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Encyclopedia > Monster truck
2005 Bigfoot monster truck racing in Arizona
2005 Bigfoot monster truck racing in Arizona

A monster truck is an automobile, typically a pickup truck, which has been modified or purposely built with extremely large wheels and suspension. They are used for popular entertainment and in some cases they are featured alongside Motocross races, mud bogging, tractor pulls and car-eating robots. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1373x881, 679 KB) Monster truck: BigFoot - Taken by Jot Powers 10/2004 File links The following pages link to this file: Wikipedia:Infobox Bigfoot (truck) Monster truck User:Wikibofh/temp ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1373x881, 679 KB) Monster truck: BigFoot - Taken by Jot Powers 10/2004 File links The following pages link to this file: Wikipedia:Infobox Bigfoot (truck) Monster truck User:Wikibofh/temp ... Bigfoot is known as the original monster truck and remains one of the most popular trucks in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... Karl Benzs Velo (vélo means bicycle in French) model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race 2005 MINI Cooper S. An automobile (also motor car or simply car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... Mazda B-Series compact pickup truck with extended cabin and home-made wooden rack. ... The force bearing on the axle has an eccentricity e with the point of contact to the rolling surface and exerts a moment about the contact point A wheel is a circular device capable of rotating on its axis, facilitating movement or transportation or performing labour in machines. ... The front suspension components of a Ford Model T. Suspension is the term given to the system of springs, shock absorbers and linkages that connects a vehicle to its wheels. ... A rider cornering during a motocross race in Australia Motocross (often shortened to MX or MotoX) is a form of motorcycle sport or all-terrain vehicle racing held on enclosed off-road circuits. ... Mud bogging, also known as mud racing, mud running and mud drags, is a form of off-road motorsport popular in the United States in which the goal is to drive a vehicle through a pit of mud of a set length. ... A tractor Pull is a Competition where heavely modified Farm Tractors do a timed Drag race with various amounts of weight behind it. ... Robosaurus is a transforming robotic dinosaur created by inventor Doug Malewicki in 1989 and is currently owned and operated by Monster Robots, Inc. ...


Typically, a monster truck show involves the truck crushing smaller vehicles beneath its huge tires. These trucks can run up and over most man-made barriers, so they are equipped with remote shut-off switches, called the Remote Ignition Interuptor (RII), to help prevent an accident if the driver loses control at any time. At some events, only one truck is on the course at a time, while most feature two drivers racing each other on symmetrical tracks, with the losing driver eliminated in single-elimination tournament fashion.


In recent years, many monster truck competitions have ended with a "freestyle" event. Somewhat akin to figure skating with giant trucks, drivers are free to select their own course around the track and its obstacles. Drivers will often try a 'Donut', also called a Cyclone, which involves spinning the truck in a high speed circle, and maybe even deliberately rolling the truck over. Additional items for the drivers to crush - usually including a mobile home - are frequently placed on the track specifically for the freestyle event. Freestyle, in Monster Truck competition, is an event where the goal is to perform tricks and stunts with the truck in order to demonstrate driver skill and truck capability. ... Figure skating is an ice skating sporting event where individuals, mixed couples, or groups perform spins, jumps, and other moves on the ice, often to music. ... A modern double-wide manufactured home. ...

Contents

History

In the late 1970s, modified pickup trucks were becoming popular and the sports of mud bogging and truck pulling were gaining in popularity. Several truck owners had created lifted trucks to compete in such events, and soon competition to hold the title of "biggest truck" developed. The trucks which garnered the most national attention were Jeff and Steve Dane's Awesome Kong, Bob Chandler's Bigfoot, and Fred Shafer and Jack Willman Sr.'s Bear Foot. At the time, the largest tires the trucks were running were 48 inches in diameter. A suspension lift is a modification, usually done by offroad enthusiasts to raise the ride height of a four wheel drive vehicle. ... Awesome Kong is a monster truck that races on several independent circuits. ... Bigfoot is known as the original monster truck and remains one of the most popular trucks in the United States. ...


Sometime in the late 1970s, the Dane brothers began using Awesome Kong to drive over automobiles at county fairs, making Awesome Kong officially the first truck to crush cars in front of an audience. Unaware of this, Chandler drove Bigfoot over a pair of cars in a field as a test of the truck's ability, and filmed it to use as a promotional tool in his four wheel drive performance shop. An event promoter saw the video of the car crush and asked Chandler to do it in front of a crowd. Initially hesitant, Chandler eventually caved in. After some smaller shows, Chandler performed the feat in the Pontiac Silverdome in 1982. At this show, Chandler also debuted a new version of Bigfoot with 66 inch diameter tires. The event was a major success and launched Bigfoot as the first true "monster truck", under the current definition. The term "monster truck" was also coined at this time, reportedly by United States Hot Rod Association founder Bob George. Karl Benzs Velo (vélo means bicycle in French) model (1894) - entered into the first automobile race 2005 MINI Cooper S. An automobile (also motor car or simply car) is a wheeled passenger vehicle that carries its own motor. ... For other uses of the word fair see Fair (disambiguation) Fair is the name for the gathering together of people to display or trade produce or other goods, to parade or display animals and often to enjoy associated carnival or fairground entertainment. ... A disputed record setting 93,173 fans in attendance for WrestleMania III at the Pontiac Silverdome. ... The United States Hot Rod Association is an organization owned by Clear Channel Communications and it markets various motorsports. ...


Both Awesome Kong and Bear Foot followed Bigfoot to 66 inch diameter tires, and soon other monster trucks, such as King Krunch, USA-1, and Virginia Giant were being constructed. These early trucks were built off of stock chassis which were heavily reinforced, used leaf spring suspension, a stock body, and heavy military axles to support the tires. As a result, the trucks were incredibly heavy (usually 13,000 to 20,000 lb.) and most times had to crawl up onto the cars. An editor has expressed a concern that the subject of the article does not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ... A traditional leaf spring arrangement. ...


For most of the early 1980s, monster trucks performed primarily exhibitions as a side show to truck pulling or mud bogging events. In 1985, major promoters, such as the USHRA and TNT Motorsports, began racing monster trucks on a regular basis. The races, as they are today, were in the form of single elimination drag races, held over a course littered with obstacles. The change to racing eventually led truck owners to begin building lighter trucks, with more power. The establishment of TNT's first-ever monster truck points championship in 1988 expedited the process and found teams beginning to use straight-rail frames, fiberglass bodies, and lighter axle components to shave weight and gain speed. The United States Hot Rod Association is an organization owned by Clear Channel Communications and it markets various motorsports. ... TNT Motorsports was a popular promoter of monster truck races and tractor pulls in the 1980s. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Bundle of fiberglass Fiberglass or glassfibre is material made from extremely fine fibers of glass. ...


In 1988, to standardize rules for truck construction, teams formed the Monster Truck Racing Association (MTRA). The MTRA created standards for several performance and safety features. The organization still plays a major role in the sport's development to this day.


With racing taking precedence, several teams began to think in new ways as to how the trucks could be built. In 1988, Jack Willman Sr., now with his own truck, Taurus, built a new truck which used a four-link suspension system and large coil springs, and that weighed in at close to 9,000 lb. The following year, another coil sprung truck, Equalizer debuted. The ultimate coup de grâce, however, came from Chandler, whose Bigfoot VIII featured a Baja 1000 inspired full tubular chassis and a long-travel suspension using nitrogen compression shock absorbers to cushion the landings. The truck revolutionized how monster trucks were built, and within a few years most top level teams built similar vehicles. Equalizer is a monster truck that races on the USHRA circuit. ... Look up coup de grâce in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Rider at Mile 328 of the Baja 1000 Four-wheel vehicle known as a Truggy Baja 1000 is an off-road race that takes place on Mexicos Baja California Peninsula in the fall. ... General Name, Symbol, Number nitrogen, N, 7 Chemical series nonmetals Group, Period, Block 15, 2, p Appearance colorless gas Standard atomic weight 14. ... A shock absorber is a mechanical device designed to smooth out or damp a sudden shock impulse and dissipate kinetic energy. ...


In 1991, TNT was purchased by USHRA and their points series were merged. The Special Events championship began to grow in popularity with teams as it had open qualifying spots which the invite-only USHRA championship did not have. The Special Events series lost its Pendaliner sponsorship in 1996, but the series is still running. The short-lived ProMT series started in 2000.


Although racing was dominant as a competition, USHRA events began having freestyle exhibitions as early as 1993. These exhibitions were developed as drivers, notably Dennis Anderson of the extremely popular Grave Digger, began asking for time to come out and perform if they lost in early rounds of racing. Promoters began to notice the popularity of freestyle among fans, and in 2000 USHRA began holding freestyle as a judged competition at events, and now even awards a freestyle championship. Dennis Anderson (born October 10, 1960) is a professor at Moorpark College, he freaking sucks at teaching. ... Grave Digger (often referred to as simply Digger) is the name of a team of monster trucks currently racing in the USHRA Monster Jam series. ...

A typical track for arena monster truck shows. The cars have ramps on one side for racing and are left bare on the other side for freestyle. The jumps around the perimeter are for ATV races.
A typical track for arena monster truck shows. The cars have ramps on one side for racing and are left bare on the other side for freestyle. The jumps around the perimeter are for ATV races.

Today, USHRA's Monster Jam series is the largest series based on number of events, with trucks like Grave Digger, Maximum Destruction, and Bounty Hunter. Bigfoot often runs with Checkered Flag Productions, which is the second largest promoter of events, and also runs in the Monsters of Destruction series. Other series such as the Monster Truck Challenge Series, Monster Nationals, AMP Live Events, Chris Arel Motorsports, Southern Monster Truck Showdown and Special Events all also hold major events. Monster truck events remain extremely popular, especially in major markets throughout North America and Europe, including New York, Los Angeles, Toronto, United Kingdom, Stockholm, Amsterdam, Antwerp, Zurich, and Milano. They are the second biggest form of touring family entertainment shows in these regions, behind Disney's touring ice shows. Image File history File linksMetadata Hartfordmj. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Hartfordmj. ... ARENA may refer to either: Nationalist Republican Alliance, a political party in El Salvador. ... A group of “quad” all terrain vehicles This article is primarily about land-dwelling ATVs. ... Monster Jam is a television show and live event created by Live Nation (formerly Clear Channel Entertainment). ... Maximum Destruction is a monster truck currently racing in the USHRA Monster Jam series. ... Bounty Hunter is a monster truck currently racing in the USHRA Monster Jam series. ... Monsters of Mass Destruction a television show and racing series featuring monster trucks. ... Monster Nationals is the name of the monster truck series run by Image Promotions. ... NY redirects here. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th Century Population (April 2007)  - City 782,885  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ... Nickname: Motto: Heldhaftig, Vastberaden, Barmhartig (Valiant, Determined, Compassionate) Location of Amsterdam Coordinates: Country Netherlands Province North Holland Government  - Mayor Job Cohen (PvdA)  - Aldermen Lodewijk Asscher Hennah Buyne Carolien Gehrels Tjeerd Herrema Maarten van Poelgeest Marijke Vos  - Secretary Erik Gerritsen Area [1][2]  - City 219 km²  (84. ... For other uses, see Antwerp (disambiguation). ... Location within Switzerland   Zürich[?] (German pronunciation IPA: ; usually spelled Zurich in English) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and capital of the canton of Zürich. ... This is about the Italian city of Milan. ... The Walt Disney Company (NYSE: DIS) is one of the largest media and entertainment corporations in the world. ...


Truck design

A modern monster truck is more of a scaled up, four wheel drive dune buggy. As such, they generally aren't actual "trucks" and only maintain their name due to the common style of fiberglass bodies used on the vehicles. Trucks now have custom built tubular chassis, with four-link suspensions to provide up to four feet of travel. Mounted just behind the driver on most trucks are the engines, which are typically supercharged, run on methanol, and have displacement up to 575 cubic inches. Axles are typically out of either heavy-duty military trucks or road vehicles like school buses, and are modified to have a planetary gear reduction at the hub to help turn the tires. All trucks have hydraulic steering in both the front and the rear (four wheel steering), with the front wheels controlled by the steering wheel and the rear wheels by a toggle switch. The tires are typically "Terra" tires used on fertilizer spreaders, and have measurements of 66"x43"x25". Most trucks utilize a modified automatic transmission, such as a Turbo 400, Powerglide, C-6 and sometimes a Powerflite 727. Most of these transmissions are heavily modified with transbrakes, manual valve bodies, and heavy duty gear sets, and are commonly air-shifted. Another popular transmission in monster trucks is the Lenco, a transmission that dates back to drag racing. Trucks running a Lenco use a slipper clutch off the line (vehicles with the Lencodrive transmission use a torque converter), are usually used in two-speed or three speed form, and are usually air-shifted. Four wheel drive or 4x4, is a type of four wheeled vehicle drivetrain configuration that enables all four wheels to receive power from the engine simultaneously in order to provide maximum traction. ... Dune buggy George W. Bush in a Dune buggy A dune buggy is a recreational vehicle with small wheels, and thin tires, designed for use on water dunes or beaches. ... A supercharger (also known as a blower) is an air compressor used to force more air (and hence more oxygen) into the combustion chamber(s) of an internal combustion engine than can be achieved at ambient atmospheric pressure. ... Methanol, also known as methyl alcohol, carbinol, wood alcohol, wood naptha or wood spirits, is a chemical compound with chemical formula CH3OH. It is the simplest alcohol, and is a light, volatile, colourless, flammable, poisonous liquid with a distinctive odor that is somewhat milder and sweeter than ethanol (ethyl alcohol). ... One complete cycle of a four cylinder, four stroke engine. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Planetary is an adjective meaning relating to a planet or planets. ... Steering is the term applied to the collection of components, linkages, etc. ... A modern road cars steering wheel Steering wheels from different periods A steering wheel is a type of steering control used in most modern land vehicles, including all mass-production automobiles. ... A toggle switch is a generic class of electric switch that uses a mechanical lever, handle or rocking mechanism to actuate it. ...


The trucks have many safety features, several required just to run in the small arenas that the trucks frequent. The aforementioned RII is one of three kill switches on each truck, the other two being one within the driver's reach in the cab, and another at the rear of the truck so that the engine may be shut off in the event of a rollover. Drivers sit in the center of the cab for visibility, and also have clear floorboards to see where they are going when the truck's front wheels are in the air. Drivers are required to wear firesuits, safety harnesses, helmets, and head and neck restraints. Most moving parts on the truck are also shielded, and high pressure components have restraining straps, both in case of an explosion. ARENA may refer to either: Nationalist Republican Alliance, a political party in El Salvador. ... NOMEX® is the brand name of a flame retardant meta-aramid material marketed and first discovered by DuPont in the 1970s. ... A safety harness is an apparatus designed to protect a person working at an altitude from falling. ... This article is about the headgear. ... The HANS device (Head And Neck Support device) is a safety item compulsory in many car racing sports. ...


Popular culture

Because of their initial popularity in conjunction with tractor pulls and mud bogs, monster trucks are often portrayed as being popular solely among rednecks. The cast of The Dukes of Hazzard, representing an assortment of redneck stereotypes. ...


Monster trucks are also often portrayed as being a form of motorized professional wrestling. Commonly cited evidence is the use of names for the trucks, rather than numbers and sponsors, and often accusations of rigged races, as some trucks (including Bigfoot and Grave Digger) are seen as winning more often in order to please the crowd. However, promoters have widely denied rigging races, and many shows often feature evidence to the contrary when the unpredictable happens. Perhaps more than the redneck stereotype, the pro-wrestling stereotype is hated among drivers and teams, who feel they are unfairly disrespected despite their work to compete at a high level, and among fans who would like to see the sport treated by the media as NASCAR is currently. However, as monster truck events do feature a considerably more show-like atmosphere than most other motorsports, the events can be considered a form of "sports entertainment". This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For the 1996 Blur single, see Stereotypes (song). ... The National Association for Stock Car Auto Racing (NASCAR) is the largest sanctioning body of motorsports in the United States. ... Sports entertainment is a type of entertainment that superficially takes the form of a sporting event, but with more emphasis on dramatic storylines, humor, spectacle or titillation than on the contest of athletic skills. ...


The advertising of monster truck events has also become a part of popular culture. A familiar 1980s series of radio commercials for various monster truck races featured a screaming announcer (most famously, Larry "Supermouth" Huffman), blaring rock background music, and heavy use of reverb, and usually began each spot with "Sunday!!! Sunday!!! Sunday!!!", and ending with "BE THERE!!!!!!". Although commonly associated with monster trucks, the ads were conceived in the 1960s for funny car match races at drag strips. As some promoters of those events also became promoters for monster truck events, the ads were retooled to fit the monster trucks. The ads have been frequently parodied in other advertisements. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... Elevator music, also known as piped music or Muzak, refers to the gentle, bland arrangements of popular music designed for play in shopping malls, grocery stores, telephone systems (while the caller is on hold), and, of course, elevators. ... When sound is produced in an enclosed space multiple reflections build up and blend together creating reverberation or reverb. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Funny Car is an NHRA drag racing car class. ... A dragstrip is a facility for conducting automobile acceleration events. ... Parody of Back to the Future In contemporary usage, a parody is a work that imitates another work in order to ridicule, ironically comment on, or poke some affectionate fun at the work itself, the subject of the work, the author or fictional voice of the parody, or another subject. ...


Movie and music appearances

  • Take This Job and Shove It - A truck competition in the middle of the film features Bigfoot (this is probably the earliest appearance by a monster truck in a major film).
  • Ace Ventura: When Nature Calls - Zebra striped Chevrolet Monster Truck.
  • The Beverly Hillbillies - Hillbillies car turned into a Monster Truck.
  • Blues Brothers 2000 - The Blues Brothers play a concert at a Monster Truck rally
  • Cannonball Run II - Bigfoot is set to run the race but gets a flat tire.
  • Herbie: Fully Loaded - A monster truck tried to crush Herbie.
  • Idiocracy - Multiple Monster Trucks attack the lead character.
  • Joe Dirt - Joe is seen on on a big screen at a Monster Truck rally with Mongoose crushing cars
  • Kid Rock's video for "Forever" has an American Flag paint schemed truck in it.
  • Monster Man - Movie about a deranged killer who drives a monster truck.
  • Rat Race - The Codys find themselves in a monster-truck event, and eventually drive a monster-truck to the railroad station.
  • Road House - Bigfoot has multiple appearances.
  • Tango & Cash - Two different monster trucks are seen in the ending chase.
  • Jibbs - A monster truck is used in the music video for the song 'King Kong'.
  • Police Academy 2: Their First Assignment - Tackleberry and Kirkland leave their wedding in Bigfoot.
  • Police Academy 6: City Under Siege - Bigfoot is used to drive through a cramped street, crushing many cars in the process.

Take This Job and Shove It is a 1981 film, starring Robert Hays, Barbara Hershey, Art Carney, and David Keith, and directed by Gus Trikonis. ... Ace Ventura: When Nature Calls (1995) is a movie made as a sequel to Ace Ventura, Pet Detective (1994). ... The Beverly Hillbillies is a 1993 20th Century Fox comedy motion picture starring Jim Varney (of the Ernest movies), Diedrich Bader, Erika Eleniak, Cloris Leachman, Lily Tomlin, Dabney Coleman, Lea Thompson, Rob Schneider, and Penny Fuller. ... Blues Brothers 2000 is a 1998 musical/comedy film and sequel to the highly successful 1980 film The Blues Brothers. ... See also Cannonball Baker Sea-To-Shining-Sea Memorial Trophy Dash Cannonball Run II is a film that was released in 1984. ... Bigfoot is known as the original monster truck and remains one of the most popular trucks in the United States. ... Idiocracy is a 2006 comedy film directed by Mike Judge. ... Joe Dirt (tv/working title: The Adventures of Joe Dirt) is a 2001 cult film starring David Spade, Dennis Miller, Christopher Walken, Brittany Daniel, Jaime Pressly, Erik Per Sullivan and Kid Rock. ... Robert James Ritchie (born January 17, 1971), best known as Kid Rock, is an American rapper, singer and rock musician most notable for his albums Devil Without a Cause and Cocky and his hit singles Bawitdaba and Picture. ... Rat Race is a 2001 comedy film (not to be confused with The Rat Race of 1960) directed by Jerry Zucker. ... Road House is a 1989 film directed by Rowdy Herrington and starring Patrick Swayze as a top bouncer at a seedy roadside bar. ... Bigfoot is known as the original monster truck and remains one of the most popular trucks in the United States. ... Tango & Cash (1989) is an American action/comedy directed by Albert Magnoli (though the credit is given to Andrei Konchalovsky, he quit and Magnoli, who also directed Purple Rain took over), starring Sylvester Stallone, Kurt Russell, Teri Hatcher and Jack Palance. ... Jovan Campbell (Born November 13, 1990 in St. ... Police Academy 2 is the first sequel of 6 to follow in the series of comedic police movies about misfit cops who try to keep law and (dis)order in town. ... Bigfoot is known as the original monster truck and remains one of the most popular trucks in the United States. ... Bigfoot is known as the original monster truck and remains one of the most popular trucks in the United States. ...

See also

Thunder Nationals is the name of a monster truck series run by the USHRA. The series primarily consists of monster truck racing and freestyle in indoor arenas. ... A slap wheelie is a specific form of freestyle trick performed by monster trucks. ... Monster Truck Madness is a PC game developed by Terminal Reality and published by Microsoft, in 1996. ...

External links

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  Results from FactBites:
 
Monster truck at AllExperts (1874 words)
All trucks have hydraulic steering in both the front and the rear (four-wheel steering), with the front wheels controlled by the steering wheel and the rear wheels by a toggle switch.
Trucks running a Lenco use a slipper clutch off the line (vehicles with the Lencodrive transmission use a torque converter), are usually used in two-speed or three speed form, and are usually air-shifted.
Monster trucks are also often portrayed as being a form of motorized professional wrestling.
Monster Truck (250 words)
Monster trucks are the toughest, most durable class of R/C vehicles.
The reason monster trucks are able to go over virtually any obstacle is becaase they are geared for maximum torque, not speed.
A monster truck is a good choice for a person who likes to bash and abuse their R/C vehicle, and who wants to be able to put it to the limits.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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