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Encyclopedia > Mithila

Mithila (Sanskrit: मिथिला, mithilā) was a kingdom in ancient India. It existed in the eastern Gangetic plains in areas which is today spread over more than half of Bihar state of India, and parts of adjoining Nepal. Mithila was the capital of Videha Kingdom as per epic Ramayana. This city is identified as modern day Janakpur in Dhanusa district of Nepal. The country of Videha is sometimes referred as Mithila though it was the capital city, much the same way as Kosala Kingdom is referred as Ayodhya though Ayodhya was the capital of Kosala kingdom. Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Ancient India may refer to: The ancient History of India, which generally includes the ancient history of the whole Indian subcontinent (South Asia) Indus Valley Civilization — during the Bronze Age Vedic period — the period of Vedic Sanskrit, spanning the late Bronze Age and the earlier Iron Age Mahajanapadas — during the... The Gangetic Plains are the part of the Ganges River (or River Ganga) that flows across Indias northern plains. ... For other uses, see Bihar (disambiguation). ... Capital: Mithila (Janakpur, , Bihar) Videha was the kingdom of the royal sage Seeradhwaja Janaka. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... Janakpur, 110000 inhabitants, is a city in the Dhanusa, southern Terai, Nepal, approximately 400 km south-east of Kathmandu, 22 km from the Indian border. ... Dhanusa district, a part of Janakpur zone, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal, a landlocked country of South Asia. ... Capital: Ayodhya (Ayodhya, Faisabad, Uttar Pradesh) Kosala Proper or Uttara Kosala is the kigdom of the celebrated personality of Treta Yuga, Raghava Rama. ... Ayodhya   (Hindi: अयोध्या, Urdu: ایودھیا IAST Ayodhyā) is an ancient city of India, the old capital of Awadh, in the Faizabad district of Uttar Pradesh. ...


According to D.D. Kosāmbi, Śatpath Brāhmana tells that Māthava Videgha, led by his priest Gotama Rahugana, was the first king who crossed Sadānirā (supposed to be Gandaka) and founded a kingdom, where the people named videhas lived at the time of composition of Śatpath Brāhmana. Gotama Rahugana was a vedic rishi who composed many hymns of the first mandala of Rgveda. Most notable Rgvedic hymns of Gotama Rahugana are those which praise Sva-rājya, which was indisputably the State of Videgha which later became Videha due to phonetic change. Māthava Videgha, therefore, must belong to the Rgvedic period and must have preceded the period of Śatpath Brāhmana by a considerable gap. Rgveda also mentions hymns by Kāśirāja Pratardana in tenth mandala. Hence, Mithilā and Kāśhi formed part of the region in which Rgvedic peoples lived. Descendandants of Gotama Rahugana were called Gautama. One such sage lived near Ahilya-sthāna during the age of Rāmāyana.


The legend of Mithila extends over many centuries. Both Gautama Buddha and Vardamana Mahavira are said to have lived in Mithila. It also formed the center of Indian history during the first millennium, and has contributed to various literary and scriptural works. Media:Example. ... Idol of Lord Mahavira at Shri Mahaveerji (the holy town in Rajasthan named after Mahavira. ...


Maithili is the language spoken in Mithila. Linguists consider Maithili to be an Eastern Indic language, and thus a different language from Hindi, which is Central Indic. Maithili has previously been considered a dialect of both Hindi and Bengali. In fact Maithili is now a part of the Eighth Schedule of Indian official languages. Maithili is of the family of Indo-Aryan languages, which are part of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. ... Maithili is of the family of Indo-Aryan languages, which are part of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. ... Maithili is of the family of Indo-Aryan languages, which are part of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. ... Hindi (DevanāgarÄ«: or , IAST: , IPA:  ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the 22 official languages of India and is also used for central government administrative purposes , along with English. ... Bengali or Bangla (IPA: ) is an Indo-Aryan language of the eastern Indian subcontinent, evolved from the Magadhi Prakrit, Pāli and Sanskrit languages. ... Maithili is of the family of Indo-Aryan languages, which are part of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. ...


The most important reference to Mithila is in the Hindu epic, Ramayana where Lord Rama's wife Sita is said to have been the princess of the land, born to King Janaka, who ruled Mithila from Janakpur. Other famous kings of Mithila during ancient period are King Bhanumath, Satghumanya, Suchi, Urjnama, Satdhwya, Kriti, Anjan, Arisnami, Srutayu, Supasyu, Suryasu, Srinjay, Sourmabi, Anena, Bhimrath, Satyarath, Upangu, Upgupt, Swagat, Snanand, Subrachya, Supraswa, Subhasn, Suchurut, Susurath, Jay, Vijay, Critu, Suny, Vith Habya, Dwati, Bahulaswa, Kriti Tirtiya.1 Bhavna says there are 300 million gods in Hinduism. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ... Rama ( in IAST, in Devanāgarī) or Ramachandra is a legendary or historical king of ancient India. ... Lord Rama (center) with wife Sita, brother Lakshmana and devotee Hanuman. ... In ancient India, Janaka (Sanskrit: जनक, janaka) or Raja Janaka (राजा जनक, rājā janaka) was the king of Mithila Kingdom. ... Janakpur, 110000 inhabitants, is a city in the Dhanusa, southern Terai, Nepal, approximately 400 km south-east of Kathmandu, 22 km from the Indian border. ...


Mithila is also the name of a style of Hindu art created in the Mithila area. It started as ritual geometric and symbolic decorations of households done by women, especially before a marriage, on the walls and floors of a house, and not known to many outside the region. After paper was brought to the area, women began to sell their artwork and expand their subjects to popular and local Hindu deities as well as to the depiction of everyday events. Ganga Devi is perhaps the most famous Mithila artist; she illustrated traditional ritual Mithila decorations, depictions of popular deities, scenes from the Ramayana, and events in her own life. A miniature, Kishengarh, Jaipur, Rajasthan Indian cave art at Bhimbetka The vast scope of the art of India intertwines with the cultural history, religions and philosophies which place art production and patronage in social and cultural contexts. ... The Hindu religion has a deep significance and meaning for the institution of marriage. ... Within Hinduism a large number of personalities, or forms, are worshipped as murtis. ... For the television series by Ramanand Sagar, see Ramayan (TV series). ...

Contents

Geography and climate

The whole Mithila region is situated in the northern plain of Ganges. Main places in this region are Darbhanga, Madhubani and Janakpur, Janakpur is now in Nepal's region. The climate in this region is mainly dry and cool. In summers the temperature wanders around the 35 to 45 degree Celsius range and in winter it is 5 to 15 degrees Celsius. This area is very near to the mean sea level hence the winter becomes uncomfortable. The months of February to March and then October to November are the best ones to roam around.


The soil is suited for agriculture, which is the region's main economic stake. Rainfall is sufficient for agriculture.


This area is flooded every year causing terrific problem in the life of peoples and loss of billions of rupees. Dams on various rivers are felt by some people to be urgent necessary for the people. But others fear that large dams in an earthquake-prone zones will be more disastrous than annual floods.


Economy

Agriculture is the main economic stake of the region. Main crops are paddy, wheat, pulses, moong, urad, arhar, jute (with a recent decline in its production), and maize. These days, with agriculture not able to compete with other parts of the country, it's becoming one of the most backward regions. Flood destroys enormous amounts of crop every year. Due to absence of Industries, weak educational infrastructure and criminalized politics, the majority of youth has to relocate for education and earnings. At the bright side of this relocation, it has made them key players in leading sectors and locations of India. Paddy has these meanings:- A paddy field, a field for cultivating rice or other semi-aquatic crops. ... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... The Food and Agricultural Organisation of the United Nations (FAO) defines pulses as annual leguminous crops yielding from one to 12 grains or seeds of variable size, shape and colour within a pod. ... Binomial name Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek Synonyms Phaeolus aureus Roxb. ... Binomial name Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper White lentils Urad, also referred to as the urd bean, urd, urid, black gram, black lentil or white lentil (Vigna mungo) is a bean grown in southern Asia. ... Binomial name Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. ... The word Jute is also used in reference to the Germanic people, the Jutes. ... This article is about the maize plant. ...



Mithla Painting is now gaining market share back. Now, government is also supporting this as national heritage.


People and life

This part of the land is rich with culture and traditions. People here respect their parents and believe in peaceful life. With a strong belief in God, they generally live in larger families. Main cultural extravaganza happens during marriages and festivals; Holi, Diwali, Durga Puja, Chhath, Shivratri, Madhushravni (mainly concerned with newly married couples), and Muharram are the most celebrated ones. This article discusses the term God in the context of monotheism and henotheism. ... The Hindu religion has a deep significance and meaning for the institution of marriage. ... The Hindu religion has many festivals. ... For the Indian film of the same name, see Holi (film). ... Diwali,or Deepawali, (also called Tihar and Swanti in Nepal) (Markiscarali) is a major Indian and Nepalese festive holiday. ... Durga Puja (Bengali: দুর্গাপূজা Durga Puja) is the biggest festival of Hindus in Bihar, West Bengal, East Bengal, Jharkhand, and Bengali Hindus all over the world. ... Chhath or Dala Chhath is a Hindu festival, which is unique to Bihar state, India and Terai of Nepal. ... Maha Shivratri or Maha Sivaratri or Shivaratri or Sivaratri (Night of Shiva) is a Hindu festival celebrated every year on the 13th night/14th day in the Krishna Paksha of the month Maagha (as per Shalivahana) or Phalguna(as per Vikrama) in the Hindu Calendar. ... Muharram (Arabic: محرم ) is the first month of the Islamic calendar. ...


A small film industry also exists. Of the many movies produced in Mailthili, "Sasta Jingi Mahag Senoor", "Mamta Gabe Geet" is perhaps the best known.


Natives of this region are called Maithil. Maithil People who belong or originated from Mithila. ...


Mundan is very popular tradition in Mithila. In mundan, the shaving of child's hair is done for the time in his life. This is accompanied with bhoj(party) and celebration. Sometimes, it become very extravagant. The Mundan ceremony, or Chadakarana, is a Hindu rite, or sanskara, in which a child receives his/her first haircut. ... The Mundan ceremony, or Chadakarana, is a Hindu rite, or sanskara, in which a child receives his/her first haircut. ...

The most unusual and important custom in Mithla is its Marriage tradition. It include four days mariage chautrthi, Barsait, Madhushravni, Kojagara , and finally duragman (second marriage).It is traditionally fixed using complex genealogical tables called Panjis among Brahmins and Karna Kayasthas. Panjis or Panji Prabandh are extensive genealogical records maintained among Maithil Brahmins and Karna Kayasthas of Mithila region of north Bihar, India. ... Young Indian brahmachari Brahmin A Brahmin (less often Brahman) is a member of the Hindu priestly caste. ...



The Story of Gonu Jha, is most favorite among grandmother stories to their grandchild. Maithili is so sweet and soft to listen and speak that it's tough to guess hot discussions among them.


External links

Ramayana by Valmiki
Characters
Dasharatha | Kausalya | Sumitra | Kaikeyi | Janaka | Manthara | Rama | Bharata | Lakshmana | Shatrughna | Sita | Urmila | Mandavi | Shrutakirti | Vishvamitra | Ahalya | Jatayu | Sampati | Hanuman | Sugriva | Vali | Angada | Jambavantha | Vibhishana | Tataka | Surpanakha | Maricha | Subahu | Khara | Ravana | Kumbhakarna | Mandodari | Mayasura | Sumali | Indrajit | Prahasta | Akshayakumara | Atikaya | Lava | Kusha
Other
Ayodhya | Mithila | Lanka | Sarayu | Treta Yuga | Raghuvamsa | Lakshman Rekha | Aditya Hridayam | Oshadhiparvata | Sundara Kanda | Vedavati | Vanara
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  Results from FactBites:
 
MITHILA ONLINE.....Gateway to Mithila (86 words)
Mithila is an ancient cultural region of South Nepal and North India lying between the lower ranges of the Himalayas and the Ganges River.
The Gandak and Kosi Rivers are rough western and eastern boundaries of Mithila.
The Ramayana records a dynastic marriage between Prince Rama of Ayodhya and Sita, the daughter of Raja Janak of Mithila.
Mithila - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (521 words)
* Mithila (Sanskrit: मिथिला, mithilā) was a kingdom in ancient India.
The most important reference to Mithila is in the Hindu epic, Ramayana where Lord Rama's wife Sita is said to have been the princess of the land, born to King Janaka, who ruled Mithila from Janakpur.
Ganga Devi is perhaps the most famous Mithila artist; she illustrated traditional ritual Mithila decorations, depictions of popular deities, scenes from the Ramayana, and events in her own life.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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