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Encyclopedia > Mohammed ibn Alhamar

Mohammed ibn Alhamar (also ibn Nasr) was a Nasrid ruler of Granada in Iberia and founder of the last Muslim dynasty in Spain in 1238. The Nasrid dynasty was the last Muslim dynasty in Spain, founded by Muhammed I ibn Alhamar and lasting until Boabdil surrendered to the Christian Spanish kingdom. The Nasrids constructed the Alhambra palaces. The Nasrid dynasty was the last Muslim dynasty in Spain, founded by Mohammed ben Nasar. ... Granada is a city and the capital of the province of Granada, in the community of Andalusia, Spain. ... The Capitulation of Granada by F. Padilla: Boabdil confronts Ferdinand and Isabella Boabdil (a corruption of the name Abu Abdullah, or, in full, Abu abd Allah Muhammad Xi) (1460?-1527) was the last Moorish king of Granada (of the Nasrid dynasty). ... A Christian is a follower of Jesus Christ. ... The Alhambra The Alhambra (Red Castle) (in Arabic الحمراء) is an ancient palace and fortress complex of the Moorish monarchs of Granada, in southern Spain (known as Al-Andalus when the fortress was constructed), occupying a hilly terrace on the south-eastern border of the city of Granada. ...

In 1212 a united army of Spanish and European soldiers utterly destroyed the Almohad army at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa, an event which marked the beginning of the end of the Muslim occupation of Spain. The Almohad Dynasty (From Arabic الموحدون al-Muwahhidun, i. ... The July 16, 1212 battle of Las Navas de Tolosa is considered a major turning point in the history of Medieval Iberia. ...

Ferdinand III of Castile ('the saint') captured Cordoba in 1236. The ruler of Granada, Mohammed ibn Alhamar, saw what was happening and approached Fernando to propose that in return for cooperating in the conquest of Muslim Seville, Granada would be granted independence as a subject of Castile. Fernando agreed and took Seville. On returning to Granada, the embarrassed ibn-Alhamar announced "there is no victor but Allah" which can be seen inscribed all over the Alhambra palace. Nevertheless the Mohammed ibn Alhamar continued to pay the required tribute to the Chrisian monarch Ferdinand III of Castile in exchange for the independance of Granada. Ferdinand III, the Saint, (1198/1199 - May 30, 1252) was a king of Castile (1217 - 1252) and Leon (1230 - 1252). ... Córdoba most commonly means Córdoba, Spain, a famous city in Spain inhabited since the time of ancient Rome, and the seat of the Emir of Córdoba and the Caliph of Córdoba. ... Ferdinand III, the Saint, (1198/1199 - May 30, 1252) was a king of Castile (1217 - 1252) and Leon (1230 - 1252). ...


  • A History of Islamic Spain by W. Montgomery Watt; Edinburgh University Press, 1965 (Chapter 10 THE LAST OF ISLAMIC SPAIN 1. The Nasrids of Granada)



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