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Encyclopedia > Montalcino
Comune di Montalcino
Coat of arms of Comune di Montalcino
Municipal coat of arms
Country Flag of Italy Italy
Region Tuscany
Province Siena (SI)
Mayor Massimo Ferretti (since June 2004)
Elevation 567 m
Area 243 km²
Population
 - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 5,131
 - Density 21/km²
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 43°03′N, 11°29′E
Gentilic Montalcinesi
Dialing code 0577
Postal code 53024, 53028
Frazioni Camigliano, Castelnuovo dell'Abate, S.Angelo in Colle, S. Angelo Scalo, Torrenieri, Tavernelle
Website: www.comune.montalcino.si.it

Montalcino is a hilltown and comune in Tuscany, Italy. It is famous for its Brunello di Montalcino wine. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Tuscany (Italian: )is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... Siena (Italian: Provincia di Siena) is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Tuscany (Italian: )is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Brunello di Montalcino is a red wine, produced in the vineyards surrounding the town of Montalcino in Italy. ... A glass of red wine This article is about the alcoholic beverage. ...

A view of Montalcino.
A view of Montalcino.

The town is located to the west of Pienza, close to the Crete Senesi in Valdorcia. It is 42 km from Siena, 110 km from Florence and 150 km from Pisa. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Pienza is town and commune in the province of Siena, in the Val dOrcia in Tuscany (central Italy), between the towns of Montepulciano and Montalcino. ... The Crete Senesi refers to an area of the Italian region of Tuscany to the south of Siena. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Piazza del Campo Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... This article discusses the Italian city. ...

Contents

History

The hill upon which Montalcino sits has been settled probably since Etruscan times. Its first mention in historical documents in 814 AD suggests there was a church here in the 9th century, most likely built by monks who were associated with the nearby Abbey of Sant'Antimo. The population grew suddenly in the middle of the tenth century when people fleeing the nearby town of Roselle took up residence in the town. Map showing the extent of the Etruscan civilization and the twelve Etruscan League cities. ... Events Louis the Pious succeeds Charlemagne as king of the Franks and Emperor. ... As a means of recording the passage of time the 9th century was that century that lasted from 801 to 900. ... A Roman Catholic monk A monk is a person who practices monasticism, adopting a strict religious and ascetic lifestyle, usually in community with others following the same path. ... Rusellae was an ancient town of Etruria, Italy, about 10 miles southeast of Vetulonia and 5 miles northeast of Grosseto, situated on a hill with two summits, the higher 636 ft. ...


The town takes its name from a variety of oak tree that once covered the terrain. The very high site of the town offers stunning views over the Asso, Ombrone and Arbia valleys of Tuscany, dotted with silvery olive orchards, vineyards, fields and villages. The lower slopes of the Montalcino hill itself are dominated by highly productive vines and olive orchards. Tuscany (Italian: )is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... Binomial name Olea europaea L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Lebanon and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian...


During medieval times the city was known for its tanneries and for the shoes and other leather goods that were made from the high quality leathers that were produced there. As time went by, many medieval hill towns, including Montalcino, went into serious economic decline. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ...


In the case of Montalcino ill fortune has recently been reversed by international tourism, but also because Montelcino sits in the middle of one of Italy's most important grape-growing areas. The famed Brunello vines for which the region is famous produce the grapes which are used for the production of a number of DOC vintages and a couple of DOCG, Super Tuscan wines.


Like many of the medieval towns of Tuscany, Montalcino experienced long periods of peace and often enjoyed a measure of prosperity. This peace and prosperity was, however, interrupted by a number of extremely violent episodes.


During the late middle ages it was an independent comune with considerable importance owing to its location on the old Via Francigena, the main road between France and Florence, but increasingly Montalcino came under the sway of the larger and more aggressive city of Siena. Route of the Via Francigena The Via Francigena is an ancient road to Rome for those coming from France. ... Florence (Italian: ) is the capital city of the region of Tuscany, Italy. ... Piazza del Campo Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ...

Montalcino
Montalcino

As a satellite of Siena since the Battle of Montaperti in 1260, Montalcino was deeply involved and affected by the conflicts in which Siena became embroiled, particularly in those with city of Florence in the 14th and 15th centuries, and like many other cities in central and northern Italy, the town was also caught up in the internecine wars between the Ghibellines (supporters of the Holy Roman Empire) and the Guelphs (supporters of the Papacy). Factions from each side controlled the town at various times in the late medieval period. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... The Battle of Montaperti was fought on September 4, 1260, between Florence and Siena in Tuscany as part of the conflict between the Guelphs and Ghibellines. ... The magnificent Cathedral of Chartres was dedicated in 1260. ... The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting, respectively, the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in Italy during the 12th century and 13th century. ... The extent of the Holy Roman Empire in c. ... The Guelphs and Ghibellines were factions supporting, respectively, the Papacy and the Holy Roman Empire in Italy during the 12th century and 13th century. ...


Once Siena had been conquered by Florence under the rule of the Medici family in 1555, Montalcino held out for almost four years, but ultimately fell to the Florentines, under whose control it remained until the Grand Duchy of Tuscany was amalgamated into a united Italy in 1861. The Medici coat of arms The Medici family was a powerful and influential Florentine family from the 13th to 17th century. ... Events Russia breaks 60 year old truce with Sweden by attacking Finland February 2 - Diet of Augsburg begins February 4 - John Rogers becomes first Protestant martyr in England February 9 - Bishop of Gloucester John Hooper is burned at the stake May 23 - Paul IV becomes Pope. ... The Grand Duchy of Tuscany was a state in central Italy which came into existence in 1569, replacing the Duchy of Florence, which had been created out of the old Republic of Florence in 1532, and which annexed the Republic of Siena in 1557. ... 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar) // January 1 - Benito Juárez captures Mexico City January 2 - Friedrich Wilhelm IV of Prussia dies and is succeeded by...

Castle in Montalcino.
Castle in Montalcino.
View from the Castle.
A view into the town today.
A view into the town today.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (3504 × 2336 pixel, file size: 4. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1944 × 2592 pixel, file size: 2. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 450 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1944 × 2592 pixel, file size: 2. ...

Main sights

The first medieval walls were built in the 13th century. The fortress was built at the highest point of the town in 1361, on a pentagonal plan designed by the Sienese architects, Mino Foresi and Domenico di Feo. The fortress incorporates some of the pre-existing southern walls, the pre-existing structures including the keep of Santo Martini, the San Giovanni tower and an ancient basilica which now serves as the castle chapel. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Founding of the University of Pavia, Italy. ... St. ...


Down the narrow, short street that extends from the main gate of the fortress is the Chiesa di Sant'Agostino with its simple Romanesque façade, also built in the 13th century. Romanesque St. ... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ...


The building adjacent to the church is a one-time convent, but it is now the home of the Musei Riuniti which is both a civic and diocesan museum. The museums hold various works, including a gorgeous wooden crucifix by an unknown artist of the Sienese school, two beautiful 15th century wooden sculptures and several other sculptures in terracotta which appear to be of the Della Robbia school. The collection also includes a St Peter and St Paul by Ambrogio Lorenzetti and a Virgin and Child by Simone Martini. (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Della Robbia may mean: Luca della Robbia (1400-1482), Italian sculptor Andrea della Robbia (1435-1525), Italian sculptor, nephew of Luca Giovanni della Robbia, son of Andrea Girolamo della Robbia, son of Andrea This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share... Ambrogio Lorenzetti (or Ambruogio Laurati) (c. ... Petrachs Virgil (title page) (c. ...


The Duomo (cathedral), dedicated to San Salvatore, was originally built in the 14th Century, but it now has a neo-classical appearance thanks to extensive renovation work that was done in the early 19th century under the direction of Sienese architect Agostino Fantasici.


The main piazza, the Piazza del Popolo, is downhill from the fortress and Duomo on the via Matteotti. The principle building on the piazza is the town hall, once the Palazzo dei Priori (built late 13th, early 14th century) but now the Palazzo Comunale. The palace is adorned with the coats of arms of the Podesta who once ruled the city. A very high medieval tower is incorporated into the palazzo. Close by is a Renaissance structure with six round arches, called La Loggia, which was started at the very end of the 14th century and finished in the early 15th, but which has undergone much restoration work over the subsequent centuries. A piazza is an open square in a city, often used as a marketplace, found in Italy. ... The Renaissance (French for rebirth, or Rinascimento in Italian), was a cultural movement in Italy (and in Europe in general) that began in the late Middle Ages, and spanned roughly the 14th through the 17th century. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ...


Montalcino is divided, like most medieval Tuscan cities, into quarters called contrade. The thirteenth-century church of San Francesco in the Castlevecchio contrada has undergone several renovations. Some of the interior frescoes were done by Vincenzo Tamagni in the early sixteenth century. The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times. ... Vincenzo Tamagni (1492 - c. ...


There are many other medieval buildings in Montalcino that make up its centro storico (historical center). As with many other similar cities, money from tourism is aiding the cause of restoration and preservation.


Other attractions

Fresco by Dionisius representing Saint Nicholas. ... The Sienese School of painting flourished in Italy between the 13th and 15th centuries and for a time rivalled Florence, though it was more conservative, being inclined towards the decorative beauty and elegant grace of late Gothic art. ... The Abbey of SantAntimo The Benedictine Abbey of SantAntimo is situated in the province of Siena, near Montalcino. ... Munichs city symbol celebrates its founding by Benedictine monks—the origin of its name A Benedictine is a person who follows the Rule of St Benedict. ... Bold textTHIS IS THE PAGE THAT A.S. REALLY NEEDS!! THIS IS NOW MARKED!!! ] ps i like A.O. This article is about an abbey as a Christian monastic community. ... Paleontology, palaeontology or palæontology is the study of prehistoric life forms on Earth through the examination of plant and animal fossils. ... FOSSIL is a standard for allowing serial communication for telecommunications programs under DOS. FOSSIL is an acronym for Fido Opus Seadog Standard Interface Layer. ... This article or section cites very few or no references or sources. ... A Fin Whale The term whale is ambiguous: it can refer to all cetaceans, to just the larger ones, or only to members of particular families within the order Cetacea. ... A glass of red wine This article is about the alcoholic beverage. ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini era. ...

Books

The Australian Isabella Dusi has written two books on her life in the town:

  • Vanilla beans and brodo ISBN 0-7434-0411-4
  • Bel Vino: A Year of Sundrenched Pleasure Among the Vines of Tuscany ISBN 0-7434-7844-4

Gallery

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...

References

  1. ^ Prehistoric Whale Found at Castello Banfi [1] accessed 22 March 2007


Coordinates: 43°03′N, 11°29′E Image File history File links Provincia_di_Siena-Stemma. ... Tuscany (Italian: )is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Siena (Italian: Provincia di Siena) is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy. ... Abbadia San Salvatore is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 110 km southeast of Florence and about 60 km southeast of Siena. ... Asciano is a town of Tuscany, in the province of Siena, 30km SE of the town of Siena by rail. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 147 m Area 64. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Valentina Feti (since June 2004) Elevation 417 m Area 148. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 578 m Area 99. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 351 m Area 177. ... Castiglione dOrcia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located about 90 km southeast of Florence and about 40 km southeast of Siena. ... Cetona is a town and comune in the province of Siena, Tuscany. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 475 m Area 36. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 564 m Area 142. ... Chiusi (Latin: Clusium; Etruscan: Clevsin; Umbrian: Camars) is a town and comune in Siena province, Tuscany. ... Panorama of Colle di Val dElsa. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 360 m Area 129. ... Montepulciano is a town and commune in the province of Siena, in Central Tuscany (Italy) on a high limestone ridge. ... Monteriggioni, Tuscany Sitting on a small natural hillock, this completely walled medieval town in the Siena Province of Tuscany was built in the 13th century by the overlords of Siena to command the Cassia Road running through the Val dElsa and Val Staggia just to the west of Monteriggioni. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 161 m Area 105. ... Monticiano is a town in Tuscany, Italy, administratively part of the Province of Siena. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 294 m Area 115. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 772 m Area 69. ... Pienza is town and commune in the province of Siena, in the Val dOrcia in Tuscany (central Italy), between the towns of Montepulciano and Montalcino. ... Poggibonsi is a town in Tuscany. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 530 m Area 80. ... Radicofani is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Siena in the Italian region Tuscany, located in the natural park of Valdorcia about 110 km southeast of Florence and about 60 km southeast of Siena. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 509 m Area 132. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 334 m Area 83. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 582 m Area 91. ... San Gimignano is a small walled medieval hilltop town in Tuscany, Italy, about a 35-minute drive northwest of Siena or southwest of Florence. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 310 m Area 66. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 409 m Area 42. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 525 m Area 85. ... Piazza del Campo Siena is a city in Tuscany, Italy. ... Sinalunga is a town and commune in the province of Siena, in the Tuscany region of Italy. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 265 m Area 143. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 325 m Area 58. ... Country Italy Region Tuscany Province Province of Siena (SI) Mayor Elevation 453 m Area 64. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Strat's Place - Daniel Rogov - Brunello di Montalcino - 1997 A Very Special Harvest (4111 words)
Sassetti and Tigli, Brunello di Montalcino, 1995: Medium to full bodied, with the kind of structure and backbone that indicates a wine that is intended for long-term aging.
Sesti, Brunello di Montalcino, Castello di Argiano, 1997: Deep garnet red, with orange and purple reflections as it is held to the light, this full bodied and well balanced wine has a tempting array of fl fruit, wild berry, mint and earthy flavors and aromas, all of which come together in mouthfilling ways.
Ciacci Piccolomini d'Aragon, Brunello di Montalcino, Vigna di Pian Rosso 1997: With a deep red towards purple color, this full bodied and sensuous wine has ample fl fruit, berry, cassis aromas and flavors, all with appealing overlays of tobacco and what might be a hint of sweet spices that creep in at the end.
History (742 words)
MONTALCINO: "This luminous place." Rises 564 meters above the river valleys of the Ombrone to the Northwest, the Orcia to the South and the L'Asso to the East.
Montalcino encompasses nearly 24 thousand square hectares, half of which is covered in characteristic Mediterranean marshes, native grasses and forests.
Montalcino's ancient name was Monte Ilcinus after the leccio "holm oak" (Quercus ilex.) The Oaks of Montalcino have covered its hills and valleys from prehistory to present day, sharing their territory with the Olive tree, the Chestnut tree and Montalcino's most famous plant the Brunello grapevine, also known as Sangiovese Grosso.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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