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Encyclopedia > Mobilome

The mobilome is the total of all mobile genetic elements in a genome. Elements that can move within the genome (transposable elements) are the major constitients of the mobilome in eukaryotes. In prokaryotes, however, mobile genetic elements that can move between genomes, like prophages and plasmids, are also an impotant part of the mobilome. Mobile genetic elements (MGE) are a type of DNA that can move around within the genome. ... In biology the genome of an organism is the whole hereditary information of an organism that is encoded in the DNA (or, for some viruses, RNA). ... Transposons are sequences of DNA that can move around to different positions within the genome of a single cell, a process called Transposition. ... Figure 1 : Schematic drawing of a bacterium with plasmids enclosed. ...


References

  • Barkay, T. and Smets, B.F. 2005. Horizontal gene flow in microbial communities. ASM News 71: 412-419.
  • Frost, L.S. et al., 2005. Mobile genetic elements: the agents of open source evolution. Nat. Rev. of Microbiology 3: 722-732.

 
 

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