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Encyclopedia > Monoplane
The low-wing of a de Havilland Dove.
The low-wing of a de Havilland Dove.
The mid-wing of a de Havilland Vampire T11.
Enlarge
The mid-wing of a de Havilland Vampire T11.
The high-wing of a de Havilland Canada Dash 8.
The high-wing of a de Havilland Canada Dash 8.
The parasol wing of a Dornier Do 24 flying boat.
The parasol wing of a Dornier Do 24 flying boat.

A monoplane is an aircraft with one main set of wing surfaces, in contrast to a biplane or triplane. de Havilland Dove at the Great Vintage Fly-in Weekend, Kemble, England, May 2003. ... de Havilland Dove at the Great Vintage Fly-in Weekend, Kemble, England, May 2003. ... The de Havilland DH.104 Dove was a monoplane short-haul airliner, the successor to the bi-plane De Havilland Dragon Rapide and was one of Britains most successful post-war civil designs. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1154, 860 KB) The mid wing of a de Havilland Vampire T11 at Kemble Air Day, Gloucestershire, England. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1800x1154, 860 KB) The mid wing of a de Havilland Vampire T11 at Kemble Air Day, Gloucestershire, England. ... The de Havilland Vampire, or DH.100, was the second jet-engined aircraft commissioned into the Royal Air Force during World War II (the first being the Gloster Meteor), although it did not see combat in that conflict. ... Bombardier (De Havilland Canada) Dash 8 (G-JEDK) landing at Bristol Airport, Bristol, England. ... Bombardier (De Havilland Canada) Dash 8 (G-JEDK) landing at Bristol Airport, Bristol, England. ... A DeHavilland DHC-8-102 belonging to Air Inuit at Cornwall Ontario, May 2005 The de Havilland Canada DHC-8, popularly the Dash 8, is a series of twin-turboprop airliners designed by de Havilland Canada in the early 1980s. ... A Dutch-built Dornier Do 24 flying-boat. ... A Dutch-built Dornier Do 24 flying-boat. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... An Airbus A380, currently the worlds largest airliner An aircraft is any vehicle or craft capable of atmospheric flight. ... Hs123 biplane. ... A triplane is a fixed-wing aircraft equipped with three sets of wings, each roughly the same size and mounted one above the other. ...


The main distinction in types of monoplane is how the wings attach to the fuselage:

  • low-wing, the wing lower surface is level with the bottom of the fuselage
  • mid-wing, the wing is mounted mid-way up the fuselage
  • shoulder-wing, the wing is mounted above the fuselage middle
  • high-wing, the wing upper surface is level with the top of the fuselage
  • parasol, the wing is mounted above the fuselage (now rare)

Louis Bleriot flew across the English Channel in 1909 in a mid-wing monoplane of his own design. The Fokker 'Eindecker' of 1915 was a successful fighter aircraft. Louis Blériot Louis Blériot (July 1, 1872 in Cambrai - August 2, 1936 in Paris) was a French inventor and engineer, who performed the first flight over a large body of water in a heavier-than-air craft. ... Map of the English Channel Satellite view of the English Channel The English Channel (French: La Manche (IPA: ), the sleeve) is the part of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic. ... 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Fokker 100 of British Midland Airways For the physicist and musician, see Adriaan Fokker. ... 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Monoplanes then went out of fashion, and remained so until the 1930s. Most military aircraft of WW2 were monoplanes, as have been virtually all jet powered aircraft since. Military aircraft are airplanes used in warfare. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... A Pratt and Whitney turbofan engine for the F-15 Eagle is tested at Robins Air Force Base, Georgia, USA. The tunnel behind the engine muffles noise and allows exhaust to escape. ...


History

Félix du Temple's 1874 Monoplane.
Félix du Temple's 1874 Monoplane.

Probably the first monoplane was the Monoplane built in 1874 by Felix du Temple de la Croix, a large plane made of aluminium in Brest, France, with a wingspan of 13 meters and a weight of only 80 kilograms (without the pilot). Several trials were made with the plane, and it is generally recognized that it achieved lift off under its own power after a ski-jump run, glided for a short time and returned safely to the ground, possibly making it the first successful powered flight in history, depending on the definition — since the flight was only a short distance and a short time. Image File history File links 1874DuTemple. ... Image File history File links 1874DuTemple. ... Félix du Temples 1874 Monoplane. ... Félix du Temples 1874 Monoplane. ... 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Félix du Temple de la Croix (1823–1890). ... General Name, Symbol, Number aluminium, Al, 13 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 13, 3, p Appearance silvery Atomic mass 26. ... Location within France Brest, at the tip of Brittany Brest is a city in the Bretagne région, north-west France, sous-préfecture of the Finistère département. ... The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ...


Another early monoplane was constructed by Romanian inventor Traian Vuia, who made a flight of 12 m (40 feet) on March 18, 1906. Two years later, Louis Blériot built his own monoplane and flew it across the English Channel. Traian Vuias flying machine (March 18, 1906) Traian Vuia (August 17, 1872 - September 3, 1950) was a Romanian inventor, designed and built a self-propelling heavier-than-air aircraft. ... 1906 (MCMVI) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Louis Blériot Louis Blériot (July 1, 1872 – August 2, 1936) was a French inventor and engineer, who performed the first flight over a large body of water in a heavier-than-air craft. ... Map of the English Channel Satellite view of the English Channel The English Channel (French: La Manche (IPA: ), the sleeve) is the part of the Atlantic Ocean that separates the island of Great Britain from northern France and joins the North Sea to the Atlantic. ...


Richard Pearse of New Zealand had built a monoplane in which he made attempts at controlled powered flight on the 31st of March 1903, although the lack of outside knowledge of his achievements meant that his design had almost no influence in the general development of the aeroplane. Richard Pearse For the film director, see Richard Pearce. ... 1903 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Monoplane (122 words)
Although they are now the norm, the popularity of monoplanes has varied through the history of flight.
Louis Bleriot flew across the English Channel in 1909 in a mid-wing monoplane of his own design.
Most military aircraft of WW2 were monoplanes, as have been all turbo-jet[?] powered aircraft since.
Monoplane - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (339 words)
Probably the first monoplane was the Monoplane built in 1874 by Felix du Temple de la Croix, a large plane made of aluminium in Brest, France, with a wingspan of 13 meters and a weight of only 80 kilograms (without the pilot).
Another early monoplane was constructed by Romanian inventor Traian Vuia, who made a flight of 12 m (40 feet) on March 18, 1906.
Richard Pearse of New Zealand had built a monoplane in which he made attempts at controlled powered flight on the 31st of March 1903, although the lack of outside knowledge of his achievements meant that his design had almost no influence in the general development of the aeroplane.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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