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Encyclopedia > Monetary policy of Sweden

The Monetary policy of Sweden is decided by Sveriges Riksbank, the central bank of Sweden. The monetary policy is instrumental in determining how the Swedish currency, is valued. The main events in the monetary history of the Krona are:

  • Introduction of the Krona, based on the gold standard on May 5, 1873. (1 kg of gold = 2480 Krona)
  • The tie to gold is abolished on August 2, 1914.
  • The tie to gold is de facto re-established in November 1922.
  • The tie to gold is de jure re-established on April 1, 1924
  • The tie to gold is abolished once more on September 27, 1931. Floating exchange rate.
  • A tie to the British Pound is introduced in June 1933. (1 GBP = 19.40 SEK)
  • Tied to the US Dollar on August 28, 1939. (1 USD = 4.20 SEK)
  • A controlled appriciation of 14.3 percent, against all other currencies and gold on July 13, 1946. (1 USD = 3.60 SEK)
  • A controlled depriciation of 30.5 percent against the USD on September 19, 1949. (1 USD = 5.17 SEK)
  • Membership in the International Monetary Fund and party to the Bretton Woods Agreements on August 31, 1951.
  • A controlled depriciation of 1.0 percent against gold and a 7.5 percent appreciation against the USD on December 21, 1971.
  • A controlled depriciation of 5.0 percent against gold and a 5.6 percent appreciation against the USD on February 16, 1973.
  • Membership in the European "currency snake" in March 1973.
  • Adjustment of the exchange rates within the "snake"; a controlled 3 percent depriciation against the DEM on October 18, 1976.
  • Adjustment of the exchange rates within the "snake"; a controlled 6 percent depriciation against the DEM on April 4, 1977.
  • Sweden leaves the "snake". A controlled 10 percent depriciation against a trade based "currency basket" on August 29, 1977.
  • A controlled depriciation of 10 percent against the "currency basket" on September 14, 1981.
  • A controlled depriciation of 16 percent against the "currency basket" on October 8, 1982.
  • A tie to the European Currency Unit is introduced unilaterally on May 17, 1991. (1 ECU = 7.40 SEK)
  • Floating exchange rate on November 19, 1992

See also: Scandinavian Monetary Union




In late 1992 (September 14, Monday) the British pound began a steep decline that made it "leave" the "Exchange Rate Mechanism" on the Wednesday of that week. At the same time the Swedish currency began to decline, the first reaction from the central bank was to try and keep the current fixed exchange rates in place, and they set a target for their equivalent to the federal funds rate ("marginal rate") at 500%. The bank began to sell short term government securities in large amounts but soon realized that market forces were strong, so they lowered their target rate, and let everyone sell what they wanted to sell, and the country saw a large selling of SEK, and SEK denominated papers. Between September 1992 and February 1993 the Swedish currency "TCW" index went from 100 to 125 (20% fall), while the British currency XBP index fell from 200 to 142 (29% fall).

Flows and levels

  • British pound
    • [1] (http://stockcharts.com/def/servlet/SC.web?c=$XBP,uu[500,a)dalannay[d1990101][p][i]]
    • [2] (http://stockcharts.com/def/servlet/SC.web?c=$XBP,uu[500,a)dalannay[d19920101,19940101][p][i]]
  • Swedish krona
    • [3] (http://www.riksbank.com/templates/ItemList.aspx?id=12160)
  • Swedish central bank target rate
    • [4] (http://www.riksbank.com/templates/Page.aspx?id=12188)

Numbers and statistics

  • Liabilities as a percentage of GDP - 1970 - (http://www.scb.se/templates/tableOrChart____24751.asp)

External links

  • Sveriges Riksbank (http://www.riksbanken.se/)

  Results from FactBites:
RBA: Education-Monetary Policy (6807 words)
In these countries, monetary policy could be described as the management of short-term interest rates by central banks in pursuit of the domestic policy objectives, usually defined in terms of inflation and economic growth.
Monetary targeting was abandoned in Australia, and in most other countries, because it was found that the monetary aggregates were becoming increasingly unstable and unrelated to the variables of ultimate concern.
Monetary policy decisions always have to be made on the basis of imperfect information about economic prospects, and the money and credit aggregates represent part of the information (along with an array of other economic indicators) that can potentially help in making these assessments.
Monetary policy - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3406 words)
Monetary policy is the process of managing a nation's money supply to achieve specific goals—such as constraining inflation, achieving full employment or more well-being.
Monetary policy was seen as an executive decision, and was generally in the hands of the authority with seniorage, or the power to coin.
Today this type of monetary policy is not used anywhere in the world, although a form of gold standard was used widely across the world prior to 1971.
  More results at FactBites »



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