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Encyclopedia > Moabit

Moabit is a district in the center of Berlin. Since the beginning of the year 2001 it belongs to the newly regrouped governmental borough of Berlin-Mitte. Previously, from 1920 to 2001, it belonged to the borough of Tiergarten. Moabit's borders are defined by three watercourses, the Spree, the Westhafen Channel and the Berlin-Spandau Navigation Channel. (help· info), IPA: , is the capital city as well as a state of Germany, and also the countrys largest city. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Berlin is subdivided into 12 boroughs (Bezirke in German), which are administrative units with political rights comparable to incorporated communities in the rest of Germany (although they are not separate legal entities from the city). ... Berlin-Mitte or Mitte is the central-most borough of Berlin (Mitte is German for centre). ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... Tiergarten (Animal Garden) is a large park and a former borough of Berlin, since 2001 a part of the expanded borough Mitte. ... The Spree (Slavic Špreva or Špreja, older form Sprevja, Sorbish Sprowja) is a river in Saxony, Brandenburg and Berlin, Germany. ...

Contents


Name

The origin of the name Moabit is disputed. Arguably it can be traced back to the first inhabitants of the area, the Huguenots, in the time of Frederick William I of Prussia. These French refugees named their new residence by analogy to the Biblical description of the Israelites in the country of Moab, where they stayed before being allowed to enter Canaan. Other possible origins include the French "terre maudit"" (cursed land), the Slavic "moch" (moor) or a worn off pronunciation of the German (Berlin dialect) "Moorjebiet" (swamp area). In the 16th and 17th centuries, the name of Huguenots came to apply to members of the Protestant Reformed Church of France. ... Frederick William I of Prussia (in German: Friedrich Wilhelm I), of the House of Hohenzollern, (August 14, 1688 – May 31, 1740), often known as the Soldier-King reigned as King in Prussia (1713 - 1740). ... The Bible (Hebrew תנ״ך tanakh, Greek η Βίβλος [hē biblos] ) (sometimes The Holy Bible, The Book, Good Book, Word of God, The Word Scripture), from Greek (τα) βίβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, is the classical name for the Hebrew Bible of Judaism or the combination of the Old Testament and New Testament of Christianity (The... An Israelite is a member of the Twelve Tribes of Israel, descended from the twelve sons of the Biblical patriarch Jacob who was renamed Israel by God in the book of Genesis, 32:28 The Israelites were a group of Hebrews, as described in the Bible. ... Moab (מוֹאָב, Standard Hebrew Moʾav, Tiberian Hebrew Môʾāḇ Greek Μωάβ; Assyrian Muaba, Maba, Maab; Egyptian Muab) is the historical name for a mountainous strip of land in modern-day Jordan running along the eastern shore of the Dead Sea. ... For other uses, see Canaan (disambiguation). ... The Slavic languages (also called Slavonic languages), a group of closely related languages of the Slavic peoples and a subgroup of Indo-European languages, have speakers in most of Eastern Europe, in much of the Balkans, in parts of Central Europe, and in the northern part of Asia. ...


Demography

For a long time, Moabit was sparsely inhabited. Its population grew considerably after its incorporation into Berlin in 1861: 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ...

  • 13th century: The area known as "Greater Heathland" is incorporated into Berlin.
  • 1716: Formation of the colony of Moabit ("Old Moabit")
  • 1801: 120 Inhabitants
  • 1805: 201 Inhabitants
  • 1818: Formation of New Moabit, which grew together with Old Moabit to an industrial suburb district.
  • 1861: ca. 6,534 Inhabitants
  • 1871: 14,818 Inhabitants
  • 1880: 29,693 Inhabitants
  • 1910: 190,000 Inhabitants

(12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Heaths are anthropogenic habitats found primarily in northern and western Europe, where they have been created by thousands of years of human clearance of natural forest vegetation by grazing and burning on mainly infertile acidic soils. ... // Events August 5 - In the Battle of Peterwardein 40. ... The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... 1818 is a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ... 1871 was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... -1...

Historical notes

The industrialization of Moabit began in 1820 when, with the financial support of court counsellor Baillif, a simple bridge was built to connect the island to the mainland. The bridge was followed by factories, a power plant, the Berlin-Spandau navigation channel, the Westhafen port and the station Hamburger Bahnhof. 1820 was a leap year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


A first prison was built in 1848, soon followed by other penal institutions and a court of law. This resulted in an exponential growth of the population, facilitating the spreading of a smallpox epidemic. In consequence, Berlin's second hospital was built in Moabit. 1848 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... In mathematics, a quantity that grows exponentially (or geometrically) is one that grows at a rate proportional to its size. ...


On 9 November 1918, Philipp Scheidemann proclaimed the Weimar Republic from a window in Moabit. November 9 is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 52 days remaining. ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Philipp Scheidemann ( 26 July 1865– 29 November 1939) was a German Social Democratic politician, who was responsible for the proclamation of the Republic on 9 November 1918, and who became the first Chancellor of the Weimar Republic. ... Flag of Weimar Republic, 1919–1933 Coat of arms The Weimar Republic (German Weimarer Republik, IPA: []) is the historical name for the republic that governed Germany from 1919 to 1933. ...


Large parts of Moabit are traditional working-class residential areas. Some areas were known for their political activity during the Nazi era, such as the "red Beusselkiez" or the neighbouring "Rostock Kiez". After Hitler's takeover in 1933 they were considered Communist resistance cells. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Nazism. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ...


Moabit today

With the fall of the Berlin Wall, Moabit's location has changed from a border district of West Berlin to a central district in the reunited city. Due to its proximity to the new Government District, many new buildings are being built there, such as for example the Ministry of Internal Affairs. Remnant of the Berlin Wall near Potsdamer Platz, June 2003. ...


The new central station of Berlin, Berlin Hauptbahnhof - Lehrter Bahnhof, is currently being built at Invalidenstraße, where the east-west railway axis and the north-south axis (under construction) meet. It will be Europe's largest train station. Berlin Hauptbahnhof – Lehrter Bahnhof is the provisional name of Berlins new central station, scheduled to open in 2006. ... World map showing Europe Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiogeographic one. ...


In the early hours of 7 November, 2005, five cars were set on fire in Moabit. It remains unclear who the perpetrators were or whether the attacks had a connection to the 2005 civil unrest in France.[1] November 7 is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 54 days remaining. ... A torched car in Strasbourg, 5 November. ...


External links

(all links in German language)

  • Moabit in the Berlin district encyclopedia
  • Moabit online
  • Moabiter Ratschlag
  • Online magazine of the quarter management for west Moabit
  • Kulturfabrik Moabit
  • Hamburger Bahnhof - Contemporary Museum

Literature

  • Saeger, Olaf, Moabiter Details - Schatten im Paradies, Berlin 1995, ISBN 3925191593

  Results from FactBites:
 
Moab - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2014 words)
The Moabites were a historical people, whose existence is attested to by numerous archeological findings, most notably the Mesha Stele, which describes the Moabite victory over an unnamed son of King Omri Israel (see 2 Kings 3).
The conflict between the Israelites and the Moabites is expressed in the biblical narrative describing the Moabites' incestuous origins.
Another Moabite king, Muẓuri ("the Egyptian" ?), is mentioned as one of the subject princes at the courts of Esarhaddon and Assurbanipal, while Kaasḥalta, possibly his successor, is named on cylinder B of Assurbanipal.
BibleMaster.com - Study Aids - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (1798 words)
The Moabites were of Semitic stock and of kin to the Hebrews, as is indicated by their descent from Lot, the nephew of Abraham (Genesis 19:30-37), and by their language which is practically the same as the Hebrew.
Bands of Moabites ventured to raid the land of Israel when weakened by the conflict with Hazael (2 Kings 13:20), but Moab was probably subdued again by Jeroboam II (2 Kings 14:25), which may be the disaster to Moab recounted in Isaiah 15.
The Moabites lost their identity as a nation and were afterward confounded with the Arabs, as we see in the statement of Josephus (XIII, xiii, 5), where he says that Alexander (Janneus) overcame the Arabians, such as the Moabites and the Gileadites.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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