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Encyclopedia > Mo Udall
Morris Udall
Morris Udall

Morris King Udall (June 15, 1922December 12, 1998), better known as Mo, was an American politician who served as a U.S. Representative from Arizona from May 2, 1961 to May 4, 1991. A former professional basketball player with the old National Basketball League Denver Nuggets, noted for his liberal views, Mo Udall was a tall, Lincolnesque figure with a self-deprecating wit and easy manner. Because of his wit, reporter David Broder deemed him "too funny to be president", which also ended up being the title of his autobiography in the 1980s. Udall earned a law degree from the University of Arizona in 1949. He was a non-practicing member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Image File history File links Morris Udall, former U.S. congressman from Arizona. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar). ... December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Seal of the House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives (or simply the House) is the lower of the two chambers of the United States Congress, the other being the Senate. ... Official language(s) English Capital Phoenix Largest city Phoenix Area  Ranked 6th  - Total 113,998 sq mi (295,254 km²)  - Width 310 miles (500 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 0. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Sara Giauro shoots a three-point shot, FIBA Europe Cup for Women Finals 2005. ... The National Basketball League was a professional basketball league in the United States from 1937 to 1949. ... The Denver Nuggets were a National Basketball Association team based in Denver, Colorado. ... American liberalism—that is, liberalism in the United States of America—is a broad political and philosophical mindset, favoring individual liberty, and opposing restrictions on liberty, whether they come from established religion, from government regulation, from the existing class structure, or from multi-national corporations. ... Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed Honest Abe, the Rail Splitter, and the Great Emancipator, was an American politician who served as the 16th President of the United States (1861 to 1865), and the first president from the Republican Party. ... Look up Wit in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... David Broder David S. Broder is a Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist, currently with The Washington Post. ... For the film, see The American President (film). ... Cover of An autobiography, from the Greek auton, self, bios, life and graphein, write, is a biography written by the subject or composed conjointly with a collaborative writer (styled as told to or with). The term dates from the late eighteenth century, but the form is much older. ... The 1980s refers to the years of 1980 to 1989. ... The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1949 calendar). ... The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the largest attraction in the citys Temple Square. ...


Early life

Mo Udall was born in St. Johns, Arizona, a son of Levi Stewart Udall. He lost one of his eyes to a friend's pocket knife at the age of 6, while the two were attempting to cut some string, and wore a glass eye for the rest of his life. He attempted to enlist in the Army early in World War II, and almost succeeded, by covering his glass eye each time he was told to alternate during the eye exam. After he was medically cleared, another potential enlistee complained that he had been medically rejected for flat feet, while Udall had been cleared with a blind eye. This caused the examiners to retest Udall under closer scrutiny, and he was rejected. Later, medical standards changed and Udall served in the Army until the end of the war. St. ... Levi Stewart Udall (January 20, 1891 – May 30, 1960) was a U.S. lawyer who served as Chief Justice of the Arizona Supreme Court. ...

Later, Udall attended the University of Arizona, where he was a star basketball player. He played for the Denver Nuggets for one year following graduation, and then returned to the University of Arizona for law school. The University of Arizona (UA or U of A) is a land-grant and space-grant public institution of higher education and research located in Tucson, Arizona, United States. ... The Denver Nuggets were a National Basketball Association team based in Denver, Colorado. ...

Political career

In 1961 his brother Stewart Udall, the congressman for Arizona's second congressional district, was appointed Secretary of the Interior in the Kennedy administration. Mo Udall was elected to fill his brother's vacant seat and would go on to be reelected for 14 terms. Stewart Udall Stewart Lee Udall (born January 31, 1920) was an American politician. ... The United States Secretary of the Interior is the head of the United States Department of the Interior, concerned with such matters as national parks and The Secretary is a member of the Presidents Cabinet. ... For other persons named John Kennedy, see John Kennedy (disambiguation). ...

During his tenure in Congress, Udall was best-noted for his championship of environmentalist causes. He was also known for his devotion to campaign finance reform and the welfare of Native Americans. He authored the Alaska Lands Act of 1980, which doubled the size of the national parks system, as well as legislation concerned with protecting archeological finds, enacting civil service reform, legalizing Indian casinos, and providing for the safe disposal of radioactive waste. The historic Blue Marble photograph, which helped bring environmentalism to the public eye. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Campaign finance. ... Indigenous peoples in the United States are distinct groups of peoples who are indigenous to what is now states or territories of the United States of America. ... Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales, UK A national park is a reserve of land, usually declared and owned by a national government, protected from most human development and pollution. ... Archaeology or sometimes in American English archeology (from the Greek words αρχαίος = ancient and λόγος = word/speech) is the study of human cultures through the recovery, documentation and analysis of material remains, including architecture, artefacts, biofacts, human remains, and landscapes. ... A civil servant or public servant is a civilian career public sector employee working for a government department or agency. ... // Native American gambling enterprises comprise gambling businesses operated on Indian reservations or tribal land, which have limited sovereignty and therefore the ability to exist outside of direct state regulation. ... An illustration showing the various sources of nuclear waste Radioactive waste is waste type containing radioactive chemical elements that does not have a practical purpose. ...

In 1979, Udall was diagnosed with incurable Parkinson's disease. By 1991, his health had deteriorated to the point where he was forced to resign from Congress. He died on December 12, 1998 of complications from his illness. For the Smashing Pumpkins song, see 1979 (song). ... A resignation is the formal act of giving up ones office or position. ...

Presidential campaign

In 1976, he ran for the Democratic nomination for President as a liberal alternative to the Southern centrist Jimmy Carter, the former Governor of Georgia. Carter had gone from obscure maverick to front runner after a string of early caucus and primary victories, beginning in Iowa and New Hampshire. At the time of the Wisconsin primary in April, most of the original 10 candidates had dropped out, leaving Udall, Senator Henry "Scoop" Jackson of Washington, Governor George Wallace of Alabama, and Carter. Udall looked set to win the primary and as the returns ticked in, it looked like he would win it. This might have slowed down the Carter momentum. Udall was projected the winner, exclaiming "Oh, how sweet it is". But as the election night progressed, Carter began chipping away at Udall's lead, eventually going into the lead. 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ... In politics, centrism usually refers to the political ideal of promoting moderate policies which land in the middle ground between different political extremes. ... James Earl Jimmy Carter, Jr. ... A caucus is most generally defined as being a meeting of supporters or members of a political party or movement. ... A primary election is an election in which registered voters in a jurisdiction select the candidates who will enter a subsequent election (nominating primary). ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Official language(s) None Capital Madison Largest city Milwaukee Area  Ranked 23rd  - Total 65,498 sq mi (169,790 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 310 miles (500 km)  - % water 17  - Latitude 42°30N to 47°3N  - Longitude 86°49W to 92°54W Population  Ranked... Henry Martin Scoop Jackson (May 31, 1912 – September 1, 1983) was a U.S. Congressman and Senator for Washington State from 1941 until his death. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Governor George Wallace (in front of door) standing defiantly against desegregation while being confronted by Deputy U.S. Attorney General Nicholas Katzenbach at the University of Alabama in 1963. ... Official language(s) English Capital Montgomery Largest city Birmingham Area  Ranked 30th  - Total 52,419 sq mi (135,765 km²)  - Width 190 miles (306 km)  - Length 330 miles (531 km)  - % water 3. ...

Some newspapers actually proclaimed Udall the winner because of his lead the night before, not unlike the famous incident in the 1948 presidential election, in which the headlines of the Chicago Tribune erroneously proclaimed "Dewey defeats Truman." Presidential electoral votes by state. ... A headline is text at the top of a newspaper article, indicating the nature of the article below it. ... The Chicago Tribune is a major daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois. ... Thomas Dewey Thomas Edmund Dewey (March 24, 1902 – March 16, 1971) was the Governor of New York (1943-1955) and the unsuccessful Republican candidate for the U.S. Presidency in 1944 and 1948. ... For the victim of Mt. ...

Carter's win was by 1%, which was no more than 7,500 votes. He won 37% to Udall's 36%, gaining one more convention delegate than Udall. Despite the small margins, Carter got the headlines and a further boost to his momentum, pulling away from Udall and the other candidates. In the end, Udall finished second in the New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Wisconsin, New York, Michigan, South Dakota, and Ohio primaries, and won the caucuses in his home state of Arizona, while running even with Carter in the New Mexico caucuses. Udall finished a distant second place to Carter at the Democratic National Convention, where his name was placed in nomination by Archibald Cox, and Udall's speech received great applause from his supporters. Archibald Cox, Jr. ...

During the Michigan primary, the Carter campaign had Coleman Young, the mayor of Detroit, accuse Udall of racism for belonging to the Mormon church, which at the time, did not allow blacks to serve in the church's priesthood (since changed in 1978 by revelation to the Mormon prophet, Spencer Kimball). Young's attack was at least somewhat unfair, since Udall had been a longtime critic of that church policy, and had ceased being an active member because of it. Carter's subsequent sweeping of the black vote in the Michigan primary was key to his crucial and narrow victory in Michigan.

Udall supported Senator Edward Kennedy's challenge to President Carter in 1980, and Kennedy won the Arizona caucuses, one of only three wins for Kennedy in the west. Udall delivered the keynote speech at the 1980 Democratic convention, which was a typically witty Udall speech. Udall considered running for president again in 1984, but his illness kept him on the sidelines. At the convention that summer, Udall introduced his old foe, President Carter.


  • "I'm a one-eyed Mormon Democrat from conservative Arizona, and you can't have a higher handicap than that."
  • "Let's turn inflation over to the post office. That'll slow it down."
  • "Everything has been said but not everyone has said it."
  • "If nominated, I shall run to Mexico. If elected, I shall fight extradition. (On running for president in 1980. Some reports say he said "Canada" rather than "Mexico.")
  • "I have learned the difference between a cactus and a caucus. On a cactus, the pricks are on the outside."
  • "What's the difference between a pigeon and an Iowa farmer? A pigeon can still make a deposit on a tractor." (While criticizing the economy on the campaign trail in 1976.)
  • "The people have spoken, the bastards." (After finishing second in the fifth presidential primary in a row.)

The Salt Lake Temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the most-recognized architectural symbol of Mormonism For other uses, see Mormon (disambiguation). ... Conservatism is a political philosophy that usually favors traditional values and strong foreign defense. ... The United States Postal Service (USPS) is an independent establishment of the executive branch of the United States Government (see ) responsible for providing postal service in the United States. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Wikipedia:Translation/Cactus Genera See Taxonomy of the Cactaceae The name cactus, plural cacti or cactuses, has been traditionally given to any member of the flowering plant family Cactaceae. ... A caucus is most generally defined as being a meeting of supporters or members of a political party or movement. ...


In 1992, the US Congress founded the Morris K. Udall Foundation for excellence in environmental policy. It is an agency of the executive branch of the federal government, and amongst other functions, gives scholarships to students of environmental policy. The Morris K. Udall Foundation is an independent agency of the Executive Branch of the United States Government. ... Scholarship is the pursuit of academic research, whether in the arts and humanities or sciences, and in all such fields means deep mastery of a subject, often through study at institutions of higher education. ...

Federal funds for Parkinson's research are designated through the Morris K. Udall Parkinson's Research and Education Act. The legislation funded a nation network of "Centers of Excellence" to diagnose and treat Parkinson disease patients, and to refer patients into research protocols.

In 1996, Mo received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President Clinton. The Presidential Medal of Freedom The Presidential Medal of Freedom is one of the two highest civilian awards in the United States, considered the equivalent of the Congressional Gold Medal of Honor. ...

Udall Point, Guam, the westernmost place in the United States, is named for him. Point Udall Millennium Monument The easternmost and westernmost points in the United States are named for two brothers. ...

Mo's son, Mark Udall, was elected to the U.S. Congress from Colorado's 2nd district in 1998. Udall poses with an eagle, which was brought to his office to highlight his efforts at protecting the species. ...

The city of Tucson, Arizona, has a city park and its main post office named in his honor. Nickname: The Old Pueblo Location in Pima County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Pima Mayor Bob Walkup (R) Area    - City 505. ...

See also

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Morris Udall
Preceded by
Stewart Udall
U.S. Representative, Arizona 2nd Congressional District
Succeeded by
Ed Pastor

  Results from FactBites:
Mo Udall (819 words)
Mo Udall's health had deteriorated markedly in recent years as a result of arthritis and progressive worsening of Parkinson's disease, a treatable but incurable degenerative neurological illness that causes tremors and muscular rigidity.
Udall was particularly effective as chairman of the Interior Committee, a position he had held since 1976.
Udall was born June 15, 1922, in St. Johns, Ariz. He was one of six children in a pioneer Mormon family, though he was not active in the church in his adult years.
Stewart Udall - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (285 words)
Stewart Udall served as U.S. Representative from Arizona from 1955 to 1961 and then as Secretary of the Interior under Presidents John F. Kennedy and Lyndon B. Johnson from 1961 to 1969.
He was the brother of Congressman and 1976 presidential candidate Mo Udall; he served as Mo's campaign manager during the primary election which Mo lost to Jimmy Carter.
Stewart's son Tom Udall, and nephew Mark Udall, are currently serving in the U.S. House of Representatives.
  More results at FactBites »



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