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Encyclopedia > Mishawaka, Indiana
City of Mishawaka, Indiana
Nickname: The Princess City
Location in the state of Indiana
Location in the state of Indiana
Coordinates: 41°40′3″N, 86°10′17″W
County St. Joseph
Government
 - Mayor Jeffrey Rea
Area
 - City 41.6 km²  (16.1 sq mi)
 - Land 40.7 km² (15.7 sq mi)
 - Water 0.9 km² (0.3 sq mi)
Population (2000)
 - City 46,557
 - Density 1,144.2/km² (2,963.5/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Website: www.mishawakacity.com

Mishawaka (IPA: [ˈmɪʃ.ʌ.ˌwɒ.kʌ]) is a city on the St. Joseph river and a twin city of South Bend in St. Joseph County, Indiana, United States. The population was 46,557 at the 2000 census. Its nickname is "the Princess City." This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (512x800, 33 KB) Summary Description: Red Dot map of Indiana, showing the location of Mishawaka Source: Self-made from public data sources Date: 18:30, 21 October 2005 (UTC) Author: Sean Baker ( Marvin01 | talk ) Permission: Free use, with attribution, under the... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ... List of Indiana counties: Adams County Allen County Bartholomew County Benton County Blackford County Boone County Brown County Carroll County Cass County Clark County Clay County Clinton County Crawford County Daviess County Dearborn County Decatur County DeKalb County Delaware County Dubois County Elkhart County Fayette County Floyd County Fountain County... St. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare sizes of different geographic regions, we list here areas between 10 km² (1000 hectares) and 100 km² (10,000 hectares). ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Eastern Daylight Time or EDT is equal to: In North America, Eastern Standard Time + 1, or UTC − 4 hours. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Articles with similar titles include the NATO phonetic alphabet, which has also informally been called the “International Phonetic Alphabet”. For information on how to read IPA transcriptions of English words, see IPA chart for English. ... The term Twin city or twin town may be applied to one of the following notions. ... Location in the state of Indiana Coordinates: County St. ... St. ... Official language(s) English Capital Indianapolis Largest city Indianapolis Area  Ranked 38th  - Total 36,418 sq mi (94,321 km²)  - Width 140 miles (225 km)  - Length 270 miles (435 km)  - % water 1. ...

Contents

History

Historic Mishawaka High School.
Historic Mishawaka High School.

Mishawaka, Indiana, is a growing commercial city in Northern Indiana, located next to South Bend. Mishawaka is named for the legendary 19th century Shawnee Indian princess Mishawaka, daughter of invading Shawnee Chief Elkhart. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2500x1496, 1342 KB) Summary Historic Mishawaka High School in Mishawaka, Indiana. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2500x1496, 1342 KB) Summary Historic Mishawaka High School in Mishawaka, Indiana. ...


In the 1820s, bog iron deposits were discovered in the area. Several small towns arose to exploit these deposits, including one called St. Joseph Iron Works, where a blast furnace was built. In 1833, St. Joseph Iron Works was incorporated with three other small towns as the town of Mishawaka. In 1839, the Kamm & Schellinger Brewery was built, now the 100 Center shopping plaza. Mint was grown all around Mishawaka and by 1900, the city became known as "the peppermint capital of the world." In 1872, fire ravaged most of Mishawaka’s business district. When the city was rebuil, the Dodge Manufacturing Company, Perkins Windmills, and the Mishawaka Woolen and Rubber Company (later Ball Band, then Uniroyal) set up manufacturing plants. Ball Band made rubber garments and was hit by a major strike in 1931, but flourished in the 1940s, finally closing in 1997 in the face of cheaper imports. Manufacturing in Mishawaka peaked in the 1940s and began a slow decline as the economic base shifted to services, such as medicine. The population is ethnically diverse, with large Italian, German and Belgian settlements dating from the late 19th century. Its income is below the national average ($18,434 per capita in 2000, compared with $21,587 nationally). Nationalistic independence helped reshape the world during this decade: Greece gains independence from the Ottoman Empire in the Greek War of Independence (1821-1827). ... Bog iron refers to impure iron deposits that develop in bogs or swamps by the chemical or biochemical oxidation of iron carried in the solutions. ... Year 1900 (MCM) was an exceptional common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar, but a leap year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar. ...


In 1979, University Park Mall opened north of Mishawaka, beginning a move toward retail business. In 1990, AM General began producing the Hummer in its Mishawaka plant. Although much of the rest of the city's heavy industry was gone by the turn of the 21st century, Mishawaka retains a thriving commercial district that is home to one of the largest retail centers in Indiana, the Grape Road/N Main St shopping corridor, which serves all of Michiana. MCMXC redirects here; for the Enigma album, see MCMXC a. ... AM General is a heavy vehicle manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana and best known for the civilian Hummer and military Humm-Vee. ... Hummer is a brand of sport utility vehicles (SUVs) sold by General Motors, also known as GM. They are based on the military High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle, or Humvee. ... Michiana is a region in northern Indiana and southwest Michigan centered around the city of South Bend, Indiana. ...


Neighborhoods and Leisure

Because neighborhoods are such a vital resource to the success of Mishawaka, the city continually upgrades and develops new neighborhood park and recreation facilities. Presently, a total of 27 parks allow Mishawaka residents to golf, play ball, fish and exercise. In 1968, the city opened an outdoor Olympic-size swimming pool and an adjacent ice skating rink. On the south side, Mishawaka's George Wilson Park is home to the city's most popular winter toboggan spot, as well as an 18-hole frisbee golf course and the city's July 4 fireworks show. While the some of the city's Italian immigrants play games like bocce, and some Belgian immigrants continue to raise and race homing pigeons, the city also hosts the nation's oldest and largest wiffleball tournament, the World Whiffleball Championship, held at Rose Park’s 22-field wiffleball complex. The city is also renowned statewide for its high school football excellence, its three schools having won a combined 11 state championships since 1920. Bocce (pronounced bah-chee) is a precision sport closely related to bowls and pétanque with a common ancestry from ancient games played in the Roman Empire. ... Wiffle® Ball and Bat Wiffleball is a variation of the sport of baseball designed for indoor or outdoor play in confined areas. ...


Points of interest

  • Beutter Park - The centerpiece of Mishawaka’s 2000s downtown revitalization, the new park includes a river race with elliptical-shaped overlook weirs and fiber-optic underwater lighting, two connecting bridges across the St. Joseph River race to the park, the Mishawaka Riverwalk, the "Shards" sculpture, and an 800 foot perennial garden.
  • Battell Park's historic WPA-built band shelter and terraced rock garden.
  • Shiojiri Garden, located in Merrifield Park, is a Japanese strolling garden that symbolizes the Sister-City relationship between Mishawaka, Indiana and Shiojiri City, Japan.
  • The Beiger Mansion, built in 1903 and beautifully restored in 1973, was gutted by arson in 1974. The building has since been re-renovated (although not to its former state) and is home to a popular area bed and breakfast.
  • Kamm & Schellinger Brewing Company and the 100 Center Complex
  • AM General's manufacturing plant, where the Hummer line of vehicles are built.
  • Bethel College is affiliated with the Missionary Church, and serves approximately 1,700 students.
  • Bonnie Doons restaurant on Lincoln Way West is the last of the area's original 1950s vintage drive up soda shops.

AM General is a heavy vehicle manufacturer based in South Bend, Indiana and best known for the civilian Hummer and military Humm-Vee. ... Hummer is a brand of sport utility vehicles (SUVs) sold by General Motors, also known as GM. They are based on the military High Mobility Multipurpose Wheeled Vehicle, or Humvee. ... For other institutions of this name, see the Bethel College disambiguation page. ... The Missionary Church, Inc. ...

Geography

Mishawaka is located at 41°40′3″N, 86°10′17″W (41.667498, -86.171253)GR1. The city has a total area of 41.6 km² (16.0 mi²). A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there were 46,557 people, 20,248 households, and 11,642 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,144.2/km² (2,963.3/mi²). There were 21,572 housing units at an average density of 530.2/km² (1,373.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.58% White, 3.56% African American, 0.43% Native American, 1.39% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.06% from other races, and 1.93% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.79% of the population. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...

Mishawaka downtown, south of the St. Joe River.
Mishawaka downtown, south of the St. Joe River.

There were 20,248 households out of which 28.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.2% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.5% were non-families. 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.92. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1754 KB) Summary Mishawaka, Indiana downtown, south of the Saint Joseph River. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (2560x1920, 1754 KB) Summary Mishawaka, Indiana downtown, south of the Saint Joseph River. ... Saint Joe River flowing west from Elkhart (top) through Osceola (middle) and into Mishawaka (bottom). ... This article or section needs copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone and/or spelling. ...


In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 11.8% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.8 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $33,986, and the median income for a family was $41,947. Males had a median income of $33,878 versus $23,672 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,434. About 7.3% of families and 9.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Education

Mishawaka High School and its public schools are operated by the School City of Mishawaka. The Penn-Harris-Madison School Corporation operates schools in parts of the city, including Penn High School. Four Catholic elementary schools (grades K-8) are also located within the city; Mishawaka Marian High School is the city's lone Catholic High School. Bethel College is an accredited evangelical christian liberal arts school with 1,700 students. Located blocks from the city's west side, Indiana University South Bend is the nearest public university to Mishawaka. Penn High School is located in Mishawaka, IN, near South Bend, IN. As the only high school of the Penn-Harris-Madison School Corporation, it is one of the largest high schools in the state of Indiana with an enrollment of 3,030 students 9th through 12th grade in the... Mishawaka Marian High School is a Roman Catholic Secondary School, operated by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fort Wayne-South Bend. ... Bethel College can refer to: Bethel College (Indiana) Bethel College (Kansas) Bethel University (Minnesota) which was called Bethel Colleg until 2004. ...


Notable residents - past and present

John Brademas, Ph. ... Flag of the United States U.S. Paralympics sent 56 athletes (45 men and 11 women) to the 2006 Winter Paralympics in Turin, Italy — the largest delegation of any nation. ... Norman Eddy (Born December 10, 1810 in Scipio, New York - Died January 28, 1872 in Indianapolis, Indiana) was an American politician and military officer. ... Frederick Landis Fitzsimmons (July 28, 1901 - November 18, 1979) was an American right-handed pitcher, coach and manager in Major League Baseball who played from 1925-1943, twelve and a half seasons with the New York Giants and six and a half with the Brooklyn Dodgers. ... Lisa Germano, promotional shoot for Happiness (1994). ... Rose Hartwick Thorpe (born July 18, 1850) was an American poet, born in Mishawaka, Indiana. ... Irene Vernon is an actress who was born in the United States on January 16th 1922. ... Hoosiers is a 1986 movie about a small-town high school basketball team that wins the state championship, set during a time when Indiana had only one state champ in basketball regardless of varied enrollments. ...

Sources

  • City of Mishawaka, Web site
  • Babcock, Glenn D. History of United States Rubber Company: A Case Study in Corporate Management (1966).
  • DeKever, Peter J. With Our Past: Essays on the history of Mishawaka (2003).

External links

  • Maps and aerial photos Coordinates: 41.667498° -86.171253°
  • Gmap with stats and info for Mishawaka schools

  Results from FactBites:
 
Mishawaka, Indiana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1263 words)
Mishawaka (IPA: [ˈmɪʃ.ʌ.ˌwɒ.kʌ]) is a city on the St. Joseph river serving as a suburb of South Bend in St.
Mint was grown all around Mishawaka and by 1900, the city became known as "the peppermint capital of the world." In 1872, fire ravaged most of Mishawaka’s business district.
Mishawaka High School and its public schools are operated by the School City of Mishawaka.
Welcome to the Mishawaka Utilities Website! (477 words)
In Mishawaka vital, core utility services are not controlled by out-of-town corporations which have the good and welfare of absentee stockholders at heart.
Mishawaka Utilities is owned and operated by the City of Mishawaka, Indiana for the sole purpose of providing quality electric, water and wastewater treatment services for our citizens.
Mishawaka's rates for these three utility services are consistently among the lowest in the state of Indiana for cities our size.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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