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Encyclopedia > Minuscule
It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Letter case. (Discuss)

Minuscule or lowercase letters are the smaller form of letter, as opposed to capital letters, as, for example, in a as against A. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... In orthography and typography, letter case (or just case) is the distinction between majuscule (capital or upper-case) and minuscule (lower-case) letters. ... Look up letter in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Originally alphabets were written entirely in majuscule (capital) letters which were spaced between well-defined upper and lower bounds. When written quickly with a pen, these tended to rounder and simpler forms, like uncials. It is from these that the first minuscule hands developed, the half-uncials and cursive minuscule, which no longer stay bound between a pair of lines. A Specimen of typeset fonts and languages, by William Caslon, letter founder; from the 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... Majuscules or capital letters (in the Roman alphabet: A, B, C, ...) are one type of case in a writing system. ... A ballpoint pen A pen is a writing instrument which applies ink to some surface. ... The Book of Kells, c. ... The Book of Kells, c. ...


These in turn formed the foundations for carolingian minuscule, developed by Alcuin for use in the court of Charlemagne, which quickly spread across Europe. Here for the first time it became common to mix both majuscule and minuscule letters in a single text. Example from 10th century manuscript Carolingian or Caroline minuscule is a script developed as a writing standard in Europe so that the Roman alphabet could be easily recognized by the small literate class from one region to another. ... Rabanus Maurus (left), supported by Alcuin (middle), presents his work to Otgar of Mainz Flaccus Albinus Alcuinus or Ealhwine (c. ... Charlemagne (742 or 747 – 28 January 814) (also Charles the Great[1]; from Latin, Carolus Magnus[2]), son of King Pippin the Short and Bertrada of Laon, was king of the Franks from 768 to 814 and king of the Lombards from 774 to 814. ...


The word itself is often spelled miniscule, by association with the unrelated word miniature and the prefix mini. This is traditionally regarded as a spelling mistake, but is now so common that dictionaries tend to accept it as a spelling variation. However, miniscule is still less likely to be used for minuscule letters.


The term "lowercase" comes from manual typesetting. Since minuscules were more frequent in text than majuscules, typesetters often stored them on the lower shelf of a desk to keep them in easy reach. This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ...


History

Traditionally, more important letters—those beginning sentences or nouns—were made larger; then they were written in a different script, although there was no fixed capitalization system until the early 18th century (and even then all nouns were capitalized, a system still followed in German but not in English). A noun, or noun substantive, is a part of speech (a word or phrase) which can co-occur with (in)definite articles and attributive adjectives, and function as the head of a noun phrase. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ...


Similar developments have taken place in other alphabets. The minuscule script for the Greek alphabet has its origins in the seventh century and acquired its quadrilinear form in the eighth century. Over time, uncial letter forms were increasingly mixed into the script. The earliest dated Greek minuscule text is the Uspenski Gospels (MS 461) in the year 835. The modern practice of capitalizing every sentence seems to be imported (and is commonly not used when printing Ancient Greek materials even today). Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... Uspenski Gospels are gospels that relate to the Uspenski people during AD time. ... Events Ragnar Lodbrok rises to power (approximate date) The celebration of All Saints is made an obligation throughout the Frankish Empire and fixed on November 1. ...


The Samaritan alphabet also had minuscule letters, making it relatively unusual among abjads such as Hebrew, Syriac and Arabic, which tend to be written without case. The Samaritan alphabet is a direct descendant of the paleo-Hebrew variety of the Phoenician alphabet, the more commonly known Hebrew alphabet having been adapted from the Aramaic alphabet under the Persian Empire. ... An abjad is a type of writing system where there is one symbol per consonantal phoneme, sometimes also called a consonantary. ... This article is mainly about Hebrew letters. ... 11th century book in Syriac Serto. ... The Arabic alphabet is the script used for writing in the Arabic language. ...


Usage

In scripts with a case distinction, minuscules are generally used in most texts, and for most of any given text, with majuscules reserved for emphasis and special contexts. In orthography and typography, letter case (or just case) is the distinction between majuscule (capital or upper-case) and minuscule (lower-case) letters. ...


See also


  Results from FactBites:
 
Minuscule - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (428 words)
Minuscule, or lower case, is the smaller form (case) of letters (in the Roman alphabet: a, b, c,...).
The minuscule script for the Greek alphabet has its origins in the seventh century and acquired its quadrilinear form in the eighth century.
In scripts with a case distinction, minuscules are generally used in most texts, and for most of any given text, with majuscules reserved for emphasis and special contexts.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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