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Encyclopedia > Missoula, Montana
Missoula, Montana
Missoula, Montana viewed from the top of Mount Sentinel in 1999.
Official seal of Missoula, Montana
Seal
Location of Missoula in Montana
Coordinates: 46°51′45″N 114°0′42″W / 46.8625, -114.01167
Country United States
State Montana
County Missoula
Founded 1866
Government
 - Mayor John Engen
Area
 - City 23.9 sq mi (61.9 km²)
 - Land 23.8 sq mi (61.6 km²)
 - Water 0 sq mi (0 km²)
Elevation 3,209 ft (978 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 57,053
 - Density 2,397.1/sq mi (925.5/km²)
 - Metro 70,000
Time zone Mountain (UTC-7)
 - Summer (DST) Mountain (UTC-6)
Area code(s) 406
FIPS code 30-50200
GNIS feature ID 0787504
Website: www.ci.missoula.mt.us

Missoula is a city in and the county seat of Missoula CountyGR6 in western Montana, United States. As of the United States 2000 Census, the population was 57,053, making it the second-largest city in Montana. Missoula is the home of the University of Montana. It is the birthplace of Jeannette Rankin (1880 - 1973), the first woman elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. Missoula is nicknamed the Garden City. Local news sources include the Missoulian, the Missoula Independent, and New West Missoula. It is served by Missoula International Airport. Missoula, Montana viewed from the top of Mt Sentinel. ... This article is about the year. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Missoula_County_Montana_Incorporated_and_Unincorporated_areas_Missoula_Highlighted. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44° 21′ N to 49° N  - Longitude 104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W Population  Ranked... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44° 21′ N to 49° N  - Longitude 104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W Population  Ranked... List of Montana counties: Beaverhead County Big Horn County Blaine County Broadwater County Carbon County Carter County Cascade County Chouteau County Custer County Daniels County Dawson County LP16 Deer Lodge County Fallon County Fergus County Flathead County Gallatin County LP6 Garfield County LP50 Glacier County Golden Valley County Granite County... Missoula County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... 1866 (MDCCCLXVI) is a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see City (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Mountain Standard Time (MST) is UTC-7, Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) is UTC-6 The Mountain Time Zone of North America keeps time by subtracting seven hours from Coordinated Universal Time (UTC-7) during the shortest days of autumn and winter, and by subtracting six hours during daylight saving time... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Area code 406 is the telephone area code serving all of the state of Montana. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... A county seat is a term for an administrative center for a county, primarily used in the United States. ... Missoula County is a county located in the state of Montana. ... Official language(s) English Capital Helena Largest city Billings Area  Ranked 4th  - Total 147,165 sq mi (381,156 km²)  - Width 255 miles (410 km)  - Length 630 miles (1,015 km)  - % water 1  - Latitude 44° 21′ N to 49° N  - Longitude 104° 2′ W to 116° 3′ W Population  Ranked... The United States Census of year 2000, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... University of Montana The University of Montana campus, 1999. ... Jeannette Rankin (June 11, 1880 – May 18, 1973) was the first woman elected to the United States House of Representatives and the first female member of Congress. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the song by James Blunt, see 1973 (song). ... Garden City is the name of several places around the world. ... The Missoulian is a daily newspaper printed in Missoula, Montana. ... Missoula International Airport (IATA: MSO, ICAO: KMSO) is a public airport located four miles (6 km) northwest of the city of Missoula in Missoula County, Montana, USA. The airport has two runways. ...

Contents

Geography and climate

Missoula is located at 46°51′45″N, 114°0′42″W (46.862633, -114.011593)GR1.


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 61.9 km² (23.9 mi²). 61.6 km² (23.8 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it (0.46%) is water. Missoula is located in a deep valley surrounded by mountains and is cut by three major rivers, the Clark Fork River, the Bitterroot River and the Blackfoot River. The city is the namesake and center of the large, ancient Glacial Lake Missoula, which caused catastrophic floods across the northwest between 15,000 and 13,000 years ago. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A mile is any of several units of distance, or, in physics terminology, of length. ... The Clark Fork River is a river in the U.S. states of Montana and Idaho, approximately 360 mi (579 km) long. ... The Bitterroot River is a tributary of the Clark Fork River in southwestern Montana, USA. It runs for about 75 miles south-to-north through the Bitterroot Valley, from the confluence of its West and East forks near Conner to the Clark Fork near Missoula. ... The Blackfoot River, sometimes called the Big Blackfoot River to distinguish it from the Little Blackfoot River, runs through western Montana and through the town of Missoula. ... Glacial Lake Missoula was a prehistoric proglacial lake in western Montana that existed periodically at the end of the last ice age between 15,000 and 13,000 years ago. ...


Because it is located in a valley, Missoula suffers from smoke, soot, and occasional fog inversion during the winter months. There have been emissions restrictions placed on various industries, and the burning of wood in wood stoves. In recent years, those restrictions have resulted in significant improvement in the problem.

Monthly Normal and Record High and Low Temperatures
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Rec High °F 59 66 78 87 95 98 107[1] 105 99 85 73 60
Norm High °F 30.8 37.4 48.1 58 66.1 74.5 83.6 83.2 71.5 57.4 40 30.3
Norm Low °F 16.2 20.5 27.1 32.4 39.3 45.9 50.2 49.3 40.6 31.4 24 16.5
Rec Low °F -33 -27 -13 14 21 30 31 30 20 0 -23 -30
Precip (in) 1.06 0.77 0.96 1.09 1.95 1.73 1.09 1.15 1.08 0.83 0.96 1.15
Source: USTravelWeather.com [1]

Demographics

The Clark Fork River flows through downtown Missoula. (2003)
The Clark Fork River flows through downtown Missoula. (2003)

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 57,053 people, 24,141 households, and 12,336 families residing in the city. (A 2004 estimate puts the city's population at 61,790.) The population density was 925.6/km² (2,397.1/mi²). There were 25,225 housing units at an average density of 409.2/km² (1,059.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.57% White, 2.35% Native American, 1.23% Asian, 0.36% African American, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 0.51% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.76% of the population. ImageMetadata File history File links Missoulasunsetnl_copy. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Missoulasunsetnl_copy. ... The Clark Fork River is a river in the U.S. states of Montana and Idaho, approximately 360 mi (579 km) long. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 24,141 households out of which 24.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.9% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 48.9% were non-families. 33.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.88. Marriage is an interpersonal relationship with governmental, social, or religious recognition, usually intimate and sexual, and often created as a contract, or through civil process. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 19.7% under the age of 18, 20.7% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.1 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $30,366, and the median income for a family was $42,103. Males had a median income of $30,686 versus $21,559 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,166. About 11.7% of families and 19.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 9.3% of those age 65 or over. 38% of Missoula residents age 25 and older have a bachelor's or advanced college degree. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History

The first inhabitants of the Missoula area were American Indians from the Salish tribe. They called the area "Nemissoolatakoo," from which "Missoula" is derived. The word translates roughly to "river of ambush/surprise," a reflection of the inter-tribal fighting common to the area. The Indians' first encounter with whites came in 1805 when the Lewis and Clark expedition passed through the Missoula Valley. This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ... The Coast Salish are a Salishan-speaking First Nations/Native American culture that inhabited an area centered in southwestern British Columbia in Canada and western Washington in the United States for several millennia up to the time of arrival of the Europeans in the 19th century. ... The Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-1806) was the first American overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back. ...


There were no permanent white settlements in the Missoula Valley until 1860 when C. P. Higgins and Francis Worden opened a trading post called the Hellgate Village on the Blackfoot River near the eastern edge of the valley. It was followed by a sawmill and a flourmill, which the settlers called "Missoula Mills". The completion of the Mullan Road connecting Fort Benton, Montana with Walla Walla, Washington and passing through the Missoula Valley meant fast growth for the burgeoning city, buoyed by the U.S. Army's establishment of Fort Missoula in 1877, and the arrival of the Northern Pacific Railroad in 1883. With this Missoula became a trading center in earnest, distributing produce and grain grown in the agriculturally prosperous Bitterroot Valley. Businessmen A. B. Hammond, E. L. Bonner, and R. A. Eddy established the Missoula Mercantile Company in the early 1880s. Fort Benton is a city located in Chouteau County, Montana. ... Walla Walla is both the county seat of Walla Walla County, Washington, and the countys largest city. ... Northern Pacific Railway Categories: Stub | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Idaho railroads | Minnesota railroads | Montana railroads | North Dakota railroads | Oregon railroads | Washington railroads | Wisconsin railroads ...


The city's success was aided by two other factors. First was the opening of the University of Montana in September 1895, serving as the center of public higher education for Western Montana. Then, in 1908, Missoula became a regional headquarters for the Forest Service, which began training smokejumpers in 1942. The Aerial Fire Depot was built in 1954, and big industry came to Missoula in 1956, with the groundbreaking for the first pulp mill. University of Montana The University of Montana campus, 1999. ... Logo of the U.S. Forest Service. ...


Until the mid 1970s, logging was a mainstay industry with log yards throughout the city. Many ran teepee burners to dispose waste material, contributing to the smoky haze that sometimes covered the town. The current site of Southgate Mall was once the location of the largest log-processing yard within several hundred miles. The saws could be heard over two miles away on a clear summer night. However, by the early 1990s, changes in the economic fortunes in the city had shut down all the Missoula log yards. A Teepee Burner is a large, metal, free standing structure ranging from 30 to 60 feet in height that looks like a cross between a Teepee and a badminton shuttlecock. ...


Missoula is located within the flyfishing Golden Triangle and is a popular area for hunting mule deer, elk, bear, moose and other game animals. This provides Missoula with an ample tourism industry based on hunting and fishing. Historically, the premier flyfishing locations in the United States have been located in the Rocky Mountains in an area encompassing Yellowstone National Park, Montana and Idaho. ...


Local attractions

Missoula is located near the Rattlesnake Wilderness and Rattlesnake National Recreation Area, two areas that protect Missoula's municipal watershed and serve as wildlife habitat and recreational areas. Local ski areas include Montana Snowbowl and Marshall Mountain (closed). The U.S. Forest Service's smokejumper base, the largest of its kind, is located near the Missoula airport. Free tours of the base are popular with tourists during the summer wildfire season. A walking bridge over the downtown railroad yards of the Montana RailLink railroad is a popular destination for railfans. The Missoula Osprey are the local minor league baseball team. The Rattlesnake Wilderness is located in the U.S. state of Montana. ... Rattlesnake National Recreation Area is a United States National Recreation Area located 4 miles (6. ... The USDA Forest Service, a United States government agency within the United States Department of Agriculture, is under the leadership of the United States Secretary of Agriculture. ... A smokejumper is a firefighter who parachutes into a remote area to combat wildfires. ... For other uses, see Wildfire (disambiguation). ... This is the top-level page of WikiProject trains Rail tracks Rail transport refers to the land transport of passengers and goods along railways or railroads. ... Montana RailLink (AAR reporting mark MRL) is a privately-held Class II railroad in the United States. ... Railfans practicing their hobby at Prairie du Chien, Wisconsin. ... The Missoula Osprey are a minor league baseball team, an affiliate of the Arizona Diamondbacks. ...


Education

Missoula is home to the main campus of the University of Montana. There are three public high schools: Hellgate High School, Sentinel High School, and Big Sky High School, and two private schools: Valley Christian School and Loyola Sacred Heart High School. University of Montana The University of Montana campus, 1999. ... Hellgate High School Hellgate High School The school is located at 900 South Higgins Avenue Missoula, MT 59801 is the largest high school in the Missoula County Public Schools District of Montana in terms of student body population. ... The Valley Christian Schools (VCS) are private schools located in Dublin, California. ... Loyola Sacred Heart High School is a private, Roman Catholic high school in Missoula, Montana. ...


Arts

Missoula has a thriving arts scene. The International Wildlife Film Festival, the largest animal-themed film festival in the world, is held annually at the historic Wilma Theatre. The Missoula Children's Theatre is an international touring program that visits nearly 1,000 communities per year. The Children's Theatre routinely has residencies in all fifty states, Canada, Japan, Germany, Italy, and many other countries. A film festival is the presentation or showcasing of films in one or more movie theaters or screening venues. ...


The city is frequently mentioned in novels of Ernest Hemingway, Stephen Frey, Chuck Palahniuk, James Lee Burke, and Norman Maclean. In his novel, A River Runs Through It, Maclean wrote that "The world is full of bastards, the number increasing rapidly the further one gets from Missoula, Montana." Ernest Miller Hemingway (July 21, 1899 – July 2, 1961) was an American novelist, short-story writer, and journalist. ... Stephen Frey is a best-selling author who writes novels set in the financial world. ... Charles Michael Chuck Palahniuk (pronounced )[1] (born February 21, 1962) is an American satirical novelist and freelance journalist of Ukrainian ancestry born in Pasco, Washington. ... James Lee Burke is an American author best known for his mysteries, particularly the Dave Robicheaux series. ... Norman Fitzroy Maclean (23 December 1902 in Clarinda, Iowa — 2 August 1990 in Chicago, Illinois) was an American author and scholar most noted for his books A River Runs Through It and Other Stories (1976) and Young Men and Fire (1992). ... A River Runs Through It and Other Stories is a semi-autobiographical novella by Norman Maclean (1902–1990). ...


Missoula is home to a diverse and influential music scene. Members of bands such as Deranged Diction, which formed in Missoula, later moved to Seattle and became key members of groups such as Green River, Mother Love Bone, Pearl Jam, Silkworm, and Love Battery, playing an important role in the birth of the grunge movement. The city is prominently featured in "Apology Song" by Oregon indie-band The Decemberists. City nickname Emerald City City bird Great Blue Heron City flower Dahlia City mottos The City of Flowers The City of Goodwill City song Seattle, the Peerless City Mayor Greg Nickels County King County Area   - Total   - Land   - Water   - % water 369. ... Green River may refer to: Canada Green River (Whistler,BC), Runs out of Green Lake and heads toward Pemberton. ... Mother Love Bone was a Seattle based rock band active from 1988 to 1990. ... This article is about the rock group. ... Binomial name Bombyx mori Linnaeus, 1758 For other senses of this word, see silkworm (disambiguation). ... Love Battery are an American grunge band from Seattle. ... Grunge music (sometimes also referred to as the Seattle Sound) is an independent-rooted music genre that became a commercially successful offshoot of hardcore punk, thrash metal, and alternative rock in the late 1980s and early 1990s. ... The Decemberists are a five-piece indie pop band from Portland, Oregon, fronted by singer/songwriter Colin Meloy . ...


Sister cities

Missoula has two sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International, Inc. (SCI): Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm Town twinning or sister cities is a concept whereby towns or cities from geographically and politically distinct areas are paired, with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Neckargemünd is a town in Germany, in the district of Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, state of Baden-Württemberg. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_New_Zealand. ... Palmerston North (Māori: ) is the main city of the Manawatu-Wanganui region of the North Island of New Zealand. ...

References

  1. ^ July 2007 was a record setting month in terms of temperatures across western Montana and north central Idaho. National Weather Service (2007-08-12). Retrieved on 2007-09-09.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Coordinates: 46.862633° N 114.011593° W Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Missoula County Official Web Site (473 words)
Missoula County has a population of over 100,000 people and the county seat is Missoula.
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Missoula County is governed by three Commissioners, each elected to staggered six-year terms.
Missoula, Montana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1534 words)
Missoula is a city in and the county seat of Missoula County
Missoula is located in a deep valley surrounded by mountains and is cut by three major rivers, the Clark Fork River, the Bitterroot River and the Blackfoot River.
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