FACTOID # 12: It's not the government they hate: Washington DC has the highest number of hate crimes per capita in the US.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Monarch" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Monarch
Louis XIV, king of France and Navarre (Painting by Hyacinthe Rigaud, 1701).
Louis XIV, king of France and Navarre (Painting by Hyacinthe Rigaud, 1701).

The word monarch (Latin: monarcha) comes from the Greek μόναρχος (from μόνος meaning "one" or "unique", and ἀρχός meaning "he who leads", ie. "guide" or "chief") which referred to an absolute ruler. With time, the word has been succeeded in this meaning by others, such as autocrat or dictator. In modern usage the word monarch is generally used when referring to a traditional system of hereditary rulership, with contemporary elective monarchies often considered as exceptions. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (580x824, 90 KB)King Louis XIV of France painted by Hyacinthe Rigaud 1701 The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (580x824, 90 KB)King Louis XIV of France painted by Hyacinthe Rigaud 1701 The two-dimensional work of art depicted in this image is in the public domain in the United States and in those countries with a copyright term of... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Louis XIV (Louis-Dieudonné) (September 5, 1638–September 1, 1715) reigned as King of France and King of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death. ... “Navarra” redirects here. ... Louis XIV King of France and Navarre By Hyacinthe Rigaud (1701) Hyacinthe Rigaud (July 20, 1659-December 27, 1743) was a French painter. ... Monarch can have several different meanings. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... An autocrat is generally speaking any ruler with absolute power; the term is now usually used in a negative sense (cf. ... A dictator is an authoritarian, often totalitarian ruler (e. ... An elective monarchy is a monarchy ruled by a monarch who is elected by a group. ...


Most monarchs are raised within a royal family where they are taught to expect and obey their future duties, and they are, formally or informally, succeeded upon their death or abdication by members of their own family, usually their eldest child. As a result, most stable monarchies have a long legacy of rule by a single family or bloodline. This article is about the monarchy-related concept. ...


A particular case is the French co-prince of Andorra, who is not appointed for life (as he is the French president, elected for a seven year period by the French people). Nonetheless, he is still generally considered a monarch because of the traditional use of a monarchical title (even though Andorra is, strictly speaking, a diarchy.) Similarly, the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) of Malaysia is considered a monarch although only holding the office for five years at a time. On the other hand, several life-time dictators around the world have not been considered monarchs. This is a list of Co-Princes of Andorra. ... The President of France, known officially as the President of the Republic (Président de la République in French), is Frances elected Head of State. ... Diarchy (or dyarchy) is a society or an organization with two rulers on an equal standing. ... Flag of the Supreme Head of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong is a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Today, elective monarchies, such as Malaysia, are exceptions, as is the Vatican City (the Pope bears the title "Sovereign of the State of the Vatican City"). Also, the practice is not totally uncommon in systems which are not considered monarchical, such as family dictatorships. It is also arguable, by this definition, that the Supreme Leader of Iran could be considered an elected absolute monarch. Historical elected monarchs include the Kings of Poland and the Holy Roman Emperors. An elective monarchy is a monarchy ruled by a monarch who is elected by a group. ... For other uses, see Pope (disambiguation). ... A family dictatorship, in political science terms a personalistic regime, is a form of dictatorship that operates much like an absolute monarchy, yet occurs in a nominally republican state. ... The post of Supreme Leader (Persian: رهبر انقلاب, Rahbare Enqelab,[1] lit. ... Poland was ruled by dukes (c. ... The following list of German Kings and Emperors is one of several Wikipedia lists of incumbents. ...

Tigranes the Great, monarch of Armenia from 95 BCE to 55 BCE
Tigranes the Great, monarch of Armenia from 95 BCE to 55 BCE

Contents

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 316 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (422 × 800 pixel, file size: 145 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 316 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (422 × 800 pixel, file size: 145 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... This article is about a king of Armenia in the 1st century BCE. For other historical figures with the same name (including other kings of Armenia) see Tigranes. ...

Titles

The normal monarch title in Europe — i.e., the one used if the monarch has no higher title — is prince or princess, by convention. Prince was a common title within the Holy Roman Empire, along with a number of higher titles listed below. Such titles were granted by the Emperor, while the titulation of rulers of sovereign states was generally left to their own discretion, most often choosing King or Queen. Such titulations could cause diplomatic problems, and especially the elevation to Emperor or Empress was seen as an offensive action. During the nineteenth and twentieth centuries most small monarchies in Europe disappeared, merging to form larger entities, and so King the most common title for male rulers and Queen has become the most common title today for female rulers. The term prince, from the Latin root princeps, is used for a member of the highest ranks of the aristocracy or the nobility. ... For other uses, see Princess (disambiguation). ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... This article is about negotiations. ... An emperorrefers to Nick Herringshaw, a title, empress may only indicate the wife of an emperor (empress consort. ... Emperor is also a Norwegian black metal band; see Emperor (band). ...

Male version Female version Realm Adjective Latin Examples
Emperor Empress Empire imperial Imperator (Imperatrix) Roman Empire, Byzantine Empire, Ottoman Empire, Holy Roman Empire, Russia , First and Second French Empire, Austria, Mexico, Brazil, German Empire (none left in Europe after 1918), Empress of India (ceased to be used after 1947 when India was granted independence from the British Empire), Japan (the only remaining enthroned emperor in the world).
King Queen Kingdom royal Rex (Regina) Common in larger sovereign states
Viceroy Vicereine Viceroyalty viceroyal Proconsul Historical: Spanish Empire (Peru, New Spain, Rio de la Plata, New Granada), Portuguese Empire, (India, Brazil), British Empire
Grand Duke Grand Duchess Grand duchy Grand Ducal Magnus Dux Today: Luxembourg; historical: Lithuania, Baden, Finland, Tuscany et al
Archduke Archduchess Archduchy archducal Arci Dux Historical: Unique only in Austria, Archduchy of Austria; title used for member of the Habsburg dynasty
Prince Princess Principality, Princely state princely Princeps Today: Monaco, Liechtenstein, Wales[1]; Andorra (Co-Princes). Historical: Albania, Serbia
Pope Pope* Papacy papal Papa Monarch of the Papal States and later Sovereign of the State of Vatican City
Duke Duchess Duchy ducal Dux There are none left currently. Though historical examples include Normandy.
Count Countess County countly Comes Most common in the Holy Roman Empire, translated in German as Graf; historical: Barcelona, Brandenburg, Baden, numerous others
Baron Baroness Barony Baronial Baro There are normal baronies and sovereign baronies, a sovereign barony can be compared with a principality, however, this is an historical exception; sovereign barons no longer have a sovereign barony, but only the title and style

*The pope is the Bishop of Rome (a celibate office always forbidden to women), in English however, reports of female popes such as Pope Joan) refer to them as pope and Popess is used, among other things, for the second trump in the Tarot deck; some European languages also have a feminine form of the word pope, such as the Italian papessa, the French papesse, and the German Päpstin This article is about the Male sex. ... For other uses, see Female (disambiguation). ... A Realm is a primary synonym for a world usually other than our own. ... In grammar, an adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to modify a noun or pronoun (called the adjectives subject), giving more information about what the noun or pronoun refers to. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... An emperorrefers to Nick Herringshaw, a title, empress may only indicate the wife of an emperor (empress consort. ... This article is about the political and historical term. ... For other uses, see Roman Empire (disambiguation). ... Byzantine redirects here. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... This article is about the medieval empire. ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... Motto: Liberté, Égalité, Fraternité Liberty, Equality, Fraternity Anthem: La Marseillaise France() – on the European continent() – in the European Union() Capital (and largest city) Paris Official languages French Demonym French Government Unitary semi-presidential republic  -  President Nicolas Sarkozy  -  Prime Minister François Fillon Formation  -  French State 843 French State Formed   -  Current... For German colonial territories, see German Colonial Empire. ... Signature of King Edward VIII The R and I after his name indicate king and emperor in Latin (Rex and Imperator, respectively). ... For a comprehensive list of the territories that formed the British Empire, see Evolution of the British Empire. ... Look up king in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Cleopatra is one of the most well-known queens regnant A queen regnant (plural queens regnant) is a woman monarch possessing and exercising all of the monarchal powers of a king, in contrast with a queen consort, who is the wife of a reigning king, and in and of her... For the documentary series, see Monarchy (TV series). ... A viceroy is a royal official who governs a country or province in the name of and as representative of the monarch. ... Created in 1542, the Viceroyalty of Peru (in Spanish, Virreinato del Perú) contained most of Spanish-ruled South America until the creation of the separate viceroyalties of New Granada (now Colombia, Ecuador, Panamá and Venezuela, the last-named previously in the Viceroyalty of New Spain) in 1717 and Río... Viceroys of New Spain Spanish Rule Before Appointment of Viceroy Hernán Cortés, as Governor-General Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán, as Audiencia President . ... Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata Created in 1776, the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata was the last and most shortlived viceroyalty created by Spain. ... The Viceroyalty of New Granada was the name given to a group of colonial provinces in northern South America, corresponding mainly to modern Colombia. ... The Governor-General of India (or Governor-General and Viceroy of India) was the head of the British administration in India. ... The title of Grand Duke (Latin, Magnus Dux; German, Großherzog, Russian, Великий князь) used in Slavic, Baltic, and Germanic countries, is ranked in honour below King but higher than a sovereign Duke (Herzog) or Prince (Fürst). ... A Grand Duchess is the wife of a Grand Duke or a woman who rules a Grand Duchy in her own right. ... A grand duchy is a territory whose head of state is a Grand Duke or Grand Duchess. ... For other uses, see Baden (disambiguation). ... The Grand Duchy of Tuscany was a state in central Italy which came into existence in 1569, replacing the Duchy of Florence, which had been created out of the old Republic of Florence in 1532, and which annexed the Republic of Siena in 1557. ... Look up Archduke in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The title Archduke (German Erzherzog) was invented in the Privilegium Maius, a forgery initiated by Duke Rudolf IV of Austria. ... Flag of the Habsburg Monarchy; also used as the flag of the Austrian Empire until the Ausgleich of 1867. ... The term prince, from the Latin root princeps, is used for a member of the highest ranks of the aristocracy or the nobility. ... A principality is a monarchical feudatory or sovereign state, ruled or reigned over by a Monarch with the title of prince or princess (a synonym is princedom) or (in the widest sense) a Monarch with another title within the generic use of the term prince. ... A princely state is any state under the reign of a prince and is thus a principality taken in the broad sense. ... This article is about the country. ... Not to be confused with Republika Srpska. ... For other uses, see Pope (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Pope (disambiguation). ... Coat of arms Map of the Papal States; the reddish area was annexed to the Kingdom of Italy in 1860, the rest (grey) in 1870. ... This article is about the nobility title. ... A duchy is a territory, fief, or domain ruled by a duke or duchess. ... For other uses, see Normandy (disambiguation). ... This article is about the style or title of nobility. ... Look up Count in Wiktionary, the free dictionary A count is a nobleman in most European countries, equivalent in rank to a British earl, whose wife is still a countess (for lack of an Anglo-Saxon term). ... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ... This article is about the medieval empire. ... For other uses, see Graf (disambiguation). ... History of Spain series Prehistoric Spain Roman Spain Medieval Spain - Visigoths - Al-Andalus - Age of Reconquest Age of Expansion Age of Enlightenment Reaction and Revolution First Spanish Republic The Restoration Second Spanish Republic Spanish Civil War The Dictatorship Transition to Democracy Modern Spain Topics Economic History Military History Social History... Historically the Margrave of Brandenburg was one of the most powerful titles in the Holy Roman Empire in being one of the 4 temporal electors and so being one of only 7 lords in the empire with a say in who became the next emperor. ... Baden is a historical state in the southwest of Germany, on the right bank of the Rhine. ... For other uses, see Baron (disambiguation). ... Various rulers or governments of Europe, of Japan bestow or recognise the title of baron. ... The Papess, a Marseilles tarot card of the 18th century, which depicts a female Pope. ... Popess or Papess (a female Pope) may refer to: The Major Arcana Tarot card more commonly known as The High Priestess. ... Look up tarot in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Note that some of these titles have several meanings and do not necessarily designate a monarch. A Prince may be a person of royal blood (some languages uphold this distinction, see Fürst). A Duke may be a British peer. In Imperial Russia, a Grand Duke was a son or grandson of the Tsar or Tsarina. Holders of titles in these alternative meanings did not enjoy the same status as the monarchs of the same title. The term prince, from the Latin root princeps, is used for a member of the highest ranks of the aristocracy or the nobility. ... Fürst (plural Fürsten) is a German title of nobility, usually translated into English as Prince; however this translation can be misleading, since a Fürst usually ranks below a Duke. ... This article is about the nobility title. ... For other uses, see Peerage (disambiguation). ... Imperial Russia is the term used to cover the period of history from the expansion of Russia under Peter the Great, through the expansion of the Russian Empire from the Baltic Sea to the Pacific Ocean, to the deposal of Nicholas II of Russia, the last tsar, at the start... The title of Grand Duke (Latin, Magnus Dux; German, Großherzog, Russian, Великий князь) used in Slavic, Baltic, and Germanic countries, is ranked in honour below King but higher than a sovereign Duke (Herzog) or Prince (Fürst). ... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. ...


Within the Holy Roman Empire, there were even more titles that were used occasionally for monarchs although they were normally noble; Margrave, Count Palatine, and Landgrave. A monarch with such a low title still was regarded as more important than a noble Duke. This article is about the medieval empire. ... Margrave (Latin: marchio) is the English and French form (recorded since 1551) of the German title Markgraf (from Mark march and Graf count) and certain equivalent nobiliary (princely) titles in other languages. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Graf is a German noble title equal in rank to a count or an earl. ...


Today, there are seven kingdoms, one grand duchy, one duchy (Normandy - channel islands), one papacy, and two principalities in Europe (Liechtenstein and Monaco), excluding the peculiar case of Andorra and one "Lord of Mann" — the title for the monarch of Isle of Man.


Monarchical titles in use by non-monarchs

It is not uncommon that people who are not generally seen as monarchs nevertheless use monarchical titles. There are four cases of this: Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links Emblem-important. ...

  • Claiming an existing title, challenging the current holder. This has been very common historically. For centuries, the British monarch used, among his other titles, the title King of France, despite the fact that he had had no authority over French territory since the fifteenth century. Such as any one of the numerous antipopes who have claimed the Holy See.
  • Retaining the title of an extinct monarchy. This can be coupled with a claim that the monarchy was in fact never, or should never have been, extinct. An example of the first case is the Prince of Seborga. Examples of the second case are several deposed monarchs or otherwise pretenders to thrones of abolished monarchies, e.g., Leka, Crown Prince of Albania who is styled by some as the "King of The Albanians." Retaining the title of an extinct monarchy can, however, be totally free of claims of sovereignty, for example it was customary of numerous European Monarchies to include "King of Jerusalem" in their full titles. When it comes to deposed monarchs, it is customary to continue the usage of their monarchical title (e.g., Constantine II, King of the Hellenes) as a courtesy title, not a constitutional office, for the duration of their lifetime. However the title then dies with them and cannot be used by anyone else unless the crown is restored constitutionally. (Some republicans take offense at this custom, in spite of the fact that the same courtesy is often given to former republican heads of state too – a former U.S. president is usually styled "Mr President" for the rest of his life.) Monarchs who have freely abdicated lose their right to use their former title. However where a monarch abdicated under duress (e.g., Michael I of Romania), it is customary to see the abdication as invalid and to treat them as deposed monarchs entitled to use their monarchical style for their lifetime.
  • Inventing a new title. This is common by founders of micronations, and also may or may not come with a claim of sovereignty. When it does, it is disregarded by state leaders. A notable example is Paddy Roy Bates, styling himself the "Prince of Sealand," but not recognized as such by any national government, thus failing at least the constitutive condition for statehood (see Sealand for a fuller discussion of his claims).

This article is about the monarchy of the United Kingdom, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. For information about other Commonwealth realm monarchies, as well as other relevant articles, see... Kings ruled in France from the Middle Ages to 1848. ... For the book by Robert Rankin, see The Antipope. ... City motto: Sub umbra sedi (Latin: Sit in the Shade) Founded 954 Region Liguria Province Imperia Mayor Franco Fogliarini from 05/31/2001 Nearest Commons Ospedaletti, Perinaldo, Sanremo, Vallebona Area  4 km² Altitude 500 Latitude 43° 50 43 Longitude 7° 42 0 Population  362 Density 85 Habitants Name seborghini... The following monarchs either lost their thrones through deposition by a coup détat, by a referendum which abolished their throne, or chose to abdicate during the 20th century. ... This article is about pretender as applied to a monarchy. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Constantine of Greece, formerly Constantine II, King of the Hellenes (born June 2, 1940) was King of Greece from 1964 until the abolition of the monarchy in 1974. ... A courtesy title is a form of address in systems of nobility used by children, former wives and other close relatives of a peer. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... Abdication (from the Latin abdicatio disowning, renouncing, from ab, from, and dicare, to declare, to proclaim as not belonging to one), the act whereby a person in office renounces and gives up the same before the expiry of the time for which it is held. ... King Michael I of the Romanians (born October 25, 1921), Prince of Hohenzollern[1][2][3], reigned as King of the Romanians (in Romanian Maiestatea Sa Mihai I Regele Românilor or Majestatea Sa Mihai I Regele Românilor) from July 20, 1927 to June 8, 1930, and again from... This article is about entities that are not officially recognised by world governments or major international organisations. ... Paddy Roy Bates (born c. ... For other uses, see State (disambiguation). ... The Principality of Sealand is a micronation located on HM Fort Roughs, a former World War II Maunsell Sea Fort in the North Sea 10 km (six miles) off the coast of Suffolk, England, United Kingdom. ...

Monarchical titles in the Americas

The concept of monarchy existed in the Americas long before the arrival of European colonialists.[2][3] When the Europeans arrived they referred to these tracts of land within territories of different aboriginal groups to be kingdoms, and the leaders of these groups were often referred to by the Europeans as Kings, particularly hereditary leaders.[4] Many of the leaders were queens, but this was not understood by the Europeans, who had no knowledge of the indigenous history or languages, much less an understanding of matrilineality This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Pre-colonial titles that were used included:

The first local monarch to emerge in North America after colonization was Augustin I, who declared himself Emperor of Mexico in 1822. Mexico again had an emperor, Maximilian I from 1863 to 1867. In South America, Brazil had a European royal house ruling as emperor between 1822 and 1889, under Emperors Pedro I and Pedro II. Look up cacique in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Early map of Hispaniola Hispaniola (from Spanish, La Española) is the second-largest and most populous island of the Antilles, lying between the islands of Cuba to the west, and Puerto Rico to the east. ... Motto: Joannes Est Nomen Eius (Latin: John is his name) Anthem: La Borinqueña Capital San Juan Largest city San Juan Official languages Spanish, English Government Governor Commonwealth Aníbal Acevedo Vilá Independence None Area  â€¢ Total  â€¢ Water (%)   9,104 km² (Ranked) 1. ... A tlatoani was a member of the Aztec nobility. ... The Nahua are a group of indigenous peoples of Mexico. ... AJAW is the title in the Mayan language of the King of a Precolumbian city state of the Maya people on the (now Mexican) Yucatan peninsula (explicitely attested in Palenque and in Tikal) and in neighbouring Central America, in Guatemala and Belize (the former British Honduras). ... This article is about the pre-Columbian Maya civilization. ... The ruler of the Inca Empire (quechua: Inka Qhapaq) used the title of Sapa (the only one) and Apu (divinity). ... For the a general view of Inca civilisation, people and culture, see Incas. ... Tupi is the name of one of the main ethnic groups of Brazilian indigenous people, together with the related Guarani. ... Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Arámburu (September 27, 1783 – July 19, 1824) was Emperor of Mexico from 1822 to 1823. ... The Mexican Empire was the name of Mexico on two non-consecutive occasions in the 19th century when it was ruled by an Emperor. ... Maximilian I, Emperor of Mexico (Emperador Maximiliano I de México) (July 6, 1832 – June 19, 1867) (born Ferdinand Maximilian Joseph) was a member of Austrias Imperial Habsburg-Lorraine family. ... Pedro I, Emperor of Brazil (pron. ... Dom Pedro II (pron. ...


These American emperors were deposed due to complex issues, including pressure from the highly republican United States, which had declared itself independent of the British monarch in 1776. The British, worried about U.S. colonial expansion, invasion following the American Civil War, and the fact that the U.S. had aided the Mexican republican rebels in overthrowing Maximilian I, pushed for the union of the Canadian provinces into a country in 1867. With Confederation, Canada became a self-governing nation which was considered a kingdom in its own right,[5] though it remained subordinate to the United Kingdom; thus, Victoria was monarch of Canada, but not sovereign of it. It was not until the passing of the Statute of Westminster that Canada was considered to be under a distinct Canadian Crown, separate to that the British, and not until 1953 that the Canadian monarch, at the time Elizabeth II, was titled by Canadian law as Queen of Canada. Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederacy) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties 110,000 killed in action, 360,000 total dead, 275,200 wounded 93,000 killed in action, 258,000 total... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... Queen Victoria redirects here. ... This article is about the Statute of Westminster relating to the British Empire and its dominions. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of Canada, wearing the Sovereigns insignia of the Order of Canada and the Order of Military Merit The style of the Canadian Sovereign has varied over the years. ...


Between 1931 and 1983 nine other previous British colonies attained independence as kingdoms, all, including Canada, in a personal union relationship under a shared monarch. Therefore, though today there are legally ten American monarchs, one person occupies each distinct position. It has been suggested that Dynastic union be merged into this article or section. ...

Male Title Female Title Realm Latin Examples
Emperor Empress Empire Imperator (Imperatrix) Brazil, Mexico, Sapa Inca
King Queen Kingdom Rex (Regina) Canada, Jamaica, Barbados, the Bahamas, Grenada, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Saint Kitts and Nevis

A title is a prefix or suffix added to a persons name to signify either veneration, an official position or a professional or academic qualification. ... A Realm is a primary synonym for a world usually other than our own. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... An emperorrefers to Nick Herringshaw, a title, empress may only indicate the wife of an emperor (empress consort. ... This article is about the political and historical term. ... The Mexican Empire was the name of Mexico on two non-consecutive occasions in the 19th century when it was ruled by an Emperor. ... The ruler of the Inca Empire (quechua: Inka Qhapaq) used the title of Sapa (the only one) and Apu (divinity). ... Cleopatra is one of the most well-known queens regnant A queen regnant (plural queens regnant) is a woman monarch possessing and exercising all of the monarchal powers of a king, in contrast with a queen consort, who is the wife of a reigning king, and in and of her... For the documentary series, see Monarchy (TV series). ...

Monarchs in Africa

Monarchs of the African Continent Royal Kingdoms Federation inherit their thrones according to a strict procedure that has not changed through the generations. Instead of being inherited directly by the eldest child, a throne rotates among branches of the royal family line. A reigning king nominates his successor from the proper branch, to be confirmed by his supporters after his death. The Federation’s matriarchal imperial throne, however, is seen as sacred or divine, and succeeds to the chosen matriarch upon the Empress’ death.


Other monarchical titles

In China, "king" is the usual translation for the term wang 王, which designated the sovereign before the Qin dynasty and during the Ten Kingdoms period. During the early Han dynasty, China had a number of small kingdoms, each about the size of a county and subordinate to the Empress or Emperor of China. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Qin Dynasty in 210 BC Capital Xianyang Language(s) Chinese Government Monarchy History  - Unification of China 221 BC  - Death of Qin Shi Huangdi 210 BC  - Surrender to Liu Bang 206 BC The Qin Dynasty (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chin Chao) (221 BC - 206 BC) was preceded by the... Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms (Traditional Chinese: 五代十國 Simplified Chinese: 五代十国 Hanyu pinyin: Wǔdàishíguó) (907-960) was a period of political upheaval in China, between the Tang Dynasty and Song Dynasty. ... Han Dynasty in 87 BC Capital Changan (206 BC–9 AD) Luoyang (25 AD–220 AD) Language(s) Chinese Religion Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Chinese folk religion Government Monarchy History  - Establishment 206 BC  - Battle of Gaixia; Han rule of China begins 202 BC  - Interruption of Han rule 9 - 24  - Abdication... A county is generally a sub-unit of regional self-government within a sovereign jurisdiction. ...


When a difference exists below, male titles are placed to the left and female titles are placed to the right of the slash.


By region

  • Europe
    • Arqa/Thagavor - Armenian King
    • Germanic king
    • Basileus - Greek King
    • Despot - Serbia (originating from Byzantium)
    • Vezér - Ancient Hungarian
    • Fejedelem - Ancient/Medieval Hungarian
    • Imperator Tsar / Czar Autocrat - The Ruler of Imperial Russia
    • Vojvoda (Serbian)/Vajda (Hungarian) - Serbian/Hungarian/Romany Title
    • Domn (in Romanian) /Gospodar (in Old Slavonian) - Medieval Romania (Moldova, Wallachia)
    • Rí, Rúirí, Rí Rúireach and Ard Rí - King, local overking, regional King, and High King in pre-Norman Ireland
    • Kniaz'/Knyaginya/Knez/Knjeginja (generally translated as "prince") - Kievan Rus'/Serbia
    • Kralj- Croatia, Serbia
    • Kaiser - Imperial Germany
    • Tsar/Tsaritsa - Bulgaria, pre-imperial Russia, Serbia
    • Kunigaikshtis (Kunigaikštis) - Lithuanian, duke as in Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
    • Župan sometimes Veliki Župan (Grand Župan) - Serbia, Croatia
    • Autocrator Greek term for the Byzantine Emperor
    • Mbret - Albanian King
  • Oceania
    • Chieftain - Leader of a tribe or clan.
    • Tuʻi or tui - there were/are also kings in Oceania (i.e. Tonga, Wallis and Futuna, Nauru)
    • houʻeiki, matai, aliʻi, tūlafale, tavana, ariki - usually translated as "chief" in various Polynesian countries.
    • "Mo'i" normally translated as King is a title used by Hawaiian monarchs since unification in 1810. The last person to hold that title was Queen Lili'uokalani.

The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... Negus is the Amharic word for king. The term negus negust means king of kings, or Emperor. ... The Tutsi are one of three native peoples of the nations of Rwanda and Burundi in central Africa, the other two being the Twa and the Hutu. ... title for the King of Rwanda or the King of Burundi This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Yoruba (Yorùbá in Yoruba orthography) are a large ethno-linguistic group or ethnic nation in Africa; the majority of them speak the Yoruba language (èdèe Yorùbá; èdè = language). ... The Igbo, sometimes (especially formerly) referred to as the Ibo/Ebo, are an ethnic group in West Africa numbering in the tens of millions. ... The Igbo, sometimes (especially formerly) referred to as the Ibo/Ebo, are an ethnic group in West Africa numbering in the tens of millions. ... The Kabaka is the title of the King of Buganda. ... Baganda, also called Ganda, are the largest ethnic group in Uganda. ... Almami (Also: Almamy, Almani, Almany) is a title of West African Muslim rulers, used especially in the conquest states of the 19th century. ... Categories: Africa-related stubs | Burkina Faso | Cameroon | Ethnic groups of Africa | Fulani Empire | Mali | Nigeria ... Omukama: often translated as king, (O)Mukama means in Bantu (Batoro-, Banyoro- and other languages) something like superior milkman/milkbringer. The title Omukama is used in the region of Uganda and neighbouring countries, especially in the kingdoms of Bunyoro and Toro. After reestablishing the Ugandan kingdoms in the 1990s the... Bunyoro flag The current Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara and its districts Bunyoro is a region of Uganda, and from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century one of the most powerful kingdoms of East Africa. ... The Asantehene is the ruler of the Ashanti people. ... For other uses, see Ashanti (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ashanti (disambiguation). ... For the CPR ocean liner, see Empress of Japan. ... The Tamil tele-serial Arasi (spelt Arase on the title card) is the sequel to Selvi, the previous offering from Radaan Mediaworks in the 9. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Ko may refer to: Ken OHara AKA KO MC, a moderately unsuccesful gangsta rapper from Boston, MA. He may be contacted via http://www. ... The Tamil tele-serial Arasi (spelt Arase on the title card) is the sequel to Selvi, the previous offering from Radaan Mediaworks in the 9. ... Tamil Nadu (தமிழ் நாடு, Land of the Tamils) is a state at the southern tip of India. ... Druk Gyalpo meaning Dragon King is the title for the King of Bhutan. ... The Chogyal were the monarchs of the former country of Sikkim. ... Khagan or Great Khan (Old Turkic , alternatively spelled Chagan, Khaghan, Kagan, KaÄŸan, Qagan, Qaghan), is a title of imperial rank in the Mongolian and Turkic languages equal to the status of emperor and someone who rules a Khaganate (empire, greater than an ordinary Khan, but often referred to as... Korean dynasties are listed in the order of their fall. ... Korean dynasties are listed in the order of their fall. ... For the volcano in Indonesia, see Emperor of China (volcano). ... For other uses, see Sultan (disambiguation). ... Aceh (pronounced , generally Anglicized as IPA: ) is a special territory (daerah istimewa) of Indonesia, located on the northern tip of the island of Sumatra. ... The Sultanate of Brunei, more commonly referred to as Brunei Darussalam or simply Brunei, is an oil-rich country located on the island of Borneo, in southeast Asia. ... This article is about the Java island. ... Flag of the Supreme Head of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong is a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ... Sumera mikoto is another name for the Emperor of Japan. ... For the CPR ocean liner, see Empress of Japan. ... Minamoto no Yoritomo, the first shogun of the Kamakura shogunate Shōgun )   is supreme general of the samurai,a military rank and historical title in Japan. ... Augusto Pinochet (sitting) was an army general who led a military coup in Chile in 1973. ... For other uses, see Samurai (disambiguation). ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... For other uses, see Shan (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Shan (disambiguation). ... Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule... // The King, or Wang (Chinese: 王 or 國王; wáng), was the title of the Chinese head of state until the Qin dynasty. ... For the volcano in Indonesia, see Emperor of China (volcano). ... Patabändigé (also Patangatim, Pattangatti, Pattankatti in historical sources) is one of the most prevalent gé names among the Karava race of Sri Lanka. ... “Ceylon” redirects here. ... Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia (born 14 May 1953) the elder and only surviving son of King Norodom Sihanouk and Queen Mother Norodom Monineath Sihanouk. ... This is a complete list of Kings of Cambodia 6th century: Bhavavarman I 6th century: Mahendravarman 7th century: Isanavarman I 7th century: Bhavavarman II 7th century: Jayavarman I 8th century: Queen Jayavedi REIGN UNKNOWN: Sambhuvarman REIGN UNKNOWN: Pushkaraksha 8th century: Sambhuvarman 8th century: Rajendravarman I REIGN UNKNOWN: Mahipativarman 802-850... Khmer can refer to, the: Khmer people, the ethnic group to which the great majority of Cambodians belong to Khmer language Khmer script Khmer Empire, which ruled much of Indochina from the 9th to the 13th centuries. ... Bhumibol Adulyadej (Thai: ; IPA: ; Royal Institute: Phumiphon Adunyadet;  ) (born Saturday,December 5, 1927 in the Year of the Rabbit), is the current King of Thailand. ... The Chakri dynasty have ruled Thailand since king Taksin was declared mad in 1782. ... For the country formerly called Siam see Thailand SIAM is an acronym for Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. ... Racha (Ratcha is a more correct spelling) (Georgian: რაჭა, Rača) is a historic province in Georgia, in the mountainous northwestern part of the country. ... Datu or datto is the title for ancient tribal chieftains and monarchs in pre-Hispanic Philippines. ... For other uses, see Raja (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Raja (disambiguation). ... The Malay language has a complex system of titles and honorifics, which is still extensively used in Malaysia and Brunei. ... For other uses, see Raja (disambiguation). ... Also see: Ranee Rani (Ranee) means Queen in Hindi, and is the female equivalent of Raja (or Rajah). ... Hari (Sanskrit: हरि) is another name of Vishnu or God in Vaishnavism, Smarta or Advaitan Hinduism, and appears as the 650th name in the Vishnu sahasranama. ... The Germanic king originally had three main functions. ... A silver coin of the Seleucid king Antiochus I Soter. ... Despotism is government by a singular authority, either a single person or tightly knit group, which rules with absolute power. ... Byzantium (Greek: Βυζάντιον) was an ancient Greek city, which, according to legend, was founded by Greek colonists from Megara in 667 BC and named after their king Byzas or Byzantas (Βύζας or Βύζαντας in Greek). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Latin word imperator was a title originally roughly equivalent to commander during the period of the Roman Republic. ... An autocrat is generally speaking any ruler with absolute power; the term is now usually used in a negative sense (cf. ... Voivode (as it is spelled in the Oxford English Dictionary), or less commonly voivod, is a Slavic word that originally denoted the principal commander of a military force. ... Voivode (as it is spelled in the Oxford English Dictionary), or less commonly voivod, is a Slavic word that originally denoted the principal commander of a military force. ... Romany (or Romani) relates to: The Roma: a people sometimes pejoratively called Gypsies. Their language Romany was the pseudonym of a broadcaster and writer of Roma descent, George Bramwell Evens. ... Domnitor (pl. ... Map of Romania with Wallachia in yellow. ... Although the traditional list of those bearing the title High King of Ireland (Irish: Ard Rí Érenn) goes back thousands of years, into the second millennium BC, most scholars believe that the earlier parts of the list, at least, are largely mythical. ... Kniaz’ or knyaz (князь in Russian and Ukrainian; knez in Serbian; cneaz in Romanian fem. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Tsar (Bulgarian, Serbian and Macedonian цар, Russian  , in scientific transliteration respectively car and car ), occasionally spelled Czar or Tzar and sometimes Csar or Zar in English, is a Slavonic term designating certain monarchs. ... This article is about the nobility title. ... The Grand Duchy of Lithuania (Lithuanian: , Ruthenian: Wialikaje Kniastwa Litowskaje, Ruskaje, Å»amojckaje, Belarusian: , Ukrainian: , Polish: , Latin: ) was an Eastern and Central European state of the 12th[1] /13th century until the 18th century. ... Grand Župan [Veliki župan], Serbian medieval title equivalent to the prince from 11th to early 13th century. ... For other uses, see Pharaoh (disambiguation). ... Shah or Shahzad is a Persian term for a monarch (ruler) that has been adopted in many other languages. ... Shananshah (Persian: شاهنشاه) (sometimes written Shahenshah, Shan-an-shah, or Shan-en-shah) was a title used by various rulers of Persia/Iran. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... For other uses, see Sheikh (disambiguation). ... UAE redirects here; for other uses of that term, see UAE (disambiguation) The United Arab Emirates is an oil-rich country situated in the south-east of the Arabian Peninsula in Southwest Asia, comprising seven emirates: Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujairah, Ras al-Khaimah, Sharjah and Umm al-Quwain. ... For other uses, see Sultan (disambiguation). ... The term Sultana is used for a few Muslim women rulers in history. ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view. ... This page deals with the New Zealand tree. ... AliÊ»i refers to the chiefly or noble rank in Hawaiian society. ...

General monarch titles

An autocrat is generally speaking any ruler with absolute power; the term is now usually used in a negative sense (cf. ... An emperorrefers to Nick Herringshaw, a title, empress may only indicate the wife of an emperor (empress consort. ... Emperor is also a Norwegian black metal band; see Emperor (band). ... The title of Grand Duke (Latin, Magnus Dux; German, Großherzog, Russian, Великий князь) used in Slavic, Baltic, and Germanic countries, is ranked in honour below King but higher than a sovereign Duke (Herzog) or Prince (Fürst). ... A Grand Duchess is the wife of a Grand Duke or a woman who rules a Grand Duchy in her own right. ... Look up king in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Cleopatra is one of the most well-known queens regnant A queen regnant (plural queens regnant) is a woman monarch possessing and exercising all of the monarchal powers of a king, in contrast with a queen consort, who is the wife of a reigning king, and in and of her... The term prince, from the Latin root princeps, is used for a member of the highest ranks of the aristocracy or the nobility. ... The term prince, from the Latin root princeps, is used for a member of the highest ranks of the aristocracy or the nobility. ...

Succession

Succession from one monarch to another varies from country to country. Traditionally, hereditary succession within members of one family has been most common. The usual hereditary succession is based on some cognatic principles and on seniority, though sometimes merit has played a part. Thus, the most common hereditary system in feudal Europe was based on cognatic primogeniture, where a lord was succeeded by his eldest son, and failing sons, by either daughters or by sons of daughters. The system of tanistry was semi-elective and gave weight also to merits and capability. The Quasi-Salic succession provided firstly for male members of the family to succeed, and secondarily males descended from female lines. In most feudal fiefs, females (such as daughters and sisters) were allowed to succeed, should the male line fail, but usually the husband of the heiress became the real lord and most often also received the title, jure uxoris. Great Britain and Spain today continue this model of succession law, in the form of cognatic primogeniture. In more complex medieval cases, the sometimes conflicting principles of proximity and primogeniture battled, and outcomes could have been idiosyncratic. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jure uxoris, Latin: By right of his wife. ... Primogeniture is inheritance by the first-born of the entirety of a parents wealth, estate or office. ... Proximity or closeness in degree of kinship is one of the ways to determine succession based on genealogy. ... Primogeniture is the common law right of the first born son to inherit the entire estate, to the exclusion of younger siblings. ...


As the average life span among the nobility increased (thanks to lords limiting their personal participation in dangerous battles, and generally improved sustenance and living conditions among the wealthy), an eldest son was more likely to reach majority age before the death of his father, and primogeniture became increasingly favoured over proximity, tanistry, seniority and election.


Later, when lands were strictly divided among noble families and tended to remain fixed, agnatic primogeniture (practically the same as Salic Law) became more usual: the succession would go to the eldest son of the monarch, or, if the monarch had no sons, the throne would pass to the nearest male relative through the male line, to the total exclusion of females. // The Salic law (Lat. ...


In some countries however, inheritance through the female line was never wholly abandoned, so that if the monarch had no sons, the throne would pass to the eldest daughter and to her posterity. (This, cognatic primogeniture, was the rule that let Elizabeth II become Queen.) Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ...


In 1980, Sweden became the first monarchy to declare equal primogeniture or full cognatic primogeniture, meaning that the eldest child of the monarch, whether female or male, ascends to the throne. [6] Other kingdoms (the Netherlands in 1983, Norway in 1990, and Belgium in 1991) have since followed suit.


In some monarchies, such as Saudi Arabia, succession to the throne usually first passes to the monarch's next eldest brother, and only after that to the monarch's children (agnatic seniority). In some other monarchies (e.g. Jordan), the monarch chooses who will be his successor, who need not necessarily be his eldest son.


Current monarchs

See also: List of current monarchs

NOTE: The table comprises all sovereign monarchs of the world today, but is severely incomplete with regard to the non-sovereign monarchs. // Main article: Monarchies in Africa Main article: Monarchies in Europe Muwenda Mutebi II King of Buganda For self-declared monarchs from self-proclaimed states, go to the list of micronations. ...

Name Born Title Since Royal House Succession Heir
Azlan Shah 1928 Sultan of Perak (in Malaysia) 1984 Crown Prince Nazrin Shah
Bhumibol Adulyadej 1927 King of Thailand 1946 Chakri Maha Vajiralongkorn
Elizabeth II 1926 Queen of Antigua and Barbuda
Queen of Australia
Queen of the Bahamas
Queen of Barbados
Queen of Belize
Queen of Canada
Paramount Chief of Fiji
Queen of Grenada
Queen of Jamaica
Lord of the Isle of Mann
Queen of New Zealand
Duke of Normandy (Channel Islands)
Queen of Papua New Guinea
Queen of Saint Kitts and Nevis
Queen of Saint Lucia
Queen of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Queen of the Solomon Islands
Queen of Tuvalu
Queen of the United Kingdom
1981
1952
1973
1966
1981
1952
1998
1974
1962
1952
1952
1952
1973
1983
1979

1979
1978
1978
1952
Windsor Cognatic primogeniture The Prince of Wales
Hassanal Bolkiah 1946 Sultan of Brunei 1967 Bolkiah Agnatic primogeniture Crown Prince Al-Muhtadee Billah
Goodwill Zwelethini 1948 King of the Zulus (in South Africa) 1968
Qaboos 1940 Sultan of Oman 1970 Sa'id Hereditary
Margrethe II 1940 Queen of Denmark 1972 Glucksburg Cognatic primogeniture Crown Prince Frederik
Carl XVI Gustaf 1946 King of Sweden 1973 Bernadotte Equal primogeniture Crown Princess Victoria
Ahmad Shah 1930 Sultan of Pahang (in Malaysia) 1974 Hereditary
Shaikh Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi 1949 Emir of Fujairah (one of the United Arab Emirates) 1974 AL Sharqi Chosen by the Emir Sheikh Mohammed Bin Hamad Al Sharqi
Juan Carlos I 1938 King of Spain 1975 Bourbon Cognatic primogeniture The Prince of Asturias
Ismail Petra Sultan of Kelantan (in Malaysia) 1979 Hereditary
Beatrix 1938 Queen of the Kingdom of the Netherlands 1980 Orange-Nassau Equal primogeniture The Prince of Orange
Muhammadu Kabir Usman Emir of Katsina (in Nigeria) 1981
Rashid ibn Ahmad Al Mu'alla 1930 Emir of Umm al-Qaiwain (one of the United Arab Emirates) 1981
Iskandar 1932 Sultan of Johor (in Malaysia) 1981 Hereditary
Humayd ibn Rashid Al Nuaimi 1931 Emir of Ajman (one of the United Arab Emirates) 1981
Mswati III 1968 King of Swaziland 1986 Dlamini
Sultan ibn Muhammad Al-Qasimi 1939 Emir of Sharjah (one of the United Arab Emirates) 1987
vacant Giacomo dalla Torre del Tempio di Sanguinetto acting 1929 Prince Great Master of the Sovereign Order of Malta 1988 Election by a council
Hans-Adam II 1945 Prince of Liechtenstein 1989 Liechtenstein Agnatic-cognatic primogeniture Hereditary Prince Alois
Akihito 1933 Emperor of Japan 1989 Agnatic primogeniture Crown Prince Naruhito
Harald V 1937 King of Norway 1991 Oldenburg Equal primogeniture Crown Prince Haakon
Muwenda Mutebi II 1955 King of Buganda (in Uganda) 1993
Albert II 1934 King of the Belgians 1993 Saxe-Coburg-Gotha Equal primogeniture The Duke of Brabant
Solomon Gafabusa Iguru 1949 King of Bunyoro-Kitara (in Uganda) 1994
Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani 1950 Emir of Qatar 1995 Al-Thani Appointed from within Royal Family Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani
Letsie III 1963 King of Lesotho 1996 Seeiso Appointment by College of Chiefs
Abdullah II 1962 King of Jordan 1999 Hashemite Choice by predecessor Prince Hussein
Mohammed VI 1963 King of Morocco 1999 Alaouite Agnatic primogeniture Prince Moulay Hassan
Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin 1943 Raja of Perlis (in Malaysia) 2000 Hereditary
Henri 1955 Grand Duke of Luxembourg 2000 Bourbon-Parma Cognatic primogeniture Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume
Sharafuddin Idris Shah Al-Haj Sultan of Selangor (in Malaysia) 2001 Hereditary
Gyanendra 1947 King of Nepal 2001 Shah Agnatic primogeniture Crown Prince Paras
Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifah 1950 King of Bahrain 1999 Al-Khalifa Agnatic primogeniture Crown Prince Salman
Soane Patita Maituku 1947 King of Alo (in Wallis and Futuna, a French territory in the Pacific Ocean) 2002 Chosen by tribe commission
Joan Enric Vives Sicília 1949 Episcopal Co-prince of Andorra 2003 Appointed
Visesio Moeliku King of Sigave (in Wallis and Futuna) 2004 Chosen by tribe commission
Norodom Sihamoni 1953 King of Cambodia 2004 Norodom Election by 9-member "throne council"
Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan 1948 Emir of Abu Dhabi, President and Sheikh of United Arab Emirates 2004
Albert II 1958 Prince of Monaco 2005 Grimaldi Cognatic primogeniture Hereditary Princess Caroline
Benedict XVI 1927 Pope of the Catholic Church (Sovereign of the State of Vatican City) 2005 Election by College of Cardinals Election by College of Cardinals upon death
Abdullah 1924 King of Saudi Arabia 2005 Saud Election by family Crown Prince Sultan
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum 1949 Emir of Dubai (one of the United Arab Emirates) 2006
Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah 1929 Emir of Kuwait 2006 Al-Sabah Appointment by Emir Sheikh Nawaf
George Tupou V 1948 King of Tonga 2006 Tupou Cognatic primogeniture 'Aho'eitu 'Unuaki'otonga Tuku'aho
Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck 1980 King of Bhutan 2006 Cognatic primogeniture Jigyel Ugyen Wangchuck
Mizan Zainal Abidin 1962 Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King of Malaysia) 2006 Election among local monarchs
Sultan of Terengganu (in Malaysia) 1998 Hereditary

Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Sultan Azlan Muhibbuddin Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Yusuff Izzuddin Shah Ghafarullahu-Lah (born April 19, 1928) is the current Sultan of Perak. ... For other uses, see Sultan (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Perak (disambiguation). ... Bhumibol Adulyadej (Thai: ; IPA: ; Royal Institute: Phumiphon Adunyadet;  ) (born Saturday,December 5, 1927 in the Year of the Rabbit), is the current King of Thailand. ... The Chakri dynasty has ruled Thailand since the founding of the Ratthanakosin era in 1782 after king Taksin of Thonburi was executed and the capital of Siam shifted to Bangkok. ... The Chakri dynasty has ruled Thailand since the founding of the Ratthanakosin era in 1782 after king Taksin of Thonburi was executed and the capital of Siam shifted to Bangkok. ... Monument to Prince Vajiralongkorn Maha Vajiralongkorn (born July 28, 1952) is the only son of Bhumibol Adulyadej, King (Rama IX) of Thailand, and Queen Sirikit. ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ... This article is about the monarchy of Australia, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, the other Commonwealth realm monarchies, and other relevant articles, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. Judicial High Court Lower Courts Constitution State... [--168. ... This article is about the monarchy of Barbados, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, the other Commonwealth realm monarchies, and other relevant articles, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. The monarchy of Barbados, aslo known as... This article is about the monarchy of Belize, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, the other Commonwealth realm monarchies, and other relevant articles, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. The Belizian monarchy is a system of... This article is about the monarchy of Canada, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, the other Commonwealth realm monarchies, and other relevant articles, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. Queen of Canada redirects here. ... The Paramount Chief of Fiji (Fijian:Ilisapeci-Na Radi ni Viti kei Peritania or Ilisapeci-Na Tui Viti) is the name given to Queen Elizabeth II in Fiji. ... This article is about the monarchy of Jamaica, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, the other Commonwealth realm monarchies, and other relevant articles, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. Jamaica is a constitutional monarchy and a... The Lord of Mann is the current ruler of the Isle of Man. ... Motto (Latin) Whithersoever you throw it, it will stand Anthem O Land of Our Birth (Manx) Royal anthem God Save the Queen Capital (and largest city) Douglas Official languages Manx, English Government    -  Lord of Mann Elizabeth II  -  Lieutenant Governor Sir Paul Haddacks  -  First Deemster Michael Kerruish  -  President of Tynwald Noel... This article is about the monarchy of New Zealand, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, the other Commonwealth realm monarchies, and other relevant articles, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. New Zealand is a constitutional monarchy... Bold textInsert non-formatted text here This statue of Rollo the Viking (founder of the fiefdom of Normandy) stands in Falaise, Calvados, birthplace of his descendant William I the Conqueror (the Duke of Normandy who became King of England). ... This article is about the British dependencies. ... This article is about the monarchy of the Solomon Islands, one of sixteen that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, the other Commonwealth realm monarchies, and other relevant articles, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth II. The Head of State of... This article is about the monarchy of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, one of 16 that share a common monarch; for information about this constitutional relationship, the other Commonwealth realm monarchies, and other relevant articles, see Commonwealth realm; for information on the reigning monarch, see Elizabeth... The House of Windsor is the current Royal House of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and each of the other Commonwealth Realms. ... Succession to the British Throne is governed both by common law and statute. ... “Prince Charles” redirects here. ... His Majesty Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Muizzaddin Waddaulah, the Sultan and Yang Di-Pertuan of Brunei Darussalam, GCB GCMG (born July 15, 1946) is the 29th Sultan of Brunei, the eldest son of His Majesty Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III, the previous Sultan of Brunei, and Her Majesty Raja... The Sultan of Brunei is the head of state of Brunei. ... Sultan Bolkiah (reign: 1485-1521) was the fifth Sultan of Brunei. ... Succession to the throne of Brunei is amongst the legitimate heirs and successors of Sultan Hashim Jalilul Alam Aqamaddin. ... His Royal Highness Crown Prince Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah (Malay: Duli Yang Teramat Mulia Paduka Seri Pengiran Muda Mahkota Haji Al-Muhtadee Billah) (born February 17, 1974) is the first born son and heir to the Sultan of Brunei. ... Goodwill Zwelithini kaBhekuzulu (b. ... Languages Zulu Religions Christian, African Traditional Religion Related ethnic groups Bantu Nguni Basotho Xhosa Swazi Matabele Khoisan The Zulu (South African English and isiZulu: amaZulu) are a South African ethnic group of an estimated 17-22 million people who live mainly in the province of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. ... Sayyed Qaboos bin Sa’id Al ‘Bu Sa’id GCB GCMG GCVO (Arabic: قابوس بن سعيد آل سعيد born November 18, 1940 in Salalah) is the current Sultan of Oman. ... In Oman the eldest son of the reigning Sultan succeeds on his death. ... Margrethe II (Margrethe Alexandrine Þórhildur Ingrid) (born 16 April 1940) is the Queen regnant of Denmark. ... This is a list of Danish monarchs, that is, the Kings and ruling Queen of Denmark, including Regents of the Kalmar Union. ... ... Succession to the Danish Throne. ... Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark (born Frederik André Henrik Christian on 26 May 1968 in Copenhagen, Denmark) is the eldest son of Queen Margrethe II and her husband, Prince Consort Henrik. ... Carl XVI Gustaf, King of Sweden (Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus; born 30 April 1946) is the current Swedish monarch and head of state of the Kingdom of Sweden. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... The House of Bernadotte, the current Royal House of the Kingdom of Sweden, has reigned since 1818. ... Sweden is a constitutional monarchy with a representative democracy based on a parliamentary system. ... Victoria, Crown Princess of Sweden, Duchess of Västergötland (Swedish: , Victoria Ingrid Alice Désirée; born 14 July 1977) is the heiress apparent to the Swedish throne. ... In full, Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Mustain Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah (born October 24, 1930 at Istana Mangga Tunggal, Pekan) was the seventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong (roughly equivalent to King) of Malaysia from March 29, 1979 to April 25, 1984, and... State anthem: Pahang State Anthem Capital Kuantan Royal capital Pekan Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Ahmad Shah  - Menteri Besar Adnan Yaakob History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 35,964 km² Population  - 2005 estimate 1,372,500  - Density 38. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The flag of the UAE Fujairah (Arabic: الفجيرة) is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates, on the Gulf of Oman in the countrys east. ... King Juan Carlos I His Majesty King Juan Carlos I (Juan Carlos Alfonso Víctor María de Borbón y Borbón), styled HM The King (born January 5, 1938), is the reigning King of Spain. ... The Spanish monarchy, referred to as the Crown of Spain (Corona de España) in the Spanish Constitution of 1978, is the office of the King or Queen of Spain. ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... Spain uses the same system of (male-preference) primogeniture as the United Kingdom. ... Don Felipe, Prince of Asturias (Felipe Juan Pablo Alfonso de Todos los Santos de Borbón y de Grecia) born January 30, 1968), is the third child of King Juan Carlos and Queen Sofía of Spain. ... Duli Yang Maha Mulia Tuanku Al-Sultan Ismail Petra ibni Almarhum Al-Sultan Yahya Petra is a Sultan of Kelantan, Malaysia since 1979 till the present. ... State motto: Berserah kepada Tuhan Kerajaan Kelantan State anthem: Selamat Sultan Capital (and royal capital) Kota Bharu Ruling party PAS  - Sultan Tuanku Ismail Petra  - Menteri Besar Nik Aziz Nik Mat History    - Siamese control 1603   - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942-1946   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 14... Beatrix (born January 31, 1938 as Beatrix Wilhelmina Armgard, Princess of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau, Princess of Lippe-Biesterfeld) has been the Queen regnant of the Kingdom of the Netherlands since April 30, 1980. ... The Netherlands have been an independent monarchy since March 16, 1815, and have been governed by members of the House of Orange-Nassau since. ... The House of Orange-Nassau (in Dutch: Huis van Oranje-Nassau), a branch of the German House of Nassau, has played a central role in the political life of the Netherlands - and at times in Europe - since William I of Orange (also known as William the Silent and Father of... The Netherlands applied Salic law until 1884 when King William IIIs last male heir died and the Staten-Generaal adopted agnatic-cognatic primogeniture making Princess Wilhelmina heiress presumptive. ... His Royal Highness Crown Prince Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands, (Willem-Alexander Claus George Ferdinand), Prince of Orange, Prince of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau, Jonkheer of Amsberg (born April 27, 1967), is the Crown Prince of the Netherlands and styled HRH the Prince of Orange. ... Katsina is an old city of Northern Nigeria 160 miles South East of the city of Sokoto, and 84 m. ... His Highness Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid al-Nuaimi, succeeded his father to the emir of Ajman, United Arab Emirates in 1981 and is the current emir of Ajman. ... Umm al-Qaiwain (Arabic language: أمّ القيوين) is one of the emirates in the United Arab Emirates. ... In full, Duli Yang Maha Mulia Baginda Al-Mutawakkil Alallah Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Sir Ismail Al-Khalidi (born April 8, 1932) in Johor Bahru was the eighth Yang di-Pertuan Agong (roughly equivalent to King) of Malaysia from April 26, 1984 to April 25, 1989, and... State motto: Kepada Allah Berserah State anthem: Lagu Bangsa Johor Capital Johor Bahru Royal capital Pasir Pelangi1 Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Iskandar  - Menteri Besar Abdul Ghani Othman History    - Johor Sultanate 14th century   - British control 1914   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 19,984... His Highness Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid al-Nuaimi, succeeded his father to the emir of Ajman, United Arab Emirates in 1981 and is the current emir of Ajman. ... Motto:  Anthem: Ishy Bilady Capital (and largest city) Ajman Official languages Arabic Government constitutional monarchy  -  Emir Sheikh Humaid bin Rashid Al Nuaimi  -  Crown prince Sheikh Ammar bin Humaid Al Nuaimi Establishment 1780  Area  -  Total 259 km²  177 sq mi  Population  -  2007 estimate 235,000  Currency UAE dirham (AED) Time zone... Mswati III (born Makhosetive on April 19, 1968) of Swaziland is the king of Swaziland, and head of the Swazi Royal Family. ... This page contains a list of paramount chiefs and kings (Ngwenyamas) of Swaziland. ... Dr Sheikh Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qasimi (b. ... Sharjah Central Souq - Shopping Mall The flag of Sharjah The Emirate of Sharjah (Arabic: الشارقة ash-shaariqah) is a small Country that extends along approximately 16 kilometres of the United Arab Emiratess Persian Gulf coastline and for more than 80 kilometres into the interior. ... Occupancy is a defined legal term in building construction and building codes. ... This is a list of Grand Masters of the Knights Hospitaller. ... His Serene Highness Hans-Adam II (Johannes Hans Adam Ferdinand Aloys Josef Maria Marko dAviano Pius), styled HSH The Sovereign Prince of Liechtenstein (born February 14, 1945), is the son of Franz Josef II of Liechtenstein (1906-1989) and his wife Gina von Wilczek (1921-1989). ... On 15 August 2004, Hans Adam II formally delegated the power to make decisions in Liechtenstein to his son, Alois of Liechtenstein. ... Liechtenstein laws allow the line of succession to the throne (which were regulated in 1606) to be by agnatic primogeniture, i. ... His Serene Highness Hereditary Prince Alois Philipp Maria von und zu Liechtenstein (born 11 June 1968) has been Regent of Liechtenstein (Stellvertreter des Fürsten) since 15 August 2004. ... For Prince Komatsu, see Prince Komatsu Akihito. ... For the CPR ocean liner, see Empress of Japan. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan 徳仁皇太子 (Naruhito Kōtaishi) (born February 23, 1960 at Togu Palace, Tokyo) is the eldest son of HIM Emperor Akihito and HIM Empress Michiko. ... Harald V, KG (born February 21, 1937) is the King of Norway. ... This article is a list of rulers of Norway up until the present, including: The Norwegian kingdom (with the Faroe Islands) The Union with Iceland and Greenland (1262-1814) The Norwegian kingdom (with Iceland, Greenland and the Faroe Islands 1262-1814) The Union of Sweden and Norway (1319-1343) The... The House of Oldenburg is a North German noble family and one of Europes most influential Royal Houses. ... Order of succession Monarchies   Belgium   Denmark   Ethiopia   Japan   Liechtenstein   Luxembourg   Monaco   Netherlands   Norway   Spain   Sweden   United Kingdom Presidencies   France   United States   Peru The order of succession to the Norwegian throne is described in article 6 in the Constitution of Norway: [...] For those born before the year 1971, Article 6 of... Crown Prince Haakon of Norway (born on July 20, 1973 in Oslo, full name Haakon Magnus) is the heir apparent to the throne of Norway. ... Mutebi II Ronald Muwenda Mutebi II, born April 13, 1955, is the current King or Kabaka of Buganda, a tribal kingdom in modern Uganda. ... The flag of Buganda Buganda is the kingdom of the 52 clans of the Baganda people, the largest of the traditional kingdoms in present-day Uganda. ... Albert II, King of the Belgians (Albert Félix Humbert Théodore Chrétien Eugène Marie), (born June 6, 1934), is the current King of the Belgians and a constitutional monarch. ... The royal palace in Brussels Successive Belgian kings are 1831-1865: Leopold I 1865-1909: Leopold II 1909-1934: Albert I 1934-1951: Leopold III 1944-1950: Charles, reigned as Prince Regent 1951-1993: Baudouin I Since 1993: Albert II None of these were King of Belgium: their title is... Saxe-Coburg-Gotha or Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (German: Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) was once the name given to the two German duchies of Saxe-Coburg and Saxe-Gotha in Germany, in the present states of Bavaria and Thuringia, which were in personal union between 1826 and 1918. ... Belgium uses full (lineal) equal primogeniture; since 1991 males and females have equal rights of succession but this only counts for the offspring of King Albert II, effectively barring the female descended offspring of Leopold II, Albert I and Leopold III from the throne. ... The Duke of Brabant His Royal Highness Prince Philippe, Duke of Brabant (Philippe Léopold Louis Marie Wettin), styled HRH The Duke of Brabant (born 15 April 1960), is the eldest son and heir apparent of Albert II, King of the Belgians. ... Bunyoro is a region of Uganda, and from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century one of the most powerful kingdoms of East Africa. ... Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani became the Emir of the State of Qatar on June 26, 1995 after deposing his father, who was vacationing in Switzerland at the time. ... Entrance to the emirs palace in Bukhara. ... The order of succession as the Ruler of Qatar is determined by appointments within the Al Thani family. ... Sheikh Tamim Bin Hamad Al Thani (Arabic: الشيخ تميم بن حمد آل ثاني) is the current Heir Apparent of Qatar. ... Letsie III (original name David Mohato Bereng Seeiso) (born July 17, 1963) is the king of Lesotho. ... Royal Standard of the King of Lesotho This page lists Paramount Chiefs and Kings of Lesotho. ... The Succession to the throne of Lesotho is laid down in Chapter V of the African kingdoms constitution. ... King Abdullah II bin Al Hussein (Arabic: ‎, al-Malik Ê¿Abdullāh aṯ-ṯānÄ« bin al-Ḥusayn) is the King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. ... The Jordanian monarchy was set up in 1921, with help from the British. ... Hashemite is the Anglicised version of the Arabic: هاشمي (transliteration: Hashemi) and traditionally refers to those belonging to the Banu Hashim, or clan of Hashem, a clan within the larger Quraish tribe. ... Prince Hussein is King Abdullahs first-born son, king of Jordan. ... US President George W. Bush talks with His Majesty King Mohammed VI of Morocco in the Oval Office Tuesday, 23 April 2002 King Mohammed VI (Arabic: الملك محمد السادس للمغرب), also King Mohammed Ben Al-Hassan is the current King of Morocco. ... This is a partial list of Kings of Morocco. ... Alawite is a Middle Eastern Syria. ... The present King of Morocco is Mohammed VI. Article 20 of the of the Moroccan constitution of 1996 states that the Moroccan Crown and the constitutional rights thereof shall be hereditary and handed down, from father to son, to descendants in direct male line and by order of primogeniture among... Prince Moulay Hassan of Morocco (born May 8, 2003) a. ... In full, Duli Yang Maha Mulia Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin ibni Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail (born 1943) is the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) of Malaysia, and Raja of Perlis. ... For other uses, see Raja (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Malaysian state. ... His Royal Highness Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg, Henri Albért Gabriel Félix Marie Guillaume (born April 6, 1955) is the hereditary ruler of Luxembourg. ... Luxembourg is a constitutional monarchy whose Head of State is the Grand Duke of Luxembourg (or Grand Duchess of Luxembourg in the exceptional but twice occurred event of the sovereign being female). ... Also see:  Early Modern France The House of Bourbon is an important European royal house, a branch of the Capetian dynasty. ... Present monarch: HRH Grand Duke Henri (since October 7, 2000), born 1955 HRH Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume, eldest son of the Grand Duke, born 1981 HRH Prince Félix, second son of the Grand Duke, born 1984 HRH Prince Sébastien, fourth son of the Grand Duke, born 1992 HRH... Guillaume, Hereditary Grand Duke of Luxembourg (Guillaume Jean Joseph Marie) born November 11, 1981, is the eldest child of Grand Duke Henri and his wife Maria Teresa Mestre. ... The palace of the Sultan of Selangor in Klang In full, Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj also known as Sultan Sharafuddin or Sultan Idris Shah is the current Sultan of Selangor, Malaysia. ... State motto: Dipelihara Allah State anthem: Duli Yang Maha Mulia Capital Shah Alam Royal capital Klang Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Sharafuddin  - Menteri Besar Dr Mohd Khir Toyo History    - Federated into FMS 1895   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 7,956 km² Population  - 2005... Gyanendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, King of Nepal (Nepali: ज्ञानेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाहदेव; Jñānendra VÄ«ra Vikrama Śāhadeva) (born July 7, 1947) is the present King of Nepal since June 4, 2001. ... Royal Standard of Nepal The king of Nepal is known as the Raja; his Queen is known as the Rani. ... The Shah dynasty is the ruling dynasty of Nepal. ... The Line of succession to the Nepalese Throne is determined by agnatic primogeniture. ... Crown Prince Paras of Nepal meeting President Hu Jintao of China, August 16 2004. ... Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa, King of Bahrain (Arabic: حمد بن عيسى آل خليفة) (born January 28, 1950 in Riffa, Bahrain) is the current King of Bahrain (since 2002), having previously been its Emir (from 1999). ... Amir of Bahrain was the title given to the ruler of Bahrain from 1971 until 2002. ... The Al Khalifa (Arabic: آل خليفة) dynasty is the ruling family of Bahrain. ... Succession to the Bahraini throne is determined by primogeniture amongst the male descendants of Hakim Isa ibn Ali Al Khalifa. ... Crown Prince of Bahrain Shaikh Salman bin Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa (born 21 October 1969) is the Crown Prince and the Undersecretary of Defence of the Kingdom of Bahrain. ... King Soane Patita Maituku is the curent Tui Agaifo since 2002. ... Tui, also spelled more simplistically Tui, is a Polynesian traditional title for tribal chiefs or princes. ... Alo, also known unofficially as Tu`a, is one of the three official chiefdoms of the French territory of Wallis and Futuna, which encompasses the eastern two thirds (53 km² out of 83 km²) of Futuna Island, and mostly uninhabited Alofi Island (32 km², pop. ... Joan Enric Vives i Sicília (born July 24, 1949) is the current Bishop of Urgell and ex officio Co-Prince of Andorra. ... This is a list of Co-Princes of Andorra. ... Tui, also spelled more simplistically Tui, is a Polynesian traditional title for tribal chiefs or princes. ... Sigave is one of the three official chiefdoms of the French territory of Wallis and Futuna, which is located on the western part of Futuna Island. ... Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia (born 14 May 1953) the elder and only surviving son of King Norodom Sihanouk and Queen Mother Norodom Monineath Sihanouk. ... This is a complete list of Kings of Cambodia 6th century: Bhavavarman I 6th century: Mahendravarman 7th century: Isanavarman I 7th century: Bhavavarman II 7th century: Jayavarman I 8th century: Queen Jayavedi REIGN UNKNOWN: Sambhuvarman REIGN UNKNOWN: Pushkaraksha 8th century: Sambhuvarman 8th century: Rajendravarman I REIGN UNKNOWN: Mahipativarman 802-850... Succession to the Cambodian throne is determined by the Royal Council of the Throne with the King not having the power to appoint an heir to the throne. ... His Highness Sheikh Khalifa bin Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahayan (خليفة بن زايد بن سلطان آل نهيان, born 1948) is the current president of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). ... Abu Dhabi or Abu Zaby (Arabic language: أبوظبي) is the largest of the seven emirates that comprise the United Arab Emirates and was also the largest of the former Trucial States. ... // Hamad bin Abdullah ash-Sharqi as Hakim 1876 - 1942 Sheikh Mohammad ibn Hamad ash-Sharqi (1942 - 18 September 1974) Sheikh Hamad ibn Mohammad ash-Sharqi (18 September 1974 - Present) Sheikh Rahman al-Qasimi (17xx - 17xx) Sheikh Matar ibn Rahman al-Qasimi (17xx - 174x) Sheikh Rashid ibn Matar al-Qasimi (174x... Albert II, Prince of Monaco (Albert Alexandre Louis Pierre Grimaldi; born 14 March 1958), styled His Serene Highness The Sovereign Prince of Monaco, is the head of the House of Grimaldi and the current ruler of the Principality of Monaco. ... List of the ruling princes of the Grimaldi family. ... Grimaldi usually refers to House of Grimaldi, the rulers of Monaco. ... The line of succession to the Monegasque Throne passes to the descendants of the reigning Prince of Monaco in accordance with male-preference primogeniture. ... Caroline, The Princess of Hanover, Hereditary Princess of Monaco (Caroline Louise Marguerite Prinzessin von Hannover, Erbprinzessin von Monaco), formally styled Her Royal Highness The Princess of Hanover [1], (born 23 January 1957) is the eldest child of Prince Rainier III of Monaco and his wife, the former American film actress... Pope Benedict XVI (Latin: ; born April 16, 1927 as Joseph Alois Ratzinger in Marktl am Inn, Bavaria, Germany) is the 265th reigning pope, the head of the Roman Catholic Church and sovereign of Vatican City. ... For other uses, see Pope (disambiguation). ... The name Catholic Church can mean a visible organization that refers to itself as Catholic, or the invisible Christian Church, viz. ... The Sistine Chapel is the location of the conclave. ... The Sistine Chapel is the location of the conclave. ... U.S. Vice President Dick Cheney walks with newly crowned King Abdullah, former U.S. President George H.W. Bush, and former U.S. Secretary of State Colin Powell during a retreat at King Abdullahs Farm in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, August 2005. ... The King of Saudi Arabia is Saudi Arabias head of state and monarch. ... The House of Saud ( transliteration: ) is the royal family of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. ... The order of succession to the throne of Saudi Arabia is determined by, and within, the House of Saud. ... Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud (Arabic: ) (born January 5, 1928 in Riyadh) is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, and First Deputy Prime Minister. ... Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum (Arabic (محمد بن راشد آلمكتوم) (born 1949) is currently the Prime Minister and Vice President of the United Arab Emirates, as well as the Ruler of Dubai. ... Location of Dubai in the UAE Coordinates: , Country Emirate Dubai Incorporated (town) June 9, 1833 Incorporated (emirate) December 2, 1971 Founder Maktoum bin Bati bin Suhail (1833) Seat Dubai Subdivisions Towns and villages Jebel Ali Hatta Al Hunaiwah Al Aweer Al Hajarain Al Lusayli Al Marqab Al Shindagha Al Faq... Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah with U.S. president George W. Bush at the White House His Highness Sheikh Sabah IV Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (Arabic: صباح الأحمد الجابر الصباح Sabāh al-Ahmad al-Jābir as-Sabāh; born 1929) is the Emir of Kuwait. ... This is an (incomplete) list of emirs of Kuwait: The Sabah dynasty came to power in 1752, before which date the Bani Khalid tribe ruled the region. ... Succession to the throne of Kuwait is limited to the descendants of Mubarak Al-Sabah. ... Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah(Arabic: نواف الأحمد الجابر الصباح Nawaf al-Ahmad al-Jābir as-Sabāh; born 1937) is the half-brother of the current emir of Kuwait, Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. ... King George Tupou V (Tongan: Siaosi Tupou V, full name: Siaosi Tāufaʻāhau Manumataongo TukuÊ»aho Tupou V), (born 4 May 1948) is the current King of Tonga. ... The following monarchs have reigned since the constitutional role of the Tongan monarchy was set forth in 1875, (see Line of succession to the Tongan Throne): King George Tupou I (1875-1893) King George Tupou II (1893-1918) Queen Salote Tupou III (1918-1965) King Taufaahau Tupou IV (1965... The order of succession to the throne of Tonga is laid down in the 1875 constitution of the south Pacific island nation. ... Prince Ahoeitu Unuakiotonga Tukuaho (born 12 July 1959), is the younger brother of King George Tupou V of Tonga and officially confirmed by the latter on 27 September 2006 as the Heir Presumptive to the Tongan throne. ... Jigme Khesar Namgyal Wangchuck (born February 21, 1980) is the fifth Dragon King of Bhutan and head of the Wangchuck dynasty. ... Kings of Bhutan: Ugyen Wangchuk (1907-1926) Jigme Wangchuk (1926-1952) Jigme Dorji Wangchuk (1952-1972) Jigme Singye Wangchuk (1972-present) Categories: Lists of office-holders | Bhutan ... The line of succession to the throne of Bhutan is male primogeniture amongst the descendants of King Ugyen Wangchuck. ... Prince Jigyel Ugyen Wangchuck (born 16 July 1984[1]) is the heir presumptive to the Bhutanese throne. ... Duli Yang Maha Mulia Al-Wathiqu Billah Tuanku Mizan Zainal Abidin Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah is the 16th Sultan of the state of Terengganu, Malaysia, and the 13th Yang di-Pertuan Agong, or King, of Malaysia. ... Flag of the Supreme Head of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong is a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ... Replicas of the thrones of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong and his wife, National History Museum, Kuala Lumpur Yang di-Pertuan Agong, a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Head, Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the head of state of Malaysia. ... Flag of the Supreme Head of Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong is a Malay title usually translated as Supreme Ruler or Paramount Ruler, is the official title of the constitutional head of state of the federation of Malaysia. ... For other uses, see Sultan (disambiguation). ... State motto: Islam Hadhari Terengganu Bestari State anthem: Terengganu State Anthem Capital (and royal capital) Kuala Terengganu Ruling party Barisan Nasional  - Sultan Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin1  - Menteri Besar Idris Jusoh History    - British control 1909   - Japanese occupation 1942   - Accession into Federation of Malaya 1948  Area  - Total 12,955 km² Population  - 2005...

See also

Look up monarch, kingship in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ... African Monarchs Asian Monarchs European Monarchs Categories: Lists of current office-holders | Monarchs ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ... Archontology - study of historical offices and important positions in state, international, political, religious and other organizations and societies, including chronology, succession of office holders, their biographies and related records. ...

References

  1. ^ Prince of Wales is a courtesy title given to the eldest son (if there is one) of the King/Queen of Great Britain and Nthn Ireland - he is not a monarch in his own right
  2. ^ Canada: History
  3. ^ Ferguson, Will; The Lost Kingdom; Macleans, October 27, 2003
  4. ^ The Four Indian Kings
  5. ^ The Crown in Canada
  6. ^ SOU 1977:5 Kvinnlig tronföljd, p.16.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Monarch Mountain (344 words)
Monarch has the unique Burton "Learn to Ride" snowboards, specially designed to help you learn to snowboard GROUP SKIING in Colorado Exciting group ski vacations in Colorado.
Monarch Mountain has one of the most experienced group sales staff in Colorado ready to make your group a great deal on your group ski and snowboard trip.
Monarch Mountain is a friendly place so that the whole family will enjoy a great family ski vacation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m