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Encyclopedia > Moabite language

The Moabite language is an extinct Hebrew Canaanite dialect, spoken in Moab (modern-day northwestern Jordan) in the early first millennium BC. Most of our knowledge about Moabite comes from the Mesha Stele, as well as the El-Kerak Stela (http://www.kchanson.com/ANCDOCS/westsem/elkerak.html); this is sufficient to show that it was extremely similar to Biblical Hebrew, despite a few differences. The main differences noted, in the admittedly short text, are: a plural in -în rather than -îm (eg mlkn "kings" for Biblical Hebrew məlākîm), like Aramaic and Arabic; retention of the feminine ending -at which Biblical Hebrew reduces to -āh (eg qryt "town", Biblical Hebrew qiryāh); and retention of a verb form with infixed -t-, also found in Arabic and Akkadian (w-’ltḥm "I began to fight", from the root lḥm.) In a modern context, Hebrew language most commonly refers specifically to Modern Hebrew language; in other contexts, it commonly refers specifically to Biblical Hebrew language. ... The Canaanite languages are a subfamily of the Semitic languages, spoken by the ancient Canaanite peoples. ... Moab (מוֹאָב Seed of father/leader, Standard Hebrew Moʾav, Tiberian Hebrew Môʾāḇ) is the historical name for a mountainous strip of land in Jordan running along the eastern shore of the Dead Sea. ... The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, commonly called Jordan, is a country in the Middle East. ... The stele as photographed circa 1891 The Mesha Stele (popularized in the 19th century as the Moabite Stone) is a black basalt stone, bearing an inscription by the 9th century BC Moabite King Mesha, discovered in 1868. ... Categories: Language stubs | Judaism-related stubs | Canaanite languages | Hebrew language ... Aramaic is a Semitic language with a 3,000-year history. ... Arabic is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Arabic is a Semitic language, closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... Akkadian was a language of the Semitic family spoken in ancient Mesopotamia, particularly by the Assyrians and Babylonians. ...



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