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Encyclopedia > Monadnock Building

The Monadnock Building is a historic skyscraper in the Loop district of downtown Chicago, Illinois. The Loop is what locals call the downtown neighborhood of Chicago. ... Chicago (officially named the City of Chicago) is the third largest city in the United States (after New York City and Los Angeles), with an official population of 2,896,016, as of the 2000 census. ... State nickname: Land of Lincoln, The Prairie State Official languages English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Governor Rod Blagojevich (D) Senators Richard Durbin (D) Barack Obama (D) Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 25th 149,998 km² 4. ...


The seventeen-storey building stands 197 feet (60 meters) tall. The northern half was designed and built by Burnham & Root in 18891891; the southern half was designed and built by Holabird & Roche in 18911893. The building was designated a Chicago Landmark on November 14, 1973. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... 1889 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1891 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... 1893 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Chicago Landmark is a designation of the Mayor of Chicago and the Chicago City Council for historic buildings and other sites in Chicago, Illinois. ... November 14 is the 318th day of the year (319th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 47 days remaining. ... 1973 (MCMLXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday. ...


The northern half of the Monadnock represents the last Chicago skyscraper built using load-bearing wall construction; in order for the structure to support its own weight, the walls at the base of the structure are six feet (1.83 meters) thick. The walls then curve in slightly at the second story, and flare out at the top of the building, lending it a form similar to that of an Egyptian pylon. Architect John Root's initial plans for the building had included more Egyptian embellishment, but the developer insisted that the building have no ornament. In architecture and building technique, a load bearing wall is one in which a wall of a structure bears the weight and force resting upon it, as opposed to a curtain wall which uses the strength of a sub wall and superstructure to carry the weight. ... Pylon is the Greek term for a monumental gate or door built in front of an Egyptian temple. ... John Wellborn Root (January 10, 1850 - January 15, 1891) was a significant U.S. architect who worked out of Chicago with Daniel Burnham. ...


The southern half of the building was built using the more technologically advanced steel-frame construction, which allowed narrower piers and wider windows. The radical difference in construction between the two halves marks the building's place in architectural history at the end of one building tradition and the beginning of another.


The building's name is taken from the geological term indicating a freestanding mountain surrounded by a plain. A monadnock or inselberg is an isolated hill, knob, ridge, or small mountain that rises abruptly from a gently sloping or virtually level surrounding plain. ...


References

  • "Chicago Landmarks: Monadnock Block", CityofChicago.org, retrieved October 23, 2005.
  • "Monadnock Building", Emporis, retrieved October 23, 2005.
  • Schulze, Franz, and Harrington, Kevin. Chicago's Famous Buildings, Fourth Edition, The University of Chicago Press, 1993. ISBN 0226740625.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Monadnock - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (252 words)
A monadnock or inselberg is an isolated hill, knob, ridge, or small mountain that rises abruptly from a gently sloping or virtually level surrounding plain.
Monadnock is an originally Native American term for an isolated hill or a lone mountain that has risen above the surrounding area, typically by surviving erosion.
USS Monadnock (1883) was a United States Navy ironclad warship.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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