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Encyclopedia > Missouri
State of Missouri
Flag of Missouri
Flag of Missouri Seal
Nickname(s): The Show-Me State
Motto(s): Salus populi suprema lex esto
Before Statehood Known as
The Missouri Territory
Official language(s) English
Demonym Missourian
Capital Jefferson City
Largest city Kansas City
Largest metro area St Louis[1]
Area  Ranked 21st in the US
 - Total 69,704 sq mi
(180,533 km²)
 - Width 240 miles (385 km)
 - Length 300 miles (480 km)
 - % water 1.17
 - Latitude 36° N to 40° 37′ N
 - Longitude 89° 6′ W to 95° 46′ W
Population  Ranked 18th in the US
 - Total 5,878,415[2]
 - Density 84.82/sq mi 
31/km² (27th in the US)
 - Median income  $32,705 (31st)
Elevation  
 - Highest point Taum Sauk Mountain[3]
1,772 ft  (540 m)
 - Mean 800 ft  (240 m)
 - Lowest point Saint Francis River[3]
230 ft  (70 m)
Admission to Union  August 10, 1821 (24th)
Governor Matt Blunt (R)
Lieutenant Governor Peter Kinder (R)
U.S. Senators Kit Bond (R)
Claire McCaskill (D)
Congressional Delegation List
Time zone Central : UTC-6/-5
Abbreviations MO US-MO
Website www.mo.gov

Missouri (pronounced /mɪˈzʊri/ or /mɪˈzʊrə/) is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States[4] bordered by Iowa, Illinois, Kentucky, Tennessee, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Kansas and Nebraska. Missouri is the 18th most populous state. It comprises 114 counties and one independent city. Missouri's capital is Jefferson City. The four largest urban areas are, in descending order, St. Louis, Kansas City, Springfield, and Columbia.[5] Missouri was originally purchased from France as part of the Louisiana Purchase and part of the Missouri Territory was admitted into the union as the 24th state in 1821. // Missouri may mean: Missouri, a US state pop. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Missouri. ... Missouri state seal Source http://usa. ... Flag of Missouri The flag of Missouri consists of the state seal centered on horizontal red, white, and blue stripes. ... The Missouri State Seal was adopted on January 11, 1822. ... This is a list of U.S. state nicknames -- both official and traditional (official state nicknames are in bold). ... Here is a list of state mottos for the states of the United States. ... Salus populi suprema lex esto (Latin Let the good of the people be the supreme law or The welfare of the people shall be the supreme law) is a state motto of Missouri, accepted, like many other states, as an element of its state seal. ... Missouri Territory was a historic, organized territory in the United States. ... Image File history File links Map_of_USA_MO.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Missouri ... The United States does not have an official language, but English is spoken by about 82% of the population as a native language. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State Missouri Counties Cole and Callaway Government  - Mayor John Landwehr Area  - City  28. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... In the United States, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) has produced a formal definition of metropolitan areas. ... Greater St. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... This is a complete list of the states of the United States ordered by total area, land area, and water area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... “km” redirects here. ... Map of states populations (2007) This is a list of states of the United States by population (with inhabited non-state jurisdictions included for comparison) as of July 1, 2007, according to the 2007 estimates of the United States Census Bureau. ... Map of states showing population density This is a list of the 50 U.S. states, ordered by population density. ... For information on the income of individuals, see Personal income in the United States. ... This is a list of United States states by elevation. ... Taum Sauk Mountain is part of a large parks-and-wilderness area. ... The Saint Francis river rises in Iron County, Missouri out of granite mountains. ... The order which the original 13 states ratified the constitution, then the order that the others were admitted to the union This is a list of U.S. states by date of statehood, that is, the date when each U.S. state joined the Union. ... is the 222nd day of the year (223rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... Matthew Roy Matt Blunt (born November 20, 1970) was elected Governor of Missouri on November 2, 2004. ... This is a complete and current List of United States Lieutenant Governors. ... Peter D. Kinder is an American politician from the State of Missouri. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Christopher Samuel Kit Bond (born March 6, 1939 in St. ... Claire McCaskill (born July 24, 1953) is an American Democratic politician, currently the junior United States Senator from the state of Missouri and former State Auditor of Missouri. ... Type Bicameral Houses Senate House of Representatives President of the Senate President pro tempore Dick Cheney, (R) since January 20, 2001 Robert C. Byrd, (D) since January 4, 2007 Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi, (D) since January 4, 2007 Members 535 plus 4 Delegates and 1 Resident Commissioner Political... These are tables of congressional delegations from Missouri to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... Map of U.S. time zones with new CST and EST areas displayed This is a list of United States of America States by time zone. ...  CST or UTC-6 The Central Standard Time Zone (CST) is a geographic region in the Americas that keeps time by subtracting six hours from UTC (UTC-6). ... ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... The following is a list of abbreviations used by the United States Postal Service. ... U.S. states This is a list of traditional abbreviations for U.S. states and territorries, which were in wide use prior to the U.S. postal abbreviations. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the Midwestern region in the United States. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... Missouri has 114 counties and one independent city. ... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State Missouri Counties Cole and Callaway Government  - Mayor John Landwehr Area  - City  28. ... Urban areas in the United States are defined by the U.S. Census Bureau as contiguous census block groups with a population density of at least 1,000 per square mile (about 400 per square km). ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... Springfield is a city in Christian and Greene Counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... The Louisiana Purchase (French: Vente de la Louisiane) was the acquisition by the United States of America of 828,000 square miles (2,140,000 km²) of French territory (Louisiana) in 1803. ... Missouri Territory was a historic, organized territory in the United States. ... Year 1821 (MDCCCXXI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


Missouri mirrors the demographic, economic and political makeup of the nation as a mixture of urban and rural culture. It has long been considered a political bellwether state.[6] It is a state with both Midwestern and Southern cultural influences, reflecting its history as a border state. It is also a blend between the eastern and western United States, as St. Louis is often called the "western-most eastern city" and Kansas City the "eastern-most western city." Missouri's geography is highly varied. The northern part of the state lies in dissected till plains while the southern part lies in the Ozark Mountains, with the Missouri River dividing the two. The confluence of the Mississippi and Missouri rivers is located near St. Louis.[7] Look up urban in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sign in a rural area in Dalarna, Sweden Qichun, a rural town in Hubei province, China Rural areas (also referred to as the country, countryside) are settled places outside towns and cities. ... Mean center of population for the United States, 1790–2000 (U.S. Census Bureau) The Missouri bellwether is a political phenomenon that notes that the state of Missouri has voted for the winner in every U.S. Presidential election since 1904 except in 1956. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... Historic Southern United States. ... In this map:  Union states  Union territories  Bleeding Kansas  Union border states that permitted slavery  The Confederacy  Union territories that permitted slavery The term border states refers to the five slave states of Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland, Missouri, and West Virginia which bordered a free state and aligned with the Union... The Dissected Till Plains are a land region of the United States, located in southern and western Iowa, northeastern Kansas, the southwestern corner of Minnesota, northern Missouri, eastern Nebraska, and southeastern South Dakota. ... Ozark redirects here. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... Look up confluence in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ...

Contents

Etymology and pronunciation

The state is named after the Missouri River which in turn is named after the Siouan Indian tribe whose Illinois name, ouemessourita (wimihsoorita[8]), means "those who have dugout canoes".[9] The etymology lies behind Bob Dyer's tribute, "River of the Big Canoes." The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... Siouan is a family of related Native American languages in North America. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Miami language. ... This article is about the boat. ...


The pronunciation of the final syllable of "Missouri" is a matter of controversy, with significant numbers insisting on a relatively tense vowel (as in "meet") or lax ("mitt" or "mutt"). The most thorough study of the question was done by dialectologist Donald Max Lance. From a linguistic point of view, there is no correct pronunciation, but rather, there are simply patterns of variation, diachronic as well as synchronic, according to such divisions as geography, age, education, and/or rural vs. urban location.


Geography

Main article: Geography of Missouri
Missouri, showing major cities and roads
Missouri, showing major cities and roads

Missouri borders eight different states, as does its neighbor, Tennessee. No state in the U.S. touches more than eight states. Missouri is bounded on the north by Iowa; on the east, across the Mississippi River, by Illinois, Kentucky, and Tennessee; on the south by Arkansas; and on the west by Oklahoma, Kansas, and Nebraska (the last across the Missouri River.) The two largest Missouri rivers are the Mississippi, which defines the eastern boundary of the state, and the Missouri, which flows from west to east through the state, practically connecting the two largest cities, Kansas City and St. Louis. Missouri, a state near the geographical center of the United States, has three distinct physiographic divisions: a north-western upland plain or prairie region part of the Interior Plains Central Lowland (areas Osage Plain 12f and Dissected Til Plains 12e) known as the northern plains a lowland in the extreme... File links The following pages link to this file: Missouri Categories: National Atlas images | Missouri maps ... File links The following pages link to this file: Missouri Categories: National Atlas images | Missouri maps ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ...


Although today the state is usually considered part of the Midwest,[10][11] historically Missouri was sometimes considered a Southern state,[12], chiefly because of the settlement of migrants from the South and its status as a slave state before the Civil War. The counties that made up "Little Dixie" were those along the Missouri River in the center of the state, settled by Southern migrants who held the greatest concentration of slaves. Midwest States (United States of America, ND to OH) The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... The U.S. Southern states or The South, known during the American Civil War era as Dixie, is a distinctive region of the United States with its own unique historical perspective, customs, musical styles, and cuisine. ...


Residents of cities farther north and the state's large metropolitan areas, including those where most of the state's population resides (Kansas City, St. Louis, Columbia), typically consider themselves Midwestern. In rural areas and cities farther south, such as (Cape Girardeau, Poplar Bluff, Springfield, and Sikeston), residents typically consider themselves more Southern. Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... “Cape Girardeau” redirects here. ... Poplar Bluff is a city located in Butler County, Missouri. ... Springfield is a city in Christian and Greene Counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... Sikeston (pronounced sīkstən), which was founded by John Sikes (1816-1867) in 1860, is a city in Scott County, Missouri and New Madrid County, Missouri. ...


Topography

A physiographic map of Missouri
A physiographic map of Missouri

North of the Missouri River lie the Northern Plains that stretch into Iowa, Nebraska, and Kansas. Here, gentle rolling hills remain behind from the glaciation that once extended from the north to the Missouri River. Missouri has many large river bluffs along the Mississippi, Missouri, and Meramec Rivers. The Ozark foothills begin around Rolla, and the Ozark plateau begins around Springfield and extends into northwestern Arkansas, southeast Kansas, and northeast Oklahoma. Springfield in southwestern Missouri lies on the northwesternmost part of the Ozark plateau. Southern Missouri is the home of the Ozark Mountains, a dissected plateau surrounding the Precambrian igneous St. Francois Mountains. from http://tapestry. ... from http://tapestry. ... A glaciation (a created composite term meaning Glacial Period, referring to the Period or Era of, as well as the process of High Glacial Activity), often called an ice age, is a geological phenomenon in which massive ice sheets form in the Arctic and Antarctic and advance toward the equator. ... Ozark redirects here. ... Springfield is a city in Christian and Greene Counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... This article is about the Ozark Plateau. ... Shaded relief map of Cumberland Plateau and Ridge and Valley Appalachians on the Virginia/West Virginia border A dissected plateau is an area that has been uplifted, then severely eroded so that the relief is sharp. ... The Precambrian (Pre-Cambrian) is an informal name for the supereon comprising the eons of the geologic timescale that came before the current Phanerozoic eon. ... Igneous rocks are formed when molten rock (magma) cools and solidifies, with or without crystallization, either below the surface as intrusive (plutonic) rocks or on the surface as extrusive (volcanic) rocks. ... This shaded-relief map shows the location and extent of the St. ...


The southeastern part of the state is home to the Bootheel, part of the Mississippi Alluvial Plain or Mississippi embayment. It is in this part of the state as well as the South Central part that speech patterns comparable to those of Kentucky, Arkansas, and Tennessee still exist. This region is the lowest, flattest, and wettest part of the state, and among the poorest, as the economy is mostly agricultural.[13] It is also the most fertile, growing cotton and rice predominantly. The Bootheel area was the epicenter of the New Madrid Earthquake of 1811–1812. This article is about the southeastern corner of the U.S. state of Missouri; the term Bootheel is also used to refer to the southwestern part of Hidalgo County, New Mexico. ... This article may be too technical for most readers to understand. ... The New Madrid Earthquake, the largest earthquake ever recorded in the contiguous United States, occurred on February 7, 1812. ...


Climate

Main article: Climate of Missouri

Missouri generally has a humid continental climate (Koppen climate classification Dfa), with cold winters and hot and humid summers. In the southern part of the state, particularly in the Bootheel, the climate borders on a humid subtropical climate (Koppen Cfa). Located in the interior United States, Missouri often experiences extremes in temperatures. Not having either large mountains or oceans nearby to moderate its temperature, its climate is alternately influenced by air from the cold Arctic and the hot and humid Gulf of Mexico. Missouri is a state in the United States. ... The Köppen climate classification is one of the most widely used climate classification systems. ...

Monthly Normal High and Low Temperatures For Various Missouri Cities
City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Columbia 37/18 44/23 55/33 66/43 75/53 84/62 89/66 87/64 79/55 68/44 53/33 42/22
Kansas City 36/18 43/23 54/33 65/44 75/54 84/63 89/68 87/66 79/57 68/46 52/33 40/22
Springfield 42/22 48/26 58/35 68/44 76/53 85/62 90/67 90/66 81/57 71/46 56/35 46/26
St. Louis 38/21 44/26 55/36 67/46 76/57 85/66 90/71 88/69 80/60 68/48 54/37 42/26
[1]
See also: List of Missouri state parks

This is a list of state parks in the U.S. state of Missouri. ...

History

Main article: History of Missouri
See also: Missouri in the American Civil War
Missouri state insignia
Motto Salus populi suprema lex esto
(Latin, "The welfare of the people shall be the supreme law")
Slogan Show Me
Bird Bluebird
Animal Missouri Mule (1995)
Fish Channel Catfish (1997)
Insect Honey bee (1985)
Flower Hawthorne (1923)
Tree Flowering Dogwood (1955)
Song "Missouri Waltz" (1949)
Quarter Missouri quarter
Released in 2003
Dance Square dance (1995)
Fossil Crinoid (1989)
Dinosaur Hypsibema missouriensis (2004) [2]
Gemstone Aquamarine
Mineral Galena (1967)
Rock Mozarkite (1967)
The Gateway Arch behind the Old Courthouse in St. Louis

Originally part of the 1803 Louisiana Purchase, Missouri was admitted as a slave state in 1821 as part of the Missouri Compromise. It earned the nickname "Gateway to the West" because it served as a departure point for settlers heading to the west. It was the starting point and the return destination of the Lewis and Clark Expedition. River traffic and trade along the Mississippi was integral to the state's economy. To try to control flooding, by 1860 the state had completed construction of 140 miles (230 km) of levees on the Mississippi.[14] This article is about the history of the U.S. state of Missouri. ... Division of the states during the Civil War:  Union states  Union territories  Border states  Bleeding Kansas  The Confederacy  Confederate territories (not always held) Missouri in the Civil War was a border state that sent men, generals, and supplies to both opposing sides, had its star on both flags, had state... These are lists of U.S. state insignia as designated by tradition or the respective state legislatures List of U.S. state amphibians List of U.S. state beverages List of U.S. state birds List of U.S. state butterflies List of U.S. state colors List of U... Here is a list of state mottos for the states of the United States. ... For other uses, see Latins and Latin (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Binomial name Sialia sialis (Linnaeus,, 1758) The Eastern Bluebird, Sialia sialis, is a medium-sized thrush found in open woodlands, farmlands and orchards. ... A state mammal is the official or representative animal of a U.S. state. ... The Missouri Mule cocktail was created for President Harry S Truman at the American Bar at the Savoy Hotel by the Head Barman Joe Gilmore. ... This is a list of official U.S. state fish: This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Binomial name (Rafinesque, 1818) Channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus, are North Americas most numerous catfish species. ... It has been suggested that List of U.S. state butterflies be merged into this article or section. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Subspecies North-west of Europe South-west of Europe Middle East Africa Synonyms Apis mellifica Linnaeus, 1761 The Western honey bee or European honey bee (Apis mellifera) is a species of honey bee. ... This is a list of U.S. state flowers: List of U.S. state trees Lists of U.S. state insignia ^ State Flower of Alabama. ... Species See text Crataegus (Hawthorn) is a large genus of in the family Rosaceae, native to temperate regions of the Northern Hemisphere in Europe, Asia and North America. ... This List of U.S. state trees includes official trees of the following states and U.S. possessions: See also Lists of U.S. state insignia National Grove of State Trees External link USDA list of state trees and flowers Categories: | | ... Binomial name Cornus florida L. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida or Benthamidia florida) is a showy small tree native to eastern and southeastern North America. ... Forty-nine states of the United States (all except New Jersey) have one or more state songs, selected by the state legislature as a symbol of the state. ... Missouri Waltz is the official state song of Missouri. ... Obverse of redesigned quarter The 50 State Quarters program is the release of a series of commemorative coins by the United States Mint. ... Download high resolution version (1154x1147, 178 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is a list of official U.S. state dances:[1] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ... Square dance is often used as a general term for modern Western square dance. ... Though every state in the United States has a State Bird and a State Flower, not every state in the United States has a State Fossil. ... Subclasses Articulata (540 species) Cladida (extinct) Flexibilia (extinct) Camerata (extinct) Disparida (extinct) Crinoids, also known as sea lilies or feather-stars, are marine animals that make up the class Crinoidea of the echinoderms (phylum Echinodermata). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into State fossil. ... Hypsibema is a little-known dinosaur from the Late Cretaceous. ... // Not every state has an official state mineral, rock, stone or gemstone. ... This article is about the mineral. ... // Not every state has an official state mineral, rock, stone or gemstone. ... For other uses, see Galena (disambiguation). ... // Not every state has an official state mineral, rock, stone or gemstone. ... Mozarkite is a form of chert (flint). ... from www. ... from www. ... The Jefferson National Expansion Memorial is located in St. ... 1803 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The Louisiana Purchase (French: Vente de la Louisiane) was the acquisition by the United States of America of 828,000 square miles (2,140,000 km²) of French territory (Louisiana) in 1803. ... The United States in 1820. ... Lewis and Clark redirects here. ...


Originally the state's western border was a straight line, defined as the meridian passing through the Kawsmouth,[15] the point where the Kansas River enters the Missouri River. The river has moved since this designation. This line is known as the Osage Boundary.[16] In 1835 the Platte Purchase was added to the northwest corner of the state after purchasing the land from the native tribes, making the Missouri River the border north of the Kansas River. This addition made what was already the largest state in the Union at the time (about 66,500 square miles (172,000 km²) to Virginia's 65,000 square miles (which included West Virginia at the time) even larger.[17] The Kansas River near De Soto Kaw River (map) looking southward from middle of Turner Diagonal bridge. ... The Platte Purchase, a historic region of the United States was the territory included the land between the Missouri River and the original state line. ...


As many of the early settlers in western Missouri migrated from the Upper South, they brought along enslaved African Americans and a desire to continue their culture and the institution of slavery. They settled predominately in 17 counties along the Missouri River, in an area of flatlands that enabled plantation agriculture and became known as "Little Dixie". In the early 1830s, Mormon migrants from northern states and Canada began settling near Independence and areas just north of there. Conflicts over slavery and religion arose between the 'old settlers' (mainly from the South) and the Mormons (mainly from the North and Canada). The 'Mormon War' erupted. By 1839 settlers expelled the Mormons from Missouri. Little Dixie is an informal name given to regions outside the American South where the culture was greatly influenced by the Southerners who settled there: Little Dixie (Missouri) Little Dixie (Oklahoma) Little Dixie is also an unincorporated community in Arkansas on the Woodruff - Prairie county line. ... This article is about the history and use of the word Mormon. For information about the religious beliefs and culture of Mormons, see Mormonism. ... Look up North in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Mormon War is a name sometimes given to the 1838 conflict which occurred between Latter-day Saints (Mormons) and their neighbors in the northwestern region of the U.S. state of Missouri. ...


Conflicts over slavery exacerbated border tensions among the states and territories. In 1838-1839 a border dispute with Iowa over the so-called Honey Lands resulted in both states' calling up militias along the border. After many incidents with Kansans crossing the western border for attacks (including setting a fire in the historic Westport area of Kansas City), a border war erupted between Missouri and Kansas. The Honey Lands were a strip of territory disputed between the U.S. state of Missouri and the Iowa Territory. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


From the 1830s to the 1860s, Missouri's population almost doubled with every decade. Most of the newcomers were Americans, but many Irish and German immigrants arrived in the late 1840s and 1850s. Having fled famine, oppression and revolutionary upheaval, they were not sympathetic to slavery.


Most Missouri farmers practiced subsistence farming. The majority of those who held slaves had fewer than 5 each. Planters, defined by historians as those holding 20 or more slaves, were concentrated in the counties known as "Little Dixie", in the central part of the state along the Missouri River. The tensions over slavery had chiefly to do with the future of the state and nation. In 1860 enslaved African Americans made up less than 10% of the state's population of 1,182,012.[18]


After the secession of Southern states began, the Missouri legislature called for the election of a special convention on secession. The convention voted decisively to remain within the Union. Pro-Southern Governor Claiborne F. Jackson ordered the mobilization of several hundred members of the state militia who had gathered in a camp in St. Louis for training. Alarmed at this action, Union General Nathaniel Lyon struck first, encircling the peaceful camp and forcing the state troops to surrender. Lyon then directed his soldiers, largely non-English-speaking German immigrants, to march the prisoners through the streets, and opened fire on the largely hostile crowds of civilians who gathered around them. Soldiers killed unarmed prisoners as well as men, women and children of St. Louis in the incident that became known as the "St. Louis Massacre." Claiborne Fox Jackson (1806 - 1862) was the governor of Missouri from 1860 to 1861. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... Nathaniel Lyon Nathaniel Lyon (July 14, 1818 – August 10, 1861) was the first Union general to be killed in the American Civil War and is noted for his actions in the state of Missouri at the beginning of the conflict. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... The St. ...


These events heightened Confederate support within the state. Governor Jackson appointed Sterling Price, president of the convention on secession, as head of the new Missouri State Guard. In the face of General Lyon's rapid advance in the state, Jackson and Price were forced to flee the capital of Jefferson City on June 14, 1861. In the town of Neosho, Missouri, Jackson called the state legislature into session. They enacted a secession ordinance, recognized by the Confederacy on October 30, 1861. Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial)  States that seceded under CSA control  States and territories claimed by CSA without formal secession and/or control Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia... General Price Sterling Old Pap Price (September 20, 1809 – September 29, 1867) was an antebellum politician from the U.S. state of Missouri and a Confederate major general during the American Civil War. ... The Missouri State Guard (MSG) was a state militia unit organized in the state of Missouri during the early days of the American Civil War. ... Alternate uses: see Jefferson City (disambiguation). ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Neosho, incorporated in 1878, is a city located at the western edge of the Missouri Ozarks serving as the county seat of Newton County, Missouri, USA. The name Neosho (pronounced nÄ“-ō-shō - originally nÄ“-ō-zhō, or nÄ“-ō-zhÅ«) is generally accepted to be of Native American (most likely Osage) derivation... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


With the elected governor absent from his capital and the legislators largely dispersed, Union forces installed an unelected pro-Union provisional government with Hamilton Gamble as provisional governor. President Lincoln's Administration immediately recognized Gamble's government as the legal government. This decision provided both pro-Union militia forces for service within the state and volunteer regiments for the Union Army. Lincolns Resolute Unionist: Hamilton Gamble, Dred Scott Dissenter And Missouris Civil War Governor by Dennis K. Boman Hamilton Rowan Gamble (November 26, 1798 - January 31, 1864) was a chief justice of the Missouri Supreme Court who issued a dissenting opinion in the Dred Scott Decision and the provisional...


Fighting ensued between Union forces and a combined army of General Price's Missouri State Guard and Confederate troops from Arkansas and Texas under General Ben McCulloch. After winning victories at the battle of Wilson's Creek and the siege of Lexington, Missouri and suffering losses elsewhere, the Confederate forces had little choice but to retreat to Arkansas and later Marshall, Texas, in the face of a largely reinforced Union Army. This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Benjamin McCulloch was a soldier in the Texas Revolution, Texas Ranger, U.S. marshal, and brigadier general in the army of the Confederate States during the American Civil War. ... Combatants United States of America State of Missouri Confederate States of America Commanders Nathaniel Lyon Samuel D. Sturgis Franz Sigel Sterling Price Ben McCulloch Strength Army of the West Missouri State Guard and McCulloch’s Brigade Casualties 1,235 1,095 The Battle of Wilsons Creek, also known as... Lexington is a city located in Lafayette County, Missouri, United States. ... Marshall is a major city of the northeastern region of the U.S. state of Texas. ...


Though regular Confederate troops staged some large-scale raids into Missouri, the fighting in the state for the next three years consisted chiefly of guerrilla warfare. "Citizen soldiers" such as Colonel William Quantrill, Frank and Jesse James, the Younger brothers, and William T. Anderson made use of quick, small unit tactics. Pioneered by the Missouri Partisan Rangers, such insurgencies also arose in other portions of the Confederacy occupied during the Civil War. Recently historians have assessed the James brothers' outlaw years as continuing guerrilla warfare after the official war was over. Guerrilla redirects here. ... William Clark Quantrill of Quantrills Raiders William Clarke Quantrill (July 31, 1837 – June 6, 1865), was a Confederate guerrilla leader during the American Civil War. ... For other people named Frank James, see Frank James (disambiguation). ... Jesse Woodson James (September 5, 1847–April 3, 1882) was an American outlaw, the most famous member of the James-Younger gang. ... Jesse and Frank James, 1872 The James-Younger Gang was a legendary 19th century gang of American outlaws that included Jesse James. ... William T. Anderson William T. Anderson a. ...


Demographics

Missouri Population Density Map
Missouri Population Density Map
Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1810 19,783
1820 66,586 236.6%
1830 140,455 110.9%
1840 383,702 173.2%
1850 682,044 77.8%
1860 1,182,012 73.3%
1870 1,721,295 45.6%
1880 2,168,380 26.0%
1890 2,679,185 23.6%
1900 3,106,665 16.0%
1910 3,293,335 6.0%
1920 3,404,055 3.4%
1930 3,629,367 6.6%
1940 3,784,664 4.3%
1950 3,954,653 4.5%
1960 4,319,813 9.2%
1970 4,676,501 8.3%
1980 4,916,686 5.1%
1990 5,117,073 4.1%
2000 5,595,211 9.3%
Est. 2006 5,842,713 4.4%

In 2006, Missouri had an estimated population of 5,842,713; an increase of 45,010 (0.8 percent) from the prior year and an increase of 246,030 (4.4 percent) since the year 2000. This includes a natural increase of 137,564 people since the last census (480,763 births less 343,199 deaths), and an increase of 88,088 people due to net migration into the state. Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 50,450 people, and migration within the country produced a net increase of 37,638 people. Over half of Missourians (3,145,584 people, or 56.2%) live within the state's two largest metropolitan areas–St. Louis and Kansas City. The state's population density is also closer to the national average than any other state. Image File history File links Missouri_population_map. ... Image File history File links Missouri_population_map. ... The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1820 was the fourth Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Net migration rates for 2006: positive (blue), negative (orange) and stable (green). ... Map of states showing population density This is a list of the 50 U.S. states, ordered by population density. ...


The U.S. Census of 2000 found that the population center of the United States is in Phelps County, Missouri. The center of population of Missouri itself is located in Osage County, in the city of Westphalia [3]. The mean center of U.S. population is determined by the United States Census Bureau after tabulating the results of each census. ... Phelps County is a county located in the state of Missouri, and according to the U.S. Census Bureau it includes the mean center of U.S. population in 2000. ... Center of population is a subject of study in the field of demographics. ... Osage County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Westphalia is a city located in Osage County, Missouri. ...


As of 2004, the population included 194,000 foreign-born (3.4 percent of the state population).

Demographics of Missouri (csv)
By race White Black AIAN Asian NHPI
AIAN is American Indian or Alaskan Native — NHPI is Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander
2000 (total population) 86.90% 11.76% 1.08% 1.37% 0.12%
2000 (Hispanic only) 1.96% 0.12% 0.07% 0.03% 0.01%
2005 (total population) 86.54% 12.04% 1.03% 1.61% 0.13%
2005 (Hispanic only) 2.49% 0.14% 0.07% 0.03% 0.01%
Growth 2000–2005 (total population) 3.23% 6.15% -0.57% 21.83% 10.71%
Growth 2000–2005 (non-Hispanic only) 2.57% 5.94% -1.34% 21.81% 10.99%
Growth 2000–2005 (Hispanic only) 32.07% 26.42% 10.52% 22.82% 8.09%

The five largest ancestry groups in Missouri are: German (23.5 percent), Irish (12.7 percent), American (10.5 percent), English (9.5 percent), French (3.5 percent). "American" includes those reported as Native American or African American. Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, as defined by the United States Census Bureau and the Federal Office of Management and Budget (OMB), is a self-identification data item in which residents choose the race or races with which they most closely identify. ... British Americans are citizens of the British or partial British ancestry. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... An African American (also Afro-American, Black American, or simply black) is a member of an ethnic group in the United States whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Africa. ...


German Americans are an ancestry group present throughout Missouri. African Americans are a substantial part of the population in St. Louis, Kansas City, and in the southeastern bootheel and some parts of the Missouri River Valley, where plantation agriculture was once important. Missouri Creoles of French ancestry are concentrated in the Mississippi River Valley south of St. Louis. A relatively small number (40,000-50,000) of recent Bosniak immigrants lives mostly in the St. Louis area. The Mississippi embayment is a physiographic feature in the south-central United States. ... Language(s) Bosnian Religion(s) Predominantly Islam Related ethnic groups Slavs (South Slavs) The Bosniaks or Bosniacs[1] (Bosnian: Bošnjaci, IPA: ) are a South Slavic people, living mainly in Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia) and the Sandžak region of Serbia and Montenegro, with a smaller autochthonous population also present...


In 2004, 6.6 percent of the state's population was reported as younger than 5 years old, 25.5 percent younger than 18, and 13.5 percent was 65 or older. Females were approximately 51.4 percent of the population. 81.3 percent of Missouri residents were high school graduates (more than the national average), and 21.6 percent had a bachelor's degree or higher. 3.4 percent of Missourians were foreign-born, and 5.1 percent reported speaking a language other than English at home.


In 2000, there were 2,194,594 households in Missouri, with 2.48 people per household. The homeownership rate was 70.3 percent, and the mean value of an owner-occupied dwelling was $89,900. The median household income for 1999 was $37,934, or $19,936 per capita. There were 11.7 percent (637,891) Missourians living below the poverty line in 1999.


The mean commute time to work was 23.8 minutes.


Religion

Of those Missourians who identify with a religion, three out of five are Protestants. There is also a moderate-sized Catholic community in some parts of the state; approximately one out of five Missourians are Catholic. Heavily Catholic areas include St. Louis and the Missouri Rhineland, particularly that south of the Missouri River.[19] Hermannhoff White Lady of Starkenburg wine is a German style wine made in the Missouri Rhineland. ...


The religious affiliations of the people of Missouri according to the 2001 American Religious Identification Survey:

According to www.Adherents.com, a leading and respected worldwide website on religious statistical information, Roman Catholicism remains the leading single denomination in the state of Missouri, according to the most recent, certifiable, and accurate statistics. Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is a monotheistic[1] religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations Ecumenism · Relation to other religions Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Christianity Portal This box:      Protestantism encompasses the forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with the doctrines of the Reformation. ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Baptist is... For other uses, see Methodism (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Episcopal Church in the United States. ... Lutheranism is a major branch of Protestant Christianity that identifies with the teachings of the sixteenth-century German reformer Martin Luther. ... Roman Catholicism in the United States has grown dramatically over the countrys history, from being a tiny minority faith during the time of the Thirteen Colonies to being the countrys largest profession of faith today. ... A Latter-day Saint is a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). ... Adherents. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ...


Several religious organizations have headquarters in Missouri, including the Lutheran Church—Missouri Synod, which has its headquarters in Kirkwood, as well as the United Pentecostal Church International in Hazelwood, both outside St. Louis. Kansas City is the headquarters of the Church of the Nazarene. Independence, outside of Kansas City, is the headquarters for the Community of Christ (formerly the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints), and the Latter Day Saints group Remnant Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. This area and other parts of Missouri are also of significant religious and historical importance to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, which maintains several sites/visitors centers, and whose members make up about 1 percent of Missouri's population. Springfield is the headquarters of the Assemblies of God and the Baptist Bible Fellowship International. The General Association of General Baptists has its headquarters in Poplar Bluff. The Pentecostal Church of God is headquartered in Joplin. LCMS redirects here. ... Kirkwood is a city in St. ... The United Pentecostal Church International (UPCI) is a multi cultural United States based Christian organization and is headquartered in the St. ... The Church of the Nazarene, more commonly called the Nazarene Church, is an Christian evangelical denomination. ... RLDS redirects here. ... Community of Christ Temple in Independence, Missouri, USA. Dedicated 1994 The Community of Christ, previously known as the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints or RLDS church is a branch of Christian Restorationism, and is the second largest denomination of the Latter Day Saint movement. ... A Latter Day Saint (LDS) is a person who identifies with the Latter Day Saint movement and is a follower of Mormonism. ... The headquarters of the Remnant Church as seen Community of Christs temple. ... For other uses, see The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (disambiguation). ... Springfield is a city in Christian and Greene Counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... For other uses, see Assemblies of God (disambiguation). ... The Baptist Bible Fellowship International is a strong separatist fundamentalist organization formed in 1950 by members who separated from the World Baptist Fellowship. ... General Association of General Baptists - a group of Baptists holding the general atonement (that Christ died for all persons), located mostly in the midwestern United States. ... Poplar Bluff is a city in Butler County, Missouri, United States. ... // Basic Information The Pentecostal Church of God (PCG) is a predominantly white Pentecostal Christian denomination. ... Joplin is a city located in parts of southern Jasper County and northern Newton County in the southwestern corner of Missouri. ...


Economy

The Bureau of Economic Analysis estimates that Missouri's total state product in 2006 was $225.9 billion. Per capita personal income in 2006 was $32,707, ranking 26th in the nation. Major industries include aerospace, transportation equipment, food processing, chemicals, printing/publishing, electrical equipment, light manufacturing, and beer. Download high resolution version (1154x1147, 178 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) is an agency in the United States Department of Commerce that provides a comprehensive statistical picture of the economy of the United States. ... Look up aerospace in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Vehicles are non-living means of transport. ... Food processing is the set of methods and techniques used to transform raw ingredients into food for consumption by humans or animals. ... The chemical industry comprises the companies that produce industrial chemicals. ... For other uses, see Publishing (disambiguation). ... A piece of electrical equipment is a machine, powered by electricity and usually consists of an enclosure, a variety of electrical components and often a power switch. ... Manufacturing is the transformation of raw materials into finished goods for sale, or intermediate processes involving the production or finishing of semi-manufactures. ... For other uses, see Beer (disambiguation). ...


The agriculture products of the state are beef, soybeans, pork, dairy products, hay, corn, poultry, sorghum, and eggs. Missouri is ranked 6th in the nation for the production of hogs and 7th for cattle. Missouri is ranked in the top five states in the nation for production of soy beans. As of 2001, there were 108,000 farms, the second largest number in any state after Texas. Missouri actively promotes its rapidly growing wine industry. For other uses, see Beef (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Glycine max Soybeans (US) or soya beans (UK) (Glycine max) are a high-protein legume (Family Fabaceae) grown as food for both humans and livestock. ... For other uses, see Pork (disambiguation). ... Dairy products are generally defined as foodstuffs produced from milk. ... For other uses, see Hay (disambiguation). ... This article is about the maize plant. ... Ducks amongst other poultry The Poultry-dealer, after Cesare Vecellio Poultry is the category of domesticated birds kept for meat, eggs, and feathers. ... Chicken egg (left) and quail eggs (right), the types of egg commonly used as food An egg is a body consisting of an ovum surrounded by layers of membranes and an outer casing of some type, which acts to nourish and protect a developing embryo. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... Hermannhoff White Lady of Starkenburg wine Stone Hill Norton wine of 2003 St. ...


Missouri has vast quantities of limestone. Other resources mined are lead, coal, Portland cement, and crushed stone. Missouri produces the most lead of all of the states. Most of the lead mines are in the central eastern portion of the state. Missouri also ranks first or near first in the production of lime. For other uses, see Limestone (disambiguation). ... General Name, Symbol, Number lead, Pb, 82 Chemical series Post-transition metals or poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 6, p Appearance bluish gray Standard atomic weight 207. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal is a fossil fuel formed in ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... Sampling fast set Portland cement Portland cement is the most common type of cement in general usage, as it is a basic ingredient of concrete, mortar and plaster. ... This article is about the geological substance. ... The Lead Belt is a lead mining district in the southeastern part of Missouri. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Tourism, services and wholesale/retail trade follow manufacturing in importance.


Personal income is taxed in 10 different earning brackets, ranging from 1.5 percent to 6.0 percent. Missouri's sales tax rate for most items is 4.225 percent. Additional local levies may apply. More than 2,500 Missouri local governments rely on property taxes levied on real property (real estate) and personal property. Most personal property is exempt, except for motorized vehicles. Exempt real estate includes property owned by governments and property used as nonprofit cemeteries, exclusively for religious worship, for schools and colleges and for purely charitable purposes. There is no inheritance tax and limited Missouri estate tax related to federal estate tax collection. Tax rates around the world Tax revenue as % of GDP Economic policy Monetary policy Central bank   Money supply Fiscal policy Spending   Deficit   Debt Trade policy Tariff   Trade agreement Finance Financial market Financial market participants Corporate   Personal Public   Banking   Regulation        An income tax is a tax levied on the financial income... A sales tax is a consumption tax charged at the point of purchase for certain goods and services. ... Property tax, millage tax is an ad valorem tax that an owner of real estate or other property pays on the value of the property being taxed. ... Real estate is a legal term that encompasses land along with anything permanently affixed to the land, such as buildings. ... Personal property is a type of property. ... The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... Inheritance tax, also known in some countries outside the United States as a death duty and referred to as an estate tax within the U.S, is a form of tax levied upon the bequest that a person may make in their will to a living person or organisation. ... Estate tax is a form of tax imposed in the United States upon the transfer of the property of the estate of a deceased person that is left to a living person or organization. ...


Missouri is the only state in the Union to have two Federal Reserve Banks: one in Kansas City (serving western Missouri, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, Colorado, northern New Mexico, and Wyoming) and one in St. Louis (serving eastern Missouri, southern Illinois, southern Indiana, western Kentucky, western Tennessee, northern Mississippi, and all of Arkansas).[citation needed]


Transportation

Air

The state of Missouri has two major airport hubs: Lambert-St. Louis International Airport and Kansas City International Airport. Lambert-St. ... Airport diagram Airport from the east. ...


Rail

Two of the nation's three busiest rail centers are located in Missouri. Kansas City is a major railroad hub for BNSF Railway, Norfolk Southern Railway, Kansas City Southern Railway, and Union Pacific Railroad. Kansas City is the second largest freight rail center in the US. Like Kansas City, St. Louis is a major destination for train freight. Amtrak passenger trains serve Kansas City, Jefferson City, St. Louis, Lee's Summit, Independence, Warrensburg, Hermann, Kirkwood, and Sedalia. The only light rail/subway system in Missouri is the St. Louis Metrolink which connects the City of St. Louis with suburbs in Illinois and St. Louis County. As of 2007 preliminary planning is being performed for a light rail system in the Kansas City area. Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... The BNSF Railway (AAR reporting marks BNSF), headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is one of the four remaining transcontinental railroads and one of the largest railroad networks in North America (only one competitor, the Union Pacific Railroad, is larger in size). ... Norfolk Southern Headquarters Norfolk, Virginia. ... The Kansas City Southern Railway (AAR reporting mark KCS) is a United States-based Class I railroad operating over 3,130 track miles in 10 central and southeastern states. ... Union Pacific redirects here. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... Vermonter at the Brattleboro, Vermont, station, 18 March 2004. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... Alternate uses: see Jefferson City (disambiguation). ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ... REDIRECT Lees Summit, Missouri ... Warrensburg is a city in Johnson County, Missouri, United States. ... Hermann, the county seat of Gasconade County, Missouri, was incorporated in 1845. ... Kirkwood is a city in St. ... This is about the city in central Missouri; Sedalia is also a very small town in Colorado. ... MetroLink is a light rail transit system in the Greater St. ...


Springfield remains an operational hub for BNSF Railway. Springfield is a city in Christian and Greene Counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. ...

Daniel Boone Bridge looking out on the Missouri River early in the morning.
Daniel Boone Bridge looking out on the Missouri River early in the morning.

Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 510 pixels Full resolution (2642 × 1684 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 510 pixels Full resolution (2642 × 1684 pixel, file size: 1. ...

Rivers

The Mississippi River and Missouri River are commercially navigable over their entire lengths in Missouri. The Missouri was channelized through dredging and jettys and the Mississippi was given a series of locks to avoid rocks and deepen the river. St. Louis is a major destination for barge traffic on the Mississippi River. For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ...


Roads

Current Missouri License Plate
Current Missouri License Plate

Several highways, detailed below, traverse the state. Image File history File links Mo2006. ... Image File history File links Mo2006. ... For other uses, see Highway (disambiguation). ...


Following the passage of Amendment 3 in late 2004, the Missouri Department of Transportation (MoDOT) began its Smoother, Safer, Sooner road-building program with a goal of bringing 2,200 miles (3,500 km) of highways up to good condition by December 2007. In 2005 the number of traffic deaths in the state increased by 10 percent to 1,241.


Interstate Freeways

Image File history File links I-29. ... Interstate 29 (abbreviated I-29) is an interstate highway in the Midwestern United States. ... Image File history File links I-229. ... Interstate 229 in the state of Missouri is an approximately 14-mile (22. ... Image File history File links I-35. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 35 Interstate 35 (abbreviated I-35) is a north–south interstate highway in the central United States. ... Image File history File links I-435. ... Interstate 435 (abbreviated I-435) is an Interstate Highway beltway that encircles much of the Kansas City metropolitan area in the states of Kansas and Missouri, USA. I-435, a spur route of Interstate 35, is 80. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... Image File history File links I-635. ... Interstate 635 (abbreviated I-635) is a connector highway between Interstate 35 in Overland Park, Kansas and Interstate 29 in Kansas City, Missouri, approximately 12 miles (19. ... Image File history File links I-44. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 44 Interstate 44 (abbreviated I-44) is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... Image File history File links I-55. ... Interstate 55 (abbreviated I-55) is an interstate highway in the central United States. ... Image File history File links I-155. ... Interstate 155 (abbreviated I-155) is an east-west spur beginning in far southeast Missouri. ... Image File history File links I-255. ... Interstate 255 (abbreviated I-255) is a bypass route of Interstate 55 near St. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... Image File history File links I-57. ... Interstate 57 (abbreviated I-57) is an interstate highway in the midwestern United States. ... Image File history File links I-64. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Interstate 64 Interstate 64 (abbreviated I-64) is an Interstate Highway in the eastern United States. ... Image File history File links I-70. ... Interstate 70 (abbreviated I-70) is a long interstate highway in the United States that runs from Interstate 15 about a mile from Cove Fort, Utah to a Park and Ride in Baltimore, Maryland. ... Image File history File links I-170. ... Interstate 170 (abbreviated I-170) is the designation for an interstate route in the St. ... Image File history File links I-270. ... This lead needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... Image File history File links I-470. ... Interstate 470 (abbreviated I-470) is a 16. ... Image File history File links I-670. ... INTERSTATE JUNCTIONS JUNCTION EXIT # I-70 KS 0 I-35 MO 2T I-70 MO 2M Legend BROWSE STATE HWYS Prev Next   Interstate 670 (abbreviated I-670) is a 2. ... Image File history File links I-72. ... Interstate 72 is an interstate highway in the midwestern United States. ... Image File history File links I-49. ... Interstate 49 (abbreviated I-49) is an intrastate interstate highway located entirely within the state of Louisiana in the southern United States. ... Image File history File links I-66. ... The U.S. Department of Transportation has had plans to extend Interstate 66 westward across the country to California. ...

United States Routes

North-south routes East-west routes
See also: List of Missouri state highways and Missouri Supplemental Route

Image File history File links US_59. ... U.S. Route 59 is a north-south United States highway (though it is signed east-west in parts of Texas). ... Image File history File links US_159. ... U.S. Highway 159 is a child route of U.S. Highway 59. ... Image File history File links US_61. ... U.S. Route 61 is the official designation for a United States highway that runs 1,400 miles from New Orleans, Louisiana, to the city of Wyoming, Minnesota. ... Image File history File links US_63. ... U.S. Route 63 is a 1,286 mile (2,070 km) long north-south United States highway in the Midwestern United States. ... Image File history File links US_65. ... U.S. Highway 65 is a north-south United States highway stretching from Albert Lea, Minnesota to Natchez, Mississippi. ... Image File history File links US_67. ... U.S. Route 67 extends from the highways northern terminus in Sabula, Iowa at the intersection with U.S. Route 52 to its southern terminus in Presidio, Texas, at the Rio Grande - the United States–Mexico border. ... Image File history File links US_69. ... U.S. Route 69 is a north-south United States highway. ... Image File history File links US_169. ... This U.S. Highway article needs to be cleaned up to conform to both a higher standard of article quality and accepted design standards outlined in the WikiProject U.S. Highways. ... Image File history File links US_71. ... U.S. Highway 71 is a north-south United States highway. ... Image File history File links US_275. ... U.S. Highway 275 is a north-south United States highway. ... Image File history File links US_412. ... It has been suggested that Arkansas State Highway 68 be merged into this article or section. ... Image File history File links US_24. ... U.S. Route 24, a dual north-south/east-west route, is one of the original United States highways of 1926. ... Image File history File links US_36. ... U.S. Highway 36 is an east-west United States highway that runs for 1,414 miles (2,276 km) from east-central Ohio to Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. ... Image File history File links US_40. ... U.S. Route 40 is an east-west United States highway. ... Image File history File links US_50. ... U.S. Route 50 is a major east-west route of the U.S. Highway system, stretching just over 3000 miles (4800 km) from West Sacramento, California east to Ocean City, Maryland on the Atlantic Ocean. ... Image File history File links US_54. ... U.S. Route 54 is an east-west United States highway that runs northeast-southwest for 1,197 miles (1,926 km) from western Illinois to El Paso, Texas. ... Image File history File links US_56. ... U.S. Highway 56 is an east-west United States highway that runs for 640 miles from Kansas City, Missouri to northern New Mexico. ... Image File history File links US_60. ... U.S. Route 60 is an east-west United States highway, running 2,670 miles (4,300 km) from Virginia to Arizona. ... Image File history File links US_160. ... U.S. Highway 160 is an east-west United States highway. ... Image File history File links US_460. ... U.S. Highway 460 is a spur of U.S. Highway 60. ... Image File history File links US_62. ... U.S. Route 62 runs from the US-Mexico border at El Paso, Texas, all the way to Niagara Falls, New York, near the United States-Canada border. ... Image File history File links US_66. ... Route 66 redirects here. ... Image File history File links US_166. ... U.S. Highway 166 is an east-west United States highway. ... Image File history File links US_400. ... US 400 is an east-west U.S. Highway. ... The following is a list of state highways in Missouri. ... Missouri Supplental Routes are officially designated as State Secondary Roads. They are roads within the state of Missouri designated with letters. ...

Law and government

Framework

Missouri Government
Governor of Missouri Matt Blunt (R)
Lieutenant Governor of Missouri: Peter Kinder (R)
Missouri Attorney General: Jay Nixon (D)
Missouri Secretary of State: Robin Carnahan (D)
Missouri State Auditor: Susan Montee (D)
Missouri State Treasurer: Sarah Steelman (R)
Senior United States Senator: Kit Bond (R)
Junior United States Senator: Claire McCaskill (D)

The current Constitution of Missouri, the fourth constitution for the state, was adopted in 1945. It provides for three branches of government: the legislative, judicial, and executive branches. The legislative branch consists of two bodies: the House of Representatives and the Senate. These bodies comprise the Missouri General Assembly. Within Missouri, there are three levels of government: state government county city Missouris state capital is Jefferson City lying approximately halfway between its two largest cities, St. ... The Governors of Missouri since its statehood in 1820 are: Alexander McNair 1821-24 Frederick Bates 1824-25 Abraham J. Williams 1825-26 John Miller 1826-32 Daniel Dunklin 1832-36 Lilburn W. Boggs 1836-40 Thomas Reynolds 1840-44 Meredith Miles Marmaduke 1844 John C. Edwards 1844-48 Austin... The Governors of Missouri since its statehood in 1820 are: Alexander McNair 1821-24 Frederick Bates 1824-25 Abraham J. Williams 1825-26 John Miller 1826-32 Daniel Dunklin 1832-36 Lilburn W. Boggs 1836-40 Thomas Reynolds 1840-44 Meredith Miles Marmaduke 1844 John C. Edwards 1844-48 Austin... Matthew Roy Matt Blunt (born November 20, 1970) was elected Governor of Missouri on November 2, 2004. ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... The Lieutenant Governor of Missouri is the second highest executive officer in the U.S. of Missouri. ... Peter D. Kinder is an American politician from the State of Missouri. ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... The individuals listed below have all served in the position of Attorney General of Missouri. ... Jeremiah W. Jay Nixon Jeremiah W. Jay Nixon is an American politician from Missouri. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major United States political parties. ... Secretary of State is an official in the state governments of 47 of the 50 states of the United States. ... Robin Carnahan Robin Carnahan is an American politician and the current Missouri Secretary of State. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major United States political parties. ... The people listed below have all served as State Auditor for Missouri. ... The speedy deletion of this page is contested. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major United States political parties. ... The State Treasurer of Missouri is a statewide elected official responsible for serving as Missouris chief financial officer. ... Sarah Steelman is an American politician from Missouri. ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Christopher Samuel Kit Bond (born March 6, 1939 in St. ... This article is about the modern United States Republican Party. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... Claire McCaskill (born July 24, 1953) is an American Democratic politician, currently the junior United States Senator from the state of Missouri and former State Auditor of Missouri. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major United States political parties. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Missouri General Assembly is the state legislature of Missouri. ...


The House of Representatives has 163 members who are apportioned based on the last decennial census. The Senate consists of 34 members from districts of approximately equal populations. The judicial department comprises the Supreme Court of Missouri, which has seven judges, the Missouri Court of Appeals (an intermediate appellate court divided into three districts, sitting in Kansas City, St. Louis, and Springfield), and 45 Circuit Courts which function as local trial courts. The executive branch is headed by the Governor of Missouri and includes five other state-wide elected offices. The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by the United States Constitution. ... The Supreme Court of Missouri is the highest court in the state of Missouri. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Appeal. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... Springfield is a city in Christian and Greene Counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... The Governors of Missouri since its statehood in 1820 are: Categories: Lists of United States governors | Governors of Missouri ...


Status as a political bellwether

Main article: Missouri bellwether

One interesting fact about Missouri is its status as a bellwether of national politics. Missouri has a longer stretch of supporting the winning presidential candidate than any other state, having voted with the nation in every election since 1904 with the exception of Adlai Stevenson in 1956. In 2004, George W. Bush won the state's 11 electoral votes by a margin of 7 percentage points with 53.3 percent of the vote. Missouri has a very notable urban-rural split, as Democrat John Kerry only won the independent city of St. Louis and three of the state's 114 counties: St. Louis County, Ste. Genevieve, and Jackson County (which contains most of Kansas City). Mean center of population for the United States, 1790–2000 (U.S. Census Bureau) The Missouri bellwether is a political phenomenon that notes that the state of Missouri has voted for the winner in every U.S. Presidential election since 1904 except in 1956. ... This is about the mid-20th-century politician and diplomat; for other American politicians so named, see Adlai Stevenson (disambiguation). ...


Missouri was long a state that voted for the Democratic party. Its most prominent Democratic statesman was U.S. President Harry S. Truman. Since the late 1970s, the state has trended to Republican candidates, yet neither party is dominant. Democrats are generally strongest in the inner cities of Kansas City, St. Louis and Columbia, home of the University of Missouri. Republicans are strongest in the southwestern areas near Springfield (home of Governor Matt Blunt) and Joplin, and southeastern areas near Poplar Bluff and Cape Girardeau (childhood home of Rush Limbaugh). Many of the rural areas have recently been favoring Republican candidates. For other persons named Harry Truman, see Harry Truman (disambiguation). ... This article is about the university in Columbia. ...


Missouri is a bellwether on hot-button issues such as same-sex marriage and embryonic stem cell research. In 2004, Missouri voters overwhelmingly (71%) passed an amendment to the Constitution of Missouri defining marriage as being the union of one man and one woman. More than 20 states have followed Missouri's lead and effected the same amendments. In 2006, a ballot initiative labeled "Amendment 2" regarding embryonic stem cell research drew widespread attention. This issue was a factor in the 2006 U.S. Senate race between Republican incumbent Jim Talent, who opposed embryonic stem cell research, and Democratic challenger Claire McCaskill, who supported it. The measure narrowly passed by 51%-49%. Claire McCaskill also narrowly defeated Jim Talent for that Senate seat, a race which was considered crucial as to which political party would control the U.S. Senate. One of four newly wedded same-sex couples in a public wedding at Taiwan Pride 2006. ... Human embryonic stem cell colony. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Type Upper House President of the Senate Richard B. Cheney, R since January 20, 2001 President pro tempore Robert C. Byrd, D since January 4, 2007 Members 100 Political groups Democratic Party Republican Party Last elections November 7, 2006 Meeting place Senate Chamber United States Capitol Washington, DC United States... James Matthes Jim Talent (born October 18, 1956) is an American politician and former Senator from Missouri. ... Claire McCaskill (born July 24, 1953) is an American Democratic politician, currently the junior United States Senator from the state of Missouri and former State Auditor of Missouri. ...


Laissez-faire alcohol and tobacco laws

The packaging plant at the Anheuser-Busch headquarters in St. Louis, where Budweiser beer is produced.
The packaging plant at the Anheuser-Busch headquarters in St. Louis, where Budweiser beer is produced.

Missouri has been known for its population's generally "stalwart, conservative, noncredulous" attitude toward regulatory regimes, which is one of the origins of the state's official nickname, the "Show-Me State."[20] As a result, and combined with the fact that Missouri is one of America's leading alcohol-producing states, regulation of alcohol and tobacco in Missouri is among the most laissez-faire in America. This is the packaging plant building at the Anheuser-Busch brewery and headquarters in Saint Louis, Missouri. ... This is the packaging plant building at the Anheuser-Busch brewery and headquarters in Saint Louis, Missouri. ... Anheuser-Busch Companies, Inc. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... Budweiser, sometimes referred to as Bud, is a global pale lager brand owned by the St. ... Location of Missouri Flag of the State of Missouri Although fairly comprehensive, the alcohol laws of Missouri are among the most permissive in the United States, perhaps only behind those of Nevada and Louisiana. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... Laissez-faire is short for laissez faire, laissez passer, a French phrase meaning to let things alone, let them pass. First used by the eighteenth century Physiocrats as an injunction against government interference with trade, it is now used as a synonym for strict free market economics. ...


Missouri always has had among the most permissive alcohol laws in the United States. It never enacted statewide prohibition. Missouri voters rejected prohibition in three separate referenda in 1910, 1912, and 1918. Alcohol regulation did not begin in Missouri until 1934. Today, alcohol laws are controlled by the state government, and local jurisdictions are prohibited from going beyond those state laws. Missouri has no statewide open container law or prohibition on drinking in public, no alcohol-related blue laws, no local option, no precise locations for selling liquor by the package (thereby allowing even drug stores and gas stations to sell any kind of liquor), no differentiation of laws based on alcohol percentage, no prohibition on consumption by minors (as opposed to possession), and no prohibition on absinthe. State law protects persons from arrest or criminal penalty for public intoxication and also expressly prohibits any jurisdiction from going dry. Missouri law also expressly allows parents and guardians to serve alcohol to their children. Along with the French Quarter in New Orleans, Louisiana, the Power & Light District in Kansas City is one of the few places in the United States where a state law explicitly allows persons over the age of 21 to possess and consume open containers of alcohol in the street, as long as the beverage is in a plastic cup. This list of alcohol laws of the United States by state provides an overview of alcohol-related laws by state throughout the United States. ... Detroit police inspecting equipment found in a clandestine underground brewery during the prohibition era. ... Year 1910 (MCMX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1918 (MCMXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar (see link for calendar) or a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The French Quarter of New Orleans, which, along with the Power & Light District of Kansas City, Missouri, is one of only two locations in the United States where open containers of alcohol are allowed in public In the United States, open container laws prohibit possessing and/or drinking from an... This article is about laws created to enforce moral standards. ... Local option is the freedom in the United states whereby local political jurisdictions, typically counties or municipalities, can decide by popular vote certain controversial issues within their borders. ... Pharmacy (from the Greek φάρμακον = drug) is the profession of compounding and dispensing medication. ... Modern gas station A filling station, gas station or petrol station is a facility that sells fuel for road motor vehicles – usually petrol (US: gas/gasoline), diesel fuel and LPG. The term gas station is mostly particular to the United States of America and Canada, where petrol is known as... A reservoir glass filled with a naturally-colored verte, next to an absinthe spoon. ... Public intoxication, also known as drunk and disorderly conduct (sometimes, incorrectly, as drunken disorderly), is a summary offence in many countries. ... This article is about counties in the U.S. that prohibit alcoholic beverage sales. ... French Quarter: upper Chartres street looking down towards Jackson Square and the spires of St. ... NOLA redirects here. ... The Power & Light District is the new nine city block entertainment district on the south end of Downtown Kansas City, Missouri, USA. The district is located on Main Street to Grand Boulevard from west to east and on 13th Street to Interstate 670 from north to south. ...

See also: List of smoking bans in Missouri

As for tobacco, Missouri has the second-lowest cigarette excise taxes in the United States (behind South Carolina), at 17 cents per pack, as of November 2007.[21][22] The electorate voted in 2002 and 2006 to keep it that way.[23] Missouri has the third highest percentage of adult smokers of any U.S. state.[24] No statewide smoking ban ever has been seriously entertained before the Missouri General Assembly, and only 20% of Missourians support such a statewide ban in public places.[25] In 2007, Forbes named St. Louis as America's "best city for smokers."[21] Missouri state law allows bars and restaurants which seat less than 50 people, bowling alleys, and billiard parlors to decide their own smoking policies, without limitation,[26] State-wide smoking bans, both active and scheduled. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... No Smoking sign. ... The Missouri General Assembly is the state legislature of Missouri. ... For other uses, see Forbes (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ...


Additionally, in Missouri, it is "an improper employment practice" for an employer to refuse to hire, to fire, or otherwise to disadvantage any person because that person lawfully uses alcohol and/or tobacco products when he or she is not at work.[27]


Counties

See also: List of counties in Missouri

Missouri has 114 counties and one independent city (St. Louis). Missouri has 114 counties and one independent city. ... An independent city is a city that does not form part of another general-purpose local government entity. ... The Gateway Arch, shown here behind the Old Courthouse, is the most recognizable part of the St. ...


The largest county by size is Texas County (1,179 sq. miles) and Shannon County is second (1,004 sq. miles). Worth County is the smallest (266 sq. miles). The independent city of St. Louis City has only 62 square miles (160 km²) of area. St. Louis City is the most densely populated area in Missouri. Texas County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Shannon County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ... Worth County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ...


The largest county by population (2000 U.S. Census) is St. Louis County (1,016,315 residents), with Jackson County the second (654,880 residents). Worth County is the least populous, with 2,382 residents. The United States Census is a decennial census mandated by the United States Constitution. ... St. ... Jackson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. ...


Important cities and towns

See also: List of cities in Missouri and List of towns and villages in Missouri

The seven largest cities in Missouri are Kansas City, St. Louis, Springfield, Independence, Columbia, Lee's Summit and Saint Joseph. List of cities in Missouri, arranged in alphabetical order. ... List of towns and villages in Missouri, arranged in alphabetical order. ... Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... Springfield is a city in Christian and Greene Counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... Lees Summit is a city in Jackson County and Cass County, Missouri. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


St. Louis is the principal city of the largest metropolitan area in Missouri, comprising seventeen counties and the independent city of St. Louis; eight of those counties lie in the state of Illinois. As of 2006, Greater St. Louis was the 16th largest urban area in the nation. Some of the major cities making up the St. Louis Metro area in Missouri include St. Charles, St. Peters, Florissant, Chesterfield, Creve Coeur, Maryland Heights, O'Fallon, Clayton, Ballwin, and University City. Nickname: Location in the state of Missouri Coordinates: , Country State County Independent City Government  - Mayor Francis G. Slay (D) Area  - City  66. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Greater St. ... St. ... St. ... Florissant is a city in St. ... Chesterfield is an affluent suburb in western St. ... Creve Coeur, derived from French for broken heart (Crève CÅ“ur), is an affluent suburb in western St. ... Maryland Heights is a city in St. ... Motto: Tradition With Vision Coordinates: , Country State County St. ... Clayton is the county seat of St. ... Ballwin is a city located in St. ... University City is a city located in St. ...


Kansas City is the principal city of the fifteen-county Kansas City Metropolitan Statistical Area and includes six counties in the state of Kansas. Kansas City is Missouri's largest city. As of 2004, it was the 27th largest metro in the nation. Some of the other major cities comprising the Kansas City metro area in Missouri include Independence, Lee's Summit, Blue Springs, Raytown, Liberty, and Gladstone. Nickname: Location in Jackson, Clay, Platte, and Cass Counties in the state of Missouri. ... Kansas City satellite map The Kansas City Metropolitan Area is a fifteen county metropolitan area is anchored by Kansas City, Missouri straddling the border between the states of Missouri and Kansas. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Lees Summit is a city in Jackson County and Cass County, Missouri. ... Blue Springs is a city in Jackson County, Missouri and is a suburb of Kansas City, Missouri. ... Raytown is a city located in Jackson County, Missouri. ... Liberty is a city in Clay County, Missouri. ... Gladstone is a city located in Clay County, Missouri, founded in 1952. ...


Branson is a major tourist attraction in the Ozarks of southwestern Missouri. The Titanic Museum is shaped to look like the real Titanic and is a popular tourist attraction in Branson The Duttons performing their famous song where they all play each others violins at their theater in Branson Missouri Herkimer and Cecil are performing at the Presleys Country Jubilee Branson is... Ozark redirects here. ...

Education

Main article: Education in Missouri

The Missouri State Board of Education has general authority over all public education in the state of Missouri. ...

Missouri State Board of Education

The Missouri State Board of Education has general authority over all public education in the state of Missouri. It is made up of eight citizens appointed by the governor and confirmed by the Missouri Senate.

Image File history File linksMetadata Mizzou_Jesse_Thumb. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Mizzou_Jesse_Thumb. ... Jesse Hall from the Quad Jesse Hall is the main administration building for the University of Missouri–Columbia. ... The Quad as it appears today David R. Francis Quadrangle is the historical center of The University of Missouri. ... This article is about the university in Columbia. ...

Primary and secondary schools

See also: List of school districts in Missouri and List of high schools in Missouri

Education is compulsory from ages seven to sixteen in Missouri, commonly but not exclusively divided into three tiers of primary and secondary education: elementary school, middle school or junior high school and high school. The public schools system includes kindergarten to 12th grade. District territories are often complex in structure. In some cases, elementary, middle and junior high schools of a single district feed into high schools in another district. High school athletics and competitions are governed by the Missouri State High School Activities Association or MSHSAA. The following is a list of school districts in Missouri, along with the county or counties they serve: Adair County R-I School District (Adair County) web site Adair County R-II School District (Adair and Knox Counties) web site Adrian School District (Bates County) web site Advance School District... // This is a list of high schools in the state of Missouri. ... A primary school in Český Těšín, Poland Primary education is the first stage of compulsory education. ... Secondary education - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... Middle school (also known as intermediate school or junior high school) covers a period of education that straddles primary/elementary education and secondary education, serving as a bridge between the two. ... Middle school and junior high school cover a period of education that straddles primary education and secondary education and serve as a bridge between them. ... For other uses, see High school (disambiguation). ... The Missouri State High School Activities Association (a. ...


Colleges and universities

See also: List of colleges and universities in Missouri

The University of Missouri System is Missouri's statewide public university system, the flagship institution and largest university in the state is the University of Missouri in Columbia. The others in the system are University of Missouri–Kansas City, University of Missouri–St. Louis, and Missouri University of Science and Technology. See Missouri state entry. ... The University of Missouri is a public land-grant research university system. ... This article is about the university in Columbia. ... The University of Missouri–Kansas City (often referred to as UMKC) is an institution of higher learning located in Kansas City, Missouri, USA. Its main campus is in Kansas Citys Rockhill neighborhood east of the Country Club Plaza. ... The University of Missouri–St. ... Missouri University of Science and Technology (commonly Missouri S&T), is an institution of higher learning located in Rolla, Missouri and part of the University of Missouri System. ...

Brookings Hall at Washington University
Brookings Hall at Washington University

Notable highly rated[28] private institutions include Washington University in St. Louis and Saint Louis University. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 524 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1845 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 524 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1845 × 2112 pixel, file size: 1. ... Washington University redirects here. ... Saint Louis University is a private, co-educational Catholic Jesuit university in the United States of America located in St. ...


Lincoln University in Jefferson City is one of a number of historically black colleges and universities. Founded in 1866, it was created by members of the 62nd and 65th United States Colored Troops as "Lincoln Institute", to provide education to freedmen. It was created on a model of combining academics and labor. In 1921, the state officially recognized the growth of Lincoln's undergraduate and graduate programs by classifying it as a university. The institution changed its name to "Lincoln University of Missouri." In 1954, the university began to accept applicants of all races. Lincoln University is the name of a university in New Zealand and several in the United States: Lincoln University (California) Lincoln University (Missouri) Lincoln University (New Zealand) Lincoln University (Pennsylvania) See also: University of Lincoln This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... In the United States, Historically black colleges and universities (HBCU) are colleges or universities that were established before 1964 with the intention of serving the African American community. ... Sgt. ...


To develop new teachers for needed public schools, in 1905 the state established a series of normal schools at colleges in each region of the state. This was based on the widely admired German model of public education. Normal schools were for the training of teachers of students in primary/elementary schools. The initial network consisted of Southeast Missouri State University in Cape Girardeau, Missouri State University (formerly Southwest Missouri State University) in Springfield, Truman State University (formerly Northeast Missouri State University) in Kirksville, Northwest Missouri State University in Maryville, and University of Central Missouri (formerly Central Missouri State University) in Warrensburg. Within several years, the normal school curriculum expanded to a full four years of academic subjects. A normal school or teachers college is an educational institution for training teachers. ... Southeast Missouri State University is a public, accredited university located in Cape Girardeau, Missouri. ... “Cape Girardeau” redirects here. ... Missouri State University is a state university located in Springfield, Missouri. ... Springfield is a city in Christian and Greene Counties in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... Truman State University is a public liberal arts and sciences university in Missouri and a member of the Council of Public Liberal Arts Colleges. ... Kirksville is a city in Adair County, Missouri, United States. ... Northwest Missouri State University is a state university in Maryville, Missouri. ... Administration Building at Northwest Missouri State University Nodaway County Courthouse is on the National Register of Historic Places Mozingo Lake Golf Course Maryville is a city in Nodaway County, Missouri, United States. ... The University of Central Missouri (formerly Central Missouri State University) is a four-year public institution in Warrensburg, Missouri a town of 16,3340 in Johnson County, Missouri. ... Warrensburg is a city in Johnson County, Missouri, United States. ...


There are numerous junior colleges, trade schools, church universities and private universities in the state.


The state also funds a $2000, renewable merit-based scholarship, Bright Flight, given to the top 3 percent of Missouri High School graduates who attend a university in-state. Bright Flight is a Missouri merit-based scholarship in the amount of $2000 per annum to Missouris qualifying graduating high school seniors who enroll in a Missouri accredited college or university. ...


The 19th c. border wars between Missouri and Kansas have continued as a sports rivalry between the University of Missouri - Columbia and University of Kansas. The rivalry is chiefly expressed through football games between the two colleges. It is the oldest college rivalry west of the Mississippi River and the second oldest in the nation. Each year when the universities meet to play, the game is coined "Border Showdown." An exchange occurs following the game where the winner gets to take a historic marching band drum, which has been passed back and forth for decades. The University of Missouri–Columbia, (abbreviated MU and nicknamed Mizzou) is an institution of higher learning located in Columbia, Missouri, USA. Columbia is the flagship campus in the University of Missouri System with approximately 27,000 students. ... The University of Kansas (often referred to as KU or just Kansas) is an institution of higher learning in Lawrence, Kansas. ... For the river in Canada, see Mississippi River (Ontario). ...


Sports

Major Leagues redirects here. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ... Major league affiliations American League (1969–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 5, 10, 20, 42 Name Kansas City Royals (1969–present) Other nicknames The Boys in Blue Ballpark Kauffman Stadium (1973–present) a. ... NFL redirects here. ... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1936) National Football League (1937–present) Western Division (1937-1949) National Conference (1950-1952) Western Conference (1953-1969) Coastal Division (1967-1969) National Football Conference (1970-present) NFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Millennium Blue and New Century Gold Personnel Owner Chip... League/Conference affiliations American Football League (1960-1969) Western Division (1960-1969) National Football League (1970–present) American Football Conference (1970-present) AFC West (1970-present) Current uniform Team colors Red, White and Gold Mascot K. C. Wolf (1985-present) Warpaint (1963-1988) Personnel Owner The Hunt Family (Clark Hunt... NHL redirects here. ... The St. ... Major League Soccer (MLS) is a North America professional soccer league. ... Year founded 1995 League Major League Soccer Nickname Wizards, The Wiz, KC Stadium CommunityAmerica Ballpark Kansas City, KS Coach Curt Onalfo Owner OnGoal, LLC. First Game Kansas City Wiz 3–0 Colorado Rapids (Arrowhead Stadium; April 13, 1996) Largest Win Kansas City Wizards 6–0 MetroStars (Arrowhead Stadium; June 20... The Major Indoor Soccer League is the top professional indoor soccer league in the USA. The league is a member of both the United States Soccer Federation and FIFA. The MISL replaced the NPSL which folded in 2001. ... logo of the original St. ... The name Kansas City Comets has been used by two different indoor soccer teams. ... Arena football is a sport invented by Jim Foster, a former executive of the United States Football League and the National Football League. ... Conference American Division Central Year founded 2006 Home arena Kemper Arena (2006-2007); Sprint Center (2008-) City, State Kansas City, Missouri Head Coach Kevin Porter ArenaBowl championships none Conference titles none Division titles none Wild Card berths 1: 2007 The Kansas City Brigade is a team from the Arena Football... The River City Rage are a professional indoor football team in the United Indoor Football League. ... World Team Tennis is a league of team tennis in the United States. ... The Kansas City Explorers are a World TeamTennis team that play at the Country Club Plaza Tennis Center in Kansas City, Missouri, USA. All home matches begin at 7:35 p. ... The Springfield Lasers are a World TeamTennis franchise. ... The St. ... Bicycle racers at the 2005 Rund um den Henninger-Turm in Germany Road bicycle racing is a popular bicycle racing sport held on roads (following the geography of the area), using racing bicycles. ... The Tour of Missouri is a professional road bicycle racing stage race held in Missouri that will make its debut on September 11, 2007 with six days of racing. ...

Minor leagues

Class-Level AA Minor League affiliations Texas League North Division Major League affiliation St. ... The Texas League is a minor league baseball league which operates in the South Central United States. ... The Mid-Missouri Mavericks are a minor league baseball team which plays in Columbia, Missouri, in the United States. ... The Frontier League, based in Troy, Illinois, is a professional, independent baseball organization located in the Midwestern United States and Western Pennsylvania. ... The River City Rascals are a minor league baseball team and members of the independent Frontier League. ... The American Association (formally, the American Association of Independent Professional Baseball) is an independent minor league. ...

Former professional sports teams

NFL redirects here. ... The Arizona Cardinals are a National Football League team based in Tempe, Arizona. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates: Country United States State Arizona Counties Maricopa Incorporated November 29, 1894 Government  - Mayor Hugh Hallman Area  - City  39. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... City Glendale, Arizona Other nicknames The Cards, The Birds, Big Red, The Buzzsaw Team colors Cardinal Red, Black, and White Head Coach Ken Whisenhunt Owner Bill Bidwill General manager Rod Graves Mascot Big Red League/Conference affiliations National Football League (1920–present) Western Division (1933-1949) American Conference (1950-1952... St. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Kansas City, Missouri had a National Football League team prior to the Chiefs that operated under two different names: The Blues in 1924 and the Cowboys from 1925-1926. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The St. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Major Leagues redirects here. ... The American League (or formally the American League of Professional Baseball Clubs) is one of two leagues that make up Major League Baseball in the United States of America and Canada. ... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... Year 1902 (MCMII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday [1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Baltimore redirects here. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the contemporary American major league baseball team. ... The Oakland Athletics are a Major League Baseball team based in Oakland, California. ... For other uses, see Philadelphia (disambiguation) and Philly. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Oakland is the name of several places in the United States of America: Oakland, Alabama Oakland, California (The best-known city with this name) Oakland, Florida Oakland, Maine Oakland, Maryland Oakland, Michigan Oakland, Missouri Oakland, Nebraska Oakland, New Jersey Oakland, Oklahoma Oakland, Oregon Oakland, Pennsylvania Oakland, Rhode Island Oakland, Tennessee... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... Major league affiliations American League (1901–present) West Division (1969–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 9, 27, 34, 42, 43, (As) Name Oakland Athletics (1968–present) Kansas City Athletics (1955-1967) Philadelphia Athletics (1901-1954) (Referred to as As) Other nicknames The As, The White Elephants, The... NBA redirects here. ... St. ... NBA official website NBA News from Pro Sports Daily Dougs NBA Statistics NBA Statistics from 82games. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Atlanta Hawks are a National Basketball Association (NBA) team based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... This article is about Milwaukee in Wisconsin. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Atlanta redirects here. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Atlanta Hawks are an American professional basketball team based in Atlanta, Georgia. ... The Sacramento Kings are a National Basketball Association team based in Sacramento, California. ... Sacramento redirects here. ... This article is about the year. ... The Sacramento Kings are a professional basketball team based in Sacramento, California. ... NHL redirects here. ... The Kansas City Scouts was an ice hockey franchise that played in the National Hockey League from 1974-1976 out of Kansas City, Missouri. ... Year 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the 1974 Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: Location of Denver in the State of Colorado Location of Colorado in the United States Coordinates: , Country United States State State of Colorado City and County Denver[1] Founded 1858-11-22, as Denver City, K.T.[2] Incorporated 1861-11-07, as Denver City, C.T.[3] Consolidated... Year 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Colorado Rockies was a professional ice hockey team in the National Hockey League (NHL) that played in Denver, Colorado from 1976 to 1982. ... Nickname: Map of Newark in Essex County Coordinates: , Country State County Essex Founded/Incorporated 1666/1836 Government  - Mayor Cory Booker, term of office 2006–2010 Area [1]  - Total 26. ... The New Jersey Devils are a professional ice hockey team based in Newark, New Jersey. ... The Ottawa Senators are an ice hockey team based in Ottawa, Canada. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the original Ottawa Senators. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ...

Miscellaneous topics

  • The USS Missouri, a U.S. Navy battleship, was named in honor of the state.
  • The phrase "I'm from Missouri" means I'm skeptical of the matter and not easily convinced. This is related to the state's motto of "Show Me," whose origin is popularly ascribed to an 1899 speech by Congressman Willard Vandiver, who declared that "I come from a country that raises corn and cotton, cockleburs and Democrats, and frothy eloquence neither convinces nor satisfies me. I'm from Missouri, and you have got to show me." However, according to researchers, the phrase was in circulation earlier in the 1890's.[29] According to another story, the phrase was originally a reference to Missouri laborers being brought to Colorado to quell a miner's strike and requiring frequent instruction.[30]
  • Missouri is known as "The Cave State" with over 6000 recorded caves (second to Kentucky). Perry County has both the largest number of caves and the single longest cave in the state.[31]

Radars: AN/SPS-49 Air Search Radar AN/SPS-67 Surface Search Radar Fire control: 4 × Mk 37 Gun Fire Control 2 × Mk 38 Gun Director 1 × Mk 40 Gun Director EW: AN/SLQ-32 Other: AN/SLQ-25 NIXIE Decoy System 8 × Super Rapid Bloom Rocket Launchers (SRBOC) Armor... USN redirects here. ... For other uses, see Battleship (disambiguation). ... Willard Duncan Vandiver (1854-1932) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Missouri. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... Perry County is a county located in the state of Missouri. ...

See also

Location of Missouri Flag of the State of Missouri Although fairly comprehensive, the alcohol laws of Missouri are among the most permissive in the United States, perhaps only behind those of Nevada and Louisiana. ... The Henry Shaw Ozark Corridor is a long string of adjoining conservation areas in the US state of Missouri, running 24 miles along Interstate 44 and 40 miles along the Meramec River. ... This is a list of historic houses in Missouri. ... A total of 64 individuals convicted of murder have been executed by the state of Missouri since 1976. ... The following is a list of state highways in Missouri. ... This is a list of state parks in the U.S. state of Missouri. ... The following are people who were either born/raised or have lived for a significant period of time in Missouri. ... Burt Bacharach Josephine Baker Thomas Hart Benton The painter. ... This is a list of broadcast television stations serving cities in the state of Missouri. ... Congressional districts for representation in the United States House of Representatives are determined after each census. ... Missouri Day is a Missouri observance currently held on the third Wednesday in October. ... The Missouri River is a tributary of the Mississippi River in the United States. ... The Missouri were an aboriginal tribe that inhabited parts of the midwestern United States before the American settlers arrived. ... Missouri Pacific (MoPac; AAR reporting mark MP) was one of the first railroads in the United States west of the Mississippi River. ... St. ... Scouting in Missouri has a long history, from the 1910s to the present day, serving thousands of youth in programs that suit the environment in which they live. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.census.gov/population/cen2000/phc-t29/tab03b.xls U.S. Census 2000 Metropolitan Area Rankings; ranked by population
  2. ^ http://www.census.gov/popest/states/tables/NST-EST2007-01.csv 2007 Population Estimates
  3. ^ a b Elevations and Distances in the United States. U.S Geological Survey (29 April 2005). Retrieved on November 6, 2006.
  4. ^ http://www.census.gov/const/regionmap.pdf
  5. ^ http://www.census.gov/geo/www/ua/ua2k.txt
  6. ^ http://www.chicagotribune.com/news/nationworld/chi-0411030358nov03,1,6377649.story?coll=chi-newsnationworld-utl&ctrack=1&cset=true
  7. ^ Introduction to Missouri - The Show Me State Capital Jefferson City
  8. ^ McCafferty, Michael. 2004. Correction: Etymology of Missouri (restricted access). American Speech, 79.1:32
  9. ^ American Heritage Dictionary: Missouri
  10. ^ http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/pdf/midwestus_nl.pdf
  11. ^ Midwest Region Economy at a Glance
  12. ^ UNC-CH surveys reveal where the ‘real’ South lies
  13. ^ Income Inequality in Missouri
  14. ^ New York Times, "Louisiana: The Levee System of the State", 10/8/1874; accessed 11/15/2007
  15. ^ Hoffhaus. (1984). Chez Les Canses: Three Centuries at Kawsmouth. Kansas City: Lowell Press. ISBN 0-913504-91-2.
  16. ^ MISSOURI V. IOWA, 48 U. S. 660 (1849) - US Supreme Court Cases from Justia & Oyez
  17. ^ Meinig, D.W. (1993). The Shaping of America: A Geographical Perspective on 500 Years of History, Volume 2: Continental America, 1800-1867. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-05658-3; pg. 437
  18. ^ Historical Census Browser, 1860 Federal Census, University of Virginia Library, accessed 21 Mar 2008
  19. ^ http://www.valpo.edu/geomet/pics/geo200/religion/catholic.gif
  20. ^ Missouri Secretary of State - State Archives - Origin of "Show Me" slogan
  21. ^ a b [http://www.forbes.com/business/2007/11/01/tobacco-smoking-north-carolina-biz-cx_tvr_1101smoking.html "Best Cities for Smokers," Forbes Magazine, November 1, 2007
  22. ^ "State Tax Rates on Cigarettes," Federation of Tax Administrators, January 1, 2007
  23. ^ "A burning issue," St. Louis Post-Dispatch, November 12, 2006
  24. ^ Rob Roberts, "Critics: Don't expect smoking ban for years, if ever," Kansas City Business Journal, November 24, 2004
  25. ^ James R. Davis and Ross C. Brownson, "A Policy for Clean Indoor Air in Missouri: History and Lessons Learned," St. Louis University Public Law Review, Volume 13, p. 749 (1994)
  26. ^ Section 191.769, Revised Statues of Missouri
  27. ^ Section 290.145, Revised Statutes of Missouri
  28. ^ “America's Best Colleges 2008: National Universities: Top Schools.” USNews.com: . January 18, 2008.
  29. ^ "I'm from Missouri -- Show Me." http://www.barrypopik.com/index.php/new_york_city/entry/summary3
  30. ^ Origin of "Show Me" Slogan. Secretary of State, Missouri. http://www.sos.mo.gov/archives/history/slogan.asp
  31. ^ Scott House (2005-05-14). Fact Sheet on 6000 Caves. The Missouri Speleological Survey, Inc..

is the 119th day of the year (120th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... D.W. Meinig (Donald William Meinig) is an American geographer, focusing on historical geography, regional geography, cultural geography, social geography, and landscape interpretation. ... Saint Louis University (SLU) is a private, co-educational Roman Catholic university in the United States. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 14 is the 134th day of the year (135th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

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Coordinates: 38.5° N 92.5° W Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      A U.S. state is any one of the fifty subnational entities of... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Alaska (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Demonym Coloradan Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th in the US  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Capital Hartford Largest city Bridgeport[2] Largest metro area Hartford Metro Area[3] Area  Ranked 48th in the US  - Total 5,543[4] sq mi (14,356 km²)  - Width 70 miles (113 km)  - Length 110 miles (177 km)  - % water 12. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Delaware. ... This article is about the U.S. State of Florida. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Idaho (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... For other uses, see Indiana (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Frankfort Largest city Louisville Area  Ranked 37th  - Total 40,444 sq mi (104,749 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 379 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Official language(s) None (English, de facto) Capital Annapolis Largest city Baltimore Largest metro area Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 42nd  - Total 12,407 sq mi (32,133 km²)  - Width 101 miles (145 km)  - Length 249 miles (400 km)  - % water 21  - Latitude 37° 53′ N to 39° 43′ N... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Nebraska (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. State of Nevada. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) None Spoken language(s) English 68. ... This article is about the state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Raleigh Largest city Charlotte Largest metro area Charlotte metro area Area  Ranked 28th  - Total 53,865 sq mi (139,509 km²)  - Width 150 miles (240 km)  - Length 560[1] miles (900 km)  - % water 9. ... Official language(s) English Capital Bismarck Largest city Fargo Area  Ranked 19th in the US  - Total 70,762 sq mi (183,272 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 340 miles (545 km)  - % water 2. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see Oklahoma (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Official language(s) English Capital Columbia Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Columbia Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32° 2′ N to 35° 13′ N  - Longitude 78° 32′ W to 83... Official language(s) English Demonym South Dakotan Capital Pierre Largest city Sioux Falls Area  Ranked 17th in the US  - Total 77,116[1] sq mi (199,905 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 380 miles (610 km)  - % water 1. ... This article is about the U.S. state of Tennessee. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... For the capital city of the United States, see Washington, D.C.. For other uses, see Washington (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) none (de facto English) Demonym West Virginian Capital Charleston Largest city Charleston Largest metro area Charleston metro area Area  Ranked 41st in the US  - Total 24,230 sq mi (62,755 km²)  - Width 130 miles (210 km)  - Length 240 miles (385 km)  - % water 0. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Federal districts are subdivisions of a federal system of government. ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... An insular area is United States territory that is neither a part of one of the fifty states nor a part of the District of Columbia, the nations federal district. ... Motto Samoa, Muamua Le Atua(Samoan) Samoa, Let God Be First Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner, Amerika Samoa Capital Pago Pago; Fagatogo (seat of government) Official languages English, Samoan Government  -  Governor Togiola Tulafono United States unincorporated territory  -  Treaty of Berlin 1899   -  Deed of Cession of Tutuila 1900   -  Deed of Cession... Anthem: Gi Talo Gi Halom Tasi(Chamorro) Satil Matawal Pacifiko(Carolinian) Capital Saipan Official languages English, Chamorro, Carolinian Government Presidential representative democracy  -  Governor Benigno R. Fitial  -  Lt. ... For the board game, see Puerto Rico (board game). ... Motto United in Pride and Hope Anthem Virgin Islands March Capital (and largest city) Charlotte Amalie Official languages English Government  -  Head of State George W. Bush  -  Governor John de Jongh Organized, unincorporated territory  -  Revised Organic Act 22 July 1954  Area  -  Total 346. ... The flag of the United States is used for all of the United States Minor Outlying Islands The United States Minor Outlying Islands, a statistical designation defined by ISO 3166-1, consists of nine insular United States possessions: All of these islands are in the Pacific Ocean except Navassa Island... Bajo Nuevo Bank, also called the Petrel Islands, is located in the western United States and Jamaica. ... Baker Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°13′N 176°31′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Howland Island Howland Island is an uninhabited atoll located just north of the equator in the central Pacific Ocean at 0°48′N 176°38′W, about 3,100 km (1,675 nautical miles) southwest of Honolulu. ... Jarvis Island (formerly also known as Bunker Island[1]) is an uninhabited 4. ... Johnston Atoll is a 130 km² atoll in the North Pacific Ocean at 16°45′N 169°30′W, about one-third of the way from Hawaii to the Marshall Islands. ... The flag of the US is used for Kingman Reef Kingman Reef Kingman Reef—NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Kingman Reef is a one-square-kilometer tropical coral reef located in the North Pacific Ocean, roughly half way between Hawaiian Islands and American Samoa at 6°24... Orthographic projection centred over Midway. ... Navassa Island map from The World Factbook Navassa Island - NASA NLT Landsat 7 (Visible Color) Satellite Image Navassa Island (La Navase in French, Lanavaz in Haitian Kreyòl) is a small, uninhabited island in the Caribbean Sea. ... Palmyra Atoll - Landsat Image N-03-05_2000 (1:50,000) Palmyra Atoll - Marplot Map (1:50,000) Orthographic projection over Palmyra Atoll Palmyra Atoll, is an incorporated atoll administered by the United States government. ... Serranilla Bank is a western Caribbean island located about 210 miles north-northeast of Nicaragua. ... USGS Landsat 7 ETM+ satellite image of Wake Island. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


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