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Encyclopedia > Miracle at the Vistula
Battle of Warsaw, August 1920. Painting by Wojciech Kossak.
Battle of Warsaw
Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War
Date 13 to August 25, 1920
Place near Warsaw, Poland
Result Decisive Polish victory
Combatants
Poland Bolshevist Russia
Commanders
Józef Piłsudski,
Tadeusz Rozwadowski, Władysław Sikorski
Mikhail Tukhachevski, Joseph Stalin,
Semyon Budyonny
Strength
113,000 troops 114,000 troops
Casualties
4,500 KIA,
22,000 WIA,
10,000 MIA
15,000-25,000 KIA, WIA, MIA
65,000-66,000 POW,
30,000-35,000 interned in East Prussia1
Polish-Bolshevik War
Vistula – Bereza Kartuska – Wilno – 1st Minsk – Daugavpils – KievWołodarka – Lwów – Berezina – WarsawRaszyn – Nasielsk – Serock – RadzyminZadwórzeKomarówNiemen – Zboiska – 2nd Minsk

The Battle of Warsaw (sometimes referred to as the Miracle at the Vistula, Polish Cud nad Wisłą) was the decisive battle of the Polish-Bolshevik War (also known as the Polish-Soviet War), the war that began soon after the end of World War I in 1918 and lasted until the Treaty of Riga in 1921. Battle of Warsaw. ... Wojciech Kossak, self-portrait. ... Polish-Bolshevik War Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date 1919–1921 Place Central and Eastern Europe Result Polish victory The Polish-Soviet War (also known as the Polish-Bolshevik War or the Polish-Russian War) was the war (February 1919 – March 1921) that determined the borders between the Russian Soviet Federated... (Redirected from 13 August) August 13 is the 225th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (226th in leap years), with 140 days remaining. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Bolshevist Russia is a common term that refers to the Red side in the Russian government between the Bolsheviks October Revolution (November 7, 1917) and the constitution of the Soviet Union (December 30, 1922). ... Term of Office from November 14, 1918 until December 9, 1922 Profession Statesman and military commander Political Party none, see Sanacja for details First Lady Maria Piłsudska Date of Birth December 5, 1867 Place of Birth Zułów, in todays Lithuania Date of Death May 12, 1935 Place of Death... . Władysław Sikorski during World War II. Władysław Eugeniusz Sikorski (May 20, 1881 – July 4, 1943) was a Polish military and political leader. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Mikhail Tukhachevsky Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky (also spelled Tukhachevski, Tukhachevskii, Russian: Михаил Николаевич Тухачевский) (February 16, 1893 - June 11, 1937), Soviet military commander, was one of the most prominent victims of Stalins Great Purge of the late 1930s. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ... Semyon Budyonny Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny (also spelled Budennii, Budenny, Budyenny etc, Russian: Семён Михайлович Будённый) (April 25, 1883 - October 26, 1973), Soviet military commander, was a favourite of Soviet ruler Joseph Stalin, a fact which led to one of modern historys greatest military catastrophes. ... KIA is a three-letter acronym (TLA) for killed in action. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Mia is a very old dice game and has probably survived due to its high entertainment value. ... The word internment is generally used to refer to the imprisonment or confinement of people without due process of law and a trial. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... Target Vistula Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date November 18, 1918 to March, 1919 Place Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, Ukraine Result Unconcluded The Russian Westward offensive of 1918 — 1919 it was part of general move of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic into the areas occupied by Germany after its retreat... Battle of Bereza Kartuska (1919) Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date August, 1920 Place near Bereza Kartuska, near Brzesc, Belarus Result Polish victory Battle of Bereza Kartuska was one of the first conflicts between the organised forces of the Second Polish Republic and Soviet Russia and can be considered as one... Kiev Offensive (1920) Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date April-June, 1920 Place Ukraine Result unconcluded The Kiev Offensive (or Kiev Operation) was an important military operation, carried out by Polish Army and allied Ukrainian forces during the Polish-Bolshevik War, from April 1920 to June same year. ... Kiev Offensive (1920) Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date May 29, 1920 Place Volodarka near Kyiv, Ukraine Result Polish victory Battle of Wołodarka was a clash between the Polish Army and the 1st Cavalry Army of Semyon Bydionnyi. ... Battle of Lwów Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date July-September, 1920 Place near Lwów, Poland Result Polish victory During the Polish-Soviet War of 1920 the city of Lwów was attacked by the forces of Aleksandr Yegorov. ... Battle of Raszyn (1920) Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date August, 1920 Place near Raszyn, Poland Result ? Battle of Raszyn) was a battle of the Polish_Soviet War that took place in (August 1920) between the Polish Army and the Red Army near the village of Raszyn. ... Battle of Radzymin Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date August 12-August 15, 1920 Place near Radzymin, Poland Result Polish victory Battle of Radzymin was part of the Battle of Warsaw during the Polish-Bolshevik War. ... Battle of Zadwórze Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date August 17, 1920 Place Zadwórze, near Lwów Result Russian victory Battle of Zadwórze (sometimes referred to as the Polish Thermopylae) was a battle of the 1920 Polish-Bolshevik War. ... Battle of Komarów Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date August 31, 1920 Place Komarów and Wolica Śniatycka, near Zamość Result Decisive Polish victory Battle of Komarów was one of the most important battles of the Polish-Bolshevik War. ... Battle of the Niemen Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date September 15-September 25, 1920 Place near Grodno, along the Niemen River Result Polish victory Battle of the Niemen River was the second largest battle of the Polish-Bolshevik War. ... See also the town of Battle, East Sussex, England Generally, a battle is an instance of combat between two or more parties wherein each group will seek to defeat the others. ... Polish-Bolshevik War Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date 1919–1921 Place Central and Eastern Europe Result Polish victory The Polish-Soviet War (also known as the Polish-Bolshevik War or the Polish-Russian War) was the war (February 1919 – March 1921) that determined the borders between the Russian Soviet Federated... Wars are often illustrated by arrows representing the movement of armies. ... Missing image Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... 1918 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... The Peace of Riga (also known as the Treaty of Riga, Polish: Traktat Ryski) signed on 18th March 1921 between Poland and Soviet Russia ended the Polish-Bolshevik War. ... 1921 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


The Battle of Warsaw was fought between 13 and 25 August, 1920, as Red Army forces commanded by Mikhail Tukhachevski approached the Polish capital of Warsaw and the nearby Modlin Fortress. On August 16 Polish forces commanded by Józef Piłsudski counter-attacked from the south, forcing the Russian forces into a disorganised withdrawal east, behind the Niemen River. Estimated Bolshevik losses were 10,000 killed, 500 missing and 10,000 wounded and 66,000 taken prisoner, compared to Polish losses of approximately 4,500 killed, 10,000 missing and 22,000 wounded. August 13 is the 225th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (226th in leap years), with 140 days remaining. ... August 25 is the 237th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (238th in leap years), with 128 days remaining. ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Mikhail Tukhachevsky Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky (also spelled Tukhachevski, Tukhachevskii, Russian: Михаил Николаевич Тухачевский) (February 16, 1893 - June 11, 1937), Soviet military commander, was one of the most prominent victims of Stalins Great Purge of the late 1930s. ... In politics a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Modlin Fortress (Polish Twierdza Modlin) is one of the biggest 19th century fortresses in Poland. ... August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Term of Office from November 14, 1918 until December 9, 1922 Profession Statesman and military commander Political Party none, see Sanacja for details First Lady Maria Piłsudska Date of Birth December 5, 1867 Place of Birth Zułów, in todays Lithuania Date of Death May 12, 1935 Place of Death... A counter attack is a tactic used by defending forces when under attack by an enemy force. ... Definition Withdrawing is the act of removing all or part of a military force from combat and moving to a safe location. ... External links Wikimedia Commons has multimedia related to: Neman Categories: Belarus-related stubs | Rivers of Belarus | Rivers of Lithuania | Russian rivers ... Bolshevik Party Meeting. ... Geneva Convention definition A prisoner of war (POW) is a soldier, sailor, airman, or marine who is imprisoned by an enemy power during or immediately after an armed conflict. ...


Before the Miracle at the Vistula, both the Bolsheviks and the majority of foreign experts considered Poland to be on the verge of defeat. The stunning and unexpected Polish victory in the Battle of Warsaw crippled the Bolshevik forces. Over the coming months, several more Polish victories would secure Polish independence and eastern borders.

Contents

The battle

Prelude to the battle

Poles were fighting to preserve their newly regained independence, lost in 1795 after the partitions of Poland, and to carve out the borders of the new country (Miedzymorze federation) from the territory of their former partitioners, Russia, Germany and Austro-Hungary. 1795 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Partitions of Poland ( Polish Rozbiór or Rozbiory Polski) happened in the 18th century and ended the existence of a sovereign state of Poland (or more correctly the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth). ... Międzymorze (Myen-dzih-MOH-zheh): name for Józef Piłsudskis proposed federation of Poland, Lithuania, Belarus and Ukraine. ... Austria-Hungary, also known as the Dual monarchy (or: the k. ...


The Bolsheviks had gained an upper hand in the Russian Civil War in 1919, dealing crippling blows to their opponents, the White Russians. Vladimir Lenin viewed Poland as the bridge that had to be crossed so that communist ideals could be brought to the Central and Western Europe, and the Polish-Bolshevik War seemed like a perfect way to test the Bolsheviks strength. Revolutionary speeches stated that the revolution was to be carried out on the bayonets of the Soviet "soldats" to Western Europe and that the shortest route to Berlin and Paris led through Warsaw. After early setbacks against Poland in 1919, the Bolshevik offensive that began in early 1920 had been overwhelmingly successful and by mid-1920, the entire world expected Poland to collapse at any moment. The Soviet strategy called for a massed push toward the Polish capital, Warsaw. The capture of Warsaw would have had a tremendous propaganda effect for the Soviets, who expected this not only to undermine the morale of the Poles but to start a series of international communist uprisings, and clear the path for the Red Army to join the German Revolution. The Russian Civil War was fought between 1918 and 1920. ... 1919 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The White movement, whose military arm is known as the White Army (Белая Армия) or White Guard (Белая Гвардия, белогвардейцы) and whose members are known as Whites (Белые, Беляки) or White Russians (a term which has other meanings) comprised some of the Russian forces, both political and military, which opposed... Historical lands and provinces in Central Europe Central Europe is the region of Europe between Eastern Europe and Western Europe. ... Western Europe is distinguished from Eastern Europe by differences of history and culture rather than by geography. ... Polish-Bolshevik War Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date 1919–1921 Place Central and Eastern Europe Result Polish victory The Polish-Soviet War (also known as the Polish-Bolshevik War or the Polish-Russian War) was the war (February 1919 – March 1921) that determined the borders between the Russian Soviet Federated... The US Marine Corps OKC-3S bayonet From right to left: a carbine, a straight infantry officer sabre, a short curved infantry sabre (briquet), two bayonets. ... North Korean propaganda showing a soldier destroying the United States Capitol building. ... Revolutionaries at machine gun posts, Berlin, November 1918 The German Revolution describes a series of events that occurred in 1918- 1919, culminating in the overthrow of the Kaiser and the establishment of a democratic republic. ...

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Polish defences at Miłosna, near Warsaw.

The Soviet 1st Cavalry Army under Semyon Budyonny broke through Polish lines in mid-June 1920. This led to a collapse of all Polish fronts in the east. On July 4, 1920, Mikhail Tukhachevski's Western Front began an all-out assault in Belarus from the Berezina River, forcing Polish forces into retreat. On July 19 the Red Army seized Grodno, on July 28 reached Białystok, and three days later captured the Brześć fortress. The withdrawal of Polish forces from the north-eastern front was rather disorganised. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Semyon Budyonny Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny (also spelled Budennii, Budenny, Budyenny etc, Russian: Семён Михайлович Будённый) (April 25, 1883 - October 26, 1973), Soviet military commander, was a favourite of Soviet ruler Joseph Stalin, a fact which led to one of modern historys greatest military catastrophes. ... A military front is an area in which an army or nation expects to do most of its fighting. ... July 4 is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 180 days remaining. ... 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Mikhail Tukhachevsky Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky (also spelled Tukhachevski, Tukhachevskii, Russian: Михаил Николаевич Тухачевский) (February 16, 1893 - June 11, 1937), Soviet military commander, was one of the most prominent victims of Stalins Great Purge of the late 1930s. ... Front was a major military subdivision of the Soviet Army, not to be mistaken with the more general term of a military front. ... Categories: Rivers of Belarus | Belarus-related stubs ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Hrodna (or Grodno; Belarusian: Го́радня, Гро́дна; Grodno in Polish, Гродно in Russian, Gardinas in Lithuanian) is a city in Belarus on the Nemunas river, close to the borders of Poland and Lithuania (about 15 km and 30 km away respectively). ... July 28 is the 209th day (210th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 156 days remaining. ... Białystok (pronounce: [bȋa:wistɔk]) ( Belarusian: Biełastok ([bȋe:lastók], Lithuanian Balstogė (literally meaning white roof)) is the largest city (pop. ... For a city in France, see Brest, France. ...


The battle plan

Polish plan

By the beginning of August the Polish retreat had become more organized. At first Józef Piłsudski wanted to base his operation on the Bug River and Brest-Litovsk, but the unexpected fall of these two barriers made it impossible. On the night of August 5-August 6 Pilsudski at the Belweder Palace in Warsaw conceived a revised plan of action. This new plan called for the Polish forces to withdraw across the Vistula River and defend the bridgeheads in Warsaw and the Wieprz River. Some 25% of the available divisions would be concentrated to the south for a strategic counter-offensive. Term of Office from November 14, 1918 until December 9, 1922 Profession Statesman and military commander Political Party none, see Sanacja for details First Lady Maria Piłsudska Date of Birth December 5, 1867 Place of Birth Zułów, in todays Lithuania Date of Death May 12, 1935 Place of Death... Bug at Wlodawa One of the two rivers called Bug (pronounced Boog), the Western Bug, or Buh (Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг; Russian: За́падный Буг; Ukrainian: Західний Буг, Zakhidnyi Buh), flows from central Ukraine to the west, forming part of the boundary between that nation and Poland, passes along the Polish-Belarusian... For a city in France, see Brest, France. ... August 5 is the 217th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (218th in leap years), with 148 days remaining. ... August 6 is the 218th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (219th in leap years), with 147 days remaining. ... Belweder ( Polish: Pałac Belwederski, from the Italian bello and vedere--beautiful and to see) is a palace in Warsaw, a few kilometers south of the Royal Castle. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Wieprz is a river in central-eastern Poland, a tributary of the Vistula river, with a length of 303 kilometres (9th longest) and the basin area of 10,415 sq. ... This article is about the arithmetic operation. ...

Polish commander: Józef Piłsudski.

Next, Piłsudski's plan required that the 1st and 2nd Army of Gen. Józef Haller's Central Front (10 1/2 divisions) take a passive role, facing the Soviet frontal attack on Warsaw from the east, keeping their entrenched positions at any cost. At the same time the 5th Army (5 1/2 divisions) under Gen. Władysław Sikorski, subordinate to gen. Haller, would defend the northern area near the Modlin fortress and when possible strike from behind Warsaw, thus cutting off the Soviet forces attempting to envelope Warsaw from that direction, and break through the enemy front and fall on the rear of the Soviet Northwestern Front. An additional 5 divisions in the 5th Army were defending Warsaw from the north. 1st Army if general Franciszek Latinik would defend the city of Warsaw itself and 2 Army of general Bolesław Roja was assigned to defend the Vistula river line from Góra Kalwaria to Dęblin. The most important role, however, was assigned to a relatively small (~20 000), newly assembled Reserve Army (known also as Assault Group - Grupa Uderzeniowa), commanded personally by Józef Piłsudski, composed of the most battle-hardened and determined Polish units shuffled from the southern front, strengthened by the 4th Army of general Leonard Skierski and 3rd Army of general Zygmunt Zieliński, which after retreating from the Western Bug river area moved not directly towards Warsaw but crossed the Wieprz river and broke off contact with the Soviet pursuers. Their task was to spearhead a lightning northern offensive, from the Vistula-Wieprz river triangle south of Warsaw, through a weak spot identified by Polish intelligence between the Soviet Western and Southwestern Fronts. That offensive would separate the Soviet Western Front from its reserves and disorganize its movements. Eventually the gap between Gen. Sikorski's 5th Army and the advancing Reserve Army would close near the East Prussian border and destroy the Soviet offensive, "trapped in a sack." Jozef Pilsduski This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Jozef Pilsduski This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Józef Haller Józef Haller de Hallenburg ( August 13, 1873 - June 4, 1960) was a Polish general and politician. ... A ditch with water can be used for drainage and irrigation. ... . Władysław Sikorski during World War II. Władysław Eugeniusz Sikorski (May 20, 1881 – July 4, 1943) was a Polish military and political leader. ... Modlin Fortress (Polish Twierdza Modlin) is one of the biggest 19th century fortresses in Poland. ... Góra Kalwaria is a town on the Vistula River in the Mazovian Voivodship, Poland, about 25 km southeast of Warsaw. ... Dęblin is a town, population 19,000, on the Wieprz River, in Lublin Voivodship, Poland. ... Bug at Wlodawa One of the two rivers called Bug (pronounced Boog), the Western Bug, or Buh (Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг; Russian: За́падный Буг; Ukrainian: Західний Буг, Zakhidnyi Buh), flows from central Ukraine to the west, forming part of the boundary between that nation and Poland, passes along the Polish-Belarusian... Wieprz is a river in central-eastern Poland, a tributary of the Vistula river, with a length of 303 kilometres (9th longest) and the basin area of 10,415 sq. ...


Although based on fairly reliable information provided by Polish intelligence and intercepted Soviet radio communications, the plan was labelled as 'amateurish' by many high-ranking army officers and military experts, who were quick to point out Piłsudski's lack of formal military education. Many Polish units, a mere week before the planned date of the counter-attack, were fighting in places as far as 100-150 miles from the concentration points. All of the movements of the troops were done within striking distance of the Red Army. One strong push by the Red Army could derail plans for a Polish counter-attack and endanger the cohesion of the whole Polish front. Piłsudski's plan was strongly criticized by Polish commanders and officers of the French Military Mission, and even Piłsudski himself in his memoires admitted that this was a very risky gamble and the reasons he decided to go forward with the plan were the defeatist mood of politicians, fear for the safety of the capital and the prevailing feeling that if Warsaw was to fall, all was lost. Only the desperate situation of the Polish forces persuaded other army commanders to go along with it, as they realized that under such circumstances it was the only possible solution to avoid a devastating defeat. Coincidentally, when a copy of the plan "accidentally" fell into Soviet hands it was considered to be a poor deception attempt and ignored. A few days later the Soviets paid dearly for this mistake. The French Military Mission to Poland was an effort by France to aid the nascent Second Polish Republic after it achieved its independence in November, 1918, at the end of the First World War. ...

Soviet commander: Mikhail Tukhachevski.
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Soviet commander: Mikhail Tukhachevski.

This work is copyrighted. ... This work is copyrighted. ...

Bolshevik plan

Mikhail Tukhachevski planned to encircle and surround Warsaw by crossing the Vistula river, near Włocławek, to the north and south of the city and launch an attack from the north-west. With his 24 divisions he planned to repeat the classic maneuvre of Ivan Paskievich, who in 1831, during the November Uprising, had crossed the Vistula at Toruń and reached Warsaw practically unopposed. This move would also cut the Polish forces off from Gdańsk, the only port open to shipments of arms and supplies. Marshal of the Soviet Union Mikhail Tukhachevsky Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky (also spelled Tukhachevski, Tukhachevskii, Russian: Михаил Николаевич Тухачевский) (February 16, 1893 - June 11, 1937), Soviet military commander, was one of the most prominent victims of Stalins Great Purge of the late 1930s. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Vistula river basin Vistula ( Polish Wisła, German Weichsel) is the longest river in Poland. ... Włocławek (pronounce: [vȗoʦwavek]) is a town in central Poland on the Vistula river, with population of approximately 123 000. ... Ivan Feodorovich Paskevich (Иван Фёдорович Паскевич in Russian) (August 5 (8th NS), 1782-January 20 (February 1, NS), 1856), was a Ukrainian military leader in the Russian service. ... Conflict November Uprising Date 1830-1831 Place Poland Result Russian victory The November Uprising (1830-1831) was an armed rebellion against Russias rule in Poland. ... Vistula river basin Vistula ( Polish Wisła, German Weichsel) is the longest river in Poland. ... Torun - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... For alternative meanings of Gdańsk, see Gdansk (disambiguation) The title given to this article lacks diacritics because of certain technical limitations. ...


The main weakness of the Soviet plan was the weak southern flank, secured only by the Pinsk Marshes and weak Mozyr Group, and the majority of Soviet Southwest Front were engaged in the battle of Lwów. Pinsk Marshes (Пинские болота) or Pripyat Marshes (Pripet Marshes, Припятские болота) is a vast territory of wetlands along the Pripyat River and its tributaries from Brest, Belarus (West) to Mahileu (Northeast) and Kiev (Southeast). ... During its long and complicated history, the city of Lwów (Lviv, Leopolis, Lemberg) was the site of several major battles and sieges. ...


First phase, August 12

Meanwhile Bolsheviks pushed forward. Gay Dimitrievich Gay Cavarly Corps together with the 4th Army crossed Wkra river and advanced towards the town of Włocławek. 15th and 3rd Army were approaching Modlin fortress and 16th Army moved directly towards Warsaw. Categories: People stubs | Armenian people | Soviet military people | Exonerated Soviet death sentences ... Wkra is a river in north-eastern Poland, a tributary of the Narew river, with a length of 249 kilometres (13th longest) and the basin area of 5,322 sq. ... Włocławek (pronounce: [vȗoʦwavek]) is a town in central Poland on the Vistula river, with population of approximately 123 000. ... Modlin Fortress (Polish Twierdza Modlin) is one of the biggest 19th century fortresses in Poland. ...


The final Soviet assault on Warsaw began on August 12 with the Soviet 16th Army the attack at the town of Radzymin (only 23 km east of Warsaw), and its initial success prompted Piłsudski to speed up the execution of his defense plan by 24 hours. Battle of Radzymin Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date August 12-August 15, 1920 Place near Radzymin, Poland Result Polish victory Battle of Radzymin was part of the Battle of Warsaw during the Polish-Bolshevik War. ...

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Positions prior to the battle.

The first phase of the battle started August 13 with a Red Army frontal assault on the Praga bridgehead. In heavy fighting, Radzymin changed hands several times and foreign diplomats with the exception of British and Vatican ambassadors, hastily left Warsaw. On August 14 it fell to the Red Army, and the lines of Gen. Władysław Sikorski's Polish 5th Army were broken. The 5th Army had to fight three Soviet armies at once: the 3rd, 4th and 15th. The Modlin sector was reinforced with reserves (the Siberian Brigade, and Gen. Franciszek Krajowski's fresh 18th Infantry Division--both, elite, battle-tested units), and the 5th Army held out till dawn. Download high resolution version (1053x878, 65 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1053x878, 65 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... August 13 is the 225th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (226th in leap years), with 140 days remaining. ... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Praga comprises a suburb of Polish capital, Warsaw - or, more accurately, names all that part of Warsaw on the right bank of the river Vistula. ... A bridgehead is literally a military fortification that protects the end of a bridge that is closest to the enemy. ... This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ... August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. ... Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... . Władysław Sikorski during World War II. Władysław Eugeniusz Sikorski (May 20, 1881 – July 4, 1943) was a Polish military and political leader. ... Modlin was a village near Warsaw in Poland near the banks of rivers Narew and Vistula. ... Polish 5th Siberian Rifle Division (Polish 5 Dywizja Strzelców Polskich; also known as the Siberian Division and Siberian Brigade) was a Polish military unit formed in Russia during World War I. The division was probably the longest-fighting unit of the Polish Army; it fought in both the Russian Civil...


The situation was saved around midnight when the 203rd Uhlan Regiment managed to break through the Bolshevik lines and destroy the radio station of Dimitriy Shuvayev's Soviet 4th Army. The latter thus lost contact with its headquarters and continued marching toward Toruń and Płock, unaware of Tukhachevski's order to turn south. The raid by the 203rd Uhlans is sometimes referred to as the Miracle of Ciechanów. Uhlan dressed in the characteristic czapka. ... A radio station is a site configured for broadcasting sound. ... Headquarters denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are concentrated. ... Torun - Wikipedia /**/ @import /skins/monobook/IE50Fixes. ... Motto: none Voivodship Masovian Municipal government Rada Miasta Płock Mayor Mirosław Milewski Area 88 km² Population  - city  - urban  - density 128 210 - 1456/km² Founded City rights - - Latitude Longitude 52°33 N 19°42 E Area code +48 24 Car plates WP Twin towns - Municipal Website Płock (pronounce: [pwɔʦk]) is a... Marshal of the Soviet Union Mikhail Tukhachevsky Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky (also spelled Tukhachevski, Tukhachevskii, Russian: Михаил Николаевич Тухачевский) (February 16, 1893 - June 11, 1937), Soviet military commander, was one of the most prominent victims of Stalins Great Purge of the late 1930s. ... Ciechan w (pronounced: [tɕexanuv]) is a town in north-central Poland with 46,600 inhabitants (1995). ...


At the same time, the Polish 1st Army under Gen. Franciszek Latinik resisted a Red Army direct assault on Warsaw by six rifle divisions. The struggle for control of Radzymin forced Gen. Józef Haller, commander of the Polish Northern Front, to start the 5th Army's counterattack earlier than planned. A rifle is any long gun which has a rifled barrel. ...


During this time, behind the front lines, Pilsudski was finishing his plans for the counter-offensive. Pilsudski decided to personally supervise the attack and because of the enormous risks involved, understanding the danger of combat, before departing for the front he handed a letter with his resignation from all state functions which he held. Thereafter, between August 13 and 15, he visited all the units of the 4th Army concentrating near Puławy, about 100km south of Warsaw. He tried to raise the morale of the units, since many soldiers were tired and demoralized and numerous recently incorporated replacements showed everyone the extent of the losses the Polish forces had endured during the recent retreats. Logistics were a nightmare, as the Polish army was supported by guns made in five countries and used rifles manufactured in six different countries, each of them needing different ammunition. Adding to the problem was the acknowledged fact that the equipment was in poor shape. Pilsudski remembers: "In 21 Division almost half of the soldiers paraded in front of me barefoot." Nevertheless in only three days Pilsudski was able to raise the morale of his troops and motivate them for one of their greatest efforts. Within a short period of time the spirits of the troops changed from a very low morale to full confidence in absolute victory. Puławy is a city in eastern Poland, in Lublin Voivodship (province), on the Wisła (Vistula) River. ...


Second phase, August 14

The 27th Infantry Division of the Red Army managed to get to the village of Izabelin 8 miles from the capital of Poland, but this was the closest that Russian forces would come to Warsaw. Soon the tides of battle would change.

Positions around Warsaw, early morning on August 15.

Tukhachevski, certain that all was going according to his plan, was actually falling into Piłsudski's trap. The Russian march across the Vistula in the north was striking into an operational vacuum as there was no sizeable group of Polish troops in that area. On the other hand, south from Warsaw, where the fate of the war was about to be decided, Tukhachevski left only token forces to guard the vital link between North-Western and South-Western Fronts. Mozyr Group, which was to fulfil this task, numbered only 8 thousand soldiers. Another error committed by the Soviet generals, which influenced the outcome of the war, neutralized the 1st Cavalry Army of Semyon Budyonny, a unit much feared by Piłsudski and other Polish commanders. Soviet High Command, at Tukhachevski's insistence, ordered the 1st Cavalry Army to march toward Warsaw from the south. Semyon Budyonny did not obey this order due to a grudge between commanding South-Western Front generals Aleksandr Yegorov and Tukhachevski. In addition, the political games of Joseph Stalin who was at the time chief political commissar of the South-Western Front, further contributed to Yegorov's and Budyonny's disobedience. Joseph Stalin, in search of personal triumph, desired to capture the important industrial center of Lwów, besieged by Bolshevik forces but still resisting their assaults. Ultimately Budyonny's forces, which could have changed the course of the history, marched on Lwow instead of Warsaw and excluded themselves from the battle. Download high resolution version (600x677, 38 KB)Battle of Warsaw (1920) - the situation east of Warsaw on August 15, 1920 The map was published in Broń pancerna i samochody in June 1932. ... Download high resolution version (600x677, 38 KB)Battle of Warsaw (1920) - the situation east of Warsaw on August 15, 1920 The map was published in Broń pancerna i samochody in June 1932. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... Mozyr (Belarusian: Мазы́р, Мо́зыр; Russian: Мо́зырь) is a town in the Homel voblast of Belarus on the Pripyat River about 210 km east of Pinsk and 100 km northwest of Chernobyl. ... Russian: Александр Ильич Егоров) (October 13, 1883–February 22, 1939), Soviet military commander, was a prominent victim of Stalins Great Purge of the late 1930s. ... Iosif (usually anglicized as Joseph) Vissarionovich Stalin (Russian: Иосиф Виссарионович Сталин), original name Ioseb Jughashvili (Georgian: იოსებ ჯუღაშვილი; see Other names section) (December 21, 1879[1] – March 5, 1953) was a Bolshevik revolutionary and leader of the Soviet Union. ... Commissar (комисса́р) was an official title used in post-revolutionary Russia and the Soviet Union. ... Lviv coat of arms Motto: Semper fidelis Municipal government City council (Львівська міська рада) Mayor City chairman Lyubomyr Bunyak Area 171,01 km² Population    total 2000    density 808,900 4786/km² Founded city rights 13th century 1353 Area code + 0322 Latitude Longitude 49°51′ N 24°01′ E Twin towns...

Enlarge
Second phase of the battle: Polish counterattack.
Heavy fighting for Radzymin, 13:00 hours, August 15.

The Polish 5th Army counter-attacked August 14, crossing the Wkra River. It faced the combined forces of the Soviet 3rd and 15th Armies (both numerically and technically superior). The struggle at Nasielsk lasted until August 15 and resulted in an almost complete destruction of the town. However, the Soviet advance toward Warsaw and Modlin was halted at the end of August 15th and on that day Polish forces recaptured Radzymin, which boosted the Polish morale. Download high resolution version (1053x878, 110 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (1053x878, 110 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (600x703, 47 KB)Battle of Warsaw (1920), situation near Radzymin on August 15, 13. ... Download high resolution version (600x703, 47 KB)Battle of Warsaw (1920), situation near Radzymin on August 15, 13. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ... August 14 is the 226th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (227th in leap years), with 139 days remaining. ... Wkra is a river in north-eastern Poland, a tributary of the Narew river, with a length of 249 kilometres (13th longest) and the basin area of 5,322 sq. ... August 15 is the 227th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (228th in leap years), with 138 days remaining. ...


From that moment on Gen. Sikorski's 5th Army's progress was extremely successful, pushing exhausted Soviet units away from Warsaw which resulted in an almost blitzkrieg-like operation. Sikorski's units, supported by the majority of the small number of Polish tanks, armoured cars and artillery of the two armoured trains, advanced at the speed of thirty kilometres a day, soon destroying any Soviet hopes for completing their "enveloping" manoeuvre in the north. Blitzkrieg relied on close cooperation between infantry and panzers (tanks). ... Military armored cars A French VBL reconnaissance vehicle. ... Historically, artillery refers to any engine used for the discharge of projectiles during war. ... Armoured train is a train protected with armour. ...


Third phase, August 16

On August 16, the Polish Reserve Army commanded by Józef Piłsudski began its march north from the Wieprz River. It faced the Mozyr Group, a Soviet corps that had defeated the Poles during the Kyiv operation several months earlier. However, during its pursuit of the retreating Polish armies, the Mozyr Group had lost most of its forces and been reduced to a mere two divisions covering a 150-kilometre front-line on the left flank of the Soviet 16th Army. On the first day of the counter-offensive, only one of the five Polish divisions reported any sort of opposition, while the remaining four, supported by a cavalry brigade, managed to push north 45 kilometres, unopposed. When evening fell the town of Włodawa had been liberated, and the communication and supply lines of the Soviet 16th Army had been cut. Even Piłsudski was surprised by these early successes, when the Reserve Army units covered about seventy kilometres in 36 hours splitting the Soviet offensive and meeting virtually no resistance. It turned out that the Mozyr Group consisted solely of the 57th Infantry Division which had been beaten in the first day of the operation. Consequently executing Piłsudski's plan, Polish armies found a huge gap between the Russian fronts and exploited it, continuing their northward offensive with two armies following and wiping out the surprised and confused enemy. August 16 is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Wieprz is a river in central-eastern Poland, a tributary of the Vistula river, with a length of 303 kilometres (9th longest) and the basin area of 10,415 sq. ... Mozyr (Belarusian: Мазы́р, Мо́зыр; Russian: Мо́зырь) is a town in the Homel voblast of Belarus on the Pripyat River about 210 km east of Pinsk and 100 km northwest of Chernobyl. ... Kiev (Київ, Kyiv, in Ukrainian; Киев, Kiev, in Russian) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper river. ... An army unit consisting of mounted soldiers are commonly known as cavalry. ... External link http://www. ...


On August 18 Mikhail Tukhachevski, in his headquarters in Minsk some 300 miles east from Warsaw, became fully aware of the extent of his defeat and ordered remnants of his forces to retreat and regroup. His intention was to straighten the front line, stop the Polish attack and to regain the initiative, but the orders either arrived too late or failed to arrive at all. Soviet General Gay's 3rd Cavalry Corps continued to advance toward Pomerania, its lines endangered by the Polish 5th Army, which had finally managed to push back the Bolshevik armies and gone over in pursuit. The Polish 1st Division of the Legion, in order to cut the enemy's retreat, did a remarkable march from Lubartow to Bialystok - 163 miles in 6 days. The soldiers fought in two battles, slept only a few hours and marched for up to 21 hours a day. Their sacrifice and endurance was rewarded by cutting off the entire 16th Soviet Army at Bialystok and taking most of its troops prisoner. Marshal of the Soviet Union Mikhail Tukhachevsky Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky (also spelled Tukhachevski, Tukhachevskii, Russian: Михаил Николаевич Тухачевский) (February 16, 1893 - June 11, 1937), Soviet military commander, was one of the most prominent victims of Stalins Great Purge of the late 1930s. ... Victory Square, the central place of Minsk Minsk (Belarusian: Мінск (offical spelling in Belarus), Менск; Russian: Минск) (population 1. ... Categories: People stubs | Armenian people | Soviet military people | Exonerated Soviet death sentences ... Pomerania (Polish: Pomorze, German: Pommern and Pommerellen, Pomeranian (Kashubian): Pòmòrze and Pòmòrskô, Latin: Pomerania, Pomorania) is a geographical and historical region in northern Poland and Germany on the south coasts of the Baltic Sea between and on both sides of the Vistula and Oder (Odra) rivers, reaching the Reknitz river... Lubartów is a town in eastern Poland, with 23,000 inhabitants (2004), situated in the Lublin Voivodship. ... Białystok (pronounce: [bȋa:wistɔk]) ( Belarusian: Biełastok ([bȋe:lastók], Lithuanian Balstogė (literally meaning white roof)) is the largest city (pop. ...


The Soviet armies in the center of the front fell into chaos. Some divisions continued to fight their way toward Warsaw, while others turned to retreat, lost their cohesion and panicked. The Russian commander-in-chief lost contact with most of his forces, and all the Soviet plans were thrown into disorder by the loss of contact. Only the Russian 15th Army remained an organised force and tried to obey Tukhachevski's orders, shielding the withdrawal of the most western extended 4th Army. But it was defeated twice on August 19th and 20th and it joined the general rout of the Red Army's North-Western Front. Tukhachevski had no choice but to order a full retreat toward the Western Bug River. By August 21st all organized resistance ceased to exist and by August 31 the Soviet South-Western Front was completely routed. Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Commander-in-Chief (in NATO-lingo often C-in-C or CINC pronounced sink) is the commander of all the military forces within a particular region or of all the military forces of a state. ... This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Bug at Wlodawa One of the two rivers called Bug (pronounced Boog), the Western Bug, or Buh (Belarusian: Захо́дні Буг; Russian: За́падный Буг; Ukrainian: Західний Буг, Zakhidnyi Buh), flows from central Ukraine to the west, forming part of the boundary between that nation and Poland, passes along the Polish-Belarusian...


Aftermath

Although Poland managed to achieve victory and push back the Russians, Piłsudski's plan to outmanoeuvre and surround the Red Army did not succeed completely. Four Soviet armies began to march toward Warsaw on July 4th in the framework of the North-Western Front. By the end of August the 4th and 15th Armies were defeated in the field, their remnants crossed the Prussian border and were disarmed. Nevertheless, these troops were soon released and fought against Poland again. The 3rd Army retreated east so quickly that Polish troops could not catch up with them; consequently, this army sustained the least amount of losses. The 16th Army disintegrated at Bialystok and most of its soldiers became prisoners of war. Majority of the Gay's 3rd Cavalry Corps would be forced to cross the German border and be interned in East Prussia. Białystok (pronounce: [bȋa:wistɔk]) ( Belarusian: Biełastok ([bȋe:lastók], Lithuanian Balstogė (literally meaning white roof)) is the largest city (pop. ... East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ...

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Polish soldiers displaying captured Soviet battle standards.

Soviet losses were about 10,000 dead, 500 missing, 10,000 wounded and 65,000 captured (compared to Polish loses of approximately 4,500 killed, 22,000 wounded and 10,000 missing). Between 25,000 and 30,000 Soviet troops managed to reach the borders of Germany. After crossing into East Prussia, they were briefly interned, then allowed to leave with arms and equipment. Poland captured about 231 artillery guns and 1,023 machine-guns. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The word internment is generally used to refer to the imprisonment or confinement of people without due process of law and a trial. ... Historically, artillery refers to any engine used for the discharge of projectiles during war. ... A machine gun is a fully-automatic firearm that is capable of firing bullets in rapid succession. ...


The southern arm of the Red Army's forces had been routed and no longer posed a threat to the Poles. Semyon Budyonny's 1st Cavalry Army besieging Lwów had been defeated at the Battle of Komarów (August 31, 1920) and the Battle of Hrubieszów. By mid-October, the Polish Army had reached the Tarnopol-Dubno-Minsk-Drisa line. Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Lviv coat of arms Motto: Semper fidelis Municipal government City council (Львівська міська рада) Mayor City chairman Lyubomyr Bunyak Area 171,01 km² Population    total 2000    density 808,900 4786/km² Founded city rights 13th century 1353 Area code + 0322 Latitude Longitude 49°51′ N 24°01′ E Twin towns... Battle of Komar w Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date August 31, 1920 Place Komar w and Wolica Śniatycka, near Zamość Result Decisive Polish victory Battle of Komar w was one of the most important battles of the Polish-Bolshevik War. ... Ternopil (Тернопіль in Ukrainian, Tarnopol in Polish, Ternopol in Russian) is a city in Western Ukraine, located at the banks of the Seret river. ... Victory Square, the central place of Minsk Minsk (Belarusian: Мінск (offical spelling in Belarus), Менск; Russian: Минск) (population 1. ...


Tukhachevski managed to reorganize the eastward-retreating forces and in September established a new defensive line near Grodno. In order to break it, the Polish Army had to fight the Battle of the Niemen River (September 15-September 21), once again defeating the Bolshevik armies. After the Battle of the Szczara River both sides were exhausted by war and on October 12, under heavy pressure from France and Britain, a cease-fire was signed. By October 18 the fighting was over, and on March 18, 1921, the Treaty of Riga was signed, ending hostilities. Hrodna (or Grodno; Belarusian: Го́радня, Гро́дна; Grodno in Polish, Гродно in Russian, Gardinas in Lithuanian) is a city in Belarus on the Nemunas river, close to the borders of Poland and Lithuania (about 15 km and 30 km away respectively). ... Battle of the Niemen Conflict Polish-Bolshevik War Date September 15-September 25, 1920 Place near Grodno, along the Niemen River Result Polish victory Battle of the Niemen River was the second largest battle of the Polish-Bolshevik War. ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... An armistice is the effective end of a war, when the warring parties agree to stop fighting. ... October 18 is the 291st day of the year (292nd in Leap years). ... March 18 is the 77th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (78th in leap years). ... The Peace of Riga (also known as the Treaty of Riga, Polish: Traktat Ryski) signed on 18th March 1921 between Poland and Soviet Russia ended the Polish-Bolshevik War. ...


Soviet propaganda before the Battle of Warsaw had described the fall of Poland's capital as imminent, and the anticipated fall of Warsaw was to be a signal for the start of a large-scale communist revolution in Poland, Germany and other European countries, economically devastated from the First World War. The Soviet defeat at Warsaw was thus a setback for some Soviet officials (including Vladimir Lenin) who wished to promote a communist revolution by force of arms in the aftermath of the First World War. North Korean propaganda showing a soldier destroying the United States Capitol building. ... Missing image Ypres, 1917, in the vicinity of the Battle of Passchendaele. ... Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (Russian: Влади́мир Ильи́ч Ле́нин  listen), original surname Ulyanov (Улья́нов) (April 22 (April 10 (O.S.)), 1870 – January 21, 1924), was a Russian revolutionary, the leader of the Bolshevik party, the first Premier of the Soviet Union, and the founder of the ideology of Leninism, later expanded into...


Orders of battle

Polish

Graves of Polish soldiers fallen at the Battle of Warsaw, Powązki Cemetery, Warsaw.

3 Fronts (Northern, Central, Southern), 7 Armies, a total of 32 divisions: 46,000 infantry; 2,000 cavalry; 730 machine guns; 192 artillery batteries; and several units of (mostly FT-17) tanks. Download high resolution version (1248x1008, 367 KB) This image is a current featured picture candidate. ... Download high resolution version (1248x1008, 367 KB) This image is a current featured picture candidate. ... Powazki Cemetery Powązki Cemetery (Polish Cmentarz powązkowski) is the oldest and most famous cemetery in Warsaw, Poland, which is situated in the western part of the city. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... The Renault FT-17 (Automitrailleuse à chenilles Renault FT modèle 1917) was the French light tank. ...

Polish Army
Northern Front
Haller
Central Front
Rydz-Śmigły
Southern Front
Iwaszkiewicz
5th Army
Sikorski
4th Army
Skierski
6th Army
Jędrzejewski
1st Army
Latinik
3rd Army
Zieliński
Ukrainian Army
Petlura
2nd Army
Roja

Fronts: Polish Army (Polish Wojsko Polskie) is the name applied to the military forces of Poland. ... Józef Haller Józef Haller de Hallenburg (August 13, 1873 - June 4, 1960) was a Polish general and politician. ... . Edward Rydz-Śmigły Edward Rydz-Śmigły (born March 11, 1886 in Łapszyn near Brzeżany, Tarnopol Voivodship - died December 2, 1941 in Warsaw), codenames Śmigły, Tarłowski, Adam Zawisza. ... . Władysław Sikorski during World War II. Władysław Eugeniusz Sikorski (May 20, 1881 – July 4, 1943) was a Polish military and political leader. ... Symon Petlyura (Симон Петлюра; also spelt Simon, Semen, Semyen Petliura or Petlura, May 10, 1879 – May 25, 1926) was a Ukrainian politician. ...

East Prussia (German: Ostpreu en; Polish: Prusy Wschodnie; Russian: Восточная Пруссия — Vostochnaya Prussiya) was a province of Kingdom of Prussia, situated on the territory of former Ducal Prussia. ... Vistula river basin Vistula (Polish Wisła), is the longest river in Poland. ... Modlin was a village near Warsaw in Poland near the banks of rivers Narew and Vistula. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Warsaw (Polish: Warszawa, see also other names, in full The Capital City of Warsaw, Polish: Miasto Stołeczne Warszawa) is the capital of Poland and its largest city. ... Dęblin is a town, population 19,000, on the Wieprz River, in Lublin Voivodship, Poland. ... Brody (Ukrainian Броди, Yiddish בראָד Brod) is a town in the western part of Ukraine. ... Brody (Ukrainian Броди, Yiddish בראָד Brod) is a town in the western part of Ukraine. ... The river Dniestr (in Polish and Russian; Nistru in Romanian; Дністер, Dnister in Ukrainian; Tyras in Latin; also known as Dniester) is a river in Eastern Europe. ...

Soviet

Red Army
North-Western Front
Tukhachevskiy
4th Army
Shuvayev
3rd Cavalry Corps
Gay
15th Army
Kork
3rd Army
Lazarievich
16th Army
Sollohub
Cavalry Army
Budyonny

Red Army flag The short forms Red Army and RKKA refer to the Workers and Peasants Red Army, (Рабоче-Крестьянская Красная Армия - Raboche-Krestyanskaya Krasnaya Armiya in Russian), the armed forces organised by the Bolsheviks during the Russian Civil War in 1918. ... Marshal of the Soviet Union Mikhail Tukhachevsky Mikhail Nikolayevich Tukhachevsky (also spelled Tukhachevski, Tukhachevskii, Russian: Михаил Николаевич Тухачевский) (February 16, 1893 - June 11, 1937), Soviet military commander, was one of the most prominent victims of Stalins Great Purge of the late 1930s. ... Categories: People stubs | Armenian people | Soviet military people | Exonerated Soviet death sentences ... Semyon Budyonny Semyon Mikhailovich Budyonny (also spelled Budennii, Budenny, Budyenny etc, Russian: Семён Михайлович Будённый) (April 25, 1883 - October 26, 1973), Soviet military commander, was a favourite of Soviet ruler Joseph Stalin, a fact which led to one of modern historys greatest military catastrophes. ...

See also

Battle of Warsaw Conflict Polish Defence War of 1939 Date 8 to September 28, 1939 Place Warsaw, Poland Result Polish defeat The 1939 Battle of Warsaw was fought between the Poland (Warsaw) and the German Army. ... General Józef Haller in front of the troops Blue Army or Hallers Army are informal names for the Polish Army formed in France during the later stages of World War I. The army was created in June of 1917 as part of the Polish units allied to the Entente. ...

Notes

  1. Soviet casualties refer to all the Warsaw-related operations, from the fighting on the approaches to Warsaw, through the counteroffensive, to the battles of Białystok and Osowiec, while the estimate of Bolshevik strength may be only for the units that were close to Warsaw, not counting the units held in reserve that took part in the later battles.

References

  • Edgar Vincent D'Abernon, The eighteenth decisive battle of the world: Warsaw, 1920, Hyperion Press, 1977, ISBN 0883554291.
  • Norman Davies, White Eagle, Red Star: The Polish-Soviet War, 1919-20, Pimlico, 2003, ISBN 0712606947.
  • J.F.C. Fuller, The Decisive Battles of the Western World, Hunter Publishing, ISBN 0586080368.
  • Jeremy Keenan, The Pole: The Heroic Life of Jozef Pilsudski, Gerald Duckworth & Co. Ltd, 2004, ISBN 0715632108.
  • Richard M. Watt, Bitter Glory: Poland and Its Fate, 1918-1939, Hippocrene Books, 1998, ISBN 0781806739.
  • M. Tarczyński, Cud nad Wisłą, Warszawa, 1990.
  • Józef Piłsudski, Pisma zbiorowe, Warszawa, 1937, reprinted by Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicza, 1991, ISBN 8303030590.
  • Mikhail Tukhachevski, Lectures at Military Academy in Moscow, February 7-10, 1923, reprinted in Pochód za Wisłę, Łódź, 1989.

Edgar Vincent DAbernon, was a French nobleman, writer and soldier. ... Norman Davies (born June 8, 1939 in Bolton, Lancashire, England) is a British historian, noted for his publications on the history of Poland, Europe and the British Isles. ... J.F.C. Fuller (September 1, 1878 – February 10, 1966), full name John Frederick Charles Fuller, was a British Major General, military historian and strategist, notable as an early theorist of modern armoured warfare, including categorising principles of warfare. ...

External links

Wikiquote has quotations relating to:
Battle of Warsaw (1920)
  • Battle Of Warsaw 1920 by Witold Lawrynowicz; A detailed write-up, with bibliography (http://www.hetmanusa.org/engarticle1.html)
  • 3 scans Polish maps (http://www.geocities.com/hallersarmy/maps.html)

  Results from FactBites:
 
Foreign Military Studies Office Publications - Mass, Mobility, And The Red Army's Road To Operational Art 1918-1936 (13425 words)
Before Stalin, Budennyi and Voroshilov were able to rewrite history to their own liking, a host of Soviet works in the 1920s addressed the Vistula Campaign in a critical and fruitful manner.
Leadership of the new chair went to N. Varfolomeev, who had fought with Western Front during the Vistula Operation and served as chief reporter on the large-scale maneuvers which Tukhachevsky conducted with that Front in 1922.
The extent of Soviet military studies on the Vistula Operation of 1920 becomes clear when we examine a bibliography on the Soviet-Polish War prepared by the Military Section of the Communist Academy in 1930 to note the tenth anniversary of the campaign.
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