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Encyclopedia > Modern dance
Modern dance is often performed in bare feet.
Modern dance is often performed in bare feet.


In the early 1900s a few dancers in Europe started to rebel against the rigid constraints of Classical Ballet. Shedding classical ballet technique, costume and shoes these early modern dance pioneers practiced free dance. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (1203 × 800 pixel, file size: 364 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, William Gauderman give permission for Andrew Parodi to use the pictures taken on 7-24-07 by myself, for any type of use he... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (1203 × 800 pixel, file size: 364 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, William Gauderman give permission for Andrew Parodi to use the pictures taken on 7-24-07 by myself, for any type of use he... // Public flight demonstration of an airplane by Alberto Santos-Dumont in Paris, November 12, 1906. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Ballet (disambiguation). ... Free dance is a 20th century dance form that preceded Modern dance. ...


In America Loie Fuller, Isadora Duncan, Ruth St. Denis, Doris Humphrey and Martha Graham developed their own styles of free dance and laid the foundations of American modern dance with their choreography and teaching. Isadora Duncan Main articles: Dance in the United States and Modern dance Closely related to the development of American music in the early 20th century was the emergence of a new, and distinctively American, art form -- modern dance. ... Loie Fuller (Marie Louise Fuller) (January 15, 1862 to January 1, 1928) was a pioneer of both modern dance and theatrical lighting techniques. ... Isadora Duncan Isadora Duncan (May 27, 1877 – September 14, 1927) was an American dancer. ... Ruth St. ... Doris Batcheller Humphrey (October 17, 1895 - December 29, 1958) was a famous dancer of the early twentieth century. ... For the supercentenarian, see Martha Graham (supercentenarian). ... Free dance is a 20th century dance form that preceded Modern dance. ...


In Europe Francois Delsarte, Émile Jaques-Dalcroze and Rudolf von Laban developed theories of human movement and expression, and methods of instruction that led to the development of European modern and Expressionist dance. Their theories and techniques spread well beyond Europe to influence the development of modern dance and theatre via their students and disciples, and subsequent generations of teachers and performers carried these theories and methods to Russia, the United States and Canada, the UK, Australia and New Zealand. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... François Alexandre Nicolas Chéri Delsarte (November 11, 1811, Solesmes—July 20, 1871, Paris) was a French-American musician, born in Solesmes, France. ... Émile Jaques-Dalcroze (July 6, 1865 – July 1, 1950), was a Swiss musician and music educator who developed eurhythmics, a method of learning and experiencing music through movement. ... Rudolf (Jean-Baptiste Attila) Laban, also known as Rudolf von Laban (December 15, 1879, Preßburg/Poszony, Austria-Hungary (today Bratislava, Slovakia) - July 1, 1958, Weybridge, England) was a notable central European dancer and dance theorist. ... Expressionist dance is a European dance form related to the German expressionist movement. ...


Typically, Modern Dance has now been categorised further. In Europe in particular, early modern dance or free movement dance is now classified as Contemporary Dance, a genre that encompasses the work of Rudolf Laban, Merce Cunningham, Martha Graham . Whilst those studying Contemporary Dance learn a technical subject as for anything else, the choreography seen in performance is very diverse and generally can not be recognised as any specific dance style, although other dance styles can often influence much of the movement.[citation needed]


The term Modern Dance today, is typified as being the style of theatrical dance seen in the period between the 1970s and 1980s. With a strong classical ballet influence, in its purest technical sense, the movement is generally very fluid and balletic, although it does include the dynamic highlights and tricks of jazz dance, with isolations, kicks and leaps. Many movements are very weighted and to the earth. This has led to it being given the name Classical Jazz, in many countries.[citation needed]


As the field of Modern Dance has developed and other dance genres have become more defined, the term Modern Dance has become almost obsolete. Now, most styles once seen as Modern Dance are normally classified as being either Contemporary Dance, Jazz Dance or sometimes, Classical Jazz or Modern Jazz.[citation needed]

Contents

History

Free dance

Main article: Free dance
  • 1891 - Loie Fuller (a burlesque skirt dancer) began experimenting with the effect that gas lighting had on her silk costumes. Fuller developed a form of natural movement and improvisation techniques that were used in conjunction with her revolutionary lighting equipment and translucent silk costumes. She patented her apparatus and methods of stage lighting that included the use of coloured gels and burning chemicals for luminescence, and also patented her voluminous silk stage costumes.
  • 1903 - Isadora Duncan developed a dance technique influenced by the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche and a belief that dance of the ancient Greeks (natural and free) was the dance of the future. Duncan developed a philosophy of dance based on natural and spiritual concepts and advocated for that acceptance of pure dance as a high art.

Fuller, Duncan and St. Denis all toured Europe seeking a wider and more accepting audience for their work. Only Ruth St. Denis returned to the United States to continue her work, Isadora Duncan died in Paris in 1927 and Fuller's work received little support outside Europe. Free dance is a 20th century dance form that preceded Modern dance. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Loie Fuller (Marie Louise Fuller) (January 15, 1862 to January 1, 1928) was a pioneer of both modern dance and theatrical lighting techniques. ... Photograph of Sally Rand, 1934. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Isadora Duncan Isadora Duncan (May 27, 1877 – September 14, 1927) was an American dancer. ... For other uses, see Philosophy (disambiguation). ... Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (October 15, 1844 – August 25, 1900) (IPA: ) was a nineteenth-century German philosopher. ... Ancient Greece is the term used to describe the Greek_speaking world in ancient times. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ... Ruth St. ... Sarah Bernhardt (October 23, 1844 – March 26, 1923) was a French stage actress. ... For other uses, see Mythology (disambiguation). ... The term the Orient - literally meaning sunrise, east - is traditionally used to refer to Near, Middle, and Far Eastern countries. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Early modern dance

In 1915 Ruth St. Denis founded the Denishawn school and dance company with her husband Ted Shawn. Whilst St. Denis was responsible for most of the creative work, Shawn was responsible for teaching technique and composition. Martha Graham, Doris Humphrey, and Charles Weidman were all pupils at the school and members of the dance company. Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Denishawn School of Dancing and Related Arts, founded in 1915 by Ruth St. ... Ted Shawn (1891 to 1972) was a key figure, and the only male figure, in the founding period of modern dance. ... The term dance composition is used to describe to the practice and teaching of choreography and the navigation or connection of choreographic structures. ... For the supercentenarian, see Martha Graham (supercentenarian). ... Doris Batcheller Humphrey (October 17, 1895 - December 29, 1958) was a famous dancer of the early twentieth century. ... Portrait of Charles Weidman by Carl Van Vechten, Dec. ...

  • 1923 Graham leaves Denishawn to work as a solo artist in the Greenwich Village Follies.
  • 1928 Humphrey and Weidman leave Denishawn to set up their own school and company (Humphrey-Weidman).
  • 1933 Shawn founds his all male dance group Ted Shawn and His Men Dancers based at his Jacob's Pillow farm in Lee, Massachusetts.

After shedding the techniques and compositional methods of their teachers the early modern dancers developed their own methods and ideologies and dance techniques that became the foundation for modern dance practice. Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Washington Square Arch Greenwich Village (IPA pronunciation: ), also called simply the Village, is a largely residential area on the west side of downtown (southern) Manhattan in New York City named after Greenwich, London. ... Year 1928 (MCMXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Humphrey-Weidman dance school and dance company founded by Doris Humphrey and Charles Weidman founders of American Modern dance Categories: Stub ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jacob’s Pillow is a National Historic Landmark located in the town of Becket, Massachusetts, in the Berkshires. ... Lee is a town in Berkshire County, Massachusetts, United States. ...

  • Helen Tamiris - originally trained in free movement (Irene Lewisohn) and ballet (Michel Fokine) Tamiris studied briefly with Isadora Duncan but disliked her emphasis on personal expression and lyrical movement. Tamiris believed that each dance must create its own expressive means and as such did not develop an individual style or technique. As a choreographer Tamiris made works based on American themes working in both concert dance and musical theatre.
  • Lester Horton - choosing to work in California (three thousand miles away from the center of modern dance - New York), Horton developed his own approach that incorporated diverse elements including Native American dances and modern Jazz. Horton's dance technique (Lester Horton Technique) emphasises a whole body approach including; flexibility, strength, coordination, and body awareness to allow freedom of expression.

For the supercentenarian, see Martha Graham (supercentenarian). ... Louis Horst (1884 to 1964) was the musical director for the Denishawn company (1916 to 1925) before working as musical director and dance composition teacher for Martha Grahams school and dance company (1926 to 1948). ... Doris Batcheller Humphrey (October 17, 1895 - December 29, 1958) was a famous dancer of the early twentieth century. ... Portrait of Charles Weidman by Carl Van Vechten, Dec. ... Helen Tamiris Helen Tamiris (1903 -1966) choreographer, modern dancer, and teacher (also known as Helen Becker). ... For other uses, see Ballet (disambiguation). ... Michel Fokine or Mikhail Mikhailovich Fokin (Михаил Михайлович Фокин) (April 23 [O.S. April 11] 1880) – August 22, 1942) was a groundbreaking Russian choreographer and dancer. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Performance dance. ... The Black Crook (1866) is considered the first musical comedy Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ... Lester Horton (January 23, 1906 - November 2, 1953) was an American dancer, choreographer, and teacher. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Native Americans redirects here. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Ted Shawn (1891 to 1972) was a key figure, and the only male figure, in the founding period of modern dance. ...

European modern and expressionist dance

See also: Expressionist dance and Ausdruckstanz

Émile Jaques-Dalcroze (July 6, 1865 – July 1, 1950), was a Swiss musician and music educator who developed eurhythmics, a method of learning and experiencing music through movement. ... Eurhythmics (also Rhythmic Gymnastics, Rhythmics) is an approach to the education of music that was devised by Emile Jaques-Dalcroze. ... Rudolf (Jean-Baptiste Attila) Laban, also known as Rudolf von Laban (December 15, 1879, Pressburg, Austria-Hungary (today Bratislava, Slovakia) - July 1, 1958, Weybridge, England) was a notable central European dancer and dance theorist. ... Kurt Jooss (1901-1979) was a German dancer and choreographer. ... Mary Wigman (1886-1973), born Karoline Sophie Marie Wiegmann, was a German dancer, choreographer, and instructor of dance. ... Harald Kreutzberg (1902 - 1968) German dancer and choreographer. ... Expressionist dance is a European dance form related to the German expressionist movement. ... Ausdruckstanz is the name given to German Expressionist dance. ...

Popularization of American Modern Dance

In 1927 newspapers regularly began assigning dance critics, such as Walter Terry, and Edwin Denby, who approached performances from the viewpoint of a movement specialist rather than as a reviewer of music or drama. Educators accepted modern dance into college and university curricula, first as a part of physical education, then as performing art. Many college teachers were trained at the Bennington Summer School of the Dance, which was established at Bennington College in 1934. Isadora Duncan Main articles: Dance in the United States and Modern dance Closely related to the development of American music in the early 20th century was the emergence of a new, and distinctively American, art form -- modern dance. ... Year 1927 (MCMXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Edwin Denby (1903-1983) was an American poet and dance critic. ... Bennington College is a liberal arts college located in Bennington, Vermont. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Of the Bennington program, Agnes de Mille wrote, "...there was a fine commingling of all kinds of artists, musicians, and designers, and secondly, because all those responsible for booking the college concert series across the continent were assembled there. ... free from the limiting strictures of the three big monopolistic managements, who pressed for preference of their European clients. As a consequence, for the first time American dancers were hired to tour America nationwide, and this marked the beginning of their solvency." (de Mille, 1991, p. 205)


Development of modern dance

Whilst the founders on modern dance continued to make works based on ancient myths and legends following a narrative structure, their students the radical dancers saw dance as a potential agent of change. Disturbed by the Great Depression and the rising threat of fascism in Europe, they tried to raise consciousness by dramatizing the economic, social, ethnic and political crises of their time. For other uses, see Mythology (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Legend (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ... Fascism is an authoritarian political ideology (generally tied to a mass movement) that considers individual and other societal interests subordinate to the interests of the state. ... Economics (deriving from the Greek words οίκω [okos], house, and νέμω [nemo], rules hence household management) is the social science that studies the allocation of scarce resources to satisfy unlimited wants. ... Social refers to human society or its organization. ... An ethnic group is a group of people who identify with one another, or are so identified by others, on the basis of a boundary that distinguishes them from other groups. ... Politics is the process by which decisions are made within groups. ...

  • Anna Sokolow - a student of Martha Graham and Louis Horst, Sokolow created her own dance company (circa 1930). presenting dramatic contemporary imagery, Sokolow's compositions were generally abstract; revealing the full spectrum of human experience reflecting the tension and alienation of the time and the truth of human movement.
  • José Limón - In 1946, after studying and performing with Doris Humphrey and Charles Weidman, Limón established his own company with Humphrey as Artistic Director. It was under her mentorship that Limón created his signature dance, The Moor’s Pavane (1949). Limón’s choreographic works and technique remain a strong influence on contemporary dance practice.
  • Merce Cunningham - a former ballet student and performer with Martha Graham, he presented his first New York solo concert with John Cage in 1944. Influenced by Cage and embracing modernist ideology using postmodern processes, Cunningham introduced chance procedures and pure movement to choreography and Cunningham technique to the cannon of 20th century dance techniques. Cunningham set the seeds for postmodern dance with his non-linear, non-climactic, non-psychological abstract work. In these works each element is in, and of itself expressive, and the observer (in large part) determines what it communicates.
  • Erick Hawkins - a student of George Balanchine Hawkins became a soloist and the first male dancer in Martha Graham's dance company. In 1951 Hawkins, interested in the new field of kinesiology, opened his own school and developed his own technique (Hawkins technique) a forerunner of most somatic dance techniques.
  • Alwin Nikolais - a student of Hanya Holm, not only pre-empted postmodern dance but also dance technology (as did Loie Fuller) before Judson Dance Theater in the 1960s. Nikolais use of multimedia in works such as Masks, Props, and Mobiles (1953), Totem (1960), and Count Down (1979) was unmatched by other choreographers. Often presenting his dancers in constrictive spaces and costumes with complicated sound and sets he focused their attention on the physical tasks of overcoming obstacles he placed in their way. Nikolais viewed the dancer not as an artist of self-expression, but as a talent who could investigate the properties of physical space and movement.

Hanya Holm (1893 – 1992) dancer, choreographer and teacher Holm was one of the pioneers of modern dance. ... Mary Wigman (1886-1973), born Karoline Sophie Marie Wiegmann, was a German dancer, choreographer, and instructor of dance. ... For other uses, see Dresden (disambiguation). ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Rudolf (Jean-Baptiste Attila) Laban, also known as Rudolf von Laban (December 15, 1879, Pressburg, Austria-Hungary (today Bratislava, Slovakia) - July 1, 1958, Weybridge, England) was a notable central European dancer and dance theorist. ... The American Dance Festival is a six-week summer season of modern dance performances, and a school for dance currently held at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the television network. ... Labanotation, or Kinetography Laban (as it is known in some parts of Europe) is a system of movement notation that is also used for dance notation. ... Kiss Me, Kate is a musical with a book by Samuel and Bella Spewack and music and lyrics by Cole Porter. ... Year 1948 (MCMXLVIII) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the 1948 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Look up Choreography in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Not to be confused with copywriting. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Performance dance. ... The Black Crook (1866) is considered the first musical comedy Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ... Anna Sokolow (born February 9, 1910, Hartford, Connecticut; died March 29, 2000 in New York City, New York) was an American dancer and choreographer. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... José Limón (January 12, 1908—December 2, 1972) was a dancer who helped define the shape of modern and contemporary dance. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Merce Cunningham (born April 16, 1919 in Centralia, Washington, United States) is an American dancer and choreographer. ... For the Mortal Kombat character, see Johnny Cage. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article focuses on the cultural movement labeled modernism or the modern movement. See also: Modernism (Roman Catholicism) or Modernist Christianity; Modernismo for specific art movement(s) in Spain and Catalonia. ... Political Ideologies Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      An ideology is an organized collection of ideas. ... Postmodernity (also called post-modernity or the postmodern condition) is a term used by philosophers, social scientists, art critics and social critics to refer to aspects of contemporary art, culture, economics and social conditions that are the result of the unique features of late 20th century and early 21st century... Postmodern dance is a 20th century concert dance form. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... George Balanchine (January 9 (O.S.) = January 22 (N.S.), 1904–April 30, 1983) was one of the 20th centurys foremost choreographers, and one of the founders of American ballet. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kinesiology is the scientific study of human movement. ... Paul Taylor photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1960 Paul Taylor (born July 29, 1930) is one of the foremost American choreographers of the 20th century. ... The Juilliard School is one of the worlds premiere performing arts conservatory located in New York City, it is informally identified as simply Juilliard, and trains in the fields of Dance, Drama, and Music. ... Connecticut College is a coeducational, highly selective private liberal arts college located in New London, Connecticut. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The American Dance Festival is a six-week summer season of modern dance performances, and a school for dance currently held at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. ... Merce Cunningham (born April 16, 1919 in Centralia, Washington, United States) is an American dancer and choreographer. ... For the supercentenarian, see Martha Graham (supercentenarian). ... George Balanchine (January 9 (O.S.) = January 22 (N.S.), 1904–April 30, 1983) was one of the 20th centurys foremost choreographers, and one of the founders of American ballet. ... Year 1954 (MCMLIV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article focuses on the cultural movement labeled modernism or the modern movement. See also: Modernism (Roman Catholicism) or Modernist Christianity; Modernismo for specific art movement(s) in Spain and Catalonia. ... Political Ideologies Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      An ideology is an organized collection of ideas. ... // Tharp in a poster for a performance at the Winter Garden Theatre in New York City. ... Alwin Nikolais born in 1910 in Southington, Connecticut]. He studied piano at an early age and began his performing career as an organist accompanying silent films. ... Hanya Holm (1893 – 1992) dancer, choreographer and teacher Holm was one of the pioneers of modern dance. ... Postmodern dance is a 20th century concert dance form. ... Dance technology is an art form in which existing and emerging technologies are used to extend traditional dance practice and develop new dance practices. ... Loie Fuller (Marie Louise Fuller) (January 15, 1862 to January 1, 1928) was a pioneer of both modern dance and theatrical lighting techniques. ... Judson Dance Theater located at the Judson Memorial Church, New York the group of artists that formed Judson Dance Theater are considered the founders of Postmodern dance. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from 1960 to 1969. ... January 7 - President Harry S. Truman announces the United States has developed a hydrogen bomb. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ...

African American modern dance

See also: African American dance

The development of Modern dance embraced the contributions of African American dance artists regardless of whether they made pure modern dance works or blended modern dance with African and Caribbean influences. African American dances in the vernacular tradition (academically known as African American vernacular dance) are those dances which have developed within African American communities in everyday spaces, rather than in dance studios, schools or companies. ... An African woman, wearing native garments, performs during a visit from participants in the West Africa Training Cruise 1983. ... West Indies redirects here. ...

  • Katherine Dunham - African American dancer, and anthropologist, originally a ballet dancer she founded her first company Ballet Negre in 1936 and later the Katherine Dunham Dance Company based in Chicago, Illinois. Dunham opened a school in New York (1945) where she taught Katherine Dunham Technique, a blend of African and Caribbean movement (flexible torso and spine, articulated pelvis and isolation of the limbs and polyrhythmic movement) integrated with techniques of ballet and modern dance.
  • Pearl Primus - a dancer, choreographer and anthropologist Primus drew on African and Caribbean dances to create strong dramatic works characterized by large leaps in the air. Primus often based her dances on the work of black writers and on racial and African-American issues. Primus created works based on Langston Hughes The Negro Speaks of Rivers (1944), and Lewis Allan's Strange Fruit (1945). Her dance company developed into the Pearl Primus Dance Language Institute which teaches her method of blending African-American, Caribbean, and African influences with modern dance and ballet techniques.

Katherine Dunham in 1956 Katherine Mary Dunham (22 June 1909 – 21 May 2006) was an African-American dancer, choreographer, songwriter, author, educator and activist who was trained as an anthropologist. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ... See Anthropology. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... World map showing location of Africa A satellite composite image of Africa Africa is the worlds second_largest continent in both area and population, after Asia. ... West Indies redirects here. ... For other uses, see Ballet (disambiguation). ... Pearl Primus (29 November 1919, Port of Spain, Trinidad - 29 October 1994) dancer, choreographer and anthropologist. ... Langston Hughes (February 1, 1902 – May 22, 1967) was an American poet, novelist, playwright, short story writer, and columnist. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The American writer Abel Meeropol (1903 - 1986) is best known under his pseudonym Lewis Allan, under which he wrote the anti-lynching song Strange Fruit, famously performed by Billie Holiday. ... For other uses, see Strange Fruit (disambiguation). ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Alvin Ailey, Jr. ... Lester Horton (January 23, 1906 - November 2, 1953) was an American dancer, choreographer, and teacher. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Languages Predominantly American English Religions Protestantism (chiefly Baptist and Methodist); Roman Catholicism; Islam Related ethnic groups Sub-Saharan Africans and other African groups, some with Native American groups. ... The Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater is a modern dance company based in New York, New York. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) No official language See languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Largest metro area Dallas–Fort Worth–Arlington Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 261,797 sq mi (678,051 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... A spiritual is a African-American song, usually with a religious text. ... Gospel, from the Old English good tidings is a calque of Greek () used in the New Testament (see Etymology below). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Australian Dance

The Australian dance incorporates various techniques, namely the wiggles, the drugged up monkey and above all the most favour, the shuffle. The pioneer of this somewhat difficult dance technique was Bill Ring, who in 2006 brought it to the world stage in 'Bill vs Turner', regarded by some as the single greatest dance off in Australian history. More recently the shuffle has been banned in Australia, following various altercations involving the highly controversial move. This however has not stopped many from performing it, with Bill spear heading an underground movement.


Legacy of modern dance

Modern dance often utilizes floor work.
Modern dance often utilizes floor work.

The legacy on Modern dance can be seen in lineage of 20th century concert dance forms. Although often producing divergent dance forms many seminal dance artists share a common heritage that can be traced back to free dance. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (1203 × 800 pixel, file size: 337 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 532 pixelsFull resolution (1203 × 800 pixel, file size: 337 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... 20th century concert dance is the name given to a category of dance forms that include: Free dance Modern dance Expressionist dance Postmodern dance Dance improvisation Contemporary dance Dance theatre Dance technology Dance for camera Although technically 20th century concert dance, the following dance forms are considered under the separate...


Postmodern and Contemporary dance

Both Postmodern dance and Contemporary dance are built upon the foundations laid by Modern dance and form part of the greater category of 20th century concert dance. Where as Postmodern dance was a direct and opposite response to Modern dance, Contemporary dance draws on both modern and postmodern dance as a source of inspiration. Postmodern dance is a 20th century concert dance form. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Postmodern dance is a 20th century concert dance form. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

See also: 20th century concert dance

20th century concert dance is the name given to a category of dance forms that include: Free dance Modern dance Expressionist dance Postmodern dance Dance improvisation Contemporary dance Dance theatre Dance technology Dance for camera Although technically 20th century concert dance, the following dance forms are considered under the separate...

Teachers and their students

This list illustrates the basic teacher / student links in modern dance. For more detailed information see the individual artists entries.

Loie Fuller (Marie Louise Fuller) (January 15, 1862 to January 1, 1928) was a pioneer of both modern dance and theatrical lighting techniques. ... Isadora Duncan Isadora Duncan (May 27, 1877 – September 14, 1927) was an American dancer. ... Ruth St. ... Ted Shawn (1891 to 1972) was a key figure, and the only male figure, in the founding period of modern dance. ... The Denishawn School of Dancing and Related Arts, founded in 1915 by Ruth St. ... Doris Batcheller Humphrey (October 17, 1895 - December 29, 1958) was a famous dancer of the early twentieth century. ... Portrait of Charles Weidman by Carl Van Vechten, Dec. ... Humphrey-Weidman dance school and dance company founded by Doris Humphrey and Charles Weidman founders of American Modern dance Categories: Stub ... José Limón (January 12, 1908—December 2, 1972) was a dancer who helped define the shape of modern and contemporary dance. ... For the supercentenarian, see Martha Graham (supercentenarian). ... Louis Horst (1884 to 1964) was the musical director for the Denishawn company (1916 to 1925) before working as musical director and dance composition teacher for Martha Grahams school and dance company (1926 to 1948). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... George Balanchine (January 9 (O.S.) = January 22 (N.S.), 1904–April 30, 1983) was one of the 20th centurys foremost choreographers, and one of the founders of American ballet. ... Anna Sokolow (born February 9, 1910, Hartford, Connecticut; died March 29, 2000 in New York City, New York) was an American dancer and choreographer. ... May ODonnell (1909 - 2004) American modern dancer and choreographer. ... Merce Cunningham (born April 16, 1919 in Centralia, Washington, United States) is an American dancer and choreographer. ... Postmodern dance is a 20th century concert dance form. ... Yvonne Rainer (born November 24, 1934) is an American choreographer and filmmaker. ... Paul Taylor photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, 1960 Paul Taylor (born July 29, 1930) is one of the foremost American choreographers of the 20th century. ... // Tharp in a poster for a performance at the Winter Garden Theatre in New York City. ... Lester Horton (January 23, 1906 - November 2, 1953) was an American dancer, choreographer, and teacher. ... Alvin Ailey, Jr. ... Rudolf (Jean-Baptiste Attila) Laban, also known as Rudolf von Laban (December 15, 1879, Pressburg, Austria-Hungary (today Bratislava, Slovakia) - July 1, 1958, Weybridge, England) was a notable central European dancer and dance theorist. ... Kurt Jooss (1901-1979) was a German dancer and choreographer. ... Ausdruckstanz is the name given to German Expressionist dance. ... Pina Bausch is a choreographer; one of the giant figures of modern dance, and a leading influence in the development of the Tanztheater style of dance. ... The German Tanztheater (dance theatre) grew out of German expressionist dance. ... Mary Wigman (1886-1973), born Karoline Sophie Marie Wiegmann, was a German dancer, choreographer, and instructor of dance. ... Expressionist dance is a European dance form related to the German expressionist movement. ... Hanya Holm (1893 – 1992) dancer, choreographer and teacher Holm was one of the pioneers of modern dance. ... Alwin Nikolais born in 1910 in Southington, Connecticut]. He studied piano at an early age and began his performing career as an organist accompanying silent films. ... Murray Louis, photograph by Tom Caravaglia Murray Louis was born in Brooklyn, New York, in 1926. ... Émile Jaques-Dalcroze (July 6, 1865 – July 1, 1950), was a Swiss musician and music educator who developed eurhythmics, a method of learning and experiencing music through movement. ... Mary Wigman (1886-1973), born Karoline Sophie Marie Wiegmann, was a German dancer, choreographer, and instructor of dance. ... Dame Marie Rambert was to exert a great influence on British ballet, both as dancer and teacher. ... Katherine Dunham in 1956 Katherine Mary Dunham (22 June 1909 – 21 May 2006) was an African-American dancer, choreographer, songwriter, author, educator and activist who was trained as an anthropologist. ... Pearl Primus (29 November 1919, Port of Spain, Trinidad - 29 October 1994) dancer, choreographer and anthropologist. ... Garth Fagan (1940 -) Modern dance choreographer. ... Helen Tamiris Helen Tamiris (1903 -1966) choreographer, modern dancer, and teacher (also known as Helen Becker). ... Daniel Nagrin (born May 22, 1917) is an American modern dancer, choreographer, teacher, and author. ...

See also

20th century concert dance is the name given to a category of dance forms that include: Free dance Modern dance Expressionist dance Postmodern dance Dance improvisation Contemporary dance Dance theatre Dance technology Dance for camera Although technically 20th century concert dance, the following dance forms are considered under the separate... Free dance is a 20th century dance form that preceded Modern dance. ... Expressionist dance is a European dance form related to the German expressionist movement. ... Ausdruckstanz is the name given to German Expressionist dance. ... Postmodern dance is a 20th century concert dance form. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This is a list of dance style categories. ... Choreography (also known as dance composition) is the art of making structures in which movement occurs, the term composition may also refer to the navigation or connection of these movement structures. ... For other uses, see Dance (disambiguation). ...

Further reading

  • Adshead-Lansdale, J. (Ed) (1994) Dance History: An Introduction. Routledge. ISBN 0-415-09030-X
  • Anderson, J. (1992) Ballet & Modern Dance: A Concise History. Independent Publishers Group. ISBN 0-87127-172-9
  • Au, S. (2002) Ballet and Modern Dance (World of Art). Thames & Hudson. ISBN 0-500-20352-0
  • Brown, J. Woodford, C, H. and Mindlin, N. (Eds) (1998) (The Vision of Modern Dance: In the Words of Its Creators). Independent Publishers Group. ISBN 0-87127-205-9
  • Cheney, G. (1989) Basic Concepts in Modern Dance: A Creative Approach. Independent Publishers Group. ISBN 0-916622-76-2
  • Daly, A. (2002) Done into Dance: Isadora Duncan in America. Wesleyan Univ Press. ISBN 0-8195-6560-1
  • de Mille, A. (1991) Martha : The Life and Work of Martha Graham. Random House. ISBN 0-394-55643-7
  • Duncan, I. (1937) The technique of Isadora Duncan. Dance Horizons. ISBN 0-87127-028-5
  • Foulkes, J, L. (2002) Modern Bodies: Dance and American Modernism from Martha Graham to Alvin Ailey. The University of North Carolina Press. ISBN 0-8078-5367-4
  • Graham, M. (1973) The Notebooks of Martha Graham. Harcourt. ISBN 0-15-167265-2
  • Graham, M. (1992) Martha Graham: Blood Memory: An Autobiography. Pan Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-57441-9
  • Hawkins, E. and Celichowska, R. (2000) The Erick Hawkins Modern Dance Technique. Independent Publishers Group. ISBN 0-87127-213-X
  • Hodgson, M. (1976) Quintet: Five American Dance Companies. William Morrow and Company. ISBN 0688080952
  • Horosko, M (Ed) (2002) Martha Graham: The Evolution of Her Dance Theory and Training. University Press of Florida. ISBN 0-8130-2473-0
  • Humphrey, D. and Pollack, B. (Ed) (1991) The Art of Making Dances Princeton Book Co. ISBN 0-87127-158-3
  • Hutchinson Guest, A. (1998) Shawn's Fundamentals of Dance (Language of Dance). Routledge. ISBN 2-88124-219-7
  • Kriegsman, S, A.(1981) Modern Dance in America: the Bennington Years. G K Hall. ISBN 0-8161-8528-X
  • Lewis, D, D. (1999) The Illustrated Dance Technique of Jose Limon. Princeton Book Co. ISBN 0-87127-209-1
  • Long, R. A. (1995) The Black Tradition in Modern Dance. Smithmark Publishers. ISBN 0831707631
  • Love, P. (1997) Modern Dance Terminology: The ABC's of Modern Dance as Defined by its Originators. Independent Publishers Group. ISBN 0-87127-206-7
  • McDonagh, D. (1976) The Complete Guide to Modern Dance Doubleday. ISBN 978-0385050555
  • McDonagh, D. (1990) The Rise and Fall of Modern Dance. Chicago Review Press. ISBN 1-55652-089-1
  • Mazo, J, H. (2000) Prime Movers: The Makers of Modern Dance in America. Independent Publishers Group. ISBN 0-87127-211-3
  • Minton, S. (1984) Modern Dance: Body & Mind. Morton Publishing Company. ISBN 978-0895821027
  • Roseman, J, L. (2004) Dance Was Her Religion: The Spiritual Choreography of Isadora Duncan, Ruth St. Denis and Martha Graham. Hohm Press. ISBN 1-890772-38-0
  • Sherman, J. (1983) Denishawn: The Enduring Influence. Twayne. ISBN 0-8057-9602-9
  • Terry, W. (1976) Ted Shawn, father of American dance : a biography. Dial Press. ISBN 0-8037-8557-7
  • A great series of articles on Analyzing trends in the modern dance movement can be found here.

  Results from FactBites:
 
Invitation to the Dance (Library of Congress Music, Theater, Dance: An Illustrated Guide) (1498 words)
Dance materials at the Library serve as a mirror to the interest in--and commitment to--dance as an intrinsic component of the nation's cultural tapestry.
Such guidebooks were used by the traveling "dancing masters," circuit-riders of the era who traversed vast regions of the United States teaching dances to the gentry of the South and the middle and upper classes of the Northeast.
Because dance "moves," filmmakers--later, television producers--have been drawn to the dancing image since the very beginning of the film era, and dance scholars, seeing the tremendous potential for capturing the dance, immediately began to exploit film as a medium for enriching research resources.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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