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Encyclopedia > Miss Saigon
Miss Saigon
Logo
Music Claude-Michel Schönberg
Lyrics Alain Boublil
Richard Maltby, Jr.
Book Claude-Michel Schönberg
Alain Boublil
Based upon Opera by Giacomo Puccini
Madame Butterfly
Productions 1989 West End

1991 Broadway
1992 Japan
1993 Toronto
1993 Japan
1994 Hungary
1994 Los Angeles
1995 Sydney
1995 Germany
1996 Netherlands
1997 Denmark
2000 Philippines
2000 Poland
2001 UK tour
2002 Tallinn 2004 UK tour
2005 US tour
2004 Japan
2006 South Korea
2007 Australia
2007 Bulgaria
2007 Czech Republic
2007 Canada
2007 Finland
2007 Brazil
2008 Japan
Image File history File links Saigon2. ... Claude-Michel Schönberg (born July 6, 1944 in Vannes, France) is a French record producer, actor, singer, popular songwriter, and musical theatre composer, best known for his collaborations with the librettist Alain Boublil. ... Alain Boublil is a librettist, best known for his collaborations with the composer Claude-Michel Schönberg. ... Richard Maltby, Jr. ... Claude-Michel Schönberg (born July 6, 1944 in Vannes, France) is a French record producer, actor, singer, popular songwriter, and musical theatre composer, best known for his collaborations with the librettist Alain Boublil. ... Alain Boublil is a librettist, best known for his collaborations with the composer Claude-Michel Schönberg. ... This article is about Opera, the art form. ... Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) was an Italian composer whose operas, including La bohème, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly, are among the most frequently performed in the standard repertoire. ... Madama Butterfly (or sometimes Madame Butterfly in English) is an opera in three acts by Giacomo Puccini, set in Japan. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... West End theatre is a popular term for mainstream professional theatre in London, England, or sometimes more specifically for shows staged in the large theatres of Londons Theatreland. Along with New Yorks Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display full 1994 Gregorian calendar). ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... County Area 159. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... 2008 (MMVIII) will be a leap year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Miss Saigon is a musical by Claude-Michel Schönberg and Alain Boublil, with lyrics by Boublil and Richard Maltby, Jr.. It premiered at the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, in London on September 20, 1989, closing after 4,264 performances on October 30, 1999. On April 11, 1991, it opened at the Broadway Theatre in New York, and closed on January 28, 2001 after 4,092 performances.[1] The musical represented Schönberg and Boublil's second major success, following Les Misérables in 1980. As of August 2007, Miss Saigon is still the 10th longest-running Broadway musical in musical theatre history. [2] The Fantasticks is the longest-running musical in history Musical theatre is a form of theatre combining music, songs, spoken dialogue and dance. ... Claude-Michel Schönberg (born July 6, 1944 in Vannes, France) is a French record producer, actor, singer, popular songwriter, and musical theatre composer, best known for his collaborations with the librettist Alain Boublil. ... Alain Boublil is a librettist, best known for his collaborations with the composer Claude-Michel Schönberg. ... Richard Maltby, Jr. ... Currently home to Lord Of The Rings, the musical. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 303rd day of the year (304th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 101st day of the year (102nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... The Broadway Theatre is located in New York City, on 1681 Broadway (Broadway and 53rd Street). ... “NY” redirects here. ... is the 28th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Les Misérables (translated variously from French as The Miserable Ones, The Wretched, The Poor Ones, The Wretched Poor, The Victims) (1862) is a novel by French author Victor Hugo, and among the best-known novels of the 19th century. ...


Miss Saigon is a modern adaptation of Giacomo Puccini's opera Madame Butterfly, and similarly tells the tragic tale of a doomed romance involving an Asian woman abandoned by her American lover. The setting of the plot is relocated to the 1970s Saigon during the Vietnam War, and Madame Butterfly's American Lieutenant and Japanese geisha coupling is replaced by a romance between an American GI and a Vietnamese bar girl. Giacomo Antonio Domenico Michele Secondo Maria Puccini (December 22, 1858 – November 29, 1924) was an Italian composer whose operas, including La bohème, Tosca, and Madama Butterfly, are among the most frequently performed in the standard repertoire. ... Madama Butterfly (Madame Butterfly) is an opera in three acts (originally two acts) by Giacomo Puccini, with an Italian libretto by Luigi Illica and Giuseppe Giacosa. ... Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành Chí Minh) is the largest city in Vietnam, located near the delta of the Mekong River. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... Typical nape make-up Geisha ) or Geigi )(pronounce Gay - Sha) are traditional, female Japanese entertainers, whose skills include performing various Japanese arts, such as classical music and dance. ... The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ...


The show's inspiration was reportedly a photograph, inadvertently found by Schönberg in a magazine. The photo showed a Vietnamese mother leaving her child at a departure gate at Tan Son Nhut Air Base to board a plane headed for the United States of America where her father, an ex-GI, would be in a position to provide a much better life for the child. Schönberg considered this mother's actions for her child to be "The Ultimate Sacrifice," an idea central to the plot of Miss Saigon.[3] Tan Son Nhut Air Base is a former United States Air Force base. ...


Miss Saigon was part of the major European influence on Broadway in the 1980s, along with the musicals Cats, The Phantom of the Opera, and Les Misérables. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... Cats is an award-winning musical composed by Andrew Lloyd Webber based on Old Possums Book of Practical Cats and other poems by T. S. Eliot. ... The Phantom of the Opera is a musical by Andrew Lloyd Webber, based on the novel by French novelist Gaston Leroux. ... Les Misérables (pronunciation ), colloquially known as Les Mis, is a musical composed in 1980 by French composer Claude-Michel Schönberg on a libretto by Alain Boublil. ...

Contents

Production history

Since its opening in London in 1989, Miss Saigon was successfully produced in many cities around the world including Stuttgart and Toronto, where new theatres were designed specifically to house the show. In December 1994 the London production became the Theatre Royal's (Drury Lane) longest running musical, eclipsing the record set by My Fair Lady. , City Center seen from Weinsteige Road Castle Solitude The 1956 TV Tower The Weissenhof Estate in 1927 Stuttgart (IPA: []) is the capital of the state of Baden-Württemberg in southern Germany. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... My Fair Lady is a musical with a book and lyrics by Alan Jay Lerner and music by Frederick Loewe, based on George Bernard Shaws Pygmalion. ...


Upon its Broadway opening in 1991 the musical was massively hyped as the best musical of the year, both critically and commercially. It broke several Broadway records, including a record advance-ticket sales at $24 million, highest priced ticket at $100, and repaying investors in less than 39 weeks.[4] However, although the show has been laden with awards and acclaim, it lost the Best Musical Award at the 1989/90 Laurence Olivier Awards to Return to the Forbidden Planet in London and at the 1991 Tony Awards to Will Rogers Follies.[1] The Laurence Olivier Awards, previously known as The Society of West End Theatre Awards, were renamed in honour of British actor Laurence Olivier, Baron Olivier in 1984, having first been established in 1976. ... Return to the Forbidden Planet is a Jukebox musical by director Bob Carlton based on Shakespeares The Tempest and the 1950s science fiction film Forbidden Planet (which itself drew its plot loosely from The Tempest). ... What is popularly called the Tony Award® but is formally the Antoinette Perry Award is an annual American award celebrating achievements in theater, including musical theater. ... Will Rogers Follies is a musical about the famed humorist, Will Rogers. ...


After the London production closed in 1999 and also following the closure of the Broadway production in 2001 the show in its original London staging embarked on a long tour of the six largest venues in Britain and Ireland stopping off in each city for several months. The tour opened at the Palace Theatre, Manchester and also played in the Birmingham Hippodrome, the Mayflower Theatre Southampton, the Edinburgh Playhouse, the Bristol Hippodrome and the The Point Theatre in Dublin. This highly successful tour drew to a close in 2003 and a brand new production was developed by original producer Cameron Mackintosh on a smaller scale so that the show could be accommodated in smaller theatres. This 'new' tour started in July 2004. The Palace Theatre Manchester is one of the main theatres in Manchester, England. ... The Birmingham Hippodrome is a theatre situated on Hurst Street in Birmingham, England. ... The Mayflower Theatre The Mayflower is a theatre in the city centre of Southampton, England, with a capacity of 2,200. ... For other uses, see Southampton (disambiguation). ... Edinburgh Playhouse is a theatre in Edinburgh, Scotland which plays host to numerous touring musicals as well as many touring bands. ... The Bristol Hippodrome is a theatre in the city centre of Bristol with a capacity of nearly 2000. ... Located on the north quay of Dublins River Liffey, The Point Theatre(originally known as The Point Depot) was constructed in 1878 as a train depot to serve the nearby busy port. ... Dublin city centre at night WGS-84 (GPS) Coordinates: , Statistics Province: Leinster County: Dáil Éireann: Dublin Central, Dublin North Central, Dublin North East, Dublin North West, Dublin South Central, Dublin South East European Parliament: Dublin Dialling Code: +353 1 Postal District(s): D1-24, D6W Area: 114. ...


Miss Saigon is not currently touring the US, but is in many other countries. The recent UK National tour opened at the Theatre Royal, Plymouth in August 2004, and continued to tour the country into early 2006. The tour has been the most successful of recent times, with venues including Oxford, Milton Keynes, Woking, Norwich, Nottingham, Cardiff, Bristol, Birmingham, Manchester, Glasgow, Bradford, Belfast, Southampton, Edinburgh, Aberdeen, Liverpool and Sunderland. The tour ended in Bristol in June 2006. This production is due to transfer to other countries including Korea and Australia.[5] Oxford is a city and local government district in Oxfordshire, England, with a population of 134,248 (2001 census). ... , Milton Keynes is a large town in northern Buckinghamshire, in South East England, about 45 miles (75 km) north-west of London, and roughly halfway between London and Birmingham. ... , See Woking (borough) for the administrative district. ... Norwich (IPA: //) is a city in East Anglia, in Eastern England. ... For other uses, see Nottingham (disambiguation). ... This article is about the capital city of Wales. ... This article is about the English city. ... Birmingham (pron. ... This article is about the City of Manchester in England. ... For other uses, see Glasgow (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Bradford (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in Northern Ireland. ... For other uses, see Southampton (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Edinburgh (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Aberdeen (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Liverpool (disambiguation). ... , The Wearmouth Bridge Sunderland (pronounced: , or ) is a city in North East England which was formerly a county borough, and is now part of the City of Sunderland in Tyne and Wear. ... This article is about the English city. ...


Currently the show is running in the Lyric Theatre, Sydney. A Brazilian production will open at Teatro Abril, São Paulo on July, 2007.


It has been performed in Japanese, Magyar, German, Dutch, Danish, Tagalog, Polish, Estonian, Korean, Bulgarian, Czech, Finnish, Portuguese, and American Sign Language.


Controversy

In the London production of Miss Saigon, Lea Salonga originally starred as Kim, with Jonathan Pryce as the Engineer. When the production transferred from London to New York City, the Actors' Equity Association (AEA) refused to allow Jonathan Pryce, a white British actor who had played the Engineer, to recreate the role in America. As Alan Eisenberg, executive secretary of Actors' Equity explained, "The casting of a Caucasian actor made up to appear Asian is an affront to the Asian community. The casting choice is especially disturbing when the casting of an Asian actor, in the role, would be an important and significant opportunity to break the usual pattern of casting Asians in minor roles."[6] This ruling led to criticism from many including British Equity, citing violations of the principles of artistic integrity and freedom. Producer Cameron Mackintosh cancelled the show, despite massive advanced ticket sales.[2] Lea Salonga-Chien (born Maria Ligaya Carmen Imutan Salonga on February 22, 1971 in Angeles City, Philippines) is a Tony, Olivier, Drama Desk, and Theatre World award-winning Filipino singer and actress who is best known for her portrayal of Kim in the musical Miss Saigon. ... Jonathan Pryce (born June 1, 1947) is a Welsh film, television, and stage actor who has starred in such Hollywood films include Brazil, Pirates of the Caribbean, Tomorrow Never Dies and The New World. ... The Actors Equity Association (commonly simply Equity) is the trade union of American theatrical performers and stage managers. ... The British Actors Equity Association (now called Equity) is the British actors trade union. ... Sir Cameron Mackintosh (born 17 October 1946) is a successful British theatrical producer. ...


Although there has been a large, well-publicized international search among Asian actresses to play Kim, there had been no equivalent search for Asian actors to play the major Asian male roles -- specifically, Engineer (Pryce) and Thuy (Burns). However, others pointed out that since the Engineer's character was Eurasian (French-Vietnamese), they argued that Pryce was being discriminated on the basis that he was Caucasian. Also, Pryce was considered by many in Britain to have "star status", a clause that allows a well-known foreign actor to recreate a role on Broadway without an American casting call.[6] After pressure from Mackintosh, the general public, and many of its own members, Actors' Equity was forced to reverse its decision. Pryce starred alongside Salonga and Willy Falk (as Chris) when the show opened on Broadway.[3][4]


During the production transfer from West End to Broadway, a lesser controversy erupted over Lea Salonga's citizenship, as she was neither British or American. The AEA wanted to give priority their own members and so initially prevented her from reprising her role. However, Mackintosh was not able to find a satisfactory replacement for Salonga despite the extensive auditions he conducted in several American and Canadian cities. An arbitrator reversed the AEA ruling a month later to allow Salonga to star.[5] Lea Salonga-Chien (born Maria Ligaya Carmen Imutan Salonga on February 22, 1971 in Angeles City, Philippines) is a Tony, Olivier, Drama Desk, and Theatre World award-winning Filipino singer and actress who is best known for her portrayal of Kim in the musical Miss Saigon. ...


Miss Saigon has experienced criticism from the Asian American community for various racial issues.[7] Originally, Pryce and Burns, white actors playing Eurasian/Asian characters, wore eye prostheses and bronzing cream to make themselves look more Asian,[8] which outraged some who drew comparisons to a "minstrel show".[6] The libretto of Miss Saigon also contains lyrics that many Asians might consider offensive, such as the Engineer's lines: "Greasy chinks make life so sleazy/ in the States I'll have a club that's four-starred" (American Dream) and "Why was I born of a race that thinks only of rice and hates entrepreneurs?" (If You Want to Die In Bed).[8] Detail from cover of The Celebrated Negro Melodies, as Sung by the Virginia Minstrels, 1843 The minstrel show, or minstrelsy, was an American entertainment consisting of comic skits, variety acts, dancing, and music, performed by white people in blackface or, especially after the American Civil War, African Americans in blackface. ...


Plot

Miss Saigon

Miss Saigon takes place during the years 1975 and 1978. It tells the story of a romance between Chris, an American Marine serving as an Embassy guard in Saigon on the eve of the city's fall to the Communist forces in May 1975, and Kim, a young Vietnamese woman orphaned by the war and forced to work in a Saigon night club/brothel. The two have a reluctant sexual encounter, but end up falling in love despite their initial apprehension. Separated from Kim in the chaos of the American evacuation, Chris is forced to return to the United States and during the next three years the two struggle to deal with the emotional aftermath of their affair. Image File history File links Miss-saigon. ... Image File history File links Miss-saigon. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnamese: Thành Chí Minh) is the largest city in Vietnam, located near the delta of the Mekong River. ... USAF CH-53 helicopters on the deck of Midway during Operation Frequent Wind, April 1975 Operation Frequent Wind was the emergency evacuation of Americans by helicopter from Saigon, South Vietnam in April 1975 during the last days of the Vietnam War. ...


Simultaneously the plot follows the adventures of the Engineer, a Eurasian Vietnamese pimp who is also Kim's boss. The Engineer dreams of moving to the United States and living the American dream, but after the war ends, his ambitions are crushed under Vietnam's new Communist government. The Engineer, Kim, and her child Tam (fathered by Chris) eventually escape as "boat people" to Thailand, where they are forced into their former pimp/prostitute roles to survive. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see American Dream (disambiguation). ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ...


Chris, now married to an American woman named Ellen, learns of Kim's survival and Tam's existence through his former army friend John, who is involved in organising relief work for the mixed blood children left behind in Vietnam by their American fathers. Reunited briefly in Bangkok, Kim finds that her lover now has another wife and she kills herself to ensure a better life for her two-year old son with his father in America.


While the scenario is a grim one, the music and surging choruses give Miss Saigon a vitality and emotional depth that accounts for the show's enduring popularity. Highlights include the evacuation of the last Americans in Saigon from the Embassy roof by helicopter while a crowd of abandoned Vietnamese scream their despair, the victory parade of the new communist regime and the frenzied night club scene on the edge of defeat.


In-depth synopsis

Miss Saigon

Image File history File links Miss-saigon. ... Image File history File links Miss-saigon. ...

Act 1

The story begins in April 1975 in 'Dreamland,' a sleazy Vietnamese club, a few days before the Fall of Saigon, which occurred over the 48 hours of April 29 and April 30. Kim is a seventeen year old who has just been orphaned. It is her first day as a showgirl, and she is greeted by the Engineer, a French-Vietnamese who owns the club. Backstage, all the girls get ready for the night's show and jeer at Kim's naivete as they help her get dressed. ("Overture"). Combatants Democratic Republic of Vietnam National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Republic of Vietnam Commanders Van Tien Dung Nguyen Van Toan Strength ~130,000 ~50,000 Casualties Trivial Unknown The Fall of Saigon (in Vietnamese: Sự kiện 30 tháng 4, or April 30 Incident) was the... A Las Vegas showgirl, from the Folies Bergere. ...


The show starts at the club, and the American Marines and Vietnamese prostitutes party together ("The Heat Is On In Saigon"). The Marines know that they are losing the war and are out to have one last fling before leaving Vietnam. We are introduced to Chris (Sergeant Christopher Scott), a young, disenchanted Marine who is disgusted with the club scene, and his friend John, also a Marine. The girls flaunt themselves at the Marines, competing for the title of "Miss Saigon." The winner will be raffled off to a Marine, and in the prostitutes' minds, taken away to America and a better life. Each prostitute takes a turn raunchily trying to impress the marines, and when Kim takes her turn, her innocence and inexperience catch Chris's eye. Gigi, the sexiest dancer, wins the crown for the evening and begs the marine who won the raffle to take her back to America. He refuses and gets annoyed at her cajoling. The scene freezes as all of the show girls reflect upon their dreams of men who will be good to them, and a better life in America ("Movie In My Mind"). John, noticing Chris' infatuation with Kim, talks to the Engineer and buys the virgin Kim and Chris a room for the night ("The Transaction"). Kim is reluctant and shy in being a prostitute for the first time, but introduces herself to Chris, and they slowdance to a tune on a solo saxophone. Suddenly, Chris brusquely shoves money at her and tells her she doesn't belong in the nightclub. He tells her to leave, but the Engineer interferes, thinking that Chris doesn't like Kim. Chris affirms that he likes her, so Kim silently leads him to her room ("The Dance").


In the middle of the night, Chris watches Kim sleep. Chris has "never once understood" anything in Vietnam, but is completely enchanted with Kim, and asks God why he had to find someone that he would miss right before leaving ("Why God Why?"). When Kim wakes up, Chris tries to give her money but she refuses, telling him that it is her first time sleeping with a man ("This Money's Yours"). Chris does not believe her, and asks to know more. Kim tells him the story of how her parents died. Touched, Chris tells her that she does not need to sell herself at the club, because he wants her to stay with him. Kim is touched and overwhelmed, and the two pledge their love for each other ("Sun and Moon"). Chris calls John ecstatically on the telephone, announcing that he is taking leave to spend time with Kim. John tells him he is crazy and will get himself killed because the Viet Cong are closing in on Saigon. America is in the process of sending people home and retreating before Saigon is captured. Chris begs John to cover for him for a day, and John reluctantly agrees ("The Telephone Song"). Chris meets up with the Engineer for a pre-arranged trade for Kim, but the Engineer tries to weasel an America visa into the deal, as many Vietnamese are trying to escape before the Viet Cong arrive. Chris refuses, and the Engineer agrees (at gunpoint) to the original arrangement for Kim ("The Deal"). Viet Cong (NLF) flag The Viet Cong, also known as the National Front for the Liberation of Southern Vietnam (Vietnamese Mặt Trận Dân Tộc Giải Phóng Miền Nam), VC, or the National Liberation Front (NLF), was an insurgent (partisan) organization fighting the Republic... Viet Cong (NLF) flag The Viet Cong, also known as the National Front for the Liberation of Southern Vietnam (Vietnamese Mặt Trận Dân Tộc Giải Phóng Miền Nam), VC, or the National Liberation Front (NLF), was an insurgent (partisan) organization fighting the Republic...


The bargirls hold a wedding ceremony for Chris and Kim ("Dju Vui Vai"), with Gigi toasting Kim as the "real" Miss Saigon. During the celebration, Thuy, Kim's cousin and husband by arranged marriage, barges in to rescue her and take her home. He is extremely hurt and angered when he finds her marrying another man ("Thuy's Arrival"). Chris declares "This girl is mine!" and the two men pull out guns and confront each other over Kim. Kim sides with Chris, telling Thuy that their arranged marriage as children is now null because her parents (who promised her to him) are dead. Thuy is furious and curses them all, declaring that all Americans and prostitutes will soon be gone or dead, before storming out. Kim is devastated and believes Chris will leave her. Chris says that he will leave Vietnam, but that he is going to take Kim with him. Chris and Kim cling to each other as they remember the night they met and dance to the same song from the club ("Last Night of The World"). A bargirl is a woman, usually young, who works as a hostess in a bar catering to male clients. ...


The story moves forward three years to 1978. Saigon (now renamed Ho Chi Minh City), where a street festival is taking place to celebrate the third anniversary of the reunification of Vietnam and the defeat of the Americans ("Morning of The Dragon"). Thuy, who is a commissar in the new government, has ordered his soldiers to find the Engineer. We discover that the Engineer is still alive, and is still his corrupt and opportunistic self, despite being "re-educated" by the new Communist regime. Thuy orders the Engineer to find Kim, who disappeared when the Communists shut down the bars, and bring her back to him. Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... “Saigon” redirects here. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ...


Kim has been left behind by Chris, and has been living in hiding in an impoverished area. She is still completely in love with Chris and fiercely believes that he will come back to Vietnam to rescue her. Simultaneously, we see Chris sleeping in bed with his new American wife, Ellen. Ellen loves Chris deeply, but longs to know about the past that haunts him, as he suddenly sits up in bed shouting Kim's name. Ellen comforts him back to sleep, and the two women both swear their devotion to Chris at opposite ends of the earth ("I Still Believe").


The Engineer locates Kim and brings Thuy to her. Thuy explains that he has searched three years for her, and asks her to come with him and become his wife. She refuses, devoted to Chris in spite of his absence. Kim shocks Thuy by introducing him to Tam, her two-year-old son fathered by Chris. Infuriated, Thuy calls Kim a traitor and Tam an enemy, and tries to kill Tam with a knife. Kim pulls out Chris's gun and is forced to shoot Thuy to protect Tam. Thuy dies, with Kim cradling his body. Kim flees with Tam as the street parade continues outside ("This Is The Hour").


Kim runs to the Engineer and tells him what she has done ("If You Want to Die In Bed", "Kim & Engineer"). The Engineer wants nothing to do with it and refuses to help her, until she reveals that Chris is Tam's father. Enchanted, the Engineer is immediately allured by the boy, whom he views as his passport to the United States. He tells Kim that from now on, he is the boy's uncle, and that he will lead them to Bangkok. Kim swears to Tam that she would sacrifice herself to see him have a better life, and the three set out on a ship with other suffering refugees ("I'd Give My Life for You"). Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governer Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ...


Act 2

1978, Atlanta, Georgia. John now works for an aid organisation whose mission is to connect Bui-Doi (children conceived during the war and left in Vietnam) with their American fathers. In Vietnam, Bui-Doi are subject to prejudice, easily identifiable by their Amerasian faces. John is speaking at a conference, in which he and other veterans plead with their audience to do their obligation as fathers and give aid ("Bui Doi"). After the presentation, John pulls Chris aside, claiming he has important news. John tells Chris that Kim is still alive, which Chris is relieved to hear after years of having nightmares of her dying. However, John goes on to tell Chris about Tam, which is less joyous news as it complicates Chris's current situation— his wife Ellen doesn't know about Kim. John urges Chris to go to Bangkok with Ellen to meet with Kim, and Chris resolves to finally tell Ellen about Kim before leaving ("The Revelation"). This article is about the state capital of Georgia. ... Bui Doi (Vietnamese: bụi đời) means dust of life and is a colloquial expression used to refer to the street kids and hooligans of Vietnamese cities. ...


1978, Bangkok. The Engineer has been reduced to working as a hustler enticing tourists to enter sleazy clubs, where Kim works as a dancer ("What A Waste"). Chris, Ellen and John have all traveled to Bangkok in search of Kim. John walks into the club, and is reunited with Kim and the Engineer. Kim is stunned to see John and is thrilled to hear that Chris is in Bangkok. John attempts to gently break it to Kim that Chris is remarried, but before he can get the truth out, Kim interrupts, saying that she already knows the story and to take her to America with Chris. John marvels at Kim's absolute faith in Chris and doesn't have the heart to break the devastating news to her. He promises to bring Chris to her ("Please").


While John goes to bring Chris to Kim, the Engineer tells Kim to go find Chris herself because he doesn't trust that Chris will really come ("Chris Is Here"). As Kim prepares to find Chris, she is haunted by the ghost of Thuy. Thuy taunts Kim, claiming that Chris will betray her like he did the night Saigon fell. Kim suffers an intense, horrible flashback to that night ("Kim's Nightmare").


1975, Saigon. Chris and Kim have made plans to escape Vietnam together as the Viet Cong approach and Saigon becomes increasingly chaotic. Chris is called to work at the embassy and Kim wants to go with him, but he leaves his gun with her and tells her to pack first, reassuring her that they have plenty of time before they have to leave. Almost immediately after Chris enters the embassy, the gates are closed. Orders from Washington are for a total and complete evacuation of the remaining Americans. The Ambassador orders that no more Vietnamese are allowed into the Embassy. Aware of the situation, Kim reaches the gates of the Embassy, but she is only one of an entire mob of terrified Vietnamese trying to bribe, cajole, and climb their way in. Meanwhile, Chris unsuccessfully tries to call Kim at her room, and is about to go out into the hysterical crowd to look for her. The Americans refuse to let Chris out and John is eventually forced to punch Chris in the face to stop him from leaving. Chris gets into the last helicopter leaving Saigon as Kim watches from behind the gate. Devastated, Kim pledges her love to Chris against all odds. The helicopter takes off with Chris screaming Kim's name. Viet Cong (NLF) flag The Viet Cong, also known as the National Front for the Liberation of Southern Vietnam (Vietnamese Mặt Trận Dân Tộc Giải Phóng Miền Nam), VC, or the National Liberation Front (NLF), was an insurgent (partisan) organization fighting the Republic...


1978, Bangkok. Kim finds herself back in her room after her flashback, and joyfully dresses in the wedding clothes she was wearing when she and Chris wed ("Sun and Moon: Reprise"). Kim goes to Chris's hotel room, but finds only a woman there when she enters; it is Ellen. Ellen is mortified when she realizes that the woman is Kim, and is forced to tell Kim that she is Chris's wife. Kim is shocked and heartbroken, and refuses to believe Ellen's assertion. Her dreams for Tam's new life in America are shattered when Ellen refuses to take Tam to the U.S., saying that Tam needs his original mother, and more importantly because Ellen wants her own life and children with Chris. Infuriated and in denial, Kim demands that Chris must come tell her these things to her face ("Room 317"). Ellen is very upset after the confrontation; she thought that Kim was just a short meaningless fling for Chris, and comes to realize that he lied to her. She feels bad for Kim, but expresses that she loves Chris and will fight to keep him ("Now That I've Seen Her"). Chris returns to the room with John, having not found Kim, and is horrified when Ellen tells him of the angry encounter with Kim. Ellen accuses Chris of not telling her the truth and doubts his love for her. She issues an ultimatum: Kim or her. Chris reassures Ellen that he loves her and tearfully tells her of his experience in Vietnam. They pledge their love for each other, and because Ellen does not want Kim in the US, they decide to leave Tam and Kim in Bangkok and offer them monetary support from America, patronizingly rationalizing that Kim "is smart, she'll understand" ("The Confrontation"). John, however, warns that Kim will not find it acceptable to have Tam stay in Thailand. The Engineer, who still sees Tam as his ticket to the U.S., dreams extravagantly of the new life he will lead in America. He, Chris, John, and Ellen all go to Kim's room to find her ("The American Dream").


In her room, Kim tells Tam that he should be happy because he now has a father. She tells Tam not to forget her, and that she will be watching over him. Seeing Chris, Ellen, John and the Engineer approaching from a distance, she says goodbye to Tam and kisses him on the forehead. She goes behind a curtain and shoots herself. Chris, Ellen, the Engineer, and John all rush into the room at the sound of the gunshot and find Kim mortally wounded on the floor. Chris runs to Kim and holds her in his arms. Heartbroken, he asks Kim why she has shot herself, and she explains that the gods have guided him to his son. Chris begs her not to die, but she merely asks him to hold her one last time, while the theme from "Sun and Moon" plays in the background. With her last breath, she echoes a phrase uttered earlier when they first fell in love: "How in one night have we come so far?" As the others watch in horror, Kim dies in Chris's arms. As Chris sobs, Ellen kneels down and opens her arms to Tam ("Finale"), so Kim's sacrifice is not in vain.


Characters

  • The Engineer - aka Trahn Van Dinh, the sleazy pimp owner of 'Dreamland', and American wannabe.
  • Kim - A teenage girl, recently orphaned and forced to work at 'Dreamland'
  • Chris - An American G.I about to leave Saigon to return to America.
  • John - Chris' friend, also a G.I.
  • Thuy - Kim's cousin, promised to Kim as her husband by their parents at a young age.
  • Ellen - Chris' American Wife.

Awards

1991 Tony Awards (11 Nominations, 3 Wins)

Miss Saigon led the 1991 Tony Award nominations with 10 nominations. Predicted to be the clear winner for Best Musical, the show was upset by American musical The Will Rogers Follies for nearly every major award, though Lea Salonga, Jonathan Pryce and Hinton Battle all won awards. Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the 1991 Gregorian calendar). ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... // 1940s 1949 Kiss Me, Kate - Music and lyrics by Cole Porter, book by Bella and Samuel Spewack. ... Will Rogers Follies is a musical about the famed humorist, Will Rogers. ... Lea Salonga-Chien (born Maria Ligaya Carmen Imutan Salonga on February 22, 1971 in Angeles City, Philippines) is a Tony, Olivier, Drama Desk, and Theatre World award-winning Filipino singer and actress who is best known for her portrayal of Kim in the musical Miss Saigon. ... Jonathan Pryce (born June 1, 1947) is a Welsh film, television, and stage actor who has starred in such Hollywood films include Brazil, Pirates of the Caribbean, Tomorrow Never Dies and The New World. ... Hinton Battle (b. ...

// 1940s 1949 Kiss Me, Kate - Music and lyrics by Cole Porter, book by Bella and Samuel Spewack. ... The Tony Award for Best Book of a Musical is the Tony awarded to the librettist(s) of the musical. ... The Tony Award for Best Original Score is the Tony Award given to the composers and lyricists of the best original score written for a musical in that year. ... The Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical is awarded to the actor who was voted as the best actor in a musical play, whether a new production or a revival. ... Jonathan Pryce (born June 1, 1947) is a Welsh film, television, and stage actor who has starred in such Hollywood films include Brazil, Pirates of the Caribbean, Tomorrow Never Dies and The New World. ... The Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical is awarded to the actress who was voted as the best actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... Lea Salonga-Chien (born Maria Ligaya Carmen Imutan Salonga on February 22, 1971 in Angeles City, Philippines) is a Tony, Olivier, Drama Desk, and Theatre World award-winning Filipino singer and actress who is best known for her portrayal of Kim in the musical Miss Saigon. ... The Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical is awarded to the actor who is voted the best non-starring actor in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... Hinton Battle (b. ... The Tony Award for Best Performance by a Featured Actor in a Musical is awarded to the actor who is voted the best non-starring actor in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... The Tony Award for Best Scenic Design is the Tony Award given to a designer for outstanding set design of either a play or musical. ... For other people with the same name, see John Napier (disambiguation). ... The Tony Award for Best Lighting Design of a Musical has been given since 1970. ... David Hersey David Hersey (born November 30, 1939) is a lighting designer who has designed the lighting for over 250 plays, musicals, operas, and ballets. ... The tony award for Choreography has been awarded since 1949. ... Bob Avian is a Tony Award-winning American choreographer and a theatre producer and director. ... The Tony Award for Best Direction of a Musical has been given since 1960. ...

Other awards

The Laurence Olivier Awards, previously known as The Society of West End Theatre Awards, were renamed in honour of British actor Laurence Olivier, Baron Olivier in 1984, having first been established in 1976. ... Lea Salonga-Chien (born Maria Ligaya Carmen Imutan Salonga on February 22, 1971 in Angeles City, Philippines) is a Tony, Olivier, Drama Desk, and Theatre World award-winning Filipino singer and actress who is best known for her portrayal of Kim in the musical Miss Saigon. ... Created in 1955, the Drama Desk Award was created to recognize Off-Broadway and Off-Off-Broadway shows in addition to Broadway shows. ... Lea Salonga-Chien (born Maria Ligaya Carmen Imutan Salonga on February 22, 1971 in Angeles City, Philippines) is a Tony, Olivier, Drama Desk, and Theatre World award-winning Filipino singer and actress who is best known for her portrayal of Kim in the musical Miss Saigon. ... David Hersey David Hersey (born November 30, 1939) is a lighting designer who has designed the lighting for over 250 plays, musicals, operas, and ballets. ... The Theatre World Award is an American honor given annually to an actor or an actress in recognition of an outstanding breakout performance in their New York City stage debut. ... Lea Salonga-Chien (born Maria Ligaya Carmen Imutan Salonga on February 22, 1971 in Angeles City, Philippines) is a Tony, Olivier, Drama Desk, and Theatre World award-winning Filipino singer and actress who is best known for her portrayal of Kim in the musical Miss Saigon. ... Laurie Cadevida is a musical theatre performer. ...

External links

Internet Broadway Database The Internet Broadway Database (IBDb) is an online database of Broadway theatre productions and their personnel. ...

References

  1. ^ Miss Saigon at The Internet Broadway Database
  2. ^ Musical Cyberspace: Miss Saigon
  3. ^ Schönberg, Claude-Michel. "This Photograph was for Alain and I the start of everything...", October 1995.
  4. ^ http://www.newsun.com/asians.html
  5. ^ http://www.miss-saigon.com/latestnews/newsarticle.php?newskey=39
  6. ^ a b c Mervyn Rothstein, "Union Bars White in Asian Role; Broadway May Lose 'Miss Saigon'," New York Times, 8 August 1990, A1.
  7. ^ Steinberg, Avi. "Group targets Asian stereotypes in hit musical," Boston Globe, January 2005.
  8. ^ a b Behr, Edward, and Mark Steyn. The Story of Miss Saigon. New York: Arcade Publishing, 1991.
  9. ^ Official Tony Awards Website
  10. ^

  Results from FactBites:
 
Miss Saigon - UK Tour (371 words)
The first national UK tour of Miss Saigon, based on the original London production closed in December 2003, after a hugely successful run in the six largest venues in the British Isles and Ireland, as these were the only venues that could fit the original design.
Fourteen years ago Cameron Mackintosh premiered Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg's epic musical Miss Saigon at London's Theatre Royal Drury Lane and overnight it became a legend, running in London and on Broadway for over 10 years and in major capital cities around the world.
Since its London premiere in 1989, Miss Saigon has become the third most successful musical in the history of British theatre and the longest running show ever to play Drury Lane.
The Seattle Times: Arts & Entertainment: Powerhouses stand out in "Miss Saigon" (599 words)
Megahit "Miss Saigon," one of the most successful musicals of the last 15 years on both sides of the Atlantic, has the same internal chemistry that made "Cabaret" a hit: a dynamite female lead and an ingratiating, insolent anti-hero.
"Miss Saigon" is given the royal treatment by 5th Avenue artistic director David Armstrong and his enterprising technical crew.
Aranas' Engineer, pimp, inventor of the Miss Saigon contest, is a child of Cain.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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