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Encyclopedia > Modena
Comune di Modena

Municipal coat of arms
Location of Modena in Italy
Country Flag of Italy Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province Modena (MO)
Mayor Giorgio Pighi
Elevation 34 m (112 ft)
Area 182 km² (70 sq mi)
Population (as of August 31, 2005)
 - Total 180,638
 - Density 993/km² (2,572/sq mi)
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 44°39′N, 10°56′E
Gentilic Modenesi
Dialing code 059
Postal code 41100
Frazioni Albareto, Baggiovara, Ca' Fusara, Cognento, Cittanova, Collegara, Ganaceto, Lesignana, Marzaglia, Navicello, Portile, San Damaso, San Donnino, Tre Olmi, Villanova
Patron San Geminiano
 - Day January 31
Website: www.comune.modena.it

Modena (IPA[ˈmɔːdena]; Mòdna in Modenese dialect) is a city and a comune (municipality) on the south side of the Po valley, in the Province of Modena in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. Modena can mean several things, including: Geography Duchy of Modena and Reggio El Modena, California Modena, Italy Modena, Missouri Modena, Pennsylvania Modena Modena, Wisconsin Province of Modena, Italy Transportation Ferrari 360 Modena, a model of the Ferrari 360 Modenas, a Malaysian motorcycle company Sports Modena F.C., a football club... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 448 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,712 × 2,288 pixels, file size: 708 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Regions_of_Italy. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... In Italy, a province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of intermediate level between municipality (comune) and region (regione). ... Modena (It. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... Saint Geminianus, from pentaptych by Simone Martini (c. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... The Padan Plain (Pianura Padana in Italian) is a major geographical feature of Italy. ... Modena (It. ... Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ...


An ancient town, it is the seat of an archbishop, but is now best known as "the capital of engines", since the factories of the famous Italian sports car makers Ferrari, De Tomaso, Lamborghini, Pagani and Maserati are located here and all, except Lamborghini, have headquarters in the city or nearby. Lamborghini is headquartered not far away in a small village (Sant'Agata Bolognese) in the adjacent Province of Bologna. In Christianity, an archbishop is an elevated bishop. ... 1963 Jaguar E-Type, a classic sports car 1963 Chevrolet Corvette was based upon European sports cars A sports car is an automobile designed for performance driving. ... This article is about the automobile manufacturer. ... De Tomaso Logo De Tomaso Pantera, once owned by Elvis Presley. ... For other uses, see Lamborghini (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Italian automobile manifacturer. ... This article is about the automobile manufacturer. ... Bologna (Italian: Provincia di Bologna) is a province in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. ...


The University of Modena, founded in 1175 and expanded by Francesco II d'Este in 1686, has traditional strengths in medicine and law. Italian officers are trained at the Italian Military Academy, located in Modena, and partly housed in the Baroque ducal palace. The Biblioteca Estense houses historical volumes and 3,000 manuscripts. The University of Modena and Reggio Emilia (Italian: Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia), located in Modena and Reggio Emilia, Emilia-Romagna, Italy, is one of the oldest universities in Italy, founded in 1175, with a population of more than 16,000 students. ... Francesco II dEste (1660-1694) was Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1662 to 1694. ...


Modena is well known in culinary circles for its production of balsamic vinegar. Three desserts in Modena with balsamic vinegar: clockwise from left, panna cotta, zabaglione, and crème caramel. ...


Famous Modenesi include Mary of Modena, the Queen consort of England; operatic tenor Luciano Pavarotti (1935-2007) and soprano Mirella Freni , born in Modena itself; the Catholic Priest and Senior Exorcist of Vatican Fr. Gabriele Amorth; and the rock singer Vasco Rossi who was born in Zocca, one of the 47 comuni in the Province of Modena. Mary of Modena (October 5, 1658 – May 7, 1718) was the queen consort of King James II of England. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Luciano Pavarotti performing on June 15, 2002 at a concert in the Stade Vélodrome in Marseille Luciano Pavarotti, Cavaliere di Gran Croce OMRI[1] (October 12, 1935 – September 6, 2007) was a celebrated Italian tenor in operatic music, who successfully crossed into popular music becoming one of the most... Mirella Freni Mirella Freni (born 27 February 1935) is a famous Italian opera soprano much admired for the youthful quality of her voice and her acting skills. ... Fr. ... Vasco Rossi (born February 7, 1952 in Zocca, Italy) is one of the best-known musicians and songwriters in Italy. ... Zocca is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 45 km southwest of Bologna and about 35 km south of Modena. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Modena (It. ...

Contents

Geography

Modena lies on the Pianura Padana, and is bounded by the two rivers Secchia and Panaro, both affluents of the Po River. Their presence is symbolized by the Two Rivers Fountain in the city's center, by Giuseppe Graziosi. The city is connected to the Panaro by the Naviglio channel. The Po (Latin: Padus, Italian: Po) is a river that flows 652 kilometers (405 miles) eastward across northern Italy, from Monviso (in the Cottian Alps) to the Adriatic Sea near Venice. ... The Secchia is an Italian river. ... Bridge of Olina Panaro is an Italian river. ... The Po (Latin: Padus, Italian: Po) is a river that flows 652 kilometers (405 miles) eastward across northern Italy, from Monviso (in the Cottian Alps) to the Adriatic Sea near Venice. ...


The Apennines ranges begin some 10 km from the city, to the south.


The commune is divided into four circoscrizioni. These are:

  • Centro storico (Historical Center, San Cataldo)
  • Crocetta (San Lazzaro-East Modena, Crocetta)
  • Buon Pastore (Buon Pastore,Sant'Agnese, San Damaso)
  • San Faustino (S.Faustino-Saliceta San Giuliano, Madonnina-Quattro Ville)

Under the Köppen climate classification Modena is usually classified as having a Humid subtropical climate (Cfa). It experiences hot, humid summers with little rainfall and cold, damp winters. Köppen climate classification The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ... The humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) is a climate zone characterized by hot, humid summers and chilly to mild winters. ...


History

Ancient times

The territory around Modena (Roman Mutina, Etruscan Muoina) was inhabited by the Villanovans in the Iron Age, and later by Ligurian tribes, Etruscans, and the Gaulish Boii (the settlement itself being Etruscan). Although the exact date of its foundation is unknown, it is known that it was already in existence in the 3rd century BC, for in 218 BC, during Hannibal's invasion of Italy, the Boii revolted and laid siege to the city. Livy described it as a fortified citadel where Roman magistrates took shelter. The outcome of the siege is not known, but the city was most likely abandoned after Hannibal's arrival. Mutina was refounded as a Roman colony in 183 BC, to be used as a military base by Marcus Aemilius Lepidus, causing the Ligurians to sack it in 177 BC. Nonetheless, it was rebuilt, and quickly became the most important centre in Cisalpine Gaul, both because of its strategic importance and because it was on an important crossroads between Via Aemilia and the road going to Verona. The Villanovans were a pre-Indo-European iron age people of northern Italy circa 1100-700 BC. They were followed by the Etruscans who may have evolved from them. ... Iron Age Axe found on Gotland This article is about the archaeological period known as the Iron Age, for the mythological Iron Age see Iron Age (mythology). ... Ligurian may mean one of several things: Pertaining to the ancient Ligures Pertaining to modern Liguria Ligurian language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The Etruscan civilization existed in Etruria and the Po valley in the northern part of what is now Italy, prior to the formation of the Roman Republic. ... Gaulish is name given to the now-extinct Celtic language that was spoken in Gaul before the Romans, the Franks and the British Celts invaded. ... Boii (Latin plural, singular Boius; Greek Βοιοι) is the Roman name of an ancient Celtic tribe, attested at various times in Transalpine Gaul (modern France) and Cisalpine Gaul (northern Italy), as well as in Pannonia (today Western Hungary), Bohemia, Moravia and western Slovakia and also Transylvania (from 1st century to 18... For other uses, see Hannibal (disambiguation). ... A portrait of Titus Livius made long after his death. ... Marcus Aemilius Lepidus was a common name for several successive generations of a family in ancient Rome: Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (187 BC) Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (120-77 BC) Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (triumvir) (49 BC) Lepidus the Younger Marcus Aemilius Lepidus (consul AD 6) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational... Ligurian may mean one of several things: Pertaining to the ancient Ligures Pertaining to modern Liguria Ligurian language This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Map with location of Cisalpine Gaul This article is about the Roman province. ... Via Aemilia (It. ... This article is about the city in Italy. ...

Panoramic Photo of Piazza Grande.
Panoramic Photo of Piazza Grande.

In the 1st century BC Mutina was besieged twice. The first siege was by Pompey in 78 BC, when Mutina was defended by Marcus Junius Brutus (a populist leader, not to be confused with his son, Caesar's most well known assassin). The city eventually surrendered out of hunger, and Brutus fled, only to be slain in Regium Lepidi. In the following civil war after Caesar's assassination the city was besieged once again, this time by Mark Antony, in 44 BC, and defended by Decimus Junius Brutus. Octavian relieved the city with the help of the Senate. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 201 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,991 × 753 pixels, file size: 649 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 201 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,991 × 753 pixels, file size: 649 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... For the Association football club based in Portsmouth, England also known as Pompey, see Portsmouth F.C.. For other meanings see Pompey (disambiguation). ... Country Italy Region Emilia-Romagna Province Reggio Emilia (RE) Mayor Graziano Delrio (from July 1, 2004) Elevation 58 m Area 231 km² Population  - Total 141,383  - Density 612/km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates Gentilic Reggiani Dialing code 0522 Postal code 42100 Frazioni see list Patron San Prospero  - Day... Bust of Mark Antony Marcus Antonius (Latin: M·ANTONIVS·M·F·M·N[1]) ( January 14 83 BC – August 1, 30 BC), known in English as Mark Antony, was a Roman politician and general. ... Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus (died 43 BC) was a Roman politician and general of the 1st century BC and one of Julius Caesars assassins. ... For other persons named Octavian, see Octavian (disambiguation). ...


Cicero defined it Mutina splendidissima ("most beautiful Mutina") in his Philippics (44 BC). Until the 3rd century AD it kept its position as the most important city in the newly formed Aemilia, but the fall of the Empire brought Mutina down with it, as it was used as a military base both against the barbarians and in the civil wars. It is said that Mutina was never sacked by Attila, for a dense fog hid it (a miracle said to be provided by Saint Geminianus, bishop and patron of Modena), but it was eventually buried by a great flood in the 7th century and abandoned. For other uses, see Cicero (disambiguation). ... 159 Aemilia is a large Main belt asteroid. ... Saint Geminianus from pentaptych by Simone Martini (c. ...

East end of the Romanesque Duomo with the Ghirlandina Tower
East end of the Romanesque Duomo with the Ghirlandina Tower

Download high resolution version (480x640, 30 KB)Modena - The Cathedral I took this picture on Christmas 2003 Bergonzc 21:12, 26 Apr 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (480x640, 30 KB)Modena - The Cathedral I took this picture on Christmas 2003 Bergonzc 21:12, 26 Apr 2004 (UTC) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Middle Ages

Its exiles founded a new city a few miles to the northwest, still represented by the village of Cittanova (literally "new city"). About the end of the 9th century, Modena was restored and refortified by its bishop, Ludovicus. Later the city was part of the possessions of the Countess Matilda of Tuscany, becoming a free commune starting from the 12th century. In the wars between Emperor Frederick II and Pope Gregory IX Modena sided with the emperor. Cittanova is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Reggio Calabria in the Italian region Calabria, located about 80 km southwest of Catanzaro and about 45 km northeast of Reggio Calabria. ... Matilda of Tuscany from (1115) Matilda, countess of Tuscany (1046 – July 24, 1115), called La Gran Contessa, was the principal Italian supporter of Pope Gregory VII during the investiture controversy, and is one of the few medieval women to be remembered for her military accomplishments. ... Defensive towers at San Gimignano, Tuscany, bear witness to the factional strife within communes. ... Frederick II (December 26, 1194 – December 13, 1250), of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, was a pretender to the title of King of the Romans from 1212 and unopposed holder of that monarchy from 1215. ... Pope Gregory IX, born Ugolino dei Conti, was pope from 1227 to August 22, 1241. ...


The Este family were identified as lords of Modena from 1288 (Obizzo d'Este). After the death of Obizzo's successor (Azzo VIII, in 1308) the commune reasserted itself, but by 1336 the Este family was permanently in power. Under Borso d'Este Modena was made a duchy. Ercole I dEste was one of the most important patrons of arts in the Italian Renaissance. ... Ercole I dEste was one of the most important patrons of arts in the Italian Renaissance. ...


Modern age

Enlarged and fortified by Ercole II, it was made the primary ducal residence when Ferrara, the main Este seat, fell to the Pope in 1598. Francesco I d'Este (1629-1658) built the citadel and began the palace, which was largely embellished by Francesco II. In the 18th century, Rinaldo d'Este was twice driven from his city by French invasions, and Francesco III built many of Modena's public buildings, but the Este pictures were sold and many of them wound up in Dresden. Ercole III died in exile at Treviso, having refused Napoleonic offers of compensation when Modena was made part of the Napoleonic Cispadane Republic. His only daughter, Maria Beatrice d'Este, married Ferdinand of Austria, son of Maria Theresa, and in 1814 their eldest son, Francesco IV, received back the estates of the Este. Quickly, in 1816, he dismantled the fortifications that might well have been used against him and began Modena's years under Austrian rule, reactionary and despotic, using the Austrian army to put down a rebellion in 1830. His equally reactionary son, Francesco V, was temporarily expelled from Modena in the European Revolution of 1848, but was restored by Austrian troops. Ten years later, on August 20, 1859, the representatives of Modena declared their territory part of the Kingdom of Italy, a decision that was confirmed by the plebiscite of 1860. Ferrara is a city in Emilia-Romagna, Italy, capital city of the province of Ferrara. ... Rinaldo dEste (April 26, 1655 - October 26, 1737) was Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1695 until his death. ... Francis III, Duke of Modena. ... ... Flag of the Repubblica Cispadana The Cispadane Republic (Italian: Repubblica Cispadana) was a short-lived republic located in Northern Italy, founded in 1796 with the protection of the French army, led by Napoleon Bonaparte. ... Not to be confused with Maria Theresa of Austria (1816-1867). ... Francis IV of Modena with the Austrian Golden Fleece. ... Francis V, Duke of Modena. ... —Alexis de Tocqueville, Recollections The European Revolutions of 1848, in some countries known as the Spring of Nations, were the bloody consequences of a variety of changes that had been taking place in Europe in the first half of the 19th century. ... is the 232nd day of the year (233rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1859 (MDCCCLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Italian unification, also known as Risorgimento (resurrection), was a historical process by which the Kingdom of Sardinia (ruled by the Savoy dynasty with Turin as its capital) gradually conquered the Italian peninsula, including the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the Duchy of Modena, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, the Duchy...

Façade of the Cathedral.
Façade of the Cathedral.
Interior of the Cathedral.
Interior of the Cathedral.
Piazza Grande, with the Cathedral and the Communal Palace.
Piazza Grande, with the Cathedral and the Communal Palace.
The Baroque Ducal Palace (now a military academy).
The Baroque Ducal Palace (now a military academy).

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1109x1507, 788 KB) G.C. Argan, Storia dellArte, 1981 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1109x1507, 788 KB) G.C. Argan, Storia dellArte, 1981 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 505 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,600 × 1,200 pixels, file size: 505 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (851x385, 90 KB) Summary The baroque Ducal Palace in en:Modena, site of a major Italian military academy. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (851x385, 90 KB) Summary The baroque Ducal Palace in en:Modena, site of a major Italian military academy. ...

Main sights

The Cathedral and the Ghirlandina

The Cathedral of Modena and the annexed campanile are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Begun under the direction of the Countess Matilda of Tuscany with its first stone laid June 6, 1099 and its crypt ready for the city's patron, Saint Geminianus, and consecrated only six years later, the Duomo of Modena was finished in 1184. The building of a great cathedral in this flood-prone ravaged former center of Arianism was an act of urban renewal in itself, and an expression of the flood of piety that motivated the contemporary First Crusade. Unusually, the master builder's name, Lanfranco, was celebrated in his own day: the city's chronicler expressed the popular confidence in the master-mason from Como, Lanfranco: by God's mercy the man was found (inventus est vir). The sculptor Wiligelmus who directed the mason's yard was praised in the plaque that commemorated the founding. The program of the sculpture is not lost in a welter of detail: the wild dangerous universe of the exterior is mediated by the Biblical figures of the portals leading to the Christian world of the interior. In Wiligelmus' sculpure at Modena, the human body takes on a renewed physicality it had lost in the schematic symbolic figures of previous centuries. At the east end, triple apses express the articulation into nave and wide aisles in bold and clear masses. Modena's Duomo inspired campaigns of cathedral and abbey building in emulation through the valley of the Po. The Cathedrals façade The Duomo (Cathedral) of Modena, in Italy, is one of the most outstanding Romanesque building of Europe and has been included in the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. ... Org type Specialized Agency Acronyms UNESCO Head Director General of UNESCO Koïchiro Matsuura Japan Status Active Established 1945 Website www. ... A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a specific site (such as a forest, mountain, lake, desert, monument, building, complex, or city) that has been nominated and confirmed for inclusion on the list maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 State... Matilda of Tuscany from (1115) Matilda, countess of Tuscany (1046 – July 24, 1115), called La Gran Contessa, was the principal Italian supporter of Pope Gregory VII during the investiture controversy, and is one of the few medieval women to be remembered for her military accomplishments. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1099 also refers to a United States tax form used for, among other purposes, reporting payments made to independent Contractors. ... Saint Geminianus from pentaptych by Simone Martini (c. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Athanasius · Augustine · Constantine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas Arminius · Calvin · Luther · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box... Urban Renewal redirects here. ... Belligerents Christendom: Holy Roman Empire Genoa Lower Lorraine Provence Kingdom of France Blois Boulogne Flanders Le Puy-en-Velay Vermandois Kingdom of England Normandy Duchy of Apulia Taranto Byzantine Empire Kingdom of Cilicia Saracen: Great Seljuq Empire Danishmends Fatimids Almoravids Abbasids Commanders Guglielmo Embriaco Godfrey of Bouillon Raymond IV Stephen... For other uses, see Como (disambiguation). ... This article is about an architectural feature; for the astronomical term see apsis. ... PO may stand for: Pareto optimality Parole Officer Per os, Latin for by mouth or orally Perfect Orange a third wave ska based in Knoxville, TN from 2002-2005 Petty Officer, a Non-Commissioned Officer Rank in many Navies Pilkington Optronics, now Thales Optronics Pilot Officer, a junior commissioned rank...


The Gothic campanile (1224-1319) is called Torre della Ghirlandina from the bronze garland surrounding the weathercock. The western facade of Reims Cathedral, France. ... A campanile (pronounced []) is, especially in Italy, a free-standing bell tower (Italian campana, bell), often adjacent to a church or cathedral. ... The Torre della Ghirlandina or Torre Civica is the bell tower of the Cathedral of Modena, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ...


Ducal Palace

The Ducal Palace, begun by Francesco I d'Este in 1634, and finished by Francis V, was the seat of the Este court from the 17-19th century. The palace occupies the site of the former Este Castle, once located in the periphery of the city. Although generally credited to Bartolomeo Avanzini, it has been suggested that advice and guidance in the design process had been sought from the contemporary luminaries, Cortona, Bernini, and Borromini. Francesco I dEste. ... Francis V, Duke of Modena. ... Bartolomeo Avanzini (1608-1658) was an Italian architect of the Baroque period, active mainly in Modena, Sassuolo and Reggio Emilia. ... Pietro da Cortona, byname of Pietro Berettini (November 1, 1596- May 16, 1669) was a prolific artist and architect of High Baroque. ... Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini (Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini; December 7, 1598 – November 28, 1680) was a pre-eminent Baroque sculptor and architect of 17th century Rome. ... Francesco Borromini (September 25, 1599 – August 3, 1667 in Rome) was a prominent and influential Baroque architect, and active in Rome and contemporary with the prolific papal architect and often rival, Gian Lorenzo Bernini. ...


The Palace currently houses the Accademia Militare di Modena, the Military Museum and a precious Library.


The Palace has a Baroque façade from which the Honour Court, where the military ceremonies are held, and the Honour Staircase can be accessed. The Central Hall has a frescoed ceiling with the 17th century Incoronation of Bradamante by Marco Antonio Franceschini. The Salottino d'Oro ("Golden Hall"), covered with gilted removable panels, was used by Duke Francis III as his main cabinet of work. Marcantonio Franceschini (1648 - 1729) was an Italian painter of the Baroque period, active mostly in Bologna. ...


Communal Palace

Facing the Piazza Grande (part of UNESCO World Heritage), the Communal Palace was made up in the 17th-18th centuries of the several pre-existing edifices built starting from 1046 as communal offices. It is currently the Town Hall of Modena.


It is characterized by a Watchtower (Torre dell'Orologio, late 15th century), once paired by another tower (Torre Civica) demolished after an earthquake in 1671. In the interior, noteworthy is the Sala del Fuoco ("Fire Hall"), with a painted frieze by Niccolò dell'Abate (1546) portraying famous characters from Ancient Rome over a typically background of Emilia. The Camerino dei Confirmati ("Confirmed's Chamber") houses one of the symbol of the city, the Secchia Rapita, a bucket kept as a memory of the victorious Battle of Zappolino (1325) against Bologna. This relic inspired the omonymous poem by Alessandro Tassoni. Also a memory of the Middle Ages Modena are the Preda Ringadora, a rectangular marble stone next to the portico of the palace, used as oratorial platform, and the statue called La Bonissima ("The Very Good"): the latter, portraying a feminine figure, was erected in the square in 1268 and later moved over the portico. The Battle of Zappolino was fought in 1325 between the towns of Bologna and Modena. ... For other uses, see Bologna (disambiguation). ... The life Alessandro Tassoni (Modena 1565 – Modena 1635) was an Italian poet and writer. ...


Museum Palace

The Palace Museum, on the St. Augustine square, is an example of civil architecture from the Este, built as the Poors' Hostel together with the nearby Hospital in the late 18th century. Today it houses the main museums of Modena:

Tintoretto (real name Jacopo Comin; September 29, 1518 - May 31, 1594) was one of the greatest painters of the Venetian school and probably the last great painter of the Italian Renaissance. ... The Feast in the House of Levi (1573), one of the largest canvases of the 16th century. ... Autoportrait Abduction of Deianira, 1620-21 Guido Reni (November 4, 1575, Calvenzano di Vergato, near Bologna - August 18, 1642, Bologna) was a prominent Italian painter of high-Baroque style. ... Correggio is the name of a town in Italy and of a famous painter who was born there. ... An Allegorical Figure of Calliope, c. ... There are several people with the name Carracci. ... Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini (Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini; December 7, 1598 – November 28, 1680) was a pre-eminent Baroque sculptor and architect of 17th century Rome. ... Las Meninas, painted in 1656. ... Italian unification, also known as Risorgimento (resurrection), was a historical process by which the Kingdom of Sardinia (ruled by the Savoy dynasty with Turin as its capital) gradually conquered the Italian peninsula, including the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, the Duchy of Modena, the Grand Duchy of Tuscany, the Duchy...

Other churches

  • San Vincenzo was erected in the 17th century over a church known from the 13th century. The works were begun by Paolo Reggiano, who was followed by Bernardo Castagnini, probably helped by the young Guarino Guarini. The interior contains frescoes by Sigismondo Caula portraying episodes of the life of Saint Vincent and Saint Cajetan. The dome was destroyed during World War II. This church houses the funerary monuments of the Este Dukes.
  • Santa Maria della Pomposa (also known as Aedes Muratoriana) is probably the most ancient religious edifice, being mentioned as early as 1135. Little remains of the original Middle Ages temple can be seen. The church is mainly linked to Ludovico Antonio Muratori, who was its parish priest from 1716 to 1750 and rebuilt it almost from scratch.
  • The church of San Giovanni Decollato ("St. John Baptist Beheaded") was built in the 16th century over a pre-existing temple dedicated to St. Michael, and modified in the 18th century.
  • The church of St. Augustine was built in the 14th century, but largely renovated for the funerals of Alfonso IV d'Este in 1663. The sober original structure has now 17th stuccoes and a panelled ceiling. The most notable artwork is the Deposition (1476) by the Modenese Antonio Begarelli, once in the church of St. John the Baptist. Traces of a 14th century fresco by Tommaso da Modena can still be seen.
  • The church of St. Francis was built by the Franciscans from 1244, and finished after more than two centuries. A sober Gothic-style edifice, it houses one of Begarelli's masterworks, a Deposition of Christ made up of thirteen statues.
Modena Synagogue
Modena Synagogue
  • The church of St. Peter was erected, according to tradition, over the temple of Jupiter Capitulinus. The current edifice is from 1476, built next to a Benedictine abbey founded in 996 oustide the city walls, and is one of the few Renaissance architecture in Modena. The interior has a precious 15th century organ and numerous terracotta works by Begarelli. The campanile is from 1629.
  • The church of St. George is also known as the Sanctuary of the Blessed Virgin Helper of the Modenese People, who boasts a venerated image over the high altar. The latter is a work in polychrome marbles by Antonio Loraghi (1666). The church has a Greek plan and was constructed from 1647.

Camillo-Guarino Guarini (1624 - 1683), Italian monk, writer and architect, was born at Modena. ... For the cardinal, see Thomas Cardinal Cajetan. ... Ludovico Antonio Muratori (1672 - 1750) was an Italian historian, notable as a leading scholar of his age, and for his discovery of the Muratorian fragment, the earliest known list of New Testament books. ... Alfonso IV dEste, by Justus Sustermans Alfonso IV dEste (1634 - July 16, 1662) was Duke of Modena and Reggio from 1658 until his death. ... Tommaso da Modena was an Italian painter of the mid-14th century, who trained in Venice, but also worked for Emperor Charles IV in Prague. ... The Order of Friars Minor and other Franciscan movements are disciples of Saint Francis of Assisi. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 401 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,232 × 1,840 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 401 × 599 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,232 × 1,840 pixels, file size: 1. ...

Synagogue

  • The Synagogue, next to the Palazzo Comunale, was built from 1873 by the Jewish Community of Modena in Lombardesque style.

Other points of interest

The Orto Botanico dellUniversità di Modena e Reggio Emilia, also known as the Orto Botanico di Modena or formerly Hortus Botanicus Mutinensis, is a botanical garden operated by the University of Modena and Reggio Emilia. ... Inside the United States Botanic Garden Washington, D.C. Botanical gardens grow a wide variety of plants primarily categorized and documented for scientific purposes. ...

Culture

Teatro Comunale Modena

See Teatro Comunale Modena, Modena's opera house which dates from 1841, for full article

The Teatro Comunale Modena (Community Theatre of Modena) is an opera house in the town of Modena, (Emilia-Romagna province), Italy. ...

Sport

Modena has a strong sport tradition, linked mainly to motor racing as the birthplace of Enzo Ferrari, founder of the eponymous motor racing team and car manufacturer which is based nearby in Maranello. The Ferrari 360 Modena was named after the city. Indeed, Modena is known as the World's 'Supercar Capital', being the nearest large town to the homes of Maserati, Lamborghini, Pagani and previously also Bugatti and De Tomaso. The city's football club, Modena F.C., plays in Serie B, the Italian second division. Volleyball plays an important role in Modena's sport history, with Panini Modena club having won 11 National championships, 4 Champion's League seasons and a handful of other trophies. Auto racing (also known as automobile racing or autosport) is a sport involving racing automobiles. ... For the automobile named after this man, see Enzo Ferrari (car). ... Ferrari 360 was the name given to three models of Ferrari cars: the Ferrari 360 Modena, an enclosed two-door coupe; the Ferrari 360 Spider, a two-door convertible; and the Ferrari Challenge Stradale, the bare-bones version of the 360 Modena. ... For other uses, see Lamborghini (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Italian automobile manifacturer. ... , This article is about the original Bugatti car company, founded in 1909. ... De Tomaso Logo De Tomaso Pantera, once owned by Elvis Presley. ... Modena F.C. is a football club based in Modena, Emilia-Romagna. ... Serie B is the name of the second highest football league in Italy. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... Club Name Pallavolo Modena Image Foundation October 21, 1975 Arena PalaPanini Modena Italy. ...


Twinnings

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Image File history File links Flag_of_Austria. ... For the town in Germany, see Linz am Rhein. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Londrina is a city located in the northern region of the state of the Paraná, Brazil, and is the 369 km away from the capital, Curitiba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... For other uses, see Novi Sad (disambiguation). ... Anthem:  Serbia() on the European continent()  —  [] Capital (and largest city) Belgrade Official languages Serbian Recognised regional languages Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, Rusyn 1 Albanian 2 Demonym Serbian Government Parliamentary Democracy  -  President Boris Tadić  -  Prime Minister Vojislav KoÅ¡tunica    -  First state 7th century   -  Serbian Kingdom3 1217   -  Serbian Empire 1345   -  Independence lost... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... For an overview of the Twin Cities metropolitan area, see Minneapolis-Saint Paul. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links WikiNews-Logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiversity-logo-Snorky. ...

See also

Civil ensign of the Duchy of Modena, 1830-1859. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of Dukes of Ferrara and of Modena. ...

External links

Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Emilia-Romagna is one of the 20 Regions of Italy. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Modena (It. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Bastiglia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 40 km northwest of Bologna and about 11 km northeast of Modena. ... Country Italy Region Emilia-Romagna Province Province of Modena (MO) Mayor Elevation 20 m Area 39. ... Campogalliano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 45 km northwest of Bologna and about 8 km northwest of Modena. ... Camposanto is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 35 km northwest of Bologna and about 20 km northeast of Modena. ... Carpi is a town in Emilia Romagna (northern Italy). ... Castelfranco Emilia is a town in Italy in the province of Modena, region of Emilia-Romagna. ... Castelnuovo Rangone is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 35 km west of Bologna and about 11 km south of Modena. ... Castelvetro di Modena is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 30 km west of Bologna and about 15 km south of Modena. ... Cavezzo is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 45 km northwest of Bologna and about 20 km northeast of Modena. ... Concordia sulla Secchia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 50 km northwest of Bologna and about 30 km north of Modena. ... Fanano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 50 km southwest of Bologna and about 50 km south of Modena. ... Finale Emilia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 35 km north of Bologna and about 35 km northeast of Modena. ... Fiorano Modenese is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 45 km west of Bologna and about 15 km southwest of Modena. ... Fiumalbo is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 70 km southwest of Bologna and about 60 km southwest of Modena. ... Formigine is a town in the province of Modena, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ... Frassinoro is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 70 km southwest of Bologna and about 50 km southwest of Modena. ... Guiglia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 30 km southwest of Bologna and about 25 km south of Modena. ... Lama Mocogno is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 50 km southwest of Bologna and about 40 km southwest of Modena. ... Maranello is a town in the region of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy, 18 km from Modena (population 16. ... Marano sul Panaro is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 30 km west of Bologna and about 20 km south of Modena. ... Medolla is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 45 km northwest of Bologna and about 25 km northeast of Modena. ... Mirandola is a city of Emilia-Romagna, Italy, in the province of Modena, 19 miles (31 km) northeast of it by railway, 59 ft. ... Montecreto is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 60 km southwest of Bologna and about 50 km southwest of Modena. ... Montefiorino is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 60 km southwest of Bologna and about 40 km southwest of Modena. ... Montese is a town in the province of Modena, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Novi di Modena is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 60 km northwest of Bologna and about 25 km north of Modena. ... Palagano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 60 km southwest of Bologna and about 45 km southwest of Modena. ... Montecuccolis Castele Pavullo nel Frignano is a town in the province of Modena, Emilia-Romagna, Italy. ... Pievepelago is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 70 km southwest of Bologna and about 60 km southwest of Modena. ... Polinago is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 50 km southwest of Bologna and about 40 km southwest of Modena. ... Prignano sulla Secchia is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 50 km west of Bologna and about 30 km southwest of Modena. ... Ravarino is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 30 km northwest of Bologna and about 15 km northeast of Modena. ... Riolunato is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 60 km southwest of Bologna and about 50 km southwest of Modena. ... San Cesario sul Panaro is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 25 km northwest of Bologna and about 12 km southeast of Modena. ... San Felice sul Panaro is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 40 km northwest of Bologna and about 25 km northeast of Modena. ... San Possidonio is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 50 km northwest of Bologna and about 25 km northeast of Modena. ... San Prospero is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 40 km northwest of Bologna and about 15 km northeast of Modena. ... Sassuolo is an industrial town west of Modena and north west of Bologna in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy. ... Savignano sul Panaro is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 25 km west of Bologna and about 20 km southeast of Modena. ... Serramazzoni is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 45 km west of Bologna and about 30 km southwest of Modena. ... Sestola is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 60 km southwest of Bologna and about 50 km southwest of Modena. ... Soliera is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 40 km northwest of Bologna and about 9 km north of Modena. ... Spilamberto is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 25 km west of Bologna and about 10 km southeast of Modena. ... The Rocca of Vignola. ... Zocca is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Modena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about 45 km southwest of Bologna and about 35 km south of Modena. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Modena - definition of Modena in Encyclopedia (984 words)
Modena is a city and a province on the south side of the Po valley, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy.
Modena is the birthplace of the legendary operatic tenor Luciano Pavarotti.
Modena also hosts the Italian Military Academy, where Italian officers are trained, partly housed in the Baroque ducal palace, begun by Francis I in 1635 from the designs of Avanzini, and finished by Francis Ferdinand V with a fine courtyard.
Modena - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1280 words)
Modena (Mòdna in Modenese dialect) is a city and a province on the south side of the Po valley, in Emilia-Romagna, Italy.
The territory around Modena (Roman Mutina, Etruscan Muoina) was inhabited by the Villanovans in the Iron Age, and later by Ligurian tribes, Etruscans, and the Gaulish Boii (the settlment itself being Etruscan).
Although the exact date of its foundation is unknown, it is known that it was already in existence in the 3rd century BC, for in 218 BC, during Hannibal's invasion of Italy, the Boii revolted and laid siege to the city.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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