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Encyclopedia > Miriam Makeba
Miriam Makeba performing at the Cape Town Jazz Festival in 2006.
Miriam Makeba performing at the Cape Town Jazz Festival in 2006.

Miriam Makeba (born March 4, 1932) is a South African singer, also known by the name Mama Afrika. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x734, 151 KB) This photo was taken by Mark Oppenheimer I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x734, 151 KB) This photo was taken by Mark Oppenheimer I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1932 (MCMXXXII) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link will take you to a full 1932 calendar). ...

Contents

Biography

She was born in Johannesburg; her mother was a Swazi sangoma and her father, who died when she was six, was a Xhosa. Her professional career began in the 1950s with the Manhattan Brothers, before she formed her own group, The Skylarks, singing a blend of jazz and traditional melodies of South Africa. In 1959, she performed in the musical King Kong alongside Hugh Masekela, her future husband. Though she was a successful recording artist, she was only receiving a few dollars for each recording session and no provisional royalties, and was keen to go to the US. Her break came when she starred in the anti-apartheid documentary Come Back, Africa (1960). When the Italian government invited her to the premier of the film at the Venice Film Festival, she decided privately not to return home. Her South African passport was revoked shortly afterwards. City motto: Unity in Development Province Gauteng Mayor Amos Masondo Area  - % water 1,644 km² 0. ... A sangoma is a practitioner of herbal medicine, divination and counselling in traditional Nguni (Zulu, Xhosa, Ndebele and Swazi) societies of Southern Africa (effectively an African shaman). ... The Xhosa people are a group of peoples of Bantu origins living in south-east South Africa. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Hugh Masekela (born Johannesburg, April 4, 1939) is a South African flugelhorn and cornet player. ... A segregated beach in South Africa, 1982. ... The Venice Film Festival (it: Mostra Internazionale dArte Cinematografica) is the oldest Film Festival in the World (began in the 1932) and takes place every year in late August/early September on the Lido di Venezia in the historic Palazzo del Cinema on the Lungomare Marconi, in Venice, Italy. ...


Makeba then travelled to London where she met Harry Belafonte who assisted her in gaining entry and fame in the United States. She released many of her most famous hits there including ""Pata Pata", "The Click Song" ("Qongqothwane" in Xhosa), and "Malaika". In 1966, Makeba received the Grammy Award for Best Folk Recording together with Harry Belafonte for An Evening With Belafonte/Makeba. The latter album dealt with the political plight of black South Africans under apartheid. In 1963, after an impassioned testimony before the United Nations Committee Against Apartheid, her records were banned in South Africa and her South African citizenship and her right to return to the country were revoked. Harold George Belafonte, Jr. ... Xhosa (IPA: ) is one of the official languages of South Africa. ... Grammy Award The Grammy Awards (originally called the Gramophone Awards), presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music... The Grammy Award for Best Ethnic or Traditional Folk Recording was awarded from 1960 to 1986. ... Harold George Belafonte, Jr. ...


Her marriage to Trinidadian civil rights activist Stokely Carmichael in 1968 caused controversy in the United States, and her record deals and tours were cancelled. As a result of this, the couple moved to Ghana, where they became close with President Ahmed Sékou Touré and his wife. Makeba separated from Carmichael in 1973, and continued to perform primarily in Africa, South America and Europe. She also served as a Ghanaian delegate to the United Nations, for which she won the Dag Hammarskjöld Peace Prize in 1986. Carmichael amidst a demonstration near the United States Capitol protesting the House of Representatives action denying Rep. ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... The United Nations (UN) is an international organization whose stated aims are to facilitate co-operation in international law, international security, economic development, and social equity. ... Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld ( ) (July 29, 1905 – September 18, 1961) was a Swedish diplomat and the second Secretary-General of the United Nations. ...


After the death of her only daughter Bongi Makeba in 1985, she moved to Brussels. in 1987, she appeared in Paul Simon's Graceland tour. Shortly thereafter she published her autobiography Makeba: My Story ISBN 0-453-00561-6). Bongi Makeba (Dec. ... Nickname: The Capital Of Europe, Comic City City of a 100 Museums Map showing the location of Brussels in Belgium Coordinates: Country Belgium Region Brussels-Capital Region Founded 797 Founded (Region) June 18, 1989 Mayor (Municipality) Freddy Thielemans Area    - City 162 (Region) km²  (62. ... Paul Frederic Simon (born October 13, 1941) is an American singer-songwriter and guitarist, half of the folk-singing duo Simon and Garfunkel who continues a successful solo career. ... Graceland is an album released in 1986 by Paul Simon. ...


Nelson Mandela persuaded her to return to South Africa in 1990. In 1992 she then starred in the film Sarafina!, about the 1976 Soweto youth uprisings, as the title character's mother, Angelina. In 2002, she shared the Polar Music Prize with Sofia Gubaidulina. In 2004, Makeba was voted 38th in the Top 100 Great South Africans. Makeba started a 14 month worldwide farewell tour in 2005, holding concerts in all of those countries that she had visited during her working life. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (IPA ) (born July 18, 1918) was the first President of South Africa to be elected in fully-representative democratic elections. ... This article is about the year. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... Sarafina! is a South African musical by Mbongeni Ngema depicting apartheid; it was later adapted into a movie starring Leleti Khumalo and Whoopi Goldberg. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... Fatally-wounded Hector Pieterson (13), one of the first fatalities, is carried by Mbuyisa Makhubo on June 16, 1976, with Antoinette Pieterson (17) running alongside. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... The Polar Music Prize is an international music prize and awarded to individuals, groups or institutions in recognition of exceptional achievements in the creation and advancement of music. The prize was founded in 1989 following a donation from Stig Anderson and is awarded annually by the Royal Swedish Academy of... Sofia Gubaidulina in Sortavala 1981 Sofia Asgatovna Gubaidulina, (Russian София Асгатовна Губайдулина) (born October 24, 1931) is a Russian-Tatar composer of deeply religious music. ... Great South Africans was a South African television series that aired on SABC3 and hosted by Noeleen Maholwana Sangqu and Denis Beckett. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Discography

Albums

  • Miriam Makeba, 1960
  • The World Of Miriam Makeba, 1962
  • Makeba, 1963
  • An Evening With Belafonte/Makeba (with Harry Belafonte), 1965
  • The Click Song, 1965
  • The Promise, 1974
  • Country Girl, 1975
  • Pata Pata, 1977
  • Sangoma, 1988
  • Welela, 1989
  • Sing Me A Song, 1993
  • Live From Paris & Conakry, 1998
  • Homeland, 2000
  • Keep Me In Mind, 2002
  • Reflections, 2004

Compilations

  • Africa 1960-65 recordings, 1991
  • The Best Of Miriam Makeba & The Skylarks 1956-59 recordings, 1998
  • Mama Africa: The Very Best Of Miriam Makeba, 2000
  • The Guinea Years, 2001
  • The Definitive Collection, 2002
  • The Best Of The Early Years, 2003

See also

There is no single Culture of South Africa. ... The 8th Grammy Awards were held in 1966. ...

References

  • BBC - Music / Artist Biography - Miriam Makeba. Retrieved on 2006-09-15.
  • Nkrumah, Gamal (2001-11-17). Sing it loud, sing it strong. Al-Ahram Weekly. Retrieved on 2006-09-15.
  • copy sent to mailing list of article Legendary singer, diplomat turns 70 by James Hall, published in the Michigan Citizen, accessed 15 September 2006

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... The Michigan Citizen (sometimes called just Michigan Citizen) is a weekly newspaper distributed in Detroit, Michigan. ... September 15 is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Official Site
  • Unofficial Miriam Makeba website
  • Makeba article from Global Village Idiot
  • Miriam Makeba, A true South African musical Legend
  • Books of The Times; South African Singer's Life: Trials and Triumphs - New York Times
  • Miriam Makeba at the Internet Movie Database

  Results from FactBites:
 
SOUTH AFRICAN MUSIC (626 words)
In 1960 Miriam was banned from returning to the country of her birth, and was forced to spend the next 30 years as a "citizen of the world".
Through the years both Miriam's personal and professional life have been equally tumultuous with her highly public commitment to and continuous fight for racial equality; Miriam is Mama Africa, a peace and freedom warrior that restlessly gave and still gives voice to millions of people against the evils of all racism.
Miriam¹s powerful and distinctive voice retains the clarity and range that enable it to be both forceful as a protest march and as poignant as an African lullaby.
Miriam Makeba (1104 words)
Makeba's first encounter with the severity of government rule in her native land came when she was just two and a half weeks old: Following her mother's arrest for the illegal sale of home-brewed beer, the infant served a six-month jail term with her.
Makeba's formative years were equally difficult; as a teenager she performed backbreaking domestic work for white families and endured physical abuse from her first husband.
Makeba's call for an end to apartheid became increasingly powerful, and her recordings were subsequently banned in South Africa.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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