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Encyclopedia > Missouri Rhineland
Hermannhoff White Lady of Starkenburg wine is a German style wine made in the Missouri Rhineland.
Hermannhoff White Lady of Starkenburg wine is a German style wine made in the Missouri Rhineland.

The Missouri Rhineland is a geographical area of Missouri from west of St. Louis and slightly east of Jefferson City located mostly in the Missouri River valley. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 160 × 596 pixel Image in higher resolution (264 × 984 pixel, file size: 84 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Hermannhoff Whitelady of Starkenburg wine This image was created by Whitebox, and is licensed under the following license I, the creator of this... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 160 × 596 pixel Image in higher resolution (264 × 984 pixel, file size: 84 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Hermannhoff Whitelady of Starkenburg wine This image was created by Whitebox, and is licensed under the following license I, the creator of this... Official language(s) English Capital Jefferson City Largest city Kansas City Largest metro area St Louis Metro[1] Area  Ranked 21st  - Total 69,709 sq mi (180,693 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 300 miles (480 km)  - % water 1. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State Missouri Counties Cole and Callaway Government  - Mayor John Landwehr Area  - City  28. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ...


Settlements date to 1801. Dutzow, the first German permanent settlement in Missouri, was founded by Baron von Bock in 1832. Dutzow is an unincorported community in southeastern Warren County, Missouri. ...


The soils of the Missouri river valley and surrounding areas are mainly rocky residual soils, which are poor for most agricultural purposes but excellent for viticulture (growing of grapes/vineyards). These soils were left after the carbonate (mainly limestone) bedrock weathered away and left its impurities as clayey soil and chert fragments. Farther to the north, glacial deposits and wind deposited loess, a silty soil also associated with the glaciers, are intermingled with the residual soils. This type of soil is more conducive to other forms of agriculture but the steep slopes of these areas limited its use to vineyards.


Naturalist Gottfried Duden, a German attorney, settled on the North side of the Missouri river along Lake Creek in 1824. He was investigating the possibilities of settlement in the area by his countrymen. In 1827 he returned to Germany, which he felt was overpopulated. There he published a glowing “Eine Reise zu den westlichen Staaten von Nordamerika (A Journey to the Western states of North America)” in 1829. Gottfried Duden was a German writer from the 19th century. ...


German settlers led by Friedrich Muench and Paul Follenius of the Giessen Emigration Society arrived in the area in 1834. Friedrich Muench became known for his expertise in the cultivation of grapes and wine making. Muench was a prominent writer and lecturer and wrote a number of books. He frequently wrote under the name of "Far West." One of his books "American Grape Culture" was published in 1859. On the former farm of Friedrich Muench there still stands a stone barn with his name in the keystone. Their letters written home to friends and relatives brought more of their countrymen to the Missouri valley. Friedrich Münch (1799-1881) Friedrich Münch (June 25, 1799; Niedergemünden, Germany – 1881 Augusta, Missouri) was a German-American minister, winegrower, politician, author. ... Paul Follen (also Follenius; May 5 1799 - October 3 1844) was a German-American attorney and farmer, who had founded the Gießener Auswanderungsgesellschaft (Gießen Emigration Society). ... The Gießener Auswanderungsgesellschaft (Gießen emigration society) was founded 1833 in Gießen with the aim of establishing a German-populated federal state in the frame of the US. Naturalist Gottfried Duden, a German attorney, settled on the North side of the Missouri River along Lake Creek in 1824. ...


In 1836 the German Settlement Society began to look for a place to build a German community insulated from the increasing diversity of nationalities found in many American settlements. They choose to settle in Hermann and the first settlers arrived in 1837. The soil on the hillsides surrounding the settlement wasn't appropriate for many forms of agriculture. Hermann’s trustees decided to sell tracts of land with the agreement that they be planted as vineyards.


The Weinstrasse

The area along Highway 94 between Defiance and Marthasville has so many wineries that the highway has been nicknamed the Missouri Weinstrasse (wine road) and mostly runs parallel to much of the KATY Trail. This area has the highest concentration of wineries in the state. Many of these sit high up on bluffs or hills. Missouri State Highway 94 in eastern and central Missouri. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Marthasville is a city located in Warren County, Missouri. ... Katy Trail State Park is a state park in Missouri. ... “Precipice” redirects here. ...


Prior to Prohibition, Missouri was the United States' second largest producer of wine. Missouri ranked as the number one producer for a short while during the Civil War. In 1920, Missouri had over 100 wineries. Because of Prohibition, all wineries were shut down with one exception: Saint Stanislaus Seminary in Florissant, which made sacramental wine. Prohibition lasted until 1933 and ruined the Missouri wine business. Vineyards were either pulled up and used for other purposes or left untended. Winery facilities were either converted to serve other purposes or left to decay. The term Prohibition, also known as A Dry Law, refers to a law in a certain country by which the manufacture, transportation, import, export, and sale of alcoholic beverages is restricted or illegal. ... Florissant is a city in St. ...


Some wineries began producing again after Prohibition ended but serious production didn’t begin until the 1960s and 1970s. Augusta became the first American Viticultural Area in the United States in 1980 and Hermann followed in 1983. As of 2005, 64 wineries were operating in Missouri. Augusta is a town located in St. ... An American Viticultural Area (AVA) is a delimited grape-growing region distinguishable by geographic features, with boundaries defined by the United States governments Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB). ... Hermann, the county seat of Gasconade County, Missouri, was incorporated in 1845. ...


See also

Hermannhoff White Lady of Starkenburg wine Stone Hill Norton wine of 2003 St. ... Stone Hill Winery is located in Hermann, Missouri, with additional locations in Branson and New Florence, Missouri. ... Mount Pleasant Winery is a winery in Augusta, Missouri, founded in 1859 by the brothers George and Fredrick Munch, who chose this area because it reminded them of their home country Germany. ... The Gießener Auswanderungsgesellschaft (Gießen emigration society) was founded 1833 in Gießen with the aim of establishing a German-populated federal state in the frame of the US. Naturalist Gottfried Duden, a German attorney, settled on the North side of the Missouri River along Lake Creek in 1824. ...

External links

  • http://www.gallagherstravels.com/States/MO/rhineland/
  • http://www.blumenhof.com/dutzow.htm
  • http://www.katycentral.com/
  • http://web.umr.edu/~cwatkin/mooutdoors/article17,18,&19.htm
  • http://www.thewineman.com/MO_winehistory.htm
  • http://www.historicshrine.org/
  • http://washmohistorical.org/history_of_washington.htm
  • http://www.nwmissouri.edu/library/courses/history/gerbook.htm

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