The molecular mass of a substance (less accurately called molecular weight and abbreviated as MW) is the mass of one molecule of that substance, relative to the unified atomic mass unit u (equal to 1/12 the mass of one atom of carbon-12).
The molecular mass can be calculated as the sum of the atomic masses of all the atoms of any one molecule.
The molar mass of a substance is numerically equal to the molecular mass, but expressed in mass units per mole (e.g. grams per mole)
For example: the atomic mass of hydrogen is 1.00784 u and that of oxygen is 15.9994 u; therefore, the molecular mass of water with formula H2O is (2 × 1.00784 u) + 15.9994 u = 18.01508 u. Therefore, one molecule of water weighs 18.01508 u, and one mole of water weighs 18.01508 grams.
Molecular mass or molar mass are used in stoichiometry calculations.
Since molecules are created by chemical reactions, not nuclear reactions, a molecule's molecular mass exactly equals the sum of the atomic masses of its constituent atoms.
Learning by Simulations (http://www.vias.org/simulations/simusoft_molform.html) Calculation of Molecular Formulas from Molecular Masses
Categories: Chemistry stubs | Physical quantity | Chemical properties
The molecularweight may be calculated from the molecular formula of the substance; it is the sum of the atomic weights of the atoms making up the molecule.
Molecularweights of substances may be determined experimentally in various ways, the method employed usually depending on the state (solid, liquid, or gas) of the substance.
The molecularweights of substances that are not normally gaseous and do not evaporate without decomposition are sometimes determined from their effects on the melting point, boiling point, vapor pressure, or osmotic pressure of some solvent (see colligative properties).
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