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Encyclopedia > Mohair

Mohair usually refers to a silk-like fabric or yarn made from the hair of the docile Angora goat. The word "Mohair" was adopted into English before 1570 from the Arabic mukhayyar, a type of haircloth, literally 'choice', from khayyara, 'he chose'. Mohair is a British rock band from Watford, England that formed in 2000 and split on August 31st 2007 via a bulletin posted on their MySpace. ... For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Textile (disambiguation). ... Yarn Spools of thread Yarn is a long continuous length of interlocked fibers, suitable for use in the production of textiles, sewing, crocheting, knitting, weaving, embroidery and ropemaking. ... For the 1968 stage production, see Hair (musical), for the 1979 film, see Hair (film). ... The angora goat is a goat from the Angora region in Asia Minor, near present-day Ankara. ... Events January 23 - The assassination of regent James Stewart, Earl of Moray throws Scotland into civil war February 25 - Pope Pius V excommunicates Queen Elizabeth I of England with the bull Regnans in Excelsis May 20 - Abraham Ortelius issues the first modern atlas. ... Arabic redirects here. ...

Contents

Production

Mohair is shorn from the goat without harming the animal. Shearing is done twice a year, in the spring and in the fall. The Angora billy goats are well groomed and brushed regularly in order to ensure the finest product. One goat will produce 11 to 17 pounds of mohair a year. Shearing is done on a clean swept floor with extra care taken to keep the hair clean and free of debris. The hair is then processed to remove natural grease, dirt and vegetable matter. Mohair grows in uniform locks. Mohair is often dehaired to separate the coarse hair from the down hair. Shear is a form of structural failure. ...


Mohair should not be confused with the fur from the angora rabbit, which is called angora. The Angora rabbit is a variety of domestic rabbit bred for its long, soft hair. ... Angora wool or Angora fiber refers to the downy coat produced by the Angora rabbit. ...


Producers

The angora goat is thought to originate from the mountains of Tibet making their way to Turkey in the 16th century. Until 1849 the Turkish province of Ankarra was the sole producer of Angora goats. Charles V is believed to be the first to bring Angora goats to Europe. In 1849 Angora goats made their way to America as a gift from Turkey. Today South Africa and the United States are the largest mohair producers, with the majority of Amerian mohair being produced in Texas. This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ...


Properties

Mohair is composed mostly of keratin a protein found in the hair, wool, horns and skin of all mammals. Mohair is one of the oldest textile fibers in use. It is both durable and resilient. It is notable for its high luster and sheen, and is often used in fiber blends to add these qualities to a textile. Mohair also takes dye exceptionally well. Mohair has great insulating properties, making it warm. It is also durable, moisture-wicking, stretch and flame resistant, and crease resistant. Mohair increases its diameter with the age of the goat, growing along with the animal. This means fine hair from younger animals is used for finer applications such as clothing, and the thicker hair from older animals is more often used for carpets and heavy fabrics intended for outerwear. Not to be confused with kerogen or carotene. ...


Uses

Mohair is used in scarves, suits, sweaters, coats, socks and home furnishing. Mohair fiber is also found in carpets, wall fabrics, craft yarns, and many other fabrics, and may be used as a substitute for fur. Because its texture resembles fine human hair, mohair is often used in making high grade doll wigs or in rooting customised dolls. For other uses, see Doll (disambiguation). ... This article needs cleanup. ...


Mohair is also used in 'climbing skins' for randonnee skiing. The mohair is used in a carpet allowing the skier an appropriate ascension method without sliding downhill. Ski mountaineering is a sport that combines the techniques of skiing (often ski touring) with those of mountaineering. ...


Misc Mohair

During World War II, U.S. soldiers wore uniforms made of wool. Worried that domestic producers could not supply enough for future wars, Congress enacted loan and price support programs for wool and mohair in 1954. Despite these programs, wool and mohair production declined. Nevertheless, the U.S. government continued to provide subsidies to mohair producers until 1994. As of 2002, mohair producers were still able to receive special assistance loans from the U.S. Government.


The term mohair is sometimes used to describe a type of material used for the folding roof on convertible cars. In this instance, mohair refers to a form of denim-like canvas. Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American 1981 AMC Eagle 4-WD convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible security A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... This article is about the material denim. ... Look up Canvas in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


In Poland, mohair berets, which are particularly popular with elderly women, have become a symbol of bigotry and are usually associated with the ultra-Catholic Radio Maryja. The army of mohair berets Mohair berets (Polish: ), or the army of mohair berets (Polish: ) is a common term used in present-day Poland as an epithet against a major section of listeners of the ultra-Catholic Radio Maryja. ... A bigot is a prejudiced person who is intolerant of opinions, lifestyles, or identities differing from his or her own. ... Signs such as this one in Łagów are a common sight in rural Poland, indicating the local frequency of the station. ...


Trademarks

Camdeboo (regional cooperative) Mohair Australia Le Mohair de Fermes de France (finished goods) Mohair council of America


External links

  • http://www.mohair.co.za

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mohair - LoveToKnow 1911 (841 words)
MOHAIR, the hair of a variety of goat originally inhabiting the regions of Asiatic Turkey of which Angora is the centre, whence the animal is known as the Angora goat.
The growing demand for mohair further resulted in attempts on a commercial scale to introduce the goat into South Africa - where it was crossed with the native goat - the United States, Australia, and later still New Zealand.
The manufacture of fabrics from mohair - as in the case of alpaca and cashmere - was in the first instance due to the genius of the rearers of the goat.
Mohair - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (334 words)
Mohair is one of the oldest textile fibers in use.
Mohair increases its diameter with the age of the goat, growing along with the animal.
Mohair should not be confused with the fur from the angora rabbit, which is called angora.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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