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Encyclopedia > Mistral missile
Mistral
Mistral
Basic data
Function short-range man portable surface-to-air missile
Contractor MBDA
Entered service 1988
General characteristics
Engine two-stage solid rocket motor
Launch mass 18.7 kg
Length 1.86 m
Diameter 90 mm
Wingspan 180 mm
Speed 800 m/s, approx. Mach 2.5 (high supersonic)
Range 5–6 km (effective against helicopters at up to 4 km)
Flying altitude 3 km
Warhead 3 kg HE
Guidance all-aspect infra-red, fire and forget
Fuzes laser proximity or impact triggered
Launch platform shoulder, helicopter and warship (used as anti-aircraft/anti-missile missile)

Mistral is an infrared homing surface-to-air missile manufactured by the European multinational company MBDA missile systems (formerly by Matra BAe Dynamics). Based on the French SATCP (Sol-Air À Très Courte Portée), the portable missile later to become the Mistral began development in 1974. It was initially deployed in 1988. Image File history File links Fr_mistral. ... MBDA is a European arms company which manufactures missiles and is the result of the 2002 merger of Aérospatiale-Matra Missiles (of EADS), Alenia Marconi Systems missile divisions and Matra BAe Dynamics. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Space Shuttle Columbia is initially launched with the help of solid-fuel boosters Solid rockets are rockets with a motor that uses solid propellants (fuel/oxidizer). ... The international prototype, made of platinum-iridium, which is kept at the BIPM under conditions specified by the 1st CGPM in 1889. ... The metre, or meter, is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ... Metre per second (U.S. spelling: meter per second) is an SI derived unit of both speed (scalar) and velocity (vector), defined by distance in metres divided by time in seconds. ... Mach number (Ma) (pronounced in British English with a Germanic ch, as mack or mark and as mock in American English) is defined as a ratio of the speed of an object or flow relative to the speed of sound in the medium through which it is travelling: Vo/Vs... A warhead is an explosive device used in military conflicts, used to destroy enemy vehicles or buildings. ... Preparing C-4 explosive This article is concerned solely with chemical explosives. ... Infra-red homing refers to a guidance system which uses the infra-red light emissions of a target to track it. ... Fire and forget is a third-generation method of missile guidance. ... Infra-red homing refers to a guidance system which uses the infra-red light emissions of a target to track it. ... A surface-to-air missile (SAM) is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft. ... Europe is conventionally considered one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... MBDA is a European arms company which manufactures missiles and is the result of the 2002 merger of Aérospatiale-Matra Missiles (of EADS), Alenia Marconi Systems missile divisions and Matra BAe Dynamics. ... Matra BAe Dynamics was formed in August 1996 by merger of half the missile business of Matra Defense of France and BAe Dynamics (a division of British Aerospace) of the UK and was Europes largest manufacturer of missiles and UAVs. ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Weapon platforms

Simbad anti-air defence missile system
Simbad anti-air defence missile system

The basic Mistral missile is used with a man-portable launch unit. There are also launch units that allow the missile to be fired from armoured vehicles, ships or helicopters (such as the Aérospatiale Gazelle, Denel Rooivalk, or Eurocopter Tiger). Image File history File links fr (original): Système de défense anti-aérienne Simbad en : Simbad anti-air defence missile system Quelle/Source: [1] Fotograf/Photographe/Photographer: Jean-Michel Roche Photo courtesy and autorisation of http://www. ... Image File history File links fr (original): Système de défense anti-aérienne Simbad en : Simbad anti-air defence missile system Quelle/Source: [1] Fotograf/Photographe/Photographer: Jean-Michel Roche Photo courtesy and autorisation of http://www. ... An SA-7 in use Russian Manportable SAM System SA-18/GROUSE MANPADS (Human-Portable Air-Defence System) are shoulder-launched surface-to-air missiles. ... The Gazelle is a helicopter developed as part of an Anglo-French venture between the Westland and Aérospatiale companies in 1968. ... The Denel Aviation AH-2 Rooivalk is a latest generation attack helicopter manufactured by Denel Aviation of South Africa. ... A Eurocopter Tiger in Australian Army colours. ...


The two-missile unit installed on ships is called Simbad. The six-missile version is the Sadral. The newly-launched four-missile version is called Tetral.


Inventory

Enlarge

Mistral entered series production in 1989 and is now deployed by 37 armed forces of 25 countries (8 countries in Europe, 8 in the Asia-Pacific, four in South America, 3 in the Middle East), including Finland, South Korea, France, Hungary, Pakistan, Oman, Singapore, New Zealand and South Africa. Over 16,000 missiles have been sold/ordered. Image File history File links Mistral-2. ... Image File history File links Mistral-2. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Combat performance

Enlarge

The Mistral's operational use encompasses the firing of more than 2000 missiles, with a success rate of over 92%. Image File history File links Mistral-1. ... Image File history File links Mistral-1. ...


External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Mistral missile
  • Official Mistral page at MBDA website
  • Mistral information at army-technology.com

  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Simbad missile (950 words)
Mistral is an infrared homing surface-to-air missile manufactured by the European multinational company MBDA missile systems (formerly by Matra BAe Dynamics).
The basic Mistral missile is used with a man-portable launch unit.
Mistral entered series production in 1989 and is now deployed by 37 armed forces of 25 countries (8 countries in Europe, 8 in the Asia-Pacific, four in South America, 3 in the Middle East), including Finland, South Korea, France, Hungary, Pakistan, Oman, Singapore, New Zealand and South Africa.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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