American Finnish American Icelandic American Category: ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... Uptown Butte 1942 view of the city Butte is a city in Silver Bow County, Montana and is the county seat. ... Eastern Europe is, by convention, a region defined geographically as that part of Europe covering the eastern part of the continent. ... British Americans are Americans whose ancestry stems, either wholly or in part, from one of the four constituent nations of the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Cornwall (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Demonym South Dakotan Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th in the US  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Hutterite women at work Hutterites are a communal branch of Anabaptists who, like the Amish and Mennonites, trace their roots to the Radical Reformation of the 16th century. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... Scots-Irish (formerly Scotch-Irish) is a term used to describe inhabitants of the USA and Canada of Scots-Irish (particularly Ulster-Scots) descent, who formed distinctive communities and had distinctive social characteristics. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... Motto: Star of the Big Sky Country Location in Montana Location of the state of Montana in the United States Coordinates: , Country State County Yellowstone Founded 1877 Incorporated 1882 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Ronald Tussing  - city Admin. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Predominantly Christianity and Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... Nickname: Location of Great Falls, Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Cascade Government  - Mayor Dona Stebbins Area  - Total 19. ...

Demographics of Montana (csv)
By race White Black AIAN* Asian NHPI*
2000 (total population) 92.79% 0.50% 7.36% 0.79% 0.12%
2000 (Hispanic only) 1.74% 0.05% 0.28% 0.04% 0.01%
2005 (total population) 92.52% 0.62% 7.47% 0.82% 0.11%
2005 (Hispanic only) 2.22% 0.07% 0.23% 0.03% 0.01%
Growth 2000–05 (total population) 3.42% 28.09% 5.19% 7.11% -4.46%
Growth 2000–05 (non-Hispanic only) 2.87% 25.58% 5.91% 8.07% -0.82%
Growth 2000–05 (Hispanic only) 31.85% 52.36% -13.46% -13.52% -39.22%
* AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native; NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander

Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ...

Religion

The religious affiliations of the people of Montana

Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther. ... For other uses, see Methodism (disambiguation). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... Presbyterianism is a family of Christian denominations within the Reformed branch of Protestant Western Christianity. ... Disambiguation: This article is about the United States denomination known as United Church of Christ. ... Roman Catholicism in the United States has grown dramatically over the countrys history, from being a tiny minority faith during the time of the Thirteen Colonies to being the countrys largest profession of faith today. ... For other uses, see The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (disambiguation). ...

Economy

Montana ranks 3rd nationally in craft breweries per capita.
Montana ranks 3rd nationally in craft breweries per capita.[12]
A Montana quarter, reverse side, 2007
A Montana quarter, reverse side, 2007

The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that Montana's total state product in 2003 was $26 billion. Per capita personal income in 2003 was $25,406, 47th in the nation. However, this number is rapidly increasing. According to the Missoulian, the economy has grown rapidly since 2003; in 2005, Montana ranked 39th in the nation with an average per capita personal income of $29,387.[citation needed] Beer barrels outside the Castle Rock microbrewery in Nottingham, England. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1080 × 1080 pixel, file size: 777 KB, MIME type: image/png) (All user names refer to en. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 600 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1080 × 1080 pixel, file size: 777 KB, MIME type: image/png) (All user names refer to en. ...


The economy is primarily based on agriculture--wheat, barley, sugar beets, oats, rye, seed potatoes, honey, cherries, cattle and sheep ranching -- and significant lumber and mineral extraction (gold, coal, silver, talc, and vermiculite).[citation needed] Tourism is also important to the economy with millions of visitors a year to Glacier National Park, Flathead Lake, the Missouri River headwaters, the site of the Battle of Little Bighorn and three of the five entrances to Yellowstone National Park. Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... For other uses, see Barley (disambiguation). ... Two sugar beets - the one on the left has been cultivated to be smoother than the traditional beet, so that it traps less soil. ... Species References ITIS 41455 2002-09-22 Oats are the seeds of any of several cereal grains in the genus Avena. ... Binomial name Secale cereale M.Bieb. ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Honey (disambiguation). ... A cherry is both a tree and its fleshy fruit, a type known as a drupe with a single hard pit enclosing the seed. ... Ranching is the raising of cattle or sheep on rangeland, although one might also speak of ranching with regard to less common livestock such as elk, bison or emu. ... Timber in storage for later processing at a sawmill roni Lumber or timber is a term used to describe wood, either standing or that has been processed for use — from the time trees are felled, to its end product as a material suitable for industrial use — as structural material for... For other uses, see Mineral (disambiguation). ... GOLD refers to one of the following: GOLD (IEEE) is an IEEE program designed to garner more student members at the university level (Graduates of the Last Decade). ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal is a fossil fuel formed in ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... This article is about the chemical element. ... Talc (derived from the Persian via Arabic talq) is a mineral composed of hydrated magnesium silicate with the chemical formula H2Mg3(SiO3)4 or Mg3Si4O10(OH)2. ... Vermiculite is a natural, non toxic mineral that expands with the application of heat. ... Tourist redirects here. ... For the non-adjoining national park by the same name in British Columbia, see Glacier National Park (Canada). ... Bathymetric Map of Flathead Lake Flathead Lake is the largest natural lake in Montana and the largest freshwater lake in the western United States. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... The Battle of the Little Bighorn, also called Custers Last Stand, was an engagement between a Lakota-Cheyenne combined force and the 7th Cavalry of the United States Army that took place on June 25, 1876 near the Little Bighorn River in the eastern Montana Territory. ... Yellowstone redirects here. ...


Montana's personal income tax contains 7 brackets, with rates ranging from 1% to 6.9%. Montana has no sales tax. In Montana, household goods are exempt from property taxes. However, property taxes are assessed on livestock, farm machinery, heavy equipment, automobiles, trucks, and business equipment. The amount of property tax owed is not determined solely by the property's value. The property's value is multiplied by a tax rate, set by the Montana Legislature, to determine its taxable value. The taxable value is then multiplied by the mill levy established by various taxing jurisdictions -- city and county government, school districts and others. Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income... A sales tax is a consumption tax charged at the point of purchase for certain goods and services. ... Property tax, millage tax is an ad valorem tax that an owner of real estate or other property pays on the value of the property being taxed. ... Sheep are commonly bred as livestock. ... A mill levy is a property tax rate. ...

Transportation

See also: List of Montana railroads and List of Montana numbered highways

Railroads have been an important method of transportation in Montana since the 1880s. Historically, the state was traversed by the main lines of three east-west transcontinental routes: the Milwaukee Road, the Great Northern, and the Northern Pacific. Today, the BNSF Railway is the state's largest railroad, its main transcontinental route incorporating the former Great Northern main line across the state. Montana RailLink, a privately-held Class II railroad, operates former Northern Pacific trackage in western Montana. Current common carriers Amtrak (AMTK) Burlington Northern Santa Fe Railway (BNSF) Central Montana Rail Dakota, Missouri Valley and Western Montana Rail Link (MRL) Rarus Railway Union Pacific Railroad (UP) Defunct railroads Burlington Northern Railroad (BN) Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad (CBQ) Great Northern Railway (GN) Milwaukee Road (MILW) Northern Pacific... List of Montana State Highways Montana State Highway 1 Montana State Highway 2 Montana State Highway 3 Montana State Highway 4 Montana State Highway 6 Montana State Highway 9 Montana State Highway 14 Montana State Highway 22 Montana State Highway 66 Montana State Highway 78 Montana State Highway 82 Montana... The Milwaukee Road, officially the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. ... A Great Northern train pauses for the photographer four miles west of Minot, North Dakota in 1914. ... The Northern Pacific Railway (AAR reporting marks NP) was a railway that operated in the north-central region of the United States. ... The BNSF Railway (AAR reporting marks BNSF), headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is one of the four remaining transcontinental railroads and one of the largest railroad networks in North America (only one competitor, the Union Pacific Railroad, is larger in size). ... Montana RailLink (AAR reporting mark MRL) is a privately-held Class II railroad in the United States. ... A Class II railroad, as defined by the American Association of Railroads, is a railroad with an annual operating revenue between $10 million (1978 dollars) and $50 million (1978 dollars). ...


In addition, Amtrak's Empire Builder train runs through the north of the state, stopping in the following towns: Libby, Whitefish, West Glacier, Essex, East Glacier Park, Browning, Cut Bank, Shelby, Havre, Malta, Glasgow, and Wolf Point. Vermonter at the Brattleboro, Vermont, station, 18 March 2004. ... Empire Builder is a train route operated by Amtrak in the Midwestern and Northwestern United States. ... Libby is a city in Lincoln County, Montana, United States. ... View from top of Big Mountain, near Whitefish, in winter Whitefish is a city located in Flathead County, Montana. ... West Glacier is a small, unincorporated town in eastern Flathead County, Montana, United States. ... East Glacier Park Village is a census-designated place located in Glacier County, Montana. ... Browning is a town in Glacier County, Montana, United States. ... Cut Bank is a city located in Glacier County, Montana. ... Shelby is a city in and county seat of Toole County, Montana, United States. ... Havre (IPA ) is a city in Hill County, Montana, is said to be named after the city of Le Havre in France[1][2], although this is disputed by some inhabitants. ... Glasgow is a city in Valley County, Montana, United States. ... Wolf Point is a city in Roosevelt County, Montana, United States. ...


Montana's three largest commercial airports serve Bozeman, Billings, and Missoula; smaller airports in Kalispell, Helena, and Butte also serve multiple commercial carriers. Eight smaller communities have airports designated for commercial service under the Essential Air Service program. Gallatin Field Airport (IATA: BZN, ICAO: KBZN), also known simply as Gallatin Field, is a regional airport located in Belgrade, Montana, about 8 miles (12. ... Billings Logan International Airport (IATA: BIL, ICAO: KBIL) is a commercial airport in the city of Billings, Montana USA. The airport serves residents of the greater Billings Metro area as well as residents throughout South Central Montana, eastern Montana and northern Wyoming. ... Missoula International Airport (IATA: MSO, ICAO: KMSO) is a public airport located four miles (6 km) northwest of the city of Missoula in Missoula County, Montana, USA. The airport has two runways. ... Glacier Park International Airport (IATA: FCA, ICAO: KGPI) is a public airport serving Flathead County, Montana. ... Helena Regional Airport (IATA: HLN, ICAO: KHLN) is a public airport located two miles (3 km) northeast of the city of Helena in Lewis and Clark County, Montana, United States. ... Bert Mooney Airport serves the city and surrounding area of Butte, Montana, USA. Bert Mooney was an aviator from Butte and was the first to fly mail into Yellowstone National Park in 1935. ... Essential Air Service (EAS) is a U.S. government program enacted to guarantee that small communities in the United States, which, prior to deregulation, were served by certificated airlines, maintained commercial service. ...


Historically, the primary east-west highway route across Montana was U.S. Route 10, which connected the major cities in the southern half of the state. Still the state's most important east-west travel corridor, the route is today served by Interstate 90 and Interstate 94. U.S. Routes 2 and 12 and Montana Highway 200 also traverse the entire state from east to west. This U.S. Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Highways. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 90 Interstate 90 (abbreviated I-90) is the longest interstate highway in the United States at nearly 3,100 miles (5,000 kilometers). ... Interstate 94 (abbreviated I-94) is the northernmost east-west interstate highway, connecting the Great Lakes and Intermountain regions of the United States. ... United States Highway 2 is an east-west United States Highway. ... U.S. Route 12, or US 12, is an east-west United States highway running from downtown Detroit almost 2500 miles (4000 km) to Grays Harbor on the Pacific Ocean in the state of Washington. ...


Montana's only north-south Interstate Highway is Interstate 15. Other major north-south highways include U.S. Routes 87, 89, 93 and 191. Interstate Highways in the lower 48 states. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 15 “I-15” redirects here. ... U.S. Highway 87 is a north-south United States highway (though it is signed east-west in New Mexico) that runs for 1,998 miles (3,215 km) from northern Montana to southern Texas. ... U.S. Route 89 is a north-south United States highway with two sections. ... U.S. Route 93 is a major north-south United States highway in the Western United States. ... U.S. Highway 191 is a spur of U.S. Highway 91 that has two branches. ...


Law and government

See also: List of Montana Governors

The current Governor is Brian Schweitzer (Democrat) who was sworn in on January 3, 2005. Its two U.S. senators are Max Baucus (Democrat) and Jon Tester (Democrat). Montana's congressional representative is Denny Rehberg (Republican). List of Montana Governors See also Governors of Montana Territory Exteral link governors of Montana Categories: Governors of Montana | Lists of United States governors ... Brian David Schweitzer (born September 4, 1955) is an American politician from the U.S. state of Montana. ... is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Max Sieben Baucus (b. ... Jonathan Jon Tester (born August 21, 1956) is the Democratic Senator-elect from Montana. ... Dennis R. Denny Rehberg (born October 5, 1955) is an American politician who has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 2001, representing Montana at-large (map). ...


The state was the first to elect a female member of Congress (Jeannette Rankin) and was one of the first states to give women voting rights (see suffrage). Despite its sizable American Indian population, Montana is one of the most homogenous states — nearly 90% of its residents are of European descent, with a large number of immigrants of German, Irish, Welsh, Cornish, Italian, Slovak and Scandinavian heritage arriving in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. A significant portion of Chinese (Cantonese) immigrants also came and left an indelible mark on the state, especially in the mining cities of Helena, Butte, and Anaconda. Congress in Joint Session. ... Jeannette Rankin (June 11, 1880 – May 18, 1973) was the first woman elected to the United States House of Representatives and the first female member of Congress. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... A stereotypical German The Germans (German: die Deutschen), or the German people, are a nation in the meaning an ethnos (in German: Volk), defined more by a sense of sharing a common German culture and having a German mother tongue, than by citizenship or by being subjects to any particular... This article is about Welsh people who are considered to be an ethnic group and a nation. ... The Cornish people are a British ethnic group originating in Cornwall. ... Languages Italian, Sicilian, Neapolitan, Corsican, Sardinian, Emiliano-Romagnolo, Ligurian, Lombard, Piedmontese, Venetian, Ladin, Friulian Religions predominantly Roman Catholic      The Italians are a Southern European ethnic group found primarily in Italy and in a wide-ranging diaspora throughout Western Europe, the Americas and Australia. ... For other uses, see Scandinavia (disambiguation). ... Cantonese people (Traditional Chinese: 廣東人; Simplified Chinese: 广东人; Pinyin: GuÇŽngdōng rén; Jyutping: gwong2 dung1 yan4), broadly speaking, are persons originating from the present-day Guangdong province in southern China. ... Nickname: Location in Lewis and Clark County, Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Lewis and Clark Founded October 30, 1864 Government  - Mayor James E. Smith Area  - Total 14. ... Butte near Sedona, Arizona A butte is an isolated hill with steep sides and a small flat top. ... Anaconda, county seat of Anaconda-Deer Lodge County, is located in mountainous southwestern Montana. ...


Politics

Montana State Capitol in Helena.
Montana State Capitol in Helena.

Historically, Montana is a Swing state of cross-ticket voters with a tradition of sending "conservatives to Helena (the state capital) and liberals to Washington." However, there have also been long-term shifts of party control. During the 1970s, the state was dominated by the Democratic Party, with Democratic governors for a 20-year period, and a Democratic majority of both the national congressional delegation and during many sessions of the state legislature. This pattern shifted, beginning with the 1988 election, when Montana elected a Republican governor and sent a Republican to the U.S. Senate for the first time since the 1940s. This shift continued with the reapportionment of the state's legislative districts that took effect in 1994, when the Republican Party took control of both houses of the state legislature, consolidating a party dominance that lasted until 2004. The state last supported a Democrat for president in 1992, Bill Clinton's first election. Image File history File linksMetadata Helena_capitol. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Helena_capitol. ... For the film of the same name, see Swing State (film). ... The Democratic Party is one of two major political parties in the United States, the other being the Republican Party. ... The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... Reapportionment is the reallocation of seats in a legislature to the regions from which legislators are elected, following changes in population. ... William Jefferson Bill Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III[1] on August 19, 1946) was the 42nd President of the United States, serving from 1993 to 2001. ...


In recent years, Montana has been classified as a Republican-leaning state, and the state supported President George W. Bush by a wide margin in 2000 and 2004. However, since the 2000 reapportionment plan went into effect in 2004 the state currently has a Democratic governor (Brian Schweitzer), elected in 2004. In the 2006 midterm elections, Democratic candidate Jon Tester narrowly defeated (by only 3000 votes) incumbent Republican Senator Conrad Burns [1],one of several crucial races that allowed the Democratic Party to win the majority in the U.S. Senate. Montana's lone US Representative, Republican Denny Rehberg, easily won reelection. The state Senate is (as of 2007) controlled by the Democrats and the State House of Representatives is controlled by the Republicans. George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... Reapportionment is the reallocation of seats in a legislature to the regions from which legislators are elected, following changes in population. ... Brian David Schweitzer (born September 4, 1955) is an American politician from the U.S. state of Montana. ... The 2006 U.S. Senate Election for the state of Montana was held November 7, 2006. ... Jonathan Jon Tester (born August 21, 1956) is the Democratic Senator-elect from Montana. ... Conrad Ray Burns (born January 25, 1935) is a former United States Senator from Montana. ... Dennis R. Denny Rehberg (born October 5, 1955) is an American politician who has been a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives since 2001, representing Montana at-large (map). ... This article needs cleanup. ... The Montana House of Representatives is one of the two houses of the Montana Legislature. ...


On April 17th, 2007, Montana became the first state to pass legislation against the federal government's Real ID Act. Gov. Schweitzer signed a bill banning the Montana Motor Vehicle Division from enforcing the new regulations. [2] The REAL ID Act of 2005 requires people entering federal buildings, boarding airplanes or opening bank accounts to present identification that has met certain security and authentication standards. ...


Montana is an Alcoholic beverage control state. Map of Alcoholic Beverage Control States, current as of February 2006. ...


Important cities and towns

Montana's largest city, Billings
Montana's largest city, Billings
Billings skyline & Sacrifice Cliff, 2005
Billings skyline & Sacrifice Cliff, 2005

Some of the cities in Montana are:

Some of the major towns in Montana are: Motto: Star of the Big Sky Country Location in Montana Location of the state of Montana in the United States Coordinates: , Country State County Yellowstone Founded 1877 Incorporated 1882 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Ronald Tussing  - city Admin. ... Bozeman is a city in southwestern Montana, USA. It is the county seat of Gallatin County. ... Uptown Butte 1942 view of the city Butte is a city in Silver Bow County, Montana and is the county seat. ... Nickname: Location of Great Falls, Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Cascade Government  - Mayor Dona Stebbins Area  - Total 19. ... Havre (IPA ) is a city in Hill County, Montana, is said to be named after the city of Le Havre in France[1][2], although this is disputed by some inhabitants. ... Nickname: Location in Lewis and Clark County, Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Lewis and Clark Founded October 30, 1864 Government  - Mayor James E. Smith Area  - Total 14. ... Kalispell is a city in Flathead County, Montana, USA. The population was 14,223 at the 2000 census. ... Location of Missoula in Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Missoula Founded 1866 Government  - Mayor John Engen Area  - City 23. ... Miles City is a city in Custer County, Montana, United States. ...

Anaconda, county seat of Anaconda-Deer Lodge County, is located in mountainous southwestern Montana. ... Belgrade is a city located in Gallatin County, Montana. ... Columbia Falls is a city in Flathead County, Montana, United States. ... Cut Bank is a city located in Glacier County, Montana. ... Deer Lodge is a city in Powell County, Montana, United States. ... Street corner, Dillon in August 1942 Dillon is a city in Beaverhead County, Montana, United States. ... Fort Benton is a city located in Chouteau County, Montana. ... Glasgow is a city in Valley County, Montana, United States. ... Glendive is a city in Dawson County, Montana, United States. ... Hamilton is a city in Ravalli County, Montana, United States. ... Hardin is a city located in Big Horn County, Montana. ... Old silos bearing ads at the entrance to Laurel Laurel is a city located in Yellowstone County, Montana. ... Lewistown is a city in Fergus County, Montana, United States. ... Livingston is a city located in Park County, Montana, USA. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 6,851. ... Some clouds over Flathead Lake in Polson Montana Polson is a city located on the southern shore of Flathead Lake in Lake County, Montana. ... Shelby is a city in and county seat of Toole County, Montana, United States. ... Sidney is a city in Richland County of the U.S. state of Montana, less than 15. ... Three Forks is a city in Gallatin County, Montana, United States. ...

Counties

The State of Montana has 56 counties. List of Montana counties: Beaverhead County Big Horn County Blaine County Broadwater County Carbon County Carter County Cascade County Chouteau County Custer County Daniels County Dawson County LP16 Deer Lodge County Fallon County Fergus County Flathead County Gallatin County LP6 Garfield County LP50 Glacier County Golden Valley County Granite County... United States of America, showing states, divided into counties. ...

Montana Counties Ranked By 2005 Population[13]
Rank County Population   Rank County Population
1 Yellowstone County 136,691 29 Powell County 6,999
2 Missoula County 100,086 30 Blaine County 6,629
3 Flathead County 83,172 31 Teton County 6,240
4 Cascade County 79,569 32 Pondera County 6,087
5 Gallatin County 78,210 33 Chouteau County 5,463
6 Lewis and Clark County 58,449 34 Toole County 5,031
7 Ravalli County 39,940 35 Broadwater County 4,517
8 Silver Bow County 32,982 36 Musselshell County 4,497
9 Lake County 28,297 37 Phillips County 4,179
10 Lincoln County 19,193 38 Mineral County 4,014
11 Hill County 16,304 39 Sweet Grass County 3,672
12 Park County 15,968 40 Sheridan County 3,524
13 Glacier County 13,552 41 Granite County 2,965
14 Big Horn County 13,149 42 Fallon County 2,717
15 Fergus County 11,551 43 Judith Basin County 2,198
16 Custer County 11,267 44 Wheatland County 2,037
17 Jefferson County 11,170 45 Liberty County 2,003
18 Sanders County 11,057 46 Meagher County 1,999
19 Roosevelt County 10,524 47 Daniels County 1,836
20 Carbon County 9,902 48 McCone County 1,805
21 Rosebud County 9,212 49 Powder River County 1,705
22 Richland County 9,096 50 Carter County 1,320
23 Deer Lodge County 8,948 51 Garfield County 1,199
24 Beaverhead County 8,773 52 Golden Valley County 1,159
25 Dawson County 8,688 53 Prairie County 1,105
26 Stillwater County 8,493 54 Wibaux County 951
27 Madison County 7,274 55 Treasure County 689
28 Valley County 7,143 56 Petroleum County 470

Yellowstone County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Powell County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Missoula County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Blaine County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Flathead County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Teton County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Cascade County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Pondera County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Gallatin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Montana. ... Chouteau County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Lewis and Clark County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Toole County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Ravalli County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Broadwater County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Silver Bow County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Musselshell County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Lake County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Phillips County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Lincoln County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Mineral County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Hill County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Sweet Grass County is a county located in the state of Montana, USA. As of 2000, the population is 3,609. ... Park County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Sheridan County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Glacier County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Granite County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Big Horn County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Fallon County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Fergus County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Judith Basin County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Custer County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Wheatland County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Liberty County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Sanders County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Meagher County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Roosevelt County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Daniels County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Carbon County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... McCone County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Rosebud County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Powder River County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Richland County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Carter County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Deer Lodge County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Garfield County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Beaverhead County is the largest county by area in the state of Montana. ... Golden Valley County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Dawson County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Prairie County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Stillwater County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Wibaux County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Madison County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Treasure County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Valley County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Petroleum County is a county located in the state of Montana. ...

Education

Colleges and universities

The state-funded Montana University System consists of: The Montana State University System was created on July 1, 1994, when the Montana Board of Regents of Higher Education restructured the states colleges and universities into two umbrella universities, Montana State University System and the University of Montana System. ...

Major Tribal Colleges in Montana include: Montana State University - Bozeman (MSU) is a public university located in Bozeman, Montana, USA. It is the main campus in the Montana State University System and the states land-grant university. ... Montana State University - Billings is a state university located in Billings, Montana (USA). ... Montana State University - Northern is a state university, part of the Montana State University System, located in Harve, Montana (USA). ... University of Montana The University of Montana campus, 1999. ... Montana Tech is a university located in Butte, Montana. ... Dawson Community College is a community college, of approximately 400 students, located in Glendive, Montana, which offers 2 year certificate programs or 4 year associates degree programs. ...

Major Private Colleges and Universities include: Litle Big Horn College is a Native American tribal college based in Crow Agency, Montana. ... Fort Peck Community College is one of seven tribal community colleges in the state of Montana. ... The Fort Peck Community College is locatated in Poplar and Wolf Point, Montana, USA. Fort Peck Community College (FPCC) is a public two-year tribally-coltrolled community college chartered by the govermment of the Fort Peck Assiniboine and Sioux Tribes. ... Salish Kootenai College (SKC) is a Native American tribal college based in Pablo, Montana which serves the Bitterroot Salish, Kootenai, and Pend dOreilles tribes. ...

Carroll College is a private Catholic liberal arts college in Helena, Montana, USA. Carroll College opened its doors in 1910. ... The University of Great Falls, a private Catholic University, is fully accredited by the Northwest Association of Schools and Colleges. ... Rocky Mountain College, Montanas oldest and first institution of higher learning, founded in 1878 eleven years prior to statehood, is a private comprehensive college offering over 25 liberal arts and professionally oriented majors. ...

Sports

Professional sports

There are no major league sports franchises in Montana, due to the state's relatively small and dispersed population, but a number of minor league teams play in the state. Baseball is the minor-league sport with the longest heritage in the state, and Montana is currently home to four Minor League baseball teams, all members of the Pioneer Baseball League: Major Leagues redirects here. ... Minor leagues in the sense intended in this article are professional sports leagues which are not regarded as the premier leagues in those sports. ... This article is about the sport. ... For the organization which many minor leagues belong to, see Minor League Baseball Part of the History of baseball series. ... Pioneers | logo = PioneerLeague. ...

The Billings Outlaws are a professional indoor football team affiliated with the United Indoor Football league. The Missoula Osprey are a minor league baseball team, an affiliate of the Arizona Diamondbacks. ... The Great Falls White Sox is a minor league baseball team based in Great Falls, Montana. ... The Helena Brewers are a minor league baseball team located in Helena, Montana. ... The Billings Mustangs are a minor league baseball team based in Billings, Montana. ... The Billings Outlaws are a professional arena football team. ... Indoor football is a variation of American football with rules modified to make it suitable for play within ice hockey arenas. ... United Indoor Football is an indoor American football league that was started in 2005. ...


There are five junior hockey teams in Montana, all affiliated with the Northern Pacific Hockey League: Hockey is any of a family of sports in which two teams compete by trying to maneuver a ball, or a hard, round disc called a puck, into the opponents net or goal, using a hockey stick. ... This article lacks information on the importance of the subject matter. ...

The Billings Bulls are a Junior A level ice hockey team currently playing in the NORPAC (Northern Pacific Hockey League) and based in Billings, Montana. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Missoula Maulers are an Ice Hockey team from Missoula, Montana. ...

Collegiate and amateur sports

All of Montana's four-year colleges and universities field a variety of intercollegiate sports teams. The two largest schools, the University of Montana and Montana State University, are members of the Big Sky Conference and have enjoyed a strong athletic rivalry since the early twentieth century. Most of the smaller four-year schools in the state belong to the Pioneer Conference. The University of Montana campus, 1999. ... Montana State University - Bozeman (MSU) is a public university located in Bozeman, Montana, USA. It is the main campus in the Montana State University System and the states land-grant university. ... The Big Sky Conference (or BSC) is an intercollegiate college athletic conference affiliated with the NCAA’s Division I, with football competing in the Football Championship Subdivision (FCS; formerly Division I-AA). ... The Pioneer Conference is a high school athletics conference in northeastern Ohio. ...


Football and basketball are the two most popular sports at the high school level. Montana is one of the few states where the smallest high schools participate in six-man football leagues. United States simply as football, is a competitive team sport that is both fast-paced and strategic. ... This article is about the sport. ... Six-man football is a variant of high school American football that is played with six players per team, instead of 11. ...


Numerous other sports are played at the club and amateur level, including softball, rugby, and soccer. Softball is a team sport popular especially in the United States. ... Look up rugby in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Soccer redirects here. ...


Miscellaneous topics

  • The planned battleship USS Montana was named in honor of the state. However, the battleship was never completed, making Montana the only one of the 48 states during World War II not to have a battleship named after it. Additionally, Alaska and Hawaii have both had nuclear submarines named after them. As such Montana is the only state in the union without a modern naval ship named in its honor. However, in August 2007 Senator Jon Tester made a request to the Navy that a submarine be christened USS Montana.[14]
  • In 1902, a group of female students from the Fort Shaw Indian Industrial School began playing basketball and traveled throughout Montana, defeating high school teams and some college teams. In 1904, the girls' basketball team traveled by train to the St. Louis World's Fair. Over a period of five months, the team was challenged by numerous other basketball teams and won every contest, returning to Fort Shaw with the "world champion" trophy. On May 1, 2004, a monument in honor of the basketball team was unveiled at the entrance of the present-day Fort Shaw Elementary School.
  • In the movie 'Star Trek: First Contact', Montana is the location of the fictitious first contact between humans and an alien race, the Vulcans. Star Trek producer Brannon Braga is originally from Bozeman, Montana. However, no Montana locations were used in the shooting of the film.
  • Montana has the largest grizzly bear population in the lower 48 states.
  • In 1888, Helena (the current state capital) had more millionaires per capita than any other city in the world.

For other uses, see Battleship (disambiguation). ... Three ships of the United States Navy have been named USS Montana in honor of the 41st state. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Jonathan Jon Tester (born August 21, 1956) is the Democratic Senator-elect from Montana. ... For other uses, see Submarine (disambiguation). ... The Hell Creek Formation is the division of Upper Cretaceous rocks in North America. ... Orders & Suborders Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Theropoda Ornithischia Thyreophora Ornithopoda Marginocephalia Dinosaurs were vertebrate animals that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for over 160 million years, first appearing approximately 230 million years ago. ... For other uses, see Fossil (disambiguation). ... John Jack R. Horner (born June 15, 1946) is an American paleontologist who discovered and named the Maiasaura, providing the first clear evidence that dinosaurs cared for their young. ... The Museum of the Rockies is located in Bozeman, Montana, and is known for its paleontological collections. ... Bozeman is a city in southwestern Montana, USA. It is the county seat of Gallatin County. ... Jane is a renowned juvenile Tyrannosaurus Rex fossil discovered in the Hell Creek Formation in southern Montana. ... This article is about the sport. ... Entrance to Creation Exhibit on the Pike Map of the St. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Star Trek: First Contact (Paramount Pictures, 1996; see also 1996 in film), is the eighth feature film based on the popular Star Trek science fiction television series. ... Brannon Braga at a 2006 lecture Brannon Braga (born August 14, 1965 in Bozeman, Montana) is an American television producer and screenwriter who is mostly known for his significant contributions to the Star Trek series since 1990. ... Bozeman is a city in southwestern Montana, USA. It is the county seat of Gallatin County. ... For the Brooklyn-based indie rock band, see Grizzly Bear (band). ... Gulf of Mexico in 3D perspective. ... New York Harbor, the outflow for Hudson River, is sometimes called Hudsons Bay. Hudson Bay, Canada. ... Triple Divide Peak (8020 ft/2444 m) is located in Glacier National Park, Montana, United States. ... Nickname: Location in Lewis and Clark County, Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Lewis and Clark Founded October 30, 1864 Government  - Mayor James E. Smith Area  - Total 14. ...

State symbols

This is a list of U.S. state flowers: External link Juelies State Flower Garden of Gifs See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: Lists of flowers | U.S. state insignia ... Binomial name Lewisia rediviva Pursh The bitterroot (Lewisia rediviva Pursch) is a small, low, pink flower with yellow center that is the state flower of Montana in the United States. ... This List of U.S. state trees includes official trees of the following states and U.S. possessions: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia National Grove of State Trees External link USDA list of state trees and flowers Categories: U.S. state insignia | Lists of plants | Trees ... Binomial name Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C. Lawson Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) is a widespread and very variable pine native to western North America. ... A state animal is the official or representative animal of a U.S. state. ... For the Brooklyn-based indie rock band, see Grizzly Bear (band). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Sturnella neglecta Audubon, 1844 The Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta, is a medium-sized blackbird, very similar in appearance to the Eastern Meadowlark. ... This is a list of official U.S. state fish: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia Categories: U.S. state insignia ... For other uses, see Trout (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Sapphire (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Agate (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that List of U.S. state dinosaurs be merged into this article or section. ... Binomial name Horner & Makela, 1979 Maiasaura (meaning good mother lizard) is a large duck-billed dinosaur genus that lived in the area currently covered by the state of Montana in the Upper Cretaceous Period (Campanian), about 74 million years ago. ... Binomial name Nymphalis antiopa Linnaeus, 1758 The Mourning Cloak or Camberwell Beauty (Nymphalis antiopa) is a butterfly native to Eurasia and North America. ...

Ski areas

The Big Sky Resort
The Big Sky Resort

Montana has several ski areas including: Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1365 pixels, file size: 358 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2048 × 1365 pixels, file size: 358 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ...

Havre (IPA ) is a city in Hill County, Montana, is said to be named after the city of Le Havre in France[1][2], although this is disputed by some inhabitants. ... Big Mountain are an American Reggae band, most famous for the song Baby I Love Your Way. Their Pop-Reggae Style has earned them the label The American UB40. Categories: Musical group stubs | Reggae musical groups ... View from top of Big Mountain, near Whitefish, in winter Whitefish is a city located in Flathead County, Montana. ... Big Sky Resort is a ski resort located in southwestern Montana in Gallatin County, an hour south of Bozeman via U.S. Highway 191 in Big Sky, Montana. ... Big Sky is a census-designated place (CDP) in Montana, United States. ... Lakeside is a census-designated place located in Flathead County, Montana. ... Bridger Bowl is a local ski hill for the residents of Bozeman, Montana and students at Montana State University-Bozeman. ... Bozeman is a city in southwestern Montana, USA. It is the county seat of Gallatin County. ... Philipsburg is a town located in Granite County, Montana. ... Great Divide Ski Area is a small scale ski area in southwestern Montana used by the locals of Helena, Montana. ... Nickname: Location in Lewis and Clark County, Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Lewis and Clark Founded October 30, 1864 Government  - Mayor James E. Smith Area  - Total 14. ... Darby is a town located in Ravalli County, Montana. ... Location of Missoula in Montana Coordinates: , Country State County Missoula Founded 1866 Government  - Mayor John Engen Area  - City 23. ... Moonlight Basin is a ski resort in southwestern Montana located in the Spanish Peaks mountain range of the Rocky Mountains near the small village of Big Sky, MT. It shares a common mountain, Lone Peak, with nearby Big Sky Resort. ... Big Sky is a census-designated place (CDP) in Montana, United States. ... Main Street, Red Lodge, Montana, July 2000 Red Lodge is a city in Carbon County, Montana, United States. ... Showdown Ski Area a Montana ski resort is located near Neihart, Montana, approximately 65 miles from Great Falls. ... White Sulphur Springs is a city located in Meagher County, Montana. ... Category: ... Libby is a city in Lincoln County, Montana, United States. ... Category: ... Choteau is a city located in Teton County, Montana. ...

See also

  • List of Montana-related topics
Montana Portal

Image File history File links Flag_of_Montana. ...

References

  1. ^ a b Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S. Geological Survey (29 April 2005). Retrieved on November 6, 2006.
  2. ^ a b c d e Western Regional Climate Center "Climate of Montana"
  3. ^ a b Animal Range and Sciences, Extension Service, Montana State University - "Climate of Montana"
  4. ^ Visit MT.com "Montana Facts"
  5. ^ a b c Billings Gazette, UM climate expert says triple-digit Julys will be norm - August 27, 2007
  6. ^ Glacier Monitoring Research. Monitoring and Assessing Glacier Changes and Their Associated Hydrologic and Ecologic Effects in Glacier National Park. U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved on 2007-06-27.
  7. ^ NOAA - National Climatic Data Center "Climate of 2007 - July in Historical Perspective" August 15, 2007
  8. ^ The Missoulian "Beetles shaping Montana's forest lands"
  9. ^ a b Missoulan "Forest Service finds varied beetle activity"
  10. ^ Language Map Data Center
  11. ^ Population and Population Centers by State: 2000. U. S. Census Bureau (2000). Retrieved on 2008-05-07.
  12. ^ Craft Brewing Industry Statistics
  13. ^ Table 1: Annual Estimates of the Population for Counties of Montana: April 1, 2000 to July 1, 2005 (CSV). 2005 Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division (2006-03-16). Retrieved on 2007-01-09.
  14. ^ Press Release Detail

is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance with the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 127th day of the year (128th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The comma-separated values (or CSV; also known as a comma-separated list or comma-separated variables) file format is a file type that stores tabular data. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 75th day of the year (76th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 9th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Further reading

  • Bennion, Jon. Big Sky Politics. Five Valleys Publishing, April 2004. ISBN 1-888550-13-9
  • Lopach, James. We the People of Montana: The Workings of a Popular Government. Falcon Press, 1983 ISBN 0-87842-159-9
  • Kittredge, William. The Last Best Place: A Montana Anthology. (From the back cover: "...over 230 stories, poems, reminiscences, and reports written by 140 men and women. The book is divided into eight sections with introductory essays by William Bevis, Mary Clearman Blew, William Kittredge, William Lang, Richard Roeder, Annick Smith, and James Welch.") University of Washington: 1990. 1158 pages. ISBN 0-295-96974-1.
  • Howard, Joseph Kinsey. Montana: High, Wide, and Handsome. Bison Books: 2003. ISBN 0-8032-7339-8.
  • Howard, Joseph Kinsey. Montana Margins: A State Anthology. Yale University Press,: 1946. ISBN 0-8369-2652-8.
  • Malone, Michael P., Richard B. Roeder and William L. Lang. Montana: A History of Two Centuries. University of Washington: 1991. ISBN 0-295-97129-0.
  • Toole, K. Ross. Montana: An Uncommon Land. University of Oklahoma: 1984. ISBN 0-8061-1890-3.
  • Doig, Ivan, Dancing at the Rascal Fair. Scribner: 1987. ISBN 0-689-11764-7.
  • Doig, Ivan, English Creek. Peter Smith Publisher Inc: 1992. ISBN 0-8446-6608-4.
  • MacLean, Norman, A River Runs Through It. University of Chicago Press: 1976. ISBN 0-226-50060-8.
  • MacLean, Norman, Young Men and Fire. University of Chicago Press: 1992. ISBN 0-226-50061-6.
  • Walker, Mildred. Winter Wheat. Harcourt: 1967. ISBN 0-15-197223-0.
  • Walter, Dave, et al. Speaking Ill of the Dead: Jerks in Montana History. Falcon Press, 2000. ISBN 1-58592-032-0
  • Axline, Jon, et al. Still Speaking Ill of the Dead: More Jerks in Montana History. Falcon Press, 2005. ISBN 1-58592-032-0

William Kittredge became a major voice with his 1987 collection of essays, Owning It All, about the modern West. ... William Kittredge became a major voice with his 1987 collection of essays, Owning It All, about the modern West. ... Annick Smith (born 1936) is a writer and filmmaker whose work often focuses on the natural world. ... James Welch (1940–August 4, 2003) born in Browning, Montana was an award winning author and poet. ... Joseph Kinsey Howard(February 28, 1906- August 25, 1951) was an American news editor and leader of Great Falls ,a historian, and author. ... Joseph Kinsey Howard(February 28, 1906- August 25, 1951) was an American news editor and leader of Great Falls ,a historian, and author. ... K. Ross Toole Kenneth Ross Toole (August 8, 1920 - August 13, 1981) was an American historian, author, and educator who specialized in the history of Montana. ... Ivan Doig (born on June 27, 1939) is an American novelist. ... Ivan Doig (born on June 27, 1939) is an American novelist. ... Norman Fitzroy Maclean (23 December 1902 in Clarinda, Iowa — 2 August 1990 in Chicago, Illinois) was an American author and scholar most noted for his books A River Runs Through It and Other Stories (1976) and Young Men and Fire (1992). ... Norman Fitzroy Maclean (23 December 1902 in Clarinda, Iowa — 2 August 1990 in Chicago, Illinois) was an American author and scholar most noted for his books A River Runs Through It and Other Stories (1976) and Young Men and Fire (1992). ...

External links

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Preceded by
South Dakota
List of U.S. states by date of statehood
Admitted on 1889-11-08 (41st)
Succeeded by
Washington

Coordinates: 47° N 110° W Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Idaho (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English Demonym North Carolinian Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th in the US  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (340 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Demonym North Dakotan Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th in the US  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... Official language(s) English Demonym South Dakotan Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th in the US  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym West Virginian Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st in the US  - Total 24,230 sq mi (62,755 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Federal districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... Motto Samoa, Muamua Le Atua(Samoan) Samoa, Let God Be First Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner, Amerika Samoa Capital Pago Pago; Fagatogo (seat of government) Official languages English, Samoan Government  -  Governor Togiola Tulafono United States unincorporated territory  -  Treaty of Berlin 1899   -  Deed of Cession of Tutuila 1900   -  Deed of Cession... Anthem: Gi Talo Gi Halom Tasi(Chamorro) Satil Matawal Pacifiko(Carolinian) Capital Saipan Official languages English, Chamorro, Carolinian Government Presidential representative democracy  -  Governor Benigno R. Fitial  -  Lt. ... For the board game, see Puerto Rico (board game). ... Motto United in Pride and Hope Anthem Virgin Islands March Capital (and largest city) Charlotte Amalie Official languages English Government  -  Head of State George W. Bush  -  Governor John de Jongh Organized, unincorporated territory  -  Revised Organic Act 22 July 1954  Area  -  Total 346. ... The flag of the United States is used for all of the United States Minor Outlying Islands Map showing the location of the islands in the Pacific Ocean (highlighted with red boxes) The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1, consists of nine insular... Bajo Nuevo Bank, also called the Petrel Islands, is located in the western United States and Jamaica. ... Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°13′N 176°31′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Howland Island Howland Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°48′N 176°38′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Jarvis Island (formerly also known as Bunker Island[1]) is an uninhabited 4. ... Johnston Atoll is a 130 km² atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at 16°45′N 169°30′W, about one-third of the way from Hawaii to the Marshall Islands. ... The flag of the US is used for Kingman Reef Kingman Reef Kingman Reef—NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Kingman Reef is a one-square-kilometer tropical coral reef located in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly half way between Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa at 6°24... Orthographic projection centred over Midway. ... Navassa Island map from The World Factbook Navassa Island - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Navassa Island (La Navase in French, Lanavaz in Haitian Kreyòl) is a small, uninhabited island in the Caribbean Sea. ... Palmyra Atoll - Landsat Image N-03-05_2000 (1:50,000) Palmyra Atoll - Marplot Map (1:50,000) Orthographic projection over Palmyra Atoll Palmyra Atoll, is an incorporated atoll administered by the United States government. ... Serranilla Bank is a western Caribbean island located about 210 miles north-northeast of Nicaragua. ... USGS Landsat 7 ETM+ satellite image of Wake Island. ... Official language(s) English Demonym South Dakotan Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th in the US  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... The order which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order that the others were admitted to the union This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. ... Year 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 312th day of the year (313th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Official State of Montana Vacation, Recreation, Accommodations and Travel Information Website (710 words)
Montana is home to some of the world's most amazing dinosaur discoveries.
Montana Magazine's regular column, featuring Montana communities with tips on dining and lodging as well as things to see and do.
Montana has learned to accept wildfires as an inevitable result of living so close to natural and wild areas.
Montana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2639 words)
Montana was the scene of the Native Americans' last effort to keep their land, and the last stand of U.S. Army Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer was fought near the present day town of Hardin.
Despite its sizable American Indian population, Montana is one of the most homogenous states— nearly 90% of its residents are of European descent, with a large number of immigrants of German, Irish, Norwegian, Welsh, Cornish, Italian and Slovak heritage arriving in the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Montana elected its first Democratic governor in 16 years in 2004, and both chambers of the legislature are currently controlled by the Democrats.
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