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Encyclopedia > Modern Art
Dejeuner sur l'Herbe by Pablo Picasso
Dejeuner sur l'Herbe by Pablo Picasso
At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892
At the Moulin Rouge: Two Women Waltzing by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, 1892
I and the Village by Marc Chagall, 1911
I and the Village by Marc Chagall, 1911
Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917
Fountain by Marcel Duchamp, 1917
Campbell's Soup Cans 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two canvases, Each canvas 20 x 16" (50.8 x 40.6 cm), by Andy Warhol, Museum of Modern Art, New York
Campbell's Soup Cans 1962 Synthetic polymer paint on thirty-two canvases, Each canvas 20 x 16" (50.8 x 40.6 cm), by Andy Warhol, Museum of Modern Art, New York

Modern art is a general term used for most of the artistic work from the late 19th century until approximately the 1970s. (Recent art production is more often called Contemporary art or Postmodern art). Modern art refers to the then new approach to art which placed emphasis on representing emotions, themes, and various abstractions. Artists experimented with new ways of seeing, with fresh ideas about the nature of materials and functions of art, often moving further toward abstraction. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 429 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (458 × 640 pixel, file size: 92 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Modern art Metadata... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 429 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (458 × 640 pixel, file size: 92 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Modern art Metadata... Pablo Ruiz Picasso (October 25, 1881 – April 8, 1973) was a Spanish painter and sculptor. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 504 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1000 × 1189 pixel, file size: 121 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Modern art ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 504 × 599 pixel Image in higher resolution (1000 × 1189 pixel, file size: 121 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Modern art ... Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec [äNrÄ“ du tOOlOOz lōtrek] (November 24, 1864 – September 9, 1901) was a French painter, printmaker, draftsman, and illustrator, whose immersion in the decadent and theatrical life of fin de siècle Paris yielded an oeuvre of provocative images of modern life. ... Download high resolution version (500x637, 135 KB)Subject: Painting The Scream (1893) by Edvard Munch. ... Download high resolution version (500x637, 135 KB)Subject: Painting The Scream (1893) by Edvard Munch. ... An agonized figure is depicted against a blood red Oslofjord skyline in Edvard Munchs Scream (1893), National Gallery, Oslo. ... The Scream. ... Download high resolution version (556x700, 120 KB)Marc Chagall, I and the Village, 1911, oil on canvas. ... Download high resolution version (556x700, 120 KB)Marc Chagall, I and the Village, 1911, oil on canvas. ... Marc Chagall as photographed in 1941 by Carl Van Vechten. ... Download high resolution version (594x814, 59 KB) The copyright status of this work is difficult or impossible to determine. ... Download high resolution version (594x814, 59 KB) The copyright status of this work is difficult or impossible to determine. ... Marcel Duchamp. ... 1917 (MCMXVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar (see: 1917 Julian calendar). ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2112x1200, 2700 KB) This image is of a drawing, painting, print, or other two-dimensional work of art, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the artist who produced the image, the person who commissioned the work... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2112x1200, 2700 KB) This image is of a drawing, painting, print, or other two-dimensional work of art, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by either the artist who produced the image, the person who commissioned the work... Campbells Soup Cans (sometimes referred to as 32 Campbells Soup Cans)[1] is the title of an Andy Warhol work of art produced in 1962. ... Andy Warhol (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987) was an American artist who became a central figure in the movement known as pop art. ... View across garden, in new MoMA building by Yoshio Taniguchi. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... This article needs additional references or sources to facilitate its verification. ... Postmodern art (sometimes called po-mo) is a term used to describe art which is thought to be after or in contradiction to some aspect of modernism. ... abstraction in general. ...


The notion of modern art is closely related to Modernism. For Christian theological modernism, see Liberal Christianity and Modernism (Roman Catholicism). ...

Contents

History of Modern art

Roots in the 19th century

By the late 19th century, several movements which were to be influential in modern art had begun to emerge: Impressionism and post-Impressionism, as well as Symbolism. Impressionism was a 19th century art movement that began as a loose association of Paris-based artists, who began exhibiting their art publicly in the 1860s. ... Self-Portrait with sister, by Victor Borisov-Musatov 1898 Post-Impressionism is the term coined by the British artist and art critic Roger Fry in 1914, to describe the development of European art since Monet (Impressionism). ...


Influences upon these movements were varied: from exposure to Eastern decorative arts, particularly Japanese printmaking, to the colouristic innovations of Turner and Delacroix, to a search for more depiction of common life, as found in the work of painters such as Jean-François Millet. At the time, the generally held belief was that art should be accurate in its depiction of objects, but that it should be aimed at expressing the ideal, or the domestic. Thus the most successful painters of the day worked either through commissions, or through large public exhibitions of their own work. There were official government sponsored painters' unions, and governments regularly held public exhibitions of new fine and decorative arts. Van Gogh - Portrait of Pere Tanguy Example of ukiyo-e influence in Western art Japonism (also in French Japonisme and Japonaiserie) is the influence of Japanese art on Western, primarily French, artists. ... Joseph Mallord William Turner (April 23, 1775 (exact date disputed) – December 19, 1851) was an English Romantic landscape painter, watercolourist and printmaker, whose style can be said to have laid the foundation for Impressionism. ... Eugène Delacroix (portrait by Nadar) Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (April 26, 1798 - August 13, 1863) was an important painter from the French romantic period. ... Realism in the visual arts and literature is the depiction of subjects as they appear in everyday life, without embellishment or interpretation. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Thus, breaking with idealization and depiction were not merely artistic statements, but decisions with social and economic results.


These movements did not necessarily identify themselves as being associated with progress, or art artistic freedom, but instead argued, in the style of the times, that they represented universal values and reality. The Impressionists argued that people do not see objects, but only the light which they reflect, and therefore painters should paint in natural light rather than in studios, and should capture the effects of light in their work.


Impressionist artists formed a group to promote their work, which, despite internal tensions, was able to mount exhibitions. The style was adopted by artists in different nations, in preference to a "national" style. These factors established the view that it was a "movement". These traits: establishment of a working method integral to the art, establishment of a movement or visible active core of support, and international adoption, would be repeated by artistic movements in the Modern period in art.


Early 20th Century

Among the movements which flowered in the first decade of the 20th century were Fauvism, Cubism, Expressionism and Futurism. The Dessert: Harmony in Red (1908) by Henri Matisse Les Fauves (French for The Wild Beasts) were a short-lived and loose grouping of early Modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities, and the use of deep color over the representational values retained by Impressionism. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) which inspired 20th century Expressionists Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele Rehe im Walde by Franz Marc Elbe Bridge I by Rolf Nesch On White II by Wassily Kandinsky, 1923. ... Futurism was a 20th century art movement. ...


World War I brought an end to this phase, but indicated the beginning of a number of anti-art movements, such as Dada and the work of Marcel Duchamp, and of Surrealism. Also, artist groups like de Stijl and Bauhaus were seminal in the development of new ideas about the interrelation of the arts, architecture, design and art education. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... Anti art is a work that is exhibited or delivered in a conventional context but makes fun of serious art or challenges the nature of art. ... Cover of the first edition of the publication, Dada. ... Marcel Duchamp. ... Max Ernst. ... De Stijl redirects here. ... Typography by Herbert Bayer above the entrance to the workshop block of the Bauhaus, Dessau, 2005. ...


Modern art was introduced to the United States with the Armory Show in 1913, and through European artists who moved to the U.S. during World War I. Armory Show poster. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ...


After World War II

It was only after World War II, though, that the U.S. became the focal point of new artistic movements. The 1950s and 1960s saw the emergence of Abstract Expressionism, Color field painting, Pop art, Op art, Hard-edge painting, Minimal art, Lyrical Abstraction, Postminimalism and various other movements; in the late 1960s and the 1970s, Land art, Performance art, Conceptual art and Photorealism among other movements emerged. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This does not cite any references or sources. ... The 1960s decade refers to the years from January 1, 1960 to December 31, 1969, inclusive. ... Jackson Pollock, No. ... Color Field is an art movement characterized by canvases being covered entirely by large fields of solid color. ... Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? (1956) is one of the earliest works to be considered pop art. ... Op art is a term used to described certain paintings made primarily in the 1960s which exploit the fallibilty of the eye through the use of optical illusions. ... The Hard-edge painting style can be considered a subdivision of Post-Painterly Abstraction, which in turn emerged from Color Field painting. ... Minimalism describes movements in various forms of art and design, especially visual art and music, where the work is stripped down to its most fundamental features. ... Lyrical Abstraction is an important American abstract art movement that emerged in New York City, Los Angeles, Washington DC and then Toronto and London during the 1960s - 1970s. ... Postminimalism is a term utilized in various artistic fields for work which is influenced by, or attempts to develop, the aesthetic of minimalism. ... The Spiral Jetty from atop Rozel Point, in mid-April 2005. ... This article is about Performance art. ... Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs (1965) Conceptual art is art in which the concept(s) or idea(s) involved in the work take precedence over traditional aesthetic and material concerns. ... Photorealism is the genre of painting resembling a photograph, most recently seen in the splinter hyperrealism art movement. ...


Around that period, a number of artists and architects started rejecting the idea of "the modern" and created typically Postmodern works. For Christian theological modernism, see Liberal Christianity and Modernism (Roman Catholicism). ... Postmodern art (sometimes called po-mo) is a term used to describe art which is thought to be after or in contradiction to some aspect of modernism. ...


Starting from the post-World War II period, fewer artists used painting as their primary medium; instead, larger installations and performances became widespread. Since the 1970s, new media art has become a category in itself, with a growing number of artists experimenting with technological means such as video art. For building painting, see painter and decorator. ... Installation art uses sculptural materials and other media to modify the way we experience a particular space. ... This article is about Performance art. ... New media art (also known as media art) is a generic term used to describe art related to, or created with, a technology invented or made widely available since the mid-20th Century. ... Video art is a type of art which relies on moving pictures and is comprised of video and/or audio data. ...


Criticism

Modern art has been criticized for an apparent poverty of technique,[citation needed] or in some cases (such as a solid-colored canvas or a pile of assorted objects) as being indistinguishable from non-art.[citation needed]


Art movements and artist groups

(Chronological with representative artists listed.)


Modern art


End of 19th century

Wanderer above the sea of fog by Caspar David Friedrich Romanticism is an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement that originated in 18th century Western Europe during the Industrial Revolution. ... This article is about Francisco Goya, a Spanish painter. ... Joseph Mallord William Turner (April 23, 1775 (exact date disputed) – December 19, 1851) was an English Romantic landscape painter, watercolourist and printmaker, whose style can be said to have laid the foundation for Impressionism. ... Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix (April 26, 1798 – August 13, 1863) was the most important of the French Romantic painters. ... Realism in the visual arts and literature is the depiction of subjects as they appear in everyday life, without embellishment or interpretation. ... Jean Désiré Gustave Courbet (10 June 1819 – 31 December 1877) was a French painter who led the Realist movement in 19th-century French painting. ... Impressionism was a 19th century art movement that began as a loose association of Paris-based artists, who began exhibiting their art publicly in the 1860s. ... Edgar Degas (19 July 1834 – 27 September 1917), born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar Degas (IPA ), was a French artist famous for his work in painting, sculpture, printmaking and drawing. ... Articles with similar titles include Claude Monet, another painter of the same era. ... Claude Monet also known as Oscar-Claude Monet or Claude Oscar Monet (November 14, 1840 – December 5, 1926)[1] was a founder of French impressionist painting, and the most consistent and prolific practitioner of the movements philosophy of expressing ones perceptions before nature, especially as applied to plein... The garden of Pontoise, painted 1875. ... Alfred Sisley. ... Self-Portrait with sister, by Victor Borisov-Musatov 1898 Post-Impressionism is the term coined by the British artist and art critic Roger Fry in 1914, to describe the development of European art since Monet (Impressionism). ... Le Chahut was painted by Seurat from 1889 to 1890. ... Paul Cézanne (IPA: , January 19, 1839 – October 22, 1906) was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th century conception of artistic endeavour to a new and radically different world of art in the 20th century. ... Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin (June 7, 1848 – May 9, 1903) was a leading Post-Impressionist artist. ... Vincent Willem van Gogh (sometimes erroneously pronounced [ˈvɪnsÉ™nt væn ˈɡɒf] or [ˈvɪnsÉ™nt vÉ‘n ˈɡɔx] in British English and [ˈvɪnsÉ™nt væn ˈɡoÊŠ] in US English; the correct Dutch pronunciation is ) (30 March 1853 – 29 July 1890) was a Dutch Post-Impressionist artist. ... Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec [äNrÄ“ du tOOlOOz lōtrek] (November 24, 1864 – September 9, 1901) was a French painter, printmaker, draftsman, and illustrator, whose immersion in the decadent and theatrical life of fin de siècle Paris yielded an oeuvre of provocative images of modern life. ... The Dream, 1910 MoMA. Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) was a French Post-Impressionist painter in the Naive or Primitive manner. ... Self portrait of Gustav Moreau, 1850 Gustave Moreau (April 6, 1826 – April 18, 1898) was a French Symbolist painter. ... Self portrait, 1880, Musée dOrsay. ... James Frederic Ensor, bust, Artist: Edmond de Valériola, Location: Ostende, Belgien James Ensor (April 13, 1860 - November 19, 1949) was a Belgian painter and printmaker, an important precursor to expressionism and surrealism who lived in Ostend for almost his entire life. ... Nabis (or Les Nabis; the prophets, from the Hebrew term for prophet) was a group of young post-impressionist avant-garde Parisian artists of the 1890s that influenced the fine arts and graphic arts in France at the turn of the 20th century. ... The Dining Room in the Country Pierre Bonnard (October 3, 1867 – January 23, 1947) was a French painter and printmaker. ... Jean-Édouard Vuillard (November 11, 1868 - June 21, 1940) was a French painter and printmaker. ... Félix Vallotton was a Franco-Swiss painter, engraver, illustrator and writer (Lausanne 1865-Paris 1925). ... Image:The mountain. ... Auguste Rodin - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...

Early 20th century (before WWI)

Vitebsk Railway Station one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau architecture. ... Jugendstil is defined as a style of architecture or decorative art similar to Art Nouveau, popular in German-speaking areas of Europe during the late 19th and early 20th centuries [1]. Jugendstil was also popular in the Nordic countries, where it became integrated with the National Romantic Style. ... Alfons Mucha, lithographed poster, 1898 Art Nouveau (French for New art) is an art and design style that peaked in popularity at the turn of the 20th century. ... Modernisme in Catalan, (not to be confused with modernism) is the Catalan variant of Art Nouveau. ... Alfons Mucha (July 24, 1860 - July 14, 1939) was a Czech painter and decorative artist. ... Gustav Klimt (July 14, 1862 – February 6, 1918) was an Austrian Symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Art Nouveau (Vienna Secession) movement. ... Otto Wagner Otto Koloman Wagner (13 July 1841–11 April 1918) was an Austrian architect. ... Wiener Werkstätte (en: Vienna Workshops), was founded on May 19, 1903. ... Josef Hoffmann (December 15, 1870 - May 7, 1956) was an Austrian architect and designer of consumer goods. ... Adolf Loos (December 10, 1870 in Brno, Moravia–August 8, 1933 in Vienna, Austria) was an early-20th century Viennese architect. ... Venus in the Grotto (ca. ... The Scream by Edvard Munch (1893) which inspired 20th century Expressionists Portrait of Eduard Kosmack by Egon Schiele Rehe im Walde by Franz Marc Elbe Bridge I by Rolf Nesch On White II by Wassily Kandinsky, 1923. ... Oskar Kokoschka (March 1, 1886-February 22, 1980) was an Austrian artist and poet of Czech origin, best known for his intense expressionistic portraits and landscapes. ... The Scream. ... Maskenstilleben (Masks Still Life), watercolor on paper, 1911. ... The Dessert: Harmony in Red (1908) by Henri Matisse Les Fauves (French for The Wild Beasts) were a short-lived and loose grouping of early Modern artists whose works emphasized painterly qualities, and the use of deep color over the representational values retained by Impressionism. ... Charing Cross Bridge, London (1906). ... Henri Matisse, Self-Portrait in a Striped T-shirt 1906, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark Henri Matisse (December 31, 1869 – November 3, 1954) was a French artist, noted for his use of color and his fluid, brilliant and original draughtsmanship. ... Maurice de Vlaminck (April 4, 1876 - October 11, 1958) was a French painter, print-maker and author. ... Die Brücke (The Bridge) was a group of German expressionist artists formed in Dresden in 1905. ... Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (May 6, 1880 – June 15, 1938) was a German expressionist painter and one of the founders of the artists group Die Brücke or The Bridge. ... Cover of Der Blaue Reiter almanac. ... Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name pronounced as [vassi:li]) (December 16 [O.S. December 4] 1866 – December 13, 1944) was a Russian painter, printmaker and art theorist. ... August Macke. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Violin and Candlestick, Paris, spring 1910, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art Georges Braque (May 13, 1882 – August 31, 1963) was a major 20th century French painter and sculptor who, along with Pablo Picasso, developed the art movement known as cubism. ... The Sunblind, 1914, Tate Gallery. ... Still Life with a Beer Mug, 1921. ... Pablo Ruiz Picasso (October 25, 1881 – April 8, 1973) was a Spanish painter and sculptor. ... Orphism or Orphic cubism, is a term coined in 1912 France by the poet Guillaume Apollinaire. ... Image:300px-Delaunay ChampDeMars. ... Jacques Villon (July 31, 1875 - June 9, 1963) was a French Cubist painter and printmaker. ... Futurism was a 20th century art movement. ... Giacomo Balla (July 24, 1871 - March 1, 1958) was an Italian painter. ... Unique Forms of Continuity in Space (Museum of Modern Art, New York) Umberto Boccioni (October 19, 1882–August 16, 1916) was an Italian painter and sculptor and a member of the Futurist movement. ... Carlo Carrà Carlo Carrà (11 February 1881-13 April 1966) was an Italian painter, a leading figure of the futurist movement that flourished in Italy during the beginning of the 20th century. ... Lissitzky, Beat the Whites With the Red Wedge, lithograph, 1919 The Russian avant-garde is an umbrella term used to define the large, influential wave of modern art that flourished in Russia from approximately 1890 to 1930 - although some place its beginning as early as 1850 and its end as... Self-portrait, 1933 Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (Казимир Северинович Малевич, Polish Malewicz, Ukrainian transliteration Malevych, German Kasimir Malewitsch), (February 12, 1878 – May 15, 1935) was a painter and... Self Portrait with Yellow Lilies. ... Self-Portrait, 1910 Mikhail Fyodorovich Larionov (1881-1964) was a celebrated Russian painter, husband of Natalia Goncharova. ... De Stijl redirects here. ... Counter-Composition V (1924) Theo van Doesburg (Utrecht, August 30, 1883 – Davos, March 7, 1931) was a Dutch artist, practicing in painting, writing, poetry and architecture. ... Piet Mondrian in his studio in 1941 photographed by Arnold Newman Pieter Cornelis (Piet) Mondriaan, after 1912 Mondrian, (pronounced: Pete Mon-dree-on, IPA: ) (b. ... Henri Matisse, Self-Portrait in a Striped T-shirt 1906, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark Henri Matisse (December 31, 1869 – November 3, 1954) was a French artist, noted for his use of color and his fluid, brilliant and original draughtsmanship. ... Constantin Brancusi Constantin Brancusi (February 19, 1876 – March 16, 1957, originally Constantin BrâncuÅŸi IPA: ), was a Romanian sculptor, born in HobiÅ£a, Gorj, near Târgu Jiu, where he placed his sculptural ensemble with The Table of Silence, The Gate of the Kiss and The Endless Column. ... Pictorialism was a photographic movement in vogue from around 1885 following the widespread introduction of the dry-plate process, and reached its height in the early years of the 20th century and declined rapidly after 1914. ... Pure photography refers to photography that attempts to depict a scene as realistically and objectively as permitted by the medium, renouncing the use of manipulation. ...

Between WWI and WWII

Marc Chagall as photographed in 1941 by Carl Van Vechten. ... Pittura Metafisica (metaphysical painting) was an Italian art movement founded in 1917 by Carlo Carrà and Giorgio de Chirico in Ferrara. ... Giorgio de Chirico in 1936 photographed by Carl Van Vechten. ... Carlo Carrà Carlo Carrà (11 February 1881-13 April 1966) was an Italian painter, a leading figure of the futurist movement that flourished in Italy during the beginning of the 20th century. ... Cover of the first edition of the publication, Dada. ... Hans (Jean) Arp (September 16, 1886 – June 7, 1966) was a German-French sculptor, painter, and poet. ... Marcel Duchamp. ... Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning in 1948. ... Francis Picabia in his studio. ... Kurt Schwitters (June 20, 1887 - January 8, 1948) was a German painter who was born in Hanover, Germany. ... The New Objectivity, or neue Sachlichkeit (new matter-of-factness), was an art movement which arose in Germany during the 1920s as an outgrowth of, and in opposition to, expressionism. ... Max Beckmann (February 12, 1884 – December 28, 1950) was a German painter, draftsman, printmaker, sculptor, and writer. ... Otto Dix (December 2, 1891 - July 25, 1969) was a German painter and printmaker. ... George Grosz (July 26, 1893 – July 6, 1959) was a prominent member of the Berlin Dada and New Objectivity group, known especially for his savagely caricatural drawings of Berlin life in the 1920s. ... Henri Matisse, Self-Portrait in a Striped T-shirt 1906, Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen, Denmark Henri Matisse (December 31, 1869 – November 3, 1954) was a French artist, noted for his use of color and his fluid, brilliant and original draughtsmanship. ... Amedeo Clemente Modigliani (July 12, 1884 – January 24, 1920) was an Italian artist, practicing both painting and sculpture, who pursued his career for the most part in France. ... Pablo Ruiz Picasso (October 25, 1881 – April 8, 1973) was a Spanish painter and sculptor. ... Chaim Soutine (1893 – August 9, 1943) was an expressionist painter. ... Max Ernst. ... Hans (Jean) Arp (September 16, 1886 – June 7, 1966) was a German-French sculptor, painter, and poet. ... Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí y Domènech, Marquis of Pubol (May 11, 1904 – January 23, 1989), was a Spanish (Catalan) surrealist painter. ... Max Ernst and Dorothea Tanning in 1948. ... This is not a pipe. ... Pedestal Table in the Studio, (1922) André-Aimé-René Masson (January 4, 1896 – October 28, 1987) was a French artist. ... Joan Miró photo taken by Carl Van Vechten, June, 1935 Joan Miró i Ferrà (April 20, 1893 – December 25, 1983) was a Catalan painter, sculptor, and ceramist born in Catalonia, Spain. ... Tatlin Tower. ... Portrait of Naum Gabo Naum Gabo KBE (August 5, 1890 - August 23, 1977) was a prominent Russian sculptor in the Constructivism movement and a pioneer of Kinetic Art. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...   (Лазарь Маркович Лисицкий, November 23, 1890 – December 30, 1941), better known as El Lissitzky (Эль Лисицкий), was a Russian artist, designer, photographer, teacher, typographer, and architect. ... Self-portrait, 1933 Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (Казимир Северинович Малевич, Polish Malewicz, Ukrainian transliteration Malevych, German Kasimir Malewitsch), (February 12, 1878 – May 15, 1935) was a painter and... Image:1924 Alexander Rodchenko in industrial suit by Mikhail Kaufman. ... Vladimir Yevgrafovich Tatlin (Владимир Евграфович Татлин) (December 28, 1885 (OS: December 16) – May 31, 1953) worked as a painter and architect. ... Typography by Herbert Bayer above the entrance to the workshop block of the Bauhaus, Dessau, 2005. ... Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name pronounced as [vassi:li]) (December 16 [O.S. December 4] 1866 – December 13, 1944) was a Russian painter, printmaker and art theorist. ... For other persons named Klee, see Klee (disambiguation). ... For other persons named Alexander Calder, see Alexander Calder (disambiguation). ... Three Men Walking II, 1949 Cat by Giacometti, 1954, Metropolitan Museum of Art Woman with Her Throat Cut, a floor sculpture by Giacometti, 1932 (cast 1949), Museum of Modern Art, (New York City) Alberto Giacometti (October 10, 1901 – January 11, 1966) was a Swiss sculptor, painter, draftsman and printmaker. ... René Iché (January 21, 1897, Salleles-dAude, France – December 23, 1954, Paris) was a 20th century French sculptor. ... Reclining Figure (1951) outside the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, is characteristic of Moores sculptures, with an abstract female figure intercut with voids. ... Pablo Ruiz Picasso (October 25, 1881 – April 8, 1973) was a Spanish painter and sculptor. ... The Scottish Colourists were a group of painters from Scotland whose work was not very highly regarded when it was first exhibited in the 1920s and 1930s, but which in the late 20th Century came to have a formative influence on contemporary Scottish art. ... The Vase of Water, 1922 Francis Campbell Boileau Cadell (1883–1937) was a Scottish painter associated with the Scottish Colourists. ... Still life: apples and jar, circa 1912 - 1916, Art Gallery of New South Wales. ... The Beach, Largo, at Low Tide, date unknown, Aberdeen Art Gallery & Museums George Leslie Hunter (7 August 1879 - 6 December 1931), commonly just called Leslie Hunter, was a Scottish painter and one of the artists of the Scottish Colourists school of painting. ... John Duncan Fergusson (1874 - 1961) was a Scottish artist, regarded as one of the major artists of the Scottish Colourists school of painting. ...

After WWII

Black square by Kazimir Malevich Abstract art is now generally understood to mean art that does not depict objects in the natural world, but instead uses colour and form in a non-representational way. ... Jackson Pollock, No. ... Willem de Koonings Woman V (1952-53), National Gallery of Australia Willem de Kooning (April 24, 1904 – March 19, 1997) was an abstract expressionist painter, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands. ... Controversy swirls over the alleged sale of No. ... Adolf W lflis Irren-Anstalt Band-Hain, 1910 Outsider Art was a term coined by art critic Roger Cardinal in 1972 as an English synonym for Art Brut, a term created by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art created by people well outside the boundaries of official art... Portrait of Adolf Wölfli with paper trumpet, 1925 Adolf Wölfli (1864 - 1930) (occasionally spelt Adolf Woelfli or Adolf Wolfli) was a prolific Swiss artist who is regarded as one of the foremost artists in the Art Brut or outsider art traditions. ... The term Arte Povera (Italian for poor art) was introduced by the Italian art critic and curator, Germano Celant, in 1967. ... Luciano Fabro (1936-2007) was an Italian artist associated with the Arte Povera movement. ... Since the early 1950s, Mario Merz has been a powerful force of Italian art throughout the world. ... Color Field is an art movement characterized by canvases being covered entirely by large fields of solid color. ... Barnett Newman (January 29, 1905 – July 4, 1970) was an American artist. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... COBRA (or CoBrA) was a European avant-garde movement active from 1949 to 1952. ... Pierre Alechinsky (October 19, 1927) is a Belgian artist. ... Karel Appel (born April 25, 1921) is a painter, born in Amsterdam. ... Asger Jorn (March 3, 1914 - May 1, 1973) was born in Vejrum, Jutland, Denmark under the name Oluf Jørgensen. ... Dau-al-Set The first Post-War artistic movement founded in Barcelona, Catalonia in 1948 by poet Joan Brossa. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Joan Brossa i Cuervo (Barcelona, 1919 - 1998). ... Antoni Tàpies (born in Barcelona, December 23, 1923) is a Catalan painter. ... Tábara in his studio showing some of his Bocetos. ... Sauras, 24 Cabezas, 1957. ... Geometric abstract art is a form of abstract art based on the use of simple geometric forms placed in non-illusionistic space and combined into non-objective compositions. ... Wassily Kandinsky (Russian: Василий Кандинский, first name pronounced as [vassi:li]) (December 16 [O.S. December 4] 1866 – December 13, 1944) was a Russian painter, printmaker and art theorist. ... Self-portrait, 1933 (detail) Kazimir Severinovich Malevich (Russian: , Polish: , Ukrainian transliteration Malevych, German: ), (February 23, 1879 – May 15, 1935) was a painter and art theoretician, pioneer of geometric abstract art and one of the most important members of the Russian avant-garde. ... Nadir Afonso, photo by wife Laura Afonso Nadir Afonso (born 1920) is a Portuguese geometric abstractionist painter of international recognition. ... The Hard-edge painting style can be considered a subdivision of Post-Painterly Abstraction, which in turn emerged from Color Field painting. ... Ellsworth Kelly (b. ... Kenneth Noland (born April 10, 1924) is an American painter. ... Ronald Davis (a. ... Whirligig Public library, OFallon, Illinois Kinetic art is art that moves, or appears to move. ... George Rickey (1907–July 17, 2002) was an American kinetic sculptor. ... The Spiral Jetty from atop Rozel Point, in mid-April 2005. ... Christo and Jeanne-Claude. ... Detail of Riverlines installed in the lobby of the Hearst Tower (New York City) Richard Long (born June 2, 1945) is an English sculptor, photographer and painter, one of the best known British land artists. ... Smithsons Spiral Jetty set in Great Salt Lake, Utah. ... Les Automatistes were a group of Quebecois artistic dissidents from Montreal, Quebec. ... Claude Gauvreau (August 19, 1925 - July 7, 1971), was a Quebec playwright, poet and polemist born in Montreal. ... La Joute, by Jean-Paul Riopelle Jean-Paul Riopelle (7 October 1923 - 12 March 2002) was a painter and sculptor from Quebec. ... Pierre Gauvreau (born 23 August 1922 in Montreal) is a Québécois painter who has also worked in film and television productions. ... Fernand Leduc (b. ... Jean-Paul Mousseau (January 1, 1927-February 7, 1991) was a student of Paul-Émile Borduas and a member of the Automatist school of Quebec artists. ... Stained-glass window by Marcelle Ferron, at Champ-de-Mars metro station in Montreal Marcelle Ferron (January 29, 1924 – November 19, 2001), a Québécoise painter and stained glass artist, was a major figure in the Quebec contemporary art scene. ... Minimalism describes movements in various forms of art and design, especially visual art and music, where the work is stripped down to its most fundamental features. ... For other persons named Alexander Calder, see Alexander Calder (disambiguation). ... Untitled (Core Piece), 1969 Untitled sculpture from 1990 Donald Clarence Judd (June 3, 1928 - February 12, 1994) was a minimalist artist (a term he stridently disavowed) whose work sought autonomy and clarity for the constructed object and the space created by it, ultimately achieving a rigorously democratic presentation without compositional... Four-Sided Pyramid, created by LeWitt in 1997, stands in the scupture garden of the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C. Sol LeWitt (born 1928 in Hartford, Connecticut) is a conceptual artist and painter. ... Fulcrum 1987, 55 ft high free standing sculpture of Cor-ten steel near Liverpool Street station, London Richard Serra (born 2 November 1939) is an American minimalist sculptor and video artist known for working with large scale assemblies of sheet metal. ... Postminimalism is a term utilized in various artistic fields for work which is influenced by, or attempts to develop, the aesthetic of minimalism. ... Eva Hesse (January 11, 1936 - May 29, 1970), was a German-born American sculptor, known for her pioneering work in materials such as latex, fiberglass, and plastics. ... Bruce Nauman (born December 6, 1941, in Fort Wayne, Indiana) is a contemporary American artist. ... Lyrical Abstraction is an important American abstract art movement that emerged in New York City, Los Angeles, Washington DC and then Toronto and London during the 1960s - 1970s. ... Ronnie Landfield (born January 9, 1947 in The Bronx, New York) is an American abstract painter. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Neo-figurative art describes a expressionist revival in modern form of figurative art. ... Familia (1989) Fernando Botero (born April 19, 1932) is a neo-figurative Colombian artist, self-titled the most Colombian of Colombian artists. ... Delesio Antonio Berni was a neofigurative artist, born in Rosario, province of Santa Fe, Argentina, on 14 May 1905, died on 13 October 1981. ... Neo-expressionism was a style of modern painting that emerged in the late 1970s and dominated the art market until the mid-1980s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article should be translated from material at de:Anselm Kiefer. ... Francesco Clemente (born in Naples in 1952) is an Italian painter. ... Image:Jean1. ... New Realism (in French: Nouveau Réalisme) refers to an artistic movement founded in 1960 by Pierre Restany and Yves Klein. ... Christo and Jeanne-Claude. ... Yves Klein (28 April 1928 - 6 June 1962) was a French artist and is considered an important figure in post-war European neo-Dadaism. ... Pierre Restany (born 24 June 1930, died 29 May 2003), was a French art critic, has incarnated one of the last figures of the militant critic and a passionate supporter of movements of neo-vanguard, a companion of road of young artists, a shining essayist. ... Op art is a term used to described certain paintings made primarily in the 1960s which exploit the fallibilty of the eye through the use of optical illusions. ... Victor Vasarely (Vásárhelyi GyÅ‘zÅ‘) (9 April 1906, Pécs - 15 March 1997, Paris) was a French Hungarian-born artist often acclaimed as the father of Op-art. ... Movement in Squares, 1961. ... Adolf Wölflis Irren-Anstalt Band-Hain, 1910 The term Outsider Art was coined by art critic Roger Cardinal in 1972 as an English synonym for Art Brut (which literally translates as Raw Art or Rough Art), a label created by French artist Jean Dubuffet to describe art created... Photorealism is the genre of painting resembling a photograph, most recently seen in the splinter hyperrealism art movement. ... Chuck Close (born Charles Thomas Close July 5, 1940, Monroe, Wisconsin) is an American photorealistic painter and photographer. ... Duane Hanson (January 17, 1925 - January 6, 1996) was an American post-modern sculptor known for his life-sized photorealistic works of humans, cast in various materials, including polyester resin, fiberglass, even Bondo®. Later works, starting in the mid-1980s, were cast in bronze. ... George Grie 2005 Flying-Dutchman 2006 The Sand Castle 2006 Shiva the Destroyer 2006 Mermaid Syndrom 2006 George Grie (born in May 14, 1962) is a Canadian digital neo-surrealist artist. ... Just What Is It That Makes Today’s Homes So Different, So Appealing? (1956) is one of the earliest works to be considered pop art. ... Just What Is It that Makes Todays Homes So Different, So Appealing? 1956 Richard Hamilton (born February 24, 1922) is an English painter and collage artist. ... Harings Radiant Baby Keith Haring (May 4, 1958 - February 16, 1990) was a pre-eminent artist and social activist whose work responded to the New York street culture of the 1980s. ... We Two Boys Together Clinging, 1961. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Jasper Johnss Map, 1961 Jasper Johnss Flag, Encaustic, oil and collage on fabric mounted on plywood,1954-55 Detail of Flag (1954-55). ... Roy Fox Lichtenstein (27 October 1923 – 29 September 1997) was a prominent American pop artist, whose work borrowed heavily from popular advertising and comic book styles, which he himself described as being as artificial as possible. // Roy Lichtenstein was born on 27 October 1923 into an upper-middle-class family... Robert Rauschenberg, Canyon, 1959. ... Andy Warhol (August 6, 1928 — February 22, 1987) was an American artist who became a central figure in the movement known as pop art. ... Francis Bacon (28 October 1909 – 28 April 1992) was an Irish figurative painter. ... Jean Philippe Arthur Dubuffet (July 31, 1901 - May 12, 1985) was a French artist. ... Three Men Walking II, 1949 Cat by Giacometti, 1954, Metropolitan Museum of Art Woman with Her Throat Cut, a floor sculpture by Giacometti, 1932 (cast 1949), Museum of Modern Art, (New York City) Alberto Giacometti (October 10, 1901 – January 11, 1966) was a Swiss sculptor, painter, draftsman and printmaker. ... René Iché (January 21, 1897, Salleles-dAude, France – December 23, 1954, Paris) was a 20th century French sculptor. ... Marino Marini (1901- 1980) was a twentieth-century Italian sculptor. ... Reclining Figure (1951) outside the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, is characteristic of Moores sculptures, with an abstract female figure intercut with voids. ... Shaped canvas paintings are done on canvas in a shape other than the traditional rectangle. ... Frank Stella Harran II 1967 Frank Stella La scienza della pigrizia (The Science of Laziness) 1984, oil, enamel and alkyd paint on canvas, etched magnesium, aluminum and fiberglass, National Gallery of Art Washington DC Frank Stella (born May 12, 1936) is an American painter and printmaker. ... The term Soviet art refers to visual art produced in the former Soviet Union. ... Alexander Deyneka Battle of Sevastopol Alexander Alexandrovich Deyneka (Russian: Александр Александрович Дейнека; May 20, 1899, Kursk - June 12, 1969, Moscow) was a Russian painter, graphic artist and sculptor. ... Gerasimovs famous Lenin on the tribune, 1929-1930. ... It has been suggested that Kabakov be merged into this article or section. ... Komar and Melamid is an artistic team made up of Russian graphic artists Vitaly Komar (born 1943) and Alexander Melamid (born 1945). ...

Important Modern art exhibitions and museums

For a comprehensive list see Museums of modern art.

Listed alphabetically by Country England Annely Juda, 23 Derring Street, London. ... Alternative meanings: Boston (disambiguation) The 18th_century Old State House in Boston is surrounded by tall buildings of the 19th and 20th centuries. ... view from Elmwood Avenue The Albright-Knox Art Gallery is a major showplace for modern art and contemporary art located in Buffalo, New York. ... See Buffalo for other places with this name. ... Centre Georges Poopy Doo Doo (constructed 1971–1977 and known as the Pompidou Centre in English) is a complex in the Beaubourg area of the IVe arrondissement of Paris, near Les Halles and the Marais. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Fluctuat nec mergitur (Latin: Tossed by the waves, she does not sink) The Eiffel Tower in Paris, as seen from the esplanade du Trocadéro. ... from documenta 6 documenta is one of the world‘s most important exhibitions of modern and contemporary art which now takes place every five years in Kassel, Germany. ... This article is about the city of Kassel in Hessen, Germany. ... The Guggenheim Museum refers to any of several museums worldwide created and run by the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... La Muy Noble y Muy Leal e Invicta (The most noble and most loyal and undefeated) Location Location of Bilbao in Spain and Biscay Coordinates : 43,15° n. ... For further information, see Las Vegas metropolitan area and Las Vegas Strip. ... NY redirects here. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia, Latin: Venetia) is a city in northern Italy, the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,251 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... Founded in 1905 as the Atlanta Art Association, the High Museum of Art is the leading art museum in southeast USA, based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... Moderna museet, the Museum of Modern Art, Stockholm, Sweden, is a state museum located on the island of Skeppsholmen in central Stockholm, that was first opened in 1958. ... Nickname: Location of Stockholm in northern Europe Coordinates: , Country Sweden Municipality Stockholm Municipality County Stockholm Province Södermanland and Uppland Charter 13th century Government  - Mayor Kristina Axén Olin (m) Population (March 2007)  - City 786,509  - Density 4,160/km² (10,774. ... Museum of Anthropology and Contemporary Art (MAAC), near the breakwater. ... This article is about the city of Guayaquil. ... The Museo de Arte Moderno or National Museum of Modern Art is located in Chapultepec Park, Mexico City, D.F., Mexico. ... The Mexican Federal District, known in Spanish as Distrito Federal (D.F.), is an area within Mexico that is not part of any of the Mexican states, but an independent self-governing city-state and the seat of the Federal Government. ... The main entrance The Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía (MNCARS) is the official name Spains national museum of 20th century art (informally shortened to the Museo Reina Sofía, Queen Sofia Museum, or simply The Sofia). ... Motto: (Spanish for From Madrid to Heaven) Location Coordinates: , Country Spain Autonomous Community Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid Province Madrid Administrative Divisions 21 Neighborhoods 127 Founded 9th century Government  - Mayor Alberto Ruiz-Gallardón Jimémez (PP) Area  - Land 607 km² (234. ... Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art The Barcelona Museum of Contemporary Art (Museu dArt Contemporani de Barcelona, or MACBA) is situated in the Plaça dels Angels, Barcelona. ... Location Coordinates : Time Zone : CET (GMT +1) - summer: CEST (GMT +2) General information Native name Barcelona (Catalan) Spanish name Barcelona Nickname Ciutat Comtal (City of Counts) Postal code 08001–08080 Area code 34 (Spain) + 93 (Barcelona) Website http://www. ... Museum Ludwig at night The Museum Ludwig is one of the most important museums in Cologne, Germany. ... For other uses, see Cologne (disambiguation). ... View across garden, in new MoMA building by Yoshio Taniguchi. ... NY redirects here. ... The Pinakothek der Moderne is a modern art museum, situated in the city centre of Munich, Germany. ... For other uses, see Munich (disambiguation). ... San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (2004). ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... The Stedelijk Museum (lit. ... It has been suggested that Mokum be merged into this article or section. ... SMAK was formed 1971. ... gent is a morpheme, see contingent, agent, short for gentleman Native spelling for the Belgian city of Ghent This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Tate Modern from the Millennium Bridge Tate Modern from St Pauls Cathedral. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... The Venice Biennale (Italian: Biennale di Venezia) is a major contemporary art exhibition that takes places once every two years in Venice, Italy. ... Venice (Italian: Venezia, Venetian: Venezsia, Latin: Venetia) is a city in northern Italy, the capital of region Veneto, and has a population of 271,251 (census estimate January 1, 2004). ... One of the most celebrated art museums in the country, the Walker Art Center is known for commissioning and presenting innovative contemporary art; fostering the cross-pollination of the visual, performing, and media arts; and engaging diverse audiences in the excitement of the creative process. ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... Night view of Whitney Museum of American Art The Whitney Museum of American Art is an art gallery and museum in New York City founded in 1931 by Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney. ... NY redirects here. ...

See also

An art period is a phase in the development of the work of an artist, groups of artists or art movement. ... Modern architecture, not to be confused with contemporary architecture, is a term given to a number of building styles with similar characteristics, primarily the simplification of form and the elimination of ornament. ... For Christian theological modernism, see Liberal Christianity and Modernism (Roman Catholicism). ... The term Postmodernism (sometimes abbreviated Pomo[1]) was coined in 1949 to describe a dissatisfaction with modern architecture, founding the postmodern architecture. ... This is a list of modern artists: important artists who have played a role in the history of modern art, dating from the late 19th century until (approximately) the 1970s. ... The Art manifesto has been a recurrent feature associated with the avant-garde in Modernism. ... Art Brut are an English indie rock band. ...

External links

  • Scientific inquiry in modern art
Western art movements
Renaissance · Mannerism · Baroque · Rococo · Neoclassicism · Romanticism · Realism · Pre-Raphaelite · Academic · Impressionism · Post-Impressionism
20th century
Modernism · Cubism · Expressionism · Abstract expressionism · Abstract · Neue Künstlervereinigung München · Der Blaue Reiter · Die Brücke · Dada · Fauvism · Art Nouveau · Bauhaus · De Stijl · Art Deco · Pop art · Futurism · Suprematism · Surrealism · Color Field · Minimalism · Lyrical Abstraction · Post-Modernism · Conceptual art

 
 

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