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Encyclopedia > Mombasa
Mombasa, Kenya
Location of Mombasa
Coordinates: 4°03′S 39°40′E / -4.05, 39.667
Country Kenya
Province Coast Province
District Mombasa District
Government
 - Mayor Shekue Ali Shekue (acting since 2006)
Area
 - City 295 km²  (113.9 sq mi)
 - Land 230 km² (88.8 sq mi)
 - Water 65 km² (25.1 sq mi)
Elevation 50 m (164 ft)
Population (1999)
 - City 665,018
 - Urban 665,018
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)

Mombasa is the second largest city in Kenya, lying on the Indian Ocean. It has a major port and an international airport. The city is the centre of the coastal tourism industry. The original Arabic name is Manbasa; in Kiswahili it is called Kisiwa Cha Mvita (or Mvita for short), which means "Island of War", due to the many changes in its ownership. The town is also the headquarters of Mombasa District which, like most other districts in Kenya, is named after its chief town. Image File history File links Emblem-important. ... Image File history File links KE-Mombasa. ... Coast Province is a province of Kenya. ... Mombasa District is one of the seventy-one districts of Kenya. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Cities with at least a million inhabitants in 2006 An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Time zones of Africa: Striped colours indicate countries observing daylight saving East Africa Time, or EAT, is a time zone used in eastern Africa. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Port. ... Kiswahili is an alternative name for the Swahili language, derived from the expression lugha ya Kiswahili, which is what speakers of Swahili call their language. ... Mombasa District is one of the seventy-one districts of Kenya. ...

Contents

Description

The city has a population of around 900,000 inhabitants (1999 census: 665,018) and is located on Mombasa Island, which is separated from the mainland by two creeks; Tudor Creek and Kilindini Harbour. The island is connected to the mainland to the north by the Nyali Bridge, to the south by the Likoni Ferry and to the west by the Makupa Causeway, alongside which runs the Uganda Railway. The port serves both Kenya and countries of the interior, linking them to the Ocean. The town is served by Moi International Airport, offering flights to many cities around the world. Mombasa Island is a 5 km by 3 km coral outcrop located on Kenyas coast on the Indian Ocean. ... In United Kingdom usage, the term creek refers exclusively to a tidal water channel. ... Kilindini Harbour is a large, natural deep-water inlet extending inland from Mombasa, Kenya. ... The Uganda Railway is a railway system linking the interiors of Uganda and Kenya to the Indian Ocean at Mombasa in Kenya. ... Moi International Airport (IATA: MBA, ICAO: HKMO), also Mombasa Airport, serves the city of Mombasa, and is the second most important airport in Kenya after Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi. ...


The town is mainly occupied by the Muslim Mijikenda/Swahili people. Over the centuries there have been many immigrants and traders who settled in Mombasa, particularly from Persia and the Middle East and Indian sub-continent who came mainly as traders and skilled craftsmen and even after four or five generations, their descendants continue to contribute highly to the economy of present day Mombasa and Kenya as a whole. Recent immigrants are peoples from the interior of Kenya brought to the area by employment opportunities in the tourist industry. There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... The Mijikenda (literally the nine, also called the Nyika or Nika) are the nine tribes along the coast of Kenya, Somalia and Tanzania. ... The Swahili are a people and culture found on the coast of East Africa, mainly the coastal regions and the islands of Kenya and Tanzania, and north Mozambique. ... For other uses of this term see: Persia (disambiguation) The Persian Empire is the name used to refer to a number of historic dynasties that have ruled the country of Persia (Iran). ... A map showing countries commonly considered to be part of the Middle East The Middle East is a region comprising the lands around the southern and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Sea, a territory that extends from the eastern Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf. ... The Indian subcontinent is the peninsular region of larger South Asia in which the nations of India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Sri Lanka as well as parts of Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and some disputed territory currently controlled by China are located. ... A tourist boat travels the River Seine in Paris, France Tourism can be defined as the act of travel for the purpose of recreation, and the provision of services for this act. ...


Traditional dress for the Swahili women is a brightly coloured, printed cotton sheet called a kanga, which may have inspirational slogans printed on it. Muslim women wear a covering known as a bui bui, that is traditionally black, along with a head covering called an abaya, and sometimes wear a veil called a nikab, also known as the "ninja". Men wear a type of sarong, which is coloured in bright bands, called a "kikoi". For other uses, see Cotton (disambiguation). ... A simplified illustration of a kanga. ... A sarong or sarung is a large sheet of fabric, often wrapped around the waist and worn as a skirt by men and women throughout much of south Asia and southeast Asia, parts of Africa, and on many Pacific islands. ...


There are several places to visit in Mombasa, including Fort Jesus, built by the Portuguese, and the Old Town, which is by now in bad need of repair but still shows plenty of examples of the old Islamic architecture. Biashara Street in Mombasa which in Swahili means “Trade Street” is also an old part of the city where the Indian and Arab merchants set up shop and one can now find kangas and kikoys (pl. vikoi) being sold in these small authentic shops. The famous "Light House" is a must to enjoy the native cassava crisps and coconut water during sunset. Fort Jesus, Mombasa Fort Jesus is a Portuguese fort built in 1593 on Mombasa Island to guard the Old Port of Mombasa. ... The interior of the Selimiye Mosque in Edirne. ...


History

Wood carvings at Mombasa Beach in Kenya.
Wood carvings at Mombasa Beach in Kenya.

The founding of Mombasa is associated with two rulers: Mwana Mkisi (female) and Shehe Mvita. According to oral history and medieval commentaries (also based on oral history), Shehe Mvita superseded the dynasty of Mwana Mkisi and established his own town on Mombasa Island. Shehe Mvita is remembered as a Muslim of great learning and so is connected more directly with the present ideals of Swahili culture that people identify with Mombasa. The ancient history associated with Shehe Mvita and the founding of an urban settlement on Mombasa Island is still linked to present-day peoples living in Mombasa. The Thenashara Taifa (or Twelve Nations) Swahili lineages recound this ancient history today and are the keepers of local Swahili traditions. Even though today Mombasa is a very heterogeneous cultural mix, families associated with the Twelve Nations are still considered the original inhabitants of the city. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 277 KB)Wood Carvings at Mombasa Beach in Kenya. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1280x960, 277 KB)Wood Carvings at Mombasa Beach in Kenya. ... Carved wooden cranes Wood carving is a form of working wood by means of a cutting tool held in the hand (this may be a power tool), resulting in a wooden figure or figurine (this may be abstract in nature) or in the ornamentation of a wooden object. ...


Most of the early information on Mombasa comes from Portuguese chroniclers writing in the sixteenth century. The famous Moroccan scholar and traveller Ibn Battuta did visit Mombasa in 1331 on his travels on the eastern coast of Africa and made some mention of the city, although he only stayed one night. He noted that the people of Mombasa were Shãfi'i Muslims, "a religious people, trustworthy and righteous. Their mosques are made of wood, expertly built." It has been suggested that Travelling route of Ibn Batuta be merged into this article or section. ...


The exact founding date of the city is unknown, but it has a long history. It must have been already a prosperous trading town in the 12th century, as the Arab geographer Al Idrisi mentions it in 1151. During the pre-modern period Mombasa was an important centre for the trade in spices, gold and ivory. Its trade links reached as far as China and oral historians today can still recall this period of local history. Throughout early modern period Mombasa was a key node in the complex and far reaching Indian Ocean trading networks, its key exports then were ivory, millet, sesamum and coconuts. In the late pre-colonial period (late nineteenth century) it was the metropolis of a plantation society, which became dependend on slave labour (sources contradict whether the city was ever an important place for exporting slaves) but ivory caravans remained a major source of economic prosperity. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Millet (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Sesamum indicum Sesame is a plant grown primarily for its oil-rich seeds. ... For other uses, see Coconut (disambiguation). ... Slave redirects here. ...


The great Chinese fleet of Zheng He is supposed to have visited Mombasa around 1415. A modern illustration of Zheng He, by an unidentified artist. ...


Vasco da Gama was the first known European to visit Mombasa, receiving a chilly reception in 1498. Two years later, the town was sacked by the Portuguese. In 1502 the sultanate became independent from Kilwa Kisiwani as Mvita (in Kiswahili) or Manbasa (Arabic). Portugal attacked the city again in 1528, and built Fort Jesus in 1593 in an attempt to colonise, from which time it was governed by a Captain-major. In 1638 it formally became a Portuguese colony (subordinated to Goa, as a stronghold on the route to Portuguese India). For other uses, see Vasco da Gama (disambiguation). ... 1498 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic monarch ruling under the terms of shariah. ... Kilwa Kisiwani is an Islamic community on an island off the coast of East Africa, in present day Tanzania. ... Fort Jesus, Mombasa Fort Jesus is a Portuguese fort built in 1593 on Mombasa Island to guard the Old Port of Mombasa. ... Events May 18 - Playwright Thomas Kyds accusations of heresy lead to an arrest warrant for Christopher Marlowe. ... Captain-major is the English rendering of a Portuguese title (?Capitão-mor ?Capitão-major) for colonial officers, put in charge of a Portuguese possession (also called captaincy, after his title) deemed not (yet) important enough to have their own colonial Governor. ... For other uses, see Goa (disambiguation). ...


In 1698, the town came under suzerainty of the Sultanate of Oman, but it became subordinate to Zanzibar, prompting regular local rebellions. Oman appointed three consecutive Governors (Wali in Arabic, Liwali in Kiswahili]): Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070... Wali (plural Auliyaa) is an Arabic word, literally meaning protector or guardian, also adopted in various other Islamic cultures. ...

  • 12 December 1698–December 1698 Imam Sa`if ibn Sultan
  • December 1698–1728 Nasr ibn Abdallah al-Mazru`i
  • 1728–12 March 1728 Shaykh Rumba

Next, Mombasa returned under Portuguese rule by captains-major Álvaro Caetano de Melo Castro (12 March 172821 September 1729), then four new Omani Liwali till 1746, when the last of them made it independent again (disputed by Oman), as the first of its recorded Sultans: is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 4 - Palace of Whitehall in London is destroyed by fire. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala The founding of the University of Havana (Universidad de la Habana), Cubas most well-established university. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Astronomical aberration discovered by the astronomer James Bradley Swedish academy of sciences founded at Uppsala The founding of the University of Havana (Universidad de la Habana), Cubas most well-established university. ... is the 264th day of the year (265th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events July 30 - Baltimore, Maryland is founded. ...

  • 1746–1755 `Ali ibn Uthman al-Mazru`i
  • 1755–1773 Masud ibn Naisr al-Mazru`i
  • 1773–1782 Abdallah ibn Muhammad al-Mazru`i
  • 1782–1811 Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Mazru`i (b. 17..–d. 1814)
  • 1812–1823 `Abd Allah ibn Ahmad al-Mazru`i (d. 1823)
  • 1823–1826 Sulayman ibn `Ali al-Mazru`i

From 9 February 1824 to 25 July 1826 there was a British protectorate over Mombasa, represented by Governors. Omani rule was restored in 1826; seven liwalis where appointed. On 24 June 1837 it was nominally annexed by Zanzibar; in 1840 it was effectively taken by the Sultan of Zanzibar. is the 40th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1824 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The oldest surviving photograph, Nicéphore Niépce, circa 1826 1826 (MDCCCXXVI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... This article is about states protected and/or dominated by a foreign power. ... is the 175th day of the year (176th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom (1837 - 1901) 1837 (MDCCCXXXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Annexation is the legal merging of some territory into another body. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070... 1840 is a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Sultan (Arabic: سلطان) is an Islamic title, with several historical meanings. ...


On 25 May 1887, its administration was relinquished to the British East Africa Association (see Kenya). The sultan formally presented the town in 1898 to the British. It soon became the capital of the British East Africa Protectorate and is the sea terminal of the Uganda Railway, which was started in 1896. Many workers were brought in from British India to build the railway, and the city's fortunes revived. On 1 July 1895 it became part of Britain's Kenya protectorate (the coastal strip nominally under Zanzibari sovereignty). is the 145th day of the year (146th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The East Africa Protectorate was a British dependency extending from the Indian Ocean inland to Uganda. ... The Uganda Railway is a railway system linking the interiors of Uganda and Kenya to the Indian Ocean at Mombasa in Kenya. ... Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... Anthem God Save The Queen/King British India, circa 1860 Capital Calcutta (1858-1912), New Delhi (1912-1947) Language(s) Hindi, Urdu, English and many others Government Monarchy Emperor of India  - 1877-1901 Victoria  - 1901-1910 Edward VII  - 1910-1936 George V  - January-December 1936 Edward VIII  - 1936-1947 George... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... “Sovereign” redirects here. ...


Mombasa was part of the state of Zanzibar until 12 December 1963 when it was ceded to be incorporated into the newly independent state of Kenya. is the 346th day of the year (347th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Most broadly, cession (to cede) is the assignment of property to another entity. ...


On November 28, 2002, a suicide car bomb exploded at the Israeli-owned beachfront Paradise Hotel killing three Israelis and ten Kenyans. About 20 minutes earlier, an (unsuccessful) attempt was made to shoot down an Arkia Israel Airlines Boeing 757 chartered tourist plane taking off from nearby Moi International Airport using surface-to-air missiles; nobody was hurt on the plane, which landed safely in Tel Aviv. The main suspect for both attacks is al Qaeda (see Kenyan hotel bombing). is the 332nd day of the year (333rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Car bomb (disambiguation). ... Arkia Israeli Airlines (ארקיע, Hebrew: ) is an airline based in Tel Aviv, Israel. ... The Boeing 757 is an American short to medium range commercial passenger aircraft manufactured by Boeing Commercial Airplanes. ... Moi International Airport (IATA: MBA, ICAO: HKMO), also Mombasa Airport, serves the city of Mombasa, and is the second most important airport in Kenya after Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi. ... A surface-to-air missile (SAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. ... Tel-Aviv was founded on empty dunes north of the existing city of Jaffa. ... Map of major attacks attributed to al-Qaeda Al-Qaeda (also al-Qaida or al-Qaida or al-Qaidah) (Arabic: ‎ , translation: The Base) is an international alliance of terrorist organizations founded in 1988[4] by Osama bin Laden and other veteran Afghan Arabs after the Soviet War in... On November 28, 2002, the Kenyan hotel bombing took place. ...


Geography and climate

Being a coastal town, Mombasa is characterised by a flat topography. The town of Mombasa is centered on Mombasa island, but extends to the mainland. The island is separated from mainland by two creeks, Port Reitz in south and Tudor Creek in north. In United Kingdom usage, the term creek refers exclusively to a tidal water channel. ...


Mombasa has a warm, tropical climate. Winter months are slightly warmer than summer. The amount of rainfall depends essentially on season. The most rainy months are April and May, while in January to February the rainfall is minimal.[1] A noontime scene from the Philippines on a day when the Sun is almost directly overhead. ...


Economy

Mombasa's North Beach.
Mombasa's North Beach.

Mombasa is a major trade centre and home to Kenya's only large seaport, the Kilindini Harbour. "Kilindini" is an old Swahili term that means "deep". The port is so called because the channel is naturally very deep. Kilindini Harbor is an example of a natural geographic phenomenon called a ria, formed millions of years ago when the sea level rose and engulfed a river that was flowing from the mainland. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 496 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1175 × 1421 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 496 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1175 × 1421 pixel, file size: 1. ... Kilindini Harbour is a large, natural deep-water inlet extending inland from Mombasa, Kenya. ... Georges River, in the southern suburbs of Sydney (Australia) is a ria, or drowned river valley. ...


Mombasa is the centre of coastal tourism in Kenya. Mombasa island itself is not a main attraction, although many people visit Old Town and Fort Jesus. North of Mombasa island are Nyali, Kenyatta, Bamburi and Shanzu beaches. South of the town there are Shelly, Tiwi and Diani beaches. Several luxury hotels exist on these beaches, while most of cheaper beach hotels are located farther away from the town. Diani Beach is a major beach resort, lying on the Indian Ocean coast of Kenya, south of Mombasa. ...


Other local industries include an oil refinery and the Bamburi Cement factory. View of Shell Oil Refinery in Martinez, California. ... Bamburi Cement is one of sub-saharan Africas largest cement producers. ...


Transportation

The airport of the city is the Moi International Airport. Mombasa has a railway station and Kenya Railways runs overnight passenger trains from Mombasa to Nairobi, though the service is less extensive than it used to be. Highways connect Mombasa to capital Nairobi, former Tanzanian capital Dar es Salaam while northward road link to Malindi and Lamu. Within Mombasa, most local people use Matatus (minibuses) to move between villages and Mombasa Island. Mombasa port is the largest in Kenya but there is little or no scheduled passenger service. International cruise ships frequent the port. Moi International Airport (IATA: MBA, ICAO: HKMO), also Mombasa Airport, serves the city of Mombasa, and is the second most important airport in Kenya after Jomo Kenyatta International Airport in Nairobi. ... Kenya Railways Corporation (KRC), also Kenya Railways (KR) is the national railway of Kenya. ... Dar es Salaam (دار السلام), formerly Mzizima, is the largest city (pop. ... Malindi is a city in Kenya that has been a Swahili settlement since the 14th century. ... Lamu town is the largest town on Lamu Island, which in turn is a part of the Lamu Archipelago in Kenya, (coordinates ). Lamu town is also the headquarters of Lamu District. ...


There is no bridge between Mombasa Island and south coast, instead the distance is served by ferries from Kilindini and Mtongwe to Likoni in south coast. Operating ferries are aged. In 1994 a ferry serving Mtongwe route sunk, leaving 270 people perished.[2] The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ...


Culture

Music

Taarab music, which originates from Zanzibar, has a prominent local presence. Recently, hip hop has become a popular, especially among the youth. There are also some pop bands who perform in hotels, making music aimed mainly for tourists by mixing African and western sounds. Taarab is a kind of East African music, most popular in Tanzania and Kenya. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070...


Sports

Kenyan Premier League has currently one football team from Mombasa, Coast Stars, who play at the Mombasa Municipal Stadium. The only Mombasa-based team to win the league is Feisal FC, the 1965 champions. The Kenyan Premier League is the top division of the Kenya Football Federation, it was created in 1963. ... A player (wearing the red kit) has penetrated the defence (in the white kit) and is taking a shot at goal. ... Coast Stars is an Kenyan football club based in Mombasa. ... Municipal Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Mombasa, Kenya. ...


There are several cricket teams in Mombasa. One of them is Mombasa Sports Club (MSC), whose ground was given ODI status in 2006. MSC has also a rugby union team playing in the Kenya Cup league, the premier rugby competition in Kenya. One-day International (ODI) is a form of cricket, which is played over 50 overs per side between two national cricket teams. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Kenya Cup is the premier rugby union competition in Kenya. ...


The 2007 World Cross Country Championships were held in Mombasa. The 35th IAAF World Cross Country Championships will be held in the Mombasa, Kenya on 24th March, 2007. ...


Townships/Areas

Mombasa Island

Kizingo: Considered the prime residential area of Mombasa. The State House & Mombasa Golf Club are in Kizingo. The Aga Khan Academy is an independent school in Kizingo.


Kibokoni: Part of Old Town with Swahili architecture. Fort Jesus is in Kibokoni.


Makadara: Part of Old Town consisting of a high number of descendants of Baluchi soldiers who settled within this area before it developed into a town. The name is derived from the Arabic word Qadr-ur-Rahman meaning fate of God. When referring to central asian peoples, Baluchi is an alernative spalling of Balochi (qv). ...


Ganjoni: Primarily residential. Middle class.


Tudor: Another middle class residential area with homes and a shop.


Outside Mombasa Island

Nyali: Also considered a prime and up-market residential area, it is on the mainland north of the island & is linked by the Nyali bridge. It has numerous beachfront hotels in the area known as the "North Coast". Nyali has two distinct sections - the posh Old Nyali and the upcoming New Nyali. For many residents, Nyali has now become a self-contained residential area, with a multiplex cinema, shopping malls, banks, schools and post offices. This often eliminates the need for residents to cross the bridge and to go into the congested Mombasa city centre. Nyali is home for the Nyali Cinemax complex, the Nyali Golf Club, and some of the most prestigious academic institutions of the Coast Province, examples of which include Oshwal Academy and the Mombasa Academy (both fully-fledged primary and secondary schools) and Tiny Tots Kindergarten (Nyali's oldest and prominent educational institution specialising in early childhood development and education).


Mikindani: is an outlying township 10 minutes northwest of Mombasa Island, situated on the Nairobi road. This fringe community lacks any effective electricity, water or sewer systems, with a general lack of infrastructure. Poverty, lack of sanitation, and unemployment continue to be the greatest issues for the Mikindani Township, which have ensured low health and safety standards for its residents. Poor, lower class housing is widespread, ranging from simple stone, two storey structures to mud and earth homes fitted with corrugated iron roofs. Much of the community works outside of the township, within Mombasa Island itself as there is a lack of employment and industry. There are number of small health clinics, shops, and a few public primary schools: Nazarene primary is one school, which is known in particular as being staffed by a revolving volunteer teacher base from Western, and predominately English speaking nations.


Magongo: Small town that serves as a link between the city and Moi International Airport. Magongo is also home to the Akamba Handicraft Cooperative.


Changamwe: Industrial


Bamburi: also an outlying township (fifteen minutes drive) on the way to the town of Malindi. This is area where a cement factory Bamburi is located. Other notable features in the area are Mijikenda public beach and Haller Park, a wildlife conservatory.


Diani Beach A tourist area over the Likoni Ferry on the South Coast of Mombassa about 1 hour from the airport. This area has numerous hotels and resorts catering for a wide diversity of tastes. Most of the hotels provide a wide choice or activities from daily animation team games to deep sea fishing and scuba diving. From this location day trips to Mombassa, Nature reserves and a wide variety of both natural and cultural interest are easliy accessible. Along this coast you will also find a selection of small shopping malls offering high quality goods at reasonable prices.

Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Seattle redirects here. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nickname: Sheltered Bay Official website: http://www. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ...

Video Games

  • A futuristic version of the city is featured in the Halo Universe, most namely, Halo 2 and Halo 3. The city features a large port as it does in real life, and contains several dozen skyscrapers, a space elevator and at least one large suspension bridge. The city was divided in two sections, Old Mombasa and New Mombasa, separated by the large bridge seen in game. The city was almost totally destroyed in the plot of Halo 2, but is a significant locale in its sequel, Halo 3.

Halo is video game series created by Bungie Studios. ... This article is about the video game. ... For the Nine Inch Nails release, see Head Like a Hole. ...

See also

Ngomongo Villages Ngomongo Villages is a well-known sustainable eco-cultural tourist village located in Mombasa, Kenya. ...


References

  1. ^ World Weather Information Service: Weather Information for Mombasa
  2. ^ Francis Thoya, "The restless ghosts of Mtongwe", Wednesday magazine, November 19, 2003.
  3. ^ Online Directory: Kenya, Africa, Sister Cities International

is the 323rd day of the year (324th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Mombasa

Coordinates: 4°03′S, 39°40′E Portugal was the leading country in the European exploration of the world in the 15th century. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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Extensive Information On Mombasa - Kenya's Coastal City (363 words)
The coastal city of Mombasa is one of Africa's major tourist destinations, with some of the best beaches in the world.
Mombasa's history dates back to the 16th century, and it has been ruled by the Portuguese, Arabs and British-which have all influenced the town's culture and the attractions that still exist including historical ruins such as Fort Jesus and the Old Town.
Mombasa's beaches offer a host of activities for kids and adults alike such as deep-sea fishing and water sports.
Mombasa: Weather and Much More from Answers.com (2411 words)
Mombasa was the capital of the British East Africa Protectorate from 1887 to 1907.
Mombasa was part of the state of Zanzibar until 12 Dec 1963 when it was ceded to be incorporated into the newly independent state of Kenya.
Mombasa has a railway station and Kenya Railways runs overnight passenger trains to Mombasa, though the service is less extensive than it used to be.
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