FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
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Encyclopedia > Monocytosis

Monocytosis is an increase in the number of circulating monocytes. A monocyte is a leukocyte, part of the human bodys immune system that protect agains blood-borne pathogens and move quickly to sites of infection in the tissues. ...

Monocytosis often occurs during chronic inflammation. Diseases that produce this state include tuberculosis, chronic neutropenia, and Hodgkin's disease. Tuberculous lungs show up on an X-ray image Tuberculosis is an infection with the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis, which most commonly affects the lungs (pulmonary TB) but can also affect the central nervous system (meningitis), lymphatic system, circulatory system (miliary TB), genitourinary system, bones and joints. ... It has been suggested that Agranulocytosis be merged into this article or section. ...

Monocytosis can also occur during certain leukaemias, such as chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia (CMML). Leukemia (leukaemia in Commonwealth English) is a group of blood diseases characterized by malignancies (cancer) of the blood-forming tissues. ...

-- 03:48, 27 November 2005 (UTC)Monocytosis: Defined as a monocyte count exceeding the upper limit of the reference range of 950/mcL, monocytosis commonly is caused by the following:

Bacterial infections:These include tuberculosis, subacute bacterial endocarditis, and brucellosis.

Other infections: Syphilis, viral infections (eg, infectious mononucleosis), and many protozoal and rickettsial infections (eg, kala azar, malaria, Rocky Mountain spotted fever) are included.

Malignancies: Malignancies include chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, monocytic leukemia, Hodgkin disease, and myeloproliferative disorders.

Recovery phase of neutropenia or an acute infection

Autoimmune disease and vasculitis: These include systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, and inflammatory bowel disease.

Miscellaneous causes: Sarcoidosis and lipid storage disease are included.

-- 03:48, 27 November 2005 (UTC)

  Results from FactBites:
Cecil Textbook of Medicine : /> (232 words)
Accordingly, monocytosis is often seen in patients with tuberculosis, syphilis, fungal infections, ulcerative and granulomatous colitis, and sarcoidosis (Table 163-6).
Mild monocytosis is common in patients with Hodgkin's disease and a variety of cancers.
High levels of monocytes in the blood are most often seen in patients with hematopoietic malignancies, including acute and chronic myelomonocytic leukemia, acute monocytic leukemia, and chronic myelogenous leukemia of the juvenile type.
  More results at FactBites »



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