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Encyclopedia > Miriam Defensor Santiago
Miriam Defensor-Santiago
Miriam Defensor-Santiago

Dr. Miriam Defensor Santiago (born June 15, 1945) is a politician and senator of the Philippines. She ran for president twice, in 1992 and 1998, losing to Fidel V. Ramos and Joseph Estrada, respectively. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x733, 30 KB)Source: Senate of the Philippines http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x733, 30 KB)Source: Senate of the Philippines http://www. ... June 15 is the 166th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (167th in leap years), with 199 days remaining. ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... A politician is an individual involved in politics to the extent of holding or running for public office. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Seal of the President of the Philippines The President of the Philippines is the head of state and of the government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean. ... Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. ... José Marcelo Ejército a. ...

Contents


Early life and studies

Miriam was born in Iloilo City, Iloilo to District Judge Benjamin A. Defensor and Dean Dimpna Palma Defensor. She finished her elementary studies as valedictorian at La Paz Elementary School in 1957. In 1961, she graduated as valedictorian at the Iloilo National High School. Iloilo City, also referred to simply as Iloilo, is the capital city of the Philippine province of Iloilo. ... Iloilo is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. ... In the United States and Canada, the title of valedictorian (an anglicized derivation from the Latin vale dicere to say farewell) is given to the top graduate of the graduating class (compare dux) of an educational institution. ... 1957 (MCMLVII) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ...


Miriam enrolled at the University of the Philippines. She made history in the university when she became the first female editor-in-chief of its student newspaper, The Philippine Collegian, shattering a 50-year-old record of male dominance. She was also the first female to win the Best Debater Award in law school. She held a campus beauty title twice, as U.P. ROTC corps sponsor. She was twice recipient of the Vinzons Achievement Award for excellence in leadership, and the Rotary Award for most outstanding graduate. She won first place in oratorical and literary contests. She finished her degree of Bachelor of Arts in just 3 l/2 years instead of 4, with an average grade in the last semester of l.l. She graduated magna cum laude in 1965. In 1969, she finished her Bachelor of Laws degree at the University of the Philippines. Although she was expected to the valedictorian of her law class and a bar topnotcher, she graduated cum laude. Ronaldo Zamora was the valedicatorian and placed first in the national bar examinations of 1969. Franklin Drilon was the 3rd highest in the examination. Miriam was not in the top list. The seal of the University of the Philippines The University of the Philippines (Unibersidad ng Pilipinas in Filipino) or U.P. is the premier state university of the Philippines. ... The Philippine Collegian is the official student publication of the University of the Philippines. ... A Bachelor of Arts (B.A. or A.B., from the Latin Artium Baccalaureus) is an undergraduate academic degree awarded for a course or program in the arts and/or sciences. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ... The degree of Bachelor of Laws is the principal academic degree in law in most common law countries other than the United States, where it has been replaced by the Juris Doctor degree. ...


Rather than to be haunted with her past academic experience, Miriam pursued further studies. She earned the degree Master of Laws (DeWitt Fellow), with "A" average at the University of Michigan in 1975. She finished her law doctorate after only six months, also with an average grade of "A." She was bestowed with a degree of Doctor of the Science of Law (Barbour Scholar and DeWitt Fellow) at the University of Michigan in 1976. The Master of Laws is an advanced law degree that allows someone to specialize in a particular area of law. ... This article is about the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor. ... 1975 (MCMLXXV) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1975 calendar). ... Legum Doctor (English: Doctor of Laws; abbreviated to LL.D.) In the UK, Australia and New Zealand, the LL.D. is a higher doctorate usually awarded on the basis of exceptionally insightful and distinctive publications, containing significant and original contributions to the science or study of law. ... 1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ...


Professional career

Private

Miriam was a political science professor of Trinity College of Quezon City from 1971 to 1974 and concurrently Special Assistant to the Secretary of Justice from 1970 to 1980. She was also a member of the Board of Censors for Motion Pictures from 1977 to 1979. She served as a legal officer of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees in Geneva, Switzerland from 1979 to 1980. 1971 (MCMLXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1971 calendar). ... 1974 (MCMLXXIV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1974 calendar). ... 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1970 calendar). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... For the album by Ash, see 1977 (album). ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... Headquartereded in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement. ... Geneva (pronunciation //; French: Genève //, German: Genf //, Italian: Ginevra) is the second most populous city in Switzerland, situated where Lake Geneva (French Lac Léman) flows into the Rhône River. ... This page refers to the year 1979. ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...


Public

Miriam held various government positions. These include:

  • Professorial Lecturer, College of Law, University of the Philippines, 1976-1988
  • Legal Consultant, University of the Philippines Law Center, 1981-1983
  • Legal Consultant, Philippine Embassy, Washington, D.C., 1982.
  • Presiding Judge, Regional Trial Court, Branch 106, Quezon City from 1983 to 1987.
in the first year of the national judicial reorganization in 1983, she got the Highest case disposal among 12 new RTC judges in Metropolitan Manila
  • Member, Board of Directors
    • Public Estates Authority, 1988-1991
    • Philippine Retirement Authority, 1988-1989.
    • Manila International Airport Authority
  • Commissioner of Immigration and Deportation from 1988 to 1989
  • Secretary of Agrarian Reform, 1989-1991.

1976 (MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (the link is to a full 1976 calendar). ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

Political life

When President Corazon Aquino was looking for a candidate for the 1992 elections, Santiago decided to run for president. She founded the People's Reform Party and invited Ramon Magsaysay, Jr. as his running mates. The party however did not have any other candidates in the national level and endorsed only local candidate Alfredo Lim and Jose Atienza for the position of mayor and vice mayor of Manila. Mrs. Aquino endorsed Fidel Ramos, however she was consistently gaining public support for her candidacy for president. In the election tabulation, she was ahead other candidates until the entry of votes from the provinces of Pangasinan and Cebu. These provinces were two of the highest in voter population and hometowns of Fidel Ramos and Emilio Osmeña, candidates from the Lakas NUCD party. Ramos won the elections with a small margin of votes to Santiago. She filed a protest before the Supreme Court acting as the Presidential Electoral Tribunal. Seal of the President of the Philippines The President of the Philippines is the head of state and of the government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... María Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino (born January 25, 1933), widely known as Cory Aquino, was President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. ... Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1992. ... Seal of the President of the Philippines The President of the Philippines is the head of state and of the government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The Peoples Reform Party is a political party in the Philippines. ... Ramon Magsaysay Jr. ... Alfredo Lim (born December 21, 1929) is a senator of the Philippines. ... Manila (Filipino: Maynila) is the capital of the Philippines. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Fidel V. Ramos Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928), military hero of the 1986 People Power Revolution that toppled the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos, became the 12th President of the Republic of the Philippines on June 30, 1992. ... Pangasinan is a province of the Philippines located in the Ilocos Region in Luzon. ... Cebu is an island province of the Philippines located in the Central Visayas region. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Fidel V. Ramos Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928), military hero of the 1986 People Power Revolution that toppled the dictatorship of Ferdinand Marcos, became the 12th President of the Republic of the Philippines on June 30, 1992. ... Lito Osmeña Emilio Mario R. Osmeña also known as Lito Osmeña, is the founder and chairman of PROMDI Party (Probinsya Muna Development Initiative or Provinces First Development Initiative) where he ran for the position of President in the 1998 elections but lost to Joseph Estrada. ... ... The Supreme Court of the Philippines is the countrys highest judicial court, as well as the court of last resort. ...


Santiago returned into public attention when she ran for senator in the 1995 elections as a candidate of her own party. She won the elections, however her protest over the 1992 elections were dismissed due to abandonment when she decided to run for another government position. At the Senate, she was active critic of the President and oppose Ramos' sponsored legislations. The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 8, 1995. ...


Santiago ran for president in the 1998 elections, and invited fellow Senator Francisco Tatad as her running mate. She however lost to Joseph Estrada. In January 13, 2001, she was one of the senators who voted against the opening of the second bank envolope that led to the second EDSA People Power Revolution which removed Joseph Estrada as president. That case and her statements also led to her defeat in the 2001 elections. Seal of the President of the Philippines The President of the Philippines is the head of state and of the government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1998. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Tatad. ... José Marcelo Ejército a. ... January 13 is the 13th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2001: A Space Odyssey. ... The EDSA II revolution is depicted on the 200-peso bill. ... José Marcelo Ejército a. ... Seal of the President of the Philippines The President of the Philippines is the head of state and of the government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 14, 2001. ...


In the 2004 elections, Santiago made a political comeback when she ran for senator under Gloria Macapagal Arroyo's K4 Coalition and won. She currently held the position of chairperson and lone government official of the People's Reform Party. Her office in West Triangle, Quezon City offers a library of her written books. Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 10, 2004. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials GMA, is the current and 14th President of the Republic of the Philippines. ... The Peoples Reform Party is a political party in the Philippines. ...


Admiration and criticism

Miriam might be the most awarded public official to date. Her citations range from academic, professional to public service. These include the Ten Outstanding Young Men Award for Law and the 1988 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Government Service. She was regarded by many common Filipinos as the most intelligent Filipina. The Ramon Magsaysay Award was established in April 1957 by the trustees of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund (RBF) based in New York City. ...


But her perception as most intelligent also make some criticisms, majority of Filipinos do not understand many words she used when delivering speeches calling her "baliw" & "may toyo sa utak". Her unused words were dubbed as the Miriam's dictionary (a slang different from Merriam Webster's Dictionary). One of her weaknesses was uncareful issuance of a statement. She said in an interview that if Joseph Estrada gets arrested she will jump from the plane and fall straight down with her head falling first in Luneta Park. After Estrada was arrested, she then made a villain's laugh and said in an interview “I lied”. That statement led to her defeat in the 2001 elections. Merriam-Webster, originally known as the G. & C. Merriam Company of Springfield, Massachusetts, is a United States company that publishes reference books, especially dictionaries that are descendants of Noah Websters An American Dictionary of the English Language (1828). ... A dictionary is a list of words with their definitions, a list of characters with their glyphs, or a list of words with corresponding words in other languages. ... José Marcelo Ejército a. ... Luneta Park is situated in the heart of the city of Manila, Philippines. ... Legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 14, 2001. ...


Personal life

Miriam, a name most Filipinos could remember her, was used to be called as Inday by her parents. In the 1998 elections, she can't use the nickname Inday Santiago in Iloilo tabulations due to conflicts with Raul Roco's running mate Irene Santiago.


Miriam is married to Narciso Yap Santiago Jr., her former classmate in the University of the Philippines. Narcing as what many call him is an entrepreneur, former Interior and Local Governments undersecretary, and current Presidential adviser. They have two adopted children: twins Megan and Molly born in 1996. Miriam's brother is Benjamin Santiago Jr., a retired general who served as Philippine Air Force commander and Armed Forces Chief of Staff. Benjamin Jr. is currently an ambassador-at-large for counter-terrorism. Her two cousins were congressmen. Matias Defensor represents the 3rd district of Quezon City, where Miriam resides and Arthur Defensor representing the 3rd district of Iloilo, Miriam's hometown. Miriam's nephew is Michael Defensor, a political adviser of President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and Environment Secretary. The seal of the University of the Philippines The University of the Philippines (Unibersidad ng Pilipinas in Filipino) or U.P. is the premier state university of the Philippines. ... It has been suggested that Entrepreneurial mindset be merged into this article or section. ... 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ... The Philippine Air Force (PhAF, often mistaken for the PAF [Persian Air Force]) is the air force of the Philippines. ... Ambassador-at-Large is the title for an Ambassador (diplomat of the highest carreer rank, not counting the rather political superiors in government) who is NOT posted (in residence) in a given embassy (accredited to one or exceptionally several, usually neighbouring, governments and/or seat of international organizations), but given... Counter-terrorism refers to the practices, tactics, and strategies that governments, militaries, and other groups adopt in order to fight terrorism. ... The House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan in Filipino) is the lower chamber of the Congress of the Philippines. ... Quezon City P is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. ... Iloilo is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. ... Seal of the President of the Philippines The President of the Philippines is the head of state and of the government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Gloria Macaraeg Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947) is the 14th and current president of the Philippines. ... In the British Government, the Cabinet Secretary, or more formally Secretary of the Cabinet, is the senior civil servant in charge of the Cabinet Office, a department that provides administrative support to the Prime Minister, the Cabinet, and the government as a whole. ...


Miriam had two biological children: Narciso III and Alexander Robert. Alexander Robert or AR committed suicide November 20, 2003 after failing his entrance interview for the UP Law School and failing one subject at his Arts degree in the Ateneo de Manila University. It was the first time that the public saw Miriam crying. AR used his father's gun and shot himself at his head while wearing a Barong Tagalog. Nobody heard the gunshot as the Santiago residence in La Vista, Quezon City was undergoing a major renovation. His body was discovered a day after when a maid forced the door open after not receiving a response for his room for several hours. AR's friends recount that he was humiliated when interviewers ask about his mother's psychological capacity and his father's passion to cock fighting. November 20 is the 324th day of the year (325th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Ateneo de Manila University (AdMU) is a private university run by the Society of Jesus in the Philippines. ... A painting of Philippine president Joseph Estrada sporting a barong from a Barong designer popular among celebrities A Barong Tagalog (or simply Barong) is an embroidered formal garment of the Philippines. ... Quezon City P is the former capital and the most populous city in the Philippines. ... The Cock Fight by Jean-Léon Gérôme (1847) A cockfight is a contest, held in a cockpit between two fighting cocks (roosters) trained to severely injure and/or kill one another. ...


External links

  • Senate of the Philippines
  • Miriam Defensor Santiago's Official Website
  • Miriam Defensor Santiago's Assets and Liabilities
  • Detailed Biography of Miriam Defensor Santiago from the RM Foundation
  • Miriam Santiago Blog

References

  • Santiago, Miriam D. (1994). The Miriam Defensor Santiago Dictionary, Narsan Publishing.
______________. (1993). The Politics of Reform in the Philippines, Narsan Publishing.
______________. (1991). Inventing Myself, Narsan Publishing.
  • Zaide, Sonia M. (1999). The Philippines: A Unique Nation, All Nations Publishing. ISBN 971-642-071-4.


Senators of the 13th Philippine Congress

Angara | Arroyo | Biazon | Cayetano | Drilon | L. Estrada | J. Estrada | Enrile | Flavier | Gordon | Lacson | Lapid
Lim | Madrigal | Magsaysay | Osmeña | Pangilinan | Pimentel | Recto | Revilla | Roxas | Santiago | Villar The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Edgardo Angara (born September 24, 1934) is a politician in the Philippines. ... Franklin Drilon Franklin M. Drilon is the current Senate President and third highest ranking official of the Philippines. ... Jose Jinggoy Ejercito Estrada (born February 17, 1963) is a senator in the Philippines. ... Juan Ponce Enrile is the architect of martial law in the philippines ... Richard Dick Juico Gordon (born August 5, 1945) is a Filipino politician. ... Panfilo Lacson Panfilo Morena Lacson (born June 1, 1948) is a retired Director-General of the Philippine National Police, and is currently a member of the Philippine Senate. ... Alfredo Lim (born December 21, 1929) is a senator of the Philippines. ... Ramon Magsaysay Jr. ... Sergio Osmeña III Sergio R. Osmeña III also known as Serge Osmeña, is a Senator of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Media:Example. ... Manuel Mar Araneta Roxas (born May 13, 1957) is a senator of the Philippines. ...


 
 

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