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The Mafia, also referred to in Italian as Cosa Nostra (lit. Our Thing), is a secret criminal association which evolved in mid-19th century Sicily. An offshoot of it emerged on the East Coast of the United States during the late 19th century with the waves of Italian immigration to that country. Image File history File links Padlock. ... The Mafia is a number of organized crime groups and by extension to any group that unofficially dominates or runs a larger group. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into mafia. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sicilian disambiguates here; see also Sicilian language or Sicilian Defence. ... Regional definitions vary from source to source. ...


A member of the mafia is called a Mafioso, and the plural is mafiosi. Mafiosi like to think of themselves as a special society of "men of honor".


"Mafia" is often used by extension to refer to any large group of people engaged in criminal racketeering activities (such as the Jewish Mafia, Russian Mafia, the Mexican Mafia, the Japanese Yakuza, the Chinese Triads, and the allegedly extinct Indian Thuggee). Organized crime is crime carried out systematically by formal criminal organizations. ... The Russian Mafiya, aka Red Mafia, is a name given abroad to groups of organized criminals of various ethnicity which appeared from the Soviet Union after its disintegration. ... // Background The Mexican Mafia is a large prison gang in the United States. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards and make it easier to understand, this article or section may require cleanup. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Sculpture depicting Kal Bhairab Thuggee (or tuggee) (from the Sanskrit root sthag (Pāli, thak), to conceal, mainly applied to fraudulent concealment) was an Indian cult sometimes described as the worlds first mafia, operating from the 13th to the 19th centuries, whose members were known as Thugs. ...

Contents


Early period

Origins

The Mafia originated some time during the mid 19th Century in the island of Sicily, at around the same time as the emergence of the new Italian state – driven by industrialization and trade. The Sicilian mafia has always been at its strongest in the west of the island, especially around its birthplace in the city of Palermo. Palermo was the center of trade, commerce and politics of Sicily. The mafia originated around the affluent estates of lemon and orange groves in Palermo, as opposed to the economically backwards and underdeveloped interior of the island. The mafia was initially involved in the business of protection and extortion in and around Palermo's lemon and orange farms. According to some sources, members of the ruling aristocracy were also members of the "sect" (as the mafia was known in those days). Among those sources are Baron Turrisi Colonna. who wrote the first ever account of the organised criminality in Sicily in the mid 1800's. In 1864, He estimated the age of the "sect" at about 20 years. Colonna was well known as a political protector of members of the sect. A relationship with the government has always characterised the Sicilian mafia. In the early days of the Italian state there were two (often synonymous) power groups: the landowners and the politicians. These groups were often discretely infiltrated and corrupted by the mafia. Some historical evidence (and much hearsay) suggests that the mafia initiated many members of government and business. Sicilian disambiguates here; see also Sicilian language or Sicilian Defence. ... Nickname: Palermu Motto: Official website: http://www. ...


Early political activities

- It is as an instrument of local government that the mafia has always been useful to the powers in Rome. The mafia could often deliver all 40 or so states on the island to whichever political party it chose to support. It was during these formative years that the mafia inter-twined itself with all aspects of life in Sicily: commerce, trade, politics and law enforcement have all been tools of the mafia at some time or another. It is this early genesis of the mafia at a turbulent time during Italy's history which has so embedded it in the national consciousness, that up until relatively recently, the existence of a mafia in Sicily was long ignored or tolerated by the ruling classes of Italy. The systematic intimidation and organised criminality was explained away by implying that mafia was nothing more menacing than a peculiarly Sicilian form of self-confident pride, or 'rustic chivalry', or even the manly swagger of someone who knows how to look after his interests. Any explanation was used apart from the correct one which we know today: that by the late 19th century, the mafia had become a monopolist in the violence industry, a secret society with its own initiation rites and trials which used corruption and intimidation to amass power and wealth through acting as the sole instrument of local government in Sicily. City motto: Senatus Populusque Romanus – SPQR (The Senate and the People of Rome) Founded 21 April 753 BC mythical, 1st millennium BC Region Latium Mayor Walter Veltroni (Left-Wing Democrats) Area  - City Proper  1285 km² Population  - City (2004)  - Metropolitan  - Density (city proper) 2,553,873 almost 4,300,000 1. ... See also order of chivalry Woman under the Safeguard of Knighthood, allegorical Scene. ...


Background

The term "mafia" describes a specific secret society in Sicily and their descendants in the United States of America where Sicilian organized criminals had spread by the early 20th century through immigration. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the...


Mafia power peaked in the United States in the mid-20th century, until a series of FBI investigations in the 1970s and 1980s somewhat curtailed the Mafia's influence. Despite the decline, the Mafia and its reputation have become entrenched in American popular culture, portrayed in movies, TV shows, and even product commercials. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a Federal police force which is the principal investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (peoples) culture that prevails in any given society. ... Film refers to the celluloid media on which movies are printed. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... Generally speaking, advertising is the promotion of goods, services, companies and ideas, usually by an identified sponsor. ...


Today the Italian-American Mafia remains the most powerful criminal organization operating in the USA and uses this status to maintain control over the majority of both Chicago's and New York City's criminal enterprises. It also has links to the more established organization from which it sprung, the original Sicilian Mafia.


Mafia power in Sicily is much more well established and complete. Corruption is widespread, and local government is almost an offshoot of the organization itself. Mafia influence in the national legislature has long been suspected, but never proven outright.


The Mafia in Sicily

Originating during the mid 19th century, the Mafia served as protection for the large orange and lemon estates surrounding the city of Palermo. From this, the Mafia began to spread its roots among the landowners and politicians of Sicily. Forming strong links with the government (it is more than likely that many politicians were members or collaborators) the Mafia gained significant power.


During the Fascist period in Italy, Cesare Mori, prefect of Palermo, used special powers granted to him to prosecute the Mafia, forcing many Mafiosi to flee abroad or risk being jailed. Many of the Mafiosi who escaped fled to the United States, among them Joseph Bonanno, nicknamed Joe Bananas, who came to dominate the US branch of the Mafia. Fascism (in Italian, fascismo), capitalized, was the authoritarian political movement which ruled Italy from 1922 to 1943 under the leadership of Benito Mussolini. ... Cesare Mori was born in 1872 and was raised in an orphanage. ... Joseph Bonanno Joseph Bonanno (January 18, 1905 – May 11, 2002) was an American Mafioso who became the boss of one of the most prominent crime families in the world, the Bonanno crime family. ...


The United States cynically took advantage of the circumstances and utilised the Italian connection of the American Mafiosi during the invasion of Italy and Sicily in 1943. Lucky Luciano and other members of Mafia, who had been imprisoned during this time in USA, suddenly became valuable patriots, and US military intelligence used Luciano's influence to ease the way for advancing American troops. 1943 (MCMXLIII) is a common year starting on Friday. ... Lucky Luciano. ...


An alleged additional benefit (from the American perspective) was that many of the Sicilian-Italian Mafiosi were hardline anti-communists, as the Mafia could not bear any other form of social organisation in its heartland of Sicily, being the monopolist of power and violence on the island. They were therefore seen as valuable allies by the anti-communist Americans, who allegedly used them to root out socialist and communist elements in the American shipping industry, the wartime resistance movements, and in many postwar local and regional governments in areas where the Mafia held sway. This article is about communism as a form of society, as an ideology advocating that form of society, and as a popular movement. ...


According to drug trade expert Dr Alfred W. McCoy, Luciano was permitted to run his crime network from his jail cell in exchange for his assistance. After the war Luciano was rewarded by being deported to Italy, where he was able to continue his criminal career unhindered. He went to Sicily in 1946 to continue his activities and according to McCoy's landmark 1972 book The Politics of Heroin in South-East Asia, Luciano went on to forge a crucial alliance with the Corsican Mafia, leading to the development of a vast international heroin trafficking network, initially supplied from Turkey and based in Marseille — the so-called "French Connection". 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... City motto: Actibus immensis urbs fulget Massiliensis. ... The French Connection was an infamous scheme through which the illegal drug heroin was smuggled from Turkey to France and then to the United States, culminating in the late 1960s and early 1970s, when it provided the vast majority of the heroin consumed in the United States. ...


Later, when Turkey began to eliminate its opium production, he used his connections with the Corsicans to open a dialogue with expatriate Corsican mafiosi in South Vietnam. In collaboration with leading American mob bosses including Santo Trafficante Jr., Luciano and his successors, took advantage of the chaotic conditions of the Vietnam War to establish an unassailable supply and distribution base in the "Golden Triangle", which was soon funnelling huge amounts of Asian heroin into the United States, Australia and other countries via the U.S. military. Opium is a narcotic analgesic drug which is obtained from the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum L. or the synonym paeoniflorum). ... Official language Vietnamese Capital Saigon Last President Duong Van Minh Last Prime Minister Vu Van Mau Area  - Total  - % water 173,809 km² N/A Population  - Total  - Density 19,370,000 (1973 est. ... Santo Trafficante, Jr. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam) United States of America South Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand the Philippines Democratic Republic of Vietnam (North Vietnam) National Liberation Front (Viet Cong) Commanders Strength ~1,200,000 (1968) ~420,000 (1968) Casualties South Vietnamese dead: 1,250,000+ US dead: 58,226 US... The Golden Triangle can refer to: The Golden Triangle is one of Asia’s two main illicit opium-producing (opium) areas. ...


Benito Mussolini ruthlessly suppressed the Mafia, imprisoning many men on mere suspicion of being a mafioso. The Mafia did not become powerful in Italy again until after the country's surrender in the Second World War. In the 1980s and 1990s, however, a series of internecine "gang wars" led to many prominent Mafia members being murdered, and a new generation of mafiosi has placed more emphasis on "white-collar" criminal activity as opposed to more traditional racketeering enterprises. In reaction to these developments, the Italian press has come up with the phrase La Cosa Nuova ("the new thing", a play on La Cosa Nostra) to refer to the revamped organization. Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (July 29, 1883 – April 28, 1945) led Italy from 1922 to 1943. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... The 1990s decade refers to the years from 1990 to 1999, inclusive. ...

Salvatore Riina
Salvatore Riina

The main split in the Sicilian Mafia at present is between those bosses who have been convicted and are now in jail, chiefly Salvatore 'Totò' Riina and Leoluca Bagarella, and those such as the current capo di tutti capi Bernardo Provenzano, who are on the run, or who have not been indicted. The incarcerated bosses are currently subjected to harsh controls on their contact with the outside world, limiting their ability to run their operations from behind bars under the Italian law 41 bis. Antonio Giuffrè, a close confidant of Provenzano, turned Pentito shortly after his capture in 2002. He now alleges that in 1993, Cosa Nostra had direct contact with representatives of Silvio Berlusconi while he was planning the birth of Forza Italia. The deal that he says was alleged to have been made was a repeal of 41 bis, among other anti-Mafia laws in return for electoral deliverances in Sicily. However, Giuffré's declarations have not been confirmed by any proof and have been belied by facts. The current government of Forza Italia extended the enforcement of 41 bis, which had to expire on 2002 and has been prolonged for other four years and extended to other crimes such as terrorism. Picture of Salvatore Riina, Mafia boss. ... Picture of Salvatore Riina, Mafia boss. ... Salvatore Riina Salvatore Riina, also known as Totò Riina (born November 16, 1930) is one of the most infamous members of the Sicilian Mafia. ... Leoluca Bagarella (born 1941) is an Italian criminal and member of the Sicilian Mafia. ... Bernardo Provenzano in 1959, aged 26 Bernardo Provenzano (born January 31, 1933) is a member of the Sicilian Mafia (La Cosa Nostra) and is suspected of being the head of the Corleonesi, a Mafia Family from the village of Corleone, and as such, de facto capo di tutti capi (Boss... Tommaso Buscetta (in sunglasses), the first important pentito of Italian Mafia, escorted in a court of law. ... La Cosa Nostra is the name by which members of the Mafia in the United States refer to the organization. ... (help· info) (born September 29, 1936) is the current Prime Minister of Italy. ... Forza Italia is an Italian political party. ... Forza Italia is an Italian political party. ...


Prominent Sicilian mafiosi

  • Salvatore 'Toto' Riina, former 'Capo Crimini' (Superboss) of the Corleonesi and thus the entire Sicilian Mafia, now in jail. Succeeded by Bernardo Provenzano (see below).
  • Tommaso Buscetta, the first Sicilian Mafioso to become an informant during the 1980s. (A predecessor, Leonardo Vitale, who gave himself up to the police in 1973, was judged as suffering from 'mental semi-infirmity', and his evidence led to the conviction of himself and his uncle only.) Generally known as the 'Supergrass', Buscetta's evidence was used to great effect during the Maxi-Trials.
  • Bernardo Provenzano, Current 'capo di tutti i capi' or Boss of Bosses of the Sicilian Mafia, a fugitive from justice for over 40 years. He is said to have been recently spotted in a medical clinic in the south of France. The authorities have reportedly been 'close' to capturing him for the past 10 years, since he took over from Salvatore Riina.
  • Giovanni 'lo scannacristiani' Brusca, who personally murdered Giovanni Falcone, the investigating judge who started the first and only real fightback against the Sicilian Mafia.

Salvatore Riina - also known as Toto Riina or The Beast - (born 1930) is an infamous member of the Sicilian Mafia. ... Tommaso Buscetta (in sunglasses) is lead into court at the Maxi Trial, circa 1986 Tommaso Buscetta (July 13, 1928 - April 4, 2000) was a Sicilian mafioso, and later repented. ... An iformant (Sometimes Imformer) is someone who provides information to law enforcement agencies. ... Never before in the history of the Mafia has so many men of honour faced trial at the same time. ... Bernardo Provenzano in 1959, aged 26 Bernardo Provenzano (born January 31, 1933) is a member of the Sicilian Mafia (La Cosa Nostra) and is suspected of being the head of the Corleonesi, a Mafia Family from the village of Corleone, and as such, de facto capo di tutti capi (Boss... Giovanni Brusca (born 1957 in San Giuseppe Jato) is a former member of the Sicilian Mafia. ... Giovanni Falcone Aerial view of the ambush site Sheets exposed in solidarity with Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino. ...

Other criminal organizations in Italy

The Sicilian Mafia is organized into cosche (clans) in Sicily; in other regions there exist other similar organisations: 'Ndrangheta in Calabria, Sacra corona unita in Apulia, Camorra in Naples and the Mala del Brenta in Veneto (an organisation whose members come from Northern Italy, once led by infamous Venetian, Felice "Angel Face" Maniero). Although the different crime empires do business with each other, these are separate and distinct organisations from the Sicilian Mafia. A 2003 Eurispes report on Italian organised crime indicates the possibility that the Calabrian 'Ndrangheta may have superseded the Sicilian Mafia in power and profit. The Calabrian Ndrangheta (from the Greek word andragathía for heroism and virtue) is one of the most powerful and ruthless mafia organisations in Italy. ... Calabria, formerly Brutium, is a region in southern Italy which occupies the toe of the Italian peninsula south of Naples. ... Sacra corona unita, or United Sacred Crown, is a mafia-like criminal organisation from the Apulia (in Italian Puglia) region in Southern Italy, and especially active in the regions capital Bari. ... Apulia (official Italian name: Puglia) is a region in southeastern Italy bordering the Adriatic Sea in the east, the Ionian Sea to the southeast, and the Strait of Otranto and Gulf of Taranto in the south. ... The camorra is a mafia-like criminal organization, or secret society, in the region of Campania and the city of Naples in Italy. ... Naples panorama Naples (Italian Napoli, Neapolitan Napule, from Greek Νέα Πόλις - Néa Pólis - meaning New City; see also List of traditional Greek place names) is the largest city in southern Italy and capital of Campania Region and the Province of Naples. ... The fifth and smallest of the major criminal organisations based in Italy (of which the most famous is the Mafia). ... Veneto is one of the twenty Regions of Italy. ...


Mafia in the United States

Mafia groups in the United States first became influential in the New York area, gradually progressing from small neighborhood operations to citywide and eventually international organizations. The Mafia had eventually expanded to twenty-six crime families nationwide in the major cities of the United States, with the epicenter of organized crime based in New York. After many turf wars, five families ended up dominating New York, named after prominent early members: the Bonanno family, the Colombo family, the Gambino family, the Genovese family, and the Lucchese family. Nickname: The Big Apple Motto: Official website: City of New York Location [[Image:|250px|250px|Location of City of New York, New York]] Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R... The Bonanno family is one of five mafia families said to be in control of organized crime in New York City. ... The Colombo crime family is one of the Five Families considered the most important in the American Mafia. ... The Gambino Crime Family is a criminal organization based in New York City, New York, USA within the nationwide criminal phenomenon known familiarly as the Mafia (also known as La Cosa Nostra). ... The Genovese Family is one of the five Mafia Families in New York City. ... The Lucchese Family was one of the most powerful organized crime families in the United States. ...

Carmine Galante after his gangland execution
Carmine Galante after his gangland execution

Each family was ultimately controlled by a Don, who was insulated from actual operations by several layers of authority. According to popular belief, the Don's closest and most trusted advisor was referred to as the consigliere ("counselor" in Italian). In reality, the consigliere was meant to be something of a "hearing officer" who was charged with mediating intra-family disputes. He also takes care of the economic side of the "business". An underboss was possible as well. There were then a number of regimes with a varying number of soldati (lit. "soldiers"), or made-men, who conducted actual operations. Most recently there have been two new positions in the family leadership, the family messenger and Street Boss. These positions were created by former Genovese leader Vincent Gigante File links The following pages link to this file: Carmine Galante ... File links The following pages link to this file: Carmine Galante ... Vincent the Chin Gigs Gigante (March 29, 1928– December 19, 2005) was a notorious Mafioso who headed the Genovese crime family for years, at times while in prison. ...


Each regime was headed by a caporegime, who reported to the boss. When the boss made a decision, he never issued orders directly to the soldiers who would carry it out, but instead passed instructions down through the chain of command. In this way, the higher levels of the organization were effectively insulated from incrimination if a lower level member should be captured by law enforcement. This structure is immortalized in Mario Puzo's famous novel The Godfather. Mario Puzo Mario Puzo (October 15, 1920 – July 2, 1999) was an American author known for his fictional books about the Mafia. ... Cover of The Godfather. ...


The initiation ritual emerged in Sicily in the mid-19th century and has hardly changed to this day. The Chief of Police of Palermo in 1875 reported that the man of honor to be initiated would be led into the presence of a group of bosses and underbosses. One of these men would prick the initiate's arm or hand and tell him to smear the blood onto a sacred image, usually a saint. The oath of loyalty would be taken as the image was burned and scattered, thus symbolising the annihilation of traitors. This was confirmed by the first pentito, Tommaso Buscetta. Tommaso Buscetta (in sunglasses), the first important pentito of Italian Mafia, escorted in a court of law. ... Tommaso Buscetta (in sunglasses) is lead into court at the Maxi Trial, circa 1986 Tommaso Buscetta (July 13, 1928 - April 4, 2000) was a Sicilian mafioso, and later repented. ...


A hit, or assassination, of a made man had to be preapproved by the leadership of his family, or retaliatory hits would be made, possibly inciting a war. In a state of war, families would go to the mattresses — rent vacant apartments and have a number of soldiers sleeping on mattresses on the floor in shifts, with the others ready at the windows to fire at members of rival families. Jack Ruby murdered the assassin, Lee Harvey Oswald, in a very public manner. ...


The American Mafia eventually became more accommodating of non-Sicilian Italians among the sworn-in membership of 'made-men' and forged closer associations with gangsters of other nationalities, thus becoming distinct from the original organisation in Sicily.


Law enforcement and the Mafia

Giovanni Falcone
Giovanni Falcone

In Italy in particular, there has been a long history of police, prosecutors and judges being murdered by the Mafia in an attempt to discourage vigorous policing. The Italian government officials who were assassinated because of their attempts in bringing the Mafia to justice are called Excellent Cadavers. In the United States, murders of state authorities have been rare, largely out of fear of the backlash that would result. In several Mafia families, killing a state authority is strictly forbidden, and even conspiring to commit such a murder is punishable by death. The mobster Dutch Schultz was reportedly killed by his peers out of fear that he would carry out a plan to kill New York City prosecutor Thomas Dewey. Judge Giovanni Falcone. ... Judge Giovanni Falcone. ... Excellent Cadavers is a documentary on judge Giovanni Falcones fight against the Mafia in Sicily and his assassination on his way from Palermo Airport. ... Dutch Schultz (August 6, 1902–October 24, 1935) was a New York City-area gangster of the 1920s and 30s. ... Thomas Edmund Dewey (March 24, 1902 – March 16, 1971) was the Governor of New York (1943-1955) and the Republican candidate for the U.S. Presidency in two elections (1944 and 1948), losing both times. ...


In the United States, the Mafia began a steep decline in the late-1970s and early 1980s due in part to laws such as the RICO Act, which made it a crime to belong to an organization that performed illegal acts, and to programs such as the witness protection program. These factors combined with the gradual dissolution of the distinct Italian-American community through death, intermarriage, the lack of continued Italian migration, and cultural assimilation. The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, inclusive. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ... RICO or the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act is a United States law which provides for extended penalties for criminal acts performed as part of an ongoing criminal organization. ... In the United States, the Witness Protection Program (also known as WITSEC) is established by the Witness Protection Act, which in turn sets out the manner in which the U.S. Attorney General may provide for the relocation and protection of a witness or potential witness of the federal government... Intermarriage normally refers to marriage to a person belonging to a different religion, tribe, nationality or ethnic background. ...


In the mid-20th century, the Mafia was reputed to have infiltrated many labor unions in the United States, notably the Teamsters, whose president Jimmy Hoffa disappeared and is widely believed to have been killed by the Mafia. In the 1980s, the United States federal government made a determined effort to remove Mafia influence from labor unions. A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers... Teamsters logo. ... James Riddle Jimmy Hoffa (born 14 February 1913, disappeared 30 July 1975) was a noted American labor leader who is also well-known in popular culture for the mysterious circumstances surrounding his still-unexplained disappearance and presumed death. ... The 1980s decade refers to the years from 1980 to 1989, inclusive. ...


There is some evidence that in Italy law enforcement seems to be finally gaining the upper hand over the Mafia organisations, through stronger laws and the breaking down of the "code of silence" or "Omertà". A huge help in fighting the military side of Mafia has been provided by many so-called pentiti (Mafia members who dissociated for a milder judicial treatment), like Tommaso Buscetta. The omertà is a popular attitude, common in areas of Italy where the Mafia is strong, that implies never collaborating with the police. ... Pentiti (Italian, literally meaning those who have repented) are former members of the Italian Mafia or similar criminal or terrorist organisations who have abandoned their criminal/terrorist organisation and helped police to discover as much as possible about the respective organisation, criminals, and in general anything related to their former... Tommaso Buscetta (in sunglasses) is lead into court at the Maxi Trial, circa 1986 Tommaso Buscetta (July 13, 1928 - April 4, 2000) was a Sicilian mafioso, and later repented. ...


In recent decades, one of the most famous figures in Italy in the context of Mafia has been Totò Riina, who ordered the murder of the judges Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino. Salvatore Riina Salvatore Riina, also known as Totò Riina (born November 16, 1930) is one of the most infamous members of the Sicilian Mafia. ... Giovanni Falcone Aerial view of the ambush site Sheets exposed in solidarity with Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino. ... Paolo Borsellino (January 19, 1940 Palermo - July 19, 1992 Palermo) was an Italian anti-mafia judge. ...


Recently, former Italian Prime Minister, Giulio Andreotti (Democrazia Cristiana) stood judicially accused of relationships with Mafia, but the case collapsed because of the expiry of the statute of limitations. Nevertheless the trial court, and the appeal one, stated that his connection with Mafia had been constant and well documented until the early 80s. Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister A Prime Minister is a politician who serves as the head of the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... Giulio Andreotti Giulio Andreotti (born in Rome, 14 January 1919) is an Italian political figure, among the most powerful in post-war Italy. ... Christian Democracy, (Democrazia Cristiana), the christian democratic party of Italy, commonly called the democristiani or DC, dominated government for nearly half a century until its demise amid a welter of corruption allegations in 1992-94. ... A statute of limitations is a statute in a common law legal system setting forth the maximum period of time, after certain events, that legal proceedings based on those events may begin. ...


According to Selwyn Raab, author of "Five Families : The Rise, Decline, and Resurgence of America's Most Powerful Mafia Empires", after 9/11 the FBI has redirected most of its attention to finding terrorists, which led to a resurgence of Mafia in the U.S.


Today the Mafia is still the dominant organized crime group in the United States but its power and influence continues to decline due to aggressive FBI investigations, mob informants, violation of mob rules, family infighting, dwindling membership, and death or imprisonment of its top leaders. Recent setbacks include arrests of the Chicago Outfit's hierarchy and news reports of Alex Rudaj, the leader of the Albanian mob, reportedly attempting to outmuscle two of New York's Mafia families for control of gambling rackets.


Mafia structure

Known as the Honored Society among Mafiosi, the chain of command is organized in a pyramid similar to a modern corporate structure.

  1. Capo di Tutti i Capi (the "Boss of Bosses", currently Bernardo "il trattore" Provenzano for the Sicilian Mafia; not applicable to the American Mafia)
  2. Capo dei Capi Re (a title of respect given to a senior or retired member, equivalent to being a member emeritus)
  3. Capo Crimini (a "Super Boss" known as a Don or "Godfather" of a crime family)
  4. Capo Bastone (known as the "Underboss" is second in command to the Capo Crimini)
  5. Consigliere (an advisor)
  6. Contabile (a financial advisor)
  7. Caporegime or Capodecina (a lieutenant who commands a "crew" of around ten Sgarriste or "soldiers")
  8. Sgarrista or Soldati ("made" members of the Mafia who serve primarily as foot soldiers)
  9. Picciotto (a low ranking member who serves as an "enforcer")
  10. Giovane D'Onore (an associate member, usually someone not of Italian or Sicilian ancestry)

To the Cosa Nostra, while not actually part of the mob hierarchy, the only thing lower than an associate is a citizen (or civilian), which is a person who has no connection to the Mafia at all. Emeritus is a title given to a retired professor, bishop or other professional. ... A godparent, in Christianity, is someone who sponsors a childs baptism. ... A consigliere (IPA ) is an adviser or counsellor, especially to a mafia boss. ... A capo in the Mafia is a ranking member of a Family who heads a crew (or group) of soldiers; a skipper, short for capodecina. ...


Sicilian Mafia structure

  1. Capofamiglia - (Boss)
  2. Consigliori - (Counselor)
  3. Sotto Capo - (Underboss)
  4. Capodecina - (Group Boss)
  5. Uomini D'onore - ("Men of Honor")

Source


Lunde, Paul. Organized Crime: An Inside Guide to the World's Most Successful Industry ISBN 0-7894-9648-8


Media portrayal of the Mafia

Marlon Brando as Don Corleone in The Godfather, from Paramount Pictures via the Canadian Press
Marlon Brando as Don Corleone in The Godfather, from Paramount Pictures via the Canadian Press

See also: List of Mafia movies Marlon Brando as Don Corleone in The Godfather Site: http://story. ... Marlon Brando as Don Corleone in The Godfather Site: http://story. ... The Paramount Pictures logo used since 2003. ... Cover of The Godfather. ... Mario Puzo Mario Puzo (October 15, 1920 – July 2, 1999) was an American author known for his fictional books about the Mafia. ... Francis Ford Coppola at Cannes 2001 Francis Ford Coppola (born April 7, 1939 in Detroit, Michigan) is an American film director, screenwriter, vintner, magazine publisher, and hotelier, most renowned for directing the highly regarded Godfather trilogy. ... Marlon Brando, Jr. ... Popular culture, or pop culture, is the vernacular (peoples) culture that prevails in any given society. ... Amalgamation, meaning to combine or unite into one form, has several uses: In chemistry, mining and dentistry, amalgamation is the blending of mercury with another metal or alloy to produce an amalgam. ... La Piovra La Piovra (The Octopus) is an acclaimed Italian TV drama about the Mafia. ... Sandro Petraglia was born 19 April 1947 in Rome, Italy. ... Goodfellas (or, more commonly spelled, GoodFellas) is a 1990 film about the Mafia directed by Martin Scorsese. ... Martin Scorsese at Cannes in 2002 Martin Scorsese (born November 17, 1942 in Queens, New York, USA) is an American film director. ... Henry Hill (born June 11, 1943) is an American ex-FBI informant whose life was immortalized in the book Wiseguy, by crime reporter Nicholas Pileggi. ... Bugsy is a 1991 film which tells the story of mobster Bugsy Siegel. ... Benjamin Bugsy Siegel (February 28, 1906 – June 20, 1947) was an American gangster, popularly thought to be the impetus behind large-scale development of Las Vegas. ... Warren Beatty Henry Warren Beaty (born March 30, 1937 in Richmond, Virginia), now known as Warren Beatty, is an American actor, producer, screenwriter, and director. ... Donnie Brasco is the name of two things: Most common is the FBI agent with the real name Joseph D. Pistone. ... Joe Pesci Joseph Pesci (born February 9, 1943), better known as Joe Pesci, is an Italian-American actor and singer who is often typecast as a violent mobster. ... Jane Austens Mafia! is a 1998 comedy film starring Jay Mohr. ... Cover of The Godfather. ... Illusion Softworks is located in Brno, in the Czech Republic, and was founded by Petr Vochozka and the venture capital investors, Cash Reform Group. ... Gathering of Developers (aka God Games and Gathering) was an American videogame publisher based in Dallas, TX (and then later Austin, TX) founded by a number of independent game developers. ... Amalgamation, meaning to combine or unite into one form, has several uses: In chemistry, mining and dentistry, amalgamation is the blending of mercury with another metal or alloy to produce an amalgam. ... The Untouchables is the name of a 1947 book by Eliot Ness and Oscar Fraley, and also of two television series and a motion picture that it inspired. ... Eliot Ness Eliot Ness (April 19, 1903 – May 16, 1957) was an American Treasury agent, famous for his efforts to enforce Prohibition in Chicago, Illinois as the leader of a legendary team nicknamed The Untouchables. ... FBI mugshot of Capone, 1931 Alphonse Gabriel Capone (January 17, 1899 – January 25, 1947), popularly known as Al Scarface Capone, was an infamous American gangster in the 1920s and 1930s, although his business card reportedly described him as a used furniture dealer. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Carlitos Way. ... Hoodlum is a 1997 United Artists blaxploitationfilm that gives an almost entirely fictional account of the gang war between the Italian/Jewish mafia alliance and the black gangsters of Harlem that took place in the late 1920s and early 1930s. ... Casino is a 1995 movie directed by Martin Scorsese, based on the book of the same name by Nicholas Pileggi and Larry Shandling. ... Robert De Niro at the Berlin International Film Festival, 1998 Robert De Niro, Jr. ... Gotti DVD cover Gotti was a TV movie made in 1996 starring Armand Assante and many of the actors who would later play mob men on The Sopranos. ... HBO (Home Box Office) is a premium cable television network with headquarters in New York City. ... Road to Perdition is a graphic novel by Max Allan Collins that was made into a motion picture of the same name in 2002. ... Tom Hanks in February 2004 Thomas Jeffrey Hanks (born July 9, 1956) is a two-time Academy Award-winning American actor famous for playing notable roles in many popular and critically acclaimed movies. ... The Sopranos is a television drama on HBO about a Mafia family in Northern New Jersey. ... General Hospital is the longest-running daytime soap opera on the American ABC television network, and is also the longest-running soap opera produced in Hollywood (having been taped at the Prospect Avenue ABC Television Center West since its inception). ... The first TIME cover devoted to soap operas: Dated January 12, 1976, Bill Hayes and Susan Seaforth Hayes of Days of Our Lives are featured with the headline Soap Operas: Sex and suffering in the afternoon. A soap opera is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction, usually broadcast on television... Maurice Benard Maurice Benard (born Mauricio Jose Morales on March 1, 1963) is an American actor. ... Steve Burton (born Jack Stephen Burton on 28 June 1970 in Indianapolis, Indiana) is an American actor. ... Days of our Lives is a long-running American soap opera. ... The first TIME cover devoted to soap operas: Dated January 12, 1976, Bill Hayes and Susan Seaforth Hayes of Days of Our Lives are featured with the headline Soap Operas: Sex and suffering in the afternoon. A soap opera is an ongoing, episodic work of fiction, usually broadcast on television... Joseph Mascolo as Massimo Marone Joseph Mascolo (born March 13, 1935 in West Hartford, Connecticut) is an American actor and soap opera veteran. ... Thaao Penghlis (born December 15, 1945 in Sydney, Australia) is an actor, best known for roles in US daytime soap operas such as Days of Our Lives, Santa Barbara, and General Hospital, but he has also guest-starred on a number of crime dramas, such as Kojak, Cannon, Tenspeed and... John Aniston, from Days of Our Lives; 1990. ... A Bronx Tale (1993) is a movie set in New York City during the turbulent era of the 1960s. ... Chazz Palminteri (born 15 May 1952) is an American actor and writer. ... Robert De Niro at the Berlin International Film Festival, 1998 Robert De Niro, Jr. ... Raging Bull is a 1980 film directed by Martin Scorsese, and written by Paul Schrader, and Mardik Martin. ... Jake LaMotta Giacobbe La Motta (born July 10, 1921), better known as Jake LaMotta, nicknamed The Bronx Bull, is a former boxer who was world middleweight champion and whose life was as controversial outside the ring as it was inside it. ... Robert De Niro at the Berlin International Film Festival, 1998 Robert De Niro, Jr. ... Once Upon a Time in America (original title Cera una volta in America) (1984) is director Sergio Leones last film. ... Sergio Leone (January 3, 1929 – April 30, 1989) was an Italian film director. ... Analyze This is a 1999 movie produced by Warner Brothers Studios. ... Robert De Niro at the Berlin International Film Festival, 1998 Robert De Niro, Jr. ... Analyze That is a 2002 movie produced by Warner Brothers Studios. ... Robert De Niro at the Berlin International Film Festival, 1998 Robert De Niro, Jr. ... The Whole Nine Yards is a black comedy starring Bruce Willis, Matthew Perry, Amanda Peet, Natasha Henstridge, Michael Clarke Duncan and Rosanna Arquette. ... Poster for The Whole Ten Yards The Whole Ten Yards is a sequel to the movie The Whole Nine Yards (2000). ... Bruce Willis Walter Bruce Willis (born March 19, 1955 in Idar-Oberstein, West Germany) is an American actor and musician. ... The Usual Suspects, a 1995 American movie written by Christopher McQuarrie (who earned an Oscar for the screenplay) and directed by Bryan Singer. ... Spacey as Verbal in The Usual Suspects Kevin Spacey Fowler (born July 26, 1959), better known as Kevin Spacey, is an American actor. ... This article is about the Irish actor. ... Jim Jarmusch Jim Jarmusch (born January 22, 1953 in Akron, Ohio, USA) is a noted film director. ... Forest in the movie Panic Room Forest Steven Whitaker (born July 15, 1961 in Longview, Texas) is an American actor, producer and director. ... Billy Bathgate is a character created by author E.L. Doctorow, and has been featured in three pieces of modern art: Songs of Billy Bathgate, a 1968 short story featuring the son of the character from Doctorows later novel. ... The PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction is awarded annually by the PEN/Faulkner Foundation to an American author. ... Dutch Schultz (August 6, 1902–October 24, 1935) was a New York City-area gangster of the 1920s and 30s. ... Dustin Hoffman Hoffman with Ben Stiller in 2004s Meet the Fockers. ... Nicole Mary Kidman AC (born June 20, 1967) is an Academy Award-winning American-born Australian actress. ... A History of Violence is a 2005 film, directed by David Cronenberg. ... Grand Theft Auto III, or GTA III, is a video game developed by DMA Design, published by Rockstar Games in October 2001 for the PlayStation 2 video game console, May 2002 for Windows-based PCs, and in November 2003 for the Xbox video game console. ... Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (released in October 2002) is the fourth video game in the hit Grand Theft Auto series. ... Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas is the fifth video game in the Grand Theft Auto series. ... The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening. ... Springfield is the fictional city where the TV series The Simpsons is set, founded by Jebediah Springfield, located near Shelbyville and Capitol City in a state whose name is never mentioned. ... Anthony Fat Tony DAmico (voiced by Joe Mantegna) is the fictional local Mafia Don in the animated television series The Simpsons. ... Joe Mantegna as Detective Will Girardi in Joan of Arcadia Joe Mantegnas character, Fat Tony in The Simpsons Joseph Anthony Mantegna, Jr. ... The Departed is an American film remake of the popular Hong Kong crime thriller Infernal Affairs. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Infernal Affairs (Chinese: 無間道; Hanyu Pinyin: ) is a stylish 2002 Hong Kong crime thriller. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Martin Scorsese at Cannes in 2002 Martin Scorsese (born November 17, 1942 in Queens, New York, USA) is an American film director. ... Jack Nicholson at Cannes, (2001). ... James Joseph Bulger (born September 3, 1929), is an American believed by the Federal Bureau of Investigation to have played a role in at least eighteen murders that took place in the 1970s and 1980s. ... Bootleggers is a text-based mafia-styled multiplayer online game, which runs on a browser interface to allow players to interact with one another. ... This is a list of movies about the Mafia and organized crime. ...


References

  • New Orleans, LA. AmericanMafia.com 26 Mafia Cities - New Orleans, LA. URL accessed on June 19, 2005.
  • Dickie, John (2004). Cosa Nostra: A History of the Sicilian Mafia. Hodder and Stoughton. ISBN 0-340-82434-4

June 19 is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 195 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

(Redirected from . ... A doctor gun (sometimes abbreviated to ) is an American slang term for any small, inexpensive Saturday night special firearm or junk gun of small caliber, typically in . ... Organized crime is crime carried out systematically by formal criminal organizations. ... The National Crime Syndicate was the name given to an organized crime syndicate, set up in the 1930s, by Charles Lucky Luciano and based out of New York City. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... A front organization, also known as a front group (if it is structured to look like a voluntary association); a front company, a shell corporation or simply a front (if it is structured to look like a company), is any entity set up by and controlled by another organization. ...

External links


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