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Encyclopedia > Monaural
Label for 1.0 sound, mono.
Label for 1.0 sound, mono.

Monaural (often shortened to mono) sound reproduction is single-channel. Typically there is only one microphone, one loudspeaker, or, in the case of headphones or multiple loudspeakers, they are fed from a common signal path, and in the case of multiple microphones, mixed into a single signal path at some stage. Image File history File links 1_0_channels_(mono)_label. ... Image File history File links 1_0_channels_(mono)_label. ... A microphone, sometimes referred to as a mike or mic (both IPA pronunciation: ), is an acoustic to electric transducer or sensor that converts sound into an electrical signal. ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Radio headphones, circa 1919 Headphones (also known as earphones, earbuds, stereophones, headsets, or by the slang term cans) are a pair of tiny loudspeakers, or less commonly a single speaker, with a way of holding them close to a users ears and a means of connecting them to a... In telecommunication, signalling (or signaling) has the following meanings: The use of signals for controlling communications. ...


Monaural sound has been replaced by stereo sound in most entertainment applications. However, it remains the standard for: Label for 2. ...

A radiotelephone is a communications device that allows two or more people to talk using radio. ... For other uses, see Telephone (disambiguation). ... This article needs to be wikified. ... Behind the ear aid For the song, see Flood (album). ...

History

While some experiments were made with stereophonic recording and reproduction from the early days of the phonograph in the late 19th century, until the second half of the 20th century monaural was the rule for almost all audio recording. Edison cylinder phonograph ca. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... Methods and media for sound recording are varied and have undergone significant changes between the first time sound was actually recorded for later playback until now. ...


Monaural sound is normal on:

Incompatible standards exist for: The earliest method of recording and reproducing sound was on phonograph cylinders. ... It has been suggested that Childrens gramophone records be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Revolutions per minute (disambiguation). ... Mediumwave radio transmissions (sometimes called Medium frequency or MF) are those between the frequencies of 300 kHz and 3000 kHz. ...

  • Later records (monophonic records, which had almost disappeared by 1968, could be played with a stereo cartridge, but not the other way around).
  • Reel-to-reel audio tape recording (Depending on track alignment)

Compatible monaural and stereophonic standards exist for: A reel-to-reel tape recorder (Sony TC-630), typical of those which were once common audiophile objects. ...

No monaural standard exists for: See also IBMs VM operating system family, where minidisk refers to a logical unit of storage. ... Typical 60-minute Compact Cassette. ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ... AM broadcasting is radio broadcasting using Amplitude Modulation. ... Broadcasting is the distribution of audio and/or video signals which transmit programs to an audience. ... The video cassette recorder (or VCR, less popularly video tape recorder) is a type of video tape recorder that uses removable cassettes containing magnetic tape to record audio and video from a television broadcast so it can be played back later. ... NICAM (known also as NICAM 728, after the 728 kbit/s bitstream it is sent over), Near Instantaneous Companded Audio Multiplex, is a format for digital sound on analogue television transmissions. ... See TV (disambiguation) for other uses and Television (band) for the rock band European networks National In much of Europe television broadcasting has historically been state dominated, rather than commercially organised, although commercial stations have grown in number recently. ... NICAM (known also as NICAM 728, after the 728 kbit/s bitstream it is sent over), Near Instantaneous Companded Audio Multiplex, is a format for digital sound on analogue television transmissions. ...


At various times, artists have preferred to work in mono, either in recognition of the technical limitations of the equipment of the era or due to a simple preference. This can be seen as analogous to film makers working in black and white. Some early recordings such as The Beatles Please Please Me were re-released in the CD era as monophonic in recognition that the source tapes for the earliest recordings were two track, with vocals on one track, instruments on the other, and this was actually intended to provide flexibility in producing a final mono mix, not to actually provide a stereo recording, although due to demand, this was done anyway and the early material was available on vinyl in either mono or stereo formats. In the 1970s, it was common in the pop world that stereophonic versions of mono tracks were generated electronically using filtering techniques to attempt to pick out various instruments and vocals, but these were often considered unsatisfactory due to the artefacts of the conversion process.[citation needed]Woody Allen and Stanley Kubrick both shot in mono because of personal preferences. Until Eyes Wide Shut, which used 6-track stereo (for use in an array of speakers behind the screen), Kubrick's only stereo film was 2001: A Space Odyssey. The 8-track cartridge or Stereo 8 is a magnetic tape technology for audio storage, popular from the mid-1960s to the early 1980s. ... A compact disc or CD is an optical disc used to store digital data, originally developed for storing digital audio. ... Black-and-white is a broad adjectival term used to describe a number of monochrome forms of visual arts. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Please Please Me is the first album recorded by The Beatles, rush-released on 22 March 1963 in the United Kingdom to capitalise on the success of singles Please Please Me (#1)[1] and Love Me Do (#17). ... Woody Allen (born Allen Stewart Königsberg on December 1, 1935) is a three-time Academy Award-winning American film director, writer, actor, jazz musician, comedian, and playwright. ... “Kubrick” redirects here. ... Eyes Wide Shut is a 1999 feature-length motion picture directed and co-written by Stanley Kubrick, based on the novella Traumnovelle (in English Dream Story) by Arthur Schnitzler. ...


Monaural LP records were eventually phased out and no longer manufactured after the early 1970s[citation needed]. During the 1960s, it was common that albums were released as both monaural LPs and stereo LPs, occasionally with slight differences between the two (again detailed information of The Beatles recordings provide a good example of the differences). This was because there were still a large number of mono record players around which were incapable of playing stereo records. Because of the limited quantites pressed and alternate mixes of several tracks, the monaural versions of these albums are generally valued higher than their stereo LP counterparts in record collecting circles today[citation needed].


Among the harder-to-find monaural albums from the late 60's and early 70's...

The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The White Album, see The Beatles (album). ... Magical Mystery Tour is an album by British rock band The Beatles, first released in late November 1967. ... Janis Joplin on the cover of her posthumously-released live album In Concert Janis Lyn Joplin (January 19, 1943 - October 4, 1970) was an American blues-influenced rock and soul singer and occasional songwriter with a distinctive voice. ... Cheap Thrills is the second album from Big Brother and the Holding Company and their only studio album with Janis Joplin as primary lead vocalist. ... This page is about the rock band. ... This page is about the rock band. ... Strange Days is an album released by The Doors at the end of 1967. ... Waiting for the Sun is the third album released by The Doors in 1968. ... Grateful Dead was an American rock band formed in 1965 in San Francisco, California. ... Jerry Garcia later in life The Grateful Dead was an American rock band, which was formed in 1965 in San Francisco from the remnants of another band, Mother McCrees Uptown Jug Champions. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... Axis: Bold as Love is the second album by the Jimi Hendrix Experience, released in 1967 (see 1967 in music). ... This article contains a trivia section. ... The Monkees were a pop-rock quartet created and based in Los Angeles in 1965 for an NBC American television series of the same name. ... The Monkees in 1967 (left to right): Michael Nesmith, Davy Jones, Micky Dolenz, Peter Tork The Monkees were a four-man band who appeared in an American television series of the same name, which ran on NBC from 1966 to 1968. ... Pink Floyd are an English rock band that initially earned recognition for their psychedelic rock music, and, as they evolved, for their avant-garde progressive rock music. ... The Piper at the Gates of Dawn is Pink Floyds debut album and the only one made under Syd Barretts leadership, although he made some contributions to the follow-up, A Saucerful of Secrets. ... Elvis Aron Presley (January 8, 1935 – August 16, 1977), often known simply as Elvis and also called The King of Rock n Roll or simply The King, was an American singer, musician and actor. ... Elvis Gold Records Volume 4 was a 1968 compilation of Elvis Presleys early 1960s hits. ... Speedway has multiple meanings: An alternative name for a race track Speedway, Indiana, home of the Indianapolis Motor Speedway The gas station chain Speedway SuperAmerica Motorcycle speedway, a form of motorcycle racing The name of a |Scottish pop rock group who hit the UK charts in 2003. ... First album cover, 1967 Gary Puckett & The Union Gap (initially credited as The Union Gap featuring Gary Puckett) was a popular American pop rock group in the late 1960s (see 1967 in music, 1968 in music, 1969 in music). ... Paul Revere & the Raiders is an American rock band that saw enormous mainstream success in the 1960s, best-known for hits like Indian Reservation (The Lament Of The Cherokee Reservation Indian) (1971), Steppin Out(1965), Kicks(1966), Let Me (1969) and Hungry (1966). ... Bridge Over Troubled Water was Simon and Garfunkels last album; the title track was their only number one hit in the United Kingdom. ... Bookends is the name of an penis album and its titular track, both recorded by Simon and Garfunkel, released April 3, 1968. ...

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