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Encyclopedia > Minnesota Constitution
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The Constitution of the State of Minnesota was initially approved by the residents of Minnesota Territory in a special election held on October 13, 1857, and was ratified by the United States Senate on May 11, 1858, marking the admittance of Minnesota to the Union. Nearly 120 amendments have been approved (often multiple items at once), with perhaps the most significant being a reorganization in 1974 to simplify the document, making it easier for modern readers to comprehend and reducing the extensive verbiage. It is believed that the constitution was even amended twice prior to ratification. Minnesota Territory was an organized territory of the United States from March 3, 1849 to May 11, 1858, when Minnesota was admitted as the 32nd state. ... Jump to: navigation, search An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ... Jump to: navigation, search October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years). ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Ratification is the process of adopting an international treaty, or a constitution or other nationally binding document (such as an amendment to a constitution) by the agreement of multiple subnational entities. ... Seal of the Senate The United States Senate is one of the two houses of the Congress of the United States, the other being the House of Representatives. ... Jump to: navigation, search May 11 is the 131st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (132nd in leap years). ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ... State nickname: North Star State Other U.S. States Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Governor Tim Pawlenty (R) Senators Mark Dayton (D) Norm Coleman (R) Official languages None Area 225,365 km² (12th)  - Land 206,375 km²  - Water 18,990 km² (8. ... ... Amendment has at least two meanings: An amendment is a formal alteration to any official document or record, typically with the aim of improving it. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ...


Creation and ratification

An election in Minnesota Territory to select Republican and Democratic delegates to a state constitutional convention was held on June 1, 1857, following passage of an enabling act by the U.S. Congress on February 26 of that year ("The Enabling Act for a State of Minnesota"). The convention was held in Saint Paul from July 13 to August 29. However, the divisions between the two political parties were so great that they each held their own separate conventions and never met together aside from five people from each party who met in a conference committee to create a document acceptable to both sides. Still, the tension was so extreme that delegates would not sign anything that had previously been signed by a member of the complementary convention. The Republican Party of Minnesota, as its name implies, is the Minnesota branch of the United States Republican Party. ... The Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party (DFL) is a political party in the US state of Minnesota. ... A constitutional convention is a gathering of delegates for the purpose of writing a new constitution or revising an existing constitution. ... Jump to: navigation, search June 1 is the 152nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (153rd in leap years), with 213 days remaining. ... 1857 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... An Enabling Act, in reference to admission of new states into the Union, is legislation passed by Congress authorizing the people of a territory to frame a constitution. ... The Congress of the United States is the legislative branch of the federal government of the United States of America. ... February 26 is the 57th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... State capitol building in Saint Paul Saint Paul is the capital and second-largest city of the state of Minnesota in the United States. ... Jump to: navigation, search July 13 is the 194th day (195th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 171 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search August 29 is the 241st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (242nd in leap years), with 124 days remaining. ... A conference committee in the United States Congress and bicamerial state legislature is a committee appointed by the members of the upper and lower house to resolve disagreements on a bill passed in different versions of each House. ...

In the end, each convention signed their own copies of the document. The two were essentially identical, but had about 300 differences in punctuation, grammar, and wording because of errors in transcription produced as copyists worked late into the night on August 28. The Republican version, written on white paper, ran 39 pages and was signed by 53 delegates, while the Democratic version, written on blue-tinged paper, was 37 pages long and had 51 signatures. Punctuation marks are written symbols that do not correspond to either phonemes (sounds) of a spoken language nor to lexemes (words and phrases) of a written language, but which serve to organize or clarify written language. ... Grammar is the discovery, enunciation, and study of rules governing the use of language. ... August 28 is the 240th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (241st in leap years), with 125 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...

On October 13, an election to approve the constitution was held. Ballots only provided for an affirmative answer, which probably reduced the number of negative votes since doing so required altering the ballot. The tally was 30,055 for acceptance and 571 for rejection. A ballot is a device used to record choices made by voters. ...

The territorial secretary, a Democrat, sent a certified copy of the Democratic version to Washington, D.C. to be ratified by the Senate. A copy of the Republican version was also sent by an unknown party, and there is good historical evidence to show that both versions were available to Congress members. Additionally, the Republican version was sent with the bill returned to Minnesota. Washington, D.C. is the capital city of the United States of America. ... A bill can be one of: in American English, paper documents used as currency (notes in British English): see Banknote. ...

The Minnesota State Legislature began to convene before the constitution was ratified, although officials elected to other positions such as governor did not begin acting in their official roles until later. The first two acts created by the legislature were amendments to the constitution, and they were approved by voters on April 15, 1858. One authorized a loan to railroads of US$5 million, and the other related to the term of office of the first state officers. Amended constitutions were apparently the ones viewed by Congress during the ratification process. The validity of the early laws passed by the Legislature is somewhat in doubt, although they have never been challenged in court. The Minnesota State Legislature is the legislative branch of government in the U.S. state of Minnesota. ... The Governor of Minnesota is the chief executive of the U.S. state of Minnesota. ... April 15 is the 105th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (106th in leap years). ... 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. ... The United States dollar, or American dollar, is the official currency of the United States. ... A court is an official, public forum which a public power establishes by lawful authority to adjudicate disputes, and to dispense civil, labour, administrative and criminal justice under the law. ...

Bill of rights

A bill of rights is featured prominently in the constitution as Article I. There are currently seventeen sections, including many that echo the amendments to the United States Constitution. Some of these are provisions for trial by jury, prohibition against unreasonable search and seizure, and due process of law. Jump to: navigation, search A bill of rights is a statement of certain rights that citizens and/or residents of a free and democratic society have (or ought to have) under the laws of that society. ... Jump to: navigation, search Page I of the Constitution of the United States of America Page II of the United States Constitution Page III of the United States Constitution Page IV of the United States Constitution The Syng inkstand, with which the Constitution was signed The Constitution of the United... Trial by Jury is a comic Gilbert and Sullivan operetta in one act (the only single-act Savoy Opera). ... Search and seizure is a legal tool of US law whereby police who suspect that a crime has been committed may do a search of the property. ... Due process of law is a legal concept that ensures the government will respect all of a persons legal rights instead of just some or most of those legal rights, when the government deprives a person of life, liberty, or property. ...

The Legislature

Amongst other rules, the state legislature may not meet "after the first Monday following the third Saturday in May of any year." This has the effect of halting the state government if the budget hasn't been passed by then, as happened in 2005. Also, similar to the Tennessee State Constitution, bills brought before the legislature may deal with only one subject. Jump to: navigation, search 2005(MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Tennessee State Constitution defines the form, structure, activities, character, and fundamental rules (and means for changing them) of the U.S. State of Tennessee. ...


Article XIV of the constitution is dedicated to discussing the public highway system of the state and the methods of funding. It authorizes a trunk highway system overseen by the state and methods of funding roadways overseen by smaller political divisions within Minnesota. Sections 4 and 5 in Article X also describe the taxation of fuel and vehicles used in relation to airborne transportation, including aircraft and supplemental vehicles. Mitchell Freeway in Perth, Western Australia For other uses, see Highway (disambiguation). ... A trunk road, trunk highway, or strategic road is a major road, usually connecting one or more cities, ports, airports etc, which is the recommended route for long-distance and freight traffic. ... A political division is a geographic region accepted to be in the jurisdiction of a particular government entity. ... For the workstation, see SGI Fuel. ... Jump to: navigation, search An aircraft is any machine capable of atmospheric flight. ...

In 1920, the Babcock Amendment authorized 70 "constitutional route" (CR) highways cris-crossing the state. Until the 1974 modification of the constitution (see section below), these were enumerated in the document itself, though today they are listed in the Minnesota Statutes (§161.114). Still, the general routes cannot be altered or removed without amending the constitution and are therefore somewhat fixed. In many cases, the constitutional route numbers do not match highway numbers. In fact, it has been common for CR highways to be composed of several different trunk highways. When the U.S. Highway system was created in 1926, many of these roads were made up of one or more U.S. highways. Today, they now use a mix of Minnesota state highways, U.S. highways, and Interstate highways. 1920 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar) // Events January January 7 - Forces of Russian White admiral Kolchak surrender in Krasnoyarsk. ... In the U.S. state of Minnesota, a constitutional route (CR) is a highway that was defined as part of the Babcock Amendment, which altered the Minnesota State Constitution when it was approved in the election of November 2, 1920. ... In the U.S. state of Minnesota, a constitutional route (CR) is a highway that was defined as part of the Babcock Amendment, which altered the Minnesota State Constitution when it was approved in the election of November 2, 1920. ... A trunk road, trunk highway, or strategic road is a major road, usually connecting one or more cities, ports, airports etc, which is the recommended route for long-distance and freight traffic. ... Current U.S. Highway shield Current U.S. Highway shield in California The United States Highway System is an integrated system of roads in the United States numbered within a nationwide grid. ... 1926 was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... This is a list of Minnesota state highways. ... A typical rural stretch of Interstate Highway, with two lanes in each direction separated by a large grassy median, and with cross-traffic limited to overpasses and underpasses. ...

There is some ambiguity in how literally the Minnesota Department of Transportation must interpret the constitutional routes. In some cases, the routes no longer directly serve communities they were once designated for, but are routed along nearby interstates instead. The Minnesota Department of Transportation (Mn/DOT, pronounced min-dot) oversees transportation by land, water, and air in the U.S. state of Minnesota. ...

The strong support given to automobile and aircraft transportation is often criticized by advocates of public transportation (buses, light rail, etc.), which they believe is inappropriately funded. While highways have a consistent source of money, Metro Transit has had to frequently petition the legislature for funding. A taxi serving as a bus Public transport comprises all transport systems in which the passengers do not travel in their own vehicles. ... A bus is a large wheeled vehicle, intended to carry numerous persons in addition to the driver. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Metro Transit logo Metro Transit is the largest operator of bus service in the seven-county region surrounding Minneapolis and St. ...

1974 alteration

In 1971, the legislature created a commission to study the constitution and make recommendations to maintain its utility. After reviewing the document for two years, it was recommended that the constitution be amended to rewrite it in modern language and allow easier reference. The amendment was approved by voters on November 5, 1974. This did not alter the meaning of the constitution, although if there is a case where meaning is ambiguous, the original document remains the final authority. Jump to: navigation, search 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... November 5 is the 309th day of the year (310th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 56 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1974 is a common year starting on Tuesday (click on link for calendar). ...

The earlier wording of the constitution, including all of the amendments approved since adoption in 1857, is printed in the Minnesota Legislative Manual 1973–74, pages 445–484.

External links

Wikisource has original text related to this article:
Constitution of the State of Minnesota

Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikisource, The Free Library, is a Wikimedia project to build a free wiki library of primary source texts, along with translations of source-texts into any language and other supporting materials. ...


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  Results from FactBites:
Minnesota Constitution (9004 words)
The style of all laws of this state shall be: "Be it enacted by the legislature of the state of Minnesota." No law shall be passed unless voted for by a majority of all the members elected to each house of the legislature, and the vote entered in the journal of each house.
A member of the senate or the house of representatives, an executive officer of the state identified in section 1 of article V of the constitution, or a judge of the supreme court, the court of appeals, or a district court is subject to recall from office by the voters.
The Minnesota Historical Society shall always be a department of this institution.
  More results at FactBites »



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