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Encyclopedia > Monolatrism

Monolatrism or monolatry is a form of theology where adherents believe in the existence of multiple deities but worship only one. In contrast to monotheists, monolatrists accept the existence of other gods. Theology (Greek θεος, theos, God, + λογος, logos, word or reason) means reasoned discourse concerning religion, spirituality and God. ... Look up deity in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In theology, monotheism (in Greek μόνος = single and θεός = God) is the belief in the existence of one deity or God, or in the oneness of God. ...


Monolatrism and Judaism

Some scholars claim the Torah (Pentateuch) shows evidence of monolatrism in some passages. This argument is normally based on references to other gods, such as the "god of the Egyptians" in Exodus. Torah () is a Hebrew word meaning teaching, instruction, or law. It is the central and most important document of Judaism revered by Jews through the ages. ... Look up Pentateuch in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Exodus is the second book of the Torah (the Pentateuch) and also the Tanakh (the Hebrew Bible), and the Christian Old Testament. ...


The first of the Ten Commandments has been interpreted as monolatry: "Thou shalt have no other gods before Me" (emphasis added). The Ten Commandments on a monument on the grounds of the Texas State Capitol This 1768 parchment (612x502 mm) by Jekuthiel Sofer emulated 1675 decalogue at the Esnoga synagogue of Amsterdam The Ten Commandments, or Decalogue, are a list of religious and moral imperatives which, according to religious tradition, were...


Cust notes that this also appears in later texts:

If anyone doubts the monolatrism of the Hebrews, let him consider the title "God of all gods"; and Psalm lxxxvi, 8, 10:
"Among the gods there is none unto Thee, O Lord; there is not one that can do as Thou doest."
"Thou art God alone." (p. 21)

See also

Belief Systems

Acosmism | Agnosticism | Antitheism | Atheism | Deism | Determinism | Esotericism | Eutheism, dystheism, and maltheism | Gnosticism | Henotheism | Ignosticism | Kathenotheism | Monotheism | Monolatrism | Mysticism | New Age | Nondualism | Nontheism | Omnitheism | Pandeism | Panendeism | Panentheism | Pantheism | Polydeism | Polytheism | Spiritualism | Theism | Theopanism | Transcendentalism | Transtheism Acosmism, in contrast to pantheism, denies the reality of the universe, seeing it as ultimately illusory, (the prefix a- in Greek meaning negation; like un- in English), and only the infinite unmanifest Absolute as real. ... Agnosticism is the philosophical view that the (truth) values of certain claims—particularly theological claims regarding the existence of God, gods, or deities—are unknown, inherently unknowable, or incoherent, and therefore, (some agnostics may go as far to say) irrelevant to life. ... Antitheism (sometimes anti-theism) is a direct opposition to theism. ... Atheism, in its broadest sense, is the absence of theism (the belief in the existence of deities). ... Deism is a modern religious movement that originated in 17th and 18th century Europe and North America. ... Determinism is the philosophical proposition that every event, including human cognition and action, is causally determined by an unbroken chain of prior occurrences. ... Esotericism is knowledge suitable only for an inner circle of the initiated, advanced or privileged. ... Dystheism is the belief that there is a God that does exist and that this God is evil, or at best not wholly good. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Henotheism (Greek heis theos one god) is a term coined by Max Müller, to mean devotion to a single God while accepting the existence of other gods. ... Ignosticism (often confused with apathetic agnosticism or apatheism) is the view that the question of the existence of God is meaningless because it has no verifiable (or testable) consequences and should therefore be ignored. ... Kathenotheism is a term coined by the philologist Max Müller to mean the worship of one god at a time. ... In theology, monotheism (in Greek μόνος = single and θεός = God) is the belief in the existence of one deity or God, or in the oneness of God. ... Mysticism from the Greek μυστικός an initiate (of the Eleusinian Mysteries, μυστήρια meaning initiation[1]) is the pursuit of achieving communion or identity with, or conscious awareness of, ultimate reality, the divine, spiritual truth, or God through direct experience, intuition, or insight; and the belief that such experience is an important source... New Age describes a broad movement characterized by alternative approaches to traditional Western culture. ... Nondualism is the belief that dualism or dichotomy are illusory phenomena. ... Nontheism (or non-theism), broadly conceived, according to Caporale & Grumelli (1971) , is the absence of belief in both the existence and non-existence of a deity (or deities, or other numinous phenomena). ... Omnitheism is a neologism from the Latin omni - all or every and the Greek theos - god. It is taken to mean belief in all gods or belief in every god. It is the view that every religion contains at its core an understanding of the nature of the universe, but... Pandeism (or a Pandæan religion) was a term originally used by Godfrey Higgins, a historian of religions, [1] to describe a religious society that he purported had existed from ancient times, and at one time had been known throughout the entire world. ... Panendeism is simply Deism together with the belief that the universe is a part of God, but not all of God. ... Panentheism (Greek words: pan=all, en=in and Theos=God; all-in-God) is the view that God is immanent within all Creation or that God is the animating force behind the universe. ... Pantheism (Greek: pan = all and Theos = God) literally means God is All and All is God. It is the view that everything is of an all-encompassing immanent God; or that the universe, or nature, and God are equivalent. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Polytheism is belief in, or worship of, multiple gods or divinities. ... Spiritualism is a religious movement, prominent from the 1840s to the 1920s, found primarily in English-speaking countries. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article contains information that has not been verified and thus might not be reliable. ... Transcendentalism was a group of new ideas in literature, religion, culture, and philosophy that emerged in the New England region of the United States of America in the early-to mid-nineteenth century. ... Transtheism is the belief in one or more deities. ...

References

  • Robert Needham Cust (1805). Essay on the Common Features which Appear in All Forms of Religious Belief. Luzac & Co.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Deity - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1361 words)
Henotheism is a form of polytheism in which one god is worshipped as supreme.
Monolatrism is a type of polytheism in which gods are believed to exert power only on those who worship them.
Animism is the belief that spirits inhabit every existing thing, including plants, minerals, animals and, including all the elements, air, water, earth, and fire.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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