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Encyclopedia > Minivan
Lloyd LT 600, a vintage minivan
Lloyd LT 600, a vintage minivan
'05 Mercury Monterey minivan
'05 Mercury Monterey minivan


A minivan, multi-purpose vehicle (abbreviated MPV), people-carrier, people-mover or multi-utility vehicle (shortened MUV) is a type of automobile similar in shape to a van that is designed for personal use. Minivans are taller than a sedan, hatchback or a station wagon, and are designed for maximum interior room. Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Minivan. ... Image File history File links Please see the file description page for further information. ... Renault Mégane Scénic, the first car to be marketed as a compact MPV Opel Zafira, a seven-seater compact MPV A compact MPV is a car classification used in Europe to describe multi-purpose vehicle versions of small family cars (sometimes also referred to as compact cars), fitting... For the new MINI, see MINI (BMW). ... Image File history File links MHV_Lloyd_LT600. ... Image File history File links MHV_Lloyd_LT600. ... Norddeutsche Automobil und Motoren GmbH was a German brand created in 1908 and was owned by the Norddeutsche Lloyd shipping company. ... Image File history File links BlackMonterey. ... Image File history File links BlackMonterey. ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access Not a hatchback: a fastback shape like this 2004 Bentley Continental GT can be confused with a true hatchback Hatchback is a term describing an automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ...

Contents

The term

The term "minivan" was coined in North America and the term is derived from the fact that these vehicles were considerably smaller and more streamlined than traditional North American passenger vans, such as the Ford E-Series. In other English-speaking countries, other terms describe this kind of vehicle. North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... The Ford E-Series, formerly named and also known as the Econoline or Club Wagon, is a line of full-size vans (both cargo and passenger) and truck chassis from the Ford Motor Company. ...


In Europe and India, "multi-purpose vehicle" (MPV) describes the car type in general without any reference to the size. These are described with a word before the acronym: a mini MPV is derived from a supermini, a compact MPV is based on a small family car and a large MPV has about the same size as a large family car. In Asia, "multi-utility vehicle" (MUV) has more or less the same meaning as MPV. "People-carrier" and "people mover" describe both large MPVs and minibuses, but not smaller models. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Minivan. ... 1996 Volkswagen Polo, a popular modern European supermini A supermini is a European hatchback car category. ... Renault Mégane Scénic, the first car to be marketed as a compact MPV Opel Zafira, a seven-seater compact MPV A compact MPV is a car classification used in Europe to describe multi-purpose vehicle versions of small family cars (sometimes also referred to as compact cars), fitting... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A modern minivan - 2004 Chrysler Town & Country Typical early minivan (a Dodge Caravan) A minivan, people carrier, multi utility vehicle (MUV),or multi purpose vehicle (MPV) is a type of vehicle which has a body that resembles a van, but which has rear side doors, rear side windows, and interior... A Ford Mondeo, a large family car. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Volkswagen minibus A minibus is a motor vehicle that is designed to carry fewer people than a full-size bus. ...


Characteristics

Overview

Minivans are usually between 1600 and 1800 mm tall (or between 65 and 70 in), which is around 200 mm (8 in) taller than a sedan, hatchback or a station wagon. The engine is mounted very close to the front edge of the car, and its elements are grouped higher than in other car types to minimize front overhang length. The rear overhang may be both short like a hatchback or long like in station wagons, changing the boot vs seat balance – the first option is more common in smaller minivans and the second in large minivans. A notchback full-size luxury sedan. ... Peugeot 306 hatchback, with the hatch lifted and the parcel shelf tilted for access Not a hatchback: a fastback shape like this 2004 Bentley Continental GT can be confused with a true hatchback Hatchback is a term describing an automobile design, consisting of a passenger cabin with an integrated cargo... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ...


Seats

Seats are located higher than in lower cars, in a way that passengers seat more upright and unstretched, leaving more room for the legs. Some people find this seating position uncomfortable and prefer lower automobiles, while the disabled, the elderly or people with little flexibility may benefit from the lack of need to "sit down" when entering the car. [citation needed]


Larger minivans usually feature three seat rows, with two or three seats each: 2-3-2 or 2-3-3 (front to rear) are the most common seating configurations. Smaller minivans tend to have two seat rows, with a traditional 2-3 configuration. There are some exceptions, like the Honda FR-V, Fiat Multipla and Mercedes-Benz R-Class which are six seaters (3-3 in the first two cases and 2-2-2 in the latter). 2005 Honda FR-V Hondas FR-V (Honda Edix in Japan) is a 6-seater compact minivan available since late in 2004. ... The Fiat Multipla is the name given to two different automobiles manufactured by Fiat, the first from 1956 to 1965, and the second from 1998 to the present. ... Mercedes-Benz R-Class Mercedes-Benz R-Class The R-Class is an MPV/SUV crossover automobile offered by DaimlerChrysler in 2006 model year under the Mercedes-Benz brand. ...


Many minivans have so-called seating "flexibility", which means that seat benches or individual seats can be relocated, folded, swung and/or removed. This allows more seating capacity or cargo room depending on needs.


Chassis and drivetrain

In contrast to vans, sport utility vehicles and many crossover SUVs, most current minivans are front-wheel drive. The main advantage is better handling than rear-wheel drive vehicles under slippery conditions like rain, snow and ice. This configuration also allows more inner area along the floor, due to the absence of the driveshaft hump. With rear seats removed, the cargo area in large minivans can hold a 4x8 ft sheet of drywall or plywood flat. Four-wheel drive was also introduced to minivans in North America with the Toyota Van Wagon 4WD and the Volkswagen Vanagon Syncro. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A fourth-generation (2006-) Ford Explorer, the best-selling mid-size SUV in the United States. ... A crossover SUV (also called CUV for Crossover Utility Vehicle) or XUV (not to be confused with GMCs Envoy XUV) is an automobile with a sport utility vehicle appearance but is built upon a more economical and fuel-efficient unibody construction. ... Front-wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... Rear-wheel drive (or RWD for short) is an engine/transmission layout used in automobiles. ... For the musical group Drywall, see Drywall (musical project) Example of drywall with joint compound, the common interior building material. ... Toy constructed from plywood. ... The Jeep Wrangler is a 4WD vehicle with a transfer case to select low range or high range 4WD. The Lamborghini Murciélago is a 4WD/AWD that powers the front via a viscous coupling unit if the rear slips. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... The Volkswagen Type 2 (aka Transporter) was the second automotive line introduced by German automaker Volkswagen. ...


Most modern minivans feature unibody architecture, which offers superior crashworthiness and a more comfortable ride than a body-on-frame chassis, and is typically lighter. The Chevrolet Astro / GMC Safari was the last body-on-frame rear-wheel drive minivan but is now discontinued. Monocoque (French for single shell) or unibody is a construction technique that uses the external skin of an object to support some or most of the load on the structure. ... Body-on-frame is an automobile construction technology. ... GMC Safari (first generation) Second-generation GMC Safari The Chevrolet Astro was a mid-sized van introduced by Chevrolet in 1985 to rival domestic (American) competitors the Dodge Caravan/Plymouth Voyager twins. ...


In the United States, in order to circumvent safety and emissions regulations, minivans are often classified as light trucks. Light truck is a vehicle classification generally used by the United States government for regulating fuel economy and safety. ...


Doors

Access to the third row is through the rear side doors; these may open by sliding them or swinging. Early minivans featured one rear side sliding door on the passenger's side, differentiating them from earlier cargo vans which typically had a pair of outward-opening double doors behind the front passenger door. Almost every current minivan features rear doors on both sides; swinging doors are the norm for European and Japanese minivans, while most American models feature sliding doors.


Segments

Minivans can be roughly classified in three or four segments: large, compact, mini and sometimes micro. Models of all segments are present in Europe, the Americas and parts of Asia. For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... World map showing the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere historically considered to consist of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ...


Large minivans are those above 4600 mm (180 in) long. Nearly every minivan sold in the United States belongs to this segment, so they are simply called minivans there. The first European MPV also belonged to this segment, and later similar models were named likewise until smaller models appeared; now these models are called "large MPVs". Examples are the Dodge Caravan, Honda Odyssey, Ford Galaxy and Eurovan. The Dodge Caravan and Dodge Grand Caravan are minivans manufactured by DaimlerChrysler (they were sold by the Chrysler Corporation until 1998). ... The Honda Odyssey is a minivan / large MPV produced by the Japanese automaker Honda since 1995. ... See also the Ford Galaxie full-size car of the 1950s and 1960s The Ford Galaxy is a large MPV first introduced in 1995. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


Compact MPVs have a length of between 4200 mm and 4600 mm (165-180 in). Such models enjoyed some popularity in the United States in the late 1980s and early 1990s, for example the Mitsubishi Expo and Nissan Axxess. In 1996, the Renault Scénic was released in Europe and its success made mainstream automakers produce them in large quantities, usually based on small family car platforms and with both two and three-row seats. As of 2007, the only compact minivans available in the United States are the Mazda5 and Kia Rondo. Renault Mégane Scénic, the first car to be marketed as a compact MPV Opel Zafira, a seven-seater compact MPV A compact MPV is a car classification used in Europe to describe multi-purpose vehicle versions of small family cars (sometimes also referred to as compact cars), fitting... The Mitsubishi Chariot is a minivan built by Mitsubishi Motors Corporation of Japan, from 1983. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Nissan Prairie. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Renault Scenic The Renault Mégane Scénic was the first European car of its kind: a five-seater based on the chassis of a compact hatchback (in this case the Mégane which had been launched a year earlier) but with a high... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Premacy (called Mazda5 in some markets) is a small (C-class) minivan from Mazda. ... The Kia Carens is a compact MPV lauched in 1999 by the Korean manufacturer Kia. ...


Mini MPVs are under 4100 mm (160 in) long, and were introduced in the early 2000s. These models are based on supermini platforms and have different styles depending on markets: Japanese models are more boxy while Europeans have the bonnet and windshield almost parallel. Examples of mini MPVs are the Opel Meriva, Renault Modus, Fiat Idea, Toyota bB and Nissan Cube. It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Minivan. ... 1996 Volkswagen Polo, a popular modern European supermini A supermini is a European hatchback car category. ... Opel Meriva The Opel Meriva is a small minivan based on the platform of the third generation Opel Corsa and sold under that name on all of the European markets with the exception of the UK, where its called Vauxhall Meriva. ... The Renault Modus is a mini MPV designed and built by the French automaker Renault in Valladolid, Spain since September 2004. ... The Fiat Idea is a mini-MPV, made by the Italian company Fiat and sold in the European and South American markets, introduced in 2004. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Scion xB. (Discuss) The Toyota bB is a small wagon produced by the Toyota Motor Corporation based on the Toyota Vitz. ... The Nissan Cube is a compact minivan produced by Nissan and sold in the Japanese Domestic Market. ...


Tall city cars and kei cars like the Hyundai Atos, Chevrolet Matiz, Chery QQ and Suzuki Wagon R have also been called mini MPVs or "microvans" because of their increased height over traditional hatchbacks. Others believe they are too similar in design with other small cars, so they should be described as the same kind of cars. The Fiat Panda, a 1980s city car A current model Toyota Aygo city car A city car (or urban car) is a small, moderately powered automobile intended for use in urban areas. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... 2004 Hyundai Atos Prime Image:Atos. ... Daewoo Matiz (M100) The Chevrolet Matiz (also Spark) is a micro car made by GM Daewoo. ... The Chery QQ (codename S11) is a city car produced by the Chinese manufacturer Chery Automobile since 2003. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Early minivans models may be smaller than modern models, but still fit into the child subsegment; the first-generation Renault Espace introduced in 1985 would be classified nowadays as a compact MPV, but later generations grew in size and the Espace is now considered a large MPV. The Renault Espace is a large MPV produced by French automaker Renault since 1984 and manufactured in Matra factories. ...


History

Apart from the visionary Stout Scarab (1935), the most important predecessors of minivans are compact vans, which were produced since the 1950s. The Volkswagen Type 2, the second automobile in Volkswagen's range, was released in 1950 and had some features that would be found later in minivans. The Volkswagen Type 2 had a RR layout, two rear side doors opposite to the driver's side and none on the driver's side. Japanese And American compact vans have been produced since the 1960s, nearly all of them with a FMR layout, with the engine mounted behind or under the front seat and a flat, vertical nose. Examples include the Ford Econoline, Chevrolet Van, Suzuki Carry, Toyota Hiace and Subaru Sambar. When Volkswagen introduced a sliding rear door on their van in 1968, it at that point had all the features that would later come to define a minivan (three rows of forward-facing seats, station wagon-style top-hinged tailgate/liftgate, sliding rear door, passenger car underpinnings). The Stout Scarab was a limited production automobile built by Stout Engineering Laboratories of Detroit, Michigan. ... Dodge A100 A compact van is a type of van popular in the United States during the early 1960s. ... The Volkswagen Type 2 (aka Transporter) was the second automotive line introduced by German automaker Volkswagen. ... Volkswagen AG (ISIN: DE0007664005), or VW, is an automobile manufacturer based in Wolfsburg, Germany. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Sketch of FMR layout The FMR layout, standing for front mid-engine, rear wheel drive, is a layout of an automobile that places the engine in the front, like the FR layout, but pushed back enough that the engines center of gravity is to the rear of the front... The Ford E-Series, also known as the Econoline, is a line of full-size vans and truck chassis from Ford Motor Company. ... 1996 GMC Vandura The GMC Vandura, also sold as the Chevy Van, was a full-size van produced by GMC from 1970 (introduced in April 1970 as 1971 models), up until 1996. ... Suzuki Carry Minibus The Suzuki Carry, officially known as the L60V, is a small van and pickup truck produced by the Japanese automaker Suzuki. ... The Toyota Hiace is an automobile that was first produced by the Toyota Motor Corporation in 1967. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ...


The first use of the term minivan was in North America, when Toyota and Chrysler launched their respective minivan products in late 1983 for the 1984 model year. The Toyota Van and Dodge Caravan / Plymouth Voyager featured very different structure designs: the Dodge Caravan / Plymouth Voyager had a FF layout and a unibody architecture, while the Toyota Van Wagon featured a FMR layout and was built on a body-on-frame chassis. The Chevrolet Astro / GMC Safari and Ford Aerostar were introduced for the 1985 model year with FR layout. North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... This article is about the automaker. ... For other uses, including the Chrysler Brand, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ... The Toyota Van is a vehicle made by Toyota and available worldwide in a multitude of different versions. ... The Dodge Caravan and Dodge Grand Caravan are minivans manufactured by DaimlerChrysler (they were sold by the Chrysler Corporation until 1998). ... The Plymouth Voyager and Plymouth Grand Voyager were minivans marketed by DaimlerChrysler (they were sold by the Chrysler Corporation until 1998). ... In automobile design, an FF, or Front-engine, Front wheel drive, layout places both the engine and driven wheels at the front of the vehicle. ... Monocoque (French for single shell) or unibody is a construction technique that uses the external skin of an object to support some or most of the load on the structure. ... Sketch of FMR layout The FMR layout, standing for front mid-engine, rear wheel drive, is a layout of an automobile that places the engine in the front, like the FR layout, but pushed back enough that the engines center of gravity is to the rear of the front... Body-on-frame is an automobile construction technology. ... GMC Safari (first generation) Second-generation GMC Safari The Chevrolet Astro was a mid-sized van introduced by Chevrolet in 1985 to rival domestic (American) competitors the Dodge Caravan/Plymouth Voyager twins. ... The Ford Aerostar was Fords first attempt at building a minivan, and was introduced as a 1986 model in summer 1985. ... In automobile design, an FR, or front-engine, rear wheel drive means a layout where the engine is in the front of the vehicle and drive wheels at the rear. ...


A European minivan design was conceived in the late 1970s by the Rootes Group in partnership with the French automaker Matra (which was also affiliated with Simca, the former French subsidiary of the Chrysler Corporation, sold in 1977 to the PSA Group). The Matra design was originally intended to be sold as a Talbot and be a replacement for the Talbot-Matra Rancho. Early prototypes were designed to use Simca parts, and hence featured a grille reminiscent of the Simca 1307. Matra took their idea to Peugeot, who thought it to be too expensive and risky, so the project was then presented to Renault. The Matra concept eventually became the Renault Espace, which was introduced in 1986. In contrast to the Chrysler's single sliding rear door, the Renault had traditional hinged car doors on both sides. Since no one disputes that the Renault Espace is a minivan, despite its door configuration, this raises the question of whether the 1956 Fiat 600 Multipla (seven years before Volkswagen introduced the sliding rear door that would come to define minivans for many motorists) was actually the first minivan. The Rootes Group is a now-defunct British automobile manufacturer. ... Simca Rallye 2 Simca is a now-defunct French automobile manufacturer, which also produced cars in Brazil and Spain in the 1960s. ... The PSA Peugeot Citroën Group (in French, Groupe PSA) is a vehicle company that owns the marques Peugeot and Citroën. ... Talbot is an automobile brand, whose history is one of the industrys most complex. ... The Matra Rancho is a leisure activity vehicle created by the French engineering group Matra in cooperation with the automaker Simca to capitalize on the off-road trend started by the Range Rover, but provide the off-road look at a lower price. ... The Simca 1307 was a mid-sized hatchback car, sold by Chrysler in Europe and Talbot between 1975 and 1985. ... Peugeot is a major French car brand, part of PSA Peugeot Citroën. ... Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks. ... The Renault Espace is a large MPV produced by French automaker Renault since 1984 and manufactured in Matra factories. ... The Fiat 600 (or Seicento) is a city car produced by the Italian automaker Fiat from 1955 to 1969. ...


However, Chrysler, under whom Matra had originally conceived the Espace, had also been developing the minivan concept themselves based on the Chrysler K platform. They released the boxy Dodge Caravan / Plymouth Voyager earlier than the Espace, in 1983. 1987 Plymouth Reliant K The Chrysler Corporations K-Car platform of the 1980s ranks as one of the most overt uses of platform sharing in automotive history. ... The Dodge Caravan and Dodge Grand Caravan are minivans manufactured by DaimlerChrysler (they were sold by the Chrysler Corporation until 1998). ... The Plymouth Voyager and Plymouth Grand Voyager were minivans marketed by DaimlerChrysler (they were sold by the Chrysler Corporation until 1998). ...


Difference between MPV, Minivan and Van

Like some minivans, a van can have eight or nine seats and can therefore be classified as passenger vehicles. Vans usually have a flat front end, and the front passengers set above the engine and front wheels, and not behind them like minivans. Sometimes the front wheels are under the front door in vans, something that doesn't happen in minivans. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 441 pixelsFull resolution (1295 × 714 pixel, file size: 81 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 441 pixelsFull resolution (1295 × 714 pixel, file size: 81 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Toyota Van is a vehicle made by Toyota and available worldwide in a multitude of different versions. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The Renault Espace is a large MPV produced by French automaker Renault since 1984 and manufactured in Matra factories. ...


Minivans by market

North America

General Motors originally countered the Dodge Caravan with their truck-based front-engine, rear drive Chevrolet Astro and GMC Safari. These models had difficulty competing for sales with the Chrysler minivans because of their poor traction, size and less comfortable driving characteristics. Nissan and Mitsubishi also introduced minivans to North America but like the Toyota Van Wagon, they had poor rear wheel drive traction, a bouncy ride (due to the short wheelbase) and one couldn't walk from the front seats to the back without getting out of the vehicle. General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume as of 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... The Dodge Caravan and Dodge Grand Caravan are minivans manufactured by DaimlerChrysler (they were sold by the Chrysler Corporation until 1998). ... GMC Safari (first generation) Second-generation GMC Safari The Chevrolet Astro was a mid-sized van introduced by Chevrolet in 1985 to rival domestic (American) competitors the Dodge Caravan/Plymouth Voyager twins. ... GMC Safari (first generation) Second-generation GMC Safari The Chevrolet Astro was a mid-sized van introduced by Chevrolet in 1985 to rival domestic (American) competitors the Dodge Caravan/Plymouth Voyager twins. ... For other uses, including the Chrysler Brand, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ... Nissan Motor Co. ... Mitsubishi Logo The Mitsubishi Group ), Mitsubishi Group of Companies, or Mitsubishi Companies, all refer to a large grouping of independently operated Japanese companies which share the Mitsubishi brand name. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... The Toyota Van is a vehicle made by Toyota and available worldwide in a multitude of different versions. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


1989 brought Japan's first attempt at a North American-style minivan with the Mazda MPV. It was unique as it a had swing-out door with rolldown windows and was the first Japanese minivan with a front-engine. It did not have the utility, traction or cargo room of other minivans. North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Mazda MPV The Mazda MPV is a MPV(minivan) manufactured by Mazda. ...


General Motors introduced the radically styled Chevrolet Lumina APV, Oldsmobile Silhouette, and Pontiac Trans Sport in 1990 to attempt to steal sales from Chrysler. These minivans were the first front-wheel drive minivans to compete with Chrysler. They were made of composite plastic body panels and had steeply raked windshields. Long dashboards, UFO styling and poor quality proved them to be unpopular. General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume as of 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... The Chevrolet Lumina APV was a minivan, produced by General Motors for the 1990 to 1996 model years. ... The Oldsmobile Silhouette, along with its siblings the Pontiac Trans Sport and Chevrolet Lumina APV, were a trio of minivans that débuted with radical styling in fall 1989 as 1990 models. ... The Pontiac Trans Sport and its siblings, the Chevrolet Lumina APV and Oldsmobile Silhouette, were a trio of minivans that débuted with radical styling in fall 1989 as 1990 models. ... For other uses, including the Chrysler Brand, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ... Front-wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... Panoramic (wrap-around) windshield on a 1959 Edsel Corsair. ... A dashboard from a 1940s car The dashboard of a modern car, a Bentley Continental GT A Hayabusas dash A modern Formula 1 car has all its gauges mounted on the steering wheel A dashboard or dash board in an automobile is a panel located under the windscreen and...


That same year, Toyota introduced the Previa. It was aerodynamic like the General Motors minivans but was actually quite different in design. The Previa had a pancake-shaped, four-cylinder engine located under the floor of the vehicle. This allowed for passengers to pass from the front seats to the back without exiting the vehicle. While being J.D. Powers & Associates most reliable minivan and the first minivan reaching automobile safety standards, the Toyota Previa did not sell as well as the three Chrysler minivans. This article is about the automaker. ... The Toyota Previa, also known as the Toyota Estima (エスティマ) in Japan and the Toyota Tarago in Australia, is an MPV or multi-purpose vehicle (known as a minivan in North America) produced by Toyota Motor Corporation since 1990. ... Aerodynamics is a branch of fluid dynamics concerned with the study of gas flows, first analysed by George Cayley in the 1800s. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume as of 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... The Toyota Previa, also known as the Toyota Estima (エスティマ) in Japan and the Toyota Tarago in Australia, is an MPV or multi-purpose vehicle (known as a minivan in North America) produced by Toyota Motor Corporation since 1990. ... Two pancakes with maple syrup. ... “Car” and “Cars” redirect here. ... The Toyota Previa, also known as the Toyota Estima (エスティマ) in Japan and the Toyota Tarago in Australia, is an MPV or multi-purpose vehicle (known as a minivan in North America) produced by Toyota Motor Corporation since 1990. ... The Dodge Caravan and Dodge Grand Caravan are minivans manufactured by DaimlerChrysler (they were sold by the Chrysler Corporation until 1998). ...


Ford and Nissan's attempt at dethroning the three Chrysler minivans came in 1993 with the front wheel drive Nissan Quest and Mercury Villager. These minivans were competitive with car-based chassis' and six-cylinder engines, good handling and attractive styling. Ford-brand introduced a slightly larger front-wheel drive minivan called the Windstar in 1994. Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ... Nissan Motor Co. ... Front wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... The Nissan Quest is a minivan produced by Nissan Motor Corporation since 1993. ... Black 2002 Mercury Villager This picture was taken in front of Northville Highschool in Northville, Michigan. ... Front-wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... The Ford Windstar was a minivan produced and sold by the Ford Motor Company from March 1994 (for the 1995 model year) to 2003. ...


1995 brought Honda to the minivan game with the Odyssey. The Odyssey was based on the Honda Accord giving the van more car-like handling than the Chrysler minivans triplet. It had outward opening doors with rolldown middle windows and the first minivan to have a rear seat fold into the floor. The logo of the Honda automobiles The logo of the Honda motorcycles Honda Motor Company, Limited )   (TYO: 7267 , NYSE: HMC), or simply called Honda, is a Japanese multinational corporation, engine manufacturer and engineering corporation. ... The Honda Odyssey is a minivan / large MPV produced by the Japanese automaker Honda since 1995. ... The Honda Odyssey is a minivan / large MPV produced by the Japanese automaker Honda since 1995. ... The Honda Accord is an intermediate automobile manufactured by Honda since 1976. ... The Dodge Caravan and Dodge Grand Caravan are minivans manufactured by DaimlerChrysler (they were sold by the Chrysler Corporation until 1998). ...


In 2000, the Honda Odyssey continue to be the best selling minivans in North America. The second best selling minivan is the Toyota Sienna and the third is the Chrysler Town & Country. According to Autodata in 2006, Chrysler, Honda and Toyota together own 72% of the United States minivan market. General Motors and Ford make up 17%, Kia Sedona and Hyundai Entourage sales make up 5%, and the Nissan Quest makes up 3%. The Honda Odyssey is a minivan / large MPV produced by the Japanese automaker Honda since 1995. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Not to be confused with Toyota Sienta. ... 1994 Town & Country The Chrysler Town & Country is a name that has been used on three different vehicles, two station wagons and a minivan. ... For other uses, including the Chrysler Brand, see Chrysler (disambiguation). ... The logo of the Honda automobiles The logo of the Honda motorcycles Honda Motor Company, Limited )   (TYO: 7267 , NYSE: HMC), or simply called Honda, is a Japanese multinational corporation, engine manufacturer and engineering corporation. ... This article is about the automaker. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume as of 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ... 2005 Kia Sedona The Kia Sedona is a minivan produced by the Kia Motors company. ... The Entourage will be a minivan sold by Hyundai Motor Company in the North American market for the 2006 model year. ... The Nissan Quest is a minivan produced by Nissan Motor Corporation since 1993. ...


United Kingdom

In 1995, Ford Motor company teamed up with Volkswagen and Seat in a factory in Portugal, to make Ford's Galaxy, VW Sharan and Seat Alhambra. These three cars were facelifted heavily in the year 2000, and recently, Ford has left VW and Seat to make its own Galaxy sharing many parts with the Ford S-Max another MPV.


Engines

During the 1980s, North American minivans were slow and underpowered when compared with sport utility vehicles, but had more fuel-efficient four-cylinder engines. The 1990s brought more six-cylinder engines which improved performance and towing capabilities. North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... The straight-4 or inline-4 is an internal combustion engine with four cylinders aligned in one row. ...


In the 1980s, four-cylinder engines were common for fuel efficiency, but often had higher rates of problems than larger engines. Before the development of 150 hp+ four-cylinder engines, such vehicles could also have poor performance, as manual transmissions were rare in minivans. With the shift towards heavier long-wheelbase models and light towing, V6 engines have become more common; some automakers dropped their four-cylinder engines from their minivan lineup. Some minivans were notorious for having problems with their transaxles, as they are substantially heavier than the sedans their powertrains were originally designed for. The Chevrolet Astro, the last surviving truck-based mid-size van originally marketed as a minvan, was popular for towing applications because of its truck-based frame and up to 4.3-liter V6, with some owners installing their own V8 engines. A transaxle, in the automotive field, is a component that combines the functionality of the transmission, the differential and the drive axle into one integrated assembly. ... GMC Safari (first generation) Second-generation GMC Safari The Chevrolet Astro was a mid-sized van introduced by Chevrolet in 1985 to rival domestic (American) competitors the Dodge Caravan/Plymouth Voyager twins. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ...


Europe

Apart from the Chrysler Minivans, the Renault did not have any direct rival during the 1980s. Other mainstream automakers began to develop multi-purpose vehicles designed with European tastes in mind. PSA Peugeot Citroën and the Fiat Group founded a joint-venture, Sevel, and released in 1994 the eurovan under the nameplates Citroën Evasion, Peugoet 806, Fiat Ulysse and Lancia Zeta. Ford and the Volkswagen Group did a similar move and codeveloped a model which resulted in the Ford Galaxy, Volkswagen Sharan and SEAT Alhambra, which were made available in 1995. They featured an almost ideantical designed, with different front and rear ends and dashboards. While the VW/Ford model was relatively large, with a length of 4635 mm, the Espace and the eurovan were around 200 mm shorter and would be cosidered today as compact MPVs. All of them were available as seven-seaters and the seats could be folded and removed. These models would be later called "large MPVs". To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Renault S.A. is a French vehicle manufacturer producing cars, vans, buses, tractors, and trucks. ... PSA Peugeot Citroën (PSA) is a vehicle company that owns the marques Peugeot and Citroën. ... Fiat S.p. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Ford may mean a number of things: A ford is a river crossing. ... Volkswagen Group (ISIN: DE0007664005, TYO: 7659 ) is a German automobile manufacturer and one of the largest automotive companies worldwide. ... See also the Ford Galaxie full-size car of the 1950s and 1960s The Ford Galaxy is a large MPV first introduced in 1995. ... VW Sharan The VW Sharan is a multi-purpose vehicle (MPV) or people carrier sold by Volkswagen in Europe, in a joint venture with Ford, which sells a version of the same model as the Ford Galaxy. ... The SEAT Alhambra is a large MPV (MPV/Van=Furgoneta, in Spanish) by the Volkswagen Group and sold under the SEAT brand. ...


The trend towards compact MPVs began in 1996 with the launch of the Renault Scénic and Vauxhall/Opel Zafira. Compact MPVs were cars with tall bodies but based on the chassis and engines of a small family car (in the case of the Scénic, the Renault Mégane). The runaway success of the Scénic saw the car spawn a multitude of similar vehicles, like the General Motors Zafira, the Citroën Xsara Picasso, the Volkswagen Touran, the Ford Focus C-Max, the SEAT Altea/Toledo and the Nissan Almera Tino. By the mid-2000s, virtually all mainstream automakers in Europe had a compact MPV in their range. Renault Mégane Scénic, the first car to be marketed as a compact MPV Opel Zafira, a seven-seater compact MPV A compact MPV is a car classification used in Europe to describe multi-purpose vehicle versions of small family cars (sometimes also referred to as compact cars), fitting... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Renault Scenic The Renault Mégane Scénic was the first European car of its kind: a five-seater based on the chassis of a compact hatchback (in this case the Mégane which had been launched a year earlier) but with a high... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Renault Mégane pre-1999 Renault Mégane Convertible (with 1999-2002 front grille) 2nd generation Megane Renault Mégane CC Megane racing car The Renault Mégane is a small family car produced by the French automaker Renault since 1995. ... Opel Zafira The Zafira is a car from General Motors, branded as an Opel in Europe, except for the UK, where it is branded as a Vauxhall. ... The Citroën Xsara is a compact automobile produced by French manufacturer Citroën since 1997. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Ford Focus C-MAX is a compact MPV designed by Ford for the European market and built since 2003. ... SEAT Altea Prototype The SEAT Altea is a compact MPV built by SEAT and named after Altea, Spain. ... The SEAT Toledo is an automobile built and marketed by SEAT, a division of the Volkswagen Group. ... 2003 Nissan Almera 2003 Nissan Almera The Nissan Almera is a small family car built by Nissan, launched in 1995. ...


Also in the mid-2000s, automakers began to use MPV-style designs on supermini-based chassis. Examples of mini MPVs them are the Opel Meriva, based on the Corsa, the Renault Modus, derived from the Clio, and the Fiat Idea, derived from the Punto platform. 1996 Volkswagen Polo, a popular modern European supermini A supermini is a European hatchback car category. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Minivan. ... Opel Meriva The Opel Meriva is a small minivan based on the platform of the third generation Opel Corsa and sold under that name on all of the European markets with the exception of the UK, where its called Vauxhall Meriva. ... The Corsa is a supermini that has been produced by General Motors European subsidiary Opel since 1983. ... The Renault Modus is a mini MPV designed and built by the French automaker Renault in Valladolid, Spain since September 2004. ... The Renault Clio is a supermini/subcompact produced by the French automaker Renault. ... The Fiat Idea is a mini-MPV, made by the Italian company Fiat and sold in the European and South American markets, introduced in 2004. ... The Fiat Punto is a supermini produced by the Italian manufacturer Fiat since 1993. ...


Asia

In the ASEAN nations, China and India, multi-utility vehicles tend to be smaller than North American minivans and European MPVs. Compact MUVs are more popular than models of other sizes. ASEAN[1], pronounced // (AH-SEE-AHN) in English, or the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, is a geo-political and economic organization of 10 countries located in Southeast Asia, which was formed on August 8, 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand[2] as a display of solidarity... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


They also differ in that they need to cope with uneven terrain as opposed to paved highways. Models from local manufacturers are usually based off Japanese designs from Suzuki, Daihatsu and Toyota. This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Suzuki Motor Corporation ) is a Japanese multinational corporation company producing a range of automobiles (especially Keicars and small SUVs), a full range of motorcycles, ATVs, outboard motors, wheelchairs, and a variety of other small combustion-powered engine products. ... Daihatsu is a Japanese manufacturer of cars, especially compact/small cars. ... This article is about the automaker. ...


MUVs vary widely in configuration: whilst some MUVs might be replicas of European MPVs (such as the European Ford Fusion) or American-style minivans (like the Toyota Innova), in some cases MUVs are similar to SUVs (such as the Chevrolet Tavera). The European Ford Fusion is an estate based on the supermini Ford Fiesta. ... The Toyota Innova is an Indonesian designed large MPV produced in Indonesia under supervision by Toyota Astra Motor since 2003. ... The Chevrolet Tavera is an MUV that is sold in the ASEAN market and India. ...


Other examples of MUVs are the Maruti Versa, Isuzu Panther, Toyota Avanza, Hindustan Pushpak, Toyota Qualis and Toyota Innova. The Maruti Versa is a multi purpose vehicle (MPV) made by Maruti Udyog Limited and sold in India. ... The Chevrolet Tavera is an MUV that is sold in the ASEAN market and India. ... Interior of Avanza The Toyota Avanza is an Indonesian designed mini MPV produced in Indonesia[2] and also assembled in Malaysia, with supervision from Toyota, who also sell the car under their Daihatsu brand. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Toyota Revo. ... The Toyota Innova is an Indonesian designed large MPV produced in Indonesia under supervision by Toyota Astra Motor since 2003. ...


Public image

Minivans are popular as rolling advertisements, as seen in this image, of a Ford Freestar advertising Jack Links Beef jerky.
Minivans are popular as rolling advertisements, as seen in this image, of a Ford Freestar advertising Jack Links Beef jerky.

The target market for minivans are families living in urban areas. This minivan was a cross between the station wagon and full-size vans. In North America, came at a time when families wanted smaller more fuel-efficient vehicles without the negative stigma of the station wagon. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 399 pixel Image in higher resolution (1984 × 990 pixel, file size: 1. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 399 pixel Image in higher resolution (1984 × 990 pixel, file size: 1. ... The Ford Freestar was a minivan made by the Ford Motor Company, manufactured until November 2006. ... The name Jerky comes from the Quechua term charki, meaning dried meat. ... Target market may be defined as a market which an organisation sets its views on, either because it is witnessing an increasing demand for the product produced by the organisation, either because it represents a blue ocean for the organisation to exploit before its competitors get there, so as to... Housing subdivision near Union, Kentucky, a suburb of Cincinnati, Ohio. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ... North America North America is a continent[1] in the Earths northern hemisphere and (chiefly) western hemisphere. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ...


Minivans have a reputation for poor maneuverability and performance in comparison with other types of vehicles. However, they are also the vehicle of choice for large suburban families in the United States, where they are frequently associated with "soccer moms". Perhaps because of these associations, minivans are often seen as dowdy or boring — an ironic repetition of the stigma against station wagons that originally drove the popularity of minivans among Americans. In North American social, cultural and political discourse, soccer mom (and less used soccer dad for the male equivalent) refers broadly to a demographic group of women with school-age children. ...


In a History Channel program of the history of minivans, a Chrysler designer said the minivan was so popular with mothers because of the ease in which a mother could hit her misbehaving children in the middle seats while driving. The History Channel is a cable television channel, dedicated to the presentation of historical events and persons, often with frequent observations and explanations by noted historians as well as reenactors and witnesses to events, if possible. ...


Many buyers prefer the rugged, go-anywhere image of sport utility vehicles or the sporty, upscale image of European station wagons like the BMW 3 Series or the Volvo V70 provide. A fourth-generation (2006-) Ford Explorer, the best-selling mid-size SUV in the United States. ... The BMW 3 Series is an entry-level luxury car / compact executive car manufactured by the German automaker BMW since May 1975. ... The Volvo V70 is a mid-size car / executive car produced by Swedish automaker Volvo Cars since 1997. ...


Some crossover SUVs and minivans are becoming closer together in design and styling. The Pontiac Aztek and Buick Rendezvous sport utility vehicles even shared the same platform as GMs front-wheel drive minivans. The Chrysler Pacifica and Chevrolet Equinox can be described as sporty-looking four-wheel drive minivans or as un-offroader-ish crossover SUVs; the Mercedes-Benz R-Class has a mininvan shape with rounder edges, and features four-wheel drive. The Ford Edge, Ford Freestyle, Chevrolet HHR and Chrysler Pacifica give a sight of the future of these vehicles in North America, while the SEAT Altea, Fiat Croma and Ford S-MAX do the same for the European MPVs. A crossover SUV (also called CUV for Crossover Utility Vehicle) or XUV (not to be confused with GMCs Envoy XUV) is an automobile with a sport utility vehicle appearance but is built upon a more economical and fuel-efficient unibody construction. ... The Pontiac Aztek, introduced late in the 2001 model year and produced through the 2005 model year, was a mid-size crossover SUV produced by the General Motors marque Pontiac. ... The Buick Rendezvous, introduced in the spring of 2001 as a 2002 model year vehicle and produced through the present, is a sport utility vehicle produced by the Buick division of General Motors. ... The Chrysler Pacifica is a mid-size crossover SUV from DaimlerChrysler. ... The Chevrolet Equinox is a mid-size crossover SUV from Chevrolet, introduced in 2004 for the 2005 model year to replace the Tracker. ... The Jeep Wrangler is a 4WD vehicle with a transfer case to select low range or high range 4WD. The Lamborghini Murciélago is a 4WD/AWD that powers the front via a viscous coupling unit if the rear slips. ... Mercedes-Benz R-Class Mercedes-Benz R-Class The R-Class is an MPV/SUV crossover automobile offered by DaimlerChrysler in 2006 model year under the Mercedes-Benz brand. ... The Ford Edge is a mid-size crossover SUV under the Ford marque. ... For minivan, see Ford Freestar. ... hello ifcar The Chevrolet HHR (for Heritage High Roof) is a small retro-styled compact wagon[1][2] launched by the Chevrolet division of American automaker General Motors at the 2005 Los Angeles Auto Show as a 2006 model. ... The Chrysler Pacifica is a mid-size crossover SUV from DaimlerChrysler. ... SEAT Altea Prototype The SEAT Altea is a compact MPV built by SEAT and named after Altea, Spain. ... The Type Four Fiat Croma The Fiat Croma is a nameplate used for two automobiles produced by Italian automaker Fiat, one built from 1985 to 1996 and the other since 2005. ... The Ford S-MAX is a large MPV produced by the Ford Motor Company for the European and by Changan Ford Automobile Co. ...


See also

This is a list of current automobile models by type. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Minivan. ... Renault Mégane Scénic, the first car to be marketed as a compact MPV Opel Zafira, a seven-seater compact MPV A compact MPV is a car classification used in Europe to describe multi-purpose vehicle versions of small family cars (sometimes also referred to as compact cars), fitting... A crossover SUV (also called CUV for Crossover Utility Vehicle) or XUV (not to be confused with GMCs Envoy XUV) is an automobile with a sport utility vehicle appearance but is built upon a more economical and fuel-efficient unibody construction. ... A leisure activity vehicle is a small van, generally related to a supermini, with a second or even a third seat row, and a large, tall boot. ... Estate car body style (Saab 95) A station wagon (United States usage), wagon (Australian usage, though station wagon is widely used) or estate car (United Kingdom usage) is a car body style similar to a sedan car but with an extended rear cargo area. ...

External links

  • MPV Owners Club
  • Russian Minivan Owners Club
  • Choosing minivan in Russia
  • About.com Minivans Site

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