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Encyclopedia > Moldovan SSR
Република Советикэ
Сочиалистэ Молдовеняскэ
(In Detail) (In Detail)
State motto:
Пролетарь дин тоате цэриле, униць-вэ!
Image:SovietUnionMoldova.png
Official language None.
(According to the constitution, all languages were equal. However, Russian was supposed to be the language of international communication, thus putting Moldavian at a disadvantage.)
Capital Chişinău
Chairman of the Supreme Council Mircea Ion Snegur (at independence)
Established
In the USSR:
 - Since
 - Until
October 12, 1924

October 12, 1924
August 27, 1991
Area
 – Total
 – % water
Ranked 14th in former Soviet Union
 33,843 km²
 —
Population
 – Total
 – Density
Ranked 9th in former Soviet Union
 4,337,600 (1989)
 128.2/km²
Currency Ruble (рублэ)
Time zone UTC +3
Anthem Anthem of Moldavian SSR

The Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (Moldovan Cyrillic: Република Советикэ Сочиалистэ Молдовеняскэ, Romanian: Republica Sovietică Socialistă Moldovenească, Russian: Молда́вская Сове́тская Социалисти́ческая Респу́блика) was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union from 1940 to 1941 and from 1945 to 1990. Flag of the Moldovian SSR. Created in Corel Draw by Michael Reeve, 15 May 2004. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Flag of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic This flag was adopted by the Moldavian SSR on January 31, 1952. ... The USSR State motto is a quotation from Karl Marxs and Friedrich Engels Communist Manifesto, meaning Workers of the world, unite!. It appeared in the language of the Soviet Republics in the USSR Coat of arms, by the reverse order they were mentioned on the Constitution of the USSR... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The history of the Moldovan language refers to the history of the Moldovan language, the name sometimes used for the Romanian language in the historical and political regions of Moldova and Transnistria. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Chişinău. ... Mircea Ion Snegur (b. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (240th in leap years), with 126 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... -1... Constitutional order The order they were mentioned in the Constitution of the USSR; also the order in which the motto appeared in the USSR Coat of Arms. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Density (symbol: ρ - Greek: rho) is a measure of mass per unit of volume. ... Constitutional order The order they were mentioned in the Constitution of the USSR; also the order in which the motto appeared in the USSR Coat of Arms. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1997 Russian Federation one rouble coin, obverse and reverse 1898 Russian Empire one rouble bill, obverse 1898 Russian Empire one rouble bill, reverse The ruble or rouble (Russian рубль; see note on spelling below) is the name of the currencies of the Russian Federation and Belarus (and formerly, of the Soviet... Time zones are areas of the Earth that have adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Coordinated Universal Time or UTC, also sometimes referred to as Zulu time or Z, is an atomic realization of Universal Time (UT) or Greenwich Mean Time, the astronomical basis for civil time. ... The Anthem of the Moldavian SSR was the national anthem of Moldova when it was an union republic in the USSR, used from 1945 to 1991. ... The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about the year. ...

Contents


History

Previously, on October 12, 1924 the Soviet Union set up an autonomous Moldavian ASSR as a part of the Ukrainian SSR between Dniester and Bug rivers, and it gave many rights to the Romanian minority there, possibly to encourage a dissent of the Romanian Moldavians. October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1924 (MCMXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Moldavian ASSR (Moldavian Autonomous Soviet Republic; Romanian: Republica Autonomă Socialistă Sovietică Moldovenească) was an autonomous region of the Ukrainian SSR between 12 October 1924 and 2 August 1940, encompassing Transnistria (now in Moldova) and parts which are now in Ukraine. ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ... Length 1350 km Elevation of the source -  m Average discharge -  m³/s Area watershed 62,000  km² Origin  Ukraine Mouth  Black Sea Basin countries Ukraine, Moldova The river Dniester (Polish: Dniestr, Ukrainian: Дністер, Romanian: Nistru, Russian: Днестр, Latin: Tyras) is a river in Eastern Europe. ... Bug (pronunciation Boog) is the name of two rivers in Europe: Western Bug Southern Bug See also Bug - other kinds of bugs This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact between Soviet Union and Hitler's Reich brought the teritories of Romania situated east of Prut into the Soviet Union in the summer of 1940, and a new Moldavian SSR was reorganised between Dniestern and Prut rivers, the old Moldavian ASSR being dismantled, save the area of Transnistria which was assigned to the new Moldavian SSR. The date of the transformation of Moldavian ASSR into Moldavian SSR and its split from the Ukrainian SSR to become a separate republic of the USSR was August 2, 1940. The Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact, also known as the Hitler-Stalin Pact or Ribbentrop-Molotov Pact or Nazi-Soviet Pact and formally known as the Treaty of Nonaggression between Germany and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, was in theory a non-aggression treaty between the German Third Reich and the... The Prut river (also known as Pruth) is 950 km long, originating in the Carpathian Mountains in Ukraine and flowing southeast to join the Danube river near Reni, east of Galaţi. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ... Motto: none Anthem: Anthem of Transnistria Capital Tiraspol Largest city Tiraspol Official languages Moldovan, Russian and Ukrainian Government President Parliamentary Republic Igor Smirnov Recognition Independence Recognition From Moldova none September 2, 1990 none Area  â€¢ Water (%) 3,567 km²  N/A% Population 555,500 (2004 est). ... State motto: Пролетарі всіх країн, єднайтеся! Official language None. ... August 2 is the 214th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (215th in leap years), with 151 days remaining. ... 1940 (MCMXL) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Romania joined Hitler's Reich in the summer of 1941 and took part in the Nazi occupation of the Soviet Union. By the end of World War II the Soviet Union recovered Eastern Moldavia and reorganised it again as Moldavian SSR. For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Combatants Allied Powers Axis Powers Commanders {{{commander1}}} {{{commander2}}} Strength {{{strength1}}} {{{strength2}}} Casualties 17 million military deaths 7 million military deaths {{{notes}}} World War II, also known as the Second World War (sometimes WW2 or WWII or World War Two), was a mid-20th century conflict that engulfed much of the...


The republic's name was changed to the Republic of Moldova on May 23, 1991, and it declared independence after the attempted coup in the Soviet Union, exiting from the USSR on August 27, 1991. After an initial desire to unify with Romania, a civil war began in Transnistria in 1992 and since, the Moldovan government has no control of this region. May 23 is the 143rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (144th in leap years). ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The rise of Gorbachev Although reform stalled between 1964–1982, the generational shift gave new momentum for reform. ... August 27 is the 239th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (240th in leap years), with 126 days remaining. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ...


Culture

Much of the pre-WWII elite of Moldova (the "intellectuals" and the "bourgeoisie"), as well as hundreds of thousands of ordinary people were killed or deported, especially to Siberia and to the Asian steppes such as those of Kazakhstan (in 1940 and then massively in 1949). (even nowadays, there are tens of thousands of Romanians living there). A large influx of Ukrainians and Russians after the second world war created a 13% Russian-speaking minority in Moldova. An intellectual is a person who uses his or her intellect to study, reflect, or speculate on a variety of different ideas. ... Bourgeoisie (RP [], GA []) in modern use refers to the wealthy or propertied social class in a capitalist society. ... Siberia Siberia (Russian: , common English transliterations: Sibir’, Sibir; from the Tatar for “sleeping land”) is a vast region of Russia and northern Kazakhstan constituting almost all of northern Asia. ...


Romanians of Moldova were encouraged to adopt the Russian language, which was required in order to get a public function (Russian was supposed to be the language of international communication). Political and academic positions were given to members of non-Romanian ethnic groups (only 14 percent of the Moldavian SSR's political leaders were ethnic Romanians in 1946), although this changed as time went on. Russian (Russian: русский язык, russkiy yazyk, ▶ (help· info)) is the most widely spoken language of Europe and the most widespread of the Slavic languages. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ...

Main article: Moldova

The USSR government encouraged the developing of a "Moldavian culture", said to be distinct from the Romanian one, as well as a Moldavian language, which was claimed to be different from Romanian (although even the Soviet linguists disagreed with this). Literary critics stressed the Russian influence of Moldovan literature and ignore the parts shared with Romanian literature. The Moldovan language (Limba moldovenească, ISO 639 codes: mol, mo; Ethnologue code: none), the official language of Moldova, is generally considered to be the Romanian language renamed due to political reasons, in an attempt to fight what the Moldovan government calls Romanian expansionism. It is spoken by about 3. ...


In order to emphasize the alleged differences and to break ties with Romania, Romanian language (officially named Moldavian) was written with the Cyrillic alphabet. Names of some towns and villages were changed to more Slavic-sounding or named them after various Communist leaders. The Cyrillic alphabet (or azbuka, from the old name of the first two letters) is an alphabet used to write six natural Slavic languages (Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, and Ukrainian) and many other languages of the former Soviet Union, Asia and Eastern Europe. ...


Soviet propaganda included the doctrine that the Romanians oppressed the Moldavian people before World War II and that they were liberated by the Soviets.


Demographics

Ethnicities (1989 est.):

Jews (Hebrew: יהודים translit. ... The Gagauz are a Turkic people minority of southern Moldova (in Gagauzia) and of southwestern Ukraine (in Budjak) that numbers around 250,000. ...

Economy

Although it was the most densely populated republic of the USSR, the Moldavian SSR was meant to be specialized in agriculture, notably fruit production. The only region of Moldova in which industry was built was Transnistria, which in 1990 accounted for 40% of Moldavian GDP and 90% of its electricity production.


 
 

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