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Encyclopedia > Mohegan

The Mohegan tribe is an Algonquian-speaking tribe living in eastern (upper Thames valley) Connecticut [1] that was jointly ruled by the Pequot tribe until 1637.[1] The tribe gained federal recognition in 1994. The Algonquian (also Algonkian) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (others are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California). ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... The Pequot are a tribal nation of Native Americans who, in the 17th century, inhabited much of what is now Connecticut. ... Events February 3 - Tulipmania collapses in Netherlands by government order February 15 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor December 17 - Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan Pierre de Fermat makes a marginal claim to have proof of what would become known as Fermats last theorem. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ...

Contents

Synonymy

Although similar in name, the Mohegans are not identical with the Mahicans, the Native American tribe who have moved mostly to northeastern Wisconsin, U.S., [2] [3] but who came from the Hudson River Valley (around Albany, NY), many then moving to Stockbridge, Massachusetts after 1780, before the remaining descendants moved to Wisconsin during the 1820s and 1830s.Both tribes have been referred to as Mohicans, a source of confusion based on a mistake in translation[4] Adriaen Block who was the one of the first Europeans to refer to both tribes, distinguished between the "Morhicans" and the "Mahicans, Mahikanders, Mohicans,(or) Maikens".[4] The Mohegan tribe, in contrast to the Mahikans, has remained in New England, but some of the Mohegan tribe scattered[3] (and many moved near the Mahican tribe in New York, also going to Wisconsin). [5] However, many descendants of the Mohegan tribe have remained in Connecticut.[3] Mahicans settled the Hudson River south of the Mohawk River, moved east to Massachusetts, then to Wisconsin. ... Native Americans in the United States are the indigenous peoples from the regions of North America now encompassed by the continental United States, including parts of Alaska. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42° 30′ N to 47° 05′ N  - Longitude 86° 46′ W to 92° 53′ W Population  Ranked... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Image of the Hudson River taken by NASA. View of the Hudson River in 1880s showing Jersey City View of the Hudson River from Battery Park, New York The Goldman Sachs Tower looms above the skyline of downtown Jersey City, New Jersey, overlooking the Hudson River. ... New York State Capitol Building, completed in 1899 at a cost of $25 million was the most expensive government building of its time. ... Stockbridge is a town in Berkshire County in Western Massachusetts. ... 1780 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Nationalistic independence helped reshape the world during this decade: Greece gains independence from the Ottoman Empire in the Greek War of Independence (1821-1827). ... // Electromagnetic induction discovered by Michael Faraday Evolutionary theorist Charles Darwins expedition on the HMS Beagle. ... Blocks map of his 1614 voyage, with the first appearance of the term New Netherland Adriaen Block (1567–1627) was a Dutch private fur trader and navigator who explored the coastal and river valley areas between present-day New Jersey and Massachusetts during four voyages from 1611 to 1614... The Mohicans were, during the 16th century and the beginning of the 17th century, a functional confederation of several branches of Native Americans. ... Mahicans settled the Hudson River south of the Mohawk River, moved east to Massachusetts, then to Wisconsin. ... “NY” redirects here. ...


History

The Mohegan tribe was an Algonquian-speaking tribe who had originally occupied much of the upper Thames valley in the U.S. state of Connecticut.[3] Later, the Mohegans seized land from the other tribes in the areas of Rhode Island and Massachusetts. The Mohegan tribal economy was based on farming of corn (maize), hunting, and also fishing.[3] The Algonquian (also Algonkian) languages are a subfamily of Native American languages that includes most of the languages in the Algic language family (others are Wiyot and Yurok of northwestern California). ... For other uses, see United States (disambiguation) and US (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport Largest metro area Hartford Area  Ranked 48th  - Total 5,543[2] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... “RI” redirects here. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Early in the 17th century, during the initial European settlement of New England, both the Mohegan and the Pequot tribes together had been ruled jointly by the Pequot sachem, Sassacus.[3] Later, a rebellion led by the sub-sachem, Uncas, garnered Mohegan independence.[3] (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... The Pequot are a tribal nation of Native Americans who, in the 17th century, inhabited much of what is now Connecticut. ... A sagamore is the head of a Native American tribe. ... SASSACUS, Pequot chief, born near Oroton, Connecticut, about 1560 died in the Mohawk settlement in June, 1637. ...


Following the destruction of the Pequot tribe during the Pequot War of 1637, the majority of the Pequot survivors plus the former Pequot territories entered Mohegan control.[3] New sachem Uncas had strengthened his position by making an alliance with the English colonists; and, at the end of King Philip's War against the English colonists, the Mohegan tribe was the only important tribe remaining in southern New England.[3] The Pequot War was an armed conflict in 1637 between an alliance of Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth colonies, with American Indian allies (the Narragansett, and Mohegan Indians), against the Pequot Indians. ... Events February 3 - Tulipmania collapses in Netherlands by government order February 15 - Ferdinand III becomes Holy Roman Emperor December 17 - Shimabara Rebellion erupts in Japan Pierre de Fermat makes a marginal claim to have proof of what would become known as Fermats last theorem. ... Uncas (c. ... Metacomet (died August 12, 1676), also known as King Philip or Metacom, was a war chief or sachem of the Wampanoag Indians and their leader in King Philips War. ...


European settlements eventually displaced the Mohegan, and their numbers shrank. Many of the Mohegan tribe scattered, joining into other nearby Indian settlements. A number of descendants of mixed ancestry remain in the region of Norwich, Connecticut.[3] The Mohegan people reorganized as a tribe, gaining federal recognition in 1994.[5] This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ...


Currently, the Mohegan tribe operates and owns the Mohegan Sun Resort and Casino and the Mohegan Sun Arena on the tribe's reservation in the village of Uncasville, in the town of Montville, Connecticut. The Mohegan Sun Resort and Casino located in the village of Uncasville in the town of Montville, Connecticut, U.S., is the worlds second largest casino. ... The Mohegan Sun Arena is a 10,000 seat multi-purpose arena in Uncasville, Connecticut. ... Montville is a town in New London County, Connecticut, United States. ...


See also

  • Mahican - tribe with similar name.

Mahicans settled the Hudson River south of the Mohawk River, moved east to Massachusetts, then to Wisconsin. ...

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Mohegan" (history), Encyclopædia Britannica, 2007, webpage: EB-Mohegan.
  2. ^ "Mohican" (history), Encyclopædia Britannica, 2007, webpage: EB-Mohicans.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Mahican" (history), Encyclopædia Britannica, 2007, webpage: EB-Mahican.
  4. ^ a b William C. Sturtevant General Editor), Bruce G. Trigger (Volume Editor). Handbook of North American Indians, Volume 15, Northeast. Smithsonian Institution, Washington (1978). 
  5. ^ a b "Mohegan History" (detailed), Lee Sultzman, 1997-07-14, webpage: DS-Moh.

The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ...

References

  • Brasser, T. J. (1978). Mahican. In B. G. Trigger (Ed.), Northeast (pp. 198-212). Handbook of North American Indian languages (Vol. 15). Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution.
  • Campbell, Lyle. (1997). American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
  • Campbell, Lyle; & Mithun, Marianne (Eds.). (1979). The languages of native America: Historical and comparative assessment. Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-74624-5.
  • Campbell, Lyle; & Mithun, Marianne. (1979). Introduction: North American Indian historical linguistics in current perspective. In L. Campbell & M. Mithun (Eds.), The languages of native America: Historical and comparative assessment (pp. 3-69). Austin: University of Texas Press.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Scuba Diving: Falmouth Shipwrecks: Mohegan: Submerged Productions (0 words)
The Mohegan, originally built as the Cleopatra by Earles of Hull, was a vessel of some 7000 tons.
So when the Mohegans completion was held up by a strike, the builders had to skimp on her specifications and rush her through to avoid the crippling penalty clauses for non-delivery.
By then the Mohegans fate was almost sealed, because she was already steaming on a compass course that was hopelessly incorrect.
Mohegan Tribe Homepage (0 words)
The Mohegan Tribe and the Sturges family are saddened to announce that Chief Ralph W. Sturges passed away on October 1, 2007 at the age of 88.
On Thursday, May 17, 2007, Mohegan Tribal Chairman Bruce “Two Dogs” Bozsum and members of the Mohegan Tribal Council presented Mayor Joseph Jaskiewicz and members of the Montville Town Council with a check for $250,000 in recognition of the shared history and close relationship between the Tribe and the Town.
The Mohegan Tribe uses fuel cells to generate electricity on the Mohegan Reservation.
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